->'''I'm Only Creative When I Smoke Smoker:''' Would you like to hear some of my poetry?\\
'''Thurgood Jenkins:''' Not really, no.\\
'''I'm Only Creative When I Smoke Smoker:''' You really should. "I have killed. I have helped kill. I have killed part of myself. I cannot change this. I... I must seek Buddha. I must seek Christ."\\
'''Thurgood Jenkins:''' You must seek therapy. But that's just where I would go with that.
-->-- ''Film/HalfBaked''

In fiction, an artist, be he a writer, musician or painter, may be addicted to a drug. One of the conflicts in the work is usually the artist's struggle to escape the addiction. This was probably TruthInTelevision before it entered television, so it's probably just a stereotype that has come about from real-life artists using drugs.

See also MadArtist, JunkieProphet and (if only because it finishes off the triangle) MadOracle. An artist on prescription drugs might [[InvertedTrope go the other way]] and decide NoMedicationForMe.

WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs is when [[AudienceReactions viewers]] ''assume'' this of a particularly bizarre work.



[[folder: Fiction ]]

* Charlie Pace from ''Series/{{Lost}}'' is addicted to heroin.
* Isaac Mendez in ''Series/{{Heroes}}'' is this and/or a JunkieProphet. He's perfectly capable of painting the future without heroin, but using the drug does sort of give him a boost to his power.
** Although when he discovered his powers, he was unaware he could paint the future without drugs. [[spoiler: It was only after Eden [=McCain=] and HRG took him away and weaned him off heroin that he found out he could use his powers without, erm, "assistance".]]
* Jude in ''Theater/AcrossTheUniverse'' smokes marijuana, but it doesn't seem to be a huge conflict.
** Possibly a nod to rumors that Music/TheBeatles were high when they wrote their songs, as Jude creates a masterpiece while high.
* The author in ''Film/StrangerThanFiction'' is addicted to cigarettes.
* Resident Intellectual Paul Kinsey on ''Series/MadMen'' claims to get most of his ideas from "Mary Jane." The one time we actually get to see this in action, Peggy is the only one who actually comes up with anything.
** That entire plotline is a very subtle SugarWiki/{{Funny Moment|s}} for the series, especially the bit where she walks into the room and says, "My name is Peggy Olson and I'm here to smoke some marijuana."
** Subverted to the point of DarkComedy in an episode where the people in the office are forced to work over the weekend on an important account and a doctor gives them 'vitamin shots' to give them the energy they will need. The shots turn out to be speed and the office quickly descends into madness. People get injured, Harry has sex with an underage girl, very little actual work gets done and the creative output of the entire weekend ends up being mostly gibberish.
* The movie ''Film/HalfBaked'' has the "I'm Only Creative When I Smoke Smoker", who believes she needs to smoke marijuana to be creative.
* In the backstory of ''Series/{{Elementary}}'', Sherlock was a recreational drug user who liked to use drugs to keep his mind focused when solving cases. However, one case [[ItsPersonal became very personal to him]] and he started using more and more drugs in an attempt to solve it. This ended up having the opposite effect and his deductive skills took a nosedive. He was taken off the case and subsequently became a junkie. When the series starts he has finally managed to get clean and maintaining his sobriety is a big part of the show.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' episode "The Lure Of The Orb" has a [[AddictiveMagic magic orb]] that's supposed to give heightened inspiration to whoever touches it, but in reality only gives a temporary boost of energy that leaves the user drained and addicted to its power. Poet was the first to use the orb in order to complete his spring pageant poem, from which he was able to write pages of verses, but after he was freed from the effects of the orb, Poet read what he wrote and was astonished with how the quality of his writing had suffered because of the orb. (Other users of the orb -- Painter, Harmony, Farmer, and Handy -- also realized that the quality of their work had suffered because of their addiction to the orb's magic.) He ends up scrapping the overly-long drug-created poem and writes a very short poem about how to deal with his problems, taking no more than an hour to create it before the pageant starts.
* ''VisualNovel/KatawaShoujo'' has the arm-less artist Rin Tezuka, who is seen smoking with her boyfriend (and PlayerCharacter) Hisao in an attempt to get enough inspiration for her art. It's seen as a bad thing from the start, however, since she's getting increasingly stressed and her mental state starts deteriorating soon...
* Parodied on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "Round Midnight". Blues singer Bleeding Gums Murphy's addiction is buying Faberge eggs.


[[folder: Truth In Television ]]

* Music/RayCharles was addicted to heroin.
* Creator/JackLondon was an alcoholic and eventually committed suicide.
* Take a rock star. [[SexDrugsAndRockAndRoll Any rock star.]]
* Music/TheBeatles were often high during or in the near vicinity of creative endeavors. They used stimulants while they were in Hamburg so they could stay awake during ridiculously long sets, and occasionally dabbled in other substances (including a couple of brushes with pot). After Music/BobDylan offered the four of them pot under the mistaken notion that they were regular users (due to a {{Mondegreen}} of all things...), they started smoking it incessantly. By all accounts they were constantly stoned while filming ''Film/{{Help}}!''. In the spring of 1965 John and George were introduced to acid by their dentist, who [[IntoxicationEnsues spiked their coffee with the stuff one night]], an incident memorialized in the song "Doctor Robert"; Ringo followed shortly thereafter. By their second trip to America, they were fairly regular trippers (there's a famous story about how Peter Fonda ruined their trip at a party they were throwing at their rental house in LA, which got turned into "She Said She Said" on ''Music/{{Revolver}}''). Paul also took it up, but not until around "Sgt. Pepper," and he gave it up ''right'' before telling the press he ''used'' to take it... John in particular loved LSD (he admitted to having written "I Am The Walrus" at least partially on two separate acid trips). At least two of Paul's songs ("Got To Get You Into My Life" and "Fixing a Hole") are most definitely about pot -- the former by [[WordOfGod Paul's admission,]] the latter because it's obvious; and odds are, any song from that era by Paul that looks like it's about pot is.
** Music/JohnLennon was addicted to heroin for a while; he wrote the song "Cold Turkey" about his withdrawal symptoms. It was released as a solo work because Music/PaulMcCartney didn't want to touch or get credit for it. (Pity, it's one of John's better works.)
* Having mentioned Music/BobDylan, we would be remiss not to mention that when he wrote "[[EverybodyMustGetStoned Rainy Day Woman #12 & 35]]," he was ''not'' talking about an ancient form of capital punishment.
** FlipFlopOfGod seems to indicate that it actually ''might'', as in a couple of interviews, Dylan recalls reading about Islamic stoning of women in a paper just before writing the song. On the other hand, he was stoned during the recording of the song (that giggle!), and of course Dylan is notorious for [[TrollingCreator not exactly being forthright about his creative process]], so who knows?
** Dylan has always been a bit cagey about his intoxicant use. As one writer put it, his main drug of choice has always been alcohol. He claimed in an interview that he briefly was addicted to heroin after arriving in New York, but he may have been making that up (in the same interview he claimed he also worked as a hustler in that period). We know he was an enthusiastic pot smoker during his folk years, and one reporter swears to God that Dylan once barged into Music/WillieNelson's tour bus with a gigantic blunt while the reporter was interviewing Nelson sometime in the 1990s or early 2000s. Reliable reports have him trying LSD a few times when it was still legal (around 1964), but comments he's made over the years indicate he wasn't all that impressed with it. He used amphetamines a lot in the 1965-66 period. Beyond that it's all conjecture.
* Creator/StephenKing was addicted to alcohol, cocaine, and prescription drugs. He claims to have no memory of having written ''Literature/{{Cujo}}''.
* Dave Brock of space-rock band Music/{{Hawkwind}} once claimed that he always mixed the band's albums while he was stoned. Given the results, it's entirely plausible.
** Hawkwind also spawned the Heavy Metal icons Music/{{Motorhead}}. Motorhead being a slang term for an amphetamine addict.
*** It's also worth mentioning Lemmy left Hawkwind to start Motorhead because he was arrested when customs mistook his speed for crystal meth.
*** In Lemmy's own words, he was kicked out for "using the wrong drugs".
* Most of the members of Music/{{Metallica}} have struggled with alcoholism at some point, to the point where the band was nicknamed "Alcoholica" by some fans. In particular, Dave Mustaine, whose alcoholism and violent behaviour when he was drunk were the big factors in his being fired from the band, and James, who had to undergo rehab for his issues with it.
--->'''Dave:''' When we would drink, they would [[SentimentalDrunk get really silly]] and I would get really violent. And violent people and silly people don't mix when they're inebriated.
** After being fired from Metallica, Mustaine would found Music/{{Megadeth}}, which had the same problem.
* Music/XJapan was for much of TheEighties and TheNineties (and still is to some degree) the Japanese equivalent of [[Music/{{Metallica}} Alcoholica.]] ''Everyone'' in the band except for vocalist Toshi (who CantHoldHisLiquor, which was and is for him a case of BlessedWithSuck), was TheAlcoholic or at the very least engaged in heavy alcohol abuse. As of TheNewTens according to both's own words in interviews and similar, [[Music/TomoakiIshizuka Pata]] is still an uncontrolled alcoholic who doesn't really care about not drinking and [[Music/YoshikiHayashi Yoshiki]] is an alcoholic using moderation management/harm reduction ordered by his doctor to some success but still occasionally going OffTheWagon, and Heath, Sugizo, and Toshi don't seem to have major, noticeable, documentable problems with alcohol or drugs, despite some rumors. That said, the band is one of ''the'' founding bands of VisualKei, Yoshiki is a virtuoso pianist and one of the world's top drummers even outside his genre, at least before he sustained his injuries, and Pata is a literal DrunkenMaster on guitar whose skills, though underrated, are some of the best in VisualKei.
** Both of the members of X Japan that died had major alcohol and drug problems:
*** [[Music/HidetoMatsumoto hide]] was TheAlcoholic but around 1991 with the death of a relative, his drinking became even more intense, to the point that even ''Taiji'' and ''Pata'' expressed concern for his drinking. Unfortunately, no one's concern or attempts to help seemed to be effective (and plenty of people just did nothing or encouraged him, because his drinking and drug use ''did'' feed his artistic output), and hide died from a drunken attempt at hanging himself in 1998. According to the coroner who examined his body, he had a level of alcohol that was approaching lethal alcohol poisoning in and of itself, along with methamphetamine.
*** [[Music/TaijiSawada Taiji]] was TheAlcoholic and on occasion TheStoner, and, as it became obvious, a stimulant addict to cocaine and the amphetamine-class stimulants. Both ''heavily'' influenced much of his solo work (especially the D.T.R. lyrics) and also ruined his life - spending money on alcohol and drugs and the side effects of both on his mental illnesses is what caused the CreatorBreakdown from 1993-1998, and likely his alcohol and/or drug use played a part in the airplane fight which put him in jail where he was killed.
* Music/BuckTick, another one of the founding bands of VisualKei, also fits this trope for at least one member. Co-founder Hisashi Imai was busted for LSD in the late eighties. ''Many'' of their songs are about intoxication or its effects... ''Speed,'' ''Heroin,'' ''Machine,'' ''Jonathan Jet-Coaster,'' ''Candy,'' ''My Fuckin Valentine''....
* Isaac Brock of Music/ModestMouse. To say nothing of the rest of the band, he definitely used various drugs. And then they all sobered up and made ''Good News For People Who Love Bad News'' and Music/WeWereDeadBeforeTheShipEvenSank. The former is generally considered excellent (and quite bizarre), while the latter is generally considered merely very good and less bizarre (although some blame it on the change in drummer). Their earlier work is much different from those two releases, the influence of drugs is very clear on ''The Moon & Antarctica''. Incidentally, ''Good News'' contained a song about...
* Creator/CharlesBukowski, who was a fairly steady drinker throughout his life and still rates as one of America's top poets of the 20th century.
* Creator/WilliamSBurroughs spent the first half of his life as a drug addict and the second half as a writer (and drug addict).
* The Korean painter Ohwon, whose life was the topic of ''Film/DrunkOnWomenAndPoetry'', was a notorious drunk. Much of his oeuvre was allegedly done while under the influence of alcohol.
* OlderThanPrint: The Tang Dynasty-era (8th century) Chinese poet Li Bai (perhaps better known as Li Po in the West) was famous for his alcoholism, to the point where many if not most of his poems are in some way about drinking and drunkenness. He supposedly died during a drinking session in a rowboat on a lake, where he became enamored of the reflection of the moon on the water and drowned trying to hug it.[[note]]Some revisionist historians think he may have been assassinated--he was from the west of China, spoke fluent Persian, and may have sympathised with the An Lushan Rebellion; his drunkenness, in this view, was used as an excuse.[[/note]] He is considered to be one of the finest poets (if not ''the'' finest) in the history of Chinese literature, which is saying something (considering how much literature China has produced in its 3,500+ years of existence as a civilization).
-->Clear wine was once called a Saint,
-->Thick wine was once called a Sage.
-->Of Saint and Sage I have long quaffed deep,
-->What need for me to study the sutras?
-->At the third cup I penetrate the ''Tao'',
-->At the full gallon Nature and I are one.
--->--Li Bai, "Drinking alone by moonlight". To give an idea of how much he drank, Chinese rice wine is about 18-25% ABV.
* Music/CharlieParker, probably the biggest name to EVER appear in jazz, took more drugs than Keith Richards. When he died, the coroner estimated him, on the degradation of his body, to be in his sixties. He was thirty four.
* Subverted by Music/LouReed: Although he certainly took lots of drugs, heroin was not one of them. However, he wrote and sung several ''songs'' about heroin (including [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin one titled "Heroin"]]), and [[MisaimedFandom apparently some fans started using after hearing these songs]], much to his disgust.
** He did use heroin very rarely, but he was never addicted to it. Amphetamines, on the other hand...
* Author and counterculture figure Creator/KenKesey was a typical clean-cut, all-American jock... until he discovered LSD as a paid test subject in college. [[HilarityEnsues Hilarity ensued]]. His first book, ''Literature/OneFlewOverTheCuckoosNest'', was written while he worked night shifts at the local VA hospital's psych ward (a job he first took so he could access more LSD and other drugs), stoned out of his mind. His second novel, ''Sometimes A Great Notion'', was written on acid/pot/speed binges that would last thirty hours at a time. And then there was the bus...
* Music/SydBarrett was a heavy user of LSD. Unfortunately in his case this led to a permanent CreatorBreakdown and his career as a musician was essentially over by the time he turned 25.
** Though according to [[WordOfGod Roger Waters]], Syd was the only [[Music/PinkFloyd band]] member who was on anything harder than caffeine.
*** Then again; The other Floyd Members did occasionally enjoy pot and alcohol. David Gilmour may have even dabbled with coke in TheEighties.
* Music/KurtCobain of Music/{{Nirvana}} used heroin a lot. It was at least partially self medication for an unspecified stomach condition.
** Cobain was so high on heroin at the time of his death that [[EpilepticTrees it's been argued he was too high to have killed himself]].
* [[Music/RedHotChiliPeppers John Frusciante's]] heroin use during the 90s led to all his teeth falling out, voices in his head, and the album ''Smile From The Streets You Hold'' which is considered his CreatorBreakdown. Luckily, he got better.
* Children's book author Creator/RobertMunsch was addicted to cocaine and alcohol.
* [[Music/TheBeachBoys Brian Wilson]] first took LSD with a friend in 1964 - after some initial anxiety, he sat down and played what would eventually become ''California Girls'' - call it coincidence, but The Beach Boys music started to get more interesting and complex around this time.
** Unfortunately, Brian was a CreatorBreakdown just waiting for a place to happen, and his obsessive use of acid is believed to have exacerbated it.
*** Brian did later note what starts as a tool can become a crutch and then a great weight.
* Creator/HunterSThompson made overindulgence in drugs--''many'' drugs--a large part of his public image, and by all accounts required amphetamines and alcohol to write in his [[GonzoJournalism trademark style]] (see, e.g., "The Kentucky Derby Is Decadent and Depraved," written while constantly soused on bourbon and other booze). While the frequency is much debated, he definitely played with other substances, was a (peripheral) part of the acid culture of the Bay Area in the 1960s, and was fond of marijuana in his more relaxed moments.
* Subverted by Creator/RobertLouisStevenson - he happened to have been given drugs when suffering with a severe chest infection which simply had the side-effect of inducing hallucinations and convulsions; this inspired him to write JekyllAndHyde- not that he hallucinated the story as such, but he was fascinated later by how the drugs had made him feel like a separate personality.
* Music/EricClapton was becoming addicted to heroin when he recorded what is generally regarded as his best album, Derek & the Dominos' ''Music/LaylaAndOtherAssortedLoveSongs''. However, this is also something of a subversion as he wasted the next couple of years until he cleaned up.
* Music/MilesDavis was addicted to drugs at several points of his career. This was also a large part of the reason that he didn't release anything in the late '70s.
* James Taylor, of all people, was a heroin addict for a pretty long time.
* Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Thomas de Quincey, and most of the Romantic poets were known for their indulgence of the "hip" drugs of the day, from brandy and port to opium to laudanum (opium dissolved in liquor) to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Coleridge wrote "Kubla Khan", after an opium trip and De Quincey wrote ''Confessions of an English Opium Eater'' as an anti-drug PSA after he finally sobered up. Unfortunately, the [[DoNotDoThisCoolThing beatific descriptions]] of the visions and sensations produced by opium found in the book was responsible for attracting a huge number of people to try the drug.
* Music/EltonJohn was addicted to cocaine, marijuana and alcohol (along with suffering through bulimia and sex addiction) from 1975 through entering a Chicago rehabilitation center (the only one he found that specialized in conquering all of his addictions at once) in 1990 to seek treatment. [[WordOfGod He claims]] that working on his first post-rehab album ''The One'' [[TroubledProduction was difficult at first]] as he was without the crutch of chemical dependency for the first time in ages.
* [[WebVideo/TheSpoonyExperiment Spoony]] was stoned on painkillers following major dental surgery for his review of the infamous [[VideoGame/ETTheExtraterrestrial E.T. game;]] this is noted in the review itself, as it was basically a challenge from fans who wanted to see what kind of video he would turn out while in extreme pain and high. Discussing it later, he admits he not only has no memory of filming the review, he has no idea how he got a specific shot that should've been impossible without more equipment or help, and he somehow did the editing work in a fraction of the time he usually takes.
* Creator/PhilipKDick wrote most of his fiction under the influence of drugs, though, despite how often hallucinogens appear in his work, he made little if any use of LSD or other psychedelic drugs. He mostly took amphetamines, and it wasn't for inspiration so much as energy: he was paid so little for each novel that he sometimes had to write as many as five or six a year, as well as numerous short stories, just to pay his bills, a schedule he couldn't keep up without powerful stimulants.
* Similarly to Dick's example, famous Hungarian mathematician Paul Erdős[[note]]A well-known eccentric, the member of The Martians an informal club of Hungarian mathematicians and physicists in the US, which included such figures as John von Neumann and Leo Szillard, and the inspiration for Creator/StanislawLem's quip about "''nomadic scientists''".[[/note]] has always attributed his scientific success to amphetamines, [[FunctionalAddict which he used for much of his life]]. Having went sober on a dare once, the man then complained that while he was perfectly okay otherwise, without speed he couldn't think about mathematics ''at all''.