[[quoteright:330:[[Film/MrVampire http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/chinesevampire_330_6492.jpg]]]]
->''"Stop shooting! I'm not a zombie! I'm a jiang shi! I don't even eat people OR their brains!"''
-->-- '''[[VideoGame/{{Darkstalkers}} Hsien-Ko's]]''' win quote to [[Franchise/ResidentEvil Chris Redfield]] in ''VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom3''

The monster called a 'Chinese Vampire' (Simplified: 僵尸; Traditional: 殭屍; Pinyin: Jiāng Shī) has also been translated as a ''hopping corpse'' or ''hopping vampire'', among other names. The Mandarin name is romanized as ''jiangshi'', [[UsefulNotes/WhyMaoChangedHisName usually]].

As the Chinese are proud to claim, the concept of this monster developed independently of Slavic vampires - though there are similarities, such that 'Vampire' has often made it into the translated name. A typical Chinese Vampire drains life energy, like the Slavic vamps of old, though more and more ''jiangshi'' are draining blood while they're at it due to cross-cultural influence. Behaviour-wise, however, the Chinese Vampire is much more bestial in its monstrosity than its Slavic counterpart; it cannot speak, has pale skin, long claw-like fingernails, and a [[OverlyLongTongue long prehensile tongue]]. In what would probably be a particularly huge display of the UncannyValley, it moves by hopping and always has its arms outstretched in rigor mortis. Often a bit on the decayed side, they typically wear shabby robes of the kind worn by the nobility in times gone by - nowadays, Qing Dynasty-style robes are the thing. Interestingly, a literal translation of ''jiangshi'' is "Stiff Corpse"; being dead, of course, the body is stiff from rigor mortis and has to hop as the subtle motions of walking are beyond it.

In some versions, it detects potential victims by the energy fluctuations caused by their breathing - one can hide, for a while, from one by holding one's breath. Some of these stories purport that if one manages to suck the creature's dying (and still held) breath out of it, it will fall inanimate and become an ordinary corpse. Folklore may also suggest escaping it by strewing many small objects, such as rice, in its path, which it [[BeatItByCompulsion would feel compelled to count]] (much like [[Series/SesameStreet another vampire]], more familiar to western audiences). It may be controlled with a [[PaperTalisman parchment inscribed with runes]] placed on its head. Legend has it that the jiangshi were corpses enchanted by sorcerers to return to their ancestral burial grounds, where they might be buried among their family, because actually transporting the corpse through conventional means from far away places was usually far too expensive for the average peasant.

Like Slavic vampires and Anglo zombies, a person drained of life-energy will become another of its kind - minus the robes, of course. Unless they were wearing them at the time.

Typical weaknesses of a jiangshi include the blood of a black dog, a wooden sword made from a peach tree, a hen's egg, glutinous rice (by extension of its use in the attempt to draw poisons from a living body), and the urine of a virgin boy. In case you were wondering, the classic KillItWithFire is implied by the text of ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zi_Bu_Yu Zi Bu Yu]]'' to work as well. It's been suggested due to the jiangshi's lack of advanced motor function, one could pull off FlippingHelpless on it if it was knocked onto its back.

The myth is an out-growth of an earlier legend to the effect that a person who died far from home could be brought back home for burial, which was greatly preferable, by a Daoist magician or priest's affixing a parchment with an effective prescription to its forehead and leading it home, often with the accompaniment of a drum to tell it when to hop. Some expanded this into entire of squads of hopping corpses led across the countryside, it being cheaper that way...though more prone to one's getting lost, or undetectedly exceeding the limits of its animating spell and going rogue.

Subtrope of OurVampiresAreDifferent. Compare ClassicalMovieVampire, LooksLikeOrlok. Not to be confused with a western-style vampire who is ethnically Chinese.

Incidentally, in Chinese, the word Jiāng Shī is also applied to the Anglo zombies (alongside 丧尸/喪屍 Sàng Shī which exclusively means zombies), while Slavic vampires use another term entirely 吸血鬼 (Xī Xuè Guǐ, literally Blood-Sucking Ghost). A Chinese man would find jiangshi to be closer to zombies than vampires.

[[JustForFun/IThoughtItMeant Not to be confused]] with [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiang_Shi the actual Chinese poet Jiang Shi.]]


[[folder: Anime & Manga]]
* The corpse servants of the Tao family in ''Manga/ShamanKing''. Fitting for a Chinese family of shamans. The family tends to kill people with strong bodies to fill out their army of corpses. Lee Pai-Long, Jun's personal servant, has the full outfit and everything, but is much less stiff, seeing as he's a BruceLeeClone.
* The CMX manga ''[[http://www.dccomics.com/cmx/?action=on_sale&i=8565 Zombie Fairy]]'' features one of these in the title role.
* ''Franchise/DragonBall'':
** Chiaotzu appears to be based on these, wearing a Qing Dynasty outfit and having extremely pale skin. His telepathic attacks also require him having his arms outstretched, in a rather jiangshi-esque way.
** Android 19 also shares many similarities to them, namely his pale white skin and [[EnergyAbsorption his absorption of fighters' ki to power himself]] via stretching his arms out in front of an attack.
* Ling-Ling from ''Manga/RosarioToVampire'' is a Chinese Jiang Shi, who can freely [[LosingYourHead dismember and reassemble herself]]. She commands an army of [[OurZombiesAreDifferent Zombies]], though it's seen that her "friends" have some degree of independence. She's also capable of using the [[AbsurdlySharpBlade Jigen-Tou]], though she's the least skilled of its three users.
* Rin Azuma from ''Manga/YozakuraQuartet'' is one, though she [[CuteMonsterGirl doesn't quite look the part]]. In fact, her only vampiric traits seem to be her need to keep a talisman on her person [[spoiler:and her vulnerability to a {{Necromancer}}'s mind-control.]] Also [[SphereOfDestruction matter-destroying forcefields]] in the anime.
* In ''Manga/DailyLifeWithMonsterGirl'', Jiang-shi are a sub-species to zombies, primarily found in Asian countries like China and Taiwan. They tend to suffer from rigor-mortis almost daily, especially after sleep, locking up their elbows and knees, forcing them to practise tai chi every day to open up their joints. Chapter 39 introduced the first named jiang-shi in the form of Shiishii.
* In one episode of ''Anime/WanWanCelebSoreyukeTetsunoshin'', Chin dresses up as a jiang shi as part of a horror attraction held in a cemetery. While Tetsunoshin has no idea what a jiang shi is, Victoria both knows and [[WhyDidItHaveToBeSnakes is afraid enough of them]] that she ''punts'' Chin clear off-screen purely out of fear.

[[folder: Comic Books]]
* Turn up in ''ComicBook/TopTen'' as the Triad-analogue rivals of the Mafia-analogue European vampire mobsters.

[[folder: Film]]
* ''Film/MrVampire'' from 1985 is the classic example of a Chinese vampire in films. It started off a small craze of supernatural-themed movies in Hong Kong at the time, and had four sequels.
* ''Film/TheLegendOfThe7GoldenVampires'' (1974) is a co-production with Film/{{Hammer Horror}}, and features Western ''and'' Chinese vampires in the same film. It has been released cut with various titles such as ''Seven Brothers Meet Dracula''.
* ''Crazy Safari'', a Hong Kong-made SpinOff of the ''Film/TheGodsMustBeCrazy'' (also known as ''The Gods must be crazy 3, Vampires Must Be Crazy''). The corpse of a Chinese vampire is bought from an auction and flown with a plane to China in order to give it a proper burial. The plane crashes and a group of tribesmen (Bushmen) come across the vampire, and use it to get fruit out of a tree, by having it hop into it repeatedly. Yeah.
* Chinese vampires occasionally show up in the works of [[Film/GodfreyHoNinjaMovies Godfrey Ho]] but they take center stage in ''Film/RoboVampire''.
* The Hong Kong film ''Vampire vs. Vampire'' also features both types. The jiangshi is a child and friendly (it is shown [[VegetarianVampire sucking a tomato dry rather than drinking blood or lifeforce]]). The Western vampire is dug out of the ground but associated with an old church. [[SubvertedTrope They don't directly fight each other nearly as much as you might think from the title]].
* These feature heavily in the 2004 film ''Shaolin vs Evil Dead''.
* One of the blonde heroine's costume changes in ''Asian Dynamite'' is one of these.
* ''The Jitters'', an old movie inspired by ''Mr. Vampire'', involves a jiangshi getting loose in modern America.

* A classic example of a hopping corpse is sent to first threaten and then attack Geneviève Dieudonné in Creator/KimNewman's ''Literature/AnnoDracula''.
* Quite possibly the basis of the little-known Asia-based Jade Vampire Court mentioned in ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles''
* The ''Literature/MediochreQSethSeries'' sees them used as {{Mooks}} by the BigBad of ''[[ChristmasEpisode Born to Raise the Sons of Earth]]''.
* A "splendid example" of the kind kicks off the action in Barry Hughart's ''[[Literature/BridgeOfBirds The Story of the Stone]]''.
* This is touched upon in ''Literature/MoDaoZuShi''. The really tall thresholds at the entrances and exits of ancient Chinese coffin homes (like a morgue, except storing corpses in coffins and all) is meant to prevent them from getting out. See, when the corpse is animated by natural energy, the body is still undergoing ''rigor mortis'', so it can only hop, and it becomes difficult to hop over the threshold. So it hops, it trips, and it falls and stays on the ground until daybreak, where it could be discovered...

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* The mook enemies in ''Series/JukenSentaiGekiranger'', the Rinshi, are based on the jiangshi, though they [[EmotionEater feed off fear]] instead of life energy. That and jumping headfirst into cars and making them explode. A Rinshi that passes through the Chamber of Trials is worthy of becoming a MonsterOfTheWeek. DarkActionGirl main character Mele is a ''really'' strong one.
** Aside from parsing the name as two words rather than one, no significant changes seem to be made to the Rin Shi in ''Gekiranger'''s adaptation, ''Series/PowerRangersJungleFury''.
* In ''Series/ChoujuuSentaiLiveman'', a MonsterOfTheWeek transformed the departed souls lingering on Academia Island into Jiangshi in order to have a private army.
* ''Series/ForeverKnight'': Nick Knight is captured by a Chinese acupuncturist who (incorrectly) believes he killed his mother years before. He identifies Nick as a jiangshi.
* Featured in the initial episodes of ''Series/ChinesePaladin 3''; referred to as zombies.
* While not present in ''Series/BloodTies'', they are mentioned by Coreen in reference to "Illuminacion del sol," a sun-shaped weapon that paralyzes a vampire when stuck in his or her chest. Despite the Spanish name, possibly given by its previous owner [[VampireHunter Monsignor Javier Mendoza]], it was actually created at the request of a Chinese emperor to battle jiangshi. Given that the weapon works on a Western vampire, it can be assumed that these jiangshi are the same, although the number of supernatural beings in existence in this verse could indicate otherwise.
* The "Okami" from ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'', who looks like a growling asian teenager who feeds on people. Apparently, since Western vampires must be staked in the chest, Eastern ones must be impaled with a ''bamboo'' stake. [[TheresNoKillLikeOverkill Seven times]]. Oh, and the stake must have been blessed by a Shinto priest.

[[folder: Manhua]]

* ''Manhua/{{Bloodline}}'': Is a much nicer form of this trope...in a sense. It's played straight with [[OrdinaryHighSchoolStudent Chong Yin and Ye Ren]] in the prequels.


[[folder: Music]]

* [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcpzqZrpLVM RTRT]] by Mili is about a girl befriending one of these by offering him normal human food. The two get along great, at least until [[spoiler: he gets shot.]]


[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/KindredOfTheEast'', an entire roleplaying supplement in the ''TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness''. Calling themselves the ''Kuei-Jin'', they are spirits of the dead who fought their way back from one of the 1001 hells and back into their bodies, which they reanimate and keep alive by feeding on the chi of other people. In the setting's present day, they're usually involved in turf wars with western vampires. Only people of Asian descent can become Kuei-Jin. Primarily [[PlotHole another example]] of the setting's many conflicting religions which are [[FantasyKitchenSink all somehow true]] ''[[FantasyKitchenSink and]]'' [[FantasyKitchenSink mutually exclusive from one another]].
** And a book for the new line, ''TabletopGame/VampireTheRequiem'', features the jiangshi, ghosts bound to their bodies and graves who seek out the life of the living. It's part of a whole book on things in the setting that are vampiric without being, well, vampires.
* One of the many monsters used by the Eaters of the Lotus from the [[TabletopGames Tabletop RPG]] ''TabletopGame/FengShui''. The Architects of the Flesh also use them, modifying them with Arcanowave technology to become Bouncing Benjys.
* The ''TabletopGame/{{Deadlands}}'' faction known as the Maze Rats, which were a gang of mostly Chinese pirates, had one of these, with the instructions to "remove the paper from its forehead and stand back" in case of emergencies.
* ''TabletopGame/AllFleshMustBeEaten'' is mostly geared toward [[SurvivalHorror survival horror]] and monsters [[ZombieApocalypse in the Romero tradition]], but the ''Atlas of the Walking Dead'' supplement features information and stats for various monsters from around the world, including "gyonshi" [[UsefulNotes/WhyMaoChangedHisName (alternate romanization)]].
* Hungry ghosts from ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}''.
* Ghostrick Jiangshi is a LighterAndSofter version of a Jiangshi in ''TabletopGame/YuGiOh''. He can search out his comrades very easily.
** A straighter example is [[http://yugioh.wikia.com/wiki/Master_Kyonshee Master Kyonshee,]] a Normal Zombie-Type Monster whose name is a misspelling of "''kyonshi''," the Japanese term for a ''jiangshi.'' Unlike Ghostrick Jiangshi, Master Kyonshee isn't shown hopping, but instead appears as the revived body of an OldMaster of some kind, put to evil use--the paper over his face reads "Cursed."
* Appear as enemies in the Asian film expansion of ''TabletopGame/GraveRobbersFromOuterSpace''.

[[folder: Toys]]
* Toys/LivingDeadDolls Series 27, a "monsters of the world" collection, includes the Hopping Vampire, who comes with a velcro spell tag which can attach to its head.

[[folder: Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/PhantomFighter'' puts you in the role of a traveling monk who goes around fighting ''jiangshi'' (or "Kyonshies" as the game calls them- the Japanese pronunciation of the Chinese characters for ''jiangshi''). It's also notable for the fact that, with a special item, an UndeadChild Jiangshi is playable. ''Phantom Fighter'' was originally a video game adaptation of ''Film/MrVampire'', which was popular in Japan for a while.
* Hsien-ko (US)/Lei-Lei (Japan) in the video game ''VideoGame/{{Darkstalkers}}'' is a Jiang-shi; her sister's soul resides in the talisman on her forehead to protect Lei-Lei from losing control of her powers. A special move allows the two sisters to separate momentarily and let Lei Lei enter a kind of reckless state. This is lampshaded in ''VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom3'', where Lei-Lei has to remind [[Franchise/ResidentEvil Chris and Jill]] that she's completely different from [[OurZombiesAreDifferent the other type of undead]] they're used to dealing with.
* ''VideoGame/SuperMarioLand'' has a jiang-shi enemy named Pionpi as the game's equivalent of [[DemBones Dry Bones]]; jumping on it squishes it, but it'll pop back up after a short while.
* ''VideoGame/Sly3HonorAmongThieves'' has ''praying mantis'' jiangshi revived by black magic.
* From ''VideoGame/KingdomHeartsII'', we have the Nightwalker Heartless, which is exclusive to The Land of Dragons, Disney/{{Mulan}}'s homeworld. [[spoiler: Some of them happen to be Shang's army, who succumbed to fatigue after marching to the city from the mountains. [[{{WhatHappenedToTheMouse}} It's unknown if they were revived upon defeat]], though given Organization XIII's desire to collect hearts, [[{{KilledOffForReal}} it's unlikely]]]].
* ''VideoGame/RagnarokOnline'' has [[BlueBoyPinkGirl male (Bongun) and female (Munak)]] versions. They bounce to move. Later expansion adds a bishonen one, Yao Jun. Bongun, Munak, and he have a rather sad little love triangle plot. As usual with monsters in ''VideoGame/RagnarokOnline'', you can tame them as pets (Bongun and Munak are tamed with love letters and diaries from each other) and get their [[NiceHat hats]].
* An optional boss in ''VideoGame/CastlevaniaOrderOfEcclesia'' is a jiangshi. Surprisingly, it's the only boss to ''not'' be permanently destroyed after you beat it; it is frozen by a talisman upon defeat, and if you attack it again, the talisman will break, causing it to revive and attack you, once more.
* A particular level in ''VideoGame/{{Spelunky}}'' features jiangshi as relatively weak enemies in a graveyard.
* Star Wars-based videogame ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic'' featured Rakhgouls, a kind of low-level monster which were quite close to the real deal.
* The final game of the NES ''Family Trainer'' series was "Baby Kyonshi's Ladder Adventure". A game played using the powerpad in which a child jiangshi attempted to find his parents. The game, [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin as the title suggests]], uses a random ladder based system to determine what areas you enter. Aside from the KidHero, the game also features evil jiangshi as enemies.
* The Simple 2000 title ''The Kyonshi Panic'', aka ''Zombie Attack'', involves rescuing survivors from a building infested with Jiang Shi.
* ''Website/GaiaOnline'' has a "Gung Xi" set, for [[http://www.tektek.org/avatar/36354841 males]] and [[http://www.tektek.org/avatar/36354945 females.]] The shoes are described as "Special shoes built for hopping." and all the other items make references to being for dead Chinese people; it's pretty likely they're a direct reference to the Ragnarok Online [=NPCs=].
** The female set in the link has the [[ShoutOut same color scheme]] as [[VideoGame/{{Darkstalkers}} LeiLei/Hsien-Ko]].
* ''VideoGame/{{Overwatch}}'' has the trope name as a special skin for Mei that can only ever be obtained from lootboxes during Halloween season.
* Since ''jiangshi'' are hopping Chinese vampires, ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' fans once quipped that SupernaturalMartialArts AnimeChineseGirl Hong Meiling - who premiered in a game of two final boss vampires - may {{Expy}} one. She doesn't get this as much anymore since fans now equate her to ''dragons''.
** Thanks to ''Ten Desires'', we now have an ''actual'' jiangshi/kyonshi in Yoshika Miyako; she is, however, presented in a way more reminiscent of an American zombie. Justified because of how much more common the typical zombie interpretation is, and Gensokyo literally runs on fantasy.
* Though this image of him has faded from ''VideoGame/MortalKombat2'' onward, [[VideoGame/MortalKombat the first appearance]] of Shang Tsung from ''MortalKombat'' matched this trope well. A pale, wizened old man, he looked like a corpse; he didn't hop, but instead floated off the ground. And wouldn't you know it, his whole modus operandi is stealing souls.
** Liu Kang also counts too, since he's killed off by Shang Tsung in ''Deadly Alliance'' and his body was [[BackFromTheDead resurrected]] by Raiden as a [[CameBackWrong Jiangshi]] (Chinese zombie) monk in ''Deception'', complete with a pair of enchanted Houan chains acting as a talisman.
* A family of them appear in ''[[VideoGame/{{Onmyoji}} Onmyōji]]'', but unlike most examples, they do have intelligence, are capable of speech and are one of the ''good'' characters. Oh, and they don't [[LifeDrain suck life]] either, that honor goes to a number of other characters including a ''Western-style vampire''.
* In ''VideoGame/ShiningForceIII'', one of the maps has you in a grave yard surrounded by zombified villagers who insist on hoping everywhere. You can kill them, but doing so would keep them from being cured and turn the town into a literal ghost town. Luckily, a friendly monk who was just passing by joins your party and has a special ability to cure them.
* The UsefulNotes/SegaMasterSystem game ''Kung Fu Kid'' has kyonshi as enemies on nearly every level.
* This is one of Rufus's alternate costumes in ''[[VideoGame/StreetFighterIV Super Street Fighter IV]]''.
* A few of these appear in The Temple of Xi'an in ''VideoGame/FearEffect2RetroHelix''. They are invincible and can paralyze you if they hit you.
* ''VideoGame/KungFuChaos'' has a few of these as enemies. They spin like a top when touched, shredding players to gory pieces.
* ''VideoGame/SleepingDogs'' "Nightmare in North Point" DLC features jiangshi. Wei has to beat them up to get enough magic power to defeat the yaoguai, and throw them into the MookMaker to seal it.
* The Creator/{{Capcom}} side-scrolling beat 'em up ''VideoGame/TigerRoad'' had jiangshi enemies on one level.
* ''[[VideoGame/HiryuNoKen Flying Warriors]]'' had jiangshi as enemies in the Chinatown level, with a giant jiangshi subboss at its end.
* Jiangshi appeared as enemies in only one level of ''VideoGame/DoubleDragonNeon''. Coincidentally, the same level has undead versions of many previous foes.
* ''VideoGame/ViceProjectDoom'' also had a Chinatown level with jiangshi in it.
* ''VideoGame/VampireTheMasqueradeBloodlines''' plot revolves around a conflict between classic Western vampires and Jiangshi, with the latter as the bad guys and the former as the good guys. [[BlackAndGrayMorality Well, for a given value of "good", anyway]]. The game is based on the ''TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness'' universe, so you may want to check out the ''Kindred of the East'' entry on this page for more info.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Putty}}'', the Oriental level has caped Chinese Vampires that hop around and drop other enemies.
* ''VideoGame/LaMulana'' has jiangshi as minor enemies in the Endless Corridor.
* In the (non-canon) ''VideoGame/ZombiesRun'' Halloween mission Wai Chu Xiao Xin, TheVirus has turned the residents of Chinatown into jiangshi. Sam tries to remember the stories his grandfather used to tell him about how to defeat jiangshi, and luckily Sam and Five are in Chinatown to pick up cooking supplies...
* These are recurring enemies in ''[[VideoGame/AlexKidd Alex Kidd and the Enchanted Castle]]''.

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* One of these is featured as the MonsterOfTheWeek in the ''WesternAnimation/JackieChanAdventures'' episode "Chi of the Vampire". The Jiangshi drains {{chi}} via green beams of light from his victim's eyes, which will turn them into his [[SlaveMooks vampiric minion]] if left untreated. He has most of the usual weaknesses, but loses them when he has drained enough chi. Jackie gets frustrated when he learns how bizarre the methods of fighting it are.
-->'''Jackie:''' "[[LampshadeHanging Where are you getting these rules from?]]"
* In ''WesternAnimation/MyLifeAsATeenageRobot'', [=XJ9=] a.k.a. Jenny goes to [[SadlyMythtaken Japan]] and battles a horde of these. They disappear into a puff of smoke when bonked on the head.
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPandaLegendsOfAwesomeness'' features these. For the most part, they're a pretty accurate depiction, though they do eat brains instead of chi.