A PracticalJoke where people are wound-up on hidden camera for entertainment purposes. Can be done with celebrities or members of the public. There's usually the inevitable reveal. Swearing may occur at this point.

In fact, given the number of pranks that involve a total waste of time on the part of the prankees - for example, the time ''Series/CandidCamera'' managed to turn around people at the border to one state, saying the state was "full" - there might be a question as to how much this whole pranking costs people. (At the very least, it's likely to make a few people late for important appointments.)

This stuff isn't just confined to television since radio has done its fair share; in fact, ''Series/CandidCamera'' was originally a show called ''Candid Microphone''. Radio has the advantage in that everyone in the world is already set up with an audio device at home; i.e., the telephone.

These types of pranks are popular enough that in fictional media, {{Muggles}} [[AllPartOfTheShow may assume]] that they're a part of an elaborate CandidCameraPrank when met with something fantastic.

Often a RealLife form of FalseCrucible.
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!!Examples:

* Allen Funt's ''Series/CandidCamera'' is pretty much the definer of the genre. It did both ordinary people and celebs. Its CatchPhrase, "Smile, you're on Series/CandidCamera," is well known around the world.
** ''Candid Series/CandidCamera'' was the same show, with the same host, only Direct to Video and [[HotterAndSexier with]] [[NakedPeopleAreFunny nudity.]]
** Funt also made two [[TheMovie theatrical films]] of this type, ''What Do You Say to a Naked Lady?'' and ''Money Talks''.
** The show is referenced in Creator/BillCosby's '60s standup sketch "Noah's Ark", where an incredulous Noah, receiving construction instructions from a voice in the air claiming to be God, eventually asks "Am I on ''Candid Camera''?"
** In ''TheCannonballRun II'', state troopers Don Knotts and Tim Conway pull over a speeding limousine; finding that it's being "driven" by a chimpanzee, they're convinced Allen Funt is hiding in the back somewhere and filming them for ''Candid Camera''.
** Allen Funt became so well known for this that when he once got on a plane that was hijacked and flown to Cuba, he was the only passenger who didn't spend the entire flight laughing hysterically, thinking that this was a Candid Camera gag.
** Parodied in ''Film/StayTuned'', with a show called "Sadistic Hidden Camera".
** [[http://freefall.purrsia.com/ff800/fv00727.htm Referenced]] in ''Webcomic/{{Freefall}}'', as Florence seeks a robot whose brain was manufactured on Jean, and comes up with a test involving asking a target robot "What does your name smell like?"
* ''Series/NoelsHouseParty'' with its "Gotcha" (originally "Gotcha Oscars" until the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences threatened legal action) feature on celebrities. Memorable ones include a football manager ending up doing the Christine Keeler pose and something involving "Custer's Last Hat Stand".
* ''Series/{{Punkd}}'' is an entire American series of this.
* ''Series/{{Jackass}}'' while not an entire series built on this, did feature gags that relied on the reactions of unsuspecting people passing buy. One example had Johnny Knoxville dress up as an old man and shoplift which ended up serving as the basis for BadGrandpa years later.
** Other examples include dressing up a car like it had been involved in a pedestrian Hit and Run and taking it to a car wash and a similar one involving a floor cleaning service coming in to clean up what appeared to be a murder scene. One of the castmembers even carried a visible fake severed hand.
** There was also a failed one, where he would enter a yoga class and start farting aloud and continuously. The yogi and the other students just keep going as if nothing was happening, so after a while Knoxville just gets up and leaves.
* ''Beadle's About'' involved ordinary people.
* Some of the things they did out of the studio with people in ''[[Series/WhatWouldYouDoNickelodeon What Would You Do?]]''
* ''TheChasersWarOnEverything'' also does both ordinary people and celebrities. The celebrity targets are often politicians, and the pranks are more satirical than most other shows - most famously, getting into the security zone around the APEC conference thinly disguised as a Canadian motorcade[[note]]For more info on this stunt, see BavarianFireDrill.[[/note]].
* Dick Clark and Ed [=McMahon=] played pranks on celebrities as part of ''TV's Bloopers and Practical Jokes''.
* ''Totally Hidden Videos'' was a show airing on Fox ca. 1990, featuring elaborate pranks.
** ''StayTuned'' parodied this with ShowWithinAShow ''Sadistic Hidden Videos''.
* ''Series/TheAdamAndJoeShow'' included these as a regular feature of the show.
* An interesting British example is called ''Swag'', where people who actually did something wrong were targeted instead of helpless, random members of the public (which, for some people, is considered quite cruel). Prop goods are left around and are filmed until someone attempts to steal them, at which point the thief is punished in an embarrassing fashion. One of their more popular skits is when they leave boxes of snacks at the back of a truck; someone tries their luck and hops inside to grab them, only for the door to slam behind them and the sides of the truck to fall off to reveal a cage. They are then driven around the street.
* ''TriggerHappyTV'' is a British show that sticks more to the traditional Candid Camera formula.
* ''Series/ScareTactics''. Like ''Candid Camera'', but innocent people are tricked into extremely frightening situations. There's been at least one lawsuit by a victim, but the show continues.
* Subverted in a ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'' [[http://www.ibras.dk/montypython/episode05.htm#9 sketch]]. An interviewer puts an applicant through a bizarre series of tests, with other people watching. After the applicant gets angry he's told that all the positions had been filled weeks earlier.
* Subverted as a part of an [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9i2k-xXob1c ad]]: it begins as the normal "guy hiding in a mailbox and throwing peoples' letters out" gag, complete with canned laughter and several successfully fooled people, but after the expected results, a huge bald guy gets his letter spat out at him. He tries again a few times, but instead of just standing there with a baffled expression, he pulls out a gun and fires several times through the mail slot.
* On the Discovery Kids channel, there's a version of Punk'd (with kids and animals) called Skunk'd TV.
** Animal Planet once ran a similar special called ''People Traps'', produced and hosted by Trace Beaulieu of ''MysteryScienceTheater3000'' fame.
* ''CreatureComforts'' (both versions) was a weird sort of CandidCameraPrank in that the victims knew it was happening - they were told at the time that they were being recorded for a TV show. Where the prank comes in was that neither character designers nor animators ever met the people being recorded. They wanted them to base appearance and performance on voice alone, so they were isolated from the process of recording so they wouldn't get any preconceived notions before setting to work. So there was an even chance you'd either be surprised to find out just how owlish you were, or offended that someone equated you with a gorilla. Thank God for anonymity, eh fellas?
** It's doubtful that they weren't told that they would be rendered in {{Claymation}}, but it might be a surprise to find out exactly how.
* ''Videomatch''/''Showmatch'' was this before focusing entirely on "Bailando por un Sueño", and now it's back to doing this.
* ''TheJamieKennedyExperiment''.
* ''{{Scrubs}}'' used this in an ImagineSpot on one occasion - after guiding a couple through a difficult and important medical decision, JD wishes that life were more like his favourite TV shows - cue the unconscious wife sitting up and saying 'you're on candid camera' and JD and Cox pointing cameras out, including one guy with a big shoulder-mounted camera hiding under the bed...
* ''Series/TheDailyShow'' parodied these shows (and ''Series/{{Punkd}}'' specifically) at the end of a "This Week in God" segment, with a fake advertisement for a show called ''Baptiz'd''. Instead of an elaborate prank, the action involved Creator/StephenColbert throwing a paper cup of water into a coworker's face, then cracking up, showing him the "hidden cameras" (which can't be that hidden since they're just standing in the hallway by a water cooler), and informing him that he "just got ''Baptiz'd''!" (Next week: ''Circumcis'd''!)
* ''Just For Laughs Gags'' is a Canadian version of these. Because there's pretty much no dialogue at all (overdubbing with music), it's often shown during flights. Its specialty is immense use of public service uniforms and vehicles (and pranks involving nuns that would not work anywhere else except in Quebec).
** The same writers also had a show ''Surprise Sur Prise'', which focused on elaborate pranks on celebrities.
* Done in several Disney shows including ''SonnyWithAChance'' and ''HannahMontana'', both with a ''Punk'd''-esque show called 'Gotcha'
* Creator/ImprovEverywhere does it just for the amusement of the participants, bystanders and readers of their website.
* A ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' sketch with Creator/ChristopherWalken had such a show, [[http://snltranscripts.jt.org/02/02mpranksters.phtml Pranksters]]. It starts with a guy pranking his rat-hating sister... and goes into a man who pranks a workmate who kept using his parking space [[DisproportionateRetribution by killing him with a tire iron]].
* ''Series/WhatWouldYouDo'' is a variation of this, in that it's a hidden camera show not done for comedy purposes; instead, it's more along the lines of a sociological/morality experiment.
* Several of the competions between the hosts of ''Series/DickAndDomInDaBungalow'' were this; for example, Om Pom Stick where they would have to try and stick pictures of themselves to members of the public without being noticed, or Bogies! where they would shout [[CaptainObvious "Bogies"]] ([=US=] English= "Boogers") louder and louder in a public place. The producer would do a funny sports-style commentary over the footage.
* Inverted in ''Film/TheGumballRally''. The Dodge police cruiser team gets an [[GoodOlBoy Arizona state trooper]] to believe that they are filming a movie from a camera hidden on a far-away peak, and ask him to hold still for a face shot, as they make their getaway.
* [[http://youtu.be/ENygQpTMC7s This ad for Pine-Sol]], where the Pine-Sol Cleaning Lady bursts out of a poster to JumpScare a few men sampling the products. Some of their reactions are...[[CampGay priceless]].
* ''Series/ImpracticalJokers'' does this, with the twist of the pranksters often being as much the butt of the joke as the unsuspecting public.
* ''NotTheNineOClockNews'' parodied ''Game for a Laugh'' by having the "prank" consist of the victim's wife (who was the one who submitted his name to the show) being brutally murdered and left for him to find when he gets home. When he finds out it's all for the show, he bursts out laughing in relief.
* [[DoubleSubversion Double subverted]] on ''ABitOfFryAndLaurie'' in the sketch where Fry plays a rich bastard senselessly abusing Laurie's beggar character. Laurie eventually claims to be the star of a ''Beadle's About''-type show, and Fry changes his tune and starts looking around for the cameras, asking if Laurie is really a TV star, and Laurie replies, "No. But I might have been."
* ''TheDickVanDykeShow'' had an ep where pranks were played on the cast while they stayed at a cabin. The segment was to be called 'Sneaky Camera' or something like that, and they then proceeded to lampshade the fact that it would be a ripoff of another show (Candid Camera, but not mentioned by name.)
* A ''Series/MrShow'' sketch had this as TheReveal: a priest at a party is acting as a slave for a {{Jerkass}} party guest who claims he "won" a bet against the guests and forces him to do such things as dance around with a banana stuck out his rear while saying "I was born out of Satan's ass." It turns out the priest actually on camera by said guest and the the other three who were sympathetic towards him were also in on the prank. Only in-universe, it's not on a TV show, they keep the footage on tapes.
* Derren Brown's ''Series/{{Apocalypse}}'' was one of the largest and most expensive ever, continuing as it did for two days, during which time the unfortunate subject believed himself to have survived a ZombieApocalypse.
* An episode of ''CreamyMami'' had Megumi set one of these up to try and trick the title character into revealing her SecretIdentity.
* Originally, ''Overhaulin''' combined this trope with the premise of ''PimpMyRide''. With the help of someone connected to the "mark", they would steal the guy's car and string him along for a week. At the end of the week, they'd reveal the prank and return the mark's car...[[PimpedOutCar customized.]]
* Parodied in ''The Saturday Night Armistice'' when Creator/ArmandoIannucci introduces a segment where he's "played some hilarious practical jokes on celebrities", and shows a clip of one of his favourites, where he gives Creator/BobMonkhouse "the fright of his life". The clip shows Iannucci running up behind Bob and tapping him on the left shoulder while disappearing off to the right. Cut back to the studio, where Iannucci is helpless with laughter and claims it took four weeks to set up.
* On ''TheFlintstones'', Fred and Barney weasel out of a commitment to attend a bachelor party for a friend (which to have them describe it makes it sound like this friend was about to die), and find themselves on film for the TV show "Peek-A-Boo Camera." They're excited at first but then face the realization that the wives will see it as well. They successfully manage to prevent the wives from seeing it, but the next week, the host says the segment was so well-received that they are repeating it. Cue Wilma and Betty about to thrash the boys.

!!Phone Scams:
* Steve Allen was a pioneer in the use of this gag, on his '60s variety show.
* One of the most famous practitioners in the United Kingdom is impressionist Jon Culshaw, mostly but not exclusively on ''[[Series.DeadRingers Dead Ringers]]'', He once rang up then Prime Minister TonyBlair live on air and pretended to be William Hague, who was then leader of the opposition. The prime minister spotted it pretty quickly. Culshaw is also famous for his scarily accurate impression of the Fourth Doctor from ''Series/DoctorWho''. He's used this several times, including in prank calls to Sylvester [=McCoy=] [the Seventh Doctor], Colin Baker [the Sixth Doctor], Peter Davison [the Fifth Doctor] and... Tom Baker, who ''actually played'' the Fourth Doctor:
-->'''John Culshaw:''' "Hello, this is The Doctor."
-->'''Tom Baker:''' "That's odd... Oh no, no there must be a mistake, ''I'' am The Doctor."
* Most ''MorningZoo'' radio shows will do this at some point.
** The radio station PLJ in New York City actually calls it "Phone Scams".
** 93.3 FLZ's MJ Morning show really likes '''''REALLY''''' annoying crank calls.
** This MorningZoo prank call went very very wrong http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRmAyyvAcZY
** [[http://www.snopes.com/love/betrayal/radio.asp Snopes relays the tale]] of a woman who called into a radio show on Valentine's Day to have the [=DJs=] prank call her boyfriend. The DJ called the man and offered him free flowers, and he chose to send them... to his wife. Oops.
* ''CrankYankers'' was an example of phone scams on television. The performers would do the crank calls, and then a set of puppeteers wielding [[JimHenson Hensonesque]] caricatures of both parties would act out the scene with extra visual gags. One of the best was rapper Ludacris calling up his manager, claiming he wanted to change his name to "Mr. Peanut". On Luda's end, his puppet was trying on monocles and top hats, while his manager's puppet was calmly shredding Ludacris' contract, and pressing the BigRedButton marked "In Case of Insane Rapper".
* Apparently the fear of this has become so ubiquitous that a US senator hung up on US President-Elect BarackObama because she thought he was a prankster. The fact that VP candidate Sarah Palin fell victim to a just such a prank several weeks earlier ([[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CcEiR01QK7o this one from a group pretending to be the French president and his aide]]) probably contributed. Barack Obama was said to have been amused.
** OlderThanTheyThink: Legend has it that during the Second World War, a junior aide at Buckingham Palace rather rudely hung up on the then-Queen of the Netherlands, who'd just been evacuated -much against her will!- along with a GovernmentInExile ahead of the invading German Panzers. She was less than pleased at being forcibly separated from her country InItsHourOfNeed and had apparently been forced to sneak off to a public callbox to dial the only number she could find for the royal residence, and finally got connected at around the time the pubs were closing, so his suspicion is somewhat understandable.
* And then sometimes it happens the other way around. The famous British political cartoonist Karl {{Giles}} famously sketched several allegedly rather unflattering cartoons of the Royals, which was quite the courageous act back in the Fifties, and was rather surprised to receive a call from someone calling from Buckingham Palace. He responded with a hearty "Fuck off!" and slammed the receiver down, think it a colleague at the paper playing a prank on him. It really ''was'' Buckingham Palace, calling on behalf of Her Majesty to request the original to have it framed. Giles went on to receive a knighthood and his own biographer described him as an unofficial CourtJester to the British throne. And people accuse HRH the Queen of excessive BritishStuffiness...
* ''El vacilón de la mañana'' was famous in the Hispanic world for creating the infamous "Manolo Cabeza de Huevo" (Egghead Manolo) prank. It all begins with the DJ calling a concierge who ''hates'' being called "egghead". He promptly calls him and tells him "egghead". Then the DJ calls him and, with a high screeching voice, claims to be his bunhole. The final result: Manolo ends up yelling "Fuck you, fuck your mother, fuck you all, and fuck all your motherfucking genealogic tree!".
** Said radio show also managed to ''successfully'' trick Hugo Chávez into thinking he was being called by Fidel Castro, and viceversa.
* The most prolific American practitioners of the Phone Prank are The Jerky Boys, who've sold over 8,000,000 albums showcasing their work.
* Inverted by comedian Tom Mabe, who plays pranks on people who call ''him'' - namely, [[AcceptableTargets telemarketers]].
** JamesFlorentine has dabbled in this as well. ''CrankYankers'' has also featured incoming call pranks to people who thought they were calling a package delivery service strongly hinted to be UPS.
** Steve Wozniak once owned a telephone number that was a frequent misdial for an airline. He would test his callers to see what kind of imaginary flights he could book, lowering the price by adding a ridiculous number of connections, and so forth. But these calls were never recorded or published.
** Minneapolis radio personality T.D. Mischke hosted a podcast when he was between jobs. The phone number his sponsors gave him turned out to have been previously owned by a few different people with credit problems. When the collection agencies would call in, he would have a lot of fun with them. [[http://www.mischkemadness.com/audiofiles/dont_be_mad.mp3 Here's a sample!]]
* The ''{{Fonejacker}}'''s entire schtick.
* ''TheSimpsons'', in its early years, had the RunningGag of Bart prank-calling Moe's Tavern with Double Entendre names, similar to the Red Tube Bar Prank Calls.
** In "Krusty Gets Kancelled", Krusty's TV replacement, Gabbo, gets ready to perform a "patented Gabbo Crank Call" (on Krusty himself). When Bart complains that "he stole that bit from Krusty", Lisa counters that Krusty stole it from Steve Allen.
* In Quebec, the most well known phone pranksters were the ''Justiciers Masqués'', a team of radio hosts. They usually prank normal people from around Quebec, but they also successfully pranked many Canadian politicians, and even Nicolas Sarkozy, president of France, by passing as Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper. They also fooled BritneySpears into thinking she was speaking to CelineDion... despite them being an all men team ''and'' having French as their first language.
* Radio host Gary Burbank would call people, claiming to be from the "U.S. Senseless Survey". People who didn't pay careful enough attention would think they were talking to the U.S. ''Census'' bureau and take the surveys that were, indeed, senseless.
* RussellBrand sometimes does this in his stand-up set, usually finding a slightly silly advertisement in the local newspaper of the town where he's doing the show and calling the business up with outrageous requests.
** He also did this on his radio show, which led to the infamous [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sachsgate Sachsgate Scandal]], which (long story short) a message on comedian Andrew Sach's answer phone caused outrage due to comments about his grand daughter, leading to TheBBC getting fined by the regulators, Jonathon Ross (who was also present) being suspended and Brand's eventual resignation from the BBC. Proof that this kind of joke [[DudeNotFunny isn't always appreciated.]]
* Brent Douglas and the late Phil Stone of KMOD-FM in Tulsa, OK created "Radio/RoyDMercer," a country bumpkin who calls up businesses, citizens and even celebrities, asking for outlandish recompense for some wrong or another, and threatening an "ass-whoopin'" if he doesn't get it. Some believe that "Roy" is based on "Leroy Mercer," the brainchild of Tennessee native John Bean, who died in 1984 and whose [[KeepCirculatingTheTapes work was disseminated through bootleg tapes]] in the early '80s. Stone and Douglas claimed their character was original, despite the fact that "Roy's" and "Leroy's" calls share many similarities.
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