A {{Musical}} trope. One character sings a song, then another character sings to the same chords but a different melody, then both sing together in counterpoint. Most often used to express arguments or show that characters have differing opinions on the same subject, though occasionally merely employed for fun.

A sub-trope of LetsDuet. See also CallAndResponseSong.
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!!Examples:

* Music/IrvingBerlin:
** "Play a Simple Melody" from ''Watch Your Step'' (1914)
** "You're Just In Love" from ''Call Me Madam''
** "An Old-Fashioned Wedding" from ''Theatre/AnnieGetYourGun'' (added for the 1966 revival)
* Creator/StephenSchwartz:
** "All For The Best" from ''{{Theatre/Godspell}}'' (and a semi-example with "Tower of Babble" from the same show, with eight counterpoint lines)
** "Two's Company" from ''The Magic Show''
* Creator/StephenSondheim:
** "Who Could Be Blue/Little White House", a CutSong from ''Theatre/{{Follies}}''
** "You're Gonna Love Tomorrow/Love Will See Us Through" from ''Follies'' (actually '''two duets''' sung in counterpoint, because that's how Steve rolls.
** Topped by "Now/Later/Soon" in ''ALittleNightMusic'', which gives us a counterpoint ''trio'' of three songs with only the slightest common elements...
*** Except that only Anne actually sings her exact part again; Fredrik and Henrik both sing heavily modified versions of their parts in order to fit with hers. But this song certainly fits the spirit of this trope if not the letter.
*** Johanna (Quartet) from ''Theatre/SweeneyToddTheDemonBarberOfFleetStreet''
* "Truly Scrumptious/Doll on a Music Box" from ''Film/ChittyChittyBangBang''. Bonus points for the actors involved doing extremely good jobs portraying their characters' disguises (a marionette and a clockwork doll, respectively).
* "Devil Take the Hindmost" from ''Theatre/LoveNeverDies''. Reprised as a quartet which fits the same trope.
* "Confrontation" from ''Theatre/LesMiserables'' is a semi-example, since Valjean and Javert sing together throughout, but do switch melody lines.
** Another is "A Heart Full of Love", where Eponine sings a counterpoint to Marius and Cosette's love song about how Marius will never love her.
-->"He was never mine to lose"
** Later during the song's reprise "Everyday" Valjean also sings counterpoint to Marius and Cosette's love song this time about how he has to let the now adult Cosette go.
-->"She was never mine to keep"
** It's only a semi-example because she starts midway through the song and does not sing independently before the counterpoint.
* "Lida Rose/Will I Ever Tell You?" from ''Theatre/TheMusicMan'' (barbershop quartet against Marian).
** Also, "Pick a Little, Talk a Little" and "Good Night, Ladies" with the gossip women and the barbershop quartet.
** "The Sadder But Wiser Girl" was supposed to be reprised as counterpoint to "My White Knight," but this SopranoAndGravel duet reprise was cut.
* "Mine" from ''Let 'Em Eat Cake'' is a HappilyMarried couple against a chorus who explain "the point they're making in the song."
* "Another Day" from ''{{Rent}}''
* "Bon Voyage/There's No Cure Like Travel" from ''Theatre/AnythingGoes''
* In the [[AllMusicalsAreAdaptations stage musical]] of ''Film/MaryPoppins'', this trope is used for "Jolly Holiday". Mary and her evil double, Miss Andrew, also do this in "Brimstone and Treacle, Part 2."
* "I Believe In You" from ''HowToSucceedInBusinessWithoutReallyTrying.''
* "[[AntiChristmasCarol A Fairytale of New York]]" by The Pogues.
* The "Will You Love Me Forever?/Let Me Sleep on It" section of Meat Loaf's ''Paradise by the Dashboard Light''.
* The combination reprise of "Under Your Spell" and "Standing" from the ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' Musical Episode [[Recap/BuffyTheVampireSlayerS6E7OnceMoreWithFeeling "Once More With Feeling"]]. Not to mention Spike and Buffy in the "Coda".
* Joss Whedon continues the trend in ''WebVideo/DoctorHorriblesSingAlongBlog'': the song "My Eyes" has Penny singing several steps up from Billy, with a more lyrical melody in counterpoint to his militaristic rhythm. She sings about how the world isn't perfect but things are always getting better, Billy sings about how the world is a pile of filth and lies and everyone's out to get each other, talking about how disillusioned he's become.
** And the end of "A Man's Gotta Do" features a Counterpart ''Trio'', between Captain Hammer, Penny, and Dr. Horrible.
* In ''AVeryPotterMusical'', Ron and Draco sing "Granger Danger," a song about how seeing Hermione at the Yule Ball has made them both fall in love with her.
* ''Theatre/JekyllAndHyde'' has "In His Eyes" with the two female leads singing about each other's feeling toward Jekyll.
** On the other hand, ''Literature/TheSecretGarden'' has the two male leads singing about "Lily's Eyes".
* MitchBenn parodies this in the duet part of his "West End Musical" parody (which is also supposed to be a DistantDuet).
-->'''Kirsty''': Our composer's showing off.\\
'''Mitch:''': He's written two tunes for this song.\\
'''Kirsty''': I have to sing across the counter-melody.\\
'''Mitch:''': It's a sort of call-and-response thiiiiiiiiiiiiiiing...\\
'''Kirsty''': Then I keep going while he holds that one long note,\\
'''Both''': And the last line is in two-part harmony.
* In Music/CelticThunder's song "That's a Woman", two of the men play opposing views on how a woman is and should be treated. One (Paul) thinks they're nothing but good and should be treated gently, and another (Ryan) thinking that they're nothing but bad and should be treated in kind.
** In their show Storm, Keith and Damian have a duet where they sing in counterpoint; Damian talking about how cool and debonair he is, and Keith saying that actually, the girls are laughing at him and he's sort of a loser.
* ''Theatre/WestSideStory'' has a slightly odd example in "A Boy Like That," where Maria sings the melody of "I Have A Love" first as counterpoint to Anita, and only then as a song of its own.
** A more usual example is the "Tonight" quintet/ensemble, which ends with Anita, Riff and Bernardo echoing the jazzy "We're gonna rock it tonight" motif against Tony and Maria's reprise of their earlier duet.
* Don't Do Sadness/Blue Wind from ''SpringAwakening''. Moritz's half (Don't Do Sadness) is a loud, rock-influenced BSODSong, while Ilse's half (Blue Wind) is a nostalgic, [[LonelyPianoPiece piano-accompanied lament]].
* How the Other Half Lives from ''Thoroughly Modern Millie''.
* "Savages" from ''{{Pocahontas}}''. There is a Part 2 featuring Pocahontas singing with similar structures to the earlier songs "Steady As the Beating Drum" and "Listen With Your Heart".
* The title song from the ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' episode "I'm a Little Bit Country", with the country-loving rednecks supporting the war, and the rock-and-roll obsessed yuppies protesting it. The song is later reprised and turned into a MassiveMultiplayerEnsembleNumber.
* "If I Told You (reprise)" from TheWeddingSinger Broadway Musical. Julia sings the melody from the original song with Robbie singing counterpoint with different lyrics and a different melody.
* ''{{Hairspray}}'' (the 2007 movie) has a reprise of Big Blonde and Beautiful, during which Edna and Velma sing about their plans to seduce Wilbur for ''very'' different reasons.
* "This Isn't My Idea" from ''TheSwanPrincess'', in which Odette and Derek, as children, lament how their parents are forcing them to spend time together. It later turns into DuetBonding as they grow older and fall in love.
* In ''Carnival'', Lili's song "[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin I Hate Him]]" segues into a reprise of "Her Face", with Paul singing about his tortured love for Lili while she continues singing about how much she despises his cruelty.
* 'Party Conversation' in ''Theatre/WhenMidnightStrikes''. Murial tells Edward "I'm gonna make love to you...". He panics and starts backing away while singing inanely about everything '''but''' making love. Both tunes are reprised in counterpoint before they join together as Edward gives in.
* In MissSaigon, the song "I Still Believe" is sung by Kim and Ellen. Kim is alone in a hovel singing about how much she loves and misses Chris, praying and still fervently believing that he will come back for her. Ellen is halfway around the world in a comfortable bedroom, sitting right next to the sleeping Chris. Subverted in that the only counterpoint is the setting. Ellen's lyrics show that she is just as lonely and desperate as Kim (Chris' trauma over the loss of Kim has caused him to push Ellen away) and just as fervent in her belief that one day Chris will trust her enough to confide in her.
* In NextToNormal, the song "Who's Crazy?/My Psychopharmacologist and I" is primarily sung by Diana and Dan, with the other actors as ensembles. Dan is reflecting on how and why Diana was having treatments while Diana was telling the audience her path of treatments.
** "You Don't Know/I Am The One".
* ''The Good Doctor'' and ''The Sons of Fate'' by Music/TheProtomen both do this. The former has Dr. Light and Dr. Wily arguing about Wily's plans to control the city, while the latter has Mega Man and [[spoiler: Protoman]] arguing about the fate of mankind while they battle each other.
* On an episode of TheJudyGarlandShow, JudyGarland and BarbraStreisand did a CounterPointDuet of "Get Happy" and "Happy Days Are Here Again", respectively.
* "I Can't Imagine" from ''Vanities: The Musical'' has a counterpoint trio for its bridge. In the original score, the reprise was actually titled "Counterpoint". The counterpoint section was also the basis for the DarkReprise "The Argument" in the Second Stage production and subsequent shows.
* ''Film/TheProducers'': "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LdneMgkNUDI&feature=related We Can Do It]]", to a ''tee''.
* Used quite often in Creator/GilbertandSullivan operettas, for example in "Climbing over Rocky Mountain" from ''Theatre/ThePiratesOfPenzance''.
* Used and [[LampshadeHanging Lampshaded]] in "One Step" from Richard Maltby Jr. and David Shire's revue ''Starting Here, Starting Now'', where the characters sing this before the two sections are combined:
-->Now, I know you folks are very theatrically wise,\\
So I know this news won't come as the slightest surprise,\\
But just in case you're in doubt as to whether or not or whether,\\
This is one of those songs with two parts where both of them go together!
* Melody and Ariel sing such a song, "For a Moment", in ''Disney/TheLittleMermaidIIReturnToTheSea''.
* "The Yodel Blues" from ''[=Texas, Li'l Darlin'=]''.
* ''Theatre/BellsAreRinging'' had "Better Than A Dream" (written after the Broadway opening) for Ella and Jeff.
* In ''Theatre/TheUnsinkableMollyBrown'':
** Molly's refrain is sarcastically sung over by her brothers in "I Ain't Down Yet," with them finally ending up in three-part counterpoint.
** Molly sings "I May Never Fall In Love With You" as the Prince hums a second chorus of his song "Dolce Far Niente."
** "I'll Never Say No" and "My Own Brass Bed" were clearly intended to be sung in counterpoint (note that the final line of both songs is "but I'll (sure) never say no"), but the connection is obscured by "My Own Brass Bed" being sung in CommonTime instead of 3/4, and they are only played together in the Entr'acte.
* "I Like Ev'rybody" from ''Theatre/TheMostHappyFella'' develops into this in the Act III reprise, though Cleo's countermelody ("Smile, smile, smile, that's all you do") makes a partial appearance the first time.
* "For The First Time In Forever" and its reprise in ''Disney/{{Frozen}}''. The first version has Anna singing about her excitement that the castle gates are open once more while Elsa sings about her apprehension over the same thing. Meanwhile, the reprise has Anna trying to convince Elsa to return to Arendelle with her while Elsa tries to convince Anna that her remaining in the mountain is for the best.
* "Here I Am / [[Music/CyndiLauper 'Princesses' Wanna Have Fun"]] from WesternAnimation/BarbieAsThePrincessAndThePopstar.
** "I Am a Girl Like You" from WesternAnimation/BarbieInThePrincessAndThePauper.
* In ''Celebration'', Mr. Rich sings "Slowly Rising" in counterpoint to the Orphan's "Love Song."

!!Other types of contrapuntal singing that are similar, but don't quite fit the trope-

* "Fugue for Tinhorns" from ''GuysAndDolls'', which is more of a round than anything.
* Once more from "Once More With Feeling", though Joss Whedon tries to disguise it, during the counterpoint section in "Walk Through the Fire", the Scoobies and Sweet are actually singing pretty much the same tune. It just sounds different.
* AndrewLloydWebber's version of ''Theatre/ThePhantomOfTheOpera''- lots of counterpoint, especially in "Prima Donna"
** Also when the Phantom, Raoul, and Christine are all singing their respective songs at the same time in a DarkReprise ("The Point of No Return", "Think of Me", and "Angel of Music")
* "I Am So Proud" from ''Theatre/TheMikado'' starts off as a counterpoint trio.
* The refrain in "Kind Captain, I've Important Information" from ''Theatre/HMSPinafore'' is in beautiful two-voice counterpoint.
* "Go Ye Heroes" plus "When the Foeman Bares His Steel" from ''Theatre/ThePiratesOfPenzance'' probably qualifies here.
** There's a bit of "With Cat-Like Tread" mixed in as well, adding in a smidgeon of DistantDuet.
** "How Beautifully Blue the Sky" is a unique example, given that the two melody lines are in [[UncommonTime different time signatures]].
* "What Is This Feeling?" from ''Theatre/{{Wicked}}'' plays with this, by having Elphie and Galinda on one melody line, while giving the other to the chorus.
** Later in ''Wicked,'' Elphaba and Glinda sing in counterpoint briefly in "For Good" - they have separate refrains, but combine them for the finale, in which it is also in counterpoint to the Ozians reprising "No One Mourns The Wicked".
** The opening version of NOMTW also has Glinda in counterpoint with the Munchkins for the final chorus.
* ''Film/LegallyBlonde'''s "Harvard Variations" doesn't quite manage to be a true counterpoint trio. It does come close, though.
* "Remains" from the Japanese musical ''Letter -bring to light-'' is a duet in counterpoint, but the singers don't sing their melodies individually first (at least, not in that song; the melodies do show up separately elsewhere).
* "Yesterday I Loved You" from OnceUponAMattress comes close but the melody of "In A Little While" is slightly modified to fit. In the revival there is also a point where Lady Larken joins Sir Harry in a harmony.
* "Christmas Bells" from {{RENT}} also fits here.
* "One Day More" from ''Theatre/LesMiserables'' famously [[MassiveMultiplayerEnsembleNumber superimposes pretty much every song in Act I on top of each other]], forming one of the most famous Act I finales of all time.
** The musical version of ''The Producers'' does something similar.
** Same with ''Theatre/TheBookOfMormon''.
** Taking cues from ''Theatre/LesMiserables'', ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark Bigger, Longer, & Uncut'' does the same in the LaResistance medley.
** And the end of Act One in the ''Series/{{Scrubs}} MusicalEpisode.
** The aptly named "Act One Finale" from {{Urinetown}} has a similar feel to One Day More, with several melodies superimposed on each other.
* "Where Do We Go From Here" from ''ZombieProm'' is an ensemble version.
* Beethoven's opera ''{{Fidelio}}'' has a famous Canon Quartet: four characters expressing their different concerns over the same situation.
* In the fourth and fifth movements of J.S. Bach's cantata ''[[http://youtu.be/o73shN739YU?t=17m57s Erfreut euch, ihr Herzen]]'' (Rejoice, you hearts), the duet melodies are the same, but the ''lyrics'' are different. One singer celebrates Jesus's resurrection, while the other singer doubts the resurrection and is generally unsure about his fate. In short, the two singers' lyrics are opposites of each other thematically.
* The [[AllMusicalsAreAdaptations stage adaptation]] of ''Theatre/{{Matilda}}'' has a few examples:
** "Miracle" - The children sing about being their parents' "miracle" as the parents sing about their "perfect" children.
** "When I Grow Up" - As Miss Honey sings her verse, Matilda sings a reprise of "Naughty."
** "My House" - Miss Honey sings about her cottage while Matilda and The Escapologist sing a reprise of "I'm Here."
* ''WesternAnimation/AGoofyMovie'' has "On the Open Road". Goofy sings about how happy he is to be traveling with his son Max; Max sings about how he would rather be anywhere else.
* ''{{Music/Brentalfloss}}'' collaborated with a fellow named Dave Bulmer to produce [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sAtWQ_xn0kI Super Mario Land With Lyrics]], wherein Brent and Dave argue about whether or not Super Mario Land is a good game. (For the record, Dave says it is, and Brent says it's not.)
* In the finale of ''Film/SwingTime'', the leads sing "A Fine Romance" in counterpoint with "The Way You Look Tonight," demonstrating that the two melodies fit together perfectly.
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