->''"A man is his own easiest dupe, for what he wishes to be true he generally believes to be true."''
-->-- [[OlderThanFeudalism Demosthenes]]

A character, typically an antagonist, is known for making some outrageous claims. Either [[MaliciousSlander vicious attacks against their foes]], [[AGodAmI claims of divinity]], or [[MilesGloriosus consistently twisting events so they look better]].

In anyone else, these could be called out as BlatantLies. But what sets this character apart is that, contrary to all evidence and the fact that they, by all rights, ''should'' know better, they honestly believe every word they're saying.

However sane they may have been when they started, they've gone over the deep end and are now Believing Their Own Lies.

DoubleThink is an extreme example where the said liar does know better but keeps believing his own lies simply because he can. SisterTrope to AGodAmI, where there is frequently overlap. The key difference is that this trope is less specific and doesn't ''have'' to be a claim of Godhood. This trope also applies only when the character should know perfectly well they ''aren't'' a god, but have convinced themselves otherwise. Characters suffering from this trope are also prone to a SelfServingMemory.

See also BecomingTheMask, in which a character assumes a fake identity he ultimately wishes to keep; and the AmnesiacLiar, who gets fed their own lies after memory loss. A StrawHypocrite, who manipulates others by feigning to follow a cause, may get taken in by their own rhetoric this way. Compare {{Conspiracy Theorist}}s, who think their outrageous claims are true from the get-go. With a little ObfuscatingStupidity, one can ''pretend to'' believe for as long as this gives an advantage.

[[noreallife]]
----
!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* The manga-only arc Onisarashi-hen from ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry'' has Natsumi [[spoiler: stating to the police that her mother killed her grandmother, then, after hiding the body, stabbed her father in the back of the neck for being incompetent and useless, then killing herself by slashing her throat open with a knife that she tried to kill Natsumi with.]] In chapter 7, [[spoiler: we find out that Natsumi committed all of the murders; she killed her grandmother, then got her parents to help hide her, stabbed her father in the front of his neck, and then killed her mother after she called for help when Akira called the house.]] Didn't you think [[spoiler: that Natsumi being the only one getting covered in blood, even though she wasn't killing anyone, was kind of weird?]]
* God Eneru in ''Manga/OnePiece'' had serious AGodAmI issues. While knowing that, in the Sky Islands, "God" is merely a title for an island's leader, Eneru's [[ShockAndAwe Lightning-based Rumble-Rumble Fruit powers]] combined with the near-omnipotence granted by his enhanced mind-reading Mantra ability convinced him that he truly ''was'' divine.
** Buggy the Clown; breaking a bunch of prisoners out of their cells in order to facilitate his escape from [[TheAlcatraz Impel Down]] caused him to start being referred to as "The Great Buggy-sama". This hit a critical mass when it emerged [[spoiler:that he once served on the Pirate King's ship, alongside one of the current Four Emperors.]] As a result, he started thinking he had a chance of taking Whitebeard's head. To put that in perspective, Buggy is on the low end of ''One Piece's'' SortingAlgorithmOfEvil, and Whitebeard is called WorldsStrongestMan with zero exaggeration.
* A villain of the week from the ''Manga/YuGiOh'' manga was a fake psychic (who physically made his prophecies of doom come true.) At the end, he's in a tight spot where only manifesting actual psychokinesis can save him, and he believes so hard he actually hallucinates that it's working.
* In ''Manga/SchoolLive'', in Yuki's mind, everything she sees looks like a normal day in school, that there is no ZombieApocalypse and except for the members of the School Life Club, she only sees the rest of the students are fine and not zombies. This is actually a defense mechanism developed by Yuki to cope with the world she is living in now.
* In the anime/manga of ''Literature/TheHeroicLegendOfArslan'', Rajendra dramatically broke down in tears at his father's funeral. The scene appeared to be a bit too melodramatic to be not planned but Narsus believed the prince's tears are genuine. Rajendra had played the role of a loving son for so long, he ended up believing it.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In an Franchise/ArchieComics story, Veronica tells Archie and Reggie that whoever scores the most baskets in the next school game gets to take her out that weekend. Reggie attempts to sabotage Archie by telling him that the best way to improve his basket-shooting is to criticize himself constantly and harshly while practicing. This goes Reggie's way until Coach Clayton sets Archie straight, telling him that he should do the opposite while practicing and build up his confidence. Archie indeed goes on to score the most baskets, leading Reggie to wonder whether there was something to his "advice" after all. The story ends with Reggie practicing while berating himself and surrounding himself with demotivational posters.
* DependingOnTheWriter, sometimes ComicBook/LexLuthor ''actually believes'' that he is fighting to protect humanity from Franchise/{{Superman}}. Other more minor villains, like (the most recent version of) Sam Lane, may believe the same.
* ''ComicBook/UnknownSoldier'' from DC Comics, one of the versions. He is there when America liberates a Nazi concentration camp. He kind of snaps. Now he believes that whatever America does is right, no matter how horrible, because they once fought against the horrible Nazis.
* In the ''Franchise/AvatarTheLastAirbender'' comic ''[[ComicBook/AvatarTheLastAirbenderRebound Rebound]]'', Mai's father seems sincerely to have deluded himself into believing Fire Lord Zuko abandoned his daughter and kicked her out when it's common knowledge that ''Mai'' is the one who left ''Zuko''.
* TheJoker sometimes believes his MultipleChoicePast, DependingOnTheWriter of course. One issue of The ''ComicBook/RobinSeries'' had him actually in tears as he told the psychiatrist of his [[AbusiveParents abusive childhood]], only for the psychiatrist to coldly point out that it's the ''seventh'' story he's told now.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Fics]]
* The LemonyNarrator to the essay-fic [[FanFic/EquestriaAHistoryRevealed Equestria: A History Revealed]], straight-up reveals at one point that she's been making up most of the history as she goes along. That doesn't stop her from continuing to write her version of history and being outraged all the same though.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* In the 1954 Biblical epic ''Film/TheSilverChalice'', Simon the Magician (Jack Palance) is a conman who gets rich by faking miracles. He convinces Caesar that he is able to fly, but eventually comes to believe in his own magic, jumps off a tower, and plummets to his death.
* In the 1995 film ''Film/DeadManWalking'' Matthew Poncelet has convinced himself that he didn't [[spoiler:rape a girl and then brutally murder her and her boyfriend]]. He holds firm to this claim for a large part of the film. However, towards the end when he is pleading against his sentence to [[spoiler:the death penalty]] he breaks down and admits that he did, in fact, commit the crime. While this could be seen as him admitting what he already knew, it is far more likely that he purposely suppressed those memories and began to believe his own lies. Thankfully he [[RedemptionEqualsDeath redeems himself]] at the end.
* Marcy seems genuinely surprised by the rashes she finds on her back, shortly after assuring Paul that she was perfectly healthy in ''Film/CabinFever''. Even after seeing the rashes, she seems to convince herself that they are just marks left from when he grabbed her.
* ''Film/TheInformant'': TheReveal of the film is that [[spoiler: the main character]] is a compulsive liar with an extraordinary talent for self-deception.
* Walter, ultimately in ''Film/BigEyes''. [[spoiler:He insists he's an artist and continues to do so until his death, even after Margaret uncovers signatures on his paintings that prove they were really just mass-produced tourist souvenirs from France]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Creator/DavidWeber:
** ''Literature/HonorHarrington:''
*** Cordelia Ransom is the head of the Office of Public Information for the People's Republic of Haven. She is the one who manages the PRH's propaganda, and in ''In Enemy Hands'' Citizen Admiral Thomas Theisman is horrified to realize that she seems to genuinely believe every word she broadcasts, and we see that her fellow heads of state are very concerned that Ransom believes her own propaganda.
*** The Masadans also believe things happened in a way that can't possibly be true, all so that they can hold their women in less than slavery and continue to pursue their goal of destroying Grayson.
** ''Literature/{{Safehold}}:''
*** The "Archangels", especially Langhorne and Bédard. They set up a PathOfInspiration specifically to keep humanity from developing technology again, in violation of the original plans for their mission, in part to satisfy their own megalomania. Pei Kau-Yung grew concerned that they had actually come to believe they were angels.
*** This is, and is lampshaded as, the single creepiest attribute of Grand Inquisitor Zhaspahr Clyntahn. No matter what he does, he can come up with a justification for why it's the best course of action for everyone, and not just for him personally. This justification often requires blatant disregard of facts he knows and doesn't know everyone else knows, and sometimes even facts [[IKnowYouKnowIKnow he knows they know]]. He seems to have compartmentalized his mind to such a degree that he can think himself innocent even as he knows he's guilty. There's a scene in the third book where he and his fellows debate the proper course of action in response to a murder apparently committed by the protagonists. As the meeting goes on, the others slowly realize one by one that ''Clyntahn'' paid the assassins, [[FalseFlagOperation just so the protagonists would be blamed]], but at any intimation the others make of this he's as indignant as if his conscience was spotless.
* In the Creator/KurtVonnegut novel ''Literature/CatsCradle'', Bokonon and Earl [=McCabe=], rulers of the fictional West Indian country San Lorenzo, create a new religion, Bokononism, in order to improve their subjects' lives. To increase the new religion's appeal to the masses, [=McCabe=] [[ForbiddenFruit outlaws its practice upon pain of death]] (while practicing it in secret), whereupon Bokonon "flees" into the jungle, a "wanted" man. Over time, however, the two men become so habituated to their respective roles in the charade that they go insane and become enemies for real.
* DoubleThink from ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'', without which the entire system would collapse: The ability to consciously lie and tell propaganda, yet at the same time believe every word of it.
* ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'':
** Gollum really believes that the ring was supposed to be his birthday gift. However, the ring is shown to corrupt every being who bears it, given a long enough time period. A major element of this corruption is that all it takes is close proximity to the ring to make a being eventually come to believe that they deserve to have it; that it is right and true and fair that they possess and wield it.
** In fact, this is part of how Gandalf first starts to suspect the truth about the Ring: He notices Bilbo's story of how he got the Ring has changed (even though there was nothing unethical about the original version), and that Bilbo seems to have convinced himself of the new version. The Ring made him need to justify his possession of it so much that the truth was never good enough. Not unlike Gollum.
* The Olivia Goldsmith novel ''The Bestseller'' has Daniel and Judith writing a crime novel (Judith actually doing most of the work as she's a far better writer) but, to sell it properly, Daniel takes on the identity of "Jude Daniel," the sole author. The plan is to wait until the book is published to reveal the truth but Daniel is soon seduced, first by his editor, then by the New York publishing lifestyle, loving the acclaim of a supposed bestseller, the big advance paydays and parties. This takes its toll on his marriage to a pregnant Judith and during a huge fight, Judith realizes Daniel honestly has convinced himself that he alone wrote the book, she contributed barely anything and he'll fight her in court. It's all moot as the book turns into a massive bomb, Daniel gets the blame and his standing in New York plummets as he's already blown through most of the advance money and quit his job. The novel ends with Judith ready to publish a sure hit while Daniel is left drifting in a bad teaching job.
* A minor character, [[spoiler:Mrs. Luxmore,]] in the Creator/AgathaChristie novel ''[[Literature/HerculePoirot Cards on the Table]]''. This led to [[spoiler: Major Despard]] being part of Mr Shaitana's collection of uncaught murderers, because she'd convinced herself he'd killed for her. To elaborate: [[spoiler: Mr. Luxmore was a botanist who hired Major Despard as a guide to a jungle tour. During the trip, Mrs. Luxmore made advances on Despard, who did not reciprocate. Mr. Luxmore suffered from a bout of fever and fell into delirium one night. Major Despard followed with his rifle, intending to merely take down the raving Luxmore without hurting him. Mrs. Luxmore surprised him and believed he was about to kill the botanist for her, so she tackled Despard, changing his nonlethal shot into a killing one.]]
* Must be the case with Nozdryov in ''Literature/DeadSouls'', who tells a lot of bullshit, even in court. You'll have to read it to see how much he [=BSs=].
* Because of their tendency to lose their old memories to TheFogOfAges, the Marra of ''Literature/TheMadnessSeason'' who live for too long under a particular cover story eventually wind up believing it, to the point that they actually think that they are mortal and can die.
* In James P. Hogan's ''Giant's Star'', the leaders of a race of TransplantedHumans has been concocting false reports of a dangerously warlike Earth, in order to get permission (from the alien civilization that transplanted them) to neutralize the threat. The protagonists counter this by hacking into the schemers' central computer and making it think that Earth actually ''was'' militarized and ready to kick their asses. This left the enemy leaders in a state of befuddlement that [[ParanoiaGambit escalated into panic]] as the reprogrammed computer [[{{Gaslighting}} insisted that it had been reporting about the danger for years]] and didn't understand why no adequate defenses had been prepared.
* Discussed in ''Literature/{{Liar}}'':
-->Yet that's not the worst danger of being a liar. Oh no. Much worse than discovery, than their sense of betrayal, is when you start to believe your own lies.
-->When it all blurs together.
-->You lose track of what's real and what's not. You start to feel as if you make the world with your words. Your lies get stranger and weirder and denser, get bigger than words, turn into worlds, become real.
-->You feel powerful, invincible.
* ''Literature/TheStormlightArchive'':
** A rare positive example in the Lightweavers. For these people, BelievingTheirOwnLies really ''can'' make those lies truth.
** ''Literature/{{Edgedancer}}'': Nalan, Herald of Justice, has managed to convince himself that the next [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt Desolation]] is not coming, despite mounting evidence to the contrary, including things he sees with his own eyes. [[spoiler:Subverted as it turns out he has mounting doubts and is desperate to convince himself that the Desolation isn't real. Unfortunately for him, the lies don't take as well as he would wish them to.]]
* This is a key plot-point in ''Literature/TheDaggerAndTheCoin'': the priests of the spider goddess have the magic power to make anyone who hears their voices believe whatever they say. This includes themselves. As a result, they become completely certain that they are invincible and can conquer the whole world. At the same time, once they are divided in multiple temples in multiple cities, each group starts to become completely certain of its own particular version of the faith, and just as certain that the other temples are all heretics. As such, their empire begins to come apart.
* ''Literature/EverythingEverything'': It turns out that [[spoiler:Madeline isn't actually sick; her mother simply decided she was and had to be kept in her house at all times, despite having three other doctors tell her that it wasn't true. Once the truth comes out, Madeline's mother keeps right on insisting Madeline is ill, and it's apparent that on some level, she believes it, despite the ever-growing evidence to the contrary. It's implied that this is a result of both fearing losing Madeline, and not wanting to face the fact that she essentially stole eighteen years of her daughter's life for nothing.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'':
** Joffrey seems to truly think of himself as a magnificent and heroic king, constantly boasting of crushing his enemies even though his faction's success is entirely founded on the competence of his uncle and grandfather, and ''in spite'' of Joffrey's interference.
** Making honest feelings do dishonest work is one of Cersei's many gifts. Oberyn and Tyrion even discuss this after Cersei brings up her daughter in a blatant attempt to gain sympathy.
* ''Series/StargateSG1'':
** The Goa'uld are such {{Large Ham}}s that it's impossible to believe they ''don't'' actually think they're gods. Ba'al and Anubis stand out, and have the advantage, by being smart enough to remember they're not ''really'' gods. And even Anubis sometimes falls victim to this trope...and given that his [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence half-ascended]] nature makes him more "god-like" than the rest, that shouldn't come as a surprise. Ba'al, however, doesn't even keep up the pretense of pretending to be a god when he's among characters who know the truth.
** An early episode, "The First Commandment," featured the commander of an [=SGC=] team who fell into this trap himself and had to be put down by SG-1. In this case, though, the man had also likely gone insane from over-exposure to the planet's incredibly harsh UV radiation.
** The Ori, being [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence fully ascended beings]] who [[GodsNeedPrayerBadly can enhance their already-immense power through prayer]], likewise believe themselves to be gods. The problem is, they pretty much ''are'' (what with the immortality, non-corporeality, and nigh-omniscience and omnipotence), raising the issue of exactly what defines a "god" if the Ori don't qualify. The good guys don't ever really come up with a fully satisfactory answer, but they do sway a few of the Ori's followers by demonstrating that while the Ori have the ''power'' of gods, they certainly don't behave like the loving and benevolent overlords they claim to be.
* This is a possible interpretation of Sue Sylvester from ''Series/{{Glee}}'', seeing as how she keeps up the crazy claims even in her own diary.
* ''Series/MidsomerMurders'' has two guys running a spiritual center for years, only for one of them (the guru) to start believing in all his NewAge-inspired nonsense, to the chagrin of his partner who wants to lead a different life.
* One of the villains (a cult leader) from an episode of ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' started to believe his own hype and go a bit AGodAmI. This caused his followers to turn on him.
* When ''Series/KamenRiderDouble's'' Detective Jinno was a beat cop, he had the effect of ''inducing'' this in others by being so gullible that the delinquents lying to him to get out of trouble would end up BelievingTheirOwnLies. It's a CrowningMomentOfFunny when, after repeatedly distracting Jinno with claims of a UFO, a young [[TheHero Shoutarou]] eventually ended up searching for [=UFOs=] with him. [[spoiler: And a CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming when a girl in a group of teenage vigilantes lying about having given up fighting, but having to do so to save her friends. Jinno believed her so wholeheartedly that she genuinely did give up fighting after that.]]
* On ''Series/{{Seinfeld}}'' George gives Jerry some advice on being a ConsummateLiar and beating a lie-detector test with this little gem: "It's not a lie if you believe it."
* Vince Gilligan says that the writers of ''Series/BreakingBad'' consider this to be Walter White's greatest talent.
--> "We always say in the writers’ room, if Walter White has a true superpower, it’s not his knowledge of chemistry or his intellect, it’s his ability to lie to himself. He is the world’s greatest liar. He could lie to the pope. He could lie to Mother Teresa. He certainly could lie to his family, and he can lie to himself, and he can make these lies stick. He can make himself believe, in the face of all contrary evidence, that he is still a good man."
* The ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' episode "A Matter of Perspective" is told in RashomonStyle. Riker is accused of murdering a scientist and attempting to assault his wife, and a holodeck simulation is rigged up for each of the witnesses. These scenes all drastically contradict each other but Deanna, the Enterprise Counsellor (and conveniently, also an Empath), says that each person ''believes'' their story to be true so far as they remember it.
* The ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' episode "Valiant" had Jake Sisko and Nog meet up with the crew of the ''Defiant''-class U.S.S. ''Valiant''... or rather, the Starfleet Academy ace group Red Squad taking over for the crew of the ''Defiant''-class U.S.S. ''Valiant''. The captain, Tim Watters, believes that it is their destiny to make their mark on the Dominion War and seek to do so by attacking a prototype Jem'Hadar ship and the crew follow along, believing him. This is despite the fact that they're just a group of recently-graduated students that had their cruise run interrupted by the start of the Dominion War and some of them would rather just go home.
* One episode of ''Series/{{Numb3rs}}'' had a mob killer who wanted to make a confession, but while he passed the polygraph and even an MRI scan, the confession didn't match the facts. It turned out he'd been so horrified by the crime ([[spoiler:which he hadn't even been able to commit]]) that he'd combined it in his head with a much cleaner kill from a different occasion, and genuinely believed that was what happened.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Cyric, the God of Lies from ''TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms'', guided a mortal author to write a book called the Cyrinishad which would [[BrownNote make anyone who read it or hears it read aloud]] believe that Cyric was the greatest of all gods. He then read it himself, and fell victim to its enchantments, bringing his megalomania to new heights. For a time, he saw his enemies as too "insignificant" to care and even got Madness [[OddJobGods in his portfolio]]. Later it was discovered that the only way to get rid of this for a ''deity'' involves a drop in DivineRanks.
* The Balseraph demons from ''TabletopGame/InNomine'' essentially have this as the core aspect of their character. As fallen Angels of Truth, they become Demons of Deception, capable of weaving lies that others end up believing without question. But to do this, a Balseraph must first convince ''himself'' of the lie, warping his own personal truth to reflect the lie. For example, a Balseraph trying to convince a bar bouncer that he's a VIP must first convince himself that, "Yes, I'm a VIP, and I've been at this club dozens of times. Why isn't that bouncer letting me in already?"
* Desus in ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}'' honestly believes his own VillainWithGoodPublicity reputation, because he's affected by the same mind-manipulating magic that forces everyone else to rationalize his horrible actions away.
* In ''{{TabletopGame/Rifts}}'', [[TheEmpire the Coalition States]] High Command likes to blame all the ills in the world on [[FantasticRacism magic and non-humans]]. In the beginning it was just a convenient {{Scapegoat}} Emperor Prosek and his advisers used in order to grab more power. However, they've been telling their people the Big Lie for so long that they now believe it themselves.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AsurasWrath'': The game's plot is kicked off with the other members of the Eight Guardian Generals assassinating Emperor Strada and [[{{Frameup}} framing]] Asura for it. Throughout the rest of the game, the Guardian Generals, now the Seven Deities, repeatedly call Asura a traitor without irony, indicating that they themselves have come to believe that Asura really did assassinate the Emperor over the millennia.
* In the on-line game, ''VideoGame/WarOfLegends'', most of the Paladins honestly believe they are gods and that the game couldn't have been even thought of without them. Adding to the fact, they believe they won battles they clearly lost and make up excuses to avoid having to claim defeat while not letting others use the exact same excuses.
* [[PlayerCharacter Captain Martin Walker]] in ''Videogame/SpecOpsTheLine'' believes his own lies [[spoiler: regarding his bombing of a civilian camp with [[KillItWithFire white]] [[BodyHorror phosphorus]]]], because [[NeverMyFault he cannot accept]] [[IgnoredEpiphany what he has done]].
* Celestia Ludenberg in ''VisualNovel/DanganRonpa'', also known as 'Queen of Liars' and 'Super High-School Gambler', is capable of lying in a way that she could even believe own lies. Or so she claims. However, based on her free time events, we could probably guess that [[spoiler:she probably also LIED on her identity and history, which are based on highly daring and impossible events you can only find in fictions, and her real name was a much more common 'Taeko Yasuhiro'. She got so over in her lies that she believed that she really is born as 'Celestia Ludenberg'.]]
* [[TheFundamentalist Zachary Comstock]] in ''VideoGame/BioshockInfinite'' first used Rosalind Lutece's invention to look into alternate realities and predict the future so as to set himself up as God's prophet. Somewhere along the way, he began to buy into his own act. Besides the quote below, though, it's telling that even after it's revealed that his prophetic abilities are mostly derived from the Luteces' machine, he still refers to his visions as having come from an "Archangel".
--> '''Rosalind Lutece:''' When I met Comstock, he was little more than a preacher, able to move both members of the flock or members of Congress with equal dexterity. He believed in my work, and his influence bought the funds I so needed. And if he wanted to use Tears to play prophet, that was his prerogative. But at some point, the man became incapable of distinguishing his performance from his person.
** Taken UpToEleven in the "Burial at Sea" {{DLC}} set in Rapture, where that dimension's Booker is revealed to be [[spoiler: an alternate version of Zachary Comstock who fled to the underwater city and assumed the private detective's identity to escape the guilt he felt over causing the death of an alternate version of Elizabeth. The deception was so thorough that Comstock truly believed he WAS that world's Booker. As Rosalind Lutece puts it, Comstock was never one to own up to his own errors.]]
* ''VideoGame/InjusticeGodsAmongUs:'' After the Joker [[spoiler: [[NukeEm nukes Metropolis]] and uses the Scarecrow's fear gas to trick Regime Superman into killing Lois Lane]], Regime Superman kills him with his bare hands and subsequently convinces himself that it was "[[HeWhoFightsMonsters one death to save millions of lives]]." Of course, anyone who saw it can tell right away that he was motivated by vengeance, ''not'' justice.
** Then there is later in the game where is planning to destroy several cities because they are starting to rebel against his Totalitarianism Rule. He believes they reject his safety and are ungrateful so they don't deserve to live.
* ''Franchise/MetalGear'':
** Referenced in the credits song for ''VideoGame/MetalGearRisingRevengeance''. There's a part of the lyrics which states "Even men with the greatest intentions can end up believing their own lies." This illustrates a common theme in the context of the story where multiple characters are [[WellIntentionedExtremist well intentioned extremists]] who want to change the world through very drastic measures, including even the main protagonist Raiden who uses extreme violence to punish organizations, harshly and permanently, that he views to be evil. The dissonance comes from Raiden viewing himself to be an enforcer of justice, while using arguably evil methods to reach those goals; how can a man claiming to uphold justice feel like a good person knee deep in bodies?
** ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidVThePhantomPain'': Huey seems to have deluded himself into believing that [[spoiler: he really didn't know that the "nuclear inspection" he arranged for [=MSF=] during ''Ground Zeroes'' was actually a Trojan Horse operation run by XOF]]. Taken to ludicrous extremes when [[spoiler: he continues to adamantly insist that Strangelove was DrivenToSuicide even in the face of solid evidence that he locked her up in the Peace Walker A.I. pod to suffocate]]. Ocelot even lampshades this on a cassette tape, remarking that the hardest man to break is "the kind that's fooling himself."
* Sydney in ''Videogame/VagrantStory'' accuses [[PlayerCharacter Ashley Riot]] of this, claiming that Ashley murdered an innocent woman and her child in the course of his duties as a soldier, and was so ashamed of what he'd done that he re-imagined the incident as a family picnic with the woman as his wife, the child his son, and the murder being carried out by some random thugs. [[UnReveal it's left ambiguous as to which of the two versions is correct]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'':
** This was one of the critical flaws of Miko Miyazaki. She was fundamentally incapable of seeing herself in the wrong, and would frequently convince herself of whatever she had to in order to keep it that way even after [[spoiler: the gods themselves strip her of all her LawfulGood based powers]].
** Additionally, Ian Starshine (Haley's father) raised his little girl in a WretchedHive and taught her to lie at ''every opportunity'' whenever asked about herself. He's so paranoid he's incapable of taking people at their word and will invent elaborate scenarios which justify his ridiculous position and seems to totally believe them.
* In ''Webcomic/{{Katamari}}'', Ace is completely convinced that the Prince is a prideful, selfish AttentionWhore who'll do whatever it takes to come out on top. In other words, he thinks the Prince is [[{{Jerkass}} just like him]].
* In one of the ''Webcomic/LasLindas'' side-stories, a young tribal girl tries to set up an outsider as a god so that she can leave her island. And then the [[BrickJoke gophers]] that Minos threw with his super-strength start falling from the sky. She ends up getting a job at Las Lindas a few months later to follow Idward.
* In the furry comic, ''[[http://www.theduckwebcomics.com/Tinas_Story/ Tina's Story]]'', Tina's stepfather, Stan, confesses to her that [[spoiler: He is her biological father]]. The story Tina had been told her whole life - [[spoiler:that her mother had been raped by a human]] - was a lie they told to cover the fact that [[spoiler:Missy, Tina's mother, was underage when she became pregnant]]. Missy eventually started accepting that lie as truth and developed a deep hatred of humans as a result. Stan confesses this because Tina is [[spoiler:engaged to and pregnant by a human male]], and Stan didn't want that lie hanging over [[spoiler:Tina's marriage or her children's lives]].
* Immortals in ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'' are bound by their word. If they make a vow and knowingly break it, they're plagued by constant mental reminders of their oathbreaking until it's rectified. LoopholeAbuse is one way around this, but only if the Immortal himself sincerely believes the loophole is not breaking their word. When an Immortal declares that the best thing he can do in the name of his vow to one of the protagonists is absolutely nothing, he waits to see if there's any effect before being glad he believes his own hype.
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[[folder:Western Animation]]
* [[ComedicSociopath Master Shake]] of ''WesternAnimation/AquaTeenHungerForce'' seems to be pretty good at this. In the third episode of the first season, ''Bus of the Undead'', he completely makes up a story about how the school bus parked outside the Aqua Teen's house is "a [[OurVampiresAreDifferent reverse vampire]]" and "possessed by the ghost of {{Dracula}}," because he was watching ''Assisted Living Dracula'' at the time. Despite the fact that this is entirely his own invention, he proceeds to operate throughout the rest of the episode as if everything he made up was real, to the point where he runs screaming back into the house after a failed attempt to "drive this stake deep into the heart of the crankcase of the vampire bus."
* An episode of ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' involves Jimmy coming up with a gay fish joke. Cartman was lying on the couch the entire time and at first, he claims both he and Jimmy made it up together. Eventually he starts claiming he was the only one who wrote the joke while Jimmy was the one on the couch, and each time the story is told, he adds an increasingly outlandish event to it. It turns out he really does believe his own lies.
** This happens again in "Jewpacabra", where Cartman spreads vicious rumors about a Hebrew-based monster attacking at Easter. Somewhere along the way, Cartman starts to believe his own story, hiding in fear of being attacked.
* Angelica of ''WesternAnimation/{{Rugrats}}'' usually torments the younger babies by lying to them about some mundane thing to make it seem terrifying. Correspondingly, her [[LaserGuidedKarma comeuppance]] often involves circumstances making her think she was right:
** After tricking Chuckie into thinking a disease she made up is turning him into a rhinoceros, a horn-shaped bump on her head, along with gray-colored scabs on her legs, leads her to think that ''she'' has contracted "rhinoceritis".
** After all the babies come down with chicken pox, Angelica convinces them that they'll all turn into actual chickens. By the end of the episode, she herself has contracted the pox, and when an egg falls into her car seat, she freaks out and believes that she's turning into a chicken herself.
** She tried to convince the babies that the sky is falling, and ends up believing it herself after a stray tennis ball falls on her head.
** Stu and Didi give Tommy's old toys to Dil, and Angelica tells Tommy that once his parents give all of his old stuff to Dil, he'll disappear. In the end, Susie explains that a person doesn't disappear from giving away hand-me-downs. Angelica expresses her thankfulness on being an only child, and thus gets to keep all of her stuff, but then her dad comes by and tells her that he and Charlotte have decided to give all of her old stuff to Tommy. This causes Angelica to scream in fear that ''she'll'' disappear once her parents give all of her old stuff to Tommy.
** After an incident where Tommy accidentally loses one of his toys down the drain, Angelica scares Tommy and Chuckie by saying they could suffer the same fate. Throughout the episode they try to find ways to get out of it, which includes flushing anything bath time related down the toilet. Ironically, she accidentally flushes her own doll, Cynthia, down the toilet. The plumber recovers it, but the doll is ruined.
-->'''Angelica''' (''sobbing''): It's true! It's true! You can get sucked down the drain!
* ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'': The episode "I'm With Stupid" has [=SpongeBob=] and Patrick come up with a plan to make Patrick's parents believe that [=SpongeBob=] is a complete idiot so that Patrick will look smarter by comparison. Unfortunately, Patrick takes it too seriously and soon ends up believing that he truly is a genius and [=SpongeBob=] really is dumb.
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls'' episode "Cootie Gras" had Mojo learning that the girls fear [[GirlsHaveCooties cooties]] and using their [[ThePigPen slovenly classmate]] Harry Pitts to scare them off so he can take over Townsville. The only problem is he starts to genuinely believe the cooties are real, and uses the kid in a trap to defeat the girls. All it does it get them to realize the truth. The girls leave Harry CoveredInKisses and fly off to defeat Mojo.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/SonicBoom'', Knuckles starts bragging that [[SelfServingMemory he defeated Eggman by himself, won over the girls, and was elected governor while Sonic cowardly ran away]]. When everyone points out that's not how it happened, he brushes them off and starts thinking up his acceptance speech as governor.
* In Season Five of ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', we have the character Starlight Glimmer, who preached in the idea that one didn't need their Cutie Mark to be happy. When she was exposed as a {{hypocrite}}, she still maintained her beliefs. The FreudianExcuse revealed at the end of Season Five would show why she had more than proper reasoning to believe this.
* ''WesternAnimation/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles2012'': Shredder's NeverMyFault personality is due to the fact that he truly believes he has done nothing wrong and everything that happened to him (and Karai) is Splinter's fault and not his own. Karai calls him out on this in "The Super Shredder".
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