Bob makes a historical/cultural/pop culture reference and Alice thinks he is referring to something entirely different. Bob corrects Alice but this only leads to another correction, which only confuses Alice again. Bob makes another correction and so on and so on.

Just one mistake and this would just a simple misunderstanding, however string together a chain of these and HilarityEnsues.

Due to the nature of this trope with [[ShownTheirWork multiple cultural references]] in quick succession, some of the allusions may fly over the audience's head. This usually doesn't actually hurt the comedic potential though.

See WhosOnFirst for this trope dealing solely with people with unfortunately confusing names.

----
!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Comedy ]]

* AbbottAndCostello's famous "WhosOnFirst" comedy routine, where Abbott tries identifying the players of a baseball team to Costello, but Costello's constant misinterpretation of the players' names and nicknames as non-responsive answers leads to Abbott constantly invoking the trope ... and leaving Costello even more confused and frustrated!

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* From FacingTheGiants:
-->'''J.T. Hawkins Jr.:''' By the way, some man called lookin' for you today.
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' Who?
-->'''J.T. Hawkins Jr.:''' Stan Schultz.
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' Stan Schultz?
-->'''J.T. Hawkins Jr.:''' Yeah.
-->'''Brady Owens:''' Stan Schultz - isn't that a cartoonist?
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' That's *Charles* Schultz.
-->'''J.T. Hawkins Jr.:''' No, I thought Charles Schultz was that man that flew across the ocean in "The Spirit of St. Andrews."
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' That's Charles Lindbergh, and it's "The Spirit of St. Louis."
-->'''Brady Owens:''' Naw, Lindbergh is a cheese!
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' Limburger's the cheese. Lindbergh's the man.
-->'''J.T. Hawkins Jr.:''' No, Lindbergh was that blimp that blew up and killed all them people.
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' That's the Hindenburg.
-->'''Brady Owens:''' Nah, Hindenburg's where you go skiing in Tennessee.
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' That's Gatlinburg!
-->'''J.T. Hawkins Jr.:''' Gatlinburg? You mean like the country music group, the Gatlinburg Brothers?
-->'''Grant Taylor:''' [throws ball] Crazy.


[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* From ''{{Psych}}'':
-->'''Shawn:''' "I decided to be and therefore I am." Socrates said that.
-->'''Gus:''' No, that was Descartes.
-->'''Shawn:''' That was the cologne I wore in high school.
-->'''Gus:''' No, that was Drakkar Noir.
-->'''Shawn:''' That was a wine.
-->'''Gus:''' That's pinot noir.
** Psych does this a ''lot''. Shawn seems to do it on purpose, like many of his BookDumb moments, mostly to annoy Gus.
* ''Series/{{The Office|US}}'' has been doing this a lot, for example:
-->'''Michael:''' I am going to donate to Afghanistanis with AIDS.
-->'''Jim:''' Whoa, I think you mean the Aid to Afghanistan.
-->'''Michael:''' No, I mean Afghanistanis with AIDS.
-->'''Phyllis:''' Afghani.
-->'''Michael:''' What?
-->'''Phyllis:''' Afghani.
-->'''Michael:''' That's a dog.
-->'''Pam:''' No, that's Afghan.
-->'''Michael:''' That's a shawl.
-->'''Dwight:''' Wait, canine AIDS?
-->'''Michael:''' No, humans with AIDS.
-->'''Creed:''' Who has AIDS?
-->'''Jim:''' Guys, the Afghanistanannis.
-->'''Michael:''' Okay, you know what? No, no. AIDS is not funny. Believe me, I have tried.
** Aaaaand a somewhat shorter one:
--->'''Pam:''' It's almost time for Ultra-Feast! Where's Kevin?
--->'''Michael:''' What? You wanna eat cat food with Kevin and not go to the hospital?
--->'''Oscar:''' That's Fancy Feast. Ultra-Feast is something they made up so they can pig out together in the name of ceremony.
--->'''Michael:''' What is Oktoberfeast? (sic)
* A short but funny example from ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'', after Willow has been called "Old Reliable."
-->'''Willow:''' (sarcastically) Old Reliable, yeah, that's really a sexy nickname.
-->'''Xander:''' She means you're like a geyser of fun that goes off at regular intervals.
-->'''Willow:''' That's Old Faithful.
-->'''Xander:''' Isn't that the dog that the guy had to shoot...
-->'''Willow:''' That's Old Yeller.
-->'''Buffy:''' Xander, I beg you not to help me.
* This exchange from ''Series/{{Wings}}'':
-->'''Lowell:''' It's like Dylan said. "Do not go gentle into that good night. Rage, rage, for the times they are a-changing."\\
'''Roy:''' I think you're confusing BobDylan with Dylan Thomas.\\
'''Lowell:''' Don't be silly, Roy. Dylan Thomas was the poet laureate of Wales. Bob Dylan was the star of ''GilligansIsland''.\\
'''Roy:''' No, no, no, that's Bob ''Denver''!\\
'''Lowell:''' No, Bob Denver was the guy who sang "Rocky Mountain High".\\
'''Roy:''' Oh, right.
** Incidentally, [[GeniusBonus that was actually]] ''John'' Denver.
*** Whose real name was [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Denver Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr.]]
** Referenced, oddly enough, in ''FamilyGuy''.
** In another episode the main cast correct each other over people who have the words 'ice' in their names; such as musicians and athletes.
* ''TheThinBlueLine'':
-->'''Goody:''' I don't want to buy the queen a present, sir, she's an antichrist.\\
'''Fouler:''' I beg your pardon!?\\
'''Goody:''' Oh, no, I mean [[SexPistols anarchist]]. No, no, what's that name for someone who is out of date and does not matter anymore?\\
'''Habib:''' I think you mean an anachronism.\\
'''Goody:''' Yes, that's right, the Queen is an anachronism.\\
'''Gladstone:''' I though that was someone who was scared of spiders.\\
'''Fouler:''' No, no that is an arachnaphobic.\\
'''Gladstone:''' I thought that was someone who was scared of wide open spaces.\\
'''Habib:''' No, that's agoraphobics, they can't handle going outside. Arachnophobics hate spiders.\\
'''Fouler:''' Look, we're talking about the queen.\\
'''Goody:''' Is the Queen scared of spiders?\\
'''Gladstone:''' Well I wouldn't have thought so, but it is starting to look that way.\\
'''Goody:''' Perhaps that is why she is scared to go outside, sir.
* Ziva, from ''Series/{{NCIS}}'', absolutely ''constantly.''
* ''Series/{{Community}}'' has a chain of offensive statements that probably qualifies:
-->'''Jeff:''' I'm saying you're a football player. It's in your blood!\\
'''Troy:''' That's racist.\\
'''Jeff:''' Your soul!\\
'''Troy:''' ''That's'' racist.\\
'''Jeff:''' Your eyes?\\
'''Troy:''' That's gay.\\
'''Jeff:''' That's homophobic.\\
'''Troy:''' That's black.\\
'''Jeff:''' ''That's'' racist!\\
'''Troy:''' Damn.
* ''TheElectricCompany'' ''lived'' for this. They did numerous sketches like this one, where Rita Moreno and Judy Graubert drove each other nuts:
-->'''Rita''': Hey, how do you like my new giggles?
-->'''Judy''': You mean ''goggles''.
-->'''Rita''': No, no - that's what someone does for a sore throat - ''goggles'' with mouthwash.
-->'''Judy''': You mean ''gargles''!
-->'''Rita''': No, that's what the water in the tub does - it ''gargles'' down the drain.
-->'''Judy''': No, you mean ''gurgles''!
-->'''Rita''': No, ''gurgles'' are what we wear to look thinner. Frankly, my ''gurgle'' is killing me!
-->'''Judy''': You mean ''girdle''!
-->'''Rita''': No! A ''girdle'' is a think you cook flapjacks on - and ''girdle'' cakes.
-->'''Judy''': You mean ''griddle''!
-->'''Rita''': No! A ''griddle'' is a tricky question with a funny answer, like 'what has four eyes and sings through its nose'. I know a lot of great ''griddles''.
-->'''Judy''': You mean ''RIDDLES''!
-->'''Rita''': No! A ''riddle'' is something a worm does - it ''riddles'' off the hook!
-->'''Judy''': You mean ''WRIGGLES''!!
-->'''Rita''': No, that's what happens when you act silly and you can't stop laughing - you have the ''wriggles''!
-->'''Judy''': No, you mean ''GIGGLES''!
-->'''Rita''': Oh well, for goodness' sake, that's what I said!! How do you like my new ''giggles''??
-->'''Judy''': Oh, they're terrific - I got myself a pair here!
** And that was just in the ''first episode''...
* On ''TheGoldenGirls'', Sophia and Rose attempt to figure out who the president is married to:
-->'''Rose''': Well, it doesn't matter anyway, they're not married anymore. Now he's married to Nancy Davis.
-->'''Sophia''': The chick from ''AllAboutEve''?
-->'''Rose''': No, that was BetteDavis.
-->'''Sophia''': That woman who beat her kids with wire hangers?
-->'''Rose''': No, you're thinking of Joan Crawford.
-->'''Sophia''': The fat cop from ''Highway Patrol''?
-->'''Rose''': That was Broderick Crawford.
-->'''Sophia''': The president was married to Broderick Crawford?!
* From ''TheWestWing'':
-->'''Bartlet''': I hear you're thinking about ophthalmology.
-->'''Ellie''': Oncology.
-->'''Bartlet''': Why would you want to study people's feet?
-->'''Ellie''': That's podiatry.
-->'''Bartlet''': That's children's medicine.
-->'''Ellie''': Pediatrics.
-->'''Bartlet''': I thought it was obstetrics.
-->'''Ellie''': That's pregnant women.
-->'''Bartlet''': And what's the study of feet?
-->'''Ellie''': Dad, you're not going to make me laugh.
-->'''Bartlet''': The only thing you ever had to do to make me happy was come home at the end of the day.
* From ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment'':
-->'''Wife of Gob''': I'm in love with your brother-in-law.
-->'''Gob''': You're in love with your own brother? The one in the army?
-->'''Wife of Gob''': No, your sister's husband.
-->'''Gob''': Michael? Michael....
-->'''Wife of Gob''': No, that's your sister's brother.
-->'''Gob''': No, I'M my sister's brother. You're in love with me. Me!
-->'''Wife of Gob''': I'm in love with Tobias.
-->'''Gob''': My brother-in-law?
-->'''Wife of Gob''': I know it can never be, so I'm leaving. I'm enlisting in the army.
-->'''Gob''': To be with your brother?
* From episode "Foiled Again" on ''TheSuiteLifeOfZackAndCody'':
-->'''London''': Too late, we're gonna get married, buy a big villa, and live in Acapella.
-->'''Maddie''': People sing A Capella; he lives in Acapulco.
-->'''London''': That's what my sweater's made out of.
-->'''Maddie''': That's Alpaca!

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* An issue of Magazine/{{MAD}} from 1955 featured a six-page comic called ''Gopo Gossum,'' written by Harvey Kurtzman and drawn by Wally Wood, which was a parody of Walt Kelly's ''ComicStrip/{{Pogo}}''. As this story parodied several aspecs of the ''Pogo'' comic, including the tendency the cast had to [[ComicallyMissingThePoint completely misunderstand everything that was said,]] it featured the animals deliberately misinterpreting words just for the hell of it, leading to this example:
-->'''Houn' Dog:''' Consort? What that?\\
'''Howland Owl:''' Any dang fool knows... a "consort" is where a bunch of musicians gets together and play highbrow music!\\
'''Albert:''' No! No! Tha's a ''consert!''\\
'''Churchy La Femme:''' A "consort" is this here factory they gets all different kinds tin-cans an' ''sort'' out these ''cans'' with this here machine called a ''con sort!''\\
'''Albert:''' No! No! No! No! Tha's a ''can sort!''\\
'''Howland Owl:''' ...A "consort" is where there's this here fella named "Con" who looked up in the air an' saw a flyin' saucer! An' when anybody asked "Who saw the flyin' saucer?" they said: ''"Con sort!"''\\
'''Churchy La Femme:''' No! No! Tha's "Con ''saw''-it!"

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Newspaper Comics ]]

* A Sunday strip of ''Pickles'' did this once. Two of the main characters did this in order to drive a third character to leave the bench they were sitting on.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Radio ]]

* On ''FibberMcGeeAndMolly'', the character of Mayor [=LaTrivia=] was subjected to these practically OncePerEpisode. They'd usually involve him innocently using some figure of speech, which Fibber or Molly (or both) would either take too literally or otherwise misinterpret, sometimes on purpose. [=LaTrivia=]'s subsequent attempts to clear things up would only create more confusion, making him increasingly flustered and confused and generally reducing him to [[{{Angrish}} sputtering, incoherent rage]] by the time his visit was over.
** One not involving Mayor [=LaTrivia=], from "Cleaning the Closet":
-->'''Fibber''': Remember that spring we were up there, and those people were selling flowers on the street corner? Trailing arthritis, I think they were.
-->'''Molly''': You don't mean trailing arthritis, you mean trailing arbutus[[note]]A kind of flower[[/note]].
-->'''Fibber''': I do not; Arbutus was a guy in Shakespeare. He's the guy who stabbed Caesar in the toga.
-->'''Molly''': No, that was Brutus.
-->'''Fibber''': No, you're thinking of that fairy tale: Puss and Brutus.
-->'''Molly''': No, you that wasn't Puss and Brutus, and what you mean is arbutus.
-->'''Fibber''': If that's arbutus, what's arthritis?
-->'''Molly''': Arthritis is when your joints swell.
-->'''Fibber''': Well, that's what I say. Any place that sells flowers on every street corner is a swell joint.
* From ''[[TheReducedShakespeareCompany The Reduced Shakespeare Radio Show]]'':
-->'''Austen''': Now, Adam. Speaking of film versions of ''{{Hamlet}}'', remember that one a few years ago with Creator/MelGibson?
-->'''Adam''': Was that the one with Tina Turner in it?
-->'''Austen''': No, you're thinking of ''[[Film/MadMaxBeyondThunderdome Mad Max 3]]''.
-->'''Adam''': Oh yeah, ''Beyond Thunderdrome''. That was the one where Tina had to be rescued from Ike, because he kept hitting her, till she went...
-->'''Austen''': No, no, that's ''What's Love Got To Do With It''.
-->'''Adam''': Mel Gibson was in ''What's Love Got To Do With It''?
-->'''Austen''': Well, no, I didn't say that ... he wasn't ... He was PhilSpector.
* ''Radio/HelloCheeky'' sometimes did this, but with words instead of references.
-->'''Tim:''' Look here, Cryer, that's a calumny!
-->'''Barry:''' What is?
-->'''Tim:''' That thing that Nelson stands on in Trafalgar Square.
-->'''John:''' No, no, that's a column.
-->'''Tim:''' No, that's two full stops making love.
-->'''Barry:''' No, that's a colon!
-->'''John:''' No, that's an army officer!
-->'''Tim:''' No, no, that's a ''colonel!'' [[note]]Pronounced 'curnal'.[[/note]]
-->'''Barry:''' ...Isn't that what they find in nuts?
-->'''Tim:''' What?
-->'''Barry:''' Nuts. Nuts!
-->'''Tim:''' And knickers to you, mate!
* ''Radio/HamishAndDougal's Hogmanay Frolic'', introducing Tim Brooke-Taylor AsHimself:
-->'''Hamish''': Oh, Mr Tim. I've always admired your musicals.
-->'''Tim''': I think you've got your Tims in a twist. [[TimRice Rice]] is the name you're looking for.
-->'''Hamish''': So you're Anneka?
-->'''Tim''': No, that's a Jewish holiday.
-->'''Dougal''': No, that was [[TreasureHuntUK the woman with the big bottom who jumped out of helicopters]].
-->'''Hamish''': And wrote ''{{Cats}}''.
-->'''Dougal''': Yes.
-->'''Tim''': No. In any case, Tim Rice has nothing to do with ''Cats''.
-->'''Dougal''': Oh, is he allergic?
-->'''Hamish''': Oh, I sympathise. [[DoubleEntendre Mrs Naughtie's pussy has often brought me out in a rash]].
-->'''Tim''': ''(shocked)'' Jesus Christ!
-->'''Hamish''': ''[[JesusChristSuperstar Superstar!]]'' Aye, that was one of yours.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* This trope is ''illustrated'' beautifully in a ''PennyArcade'' strip entitled "[[http://www.penny-arcade.com/comic/2005/02/04/linguaphiles-unite Linguaphiles Unite]]".
** According to Gabe on the podcasts, most people blame Tycho for those, even though it's his "favorite joke, ever." From the third series of D&D podcasts:
---> '''DM:''' ... and he has a cataract in his left eye.
---> '''Gabe:''' A boat?
---> '''Tycho:''' That's a catamaran.
* Played with in DarthsAndDroids with Jim. He's wrong more than he's right though.
* From ''DMOfTheRings'':
-->'''DM:''' [[http://www.shamusyoung.com/twentysidedtale/?p=1207 As you look out over the water, you see many corsairs passing, making for Minas Tirith.]]
-->'''Aragorn:''' What the heck are corsairs? You mean those leopard things that cast magic?
-->'''Gimli:''' You're thinking of coeurls. A corsair is just a kind of dinosaur.
-->'''DM:''' No, you're thinking of ceratosaurs. A corsair is actually just--
-->'''Legolas:''' Didn't you idiots ever play Starcraft? Corsairs are flying air units!
-->'''Aragorn:''' Dang, we don't have any way to fight flying units.
-->'''DM:''' '''''ATTENTION!''''' Corsairs. Are. Sailing. Ships. '''OKAY'''?
-->'''Legolas:''' I'm confused. Don't you mean galleons?
''Webcomic/PvP'''s Skull got a bit confused about [[http://www.pvponline.com/comic/2013/02/07/brand-confusion various SF programs]] once.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Original ]]

* From ''RedVsBlue'':
--> '''Doc''': I'm a pacifist.
--> '''Caboose''': You're a thing that babies suck on?
--> '''Tucker''': No, dude, that's a pedophile.
--> '''Church''': Tucker, I think he means a pacifier.
--> '''Tucker''': Oh, yeah, right. Man, I was ''totally'' thinking about something else.
* From ''WebVideo/DragonBallZAbridged''
--> '''Vegeta''': I don't even know where that's from
--> '''Krillin''': I think that was Tetris
--> '''Vegeta''': Isn't that what you get when you cut yourself with something rusty?
--> '''Goku''': Nope, that's rabies.
--> '''Gohan''': Actually, Dad, you contract rabies when you're bitten by an animal with the disease.
--> '''Goku''': Silly Gohan, animals don't eat people. People eat animals. Silly Gohan!
* From [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72fiualGmH4 This video]]
--> '''Adam the Alien''': Did you burrow?
--> '''Skrufy''': What's a barrow?
--> '''Adam the Alien''': A barrow is a cart, but I asked did you burrow?
--> '''Skrufy''': I don't own a donkey!
--> '''Adam the Alien''': You know that a burro is a donkey but you don't know that a barrow is a cart?
--> '''Paul''': I thought a borough was a place.
--> '''Adam the Alien''': It is.
--> '''Paul''': You said it was a donkey!
--> '''Adam the Alien''': No, that's a burro.
--> '''Skrufy''': I still don't know what a barrow is.
--> '''Adam the Alien''': A barrow is a cart.
--> '''Paul''': Never put the barrow before the burro.
--> '''Skrufy''': This is making me hungry for Mexican food.
--> '''Adam the Alien''': That's a burrito.
* Basically [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbVylFKfisU&feature=relmfu this entire sketch]] from [=BriTANick=]. And [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mephJf3-zYE&feature=related it's sequel]]

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* From ''FriskyDingo'':
-->'''X-tacle #1:''' So...who's read ''Literature/FlowersForAlgernon''?
-->'''Nearl:''' Ken!
-->'''X-tacle #2:''' Oooh, about the kid with all the chains, and the goggles, and at the end he gets killed with a shotgun?
-->'''X-tacles #2, #3, #4:''' Boosh
-->'''X-tacle #1:''' That's "HarrisonBergeron."
-->'''X-tacles #2, #3, #4:''' ''HollywoodSquares''!
-->'''X-tacle #1:''' That's Tom Bergeron.
-->'''X-tacle #2:''' Brother of [[ClassicalMythology Menelaus]]!
-->'''X-tacle #1:''' Damn it, that's ''Agamemnon! ''
* From ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'':
-->'''Jefferson Twilight:''' On three we give him the old Rochambeau.
-->'''The Alchemist:''' Rock-paper-scissors?
-->'''Dr. Orpheus:''' What does a general from the American Revolution have to do with this?
-->'''Jefferson Twilight:''' American Revolution? Rochambeau sounds...sounds French to me.
-->'''Dr. Orpheus:''' Yes, the Franco-American forces.
-->'''Jefferson Twilight:''' They fought with Spaghetti-o's and meatballs?
-->'''The Alchemist:''' Why would a company called Franco-American make Italian food?
* Frequently [[PlayingWithATrope toyed with]] on ''FamilyGuy''
** When Peter finds out Brian wants to rename the high school after Martin Luther King:
--->'''Peter:''' You're gonna name the school after the star of ''{{Space 1999}}''?\\
'''Brian:''' No, that's Martin Landau.\\
'''Peter:''' Oh. The guy who played Sheneneh?\\
'''Brian:''' That's MartinLawrence.\\
'''Peter:''' The drunk crooner?\\
'''Brian:''' That's Music/DeanMartin.\\
'''Peter:''' The drink that's best served on the rocks?\\
'''Brian:''' Martini Rossi.\\
'''Peter:''' The guy on ''Series/TheWestWing''?\\
'''Brian:''' Creator/MartinSheen.\\
'''Peter:''' The guy from ''Film/{{Platoon}}''?\\
'''Brian:''' Creator/CharlieSheen.\\
'''Peter:''' No, no, the other guy from Platoon.\\
'''Brian:''' That's...\\
'''Peter:''' ''[playfully]'' Come ooon...\\
'''Brian:''' ahh, ahhh, Willem Dafoe?\\
'''Peter:''' No, its Tom Berenger. We were looking for Tom Berenger. Well, thanks for playing, I'm sorry it didn't work out for you.\\
'''Brian:''' Awww, that's OK, I had a lot of fun. I'm a big fan of the show-- ''wait a minute!''
** also:
---> '''Lois''': Okay, one more minute, and then if there are two pink lines...
---> '''Peter''': Oh god, I hope you're not pregnant, we can't afford another kid. We already got Chris, Stewie, Richie, Joanie, Greg, Marsha, Bobby, Jan, Mike Seaver, Carol Seaver, Boner, Urkel, Mr. Furley...
---> '''Brian''': Peter those aren't your kids; that's the Nick at Nite lineup.
---> '''Peter''': Blanka, Zangeif, Chun-Li, Guile, E. Honda...
---> '''Brian''': That's ''StreetFighter''.
---> '''Peter''': Red, blue, green...
---> '''Brian''': Those are colors.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life ]]

* Old joke here - three old men:
-->'''Old man #1:''' Windy, isn't it?
-->'''Old man #2:''' It's Thursday.
-->'''Old man #3:''' So am I, let's get something to drink.
* And in the same spirit
-->'''Old man:''' Look at my new watch!
-->'''Young man:''' What kind is it?
-->'''Old man:''' About three-thirty.
* An absolutely epic one from [[http://i.imgur.com/tZUzx.jpg Facebook]]
* Threads featuring these are very popular on Reddit.

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