Australian music is known for being wildly eclectic or rock or country-based. Oddly enough, a whole heck of a lot of our famous musicians (particularly those who became famous around the 1970s, when there was a huge explosion of Australian pub rock) were born in the UK and immigrated here. They almost invariably came here as children and got their start in music over here, though, so we can still legitimately claim them as our own (even if singers such as Jimmy Barnes and Colin Hay still sound semi-Scottish). However, nowadays Australian mainstream musicians are sliding more and more into {{pop}} territory, to compete with international artists.

Famous Australian musicians and groups include:

* Music/{{ACDC}}
* Music/{{Airbourne}}
* Air Supply
* Alarum
* The Amenta
* Music/VanessaAmorosi
* Amy Meredith
* Music/{{Angelspit}}
* Music/ArchitectureInHelsinki
* Tina Arena - now based in France
* Augie March
* Music/TheAvalanches
* Baby Animals
* The Beards
* Music/TheBeeGees (born in the UK, were based in Australia when they launched their musical career)
* The Berzerker
* Beyond Terror Beyond Grace
* Birds of Tokyo
* The Birthday Party (Music/NickCave's original band)
* Music/BlissNEso, a good example of Australian hip-hop.
* Bluejuice
* Bodyjar
* Music/HavanaBrown
* Music/TheCatEmpire
* Music/NickCave
* Kasey Chambers
* Music/TheChurch
* Music/GabriellaCilmi
* Closure in Moscow
* Music/ColdChisel, and its lead singer Jimmy Barnes, who went on to a solo career after they broke up.
* Matt Corby -- an acclaimed Australian folk singer-songwriter
* Music/CrowdedHouse (actually not solely Australian - Neil and Tim Finn are both New Zealanders).
* Israel Cruz
* Cut Copy
* Daddy Cool
* Dead Can Dance
* Music/KyleDennis, a notorious cult noise musician.
* Destroyer 666
* Devolved
* Music/{{Diafrix}}, another good example of Australian hip-hop. Australia's most successful hip-hop group with ethnic African emcees.
* Diesel
* Music/{{Divinyls}}
* Music/DougAnthonyAllStars
* Drapht
* The Easybeats
* Empire of the Sun
* Eskimo Joe
* John Farnham
* Frenzal Rhomb
* The Go Betweens
* Music/{{Giulietta}}
* Music/DeltaGoodrem
* Gospel of the Horns
* Music/{{Gotye}}
* Grinspoon
* MissyHiggins
* The Hilltop Hoods
* Hoodoo Gurus
* The Hot Lies
* Horrorshow, one of the best hip-hop groups to come out of Sydney.
* Hunters & Collectors
* {{Icehouse}}
* Natalie Imbruglia
* Music/{{INXS}}
* Music/SamanthaJade
* Music/EmilyJanes
* Jebediah
* Jet
* Justice Crew
* Killing Heidi
* Kisschasy
* Music/KnifeParty
* Music/SteveLee
* Music/ElenLevon
* The Lime Spiders
* Little River Band
* The Living End
* Magic Dirt
* Masters Apprentices
* Music/ReeceMastin
* Creator/JessicaMauboy
* Music/MenAtWork (After all, [[LandDownunder they come from a land downunder]])
* Mephistopheles
* Midnight Juggernauts
* Music/MidnightOil (the lead singer of which is now a politician)
* Music/KylieMinogue (along with her sister Dannii)
* Music/{{Newsboys}}
* Olivia Newton-John
* Shannon Noll
* Parkway Drive
* Music/{{Pendulum}}
* Music/{{Pogo}}
* Portal
* Powderfinger
* Music/ThePresets
* Psycroptic
* Radio Birdman (frontman Deniz Tek was born in America)
* {{Ricki-Lee}}
* Helen Reddy
* Regurgitator
* Music/RogueTraders
* The Saints
* Music/SavageGarden
* Music/ScarlettBelle
* Music/GuySebastian
* The Seekers
* ShortStack
* Music/{{Sia}}
* Music/{{Silverchair}}
* Skyhooks
* Slim Dusty
* Sneaky Sound System
* Spiderbait
* Rick Springfield
* [=StarGazer=]
* Music/TameImpala
* The Temper Trap
* Thy Art Is Murder
* Timomatic
* T.I.S.M. (stands for "This Is Serious Mum". Never seen without their masks, with every song being a bit of a piss-take)
* Music/ThirstyMerc
* Tripod
* Music/HollyValance
* Music/TheVeronicas
* Music/JackVidgen
* Music/StanWalker
* Creator/NikkiWebster
* The Whitlams
* Music/TheWiggles
* Music/GinWigmore (technically a Kiwi, but there's no index for New Zealand Music...)
* Music/{{Wolfmother}}, a more recent band that rapidly gained international acclaim.
* You Am I
* John Paul Young
* Yothu Yindi (Aboriginal Australian Rock Band)
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