->''[[TakeThat Is it any wonder that Commodore sells more computers than IBM and Apple combined]]?''

The Commodore 64 was, at one point, the best-selling single ([[{{PC98}} non]] [[SharpX68000 Japanese]]) computer system of all time, with 17 million sold.[[note]]There are, obviously, ''millions'' more IBM-style Intel-centric [=PCs=] made, but they featured a dizzying array of varieties and even self-built systems; the C64 was a single, packaged unit like an {{NES}}.[[/note]] It was released in 1982 as a low-end computer comparable to the {{Apple II}} and the Atari8BitComputers, following on their earlier VIC20 system. It was as cheap as the {{Atari 2600}} and is, paradoxically, considered one of the finest personal computing devices ever built... and partially to blame for TheGreatVideoGameCrashOf1983.

The system was remarkably powerful for the price. The original design was for an ArcadeGame board, and the C64 therefore had unusually good color graphics, sprite support, and sound compared to its competitors. It also had an operating system contained entirely in ROM, meaning that there was close to nothing (shy of physically damaging the hardware) that could corrupt the system, making it a hacker's dream machine. There was even a windowed operating environment with desktop publishing abilities available for it (GEOS), and some code genius even figured out how to do multitasking on it. It was also home of the Quantum Link online service, operated by the company that would become AOL.

However, the success of the Commodore 64 was also its downfall. Commodore couldn't discontinue it due to high demand in Europe, and most people in North America had moved on to the NintendoEntertainmentSystem for their gaming needs and the [[IBMPersonalComputer PC]] clones flooding the market for general computing by 1990. The C64's success also doomed every other Commodore 8-bit project, such as the MAX machine, the Educator 64, the C16, the Plus/4, the C128, the C64 Games System, and the C65.

The Commodore 64 was eventually discontinued in April 1994, when the company went bankrupt due to the now dated parts of the system being more expensive than what people paid for it. This is essentially what happens when YouFailEconomicsForever happens in RealLife. However, in April 2011, Commodore announced a [[ brand revival]] and is currently accepting preorders for new C64s. The new systems essentially combine the classic design with modern internals; they run the original C64 BIOS and present-day software.

Nowadays, Commodore 64 games are now being released for the {{Wii}}'s VirtualConsole. It's also one of the most popular platforms for the {{Demoscene}}. And a generation has learned to associate [[PublicDomainSoundtrack Bach's "Invention #13"]] with this system.

[[ And now it's available]] as an app for [[IOSGames iOS]].

Has its own [[YMMV/{{Commodore64}} YMMV page]].



[[folder: Processors ]]

* [[UsefulNotes/CentralProcessingUnit CPU]]: MOS 6510 (a modified 6502), ~1 [=MHz=]
* [[GraphicsProcessingUnit GPU]]: MOS VIC-II
* Sound: MOS SID


[[folder: Memory ]]

* 64K RAM


[[folder: Display ]]

* 160x200 or 320x200 bitmap graphics, 40x25 character graphics
* 16 colors
* 8 sprites per scanline
* Hardware scrolling


[[folder: Sound ]]

* 3 oscillators: Saw, triangle, square, and noise waveforms, 8 octave range, programmable envelopes
* High-pass, band-pass, and low-pass filters
* Ring modulators

!!Tropes associated with the Commodore 64:

* BrokenRecord: Try this command:
--> 20 GOTO 10
--> RUN
* CoversAlwaysLie: If a game was also released for the vastly more advanced {{Amiga}}, screenshots on the box would inevitably be from that version.
* FridgeBrilliance: Computer viruses had begun to be a problem by the mid-80s. Because of its ROM-based system software and Commodore's decision to offload disk handling to the floppy drives, it was [[NighInvulnerability all but impossible]] to write a C64 virus.
* GoneHorriblyRight: The computer was so popular, Commodore couldn't cancel it, even after the disk drive became more expensive to manufacture than the C64 itself.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfLoading: The 1541 disk drive was notoriously slow. Just be grateful you didn't have to use a tape drive.
* LongRunner: Was sold from 1982 to 1994.
* KeepCirculatingTheTapes: the C-One computer (originally designed as a C64 clone by the self-trained [[WrenchWench Jeri Ellsworth]]), as well as the VICE emulator (the latter being the only way most people will ever be able to use the C65).
* SpiritualSuccessor: The brand is active again, but with modern components like an Intel Atom processor.
* TheMoralSubstitute: Like many other computer companies in TheEighties, Commodore marketed the C64 as an educational alternative to evil, brain-draining video game consoles that would wreck parents' dreams of their kids getting into college. Subverted: the machine actually had lots of great games, as the list below shows.
* TonkaTough: The operating system was in ROM, making it virtually impossible to corrupt.
** Averted by the C1541 floppy drive which could go out of alignment with a funny look. Every 1541 owner ever knows the "BRAAAAAP" noise of a misaligned drive.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: the C65 (a few prototypes of which got out into public hands when CBM was liquidated) was a huge step forward, but it still was only 8 bit, although it outperformed many 16-bit computers graphically. Also the parent company focused more on the Amiga system and the IBM PC clones.



[[folder: Original titles and Multi Platform games that started here: ]]

* ''4th & Inches''
* ''Adventure Construction Set''
* ''VideoGame/AvoidTheNoid''
* ''VideoGame/BarbarianTheUltimateWarrior''
* ''Below the Root''
* ''VideoGame/BoulderDash''
* The ''VideoGame/{{Dizzy}}'' series
* ''VideoGame/{{Elvira}}: Mistress of the Dark''
** ''Elvira II: The Jaws of Cerberus''
* ''Videogame/FridayThe13thTheComputerGame''
* ''Gateway to Apshai''
* ''VideoGame/TheGreatGianaSisters''
* ''VideoGame/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy''
* ''VideoGame/ImpossibleMission''
* ''VideoGame/{{Jumpman}}''
* ''Katakis''
* ''VideoGame/KingsBounty''
* ''The Last Ninja''
* ''VideoGame/LegacyOfTheAncients''
* ''VideoGame/LittleComputerPeople'', a precursor to ''VideoGame/TheSims''
* ''VideoGame/LodeRunner''
* ''VideoGame/ManiacMansion''
* ''VideoGame/MailOrderMonsters'', a precursor to ''Pokemon''
* The ''VideoGame/MontyMole'' series
** ''Wanted: Monty Mole''
** ''Monty on the Run''
** ''Auf Wiedersehen Monty''
** ''Impossamole''
* ''VideoGame/{{Nebulus}}''
* ''[[VideoGame/ANightmareOnElmStreetPC A Nightmare on Elm Street]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Paradroid}}''
* ''VideoGame/PinballConstructionSet''
* ''VideoGame/ProjectFirestart''
* ''Reach for the Stars''
* ''VideoGame/RickDangerous''
* ''VideoGame/SidMeiersPirates''
* ''VideoGame/SimCity''
* ''Skate or Die''
* ''VideoGame/{{Spelunker}}''
* ''Super Pipeline''
* ''VideoGame/TestDrive''
* ''VideoGame/TheSimpsonsBartVsTheSpaceMutants''
* ''VideoGame/{{Turrican}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Wasteland}}''
* ''The Way of the Exploding Fist''
* ''VideoGame/ZakMcKrackenAndTheAlienMindbenders''


[[folder: Ports ]]

* ''VideoGame/AlienSyndrome''
* ''VideoGame/AlternateReality''
* ''VideoGame/{{Archon}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Athena}}''
* ''VideoGame/BadDudes''
* ''VideoGame/TheBardsTaleTrilogy''
* ''VideoGame/BattleChess''
* ''VideoGame/BombJack''
** ''Mighty Bomb Jack''
* ''VideoGame/BubbleBobble''
* ''VideoGame/BuckRogersPlanetOfZoom''
* ''VideoGame/CastleWolfenstein''
* ''VideoGame/ChipsChallenge''
* ''VideoGame/ChuckieEgg''
* ''VideoGame/{{Commando}}''
* ''VideoGame/CrushCrumbleAndChomp''
* ''VideoGame/DarkCastle''
* ''VideoGame/DavidsMidnightMagic''
* ''VideoGame/{{Defender}}''
* ''VideoGame/DefenderOfTheCrown''
* ''VideoGame/DoubleDragon''
** ''VideoGame/{{Double Dragon 1}}''
* ''VideoGame/DynamiteDux''
* ''VideoGame/{{Elite}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{ESWAT}}''
* ''VideoGame/ForgottenWorlds''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gauntlet}}''
* ''VideoGame/GhostHunters''
* ''VideoGame/GhostsNGoblins''
* ''VideoGame/GoldenAxe''
* ''Gunship''
* ''VideoGame/HelterSkelter''
* ''[[VideoGame/TheHobbit1982 The Hobbit]]''
* ''VideoGame/IkariWarriors''
* ''VideoGame/{{Jackal}}''
* ''VideoGame/KidNikiRadicalNinja''
* ''VideoGame/KungFuMaster''
* ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfKage''
* ''VideoGame/MacadamBumper''
* ''VideoGame/{{Miner 2049er}}''
** ''Bounty Bob Strikes Back!''
* ''VideoGame/{{MULE}}''
* ''VideoGame/NetherEarth''
* ''VideoGame/OperationWolf''
** ''Operation Thunderbolt''
* ''VideoGame/{{Pang}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Paperboy}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Pit-Fighter}}''
* ''Film/{{Platoon}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Popeye}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Prince of Persia|1}}'' (unofficial port released in 2012)
* ''VideoGame/PsychoSoldier''
* ''VideoGame/RasterBlaster''
* ''RedStormRising''
* ''VideoGame/RescueOnFractalus''
* ''VideoGame/RiverRaid''
* ''VideoGame/{{Robotron 2084}}''
* ''VideoGame/RodLand''
* ''VideoGame/{{R-Type}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Rygar}}''
* ''VideoGame/ShadowOfTheBeast''
* ''VideoGame/TheSimpsons''
* ''VideoGame/SlySpy''
* ''VideoGame/SmashTV''
* ''VideoGame/SolomonsKey''
* ''VideoGame/SpaceHarrier''
* ''VideoGame/SpyHunter''
* ''VideoGame/StarControl''
* ''VideoGame/StreetFighterII''
* ''VideoGame/{{Toki}}''
* ''VideoGame/TrackAndField''
* ''Franchise/{{Ultima}}'' series:
** ''VideoGame/UltimaI''
** ''VideoGame/UltimaII''
** ''VideoGame/UltimaIII''
** ''VideoGame/UltimaIV''
** ''VideoGame/UltimaV''
** ''VideoGame/UltimaVI''
* ''VideoGame/{{Vigilante}}''
* ''VideoGame/WeirdDreams''
* ''VideoGame/WizardOfWor''
* ''VideoGame/YieArKungFu''
* ''VideoGame/{{Zaxxon}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Zork}}''