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So your characters were previously {{brainwashed|AndCrazy}}, betrayed the heroes, went on their own sort of rampage and needed saving to return to their ideals. Luckily, the good guys manage to accomplish this through laborious amounts of screaming, fighting them, and [[ThePowerOfLove friendship power.]] And now that character is back to normal, yay! Everything should be all strawberries and hotcakes, right? I mean, they've clearly come to their senses and are back on the right of things.

Well unfortunately not always. There are always some possible problems with characters regaining their focus that have to be faced.

Simple problems might be that [[ThisIsUnforgivable relationships are strained]], as other people might not be quite so eager to forget the character's actions off the bat. A brainwashed character who commits actions that would have crossed the MoralEventHorizon had they been freely chosen obviously won't as be easily redeemed, even with [[EasilyForgiven the all-forgiving]] [[ThePowerofFriendship power of friendship.]]
More problematic is that the characters aren't [[BrainwashResidue completely back to normal]], and traits from their former self may still linger on even after they've overcome their vices. Can this get any worse? It can.

The most problematic issue becomes when a character essentially has to live up to their actions and face the music, thus being dealt Cartesian Karma. After all, sure it's great that they're [[BrainWashedAndCrazy not trying to eat your soul]], kick puppies, or burn down that orphanage any more, so what's the deal?

Unfortunately in failing that, they still managed to [[KickTheDog kick a few kittens]], and rob the local grocery market. And law enforcement isn't exactly ready to take 'I was brainwashed by a [[BigBad Super-villain]]/[[TheVirus mind-virus]]' as a valid legal alibi. Also anybody 'normal' seeing you in your altered state might be [[ItsALongStory equally hard to work out]], especially if it's not something you could [[TheMasquerade explain without telling too much]]. The consequences of one's actions simply don't vanish when the mentality causing them does, so even mind-controlled characters have to face some sort of retribution, like it or not. [[KarmaHoudiniWarranty Except when]] [[KarmaHoudini they don't.]]

What's more, who's to say you were just eating children and playing hopscotch during your brainwashed-existence, and won't have to face any serious danger or genetic experiments? Any damage sustained, bodily changes or physical alterations aren't going to go away just because you've come to your senses. Those are going to have to be faced as well. If the brain-washed you ate a few too many donuts in the [[SupervillainLair baddies hideout]], back-to-normal you is simply going to have to live with his/her sustained diabetes.

In cases where the dealt karma is so major the character can't persist, it often leads to death, [[RedemptionEqualsDeath heroically]] or [[DrivenToSuicide tragically]].

Can lead to MyGodWhatHaveIDone moments, even OutDamnedSpot if the character feels perpetually guilty by their previous actions upon being dealt Karma. A heroic or moral enough character, if determined and truly guilty, will probably [[MustMakeAmends try to reconcile]] with their past actions in order to fix their record and deal with the situation.

May result in ValuesDissonance when the narrative sees fit to affix responsibility on the character, when the party responsible for the brainwashing should be called out instead.

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!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'', Sasuke's fall and betrayal of Konoha has continually been a plot point, with the eponymous character constantly hoping for his return. Obstructing this is not only the fact that he's now an internationally wanted criminal, but also had a central antagonist absorbed into his body at one point, and he had gone nearly blind. [[spoiler:He seems to be getting better, at least in the seeing department.]]
* Yomi goes through this in ''Anime/GaReiZero'', with her going berserk and only having Kagura to stop her. In the anime it ends tragically.
** The entire concept of Shissouseiki victims often plays into this.
* In the ''Manga/ChronoCrusade'' anime, Joshua after having Chrono's stolen horns removed is able to revert back to his old childish self. The problem is, he becomes essentially 'locked' in that state, perpetually having the mind of his 12 year old pre-horn self. He fairs much better in the manga though.
* Tacitly averted in ''Manga/ZatchBell'' with Koko who was sadistically brainwashed, but is later rescued by Sherry and restored back to her original, kind innocent state. It's a good thing she's not a wanted criminal now or anything and can happily go to college too, especially after (publicly) razing [[DoomedHometown most of her town]] and kidnapping dozens of people. It would have to be inferred that her savior Sherry has some [[HandWave pretty good connections]].
* In ''Manga/{{Psyren}}'', Tatsuo refuses to return to the past even after being freed from the mind-control induced on him. It's probably a factor that the artifact that was controlling him is still embedded into his body, he'll die if it runs out of energy, and it shuts down when exposed to sunlight.
* Possibly subverted in [[Manga/HunterXHunter HxH]] when one of the side characters get's kidnapped by the ants, brainwashed and altered to be one of them. She's eventually comes to her senses, and as Killua points out, her entrusted one Gon is not one to judge, and it helps the Hunter organization itself isn't one to persecute her just because she's now a chimera ant.
** Also it's a pivotal point played straight with Gon. Blinded by his rage he, activates a technique that allowes him to rapidly age/grow and defeat an enemy vastly superior to himself. Unfortunately after calming down, he's stil mutated and puts himself on the brink of death.
** Also his teacher and role-model Kaito, who is made into a living rag doll for the ants to manipulate that Gon desperately wishes to bring back. The realization that [[spoiler:he can't do so, and Kaito truly is 'dead' is what pushes Gon into the transformation alluded to above.]]
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[[folder:Comic Books]]
* After Jean Gray has been brought back from the TheDarkSide in TheDarkPhoenixSaga, she's found guilty genocide and sentenced to death by the Shi'ar empire, despite the empress' romantic relationship with Charles Xavier. Unfortunately for everyone, fighting for her life reawakens Marvel Girl's Dark Phoenix side.
** Her beau ComicBook/{{Cyclops}} faces similar problems after he [[spoiler:took over the world and killed Charles Xavier]] while under the Phoenix's influence. People in-universe and out hold him responsible for that.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* The realization of this was the most likely factor in [[Franchise/StarWars Darth Vader's]] [[RedemptionEqualsDeath acceptance of his death]] at the end of the trilogy. He had already had the majority of his body burned off and was basically encased in an armor that well being his life support, was also a symbol for tyranny and fear for people everywhere. It's also hard to imagine the rebels or improvised government not trying or condemning him after.
* In the end of the ''Film/TheDarkKnight'', this is played intentionally by the Joker in order to manipulate Dent and get him to commit enough crimes that he 'falls', and has all the blame shifted towards him, thus destroying Gotham City's hope in their law enforcement. Batman is able to avert this only by taking on the blame for Two-Face's murders himself.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* In TheRedVixenAdventures Ali is arrested for the crimes she committed as a slave, [[spoiler: but is acquitted of most, though not all of them.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* [[TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons D&D]] will sometimes require characters to receive an Atonement from a cleric even for actions that were performed under magical mind control, due to trickery, or otherwise involuntarily or unwittingly.
* TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms had a lot of this, including Laeral Silverhand donning a relic of the local evil death-god and catching a bad case of artifact possession. Of course, as a {{semidivine}} being herself, she recovered after the crown was destroyed, but people threw suspicious glances for some time. Eventually this died down to lame taunts about bad luck with headgear from a political opponent, though.
** ''Elminster Ecologies'' [[http://forum.candlekeep.com/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=13961 appendix II]] is [[FictionalDocument narrated by]] a rather grumpy druid, so the approach is rather simple, and not quite unreasonable:
-->'''Bara''': ...moldering ancient spells and magical items of great and obnoxious power. More than once have I come upon some mess caused by adventurers only to have them tell me that they couldn’t prevent an incident's occurrence because their mage was "under the control of an ancient and malevolent artifact of evil". If you ''must'' come to the High Moor and you ''must'' hunt treasure there, be ''careful''. Check things for curses ''before'' you pick them up and play with them. Being mind-controlled doesn’t give you free rein to come in and muck up the region I protect.
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[[folder:Webcomics]]
* Done so in ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'', to a more general sense. Vriska is controlled essentially by her civilization's violent culture and expectations, her own insecurities/ego, self-destructive actions, and the rules of paradox space itself. She 'over-comes' it eventually, but by then it's rather to late for her to change. She even acknowledges she can't change what she's done by any means, but accepts it and any karma facing her because she believes she needs to do the right thing.
** After being brainwashed by [[spoiler:the Condesce]] into turning evil, [[spoiler:Jade is eventually killed by Aranea, and Paradox Space declares her death just, nullifying her God Tier immortality.]]
* In ''Webcomic/DominicDeegan'' Jayden renounced her faith by reciting a Heresy while under mind control and lost her white magic as a result. It takes a while for her magic to return.
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[[folder:Web Original]]
* {{Discussed}} in ''[[LawAndTheMultiverse Law and the Multiverse's]]'' post on [[http://lawandthemultiverse.com/2010/12/30/mind-control-made-me-do-it/ mind control]]. It turns out that a person under mind control would [[AvertedTrope probably get off easily]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* On ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', although more just a product of Peter's usual shenanigans than direct mind control, he has been 'changed' temporarily an untold amount of times for the period of single episodes. Despite this, it's subverted as the rest of the cast usually don't see anything periodic about it and never reprimand him beyond the individual change. To date, he has been 'brainwashed' into becoming feminine, 'rich', Jewish, a bully, Mexican, African American, a red neck, and a homosexual, all of which is forgotten about by the next episode.
** Also the fact that both Mayor Adam West and Meg are apparently unwilling sleeper-agent Russian spies, the former of which has been outed. No consequences of this have come up so far, but it's hard to question it when one ponders how someone as suspicious and incompetent as Mayor Adam [[RuleOfFunny could have become Mayor in the first place.]]
* One-shot villain Mr. Mime in ThePowerpuffGirls is a clown who was turned evil by [[ItRunsOnNonsensoleum being covered in bleach.]] The girls eventually manage to change him back to normal...and then beat him up anyway.
[[/folder]]

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