%% Image selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1520889468064232900
%% Please do not replace or remove without starting a new thread.
[[quoteright:349:[[Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/geordi_and_data_6.jpg]]]]

->''"After a riveting adventure in the Alpha Quadrant in 'Pathfinder', we end up spending an entire episode watching Janeway personalise her own talking dildo in a mock Irish town."''
-->-- '''[[http://docohobigfinish.blogspot.co.uk/2012/08/voyager-season-six.html Doc Oho]]''' on ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'', "Fair Haven"

An alternative reality episode that's an excuse to put the characters in period costume. The term is almost exclusively the property of episodic TV and film. TheWildWest, TheRoaringTwenties or the GenteelInterbellumSetting, and [[NoirEpisode film noir environments]] are popular destinations. In [=SitcomLand=], it is usually either a DreamSequence (sometimes in the form of a WholePlotReference) after a character falls asleep in front of the TV, or a flashback told by an older relative about the characters' [[IdenticalGrandson identical ancestors]]. It's also a popular type of AlternateUniverseFic.

See also CostumeDrama, SomethingCompletelyDifferent.

Note: In theater, the term exclusively means "a person who makes costumes." You wouldn't call a play a costumer (unless it was about [[https://www.google.com/search?q=edith+head Edith Head]]), you'd call it a "period play."



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* The "Boss Luffy" {{Filler}}s in ''Manga/OnePiece'', which takes all the LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters of the series and place them in a setting that's reminicent of ancient Japan.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In ''GIJoe vs The Franchise/{{Transformers}} II,'' some Transformers are cast back in time to the 1970s and 1930s, acquiring period vehicle modes.
* ''Kitty's Fairy Tale'', a reimagining of the Comicbook/XMen in an Literature/ArabianNights-esque bedside story.
* In the ''ComicBook/YoungJustice 80'' Page Giant, a RealityWarper reimagines the team into a WildWest setting and a UsefulNotes/WorldWarII epic, among other things.
* Another RealityWarper did the same thing to New York City in an [[Comicbook/XMen X-Men]] story.
* Many of Creator/DCComics' ''{{Elseworld}}s'' stories are like this, notably ''Justice Riders'' (the JLI in TheWildWest).

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* Unlike their cartoon counterparts, ''WesternAnimation/MrPeabodyAndSherman'' (as well as Penny) wear appropriate period clothing when needed to be while in the past.

* In the children's book series ''Literature/TheMagicTreehouse'', the two main leads, Jack and Annie get teleported to various locales and time periods throughout history. In most adventures, after they're finished warping, they find themselves in appropriate clothing of the time. When they went to ancient Rome, they wore togas. When they went to the North Pole, they had fur coats. And so on.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/TheDickVanDykeShow'': Rob has an Wild West dream while having dental work done.
* ''Theatre/TheOddCouple'': Felix tells the story of how his and Oscar's fathers knew each other in the 1920s.
* ''Series/HappyDays'' was a repeat offender, going back to such times as the First Thanksgiving, Prohibition and the Cunninghams' immigrant ancestors (it was a musical episode, too).
* ''Series/GilligansIsland'': Pretty much all of the "dream" episodes.
* ABC once had sort of a "''[[http://www.poobala.com/timeball.html time travel night]]''", with the cast of ''Series/SabrinaTheTeenageWitch'' superimposed over the 1970s and the cast of ''Series/BoyMeetsWorld'' in World War II.
* ''Series/RedDwarf''
** An interesting example where Kryten's struggle with a complex computer virus is shown as a Western with him cast as the drunk sheriff. The others eventually go in and help him as Western heroes. Related to the trope below, because in the beginning, Lister is playing a total immersion video game in the style of ''Film Noir''.
** Another notable example is "Creator/JaneAusten World", which is exactly what it sounds like. Except for Kryten arriving to break things up with a ''T-55 tank''.
** "Entering the King Arthur simulation with a book of cheats and attempting to seduce the queen of Camelot?! I haven't been this embarrased since my groinal box fell into mister Rimmer's soup!
* The third season finale of ''Series/NorthernExposure'' was a WholeEpisodeFlashback to the founding of Cecily.
* ''Series/ThePrisoner'' episode "Living in Harmony" is another Western-themed {{Costumer}}.
* Variation in the ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' episode "Halloween": Thanks to magic, the characters literally become the figures whom they dress up as -- Buffy is a young 18th century aristocrat, Xander is a soldier, and Willow is a ghost.
* ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys'' and ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess'' were rather infamous for having episodes set in the show's future (our past, natch), starring [[IdenticalGrandson identical descendants]] or equally-identical {{Spiritual Successor}}s of the title characters.
* Let me count the Franchise/{{Star Trek}}s:
** ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'': Not counting the times they were actually on another planet dressed as Nazis (a demented social experiment by an Earth scientist) or Gangsters (inspired by [[AliensStealCable a textbook on Prohibition]] which some yahoo left behind on the planet), the [=TOS=] Ur-example is "City On The Edge Of Forever", though the Depression-era costumes were deliberately ''not'' gorgeous.
** ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' had "Time's Arrow", a two-parter set in post-Civil War America; the episode where Q made the crew dress up in tights and act out Robin Hood; Data's holodeck adventures as Literature/SherlockHolmes (see page image); and the Dixon Hill holodeck stories (see below).
*** And the episode "A Fistful of Datas" featured Troi, Worf, Alexander, and of course Data in a holo-recreation of TheWildWest.
** ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' had Bashir's James Bond holofantasies, the Ferengis visiting [[RoswellThatEndsWell 1947]], a holo-1963 where [[LoungeLizard Vic Fontaine]] lived, Sisko's vision of [[Recap/StarTrekDeepSpaceNineS06E13FarBeyondTheStars life as a black science-fiction writer in the 1950s]]; and of course, the Tribble episode, where the Gorgeous Period they visited ''was the Original Series''.
--->'''Dax:''' ''(petting a TOS-era tricorder which is bigger than her head)'' I used to have one of these! I ''love'' [[{{Zeerust}} classic 23rd century designs]].
** ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' had the [[TwoFistedTales pulp-inspired]] ''Film/TheAdventuresOfCaptainProton'', WWII Occupied France with Alien Nazis (just roll with it), an Irish village where the crew goes to unwind, and ''Literature/{{Beowulf}}'' on the holodeck. The actual time-travel "period piece" ep is a subversion, as the period was today, so they probably gave the costumers the day off and went to work in casual clothes.
*** Then when the Q Continuum got into a civil war and Voyager's crew got pulled into it, the Q's universe was dressed up as ''the American Civil War'' because its real appearance would have been [[AFormYouAreComfortableWith too much for mortals to take]]. And Q is playing a Union Captain, despite being the guy who seceded from the Continuum and triggered the whole grisly war in the first place. But then, John [=DeLancie=] dressed up as a Confederate officer probably would not play well.
** ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise'' had Alien Nazis. Again. Although that time, they were alien Nazis on Earth, working with ''actual'' Nazis.
*** They also did a "time travel to the present day" episode. Same effect as Voyager.
*** And then there was the episode with T'Pol's [[IdenticalGrandson Identical Foremother]] being stranded on Earth during TheFifties.
* ''Series/MacGyver1985'':
** Had several dream episodes set in TheWildWest town of Serenity. Cue [[ReverseFunnyAneurysm chuckles]] from ''{{Series/Firefly}}'' fans.
** The two part episode where Mac found himself back in a pseudo medieval Scotland, primarily to set up TheReveal of Mac's first name. [[spoiler: It's Angus.]]
* A season-two episode of ''PowerRangers'' had the Pink Ranger teleported back to the Wild West, where she met the predictably-dressed identical ancestors of the rest of the team; when they got Ranger powers, their Ranger suits were largely the same, but featured scarves/bandanas, fringe on the gloves, and restyled boots.
* ''Series/SuddenlySusan'' also went back to the Wild West.
* ''Series/WalkerTexasRanger'': Continuing with the Wild West, Cordell Walker would tell stories about Hayes Cooper, one of the first Texas Rangers, and would imagine Cooper looking very much like himself.
* While they've never done full episodes, ''Series/HowIMetYourMother'' has featured such scenes in at least two episodes. In ''The Goat'', when we learn how Barnabus Stinson came to write the Bro Code, and twice in ''the Sexless Innkeeper'' when Barney and Ted recite their poems.
** Also happened in "The Broath" and "Desperation Day", both set in Ancient Rome.
* ''Series/ILoveLucy'' did this once. As to be expected, Lucy's dream is full of CrowningMomentofFunny.
* Not counting the [[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0531116/ 1920's "Charleston dance" outfits]] or the Pilgrim outfits for the [[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0769860/ silent school film]] (beause every family has outfits like these just for fun), [[Series/TheBradyBunch Bobby Brady]] had a dream where his family lived [[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0531075/ back in the late 1800's]] and was on board a train being robbed by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_James Jesse James]].
** Don't forget when they wore period clothing when they [[https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=brady+bunch+pie+fight&view=detail&mid=D08718BD3677C5FD9477D08718BD3677C5FD9477&FORM=VIRE got to be in a Keystone Kop silent movie]] which was part of a studio tour. [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WYWCpFDToi4 Don't you wish your family was more like theirs]]?
* Speaking of studio tours, the cast of [[http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Series/DiffrentStrokes Diff'rent Strokes]] also got to wear period clothing (Wild West, Keystone Kop, and others) while they too were [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUd0sXLAiE0 in an studio tour audience participation movie]]. This was [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZTkrulL-NE actually based on]] an actual [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Hc4adNhqYY studio tour audience]] participation movie [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxP9V0s5BDI that Universal]] used to [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=90SGz3sPIM8 have back]] in the [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76RCMClJLIM 70's - 80's]].
* ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'', trying to get their bar recognized as a historical site, told the story of colonial days, and how their [[IdenticalGrandson Identical Ancestors]] cracked the Liberty Bell.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'': There's a few examples during William Hartnell's tenure, as he often visited historical periods where monsters weren't a problem and the only alien was he himself - a conceit (known as "pure historicals" in fandom) abandoned afterwards:
** "The Aztecs", where Barbara gets mistaken for the Aztec god Yetaxa. Susan trains as an Aztec priest, Ian as an Aztec warrior, the Doctor gets an AccidentalEngagement to a local woman and Barbara starts trying to manipulate the civilisation's politics. Not too much in the way of GorgeousPeriodDress apart from Barbara's absolutely awesome god ensemble.
** In "The Romans", the cast has been living as ancient Romans for several months before the story begins, so they're all very integrated in the time period, know how to act and dress the part, and how to live the Roman lifestyle. The result of this is that the drama they get involved in doesn't have the usual element of trying aggressively to blend in and disguise that they are time travellers - the plot concentrates on their attempt to get out of the time period by manipulating the social roles they've ended up in (Barbara as a house slave, Ian as a gladiator, the Doctor as a WanderingMinstrel with his adopted granddaughter Vicki).
** "The Crusades" has a lot of medieval CostumePorn, with the entire cast dressing up, Vicki getting both a girl's and a [[SweetPollyOliver boy's]] outfit throughout the story, Ian getting knighted and swordfighting the Saracens...
** DeconstructiveParody in "The Gunfighters", where Steven and Dodo dress in gaudy wild-west costumes and start affecting incredibly bad American accents, with the result that everyone from the real time period thinks they're insane. The Doctor, who sticks with his conventional English accent, blends in perfectly simply by adding a cowboy hat. [[GoneHorriblyRight In fact, a bit too perfectly]] - he gets mistaken for Doc Holiday, who has a gang after him.
** "The Talons of Weng-Chiang" is a shameless example of this, as it attempts to {{pastiche}} Film/HammerHorror movies (particularly ''Film/TheTerrorOfTheTongs'') and Franchise/SherlockHolmes at the same time. Both the Doctor and Leela spend the whole story in GorgeousPeriodDress ([[MsFanservice oddly]], the Doctor's bohemian-Holmes {{Cosplay}} outfits being the most splendid) and the CostumeDrama production values are terrific. It's one of the best-looking episodes of the Classic series ever made... [[SpecialEffectFailure apart from that horrible giant rat]].
--->'''Tom Baker''': The BBC is very good at period drama but not very good at giant rats.
* Not a whole episode, but in an episode of ''Series/{{Hustle}}'', there was a flashback about a financial criminal at the beginning of the 20th century, in the style of a Charlie Chaplin silent movie. The criminal was "played" by protagonist Mickey Stone, with clothes and hair like Chaplin.
* ''Series/{{Smallville}}'' did it twice: once in a flashback to the early 60s, and once later when Jimmy was dreaming a FilmNoir scenario.

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* ''Animation/{{Pucca}}'' has episodes consisting of episodes where the entire cast is in the Wild West, or in Canada, or Holland, or even in ancient Greece.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/{{Narbonic}}'' has a long-running Sunday feature involving Victorian versions of the characters and an Edgar-Rice-Burroughs-esque space travel plot.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' episode "Roswell That Ends Well" had Fry donning army fatigues to avoid suspicion in 1947... and the Professor in a 30s zoot suit and Leela in a 50s poodle skirt. Though not the first time at all, there was the time they dressed up as robots in "Fear of a Bot Planet".
* An episode of ''WesternAnimation/DarkwingDuck'' starts off on the high seas and details the exploits of the good Pirate Darkwing Dubloon.
* This happens twice in ''WesternAnimation/KimPossible''. The season 2 finale that has a dream sequence involving most of the major characters a century ago in GenerationXerox. Then we have the fourth season Cap'n Drakken where a school camp takes place at a recreation of 17th century, where everyone has to dress and act the part so there can be an excuse for the ''Franchise/PiratesoftheCaribbean'' ShoutOut.
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' released made-for-DVD parodies of each movie in the original ''Franchise/StarWars'' trilogy with Chris as Luke, Peter as Han, Stewie as Darth Vader, etc.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' Season 9 episodes had the time-traveling Smurfs automatically dress up in clothes that are appropriate for the time period and/or geographical location that they enter.

!!NoirEpisode Examples:

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/NYPDBlue'' (in a reviled episode)
* ''Series/MarriedWithChildren''
* ''Series/FamilyMatters'' "Farewell, My Laura." Steve writes a short story about himself as the hard-boiled detective Johnny Danger.
* ''Series/StepByStep''
* ''Series/{{Jesse}}''
* ''Series/{{Moonlighting}}'': "The Dream Sequence Always Rings Twice" (FilmNoir) and "Atomic Shakespeare" ([[CaptainObvious take a guess]])
* ''Series/SmallWonder'' (Jamie's videotaped book report)
* ''Series/HappyDays'' (During the post-Shark Jump years, Richie & the gang remember a story about the Cunningham family, featuring the gang in, of course, period 20s gangster dress, with Richie as an inquisitive DA, and the Fonz as the head gangster.)
* ''Series/BoyMeetsWorld''
* ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' (Dixon Hill)
* ''Series/{{Smallville}}''
* ''Series/LoisAndClark'' did this in the episode Fly Hard, as terrorists try and break into the Daily Planet Perry recites the story of gangsters where the newspaper now stands. Clark, Lois, Perry, Lex and Jimmy play the part of mobsters and corrupt cops during the flashback sequences.
* ''Series/BlueHeelers'' has a story of an old film fan who may have come across old crooks. The end credits has the actors dress as old cops, gangsters and dames to a 1930s rag time version of the theme song.
* Film Noir detective is one of the options for the Camden Lock's interrogation simulator in the ''Series/{{Hyperdrive}}'' episode "Convoy". In fact, most of the options use literary or film detectives as the interrogators.
* The ''Series/{{Fringe}}'' episode "Brown Betty," from season two. Walter Bishop smokes some special dope, and then entertains Olivia's niece Ella by telling her a story in which Olivia is a hard-boiled private detective in a world of AnachronismStew (a 1940s/1950s aesthetic, but with mobile phones and computers).

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'' in the episode "Finding Mary McGuffin" has this. After watching their father's old Film Noir movies, Phineas and Ferb decide to find Candace's lost doll using that style. They also parody other detective movies and shows. Lampshaded when an old man they are questioning says, "Aren't you a little young to know all these detective shows." and Phineas says "[[{{Catchphrase}} Yes. Yes we]] (''puts sunglasses on'') [[{{Catchphrase}} are.]]

!!WholePlotReference Examples:

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/WhatsHappening'' and ''Fame: the TV Series'' both had characters who got hit on the head and imagined themselves in ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz''.
* ''Series/{{Moonlighting}}'' had a NoFourthWall episode, where a fan of the show is forced to do his homework instead of watching the latest episode of the show, so he reads "The Taming of the Shrew", but imagines it with the cast of Moonlighting.
* ''Series/MarriedWithChildren'' had the entire cast playing out the roles of characters in a bodice-ripper romance novel. (With Steve Rhodes cameo-ing as a singing pirate who likes to torture people with Gilbert and Sullivan songs.)

* This has been done so often with ''Literature/AChristmasCarol'' that it has [[YetAnotherChristmasCarol its own trope]].

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' had an episode like the ''Series/MarriedWithChildren'' example , as well, with Ned Flanders playing the role of the "manly man" to Homer's {{jerkass}} love rival. This has happened again with the episode "Tales from the Public Domain", three stories which involve the characters in familiar old works.