Maybe the character was born a {{Mutant}}, or belong to a HumanSubspecies, or have gone far enough up the EvolutionaryLevels as part of the [[GoalOrientedEvolution goal of evolution]], or underwent ''extensive'' BioAugmentation of the essentially permanent kind... Or perhaps they were even created as an ArtificialHuman from the get-go. The bottom line is, this human character's biology, while not [[BizarreAlienBiology technically alien]], cannot be considered "normal human" by any stretch of the term, be it due to having extra organs (duplicate or not), wildly different biochemistry, abnormal nutritional requirements, or even possessing completely new cellular organelles.

Note that '''not all''' cases of HumanSubspecies, {{Transhuman}}ism, {{Mutants}}, BioAugmentation, etc. lead to BizarreHumanBiology. They are only ''possible ways'' for attaining this trope.

Compare and contrast BizarreAlienBiology, which may overlap with this trope in cases of {{Half Human Hybrid}}s or {{Panspermia}}.


[[folder: Anime And Manga ]]

* Italy's IdiotHair in ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' is shown in the comic to be an "erogenous zone". It's unclear if the note was referring to his scalp reacting to the hair being pulled, or if he has actual feeling in the hair, but the fandom tends to run with the latter, and usually applies the same principle to the other curl-bearing nations. At least one fic goes to the logical extreme of the hairs being sensitive and has one bleed when severed. Also, Norway's curl actually floats around, detached from his head.
* Souther ([[SpellMyNameWithAnS or however you want to romanize it]]) in ''Manga/FistOfTheNorthStar'' has ''situs invertus totalis'' (see '''Real Life''' section below) -- which means that Kenshiro's first attempt to defeat him fails utterly. Because all of Souther's organs are inverted in his body, so are the pressure points that Kenshiro's Hokuto Shinken style relies on. When Kenshiro learns Souther's secret during their second battle, the Holy Emperor's fate is sealed.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* The UltimateMarvel version of [[ComicBook/FantasticFour Mr. Fantastic's]] body is an infinitely extensible fluid-filled sack containing, in place of an alimentary canal and other organs, just a squishable bolus of microbes that perform all metabolic functions. It's definitely ArtisticLicenseBiology, though fans chalk it up to RuleOfCool and leave it at that.
* ComicBook/PlasticMan is inorganic after his OriginStory; this actually makes him immune to [[{{Brainwashed}} Brainwashing]], since his brain itself is apparently plastic.
* Post-Extremis, it was revealed that [[ComicBook/IronMan Tony Stark]] had managed to change how his insides were organized.
* Franchise/{{Batman}} villain Killer Croc is allegedly a human who was born with a very rare skin disease, but many artists have started to make him less and less humanlike and more [[LizardFolk reptilian]] in appearance, [[DependingOnTheArtist sometimes]] having a crocodile snout and tail. One writer has {{Hand Wave}}d this as being a mutation in his disease that grants him traits of more primitive animals.
* Mystique, Raven Darkholme is a shapeshifter. She has on occasions been shown able to rearrange her internal or grow a face on the back of her head, or even grow additional arms.
* Comicbook/DoctorStrange still looks human on the outside, but years of exposure to magic has taken its toll on him. He can no longer eat food that humans normally eat for one thing. Most of what he eats and drinks looks like it's from another dimension (and it probably is). Even worse, it tastes as bad as it looks -- Stephen at one point complains that his meal tastes like ''leprosy''. Still worse, Wong notes that even though that kind of food is the only kind Strange's body can accept, eating it will still eventually kill him.
* Humans in the MarvelUniverse are very different from RealLife humans thanks to the Celestials' experiments on their ancestors. All humans possess the potential to manifest superpowers if the right conditions are met. Different subspecies have different triggers:
** Eternals and Deviants are born with their powers: Eternals get immortality and the ability to manipulate cosmic energy (at the cost of constantly needing to vent off heat), and the Deviants get BodyHorror.
** Comicbook/TheInhumans were further messed up by Kree experiments, and now manifest random powers and mutations through exposure to Terrigen Mist in a process called terrigenesis. People descended from Inhumans who mated with baseline humans also have a chance of undergoing terrigenesis or dying.
** Mutants usually manifest their mutations at puberty, though a rare few manifest their mutations at birth. This is apparently due to an extra gene dubbed the X-gene. Certain outside conditions seem to be able to cause the X-gene to manifest more often in the human population -- the detonation of the atomic bombs during World War II triggered a rise in mutant birthrates. It's also implied that every mutant is actually a RealityWarper who unconsciously alters reality in a different way.
** Baseline humans usually never manifest powers on their own, but exposure to certain (usually life-threatening) conditions can cause them to appear.


[[folder: Fan Work ]]

* In ''[[ Flat Tire with Bad Guys]], [[spoiler:[[Manga/RurouniKenshin Kenshin]]]] was revealed to have nucleated red blood cells which could take on the function of white blood cells in a pinch. In fact, any cell could take on any function, if need be. They can form new organs wherever and whenever they're needed. And [[Series/StargateSG1 Jack O'Neill's]] antigens. [[spoiler:It's because he's a hanyou, and {{Youkai}}, in the Urban Legends universe, are a HumanSubspecies created by the Ancients, whom Creator/{{Vathara}} envisions as AbusivePrecursors.]]
* While [[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion Rei Ayanami]] is {{canon}}ically known to be at least [[HalfHumanHybrid partially human]], the specifics aren't made clear. To compensate, {{Fanfic}}s tend to depict her with either this trope, BizarreAlienBiology, or ''both'', each in various ways. To list them all would be a herculean task, given the size of the fandom; one notably common issue, however, is whether or not she has an S[[superscript:2]] Engine/[[AlternateCharacterReading Organ]], and its exact role in her physiology.
* ''FanFic/DiariesOfAMadman'': Navarone ends up as this due to various magical experiments. A backfiring spell results in him gaining pegasus wings, and an EmergencyTransformation results in him gaining several plant-like characteristics.
* Peter Watts' ''[[ The Things]]'' subverts this. The humans in the story are perfectly normal...which is utterly ''baffling'' to the alien. We can't shapeshift [[HumansAreSpecial like all other life in the universe]], we can't truly communicate beyond exchanging grunts, and our minds aren't disseminated throughout all our body cells but left coiled up inside cystic nerve fibers locked within bony cavities. To a creature that doesn't understand the concept of individuality, we're miserable, lonely, barely sapient ''tumors.''


[[folder: Films ]]

* ''Franchise/StarWars'': Humans, as well as all other living species in TheVerse, possess "midi-chlorians," mysterious organelles which have some intricate connection to the Force.
** [[FanWank It's a bit more complicated than that.]] The [[StarWarsLegends old expanded universe]] has gone back and forth over what the role of Midi Chlorians actually are, though the [[StarWarsExpandedUniverse the new Expanded Universe]]'s current stance is that midi-chlorians act as a go-between for the [[LifeEnergy Living Force]] and the [[SentientCosmicForce Cosmic Force]].
* In the ''Film/JamesBond'' film ''Film/TheManWithTheGoldenGun'', the [[JustForPun titular]] man with the golden gun is a ProfessionalKiller named Scaramanga, who aside from using a golden gun and requesting a million dollars for every hit, is distinctively known for having a supernumerary nipple (see RealLife section). James Bond uses a prosthetic when posing as him to a man who has hired Scaramanga, but never met him.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* The Deathless Kings from ''Literature/CraftSequence'' are undead human skeletons that can still eat, drink, and have sex.
* Human soldiers from ''Literature/OldMansWar'' have their [[BrainUploading brains downloaded]] into genetically engineered bodies that have green photosyntesizing skin, cat eyes and nano-bots instead of blood.
* In Creator/AlanDeanFoster's Tipping Point Trilogy, body modification has become basically as easy as getting a haircut. PowerPerversionPotential is rampant.
* The ''Literature/EighthDoctorAdventures'' novel ''The Blue Angel'' features an AlternateRealityEpisode in which the Doctor is [[AmbiguouslyHuman theoretically human]]. He has two hearts, no navel, and an unusual aversion to the cold. It's probably related to the fact that [[HalfHumanHybrid his mother is a]] [[OurMermaidsAreDifferent mermaid]].
* In the mystery story "The Image in the Mirror" by Creator/DorothyLSayers, a key plot point is that one of the characters has ''situs inversus''.
* Humans of the planet [[MeaningfulName Covenant]] in Creator/{{Greg Egan}}'s "Oceanic", who are descended from a group of transhumans who have since rejected TheSingularity, are not described in too much detail, but the main feature that is [[LikeRealityUnlessNoted different from actual humanity]] is that the male's penis is apparently detachable, and passes to the female during sex, at which point it is grafted onto the female, and the male grows a vagina.[[note]]One would think this would be a recipe for [=STDs=] and organ rejection to spread like wildfire, but this is never brought up.[[/note]] Unfortunately for the readers, they find this out in the middle of a ''[[FanDisservice sex scene]]'', with almost no forewarning, landing the characters straight into the UncannyValley.


[[folder: Live-action TV ]]

* The Sebeceans in ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' are [[spoiler: humans decended from SuperSoldiers who were genetically engineered by aliens long ago.]] They have improved physical strength and eyesight (humans are apparently practically blind by the standards of other races) but fewer redundant organs and an extreme ([[FateWorseThanDeath seriously]]) weakness to high temperatures.
** Also, their women can delay pregnancy once an egg is fertilized (until such time as it is convenient to grow the baby), and pregnancy is accelerated once it is actually begun.
* In ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' the [[Characters/SupernaturalSpecialChildren Special Children]] develop psychic powers, the ability to kill with a touch, and super strength, after being fed demon blood as infants.
* ''Situs inversus'' turns up again in ''Series/OrphanBlack'', where it's used as the explanation of how [[spoiler:Helena survived being shot in the chest at the end of the first season.]]


[[folder: Music ]]

* VermillionLies have a song entitled "Long Red Hair", about a pair of ConjoinedTwins born joined at the hair.


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}:
** [[SpaceMarine Adeptus]] [[SuperSoldier Astartes]]. [[LongList To wit they have aside from the normal human organs 19 implanted organs]]: A secondary heart. An organ that increases bone structure and makes their ribcage ''bulletproof''. [[note]]to small arms anyway[[/note]] An organ that makes their muscles grow vastly larger and more powerful. An organ that increases their blood's clotting ability. An organ that allows them to only need 4 hours of sleep and can go for two weeks without any sleep at all. A pre-stomach that can neutralize otherwise poisonous or indigestible foods. An organ that allows them to "learn from eating". [[note]]Four nerve bundles are implanted connecting the spine and the stomach wall. Able to 'read' or absorb genetic material consumed by the marine, the omophagea transmits the gained information to the Marine's brain as a set of memories or experiences[[/note]] A third lung that allows them to breathe in toxic atmospheres and underwater. An implant giving them far-superior vision to humans. An implant that makes them immune to motion sickness and the ability to consciously filter sounds. An implant that allows them to enter a healing coma/suspended animation. [[note]]This can last for a long time, the longest recorded period spent in suspended animation was undertaken by Silas Err of the Dark Angels, who was revived after 567 years[[/note]] An implant that controls the amount of melanin in their skin.[[note]]It also protects the Marine from other forms of radiation.[[/note]] An organ that quickly filters the Marine's blood, rendering them immune to most poisons. [[note]]This emergency detoxification usually renders the Marine unconscious while his blood is circulated at high speed. The organ's everyday function is to monitor the entire circulatory system and allow other organs to function effectively[[/note]] An organ that enhances a Space Marine's sense of taste to such a high degree that he can identify many common chemicals by taste alone, a Marine can even track down his target by taste. An implant that allows a Space Marine to sweat a substance that coats the skin and offers resistance to extreme heat and cold and can even provide some protection for the marine in a vacuum. An organ that allows the marine to [[HollywoodAcid spit a blinding contact poison, the poison is also corrosive and can even burn away strong metals given sufficient time]]. Implants that are the base for the the other organs. [[OverlyLongGag And finally]] an implant that allows a Space Marine to interface directly with his PowerArmor. Many Black Library writers and ''40K'' characters use the term "posthuman" to refer to Astartes for a reason.
** The Primarchs. All of the above? Derived from the Primarchs' genetic material. And they were created from the Emperor's genetic material. While the details of their biology remain unknown, the Primarchs' and the Emperor's superhuman abilities are signs that beneath the surface, their bodies were ''very'' different from the bodies of normal humans. A combination of this, his own psyker abilities, and the Golden Throne (which is falling into disrepair), are probably what's keeping the Emperor barely alive even though most of his body has rotted away after Horus tore him apart.


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* In ''VideoGame/ParasiteEve'', the protagonist Aya possesses a more benign/passive form of the "evolved" strain of mitochondria serving as the franchise' BigBad, which are not only ''a self-aware HiveMind'' that can [[BodySnatcher hijack their "hosts"]] and act like TheVirus, they possess actual superpowers, which include SpontaneousHumanCombustion and BodyHorror transformations!
* Common in ''Franchise/MetalGear'':
** ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2'': Fortune was born with her heart on the '''right''' side, due to ''situs inversus'' (see RealLife section).
** [[CombatSadomasochist The Pain]] in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater'' uses [[BeeBeeGun weaponized bees]] as part of his [[QuirkyMiniBossSquad quirk]]. One of these bee types are "bullet bees", which are bees which he grows within his body. He attacks with them by spitting them out like bullets at an enemy, which bore into their targets and eat their flesh from the inside out until they are removed.
** Quiet of ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidVThePhantomPain'' [[spoiler:actually drinks and breathes through her skin. Which gives a bit of a justification for [[MsFanservice her running around on a battlefield practically naked]]. If she is completely submerged, however, she will drown just like a plant would, and although you can't use this against her in-game, she can also apparently be killed by being splashed in salt water.]]
* In the Enemy Within expansion for VideoGame/XCOMEnemyUnknown, you can use [[AppliedPhlebotinum "meld"]] to, much like the Astartes mentioned above, extensively modify your soldiers' bodies. You can give them chameleon skin, two hearts, regenerative bone marrow, leg muscles to allow them to jump like fleas, aim-correcting eyeballs; the list goes on and on...


[[folder: Visual Novels ]]

* Similar to the Hetalia example above, Aoba from Dramatical Murder has hair with nerve endings in it. [[spoiler:In his backstory, it's revealed that he was born attached to his twin brother from it.]]


[[folder: Webcomics ]]

* In ''Webcomic/QuantumVibe'' when Seamus is originally introduced he has some physiological abnormalities due to a botched [[LongevityTreatment rejuvenation]], gigantism combined with a metabolic disorder that made him morbidly obese, nerves in his hair, and the ability to fart at will. He had most of the problems fixed during the Luna arc, though he's still pretty tall.
* In ''Webcomic/{{Hellp}}'' some people get random non-human features after they die. Can be as small as a weird eye color or as big as an extra set of limbs, and anything in between. Also, everyone has a WoundThatWillNotHeal which doesn't kill them, even though it's possible to die of physical trauma in this version of Hell.


[[folder: Real Life ]]

* [[Music/OzzyOsbourne OZZY, the mutant Prince of Darkness.]] Medical Science had no explanation for why he hadn't drugged himself to death many times over. Medical Science decided to investigate. Medical Science found that Ozzy has several genes that allow him to metabolize opiates and alcohol [[ImmuneToDrugs far more efficiently]] than most humans. Caffeine? Not so much!
** To a possibly lesser degree, the members of Music/TheRollingStones, especially [[Music/MickJagger Sir Mick]] and Music/KeithRichards.
** Probably the only candidate for a greater degree? [[Music/TheWho Keith Moon]].
* [[ Situs inversus]], especially the ''totalis'' version, is a congenital human condition where the internal organs are in reverse of where they normally are (heart with apex on the right, liver on the left, etc.). Absent any actual congenital defects, such individuals can lead otherwise perfectly normal lives.
** Ironically, it's the ''milder'' versions of this condition that can be life-threatening, such as when a heart that's inverted in an otherwise-normal chest (a condition known as dextrocardia) tries to pump blood into the lungs with its stronger side and to the body with its weaker one, rather than the other way around.
* There are also quite a few other congenital birth disorders, from practically invisible (webbed fingers/toes), mostly harmless (hare lip, extra finger(s) or toe(s), alopecia (lack of hair)), debilitating (limb deformities), and probably not going to survive for long after birth, if the infant even lasts that long (born ''without most of the brain''). Some people also have pointy ears, pointy teeth, or excess body hair, which makes them look like elves, vampires or werewolves, respectively.
** Less obvious examples would be the ability to see colours that are invisible to most of the population, have a better dark vision, or quirks like being able to keep one's own body temperature at a comfortable point, regardless of outside temperature.
* About 1/400 people has their kidneys fused into a horseshoe-shape, which is mostly asymptomatic. Creator/MelGibson is one notable carrier.
* [[ HeLa]] is an immortal, single-celled organism with 82 chromosomes. It's a culture of cancers cells drawn from a patient ('''He'''nrietta '''La'''cks) in the 1950s, which has continued to undergo cell division and grow, bizarrely unaffected by the Hayflick Limit, and at this point the number of such cells grown has easily surpassed the number of cells in the original donor's body.
* An... ''interesting'' and technically correct description of intercourse popped up in Website/SomethingAwful (a middle-school teacher requested things to make her sex ed class memorable):
-->'''Tony Danza Claus:''' I really wanna teach a troll sex ed class. But stick to actual facts.\\
"The blood rushes into the penis, which is basically [[GroinAttack an elongated clitoris made of the same erectile tissue of the labia.]] Then the man puts his re-purposed clitoris into the vagina, which is [[NauseaFuel lubricated by mucus, just like snot,]] and after so long the man ejaculates, which means a funny smelling liquid called semen, which comes from a gland in his asshole, [[OrificeInvasion mixes with some worm-like creatures]] and [[OrificeEvacuation then comes out of where he pees.]]"\\
"So sex is basically snot and blood and rear end gravy and worms all thrown into a big sweaty bowl that can result in a baby, which cost on average $28,000 a year. Any questions?"
* [[ 7 Terrifying Things They Don't Tell You About Pregnancy]]
** [[ 6 Real People With Mind Blowing Mutant Superpowers]]: a group of people who, through some random combination of strange physical quirks, have abilities that seem superhuman.
* [[ Genetic chimerism]] in humans came to light when two new mothers -- one in Massachusetts, the other in Washington State -- gave birth to children whose initial DNA tests showed that the women's husbands were the biological fathers, but that they were not the biological mothers. Further tests showed that both mothers had two different DNA profiles in different parts of their bodies.
* Wisdom tooth extraction is an experience that is apparently universal to your average teenager or vicenarian. If they aren't getting them removed, then lucky them, they never grew them at all! And then there are those who never had them removed because they had so much room in their mouths that the wisdom teeth were able to grow in and settle in as happy and comfortably as any of the other teeth they grew. Some even have ''more than'' one set of wisdom teeth in there.
* PlayedWith in the case of double-jointed people. They are not actually an example of this, but they sure do look like it when bending their limbs in odd directions.
* A [[ supernumerary nipple]] is a third nipple that grows on the human body, with a rate of about 1 out of 18 males and 1 out of 50 females. They typically appear on the "milk line" of the human body, but have been known to develop as far away from the chest as a person's foot, and depending on the type are frequently mistaken for moles. Notable people who have supernumerary nipples include MarkWahlberg and ZacEfron
* Michael Lotito was famous for eating objects such as metal, glass, televisions, a bicycle, shopping carts, a coffin, and, over the course of two years, ''an entire Cessna 150.'' He also drank large amounts of mineral oil to help wash these things down. He didn't suffer any kind of health problems from his diet, although he did mention bananas and hard-boiled eggs made him sick.
* Synesthesia is likely another example (likely because science isn't completely sure what causes it, but its most probably biological) It's a sensory condition where two or more senses are connected, causing synesthetes to see sound, or taste words when they speak, for example. As it's something you need to be born with, many synesthetes don't realize that most people don't experience the world the way they do until they're older.