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[[quoteright:336:[[Film/AlexanderNevsky http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/rsz_85167155_p_8828.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:336: It may be efficient now, but you know you've got a problem when the champion's champions start picking champions.]]

->''"You know, Dick, if I had my way, I'd meet Rommel face to face; him in his tank and me in mine. We'd meet out there somewhere... salute each other, maybe drink a toast, then we'd button up and do battle. The winner would decide the outcome of the entire war."''
-->-- '''General George S. Patton''', ''Film/{{Patton}}''

There's a dispute, and you ''could'' have your armies go at each other and kill a lot of people and cause a lot of damage -- but really, wouldn't it just be simpler all around if two soldiers fought? (Or [[CompetitiveBalance two small, numerically identical groups]]?)

Obviously, if the other side is evil, you consent only if EvenEvilHasStandards, because you [[IGaveMyWord must trust their word]], and it's not unknown for a battle to break out anyway, but sometimes it works. LetsFightLikeGentlemen is often expected. And, of course, ThisIsSomethingHesGotToDoHimself.

May be an InvoluntaryBattleToTheDeath between {{Worthy Opponent}}s.

If the champion says GiveMeASword, he is sure to get one.

Also known as single combat, but covers only those fights where the two people fighting are deliberately selected from many. If it's only single combat because potential allies ''can't'' take part, see LockedOutOfTheFight instead. Contrast LeaveHimToMe.

Compare DuelsDecideEverything, TrialByCombat, WorthyOpponent. Could be part of the rules of ChallengingTheChief. May result in a DecapitatedArmy if the fight is to the death.

For a realistic example of political tension manifesting in competitive sports, see InternationalShowdownByProxy.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* This was done to avoid bloodshed in ''Manga/{{Basilisk}}'': Two rival {{Ninja}} clans fighting with several selected representatives on behalf of the Ieyasu brothers to see who earns the title of the shogun (based on an 20th-century Japanese novel).
* Franchise/{{Gundam}}:
** In ''Anime/MobileFighterGGundam'', the Gundam Fight is a tournament that the space colonies use as a substitute for war, each colony sending one Gundam fighter to represent them.
** Defied in ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing''. When Treize challenges Zechs to a duel to decide the outcome of the titanic battle that is about to start, Zechs refuses, claiming that the nature of the conflict is too serious to be resolved by a single duel.
** Defied in ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamIronBloodedOrphans'' when Carta Issue attempts to stop Tekkadan by challenging them to a duel. When she and her bodyguards lower their weapons and step out of their mobile suits to show that the challenge is made in good faith, [[CombatPragmatist Mikazuki]] promptly takes the opportunity to [[ExtremeMeleeRevenge crush every last one them while they're defenseless]] as a RoaringRampageOfRevenge for [[spoiler: Biscuit]].
* The reason behind the existence of the LightNovel/{{Kampfer}}s.
* Occurs on a small scale in the "Twins' Guards" episode of ''Anime/GunXSword'': a town split into two factions hires Van and Ray to fight each other. The fight is supposed to settle a dispute over an inheritance without further loss of lives of the warring townspeople.
* War between the two main nations of ''Anime/LastExile'' usually takes this format. A bunch of {{Red Shirt}}s with muskets line up and shoot at one another from a single ship; whoever has the most survivors is declared the winner of the battle. Only if the results are inconclusive does a full naval battle begin.
* The Otome system in ''Mai-Otome'' works this way in both the [[Anime/MaiOtome anime]] and [[Manga/MaiOtome manga]] continuities. An Otome is far more powerful than conventional military forces, and if she dies, so will the leader to whom she is contracted.
** In the manga, the dispute between Cardair and the Aswad is settled by having Akira fight Arika, but this is interrupted when Natsuki intervenes and forces the duel to stop.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Medabots}}'' episode "Ban All Medabots", a bunch of medabots attacked the school the main characters attend and the students got their medabots to defend it. During the fight, Rokusho showed up, told them an all-on-all battle would get too many people hurt and suggested each side should pick one to represent them. They agreed.
* In ''Manga/PopcornAvatar'', the war between the Asura and the Deva proceeds with both sides using "avatars," normal humans they choose to bestow their powers, to fight their battles.
* In ''Manga/BananaFish'', Ash faces his traitorous lieutenant Arthur in one-on-one combat, in order to prevent a long and bloody gang war.
* In ''Anime/TheHeroicLegendOfArslan'', Shindrian King issued a DuelToTheDeath between his two sons who were fighting for the throne. However, a proxy was allowed and Rajendra chose Daryun and Gadevi chose Bahadur.
* In ''Manga/{{Trigun}}'', when bandits attack a landship with the intent of driving it into a canyon with all souls onboard, in order to crack open the safe at the heart of the ship, Vash is the only one who can put up a significant resistance. The bandit leader wants to fight him, and he wants to stop the ship in time, so they agree to a duel, with the victor deciding the fate of the vessel.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''The Travelers'':
** This is actually how all of the kingdoms prefer to do battle, because of the terrible consequences of war. Unfortunately a false champion results in war anyway.
** Then oddly subverted at the end, when the real champion challenges EVERYONE in the opposing armies to single combat to decide the war. No-one calls him on this, and his friends are amazed that he managed to bluff so many people.
* ''ComicBook/XWingSeries Battleground'': In Tatooine, the Rogues and some Imperials both want a smuggler, and the smuggler's relative has been well-bribed by both sides and can't decide who to hand the smuggler over to. The Rogues are smallish pilots, the Imperials are enormous seasoned troopers, so there's no truly fair form of combat. So two from each side are armed with a BladeOnAStick, allowed to inflict non-lethal injuries, and told to compete to reach a specific goal. This [[http://img407.imageshack.us/img407/3103/blz13.jpg still]] favors the Imperial troopers, and they win, but ultimately it doesn't matter.
* Angel tries to do this to the Demon Lords of Los Angeles in ''[[Series/{{Angel}} Angel After The Fall]]'' -- just him against all their champions (including a ''TyrannosaurusRex''). His friends step in when it seems clear he's getting his ass kicked, and from there it basically turns into a free for all.
* Happens in one storyline of ''ComicBook/TheLegendOfZelda'' comics, when Link has to defend the Queen of his homeland of Calatia against a would-be usurper.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Scion}}'', the Heron and Raven kingdoms have fought for generations. 200 years prior to the start of the series, the kingdoms' fleets fought at sea and were caught in a storm that washed the combatants onto an island. The fleet commanders fought mano-a-mano while their comrades watched. Neither individual would yield, though. Eventually they agreed to call a truce, not only to their fight, but to the war itself. The island eventually hosted an annual ritualistic combat tournament between the kingdoms to replace actual combat and to keep the peace. It's in this tournament that Ethan and Bron meet for the first time, in head-to-head competition.
* The Archie ''ComicBook/SonicTheHedgehog'' series has this in the backstory. After the Great War had ground into a bloody stalemate, Robotnik convinced King Acorn to challenge the [[HumansAreBastards Overlander]] leader to a duel, [[BatmanGambit figuring that King Acorn would easily win, and that the Overlanders would pull a fast one, leaving him to rule.]] He was actually right, but Acorn's own bodyguards were smart enough to not trust the villains and [[SpannerInTheWorks held the other Overlanders at gunpoint until after their people had surrendered.]]
* Franchise/{{Superman}}:
** A [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver]][=/=][[UsefulNotes/TheBronzeAgeOfComicBooks Bronze]] Franchise/{{Superman}} comic featured one of these as part of Krypton's history. In its early days, the planet didn't rotate in the right fashion to support life, so the two largest Kryptonian tribes each selected a champion to decide who would have access to the last bits of food and water. During the fight, their weapons got tangled in a way that helped them discover a means of altering the planet's rotation, thus turning the planet into a paradise.
** In the second Superman comic ''ever'' the Man of Steel ends a war in South America by abducting the chief general of both sides and ordering them to settle the issue between themselves. [[spoiler:At which point it gets revealed that neither side has anything against the other and the war was started by munitions companies to up their sales. The generals shake hands and the war ends.]]
** In ''ComicBook/SupermanAndBatmanGenerations'', two Epsilon Eridaniites are looking for a suitable champion among the two they have seen on Earth -- Superman and Batman -- to help defeat the Borta, and enlist the aid of the World's Finest nuisances, Mxyzptlk and Bat-Mite, to test both of them out. However, to ensure that it would be a fair fight, Mxyzptlk must test out Batman while Bat-Mite tests out Superman. Eventually, the heroes convince the Eridaniites to choose Mxyzptlk and Bat-Mite to be their champions instead.
** In ''Superman VS UsefulNotes/MuhammadAli'', an alien race offers to pit their greatest champion against Earth's, winner take all. To decide Earth's champion, Superman and Muhammad Ali had to face each other in a ring with red sunlight lamps to take away Superman's powers and make it fair. After Ali won, he faced the alien's champion in the ring. Ali won, but the aliens dishonorably tried to invade Earth anyway, only for Superman to reveal he anticipated their treachery and sabotaged their fleet.
** In another Bronze Age story, ComicBook/{{Supergirl}} is chosen by the ruler of planet Liquel II to be her champion:
--->'''Glynix:''' We must hurry, Supergirl! If we're not inside the circle of combat by the time the contest is to begin, the aggressor's champion will win by default!\\
'''Supergirl:''' Contest?\\
'''Glynix:''' Yes, a contest to determine whether my mate and I continue to rule the planet, or the aggressor named Zogg gains the throne! The League of Galaxies long ago decreed that anyone who wishes to replace another ruler cannot do so by waging war... He must select a single warrior... and my mate and I must do the same...
* Near the end of ''Archangels: The Saga'', the BigBad challenges God's decree that the human soul he's been trying to damn has been taken out of his reach forever. God responds to this challenge is by summoning Michael the Archangel to battle the BigBad in a one-on-one fight. [[spoiler:Michael and the Demon's base powers are evenly matched, but when they each draw on the power of their master (God for Michael; Lucifer for the Demon), Michael ends up winning because ''his'' master is the stronger of the two]].
* In a Creator/CarlBarks story, the Duckburg branch of the Junior Woodchucks and the Goosetown branch participated against each other in several events. After the last event, each branch had an equal number of victories and it was decided their instructors would decide the competition's winning branch by having a boxing match against each other. Unfortunately, the Duckburg branch's instructor wasn't available and DonaldDuck had to be their stand-in.
* In an ''Comicbook/{{ABC Warriors}}'' {{flashback}} story, the UN passes a resolution that all international wars be settled by a duel to the death between the leaders of the nations in question.
* in ''[[ComicBook/{{Swordquest}} Swordquest: Waterworld]],'' one is used to settle a fight between the air-breathers and the [[OurMermaidsAreDifferent Aqualanians.]]
* This is how a civil war between two halves of a Gaulish village is settled in ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}} and the Great Divide''. Melodrama convinces her father Majestix to stop dragging the villagers into his fight with Cleverdix and just duke it out one-on-one with him. After the match ends in yet another stalemate, Cleverdix and Majestix start to see the error of their ways, and Asterix convinces the villagers to make Cleverdix's son Histrionix the new chief.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Occurs in ''Roleplay/ADragonOfTheNorth'', when Jon Snow challenges the seasoned Vale tribal leader Wulf to single combat, to prevent Brynden's army and the mountain tribe from clashing. Jon is twelve at the time, albeit already a MagicKnight.
* Subverted in ''ComicBook/PowerGirl'' fanfic ''Fanfic/AForceOfFour''. Kara and the Amazons are being trounced by the Kryptonians, so Diana requests a duel between her and Badra. [[WarGod Mars]] allows it but Franchise/WonderWoman has to abide by ''his'' rules and with no guarantees of being spared even if she wins.
-->'''Wonder Woman:''' One there is who has not joined the battle. The one who proclaims herself your greatest ally. She, whose lust for my death is matched only by your own. She, who has not suffered the battering I have today and earlier, at her own hands. I challenge her to single combat. Upon the outcome of which our lives—and those of my mother, daughter, and Kara, and the people of Earth—will depend. Only stay the men from fighting me or my allies. That is what I propose.\\
'''Badra:''' You are insane, Amazon. Mars has no need to make bargains with you. You have no power here...\\
'''Mars:''' Silence. Since the days of the great war on your sphere, Amazon, you have frustrated me. With the power of Conquest, Greed, and Deception I opposed you and Aphrodite's other whores. Yet did you frustrate me. And, though my work on Earth has prospered in various places... though your ‘peace' has been shattered across your world, time and again... the nation in which you dwell has remained unconquered, and untyrannic. This has caused me pain. Great pain. I will allow you this much. I will allow my agent to battle you, should she wish to do so. I will keep both my allies and yours separate from both of you. But I make no bargains about the reward. All that will be done is to give you a chance to revenge yourself on your tormentress... to allow her a chance to kill you... and to afford myself a better spectacle. Well? What say you?
* Defied in ''Fanfic/KyonBigDamnHero''. After a week of trashing {{Yakuza}}, culminating on [[CurbStompBattle Kyon, Tsuruya and Yuki fighting 20+ men]] [[ConservationOfNinjutsu in favor of the]] [[NominalImportance named characters]], Kyon and Tsuruya managed to convince {{Yakuza}} boss Masao not to end everything in CombatByChampion. After all, nobody was dead and the only thing Tsuruya wants is a photo Masao's men have from her while changing clothes deleted before it reaches the Internet.
* In ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' fic ''[[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/5315107/1/Small-medium-large-headache Small Medium. Large Headache]]'', a magical incursion involving the Dungeon Dimensions forces Captain Carrot to fight a powerful magician as The Walker and Champion of His People.
* [[http://shiloh.tvheaven.com/hall.html This]] ''{{Series/Emergency}}'' series has one that's partly this. Johnny and Chet are bitten and become cat shifters. Brackett is a member of an old, well-respected shifter family, and when his sister and Chet pledge themselves to be married, he isn't happy with her marrying a 'brought-in'. So he demands the Right of Combat and battles a champion chosen by her. If he wins, the marriage is off, but if her champion wins, he must accept it. She picks Johnny, hoping Kel will forfeit rather than battle a friend, but as it's not to the death, only to first pin, Kel goes ahead with it. Johnny wins in the end and the marriage goes ahead.
* In ''Fanfic/TheLegendOfTotalDramaIsland'', Eva exploits a momentary lull in the dodgeball match to step forward and challenge any comer to single combat. Subverted when Leshawna accepts the challenge and her trash talk leads to an offer of friendship, so the duel does not take place. [[note]]Based on a scene in ''Literature/TheIliad'' where Diomedes and Glaucus meet for single combat, only to discover that [[SacredHospitality old ties of friendship]] between their houses prevent them from fighting.[[/note]]
* Cecelia and Hanse duel in their Battlemechs in ''Fanfic/RidingTheDragon'' over the division of spoils from the Halstead Station cache. They've already decided to divide it evenly but need to sell this to their respective followers so the duel is done entirely for the drama.
* ''Fandic/ABrighterDark'': Xander and Ryoma engage in this when their armies meet. [[spoiler: Though it turns out to be a distraction on the part of Xander, who knew that his army would lose against Ryoma's in a straight up battle, and wanted to use the duel as a cover up to get his people in a position where they could win. Ryoma's retainers catch on and interrupt it, however, so neither of them actually die.]]
* In the finale of ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer''/''ComicBook/{{Supergirl}}'' crossover ''Fanfic/TheVampireOfSteel'' it's Buffy, Supergirl and the Scooby Gang against an army of vampires and demons led by a ''Kryptonian'' vamp. In order to even the odds, Kara demands a duel. Zol-Am is forced to accept.
-->'''Zol-Am:''' With your death, the new era begins. Soldiers, destroy the guerillas. We’ll see which of us gets finished first.\\
'''Supergirl:''' Hold! Zol-Am... Personal Combat Challenge.\\
'''Random Demon:''' Say what?\\
'''Buffy:''' What’re you talking about?\\
'''Zol-Am:''' No combat till we have this sorted out. It is our law.\\
'''Random Vampire:''' Sir, beggin’ your pardon, but is this really a decision you wanna go through with? I mean, that’s just not the way things are done down here.\\
'''Supergirl:''' Let me explain, for those of you who weren’t born where we were. The Personal Combat Challenge is a form of military conduct that was implemented on Krypton. It allows a soldier to make a challenge to another soldier, regarding personal battle. If the challenge is accepted, nobody else can interfere in the fight. I’m challenging Zol-Am right here, right now. The rest of you, back off. Nobody on my side or your side will fight till we’re done. If your commander is too scared to face me one-on-one, I’ll understand.
* ''Fanfic/FateLongNight'': Since battles between gods would be catastrophic, to decide which god gets to rule over all creation, the Maiden, the Smith, the Warrior, the Father, the Mother, the Crone, and the Stranger resurrect mortals who embody their ideals and have them fight each other to the death in a battle royale, offering a wish to the winner as incentive.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/{{Troy}}'':
** The battle in the beginning, Boagrius is set to fight against Achilles, but dies within seconds.
** Subverted by Paris and Menelaus. Paris flees the fight and Hector interferes and kills Menelaus. The battle was pointless anyway, as pretty much everyone ''except Paris'' point out the invading army would attack whatever the outcome. Menelaus at least claims he's doing it to regain his honor, which was sullied when Paris took his wife.
* Film/{{Patton}} said he would have liked to duel with Rommel to decide the outcome of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII (but [[RuleOfCool with tanks, not pistols or swords]]).
* ''Film/RobotJox'' also has HumongousMecha fight instead of war.
* The gang war between the Jets and Sharks in ''Film/WestSideStory'' was to be decided by having a rumble between the two gangs. Tony manages to have the rumble settled via a "fair fight" between the best fighter from each gang, Ice from the Jets and Bernardo from the Sharks. It doesn't turn out so well for [[spoiler:Bernardo]].
* ''Film/TheRightStuff'' evokes this trope, but it's unique in that it describes (in painful detail) how many test pilots died in combat against an inanimate object, the sound barrier.
* Alice in Tim Burton's ''Film/AliceInWonderland2010'', against the Jabberwocky, the former on the White Queen's side and the latter on the Red Queen's. [[spoiler:And then the Mad Hatter intervenes and general melee ensues, armored cards on the red side, chess pieces and Alice's friends on the white side.]]
* ''Film/PrinceCaspian'' had Peter offering single combat against Miraz. He wounds Miraz, but lets Caspain decide Miraz's fate. Caspian spares Miraz, but one of his advisers kills Miraz with a Narnian arrow to make it look like Narnia cheated. In both the film and the book, the duel is actually a feint. Peter and Caspian know they can't defeat Miraz's army, and the duel is merely to distract Miraz (by challenging his honor) until Aslan arrives. In the book Peter doesn't give the choice to Caspian, but the advisers still kill Miraz and frame Peter for using "dirty tactics."
* At the end of ''Film/ThePostman'', General Bethlehem and The Postman decide the war by fighting each other. "Wouldn't it be great if wars could be fought just by the assholes who started them?" In [[Literature/ThePostman the book]] that would have been a hopeless fight as the Holnist leader was an [[SuperSoldier Augment]], instead the Postman's [[ReluctantWarrior reluctant ally]] George Powhatan (a [[MasterOfYourDomain second-generation]] Augment) fights him.
* ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'':
** In a way, ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanAtWorldsEnd''. Hundreds of pirate ships! Hundreds of EITC ships! Yet the battle is only disputed by one vessel of each side (the Black Pearl and the Flying Dutchman) -- the maelstrom is partially guilty for this, but...
** In ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanOnStrangerTides'', Jack actually suggests this between Barbossa and Blackbeard, but everyone ignores him and attacks each other anyway.
* In ''Film/FalconRising'', corrupt cop Santo tells a group of gun traffickers that he's arrested that if their best fighter beats his best fighter (his partner - Bororo) they will return the guns they confiscated, leave and never come back. Seeing as Bororo is played by [[Film/TomYumGoong Lateef]] [[Film/{{Tekken}} Crowder]], the fight ends like you'd expect.
* The premise of Hong Kong kung fu film ''Film/DuelToTheDeath'' is that every 10 years China and Japan send forth a single representative to fight a duel to fight over the honor and reputation of the two countries.

* In Creator/{{Homer}}'s ''Literature/{{Iliad}}'', Menelaus and Paris fight a duel, but Aphrodite spirits Paris away when he starts to get the worst of it. Later, Hector and Ajax, son of Telamon, duel all day to a draw, and exchange gifts afterward. Ultimately none of the duels fought during UsefulNotes/TheTrojanWar resolve anything.
* In Creator/CSLewis' ''Literature/TillWeHaveFaces'', Orual herself fights the neighboring prince over his brother, who had taken refuge in her kingdom. [[spoiler: Since she kills him, making his brother king, it does settle it.]]
* ''Literature/TheChroniclesOfNarnia'':
** Peter and King Miraz in C. S. Lewis' ''Literature/PrinceCaspian''. Some treacherous underlings on Miraz's side turn it into a battle.
** Later, in ''Literature/TheVoyageOfTheDawnTreader'', [[KnightInShiningArmour Reepicheep the mouse]] wants to challenge a ''dragon'' opposing to crew to single combat. Despite it comprising the entire enemy "side" in the anticipated battle. This kind of request from Reepicheep is apparently common enough for Caspian to predict it before Reepicheep has a chance to ask.
* In Creator/HilariBell's Farsala Trilogy, the commander of the Farsalan army offers a duel at the end of the book. Unfortunately for him, the Hrum commander cheats and just shoots him down in cold blood. He DOES agree to a duel at the end of the trilogy... but only because [[spoiler: he knows Sorhab doesn't exist. And when somebody DOES take him up on this offer, he still plans to cheat.]]
* In Creator/JamesSwallow's ''TabletopGame/Warhammer40000 Literature/BloodAngels'' novel ''Deus Sanguinius'', single combat is proposed as a test of whether Arkio really is Sanguinius reborn. Mephiston is about to accept when Rafen declares it his place, and Mephiston steps aside [[TheChosenOne for him]]. The Inquisitor Stele manages to turn it into a general battle, but Rafen still goes after Arkio [[spoiler:and defeats him]].
* ''Literature/TheStormlightArchive'': [[spoiler:Honor]] implies that Alethi can hope to win against [[spoiler:Odium]] only if he decides to choose a champion.
* The ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'' novel ''Wolves on the Border'' has the Kuritans fight a series of honour duels against Wolf's Dragoons in this manner rather than a full scale battle. At least to start with anyway.
** This is also a common part of Clan culture in that universe. Because of their emphasis on individual honor and glory, there's a strong tendency to keep forces as small as possible (while still achieving one's objectives, of course) and settle disputes in single combat between champions every so often. Perhaps the most famous example was Natasha Kerensky's bid to take the planet Gunzburg with a single warrior...
** In the short story "Three Points of Pride" a planet without an official garrison attempts to defend their world from Clan Ghost Bear in an American Football game. They lose 84 to 3 against the Clan's 2.5-meter tall Elementals.
* In Anne [=McAffrey's=] ''Dragonflight'', Leesa (rightful heir to Ruatha) maneuvers F'lar (a bronze dragonrider) into becoming this against the illicit Lord Fax. However, she ends up being the victim of her own scheme, in an unusual way.
* ''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms''. Most battles seem to be determined by duels fought between the commanders on opposite sides, as the winner's troops gain a morale boost and many of the defeated commander's troops would desert. Gan Ning is notable for shooting a challenger before the duel could commence.
* In the Creator/KatherineKurtz books:
** ''[[Literature/{{Deryni}} Deryni Rising]]'', Kelson responds to Charissa's challenge of his right to rule Gwyenedd by offering this form of combat. His Champion, Duke Alaric Morgan, defeats hers [[spoiler: the traitorous Lord Ian Howell]], but she and her wounded champion [[spoiler: contrive to injure Morgan afterwards]] and she issues a second direct challenge to Kelson.
** The ending of ''High Deryni'' involves Wencit of Torenth demanding a four-on-four duel arcane in the sight of the combined armies of Gwynedd and Torenth. Things do not go as planned.
** Years later in ''The King's Justice'', Sicard [=MacArdry=] asks for single with Kelson to end the war with the Mearans, and Kelson refuses.
* ''Literature/{{Redwall}}'':
** The climactic battles in the books ''Lord Brocktree'' and ''Salamandastron''. Both times it's done when the mountain is under siege by the vermin, and the Badger Lord offers to do the single-combat way to cut the war short and save his followers. Badger Lords are made for this trope, since they're honorable to a fault, but also really ''really'' hard to defeat.
** Also in ''Mattimeo,'' when Matthias fights the Wearet. Noteworthy for turning into a battle anyway when [[spoiler:Matthias lost.]]
* The reason that TheHero in ''Literature/TheBelgariad'' sets off with only two other main characters to fight the BigBad.
* The cannibals in ''Literature/{{Nation}}'' decide whether to attack by single combat between chieftains, believing that the winner is the one favored by the God of Death. Of course, since they eat and enslave those they attack, the native tribes themselves presumably don't just give up if their champion loses.
* In ''Literature/SirGawainAndTheGreenKnight'', when King Arthur accepts a duel, Sir Gawain steps up as King Arthur's champion and accepts the duel in his stead.
* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' features a few, in addition to [[TrialByCombat trials by combat]].
** Several people have challenged the person besieging their castle to single combat to determine whether they surrender. The problem is no-one seriously believes the losing side will surrender or pack up their armies and leave, so why bother? Thus far, the only person to accept was Daenerys during the siege of Meereen, who did so for morale reasons. Many of her bodyguards and officers want to fight the gaudily dressed champion of Meereen, but she considers them to be too valuable to waste, so she decides to send Strong Belwas, a former fighting slave as her champion. That way the slave-trading city wouldn't gain much face if he lost, but would be humiliated if Belwas wiped his ass with their champion. [[spoiler:Which is literally what happened.]]
** Although not shown, Ironborn warrior Ser Harras Harlaw takes Grimston castle by challenging any warrior inside to defeat him in single combat. After he defeats seven (a holy number) those besieged surrendered because the Gods had spoken (i.e. their morale was shattered and this was a face-saving way to quit).
** In "The Sworn Sword," the water dispute between Ser Eustace and the Red Widow is resolved by a combat by champion. Dunk fights for Eustace and Ser Lucas fights for Lady Rohanne.
* ''Literature/TheAeneid'' ends with a such a battle between Aeneas and Turnus, though not quite so useful as this happened long after months of deadly combat.
* Jim Butcher's ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'' novel ''Death Masks'' opens with Ortega challenging Dresden to such a combat, intended to be determined by matching wills. [[spoiler: Ortega cheats during the subsequent battle in a ''very'' extreme manner, and manages to escape.]] Fortunately, [[spoiler: he doesn't escape Ebenezar [=McCoy=] and his [[ColonyDrop Soviet satellites.]] ]]
** In a later book, Harry and Ramirez [[spoiler: challenge two White Court vampires in a much less restricted battle. And again, the vampire cheats when it starts to go against him.]]
** And in ''Changes'' [[spoiler: The Erl-King decides this is a good way to determine which of his guests is going to be ripped apart. The two powerful vampires end up nominating their blood beast creature and a random {{Mook}} who got killed within the first ten seconds against Harry and Susan. Given that when it lost they got ripped to shreds by goblins maybe one of them should have stepped up.]]
** And again in ''Changes'', [[spoiler: the Red King declares Harry and Arianna Ortega's dispute will be resolved through a duel. Harry wipes the floor with Arianna but, once again, the vampire cheats.]]
* In ''[[Literature/TheIcemarkChronicles Cry of the Icemark]]'', a general on the villains' side challenges the heroes' queen to single combat to decide the war between their lands. The deal is that if he wins, she surrenders Icemark, and if she wins, he leaves. Though [[TheHero Thirrin]] realizes and [[LampshadeHanging notes]] that this would only keep them away until a new general comes along, they do battle anyway.
* In ''Film/TheRightStuff'', Tom Wolfe characterizes the "Space Race" between the USA and USSR as a form of single combat. Because the possibility of all-out war was distasteful and frightening to both sides, they channeled their rivalry into a race to the Moon.
* The whole Southern Judicial system in the ''Literature/OneRoseTrilogy'' is based on this trope
* In ''Literature/NewJediOrder'', Corran Horn challenges Shedao Shai to single combat over the fate of Ithor. [[spoiler: Corran wins, but the Vong still decide to devastate Ithor.]]
* Mentioned but averted in two books of the ''Literature/XWingSeries''. In ''The Krytos Trap'', Wedge accepts a challenge to a ritualistic knife duel with Tal'dira, which Wedge, as a short pilot, knew he would likely have trouble with. It turns out to be merely a test of Wedge's resolve (and that of the merchant who was attempting to deal with Wedge), and the challenge is nullified soon after. In ''Starfighter of Adumar'', Wedge reflects that he'd be fine with flying against and killing a champion, be he Imperial or Adumari, to decide the planet's allegiance, but instead he's expected to fly against bad Adumari pilots and kill them for "honor", which is weighed against how the Imperials do.
** "Bad ''[[InsistentTerminology Cartannese]]'' pilots" is right. No formation discipline, almost no simulated-weapons drills or flight simulators, and a "combat equals honor" mentality that leads to top pilots dying in droves. Not all of the Adumari are poor pilots (although not up to galactic standards by any means), but the Cartannese were truly duel-happy maniacs.
* In ''Literature/SplinterOfTheMindsEye'', Luke ends up having to fight a native Coway champion to win the freedom of his allies and his own right to walk out of their major encampment again.
* In Andy Hoare's Literature/WhiteScars novel ''Hunt for Voldorius'', Jhogai [[MoreHeroThanThou demands the right]], as company champion, to face off against the Chaos champion Nullus. [[spoiler:He loses]].
* In Matthew Arnold's reworking of the old Persian epic of Sobrah and Rustem, a father and son find themselves in two different armies and end up in a CombatByChampion. Interestingly this was one of Creator/CSLewis s favorite poems, as much for the descriptive power as for the plot itself.
* In book 26 of ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'', the Animorphs are pitted against seven Howlers to decide the fate of an entire alien planet.
* Despite being set in an age where the clash of massed armies have replaced single combat, ''Literature/BelisariusSeries'' has two notable cases of single combats.
** The {{Backstory}} has one between Rana Sanga and Raghunath Rao that made them both famous.
** Then Rana Sanga (again) and Valentinian has one in part 4, ''Fortune's Stroke'' as well, lasting for an entire chapter, though most of it explores the symbology and psychology of the fight. The duel is also supposed to be a diversion so that Belisarius's army can retreat while the Rajputs are occupied with the fight. The Rajputs know this but their society is based on HonorBeforeReason so they to watch the fight and do not interfere. It is clear that the duel will be the stuff of legends and all of them want to be there to witness it.
* E. R. Eddison's ''Literature/TheWormOuroboros'' has the wrestling match between Lord Goldry Bluszco of Demonland and King Gorice XI of Witchland, with Witchland's claim for suzerainty over Demonland at stake.
* The Elven high king Fingolfin challenges the Dark Lord [[{{Satan}} Morgoth]] to single combat in ''Literature/TheSilmarillion''. Unfortunately, Fingolfin [[BrokeYourArmPunchingOutCthulhu loses]], but it's so epic Morgoth is ''afraid'' to face him in the first place. And Fingolfin manages to wound Morgoth seven times before dying, and with his [[DyingMomentOfAwesome dying breath]] gives Morgoth a permanent limp. For the rest of the war until the coming of Valar, Morgoth would not come out of his fortress for fear of ending up in that situation again.
* ''Literature/WarriorCats'':
** In ''Crookedstar's Promise'', one of the battles for Sunningrocks is decided by a duel between Mudfur and Adderfang.
** In ''Hawkwing's Journey'', Hawkwing fights Dodge to decide whether [=SkyClan=] will help Dodge drive out Stick's group.
* In Sean [=McMullen=]'s ''Literature/GreatwinterTrilogy'', 40th century North American society has a long and storied tradition of conducting all warfare by chivalrous {{Old School Dogfight}}s with aircraft built of cloth and wood and flown by a pilot-aristocracy. Fighting a war on the ground with commoner infantry is considered dishonorable and unchivalrous, and a massive waste of scant resources, until infiltrators from another continent reintroduce the concept of total war.
* Averted in ''[[Literature/TalesOfTheBranionRealm The Painter Knight]]''. A [[AChildShallLeadThem child ruler]] escapes her EvilUncle, and reaches the safety of a loyal cousin, who raises an army to bring the traitor to justice. Before the climactic battle the uncle challenges the cousin. Her sovereign forbids it on the grounds that her uncle is "not to get outta this by dying nobly."
* A main plot point in ''[[Literature/{{Sulien}} The Prize in the Game]]'' by Creator/JoWalton. When Oriel is about to be invaded without war by an overwhelming force, the invaders are manipulated into only doing combat by champion. Oriel's champions Darag and Atha fought several single combats daily to hold of the invaders for over a month.
* In Creator/DavidGemmell's Literature/{{Drenai}} series, champions dueling are a traditional part of sieges. However, they tend to occur toward the end of the siege when city or defensive position is close to falling. If the defenders' champion loses, they can surrender without losing honor. If the attackers' champion loses, the defenders are traditionally provided with supplies and the attackers continue the siege. No one expects the attacker to abandom a successful siege just because of the outcome of a single duel.
* ''Literature/GestaDanorum'': Fighting against the Swedish usurper Sorli, Ragnar and his three sons Bjorn, Fridleif and Radbard take on a Swedish champion and his seven sons in a public single combat.
* In ''Literature/{{Pact}}'', as part of his attempts to avoid being enslaved by the [[AnthropomorphicPersonification Incarnation]] of [[HorsemenOfTheApocalypse Conquest]] that rules Toronto, Blake Thorburn challenges him to a contest where they each select five champions, surrender all their power for the duration, and let the champions fight, with whoever surrenders or is killed by the opposing champions being the victor. Being an Incarnation of a concept, Conquest cannot die unless the idea of conquest does, and surrender is in fact impossible for him, so he naturally accepts-only for Blake's champion Rose to trap him within a binding circle, leaving him powerless and the contest prolonged indefinitely, Blake having been more than willing to give up his ability to use magic in order to keep Conquest imprisoned.
* In order to seal the alliance between Embryon and Maribel in ''Literature/QuantumDevilSagaAvatarTuner'', they have to have a battle between a representative from each side and the outcome will decide how the alliance pans out. Heat ends up representing Embryon while Bat stands for Maribel.
* In the story "Arena" by Creator/FredricBrown (made into the ''Star Trek'' episode mentioned below) a super-advanced race picks a random individual from humanity and a race they are fighting to the death. The super-intelligence says that in an all-out war one will win, but both will be destroyed, so it will be decided by single combat. [[spoiler:The human and the alien (a super-evil beach ball) fight to the death and humanity wins, dooming the entire alien race. Unlike the Star Trek episode there is no mercy and no lesson to be learned. It's just kill or be killed.]]
* In ''Literature/TheTraitorSonCycle'', the outcome of the Alban civil war is decided by the Red Knight and Jean de Vrailly fighting to the death, with the promise that the loser's armies will leave the country. Amazingly enough, they keep to the promise.
* In ''Literature/TheWitchlands'', when Safi's group needs to take a ship over from a crew of pirates, instead of an all-out fight (that might damage the ship), Safi and the pirate captain fight it out one-on-one.
* The protagonist of ''[[Literature/ArrivalsFromTheDark Envoy from the Heavens]]'' learns that [[HumanAliens Osieran]] rhapsods are more than just {{Wandering Minstrel}}s. When the need arises (usually, a nobleman, who has done something really bad and refuses any warnings to stop), they take up arms and reveal themselves to be extremely capable warriors. When they reach the nobleman's estate, it typically results in a duel between the highest-ranking rhapsod in the party and the evildoer (no nobleman would refuse a duel, as it's a matter of honor). Should the rhapsod die, then the next in line would fight the nobleman in a day or so. If the entire party is thus wiped out, then the next party will be five times as large... and will not be taking prisoners. This also means that the soldiers and servants of the nobleman in question do their best to stay out of the rhapsods' way, unwilling to be slaughtered.
* In ''Literature/EverybodyLovesLargeChests'', there exist [[ChosenOne Heroes who represent the will of their respective God.]] If two Heroes come into conflict with one another, [[RPGMechanicsVerse a dialog box will pop up for everybody nearby,]] announcing a Clash of Fate which fully heals both Heroes and forbids anyone nearby from interfering until their duel is concluded - with another dialog box popping up to announce said conclusion for all to see. One such Clash between the Hero of Chaos and the Hero of the Hammer ends the war they were fighting for when the former ''completely humiliates'' the latter in a flawless victory.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' "The Christmas Invasion"; a newly regenerated Doctor [[spoiler:saves the world by beating the leader of the Sycorax to ritual combat, standing as Earth's champion. During the course of this fight, the Doctor loses and regrows his right hand. When the leader tries to go back on it, though? The Doctor kills him easily. With [[ImprobableWeaponUser a satsuma]]. At Christmas. Having just woken from a coma and getting his hand cut off.]]
-->'''The Doctor:''' No second chances. I'm that sort of a man.
* In ''Film/LazerTeam'', an alien race known as the Antarians warn Earth that the only way for the planet to survive is for a single Champion to be trained and given a [[PoweredArmor Suit of Power]] to battle the Worg Champion. [[spoiler:It turns out it's just an interstellar tournament set up by the Antarians, pitting other races against one another, giving each a Suit of Power and having their champions battle it out. The loser's planet is destroyed.]]
* ''The Aeneid'' ends with such a duel between Turnus and Aeneas, though it isn't quite as useful as the sides have already endured long months of war.
* In ''[[Literature/{{Conqueror}} Wolf of the Plains]]'', right after the Tartars are defeated, Temujin and Eeluk fight for who will be khan of the Wolves. Temujin wins.
* In an episode of ''{{Series/Deadwood}}'', Heart and Swearengen's duel for control of the camp turns into a Combat by Champion, as each man sends his [[TheDragon dragon]] to fight the other's in the street. The fight doesn't settle anything, but it does rattle and weaken the loser.
* ''Series/{{Angel}}''. In one episode, Angel kills a demon who turns out to be a pregnant girl's champion who was going to fight in her name against a demonic tribunal. Naturally, Angel takes his place and fights for her.
* ''Series/{{Merlin|2008}}'': In one season 4 episode, Arthur [[spoiler:avoids all-out war by battling the other kingdom's champion and winning]]
* In ''Series/BabylonFive'', the pre-Valen Minbari had a tradition of CombatByChampion by ritual suicide.
** The ExpandedUniverse has the Rogolon, a minor power sandwiched between the Centauri and their ancient rivals the Orieni, who have this mentality. In starship terms, this translated into them going out of formation and issuing challenges to the enemy to send out their own ships to fight a small number of duels, with the side with most victories being the winner. Predictably, when the Centauri invaded to bypass the Orieni border defences and were faced with this they just used their superior numbers, technology and firepower to annihilate the aspiring champions.
* The classic episode of ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' "Arena," pitting Captain Kirk against the Gorn.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'':
** After being captured, Jaime Lannister suggests this to Robb Stark as a way of resolving the brewing civil war. Robb declines, knowing that he'd lose against a member of the Kingsguard.
** When Dany besieges Meereen, the Meereen Masters send a champion to insult her and challenge her to single combat. She sends Daario as her champion (Strong Belwas is AdaptedOut). While everyone knows that the fight will not decide the battle, the side that loses will be demoralized. Daario wins in a CurbstompBattle that lasts a few seconds. The actual impact of the fight is that it convinces the slaves of Meereen that with Dany's help they can rebel and gain their freedom.
** When meeting before the Battle of Winterfell, Jon Snow offers to fight Ramsay Bolton one-on-one in order to reduce the amount of bloodshed. Ramsay, who has the numbers advantage, does not take the offer. He hypocritically asks for it when he's finally defeated, though he uses a bow instead of a sword. Jon, being more honorable, briefly entertains him by catching the arrows on his shield until he's close enough to give him a NoHoldsBarredBeatdown.
** Westerosi TrialByCombat allows for either side to select a champion if they chose.
*** Tyrion makes use of this in "A Golden Crown" and "The Mountain and the Viper".
* In one episode of ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess'', Xena manages to save a bunch of soldiers from being annihilated by the barbaric Horde when she stops seeing them as monsters and learns that they respect CombatByChampion. She fights and defeats their strongest warrior, and the Horde departs.
* ''Series/WonderWoman'': "Wonder Woman’s Return": After being in a stalemate with Dr. Solano, he proposes to Wonder Woman a sword fight. "Winner gets all." [[spoiler: It’s a trap]].
* In "The Challenge" (1970 TV movie) the US and an unnamed Asian country agree to avoid war by having one soldier each fight to the death on a deserted island. Darren [=McGavin=] plays the US soldier who would break all the rules while in combat and go out on night patrols on his own, bringing back trophies. Naturally there's a lot of cheating on both sides.
* ''Series/BlakesSeven''. In "[[Recap/BlakesSevenS3E12DeathWatch Death Watch]]", two planetary systems fight wars this way, with the loser surrendering a couple of planets and a large part of their spacefleet. Two champions [[SpaceWestern fight with handguns]] with their duel [[GladiatorGames televised for entertainment]], but one side cheats by [[RobotsAreJustBetter using an android with a faster]] QuickDraw. Turns out it's a conspiracy to start a real war by exposing the deception. Once the two sides fight each other to exhaustion, the Federation will step in to 'restore order'.
* ''Series/{{Supergirl 2015}}'': When Queen Rhea's fleet attempts to invade Earth, Supergirl challenges her to a sacred duel called Dakkam Ur to decide the fate of the planet. If Supergirl wins, Rhea's fleet must leave Earth alone, but if Rhea wins, Supergirl won't stand in their way. Rhea cheats by using kryptonite and orders her fleet to attack in the middle of the duel. When Mon-El calls her out on violating the sacred rules, she sneers and says she doesn't care. Supergirl then defeats her and she ''still'' refuses to call off her fleet. However, Supergirl had also cheated by preparing a bomb that saturates the atmosphere with lead particles (lead is like kryptonite to Daxamites) in the event that she lost. Since Rhea won't back down, Supergirl orders the bomb detonated, killing Rhea and forcing her soldiers to leave Earth.
* In the early ''Series/StargateSG1'' episode "[[Recap/StargateSG1S1E3Emancipation Emancipation]]", SG-1's allied tribal chief Moughal challenges their enemy Turghan to single combat over the fate of Turghan's daughter Nya, who is to be stoned to death for trying to elope with Moughal's son Abu rather than enter an ArrangedMarriage. Turghan refuses to duel the crippled Moughal, so Samantha Carter, whom Abu had tried to trade to Turghan as a concubine in exchange for Nya's hand, challenges him instead and defeats him.
* In the ''Series/{{Wishbone}}'' version of ''Literature/TheAeneid'', Wishbone-as-Aeneas challenges Turnus to a one-on-one contest of skill to decide the fate of Latium. [[LighterAndSofter This being a PBS kids' show]], the contest takes the form of a couple of footraces (which Aeneas, being played by a dog, wins easily), and a staring contest.

* The {{Narm}}tastic knife fight from Music/MichaelJackson's "Beat It" video.

[[folder:Myths & Religion]]
* In a Greek legend, two brothers agree to rule the throne of Thebes on alternating years. After the first year, the first brother Eteocles predictably refuses to step down from the throne. His brother, Polyneices, gathers a large army to take the city by force. The two sides fail to defeat each other, so they make the brothers duel to decide the war. Similarly to the above example, the duel decides nothing. It's for a totally different reason, though: they kill each other in the end.
* David and Goliath from Literature/TheBible. After David wins, the Philistines flee and the Israelites slaughter them.
* Much of the ''Literature/TainBoCuailnge'' consists of a long string of one-on-one fights between Cu Chulainn and whichever EliteMook [[GodSaveUsFromTheQueen Queen Medb]] sends against him.

[[folder:Pro Wrestling]]
* Wrestling/EricBischoff once thought of settling the Monday Night Wars of the '90s between Wrestling/{{WCW}} and then-Wrestling/{{W|orldWrestlingFederation}}WF in this manner. Not with the WCW champion vs. the WWF champion, mind you, but with Bischoff vs. Wrestling/VinceMcMahon. Vince, knowing that it was a publicity stunt and nothing else, agreed to the match on the condition that it would not be at the next WCW pay-per-view (as Bischoff wanted), but that it would be in an empty parking lot devoid of cameras. Bischoff ignored this, and when the pay-per-view rolled around, the "match" took place, with Bischoff being declared the winner via no-show.
* A variation happened at ''[[Wrestling/SamoaJoe Joe]] vs [[Wrestling/CMPunk Punk]] II'' in 2004. Rather than smaller groups settling the conflict of larger groups, Wrestling/NigelMcGuinness and Chad Collyer represented "Pure Wrestling" while Dan Maff and BJ Whitmer represented "[[GarbageWrestler Hardcore Wrestling]]" in a TagTeam match, in an attempt to settle an ongoing debate between Wrestling/RickySteamboat and Wrestling/MickFoley about which style was better for Wrestling/RingOfHonor.
* In 2015, Wrestling/{{AAA}}'s Lucha Libre World Cup saw four out of eight trio matches end indecisively due to the time limit expiring. This ended up being settled by four matches featuring one member from each team to stalemate. The final saw these two men (Wresting/{{M|istico}}yzteziz and [[Wrestling/KenAnderson Mr. Anderson]]) themselves going to a time limit draw, so they tried again with two more ([[Wrestling/AlbertoDelRio El Patron Alberto]] and Wrestling/MattHardy) to yet another draw. Finally, there was a winner when Wrestling/ReyMysterioJr pinned Wrestling/{{John|Morrison}}y Mundo.[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In ''TabletopGame/Warhammer40000'', it's an ancient tradition that whenever a Dark Angels company and a Space Wolves company meet, each selects a champion to fight in a (usually non-lethal) duel, in honour of the battle between their Primarchs, Lion El'Johnson and Leman Russ.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'':
** Meanwhile, units with special characters can have them challenge opposing units's special characters. If they win, the chance of the opposing side breaking off and fleeing shoots way up. The Warriors of Chaos ''have'' to make a challenge if they can, because their reason for fighting is to impress their gods -- doing so is much easier by hacking down lords and masters instead of {{Mooks}}. And even if they didn't ''have'' to, they probably would ''anyway'' unless really, really seriously outclassed, because they get special bonuses for shredding enemy leaders in single combat -- besides the obvious benefit of scaring the crap out of the other side, who watch trembling as the psychopath in the horned helmet brutally eviscerates their leader.
** Bretonnians from ''TabletopGame/WarhammerFantasy'' are a very special example of this trope. Since they are knights in shiny armor, they are expected to meet their enemy in duel. Latest armybook gives them Virtue that forces them to challenge and an magic item that forces enemies to accept challenges. Combine them and you have a knight who never lives to kill other heroes.
** The Chaos character Wulfrik the Wanderer once made a BlasphemousBoast that resulted in him being made immortal and an {{omniglot}} by the Dark Powers, who now wanders the world in his flying ship to challenge any worthy warriors to single combat. The gift of languagues is so that he can insult them in their native tongue, enraging the enemy to the point where they can't refuse the challenge.
* ''TabletopGame/DarkSun'' is quite low on resources, so "combat by champions" is one of traditional ways to settle dispute in the desert.
* In the ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' set ''Shards of Alara'', the world of Bant has an entire culture founded on this very trope, reflected in the game mechanics with the keyword ability "Exalted", which gives power boosts to any creature that attacks alone. However this cultural ideal quickly becomes a weakness during and after the Conflux, as the other shard's inhabitants do ''not'' follow this trope.
** The card ''Dueling Grounds'' imposes this by allowing only one creature to attack and block each turn.
** The Archenemy scheme ''Choose Your Champion'' also fits as well.
** This is basically what the Dragons Maze on Ravnica was. All 10 Guilds had to choose a champion or 'Maze Runner' and whoever could either survive to the end or reach the end first (with the other Champions trying to kill eachother) would have their Guild essentially become the rulers of Ravnica. Luckily for everyone (and unluckily for a few guilds) the Guildless Planeswalker Jace Beleren won. Much to rival Planeswalker and Izzet Champion Ral Zereks disappointment.
* Many roleplaying games resolve mass combats this way, using a small sample of both sides' forces to decide the outcome of the entire battle. A few games offer more realistic mass combat systems, but even then this trope often ends up invoked due to RuleOfFun.
* The Clans in ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'' have built an entire system and protocol revolving around CombatByChampion. Opposing factions will "bid" down their forces to the minimum practical amount, selecting a few of their best warriors who meet in a proxy battlefield called the "Circle of Equals". Pretty much every big dispute in Clan life is ultimately solved by a few champions killing each other to decide who's right. These battles are known as Trials, with various types. Trials of Position have Clan warriors fighting for rank, Trials of Possession have Clans fighting for a place or resource, Trials of Refusal have one Clan disputing the actions of another, etc. During the early months of their invasion of the Inner Sphere, they even try this with Inner Sphere forces. The IS factions, not being [[ProudWarriorRaceGuy Proud Warrior Race Guys]] like the Clans, of course lie about what the number and disposition of their forces. HilarityEnsues. [[ChurchMilitant ComStar]] was an exception, as they won the Trial of Possession for Earth against the Clans fair and square, but otherwise the Inner Sphere took full advantage of the Clans' honor and naivety at every turn.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Traveller}}'', Aslan often do this as a cheap way of solving clan quarrels. [[ProudWarriorRace of course they do.]]
* In ''TabletopGame/RocketAge'' traditional Martian warfare is essentially combat by champion'''s''', with two small armies meeting in a formally arranged location and a prior agreement on what each side will relinquish if they lose. There are a number of protocols surrounding these arrangements and if any are breached, such either side harming their formal hostages, the arrangement is off and full scale war is the outcome.

* This is how the rumble between the Jets and the Sharks in ''Theatre/WestSideStory'' was supposed to go, after Tony does some convincing. It [[GoneHorriblyWrong goes horribly wrong]] when [[NeverBringAKnifeToAFistFight a knife gets pulled out during the fight]], resulting in the leaders of the Jets and the Sharks both ending up dead.
* In ''Theatre/TheGoldenApple'', the adaptational equivalent of UsefulNotes/TheTrojanWar culminates with Hector arranging a prizefight between Menelaus and Paris. Ulysses accidentally KO's Menelaus while coaching him, takes his spot in the ring and knocks Paris out.
* The backstory to ''Theater/Hamlet'' involves a fight between the elder King Hamlet and the elder King Fortinbras to fight for the kingdom of Demark and Norway, respectively. Fortinbras loses.

* The tribes in ''Toys/{{Bionicle}}''[='s=] Bara Manga setting have agreed to settle disputes this way to save resources. As a result, these GladiatorGames have become a MatterOfLifeAndDeath. [[spoiler:Subverted when a new tribe joins the system and raises an army anyway.]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Suikoden}}''
** Routinely done in the series, through the Duel system.
** Part of the back story of ''VideoGame/SuikodenII'' involves a duel between the champion of Highland, Han Cunningham, and the one of the City States of Jowston, Genkaku (who is [[PlayerCharacter Riou]] and Nanami's adopted grandfather), to end the long war between the two nations. Which turns out to be just one of many temporary ceasefires between them.
** In ''VideoGame/SuikodenV'', who the Crown Princess of Falena marries is determined by a tournament. Generally, the nobles don't fight themselves, sending champions or other representatives in their place. The current queen's husband, Ferid, shook things up by representing himself and ''winning''; during the game's early InevitableTournament, Belcoot hopes to do the same.
* The first ''TabletopGame/HeavyGear'' video game has the player partake on a one-on-one fight against a single enemy Gear to settle [[spoiler: a final standoff between two enemy landships, both immobilized and forced to either pound each other into submission with their guns or settle this "with honor."]]
* In the ''VideoGame/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'' video games by Koei, an officer in battle may attack by challenging an enemy officer to a duel. The winning officer usually captures the loser, with the loser's unit routing with their commander gone. Usually it's damn near impossible to get the computer to duel unless it believes it will obviously win or else has no chance to win in continued combat. Usually, declining to duel damages morale.
** Similar duels also take place in ''VideoGame/DynastyWarriors'', which is based on RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms, but annoyingly only at the computer's discretion. Players cannot initiate them. The computer is more willing to initiate them in this series, however. Declining still hurts player morale.
** Other Koei games feature this, like ''Celtic Tales: The Balor of Evil Eye'' and ''VideoGame/UnchartedWatersNewHorizons''.
* In ''VideoGame/BaldursGateIIThroneOfBhaal'', whilst merrily invading Sendai's Enclave, the player gets the option to face the captain of a Drow war-party in single combat. The catch: the Beholder enforcing the duel casts a Geas spell on both groups, so that whichever champion that fails causes their entire party to die instantly. The Beholder himself, who is on the side of the Drow, does not die, having had the good sense not to include himself in the spell. Then you chat with him for a while. He's really quite pleasant.
* In ''VideoGame/FireEmblemRadiantDawn,'' the Begnion general Zelgius challenges Laguz Alliance general Skrimir to a duel. Skrimir's acceptance was stupid, because [[spoiler: Not only were Zelgius' abilities superior, but Skrimir was ordered not to move until he was given a signal. His loss, destroys Soren's plan and forces the Laguz to do a full-scale retreat.]] And they were doing so well, too.
* In ''VideoGame/FireEmblemAwakening'', the warrior nation of Regna Ferox holds a tournament to determine who between the eastern and western Khans would rule the entire nation. To prevent blood feuds, each leader chooses champions to fight on behalf of them. For the tournament that takes place in the game, Chrom's Sheperds represent the eastern Khan Flavia, while "Marth" represents the western Khan and incumbent Basilio.
* The intro to ''[[VideoGame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic Heroes Chronicles]]'' shows the barbarian leader Tarnum being killed in a duel with King Rion Gryphonheart, while their armies watch. Tarnum [[UnexplainedRecovery gets better]].
* Essentially the [[ExcusePlot plot]] of ''VideoGame/LeagueOfLegends''. The league was formed as a formalized, five a side version of this trope to avoid another world destroying magic war. Many nations in the games world are joining so they can avoid losing a war against [[TheEmpire Noxus]], only for Noxus to beat them in the league and take over anyway.
* The backstory of the fighting game Bio Freaks was that the combatants were champions of the DividedStatesOfAmerica
* Indie Turn based strategy title ''VideoGame/SoliumInfernum'' has this as an option when you declare war.
* ''Franchise/DragonAge'':
** In ''VideoGame/DragonAgeOrigins'', it's possible to settle the Landsmeet with a duel between Loghain and you or one of your party members. With a certain exception...
--> '''Arl Eamon:''' Ah, Warden... No. I'm afraid we can't leave the fate of all Ferelden up to your dog. Anyone with a leftover ham bone could buy his allegiance. Choose someone else.
** Earlier in the game, there's also a knight who demands a duel with the main character. If he dies his friends will accept the outcome and leave quietly. They will only attack if you break the rules and send your other party members to fight as well.
** The example in ''VideoGame/DragonAgeII'' would fit this, if not for the fact that to get to the Qunari leader you have to carve your way through his forces first through the entire city. Once you get to him, you may still have to fight a few more of his grunts to fully earn his respect. You then can either fight the Arishok and his guards (with your entire squad) or just you and the Arishok. Fittingly, after this fight, you are henceforth known as the Champion of Kirkwall.
* Supposedly, this was one use of Deathwatch in the backstory of ''VideoGame/MadWorld''. [[spoiler:Agent XIII wants to end Deathwatch because it's degenerated into a BloodSport.]]
* In ''VideoGame/SidMeiersPirates'', there are many swordfights, against captains of ships/armies. Regardless, once you beat the captain in a swordfight his entire crew/army surrenders. (Also inverted to a degree, at least in the most recent remake: If you're the last member of the crew standing, you'd ''better'' be capable of pulling off a flawless victory, or else you'll be forced to surrender the next time you get hit.)
* Played straight then subverted in the intro to ''[[{{VideoGame/Total War Shogun 2}} Total War: Shogun 2]]'', where the general of an army besieging a castle sends a champion to fight the champion of the defenders. The duel is played out beautifully, as both imagine they're fighting in a garden surrounded by cherry blossoms (they're really fighting in snow). The champion of the attacking side wins and walks back triumphantly, only to end up with a dozen arrows in his back. The infuriated general orders his forces to attack.
* It's revealed in the backstory to ''Franchise/StarWars: VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic'' that the Mandalorian Wars ended shortly after Revan killed Mandalore the Ultimate in single combat. While normally this would result in a very short interregnum period, while they chose a new Mandalore, Revan took Mandalore's mask and hid it on a remote planet. Without this symbol of power, the Mandalorians couldn't choose a new leader, and the war quickly came to an end. The novel ''Star Wars: The Old Republic: Revan'' reveals where Revan hid the mask ([[spoiler:it was in the tomb of the [[TheEmperor Sith Emperor]]'s half-brother]]).
* ''VideoGame/CenturionDefenderOfRome'' has fleet battles represented by the two flagships fighting. The trope is subverted, since winning the flagship battle can still cause the rest of your ships to be destroyed.
* In the old DOS ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' game ''VideoGame/PoolOfRadiance'', the party is ordered to deal with a lizardman colony that is threatening Phlan. While it's entirely possible to eradicate the lizardmen altogether, you can also resolve the matter by settling an internal conflict between the elderly (and relatively peaceful) chieftain of the tribe and a younger insurgent who's the main reason why Phlan wants the lizardmen dealt with in the first place (and he's also taking orders from the game's BigBad). The conflict is settled in this trope's manner. The chieftain is too old to fight, so he's allowed to select a champion to fight in his place (read: one of your party).
* Parodied with some RealityEnsues concerning the [[ProudWarriorRace Turians]] history in ''Franchise/MassEffect'': Leading up to the War on Taetrus, a turian general and a leader of the rebel group Facinus got into a sword fight to decide the fate of Taetrus. When the rebel leader lost, very obviously photo-shopped images started surfacing the next day showing the general cheating in the duel. Facinus used these images as an excuse to declare war anyway.
* In ''VideoGame/{{BattleCry|VideoGame}}'', this has replaced all traditional warfare, which is now banned. (So are guns, so the combat is relatively personal.)
* In ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' [[OurOgresAreHungrier ogres]] usually fight and kill one another when they disagree. Their mortality rate plummeted when a chieftain instituted a law that these arguments would be settled by duels by slaves instead of ogres. This proved key in their rise as an empire.
* The Challenge mechanic in ''VideoGame/WarhammerMarkOfChaos'' allows one {{Hero Unit}}s to issue a challenge to another. If it is accepted, they square off with their armies watching (and egging them on), and have an RPG-style duel. The loser's army Retreats.
* In the first story chapter of ''VideoGame/ForHonor'', Holden Cross challenges Hervis Daubeny to TrialByCombat so no one else has to die. Daubeny refuses to fight Cross, who then offers Daubeny to fight his second. Daubeny [[GotVolunteered names the Player Character]] his second resulting in Combat By Champion.
* ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls''
** Hircine, the [[OurGodsAreDifferent Daedric Prince]] of [[EgomaniacHunter the Hunt]] will sometimes do this. If Hircine is not participating directly in one of his hunts, he will usually appoint a [[OurDemonsAreDifferent lesser Daedra]] (such as the Herne Egahirn in ''Battlespire'') or a great were-beast to do the hunting instead. According to the ''[[Literature/TheElderScrollsInUniverseBooks 16 Accords of Madness]]'', Hircine and [[MadGod Sheogorath]] agreed to a battle in this fashion. Each would choose a champion, and the two champions would battle. Hircine infected an ancient [[NeverSmileAtACrocodile Daedroth]] with [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent lycanthropy]] to serve as his champion. Sheogorath chose...a song bird. [[spoiler:Hircine's champion ends up blinding itself and tearing itself apart while struggling to hit the song bird]].
** In the backstory, King Joile of Daggerfall convinced Gaiden Shinji, the legendary Redguard hero and leader of the [[TheOrder Order of Diagna]], to join him in the Siege of Orsinium (the home city-state/fortress of the [[OurOrcsAreDifferent Orcs]]). Joile then convinced Shinji, the [[MasterSwordsman Blademaster]] and founder of the Imperial City [[GladiatorSubquest Arena]], to participate in a Combat By Champion DuelToTheDeath against the Orc leader, Baloth Bloodtusk. As Shinji and Baloth were fighting, [[CavalryBetrayal Joile ordered his archers to open fire on both of them]]. As it turned out, Joile not only wanted to sack Orsinium, but planned to invade Hammerfell after and knew that Shinji would have been a major obstacle. (Joile would get his comeuppance, dying during what would be a failed invasion of Hammerfell.)

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/{{Spacetrawler}}'', Emily realizes that her side is outgunned in a space dogfight. She contacts the leader of the opposing side, Kuu-drahc, and goads him into agreeing to call off the space battle so the two of them can fight, hand-to-hand, on the planet below.
* Redcloak and a master cleric have one of these in ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'', as Redcloak's armies are overrunning Azure City. Redcloak explicitly takes the offer for no other reason than to prevent his troops from being needlessly slaughtered (as he is currently winning the battle), and subverts protocol by killing all the human bystanders afterwards anyway. Granted, knowing the Azurites, they probably would have done the same thing to his goblin troops as well.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In ''Roleplay/TheGamersAlliance'', [[GeniusBruiser Captain]] [[ScaryBlackMan Ismail]] of the [[PraetorianGuard Black Guard]] and [[OurDemonsAreDifferent Dreadlord]] [[AxCrazy Leraje]] of the [[TheLegionsOfHell Northern Horde]] fight a duel to the death to determine the fate of the city of Vanna: if Ismail wins, the demons will retreat. However, the horde has no intentions of keeping the bargain so no matter which way the duel ends, they ''will'' invade Vanna. The heroes suspect as much so they use the duel as a means to distract and stall the demons long enough to free the demons' captives and hopefully catch the horde by surprise and perhaps assassinate a few of the demon commanders while they're at it.
* ''VideoGame/ImperiumNova'': One of many uses for hired retainers.
* The "Worst vs. Worst" duel between the Wetalds and Callas is a combination of this and a WimpFight.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/Ben10AlienForce'', this isn't just a battle of honor, it's intergalactic law when it comes to invading armies that their two strongest warriors can fight to decide the winner, which Vilgax uses to conquer 10 worlds.
* ''WesternAnimation/SamuraiJack'' had Jack in a battle with Aku to settle things once and for all, but Jack couldn't use his sword and Aku had to be human and not use his powers. Aku cheated right from the start. Too bad that Jack expected it...
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheTransformers'', Megatron proposes an honor duel between himself and Optimus Prime, with both sides to be bound by the results. Megs proceeds to cheat; hands up all who are surprised by this shocking twist.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Prior to an 1810 battle between the Mthethwa and Buthelezi tribes in Africa, a young UsefulNotes/ShakaZulu, at the time a common soldier in the Mthethwa army, defeated a Buthelezi champion in a duel and went on to lead the Mthethwa army to victory. Shaka earned a promotion for this and took his first step on a journey that would see him rise to become one of the most powerful emperors and African history.
* The A.D. 1380 Battle of Kulikovo Pol'e ("the field of snipes") was opened by the Russian and Mongol armies each putting forth a champion before the battle, probably in hopes of inspiring the winner's side. The Mongols sent Temir-murza, while the Russians sent the WarriorMonk [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Peresvet Alexander Peresvet.]] [[MutualKill Both champions died in the fight]], and the battle proper took place thereafter.
* In the A.D. 624 Battle of al-Badr, the Muslim and Meccan armies each sent out three champions before the battle. The battle was still fought, after two Muslim victories and one MutualKill, but the result demoralized the Meccan army.
* The trope was common for a Roman soldier, at least early in the Republic's history. The Horatii vs the Curiatii (3 on 3), and the original Torquatus and Corvus/Corvinus were famous examples. And there was the idea of the ''spolia opima'' or Spoils of Honour, an enemy commander's armour taken from him in single combat by a Roman commander. Romulus was one of only three or four to ever take them.
** Creator/BertoltBrecht wrote a play, ''Die Horatier und die Curiatier'' based on the Roman story (or myth), although here the three champions on each side represent three armies, in the way a general would represent his troops as well in Peking Opera.
* There was one in 1351 during the Breton War of Succession, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combat_of_the_Thirty The Combat of the Thirty.]] Actually didn't have any effect on the outcome of the war, but, hey, [[RuleOfCool Rule Of Panache]]!
* One notable subversion was during the War of the Sicilian Vespers when one monarch challenged another and was refused. No one expected it to be accepted and it was really a propaganda move.
* What sometimes happened in several wars was that aristocrats from either side would challenge each other, not to decide the battle, ''but simply because they were bored''! As one of the most unspoken but most present hardships of war is simply tedium (and the nervousness and physical discomfort that goes with it), one can see why a trained warrior might actually prefer fighting.
** There were several incidents of this between British and French cavalry pickets during UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars.
* In the UsefulNotes/WarOf1812, HMS ''Shannon'' challenged the USS ''Chesapeake'' to a CoolVersusAwesome CombatByChampion. The ''Shannon'' won in a contest that was short but within it's time one of the bloodiest and toughest engagements of the age of WoodenShipsAndIronMen.
* The former vice-president of Iraq, Taha Yassin Ramadan, once suggested that Saddam Hussein challenge George W. Bush to this.
* In 545 BC, The Spartans and their arch rivals the Argives both sent exactly 300 of their best men for a battle. The battle ended with two surviving Argives and only one remaining Spartan. The Argives considered themselves victors because they had more men left alive while the Spartans felt they had won because their man had stayed put while the two Argives had run off to tell about their victory. Since neither side was willing to concede defeat a conventional battle was needed to settle matters which the Spartans won.
* The Catechism of the Catholic Church orders the excommunication of anyone willingly involved in a duel UNLESS it falls under this trope.
* Largely {{subverted}} by the Mongols. The Mongols were the most highly organized and disciplined warriors for their time. During the Mongol invasions of Europe and Japan (both highly devoted to individual combat), the other side would oftentimes send out champions, as per custom. The Mongols would usually greet them with a shower of armor-piercing arrows. As the Japanese poem Hachiman Gudōkun states:
** “ According to our manner of fighting we must first call out by name someone from the enemy ranks, and then attack in single combat. But the Mongols took no notice at all of such conventions. They rushed forward all together in a mass, grappling with any individuals they could catch and killing them."
** Up until the Mongol turned up, this was the standard way of battle in Japan: combatants would not only declare their names and their desire to duel, they'd recite large amounts of their family history as well.
* Markus Persson, creator of ''VideoGame/{{Minecraft}}'', combined this with TrialByCombat when he proposed to settle a copyright dispute between his own company Mojang and rival company Bethesda over whether the former is allowed to make a game by the name of ''VideoGame/{{Scrolls}}''... by means of a ''VideoGame/{{Quake}}'' match between each company's three best players. Alas, Bethesda rejected it.
* At the battle of Vouille in 507 AD, Clovis, King of the Franks, (aka Chlodovech) faced Alaric II, the young King of the Visigoths. In dispute was an area on what is now the French side of the Pyrenees. Clovis had superior forces and could have crushed the Visigoths (but lost a lot of men, and battles are never actually certain) but instead, he offered single combat to Alaric, who took it. Clovis won.
* In ''A History of Warfare'' John Keegan records observations of primitive tribes who would settle quarrels by assembling at a ceremonial place where the young men would shoot at each other with bows and the elders would watch, ready to intervene if it got too bloody.
* Suggested by the current head of the self-proclaimed Lugansk People's Republic to the President of Ukraine as a means for resolving the ongoing military conflict in Eastern Ukraine. He even said that the president can pick the place and weapons for the duel. Naturally, it isn't likely to happen.
* Sitting Bull had a battle scar from a duel with a champion from a rival tribe.
* A variation of this was found in the politics of English speaking peoples. While such things [[UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar could]] [[UsefulNotes/AmericanRevolution indeed]] [[UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar be]] as bloody as they were in other parts of the world, much of the time ideological and ethnic conflict was held to the level of the political TrashTalk we are still familiar with today. With one caveat, that it could often lead to dueling. In fact in some parts dueling was a politicians proof of virility and his worthyness to represent his faction. In a sense political dueling like the numerous duels between abolitionists and pro-slavery activists were a kind of CombatByChampion.