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[[quoteright:350:[[WesternAnimation/{{Wakfu}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/wakfu_clock_fort_battle_7077.png]]]]

->''"The automated figures stand\\
Adorning every public street\\
And seem to breath in stone,\\
Or move their marble feet."''
-->--'''Pindar''', ''Seventh Olympic Ode''

A Setting trope similar to SteamPunk relying on artsy clockwork mechanica. Essentially, identical to SteamPunk, but with intricate clockworks replacing steam power as the technology of choice.

This is a SpeculativeFiction setting that takes place prior to the industrial revolution. Gears and other simple machines predominate virtually every mechanical construct, heavy machinery, or portable device in the setting. Usually the machines must be wound with a key, but they can also be powered by gunpowder or FunctionalMagic, or more often, {{Hand Wave}}d. Even when they are wound, science-savvy audiences may note that the amount of energy apparently stored in a Clock Punk device often [[FridgeLogic seems far greater]] than the amount of energy it takes to rewind them. The mechanisms and casings will typically be adorned with intricate decorations and carvings, making some very beautiful-looking machinery if done right.

Another element of this setting type is that while SteamPunk generally has a Creator/JulesVerne-esque SciFi sense to it, Clock Punk settings tend to have a mix of a renaissance or baroque era feel, and lighthearted fantasy; due to FantasyGunControl, mixing Clock Punk with FunctionalMagic is less a strain on WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief than more advanced technologies.

The setting is often populated by {{Clockwork Creature}}s. Expect invocations of LeonardoDaVinci.

May connect to other PunkPunk settings, especially SteamPunk and CattlePunk, but also DungeonPunk.

----
!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime]]
* ''ClockworkFighters'' uses these.
* In ''Anime/PokemonTheRiseOfDarkrai'', the inhabitants of Alamos Town use mostly Clock Punk.
* In ''KingOfBanditsJing'' - the third chapter of the manga/third episode of the anime - Jing visits a town entirely based around clocks for its design and society. Besides this town, there is a lot of clockpunk in Jing in general.
* While not the setting itself, Gut's left arm in {{Berserk}} definitely counts. It has a magnet in the palm so he can hold his sword, a repeating crossbow which can be attached to the top, and a cannon. It may have been inspired by the similar right arm of Götz (listed in Real Life)
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]
* ''[[ComicBook/{{SHIELD}} S.H.I.E.L.D.]]'' - the Secret History of the MarvelUniverse - has Leonardo with an [[JetPack ornithopter-pack]] and Gallileo creating a Clock Punk weapon to fight ''[[PlanetEater Galactus]]''. And since the MarvelUniverse is still around four hundred years later, [[DidYouJustPunchOutCthulhu he presumably won]].
** Of course they did. "This Is Not How The World Ends."
* [[ComicBook/IronMan Lord Iron's]] armour and some of [[ComicBook/FantasticFour Sir Richard Reed's]] creations in ''{{Marvel 1602}}''.
* ''Avigon''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* The ''Film/{{Hellboy}}'' films are full of Clock Punk:
** The first movie has a Russian mausoleum with clockwork [[DurableDeathtrap deathtraps]]. One of the villains, Karl Ruprecht Kroenen, is a clockwork [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot zombie]] [[HollywoodCyborg cyborg]] [[StupidJetpackHitler Nazi]] assassin.
** In ''Hellboy II: The Golden Army'', there's Wink, an ogre with a chained clockwork [[RocketPunch Rocket]] [[PowerFist Fist]]. And the eponymous army is made up of clockwork robots; even the crown that controls them fits together like clockwork.
*** Hell, at the end of Golden Army, Hellboy and Prince Nuada fight on giant, moving cogs! Damn, does Guillermo del Toro kick ass or what? See AuthorAppeal.
** From the same director, ''PansLabyrinth'' dabbles in this a bit, with the camerawork paying careful attention to the enormous cog-like millwheels of the house, or Cpt. Vidal's thematically-important pocketwatch.
*** His first feature movie ''La Invención de Cronos'' tells a tale of biomechanical clockwork artifact prolonging the life of its user.
* The film ''ReturnToOz'' features a wind-up, clockwork mechanical man, Tik Tok. Though seemingly from the {{Steampunk}} era, he is entirely cog and spring-powered.
* ''Film/{{Hugo}}'''s aesthetic is based heavily on this. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] in that it's set in a railroad station built in the late 19th century; and uncheckable since the original Gare Montparnasse is long gone and the midcentury-modern replacement no doubt was planned to use the same electric-pulse synchronized analog clocks you'd find in a large public HighSchool (and may have been upgraded to all-digital).
* ''Film/TheThreeMusketeers2011''
* ''TheAbominableDrPhibes'' and its sequel give VincentPrice a clockwork orchestra. Many of his deathtraps also make use of impractical clockworks, giant screws, and other analogue technologies.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* The HansChristianAndersen fairy tale ''Literature/TheNightingale''.
* In {{Elfstruck}} there is a character with wings made of silver, crystal, and visible gearwork that move as she moves her wings.
* Later ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' novels combine this with some DungeonPunk tropes.
** One of Pratchett's earlier works is ''{{Strata}}'', a sci-fi work set on a disc-shaped planet run by clockwork.
* ''Pasquale's Angel'' by Paul J. [=McAuley=] is set in a Clockpunk-Rennaisance Florence with some {{Steampunk}} elements where Leonardo Di Vinci is an engineer instead of an artist. The protagonist teams up with investigative reporter Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli to solve a LockedRoom murder and [[MinorCrimeRevealsMajorPlot uncover a wider conspiracy]].
* The Robert E. Howard ConanTheBarbarian story "Rogues in the House" mixes this with DungeonPunk. Instead of being the typical EvilSorcerer, the villain of the story, Nabonidus, is basically the evil offspring of [[GadgeteerGenius Leonardo da Vinci]] and [[TheChessmaster Machiavelli]] and uses various clock tech devices to secure his home.
* ''Goblin Moon'' and ''The Gnome's Engine'', which have an 18th-century fantasy-of-manners feel.
* Although Jay Lake's ''Clockwork Earth'' series is mostly SteamPunk, the series title points to one massive example of this. In fact the ''entire Solar System'' is a massive clockwork device.
* ''Deathscent'' by RobinJarvis features robots powered by a mixture of intricate clockwork and advanced liquid-based alien technology. In the Elizabethan era. This was all made possible by a (supposedly) BenevolentAlienInvasion, who lifted all of humankind into a network of "islands" in space, linked by pathways the humans only vaguely understand.
* Tik-Tok, the clockwork soldier from the [[Literature/LandOfOz Oz book]] ''Ozma of Oz''.
* S. M. Stirling's ''{{Emberverse}}'', especially in the third trilogy where he comes up with bicycle powered ''trains''.
* The ''Medici Trilogy'' by Martin Woodhouse and Robert Ross portrays LeonardoDaVinci using several interesting techniques and devices, apparently later lost to history. In the first book, he invents small, readily transportable cannon and the ballistic math to fire them accurately at targets he can't even see. Instead of trying to smash down walls, Leonardo and the cannoneers he turns into a strike team blast open doors -- or wipe out troops with grapeshot. He's also shown to have developed a mini-telescope. In the third book, he develops a clockwork mini-[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornithopter ornithopter]] as a toy, and later builds hang gliders to slip his team into an enemy-held city.
* Adrian Tchaikovsky's ''ShadowsOfTheApt'' series mostly runs on SteamPunk but there are also some clockwork devices like crank driven ornithopters and automobiles. This is particularly so in the Wasp Empire, which is slightly behind the Lowlands that it is invading technologically.
* RobertRankin's ''HollowChocolateBunniesOfTheApocalypse'' and its sequel ''The Toyminator'' take place in a clock punk/fantasy hyrbid world. Lead character Jack can't bring himself to believe he's stumbled on a city populated by LivingToys and real-life NurseryRhyme characters, but clockwork automobiles that never need fuel or, it seems, winding are apparently perfectly normal.
* The Dwarves in E. E. Knight's ''Literature/AgeOfFire'' use this a lot.
* Used in ''ThePhantomOfTheOpera'' to an extent; a great deal of the Phantom's death traps and other devices involve sophisticated clockwork. It's also mentioned that when he was younger he built realistic-looking humanoid automatons to the Shah of Persia. Given that when the book was written, clockwork was about as fancy as most technology got, this makes sense.
* In the CyberPunk novel ''Literature/TheWindupGirl'', [[AppliedPhlebotinum advanced metallurgy]] is used to create hand-wound 'kink-springs' which are the only available portable power source in a future where all the oil has been used up.
* The main setting of Hannu Rajaniemi's ''TheQuantumThief'', the Oubliette Colony on Mars follows the aesthetics of Clock Punk very closely, most notably with the Watches that measure each citizen's time as a Noble before they are turned into robotic Quiet - they combine mechanical clock parts with quantum entanglement - but in terms of technological advancement they are a hyperadvanced transhuman civilization - and still the technological backwater from the perspective of the inner planets.
* William Gibson's ''TheDifferenceEngine'' is primarily SteamPunk, but there's still some Clock Punk stuff mixed in with it; prominent examples include the Japanese drink-serving [[ClockworkCreature automaton]] and the fearsome wind-up submachine guns.
* In ''PerdidoStreetStation'', khepri technology is primarily based on "metaclockwork" designs, alongside a bit of OrganicTechnology.
* There's a bit of Clock Punk in ''TheBaroqueCycle'', most notably Daniel's mechanical computer. Interestingly, the series ends with him, towards the end of his life, looking approvingly at [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcomen_engine Newcomen's engine]]; the saga ends as the Age of Steam begins.
* The title DoomsdayDevice in ''Literature/{{Angelmaker}}'' by Creator/NickHarkaway.
* Not exactly Clock Punk but this trope is the one which seems to best fit Wynne Whiteford's semi-hard sci-fi story ''Lake of the Sun'', where the Martians have retreated far underground due to the loss of Mars' atmosphere and now use spring powered cars and boats which are wound from waterfalls along an underground river. The rewinding seems to take an improbably short time even though the master springs at the waterfalls are supposed to be immensely powerful.
* In Creator/WilliamAlexander's ''Literature/GoblinSecrets'', clockwork is heavily used. Graba has clockwork legs. Soldiers have clockwork legs; some have clockwork arms; the captain has a clockwork eye.
* Since the series revolves so much around time, it's fitting that Garth Nix's ''KeysToTheKingdom'' series features a lot of clockpunk-esque technology when inside the House.
* Titan clocks in ''[[Literature/DoctrineOfLabyrinths The Doctrine of Labyrinths]]'' have some [[{{Magitek}} connection to magic]], are made partly out of bone, have been around since millenia, and have the bonus feature of [[BrownNote driving some of their listeners]] to suicide. Oh, and the biggest one that our heroes [[SealedEvilInACan find]] is an out-and-out DoomsdayDevice.
* ''Literature/TheRithmatist'' by BrandonSanderson is set in a very different America where guns and trains are powered by wind-up mechanisms and even churches include clockwork-powered automaton statues of saints and cogwheel imagery in the stained glass windows. [[spoiler:Justified, as it turns out that the early settlers found that clockwork repels the 'chalklings' they were fighting, so ended up using it for everything]].
* ''Literature/TheProductionsOfTime'' by Paul Witcover.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** The clockwork maintenance droids in the episode [[Recap/DoctorWhoS28E4TheGirlInTheFireplace "The Girl in the Fireplace"]]. Unlike most these are from the 51st century, appearing to be meant to repair a spaceship without the need for conventional power sources.
** More generally, the Time Lords are replete with clock motifs, from the gear-shaped hats to their writing system, which is full of circles and looks like some sort of seasonal chart.
* The ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' episode "Concerning Flight" features a hologram of LeonardoDaVinci equipped with the space-age technology to realize his designs. A few other Voyager episodes feature his creations as well.
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine''. In "Explorers" Sisko and his son build a Bajoran light-sail craft with a distinctive clockpunk appearance.
* The award-winning [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s7L2PVdrb_8 opening]] to ''Series/GameOfThrones'' is filled to the brim with [[SceneryPorn stunning]] Clock Punk.
* The Creator/{{CBBC}} series ''Series/{{Leonardo}}'' has Leo (of course) creating Clock Punk devices for the sake of it, and a sinister conspiracy who want to use it as a weapon.
* Series/{{Alias}}. The "Rambaldi Artifacts."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:NewspaperComics]]
* A strip in ''The Economist'' had a strip captioned "The car that has Big Oil shaking in it's boots," and pictured a terrified business man looking at a wind-up car big enough to ride in.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* EmilieAutumn's stage shows involve Clock Punk and Steampunk props and costumes.
* VernianProcess, to a degree. Especially songs like "Her Clockwork Heart".
* ''The Watchmaker's Apprentice'' by ClockworkQuartet is a VillainSong about a disgruntled ex-employee framing his boss for murder using a weaponized pocket watch. [[note]]I guess you could say the victim was killed...*GlassesPull*...by a PunchClockVillain. ''[[CSIMiami YEEEEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAH]]''[[/note]]
** Given the name of the band, it should be no surprise that their other music also heavily features Clock Punk themes.
* The new {{Rush}} album, called Clockwork angels has a lot of themes of this.
** Also in the 2010 Time Machine tour.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
* A TabletopRPG example is ''TabletopGame/{{Deadlands}}: The Weird West'', though it seems to slide between CattlePunk and Clock Punk as the players demand.
** Although it's predominantly SteamPunk as mechanical gizmos are usually powered by ghostrock, an extremely efficient coal imbued with spiritual energy.
* In ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'', The LawfulNeutral {{heaven}} is [[http://www.mimir.net/mechanus/index.shtml Mechanus]], a place where continents, cities, and even many of the local lifeforms are actually made out of gears.
** Some of the domains of TabletopGame/{{Ravenloft}} make use of clockpunk-style mechanisms. These may be either genuine clockwork technology, or golems that only ''look'' like clockwork, depending on the domain and the sanity (or lack thereof) of their makers.
* [[TabletopGame/UnknownArmies Mechanomancers]] are Clock Punk magicians in the modern day, who build sentient constructs powered by [[PowerBornOfMadness pieces of their own sanity]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Theater]]
* The wheel of death act in Creator/CirqueDuSoleil's ''Theatre/{{Zarkana}}'' has clock gears as its (computer-generated) backdrop. As the acrobats make the wheel spin, the gears turn and generate ''electric sparks''!
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Toys]]
* Mechanisms like this appeared at times in {{Bionicle}}, although they never really dominated the universe. Toy-wise, most of the earlier sets had gear-based action features, which the designers gradually abandoned. Story-wise, Turaga Dume's secret chamber in the second movie had a sundial-mirror-thing built into its floor, that used a clockwork mechanism to rotate. And though we didn't see it, the [[AIIsACrapshoot Vahki]] robots also made use of these according to WordOfGod.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* The ''VideoGame/{{Syberia}}'' AdventureGame duology ''revels'' in all kinds of clockwork mechanisms: from a CoolTrain that has to be rewound at each station, to [[RidiculouslyHumanRobots quasi-sentient clockwork automatons]].
** And you better call them "automata", never "[[InsistentTerminology robots]]".
* The ''Franchise/{{Castlevania}}'' reboot ''[[VideoGame/CastlevaniaLordsOfShadow Lords of Shadow]]'' features a truly beautiful series of levels blending this with elements of DungeonPunk and LightningCanDoAnything, even culminating in a series of boss battles against a [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot electrified clockwork scorpion... thing]]. Makes a sort of sense, considering you're meant to be exploring Dr. Frankenstein's ([[Literature/{{Frankenstein}} that one]], [[OurMonstersAreDifferent but not]]) laboratory.
* ''DeadlyRoomsOfDeath'' has no form of power generation and no large beasts of burden, so the weights that power the clockworks of various machinery have to be rewound by human work.
* The devices summoned by SquishyWizard Amadeus in ''VideoGame/{{Trine}}'' all have a gear motif to them.
* ''VideoGame/DwarfFortress'' lets you build pumps, traps, [[PointlessDoomsdayDevice doomsday devices]] and even ''computers'' (painfully slow but [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_completeness Turing complete]]) with stone gears, wooden axles, metal pumps, and water/magma, powered by water wheels or windmills.
* The clock tower in ''VideoGame/PrinceOfPersiaWarriorWithin''.
* ''RiseOfNations: RiseOfLegends'' has the Vinci faction, which has a clockwork Soldier armed with a LightningGun, a clockwork Spider, armed with a flak cannon and an "electrical web generator", and an experimental computer device than allows you to manipulate your economy.
** The game is, basically, a Clock Punk Renaissance Italy {{Expy}} vs ''ArabianNights'' (with genies and creatures made of glass) vs SufficientlyAdvancedAlien technology. It also mixes with SteamPunk.
* Skytown in ''VideoGame/MetroidPrime 3'' is a floating city with equal parts SteamPunk and Clock Punk technology... and [[SceneryPorn damn is it pretty]].
* ''VideoGame/{{Thief}}'' has a fair share of this, along with a DarkerAndEdgier medieval take on typical SteamPunk.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyIX'' has strong elements of this, mixed with a magical fantasy setting. Lindblum is probably the best example of the gear and clockwork machinery. Steam power has been developed, but due to the prototypes being stolen or faulty, it isn't harnessed by the heroes until the third disc.
* ''VideoGame/KingdomOfLoathing'' has clockwork PowerArmor (and weapons) and several types of clockwork robots .
* ''VideoGame/FableII'' veers closer to this than {{Steampunk}}, despite it's 18th-century setting. The only fantastic technology in the game appears to be clockwork, including clockwork repeating flintlock weapons.
* The Clockwork Beast from ''VideoGame/TheNeverhood''.
* The Charr civilization in ''GuildWars2'' are described as this in an interview.
* The gnomes of Ak'Anon in EverQuest build their city and society around tinkered up Clockwork contraptions. 500 years later in EverQuest 2, the clockwork robots took over Ak'Anon and renamed it to Klak'anon. Kicked out by the very contraptions they built.
* The Mad Hatter's realm in ''AmericanMcGeesAlice'' and ''AliceMadnessReturns'' is mostly made out of clockwork and giant tea sets.
* ''{{Okage}}: Shadow King'' has Madril, an entire town devoted to Clock Punk.
* Many of the platforming puzzles in the Renaissance-era ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'' games make use of this.
* {{Wizard 101}} has clockwork golems as enemies throughout the spiral. They often fight along side [[EliteMook the usually stronger]] [[SteamPunk Iron Golems]].
* {{Pirate 101}} has the same technology of {{Wizard101}} used in Valencia [[https://kingsisle.hs.llnwd.net/e1/image/free/Pirate/Images/armada-marine.gif?v=2 only they are much more beautifully crafted.]]
* The entire setting of the game {{VideoGame/Resonance Of Fate}} / End of Eternity back in Japan. The game world takes place in Basel, a clock-punk gigantic tower that houses whole continents. The entire thing, everything, including atmosphere generation, rock-grinding in lower levels, the architecture of the buildings, even what passes as the in-universe version of [[DeusEstMachina God]] is made of gears. It has been working for centuries as humanity's last refuge from an unspecified disaster, but of course, come the course of the plot, glitches in the system has started to manifest. It's also very, very massive. [[http://www.playdar.co.uk/media/Review%20images/resonance_of_fate_game-HD.jpg Look at]] [[http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-dbTOZvKwPcg/TyO8WLqwx7I/AAAAAAAAAVs/HrR6nYKmXXI/s1600/resonance_of_fate_basel.jpg the thing]]!
* ''VideoGame/ClockWerx'' is a clockwork-themed PuzzleGame, with an ExcusePlot that varies between regions. In the Western version, you're trying to fix the Master Clock of the Universe; in the Japanese version, an altercation with a cursed alarm clock sucks you into another dimension where you yourself become a clock hand.
* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedBrotherhood'' leans on this slightly by having LeonardoDaVinci actually construct some of the machines he designed in real life, including a flyer, a tank, and an ironclad gunboat, all of which you get to use.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* Agatha Clay, the female protagonist in ''Webcomic/GirlGenius'', creates little thinking, self-replicating clock-work robots that follow her around and help out in various ways. Although the comic belongs to the SteamPunk genre, this particular feature is clearly clockpunk.
** The clockwork robots created by [[MadScientist the Spark]] Rembrandt van Rijn are considered the pinnacle of the Clock Punk art. [[PhilFoglio Phil and Kaja]] prefer to describe the setting as "Victorian Gaslamp Fantasy". One [[FridgeBrilliance might suppose]] it the result of society following the path of further refinements in Clock Punk, instead of dirtier coal-driven [[SteamPunk steam engines]]... at least in the Europa ruled by [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Baron Klaus Wulfenbach]].
* ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' brings us the Land Of Heat And Clockwork, which mixes this with LethalLavaLand.
** Things related to the Aspect of Time in general have a gear/clock motif.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-217 SCP-217]], a virus which turns the organisms it infects into clockwork creatures, in the Wiki/SCPFoundation.
** Also [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-882 SCP-882]], a gearbox that mind-controls people into feeding it spare parts, and [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-914 SCP-914]], "The Clockworks".
*** These objects, along with others, are believed by the [[{{Cult}} Church of the Broken God]] to be the pieces of a clockwork god, and they fight the Foundation in an effort to retrieve and reunite these parts. If they succeeded it would probably result in everything on Earth being transformed into clockwork, ''including the Earth itself'', but [[InfernalParadise the Church is probably just fine with that]].
* The Dominion from ''Literature/DominionAndDuchy'' is described as using clockwork technology. To clarify, this is a science-fiction series featuring a galactic government run from a clockwork '''''planet!''''' The gears are apparently turned by something called an "Eternity Gate".
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* ''AdventuresOfTheGummiBears'', wherein most examples are Gummi-built LostTechnology.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'', Leonardo daVinci's hidden inventions have this. [[spoiler: So does the entire planet of Vinci, though they do also have holograms and rendering software.]]
** We don't see how the [[spoiler: holograms and rendering software]] work. They could also run on Clockwork.
* Mechanicles from Disney's ''WesternAnimation/AladdinTheSeries'' makes heavy use of it.
* The tinker fairies in ''Franchise/DisneyFairies'' use this a lot.
* The fortress of Nox from ''WesternAnimation/{{Wakfu}}'' (pictured) is composed entirely of Clock Punk. Makes sense, considering that he is a [[TimeMaster Xelor]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Real Life]]
* As mentioned above, LeonardoDaVinci is noted for, among other things, sketches of then-futuristic devices that resemble clockpunk versions of modern devices including helicopters, gliders, parachutes, main battle tanks, and even robots. Recently testing has suggested that his designs for triangular parachutes and Gatling guns would have actually worked.
** The majority of them seem like they would work. The problem is that [[AwesomeButImpractical they're inefficient and in Leonardo's day a lot of them would have been extremely difficult and expensive to construct.]]
*** If not downright impossible: most of them relied on human or animal muscle power.
* The ancient Greeks had some pretty advanced clockwork-style devices that we know next to nothing about, because the only surviving sample is the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antikythera_mechanism Antikythera mechanism]], and the written record about their machines is very thin. But studies of the Antikythera mechanism put its complexity and craft as comparable to 18th century Europe.
* Al-Jazari, a medieval Middle-Eastern scientist, had many inventions, including a musical band made of Automatons, centuries(2 centuries, to be precise) before Leonardo.
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flywheel_energy_storage Super-Flywheels]] is a moder mechanical accumulator of energy, which is promoted by number of scientists, like famous Soviet inventor Nurbei Gulia.
* Japanese ''karakuri'' dolls and their 18th century European counterparts: Gear driven robots that could do things such as play music, serve food or write. Pretty much the direct ancestors of those creepy fembots they always show in Japanese tech exhibitions nowadays.
* In Europe in the period directly before the Industrial Revolution kicked off, clockwork technology had become very advanced, to the point where some truly elaborate setups were constructed in the richer royal courts. One example was an entire clockwork garden where as you walked through it, pressure on the floor plates would cause various clockwork animals to react as if alive. Several natural philosophers of the time wrote of these clockwork displays as their inspiration for later machinery.
* The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Difference_engine difference engine]].
** Its successor, the analytical engine, had it ever been built, would have been the first ever general-purpose, programmable, Turing-complete, digital computing machine. How awesome is that?
*** Awesome enough that someone's trying to finish the design and [[http://plan28.org/ build it.]]
* The mechanical calculators. Later models (after 1930s) could have several ''thousand'' gears. See for example [[http://home.vicnet.net.au/~wolff/calculators/Categories.htm this page]] for web museum of mechanical calculators.
* The sea clocks of John Harrison. He was never trained as a clockmaker, he was just a genius and taught himself. In the process, he developed the grasshopper escapement and encased roller bearings. He eventually built four sea clocks, designed for the purpose of finding longitude at sea, something which had been disastrously impossible before. Check out Dava Sobel's book ''Longitude'' for more on the subject.
* Occasionally invoked even today, as an alternative to powered devices. An example would be spring-driven carts that automatically roll themselves across a factory floor when a predetermined weight is transferred onto them, then tip out their contents and roll back to their previous position.
* The Old London Bridge stood for over 600 years housing buildings up to seven stories high, overhanging the water and the road by seven feet, as well as a drawbridge, and two waterwheels which not only powered pumps and mills, but also interfered with the river's flow and boat transit. Truely a marvelous monstrosity of the clockwork era.
* [[http://coilhouse.net/2008/03/the-iron-hand-of-gotz-von-berlichingen/ The Iron Hand of Götz Von Berlichingen]], a prosthetic that Von Berlichingen made after he lost his hand to a cannonball. It had fully articulated fingers that could be manipulated by a series of springs, levers, and buttons and could hold anything from a quill to a sword. He made this in ''1504''. See, [[Franchise/EvilDead Ash Williams']] hand isn't so unrealistic after all.
[[/folder]]

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