[[quoteright:316:[[Film/HarryPotterAndThePhilosophersStone http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/hogwarts01_4002.png]]]]
[[caption-width-right:316:This should be interesting..]]

Why even bother with a CityOfAdventure? Sometimes, all it takes is one building to provide all the wackiness the plot requires. Besides, that way, you don't need to do any location shooting.

The Building of Adventure is frequently in the MiddleOfNowhereStreet. May be a setting in a CozyCatastrophe.

Frequently, as in many examples below, the building will be [[BigLabyrinthineBuilding a complex, arcology, or large structure]]. This still eliminates the need for location shooting and can result in very strange overuse of familiar props and scenery. Sometimes, especially when played for laughs, sections of a Building of Adventure will look ''nothing'' like other sections. However, at its most pure, this trope refers to a small, familiar set as the entire world of the story, a device often used in theatre.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Manga/HunterXHunter'' had the Heavens Arena: a 210-story tower full of battle arenas, as well as malls and luxury hotels.
* Hinata Inn, of ''LoveHina'', was a sort of these. Tunnels, ancient underground civilizations of turtles, workshops, old rooms with creepy automata, whatever the plot called for.
* Like Hogwarts, Duel Academy in ''Anime/YuGiOhGX'' is a school cut off from the rest of the world. In chronological order, 3 demons were sealed away, a maniac with a {{KillSat}} tried to brainwash everyone, and the island was sent to an alternate dimension.
* Despite being animated, most of ''RozenMaiden'' takes place within the confines of Jun's house, unless you count its PhantomZone.
* The anime ''{{Android Announcer Maico 2010}}'' has everything take place inside a radio station. (This is not true in the manga ''{{Maico 2010}}'' on which it was based.)
* The vast majority of ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'''s Hueco Mundo arc takes place in one massive building called Las Noches. Despite atomic sized explosions [[spoiler: such as those caused by Ichigo's Hollow and Ulquiorra's Segunda Espada form]], barely any of the structure is even scathed.
* ''SeitokaiNoIchizon'' takes place almost entirely in the Student Council room. It's rare to even see the hallways or the school itself.
* In ''Manga/MedakaBox'', so far the story hasn't once left Hakoniwa Academy, which is attended by about 98% of the cast. Kinda justified in that it's apparently the size of a small town.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comics]]
* In Franchise/{{Batman}}, Wayne Manor, Arkham Asylum, and the Batcave all act as centerpieces for many stories.
* The ComicBook/FantasticFour had the Baxter Building and Four Freedoms Plaza as the center of their series.
* The same can be said for [[ComicBook/TheAvengers the Avengers']] mansion and Stark tower.
* Comicbook/DoctorStrange's mansion also acts as this and is an example of GeniusLoci since it's at least somewhat alive.
* The 1970's DC horror series, ''The House of Mysteries''.
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[[folder:Film]]
* ''RearWindow'' takes place entirely within one tenement building, with all the action either taking place in, or being observed from, a single apartment. ''Rope'' likewise is filmed in real time in one apartment, and ''Lifeboat'' takes place in a lifeboat. All Hitchcock films.
* Except for the {{Flashback}} to Paris and the climactic scenes in the airport, nearly all of the action in ''{{Casablanca}}'' takes place in Rick's Cafe Americain.
* ''Film/LogansRun'' is implied to take place AfterTheEnd. All of mankind lives in giant domes full to bursting with all that one could want, all set to synthesizer music. But there's darkness in paradise...
* The house of ''PanicRoom''.
* ''Film/TwelveAngryMen'': Except for the opening and closing scenes in the courtroom itself, never leaves the jury room.
* ''Film/ReservoirDogs'' mostly takes place inside the warehouse.
* ''Film/DieHard'': Most of the first film is set either in the office building or the carpark directly outside it.
* There are only two rooms in ''Film/TheRoom'' and the roof.
* ''Russian Ark'', a two hour film completely inside the Russian State Hermitage Museum. In real time with a vengance, as the film was made in one, uncut, shot. "2000 Actors. 300 years of Russian History. 33 Rooms at the Hermitage Museum. 3 Live Orchestras. 1 Single Continuous Shot."
** Considering that the Hermitage is part of the Winter Palace, it would probably qualify as a Crowning Building of Awesome, if there were such an entry.
* ''RaiseTheRedLantern'' takes place entirely within one Chinese estate, but still gets an entry in SceneryPorn. Not a bad accomplishment by ZhangYimou, to say the least. Despite the obvious differences in the works, comparisons to ''Literature/{{Gormenghast}}'' seem interestingly appropriate at times.
* ''TheManFromEarth'' takes place in one room, and a few short scenes in front of the house.
* ''Film/CrimsonTide'' takes place almost entirely inside a single nuclear submarine.
* ''Film/TheHouseOfYes'': Takes place within the confines of the titular house.
* ''Film/{{Dredd}}'': The main action of the film happens almost entirely within one very large building.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'': Hogwarts and its grounds in the book series, though the books had a few scenes in other places -- Knockturn Alley, Gringotts, or the nearby [[{{Muggles}} Muggle]]-free town, Hogsmeade.
** Also the Ministry of Magic, which provides the setting for a great battle (the battle of the Department of Mysteries) and later an important infiltration attempt by Harry and Ron.
* ''Literature/{{Gormenghast}}'': Gormenghast Castle, from Mervyn Peake's ''Titus Groan'' novels, blurs the line between a city and a single building.
* John [=DeChancie=]'s ''CastlePerilous'' series -- subverted in that inside the castle are 144,000 ''universes''.
* The House in Garth Nix's ''Literature/KeysToTheKingdom'' series.
* ''Literature/{{Otherland}}'': One of the virtual realities visited by the characters in the cycle takes the form of a single huge building, in which people live and die without ever going outside.
* Evenmore in James Stoddard's ''Literature/TheHighHouse''.
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[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* The titular ''Series/FawltyTowers''.
* ''Series/SavedByTheBell'' Bayside High from ''SavedByTheBell'' seems to contain the entire universe. A few of the kids' bedrooms were occasionally shown (always using the same redecorated set). The exception is the Max, where they often hang out after school.
* The store in ''TodaysSpecial''.
* Initially, the bar in ''Series/{{Cheers}}'' (probably for economic reasons). After a couple of seasons, scenes outside the bar became a regular occurrence.
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' tried to do this in its early seasons, but branched out to the rest of the galaxy when the titular station couldn't seem to provide quite enough intrigue.
* ''Series/BabylonFive'' didn't limit itself solely to the eponymous station, but many of the episodes were set entirely on it, in various sections.
* ''Series/RedDwarf'' for much of its run. Indeed, in the first series, they did not leave the ship once. Of course, like the above two examples, the titular ship is the size of a small city anyway (6 miles long, 5 miles high, 4 miles wide -- that adds up to a lot of interior space), although the lack of population makes that largely moot.
* ''Woops!'': The farmhouse in Fox's 1992 AfterTheEnd sitcom was more or less the center of the world. It had to be: it was the only thing left for miles around.
* The earliest shows went a step even ''farther'': drawing from stage traditions (and often in front of a live audience), they could have all the wackiness necessary to facilitate the series take place in a single ''room'', such as Ralph and Alice's apartment in ''TheHoneymooners''.
* In ''Series/{{ER}},'' most of the action happens within the Chicago County General Hospital.
* ''Series/BarneyMiller'''s police station.
* The 4077 base in ''Series/{{MASH}}''. The show mostly takes place at the base, though it was, after all, [[ShapedLikeItself mobile]].
* The courthouse in ''Series/NightCourt''.
* The radio station in ''Series/NewsRadio''.
* The bus station in ''Series/TheJohnLarroquetteShow''.
* ''{{General Hospital}}'': The titular hospital was originally an example of this trope, in fact in its first few years almost all of the action was set entirely on the seventh floor. Eventually as money became available, character's apartments and homes were shown and the hospital was eventually shown less and less until the title of the show become somewhat of a misnomer, although the hospital set has been used a lot more lately. In essence, the show evolved from this trope to CityOfAdventure, since even now most of the action remains in Port Charles.
* ''Series/AreYouBeingServed'' ''very'' rarely left Grace Brothers Department Store.
* The Vecindad in ''Series/ElChavoDelOcho''.
* ''[[TheMonkees The New Monkees]]'' rarely left the mansion they lived in.
* ''AllInTheFamily'': 704 Houser, the only location to get its own spin-off show.
* ''TheRoyleFamily'', right up until "The Queen of Sheba", was set entirely in the Royles' house, and mostly in the living room.
* The tragicomic ''RogerAndValHaveJustGotIn'' takes place entirely in Roger and Val's house and garage.
* ''[[Series/{{JAG}} JAG Headquarters]]'' in Falls Church, Virginia has had its fair share of hostage situations, impostors, screaming births and courtroom antics (including assault of counsel and an automatic weapon fired in the courtroom).
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[[folder:Pinball]]
* ''Pinball/TheAddamsFamily'' takes place entirely in the family mansion and surrounding grounds.
* Creator/ZenStudios' ''[[VideoGame/TheAvengersZenStudios The Avengers]]'' pinball is set on the SHIELD Helicarrier.
* In ''Pinball/TheTwilightZone'' pinball, everything is technically taking place inside a Curio Shop. At least until the player assembles the door panels and enters The Zone...
* ''Pinball/SharkeysShootout'' takes place entirely in Sharkey's exclusive pool hall.
* Most of the events in ''[[Pinball/WHODunnit WHO dunnit]]'' take place at Tony's Palace, a hotel and casino.
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[[folder:Radio]]
* Whit's End, in ''Radio/AdventuresInOdyssey''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:{{Theatre}}]]
* Many plays of the Ancient Greek theatre, most notably {{Sophocles}}' [[Theatre/OedipusTheKing Oedipus cycle]].
** Although it is more correct to say that most Greek plays were set in front of one building, rather than inside one. The convention in the Athenian theatre was that all the action takes place outside, in the open air, because Greek theatres were open-air places themselves, and public business in Greece was traditionally conducted outside. The stage doors in the skene building generally represented the doors to a palace or townhouse (or occasionally a cave), while the left and right hand passageways at the sides traditionally represented the routes down into the city and out into the countryside respectively.
* ''TheForeigner'' takes place entirely in Betty Meek's lodge.
* ''[[WhosAfraidOfVirginiaWoolf Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?]]'' has all of its action in George and Martha's residence.
* ''WaitUntilDark'' is set in the Hendrix apartment.
* Technically, ''ManOfLaMancha'' is always set only in the dungeon, due to the ShowWithinAShow element.
* ''Brighton Beach Memoirs'' and ''Broadway Bound'', the first and third installments of NeilSimon's Eugene trilogy, both take place in the Jerome household.
* ''Theatre/AugustOsageCounty'', which is set in a three-story house, ''built entirely on-stage''.
* ''YouCantTakeItWithYou'': The Vanderhof household definitely fits here.
* Several Creator/DavidMamet plays, most notably ''Theatre/AmericanBuffalo'', ''{{November}}'', and ''Boston Marriage''.
* William Inge's ''Bus Stop'' is set entirely at... [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a bus stop.]]
* ''{{Hamlet}}'' would be the ''only'' Shakespeare play set in one location (the grounds of Elsinore), if not for the brief Act IV, Scene iv. An argument could be made about the graveyard in Act V, Scene i as well. (The Kronborg castle at Elsinore doesn't have a graveyard on its grounds.)
* Anything from the French 17th century. Their theater theory emphasized unity of place; ie the whole play was supposed to take place in a single building, and usually in a single room.
* Variation in ''AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', where the action takes place on the street outside of some houses in Rome, none of which are fleshed out beyond what is required for the joke or to fit the front facade.
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[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The Warhammer 40,000 Spin-Off game Necromunda was set entirely within the lowest levels of Hive Primus - a vast hive city building and the pre-eminent such arcology on the planet Necromunda.
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[[folder:Video Games]]
* Technically, DungeonCrawling games only take place in a single building: the dungeon itself. See the next two examples below.
* The ''{{VideoGame/Diablo}}'' series tends to have these. The original had all its action take place in the Tristram Cathedral and its various basements. ''Diablo 2'' had the Rogue's Monastery.
* Most of ''VideoGame/{{Persona 3}}'' takes place in Gekkoukan High School/Tartarus. Pretty much all of [[{{UpdatedRerelease}} The Answer]] in ''Persona 3 FES'' takes place [[spoiler: in the SEES dorm]]
* Many [[HubLevel Hub Levels]] are Buildings of Adventure. Such as [[SuperMario64 Princess Peach]] and [[Franchise/{{Castlevania}} Count Dracula's]] castles.
* ''VideoGame/SilentHill4'' is a Building of Adventure -- Henry's apartment -- with portals to other worlds.
** With their shifting floor plans, obstacles requiring multi-level detours, and doors that involve elaborate puzzles and bizarre objects to unlock, any large building encountered in any Silent Hill game counts. And that's before you even factor in the monster inhabitants.
* ''VideoGame/TheSeventhGuest''
* ''VideoGame/{{BioShock|1}}'': While Rapture is seen to be an entire UnderwaterCity, the whole of the game seems to take place in one of its towers.
* ''{{Canvas 2}}'' takes place almost entirely either in Nadesico or Hiroki's home.
* ''Franchise/ResidentEvil''
** ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil0'': The Spencer Mansion in Resident Evil and Marcus' Training facility.
** ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil2'': The majority of the game takes place in the Raccoon City Police Department. You ''do'' eventually leave it, but not until fairly late in the game. And even then, the other location, an underground laboratory, is accessed from a secret tunnel in said police station.
* Series/TheAddamsFamily mansion in the SNES platforming video games.
* Dr. Edison's manor in ''VideoGame/ManiacMansion'' and ''VideoGame/DayOfTheTentacle''.
* The Roivas family estate in ''EternalDarkness: Sanity's Requiem''.
* Dracula's Castle in the ''Franchise/{{Castlevania}}'' series. It helps that the castle ''itself'' is a RealityWarper.
* Jasper's adventures begin the moment he sets foot within the gates of ''PuzzleClubhouse''. It helps that the Clubhouse contains [[OhLookMoreRooms an endless variety]] of [[PortalDoor Portal Doors]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''{{Sealab 2021}}''.
* The Galeria Mall in ''{{Sixteen}}''.
* ''FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends''
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'': Almost none of the action in has taken place outside of the titular school/industrial complex, with the exception of some brief foray into Gillitie Forest (which lies just outside the Court) and flashbacks to the Good Hope hospital. The comic still manages this successfully in spite of the fact that the titular Court is a lot like a small city (with housing complexes, commodities like hairdressers, and a full mass-transit system) due to the fact that the vast majority of the Court is disturbingly empty (even considering the robots).
* ''Webcomic/TheMansionOfE'': Ninety percent of the action takes place in, around or under the titular structure.
* ''{{Franchise/Buildingverse}}'' got its name because of this trope. When ''{{Webcomic/Roommates}}'' began it was set in a single apartment building (#JustForFun/FortyTwo). But as the series [[ContinuityCreep progressed]] and the 'verse grow there were more and more things added to the [[CityOfAdventure town]] (First an ExtranormalInstitute (St. Jude University) then restaurants (Sakura Sushi, Convenient Café) etc.), and story lines even outside of that from Oz to Paris. So currently we have a subversion.
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[[folder: Web Original]]
* GraveAcademy 's... Grave Academy is this on steroids.
* There's a small shared story-verse called "[[http://shifti.org/wiki/Xanadu_%28setting%29 Xanadu]]", which is about a fair-sized costume convention called Xanadu, in which [[BecomingTheCostume costumes became real, and those wearing them changed]]. Largely these stories take place in and around the convention center and the hotel, and certain areas - the central judging room, the big atrium, hallways -- recur in different stories. Though a fair number of stories involve characters escaping into the rest of the world, but almost all of them start at Xanadu. Those that don't, reference it instead.
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