->''"And you will stand there, wondering how we did it..."''
->'''Linkara:''' Ooh! I know how! (points up toward the ceiling)
->'''Text:''' ''Inhumanly Awful Writing''
-->-- '''Linkara''', ''WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall'', "ComicBook/AmazonsAttack Issues 5 and 6"

This is an index of tropes that are often indicative of plain bad writing.

When done unintentionally, these tropes are usually bad signs. When done intentionally, they're often signs of [[ParodyTropes parody]], comedy, or just the writer being ironic or [[TrueArtIsIncomprehensible stylized]]. Hopefully.

Please note that TropesAreTools, and many highly acclaimed works have used these tropes successfully.

See also:
* DiscreditedTrope - A trope which is considered a {{Cliche}}.
* PetPeeveTrope - A trope that is disliked by certain audiences.
* SturgeonsTropes - When the trope is used, there's about 90% chance that it will lower the reception of the work.
* UnexpectedReactionsToThisIndex - A trope causes a reaction... but not the one you want.
* ThePlotDemandedThisIndex - Something happens to push the story because logic can't.
* InDexMachina - No explanation, no foreshadowing, no problem, apparently.
* EightDeadlyWords - "I don't care what happens to these people."
* ScrappyIndex - Tropes in a particular work that have a {{Hatedom}} such as TheScrappy, MarySue, DarthWiki/WallBanger, and CharacterDerailment.

Contrast:
* NecessaryWeasel - An unrealistic trope which the audience expects to be there.
* StylisticSuck - Making a work/art style etc. bad on purpose.
* WhoWritesThisCrap - When a show's writing is criticized {{in-universe}}.
* TheyJustDidntCare - When the audience feels that the creators weren't even making an effort.
* IntendedAudienceReaction - An attempt to intentionally evoke a reaction from the audience.

Not to be mistaken for WritersSuck, which has more to do with {{Butt Monkey}}s than bad writing.
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[[index]]

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Crazy Characterization]]
* AesopAmnesia: The more times a character is taught a lesson without learning it, the lower the viewer's opinion of him/her and you.
* AngstWhatAngst: Make your characters react realistically to setbacks or tragic events. Too little {{angst}} makes them unrealistic and [[TheSociopath callous]]. See {{Wangst}} for the result of too much angst.
* CharacterDerailment: Characters can grow, but don't suddenly mutate them into something else.
* CharacterShilling: Having characters suddenly talk up another character for no real reason doesn't make a whole lot of sense.
* {{Chickification}}: Stripping the action from an ActionGirl does not work, and pisses off all the feminists in the audience.
* ConflictBall: Don't have a character cause conflict just because the plot says so.
* CreatorsPet: Treating a certain character with tons of love [[TheScrappy when they really don't deserve it]] is never a good idea.
* DarknessInducedAudienceApathy: Making almost every character a despicable scumbag and giving absolutely no hope for the rest will only tire out the audience until they lose interest in the story.
* DerailingLoveInterests: Breaking up a promising relationship just to get the official couple together is not going to sit well with the viewers who care more about the characters than the concept.
* DesignatedHero: Having your hero KickTheDog and still expecting your audience to accept him as an IdealHero because you say he is doesn't usually work, and makes your protagonist unlikable. If you want a [[DarkerAndEdgier darker]] hero, an AntiHero or VillainProtagonist will usually work better than trying to ignore the hero's flaws.
* DesignatedLoveInterest: If you say that two characters are in love, don't make them hate or be apathetic to each other.
* DesignatedVillain: Treating the villain as a monster even if nothing in the story indicates anything more than pettiness.
* DieForOurShip: Attacking a rival of your [[OneTruePairing pairing of choice]] doesn't necessarily make that character a bad person.
* DistressBall: Don't have a character get kidnapped for no good reason.
* DracoInLeatherPants: Have a good reason for making a canon Villain suddenly be nice other than "He or she is hot!"
* DullSurprise: Have your characters emote during events that would make a real person do so.
* EightDeadlyWords: To put it simply, make the audience cares what happens to the characters in the series.
* FailureHero: While having the hero lose from time to time adds some realism to the hero and drama to the story, if they loses every single fight or mission, they will destroy any and all tension.
* FauxActionGirl: If you ''say'' that a girl is strong, then actually ''make'' her strong. If said ActionGirl is weaker than they should be, the audience will begin to hate her.
* HeroBall: Heroes are expected to make bad decisions every now and then, but when they directly aid the villains, it becomes this trope.
* IdiotBall: When the character is suddenly acting like an idiot.
* IgnoredEpiphany: If you build up or say a character is going to have a HeelFaceTurn, try actually having them go through with it.
* InformedWrongness: If a character is actually in the wrong, prove it.
* InvincibleHero: A hero who can't lose.
* InvincibleVillain: A villain who can't lose.
* JerkSue: Having a character be a complete {{Jerkass}} who gets away with it just because the author designates them as such and says you should support them does not make for a strong character, and is more likely going to turn out be a case of CreatorsPet, and often TheScrappy. Also, it tends to look like a half-assed effort when the author just throws in some secondary throw-away detail in an attempt to make you feel sorry for the character and expect you to not get upset when they behave like a jerk for no other reason than they feel like it at the time.
* MarySue: A flawless, invincible character who never loses at anything makes for a boring story. MarySueTropes and CommonMarySueTraits contain lots of information on different types of Sue.
* MostWritersAreMale / MostWritersAreAdults: Women are likely to be written from ignorance, stereotypes and/or in unsympathetic ways (either in the form of misogyny or [[{{Fanservice}} over-sexualization]]), and children will have {{un|cannyValley}}settlingly adult personalities projected onto them.
* MotiveDecay: If the villain has a motive, they should be expected to at least attempt to carry through with it (if not to its conclusion).
* NewPowersAsThePlotDemands: Don't give a character a new ability out of thin air depending on the situation.
* OutOfCharacter: Moments when the character does something that he wouldn't normally do without any justification.
* PositiveDiscrimination: Don't make the female or minority characters better than the others simply because they are minorities, and don't make the male characters incompetent simply because they are males.
* ProtagonistCenteredMorality: A character's moral standing should be based on their actions as a whole, ''not'' solely on their actions toward the main character. A sure sign of a MarySue or a DesignatedHero.
* SpecialSnowflakeSyndrome: Make sure your character actually fits into the universe you've put him/her into. If your character ''doesn't'' fit (for example, elf mages fighting crime in the BigApplesauce), make sure there's a solid reason why they're there.
* StupidSacrifice: Characters shouldn't give up their lives for nothing (if the character is not a MartyrWithoutACause).
* VillainBall: See HeroBall, only swap "heroes" and "villains".
* VillainSue: A flawless, invincible ''villain'' who never loses at anything makes for a boring story just as much as an ordinary MarySue.
* {{Wangst}}: Make your characters react realistically to setbacks or tragic events. Too much {{angst}} makes them unrealistic and annoying.
* {{Wimpification}}: Stripping the action, common sense, and characterization from a male character to add {{Wangst}} and gender stereotypes applied to females is a good way to piss off many of the audience, including but not limited to feminists and actual gay or bisexual men.

See also ContrivedStupidityTropes.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Mishandled Morals]]
All of the below only count if they aren't being PlayedForLaughs or {{spoof|Aesop}}ed:

* BrokenAesop: The lesson you teach should match what the story shows.
* CaptainObviousAesop: Don't try teaching your audience something that they already know.
* CluelessAesop: Don't try to put something in a place where it doesn't belong.
* LostAesop: If you're going to present some "truth", make sure you do it.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Poor Plotting]]
Bad Plotting can make for a bad story:
* AbortedArc: Plot points should go somewhere eventually.
* AssPull: Make sure that every new character/plot point that you invoke is foreshadowed first.
* AudienceAlienatingPremise: If the premise is too unappealing or disturbing, then this will probably turn people off.
* CliffhangerCopout: This is what happens when a {{Cliffhanger}}'s resolution comes in the form of tweaking the continuity between back-to-back installments (usually creating {{Plot Hole}}s), a refusal/failure to follow through with delivering a big [[TheReveal Reveal]] after setting an audience up for one, or outright [[AbortedArc aborting a story arc]].
* TheChrisCarterEffect: It's a good idea to actually finish things. Sooner or later, the audience will get bored with you screwing around and not getting to the point.
* CoitusEnsues: Don't write a sex scene if there's no reason for the involved characters to ''have'' sex.
* ContinuitySnarl: Plotlines can snag if you aren't careful.
* DeusAngstMachina: Too much misfortune makes too little WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief.
* DeusExMachina: Do not save your characters with an AssPull.
* DiabolusExMachina: A DownerEnding pulled out of thin air might be amusing for [[BlackComedy shock value]], but it doesn't make for great storytelling.
* EndingFatigue: The viewer should probably not be yelling "END ALREADY!"
* FridgeLogic: Though much more forgivable than a PlotHole, this can be bad if it doesn't have enough FridgeHorror or FridgeBrilliance to go along with it. If you have a complicated universe, don't gloss over the minor details.
* GratuitousRape: Rape is an incredibly grave subject matter. Don't shoehorn in a rape scene just for shock value.
* IdiotPlot: Unless it's part of their character, the plot should not be forced to move forward solely by people making stupid decisions.
* ItGetsBetter: Just as the viewer shouldn't demand the work to end already as with EndingFatigue, they shouldn't be forced to sit through hours of exposition or padding to get to the actual plot.
* JustEatGilligan: If there's an obvious solution to the problem(s) that drives the story, you would think the characters would go for it rather than ignoring it.
* KudzuPlot: It's fine to have a dozen different story threads at once, but you have to be able to tie them together. If they go off into infinity without ever being tied, who's going to care about any of them? The pieces of your JigsawPuzzlePlot have to ''fit''.
* OnlyTheAuthorCanSaveThemNow: Do not put your characters in a situation where only a DeusExMachina can save them.
* PlotHole: Don't think the audience won't see when you forget to cover something.
* RelationshipRevolvingDoor: See YoYoPlotPoint
* RomanticPlotTumor: Unless the plot is romance, don't let it take over.
* SeriesContinuityError: When you set something in stone, you can't chisel it out without leaving marks.
* ShockingSwerve: Don't have a TwistEnding just to have a TwistEnding.
* StoryBreakerPower: Make sure your powered characters are reasonably strong. An InvincibleHero is boring and it takes away any dramatic tension.
* StrangerBehindTheMask: If you're going to have a [[TheReveal Reveal]], make sure that the revealed character has been met before.
* TheStationsOfTheCanon: When important events in a DivergenceFic are treated more as checkmarks than plot points.
* TheyWastedAPerfectlyGoodPlot: If the premise is interesting, DO something interesting with it.
* TrappedByMountainLions: If someone's in a story, they should be part of the plot, too.
* UnfortunateImplications: Be careful which characters you put through hell and in what ways, because it might give viewers the wrong idea.
* VoodooShark: When patching over a PlotHole creates a different, possibly more troublesome, problem.
* DarthWiki/WallBanger: A plot point so nonsensical that it feels incredibly stupid.
* AWizardDidIt: "It's magic" is not an explanation. Even in fantasy, [[MagicAIsMagicA unless explained very well]], it will be seen as a fantasy AssPull.
* YoYoPlotPoint: It's okay if a few plot points repeat themselves throughout the series, but if it's the same story every other episode, your audience is bound to get bored.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Senseless Styles]]
In amateur writing (or stuff that just simply [[ProtectionFromEditors didn't get the proper proofreading]]), bad writing is sometimes inherent in the form and presentation of the work itself:
* AndThatsTerrible: Telling the reader how evil the villain is, instead of showing it (or even doing both). [[HypocriticalHumor That's a bad thing]].
* {{Anvilicious}}: Don't constantly shove CaptainObvious morals down one's throat thinking that ViewersAreMorons. Unless it's [[SomeAnvilsNeedToBeDropped an important or underrated moral]].
* AuthorFilibuster: The reader/viewer/player/etc is (theoretically) interested in the plot. Stopping it so that you can talk about something that's important to you will only make them less interested in what you're writing.
* BlindIdiotTranslation: This are conversion bad tofu.
* CharacterFilibuster: Putting those words in someone else's mouth doesn't help.
* ClicheStorm: Be original. Don't steal overused ideas from other works.
* ConceptsAreCheap: Using concepts and buzz words to pad out a thin script.
* CriticalResearchFailure: Before you claim something as fact, always...well...[[CaptainObvious do research first]]. Unless it is [[ArtisticLicense intentional]] or InUniverse.
* DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment: Repeating statements is irritating. Repeating statements is asinine. Repeating statements is annoying.
* DudeNotFunny: Never joke about serious issues unless it's done in a [[CrossesTheLineTwice funny way]].
* EmphasizeEverything: If '''everything''' is '''emphasized''', then '''nothing''' is, and you've done '''nothing''' of '''value''' except '''annoy your audience'''.
* FeaturelessPlaneOfDisembodiedDialogue: Conversation doesn't happen in a vacuum.
* GratuitousEnglish: Randomly popping in meaningless English words that you ''don't know the meaning of'' is a bad idea. If you want to write in English, ''know the meaning of your English'' and make sure it's grammatically correct.
* GratuitousJapanese: It's generally ''not'' a good idea to use random bits of Japanese unless you're a fluent speaker, lest you come across as pandering to OccidentalOtaku. Either write in ''idiomatic'' Japanese and learn how to properly pronounce it if you need to, or just write in your native language.
* [[UsefulNotes/{{Tenses}} How Do I Used Tense]]: Unintentional shifts in tense are highly distracted and confusing.
* InformedAttribute: Saying something is so is not the same as making it so.
* LikeIsLikeAComma: Like, constantly using the word "like" in, like, every other sentence gets incredibly, like, annoying to read through.
* MeaninglessMeaningfulWords: "Brevity is the soul of wit."
* NoPunctuationPeriod: Run-on sentences make a story much harder to read.
* RougeAnglesOfSatin: Misspelling words, possibly resulting in a valid but wrong word being used.
* SaidBookism: A form of PurpleProse. Using fancy substitutes for the word "said" in the fear that the dialogue doesn't speak for itself.
* ShallowParody: Do not spoof what you're spoofing unless you know well about what you're spoofing.
* ShowDontTell: Telling the reader that something is X, rather than showing it's X is a sign of laziness on the author's part.
* StrawmanHasAPoint: If you can't even attack strawmen without being defeated, you may need a new profession.
* StrictlyFormula: Although this can [[TropesAreNotBad occasionally be a good thing]], it's not recommended to have the audience easily predict what is going to happen in the next episode, and the next episode after that.
* ThatMakesMeFeelAngry: Telling the reader what a character is feeling, instead of showing it.
* TranslationTrainWreck: Bed telephones not particle via misunderstand through reverses all reeling meats inside dolphin not fluffy. [[note]] Bad translations that are impossible to understand and removes any real meaning from the dialogue are not favorable.[[/note]]
* UnintentionallySympathetic: Failure to create antipathy to a character in the audience.
* UnintentionallyUnsympathetic: Failure to create sympathy to a character in the audience.
* WallOfText: The formatting (or lack thereof) combined with a lot of redundant words makes the text seem impenetrable, and will make the reader lose the track after a few lines.
* TheWarOnStraw: Not a direct cause of bad writing, but a frequent component of it nevertheless.
* WantonCrueltyToTheCommonComma: Other bad grammar and usage.
* WereStillRelevantDammit: Blatant attempts at keeping LongRunners current often are starts of a DorkAge.
* WriterOnBoard: This is a story, not a treatise.
* YouKeepUsingThatWord: As Creator/MarkTwain said: "Use the right word, not its second cousin."
* YouNoTakeCandle: If you no speakee English, write in native tongue.

See also StylisticSuck
[[/folder]]

[[folder:TV Tropes Style]]
ThisWiki is not exempt from this. Please consult the Administrivia/PermanentRedLinkClub for further details.

* BoldInflation: Don't bold tropes' names. Tropes need no emphasis, if something's very important, then it should be specified in the description instead.
* Administrivia/ConversationInTheMainPage: Remember, TVTropes is a wiki, not a [[ThreadMode forum or chatroom]]. Conversations just clog up the articles and make them too long/tedious to read.
* Administrivia/ExamplesAreNotArguable: If you're not sure if what you're writing is an example or not, take it to the discussion page instead of coating your example with WeaselWords.
* Administrivia/ExamplesAreNotRecent: When writing an example, avoid using the word "recent." What's considered recent ''now'' won't be in a couple of years. It just makes more trouble for other {{troper}}s to edit out the word "recent" once it isn't recent anymore. Act as if every work that was ever published came out several years ago.
* JustifyingEdit: [[TropesAreTools Tropes Are Not Bad]]. Avoid responding to examples with a "to be fair" addendum. If a trope is actually {{justified|trope}}, the justification should be [[Administrivia/RepairDontRespond added into the example itself]].
* NotASubversion: [[YouKeepUsingThatWord Misuse]] of the word "{{subverted|Trope}}." A common sign of this is use of phrases such as "partially subverted" or "somewhat subverted."
* Administrivia/PermanentRedLinkClub: The worst articles in this wiki go here.
* RedLink: Make sure your PotHole to another page of this wiki links to an ''actual page with content''. See DarthWiki/ThatTroper for more details.
* Administrivia/SelfFulfillingSpoiler: Be sure your spoiler tag ''hides'' what you are trying to spoil. If a reader can easily guess what is behind the spoiler tag, it becomes useless.
* Administrivia/SinkHole: When making a PotHole, make sure that the article being linked bears relevance to the {{Pot Hole}}d text.
* SquarePegRoundTrope: Make sure that the example that you want to add fully fits the trope. If it's "not really an example", then it's not really an example, and it shouldn't be added.
* ThisTroper: Writing about oneself in a Main wiki article. The goal is to make Main articles sound like a single person is editing the article, [[WikiSchizophrenia not multiple people]]. Besides, personal comments just clog up the articles.
* ThreadMode: Don't clog up a trope entry just because you don't understand why it's there.
* Administrivia/TypeLabelsAreNotExamples: Any relevant context needed to explain the example should be given in the example itself. Don't simply label it "type X" and force the reader to open a separate page just so they can understand what it means.
* Administrivia/WeblinksAreNotExamples: If one has a trope example, one should write it down, in adequate detail, where it is relevant, not rely on a URL link to some other page to explain what it is.
* WordCruft: When writing an example, just stick to writing the example and try to avoid saying useless things that don't need to be said.
* Administrivia/ZeroContextExample: If you're going to leave an example, please explain what it is. [[FanMyopia Not everyone will understand what you've written about]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Bad Game Design]]
* DisappointingLastLevel: Be sure players still have interest in finishing your game by the time they reach the final level.
* GameBreakingBug: Don't let a glitch cripple the playability of your game.
* UnwinnableByMistake: Thoroughly test your game before releasing it to ensure that it is reasonably difficult but not impossible to beat.
* ObviousBeta: Clean your game up and make it look presentable before releasing it.

See also ErrorIndex
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Bad Music/Lyrics]]
* GratuitousRape: Deserves a second special mention here. If you are going to address the topic of rape in your lyrics, address it in some meaningful way and be ready for the consequences.
* LastNoteHilarity: Unless you are a comedy/parody act, you don't want the audience to ''laugh'' at your music.
* MisogynySong and MisandrySong: The UnfortunateImplications of playing either straight are a very big and controversial issue, and unless you wish to be involved in a controversy, avoiding creating these songs is probably a very good idea.
* PainfulRhyme: ''Don't force rhymes.'' If something doesn't rhyme, you can make a non-rhyming song that can be just as good as a rhyming one, or try to find rhyming words that both describe what you want and rhyme.
* SomethingSomethingLeonardBernstein: Depending on your genre, this might actually be workable. But in anything requiring clear vocals, this is ''automatically bad,'' and even in more permissive genres overly relying on it is often a bad idea.
* VocalRangeExceeded: Don't write things your singer ''can't sing,'' and if you're the singer as well as the writer, be realistic about your range and capabilities.[[note]]A common mistake here is writing for the highest ranges such as pure soprano and alto. Especially among male singers, the capability to reach these ranges is vanishingly rare (male singers will usually fall somewhere between tenor and baritone on average), and even most female singers fall short of being capable of ''pure'' soprano or alto voice, and a singer who is incapable of such and tries anyway will likely sound falsetto and possibly damage their vocal cords. If in doubt, write for the lower ranges and modify higher.[[/note]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Unclassified]]
* CanonDefilement: People who are reading your FanFic probably enjoy the show for what it ''is''. Not for what you would like it to be. Seeing beloved characters mangled into whatever form you desire is probably going to cut down on your audience, unless you're Creator/NeilGaiman[[note]]And even he shows a great deal of respect for Canon while mangling it[[/note]].
* DanBrowned: If you haven't done the research, don't claim you have.
* {{Demonization}}: Some of your potential audience may actually see where this position is coming from, if not actually agree. You'll turn them off by your exaggerated portrayal. It also makes it seem like the position you hold isn't nearly as solid as you think, since it can only stand up to strawmen.
* {{Glurge}}: If you're trying to write a heartwarming story, make sure people don't find [[UnfortunateImplications questionable things]] underneath your message before you do.
%% HandWave is not a case of Bad Writing; it can be used to paper over a detail that would take too long to explain properly. For example, most of the audience doesn't really care how the FTL drive works, so explaining it takes up time that could be used for actual plot. %%
* IKEAErotica: Sex should only be as boring as it is to the participants.
* ISuckAtSummaries: If you can't be bothered to summarise your fic properly, then why should people be bothered to read it?
* {{Marysuetopia}}: MarySue in society form is still MarySue.
* MoralDissonance: Don't have the hero behave contrary to his usual morality and be completely oblivious to it. Also see AngstWhatAngst.
* {{Narm}} (when caused by the writing): Make your dramatic/climactic scenes convincing, not cheesy. Don't go over-the-top. Make it realistic. Think about how a person in RealLife would behave in the situation.
* NightmareRetardant (when caused by the writing): If something is supposed to be scary, either don't show it or actually make it scary.
* RelationshipWritingFumble: Viewers can latch onto romantic {{subtext}}, even in places where it's not supposed to be.
* StrangledByTheRedString: People going directly from being strangers to being genuinely in love is not very realistic or satisfying to watch. If you're going to make two characters fall in love with each other, try to take it slow.
* ViewersAreMorons: This is a lie. [[FanDumb Most of the time, anyway.]]
* WriterCopOut: Have the strength to follow through, or don't take the shot at all.
[[/folder]]

[[/index]]
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