[[quoteright:338:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ChildhoodIdyll.JPG]]
->''Come live with me and be my Love,\\
And we will all the pleasures prove\\
That hills and valleys, dale and field,\\
And all the craggy mountains yield.''
-->-- '''Creator/ChristopherMarlowe''', "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love"

The gentle, quiet life of the countryside, peopled by [[SimpleMindedWisdom souls of wise simplicity]] living InHarmonyWithNature. Arcadia is traditionally populated by shepherds and shepherdesses; more recent versions may also include agriculture.

Idealized often to the point of becoming a {{Utopia}}. Generally portrayed as a place where people still stick to the GoodOldWays, rather than being trapped in the city's bustle. (Unkind souls may [[GoodIsOldFashioned sneer at them for being old fashioned]].) Though the [[CityMouse city dwellers]] may scorn them for their lack of luxuries, they are happier for not having to rely on material things for happiness.

It may, indeed, be the Good landscape, in contrast with its EvilIsDeathlyCold {{Shadowland}}, GrimUpNorth, or the citified {{Shadowland}} of the DeadlyDecadentCourt or ViceCity -- in older works (when most people lived in the country) it may contrast with the WildWilderness or TheLostWoods -- and is always the better place in TheCityVsTheCountry. It is not, however, a region free from all evils; the expression ''Et in Arcadia ego'' (even in Arcadia I -- i.e. death -- am) comments that TheGrimReaper also makes appearances here.

A TenMinuteRetirement often brings the character to Arcadia. A character -- perhaps a CityMouse who's learned [[AnAesop his lesson]], or someone [[EasyAmnesia who lost his memory]], or a NatureLover who's finally escaped the ViceCity -- may settle down here for a peaceful life and a [[GirlNextDoor quiet romance]]. The pursuits of Arcadia are often portrayed as bringing life into the world, and are more productive than the destructive pursuits of heroes and villains. Depending on how it is depicted, this can range from idyllic leisure, to unending and hard work -- but this work is [[TheSimpleLifeIsSimple never too complicated or stressful]], but rather peaceful and fulfilling for a character who was DesperatelyLookingForAPurposeInLife. (Plus, of course, all that hard work gives you a good appetite, so you also don't need all the fancy dishes to tempt your stomach, unlike the city.)

The CountryMouse or the FarmBoy often come from a (more or less idealized) Arcadia. It often features as HomeSweetHome for an adventurer. Many a RetiredBadass and OldMaster live here full time, having jumped at the CallToAgriculture. If the question of social relations comes up, it will always turn out to be a CloseKnitCommunity. The NatureLover often appreciates it for the greenery.

A brief visit there is an ArcadianInterlude.

Closely related to GhibliHills, but inhabited. (They may, in fact, be next to each other in the same story.) Visual media often use it for SceneryPorn. Often features in a GreenAesop. In older works, it may contrast to TheLostWoods. As late as the early nineteenth century, wilderness was not considered attractive scenery; a pleasant view was one of cultivated countryside, usually with human figures in it.

The NobleSavage lives with even less of civilizations' goods, but operates on the same principle, although he is usually of a different race than the city folks, unlike the Arcadians -- in both cases, by whatever definition of race was current.

SweetHomeAlabama is a DeepSouth Arcadia. {{Oireland}} is usually (though not always) an Arcadia.

Contrast TownWithADarkSecret. The GoodShepherd calls on Arcadian imagery. Often involves a society with NoPoverty.

Arcadia is a real region, the hilly middle of the Peloponnese. During the Roman Empire, poets (including Virgil) cast it as the idyllic land of the pastoral. Although thus OlderThanFeudalism, it is generally a trope used by city dwellers. Compare it to WildWilderness which it sometimes can overlap with also.

Not to be confused with Creator/TomStoppard's [[Theatre/{{Arcadia}} play of the same name]], or the Music/DuranDuran SpinOff band. ''Series/JoanOfArcadia'' and ''VideoGame/SkiesOfArcadia'' aren't exactly this either. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcadia_%28disambiguation%29 Not to mention all the other things named after Arcadia on Wikipedia]].

----
!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime And Manga]]
* "In the end, all men think that [[TitleDrop their youth was Arcadia]]" -- Goethe, as quoted in ''Arcadia of My Youth'', the ''CaptainHarlock'' movie. Used to justify the name of Harlock's CoolShip.
* In ''CastleInTheSky'', Sheeta, having grown up in a pastoral lifestyle, explains at the climax that Laputa had been abandoned because their ancestors had learned that it cut them off from nature, and an Arcadia was truly a better place to live.
* The GhibliHills of ''MyNeighborTotoro'' are next to farming villages fitting this trope.
* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'': Resembool, the Elric brothers' hometown, seems to be this.
* ''Anime/HaibaneRenmei'' may have a town and some technology, but it perfectly embodies the emotional aspects.
* The idyllic world found in ''VideoGame/NeoAngelique'' is actually ''called'' Arcadia.
* Anime/{{Windaria}} The Valley, also known as 'Saki'. Its the region where people farm. Its a beautiful place with friendly people.
* The setting of ''{{Aria}}''. It is mentioned that technologically, it is a lot more primitive than Earth (called "Manhome"). And yet it's an {{utopia}}.
* In ''SaintBeast'', heaven is meant to be more like this than a FluffyCloudHeaven, but has a sinister edge thanks to the JerkassGod.
* The setting in ''Manga/YokohamaKaidashiKikou'', mostly consisting of the Miura Peninsula, lives and breathes this trope. Much like Aria, it's completely necessary for the series that things be so pastoral and peaceful, because the series revolves around the quiet atmosphere that the countryside has.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comics]]
* Fiddler's Green in ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' is an Arcadia GeniusLoci.
* The mountain that Spider Jerusalem begins and ends ''{{Transmetropolitan}}'' in an arcadia. He also talks about the impact this rural area has on him during his time in the City.
* The PostCrisis version of [[{{Superman}} Smallville]]. The portrayal carried over to ''Series/LoisAndClark'' and ''WesternAnimation/SupermanTheAnimatedSeries''. ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', well that is slightly more [[BuffySpeak mutant-y]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fairy Tales]]
* The literary fairy tales of the precieuxes, such as Jeanne-Marie Le Prince de Beaumont's ''Aurore and Aimee'', frequently put their princes and princesses in disguise as shepherds in a pastoral setting.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In "The Prince", Joshua Christopher and his family live in a town named Arcadia, somewhere in the Midwestern United States. It is the modern day parallel to Bethlehem/Nazareth/Jerusalem.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Films]]
* The last segment of Creator/AkiraKurosawa's ''Dreams''.
* ''Film/TheThinRedLine'' has several examples: the Melanesian village, Witt's flashbacks to his life on the farm and Bell's memories of his married life.
* The entire plot of ''TheVillage'' is [[spoiler: concerned with a desperate, generation-old ploy to preserve an Arcadia.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine''. Pepperland before the Blue Meanie attack.
* ''Film/BigFish'' has Spectre, a hidden town where nothing bad ever happens. The ground is covered in soft grass, so no one ever wears shoes. The main character stays there for a bit, but decides that he needs to experience more of life before retiring there.
* Subverted in ''Film/ResidentEvilAfterlife'', where "Arcadia" was supposed to be a safe haven somewhere in Alaska. It turned out to be an elaborate trap.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* One of {{Horace}}'s odes ("Beatus ille") begins by extolling at length the supposed joys of living in the countryside. How wonderful it must be, the narrator muses, to have a small, self-sufficient farm in the country, to turn the soil with his own oxen, to enjoy the grafted pears and grapes and drink wine fermented in his own home with a sweet wife who spins his flock's wool and makes cheese from the milk and with [[ValuesDissonance gentle home-bred slaves]] to help them....and the narrator turns out to be a Roman moneylender who has no intention of actually giving up his job. Good thing, too, because (as Horace knew personally) actual country life was nothing like the narrator's imaginings.
* Sir Philip Sidney's ''[[Literature/OldArcadia The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia]]''.
* The Creator/ChristopherMarlowe poem "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love". Walter Raleigh's response "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" is a {{Deconstruction}}.
* In ''Literature/DonQuixote'', at the end of the book, Quixote considers leaving being a [[KnightInShiningArmor knight]] to become an arcadian shepherd instead. Pastoral tropes in general are deconstructed and parodied in the novel: The real shepherds are {{Country|Mouse}} Mice -- ignorant people who have enough common sense and work as shepherds by need. They want to help and are sympathetic enough. The problem comes when a lot of {{City|Mouse}} Mice try to invoke this trope:
** At the Sierra Morena, Don Quixote [[ConversedTrope converses this trope]] with the goatherds at Chapter XXI, delivering an AuthorFilibuster, “Discourse on the Golden Age”, comparing the goatherds with {{Noble Savage}}s. [[GenreBlind None of them understand a word]]. One of the goatherds sings a song, but he didn’t compose it (because he doesn’t know how), it was his uncle who composed it, a cleric who has studied.
-->''All this long harangue (which might very well have been spared) our knight delivered because the acorns they gave him reminded him of the golden age; and the whim seized him to address all this unnecessary argument to the goatherds, who listened to him gaping in amazement without saying a word in reply''.
** In any Arcadia poem, one or various [[LoveMartyr shepherds complains about]] the shepherdess that ignores him. Marcela and Grisostomo deconstruct this at chapter XII – XIV, were the Shepherdess claims she is SoBeautifulItsACurse and so she had to be a shepherdess only to get her freedom, but all the {{City|Mouse}} Mice [[FlockOfWolves that court her decided to be shepherds too]]. and if that [[SpurnedIntoSuicide Grisóstomo killed himself]], [[FairForItsDay is unjust to blame her]].
** Deconstructed again at chapter LII from the first part, Eugenio tells the story of the beautiful Leandra, who elopes with a soldier that left her. Leandra gets LockedAwayInAMonastery while her various {{City|Mouse}} Mice admirers decided to become shepherds and make poems about how Leandra betrayed them… [[InsaneTrollLogic even when she never gave them any hope]]. Eugenio tells that all those shepherds curse Leandra’s indiscretion and they seem so unhappy that he lampshades that Arcadia is really a living hell. Eugenio then says he has decided to follow the easier way, claim AllWomenAreLustful and become a PoliticallyIncorrectHero who hates all women.
** Parodied at the chapter LVIII of the Second Part: Don Quixote meets some beautiful shepherdess who are part of a crew of noble and rich people who invoke this trope by retiring to a forest to play to be shepherd and shepherdess. They are so sophisticated that they have studied two poems from Garcilaso (In Spanish) and Camoes (in Portuguese). [[{{Irony}} Only the truly rich CityMouse can afford to live in a happy Arcadia]].
** Don Quixote considers becoming a shepherd instead of a knight at the end of the second part, before he can invoke this trope, his housekeeper [[DangerouslyGenreSavvy tries to dissuade him by]] lampshading the truth:
-->''will your worship be able to bear, out in the fields, the heats of summer, and the chills of winter, and the howling of the wolves? Not you; for that's a life and a business for hardy men, bred and seasoned to such work almost from the time they were in swaddling-clothes. [[FunnyMoments Why, to make choice of evils, it's better to be a knight-errant than a shepherd!]]
* In [[Literature/AesopsFables Aesop's]] ''The City Mouse and the Country Mouse'', the CityMouse scorns the country life as simple, but when the CountryMouse visits, he discovers that the city is dangerous, and he is better off content in the country.
* The Shire in ''Literature/LordOfTheRings''. The characters even make a point of not even letting the hobbits know Gondor and Rohan are duking it out against {{Mordor}}.
** On the other hand, the hobbits are also portrayed as unimaginative and parochial, which is atypical.
* In Edmund Spenser's ''TheFaerieQueene'', the shepherds are the only people who do not know of the Blatant Beast.
* In Creator/DanAbnett's Literature/GauntsGhosts novel ''Honour Guard'', [[JeanneDArchetype Saint Sabbat]]'s background, as a herder in the mountains. [[spoiler: Consquently, Vamberfield's visions of her are also visions of Arcadia.]]
* The novel ''Literature/{{Ecotopia}}'' has the [[TheOtherRainforest Northwestern US]] secede and become a separate country which is an Arcadian Nation. The protagonist is a reporter and visits the nation.
* In Creator/GrahamMcNeill's TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}} Literature/{{Ultramarines}} novel ''Dead Sky Black Sun'', Uriel retreats from ColdBloodedTorture to the memories of his childhood home, an Arcadian {{Shadowland}} to the [[{{Mordor}} Eye of Terror]]. Only when his [[DeadPersonConversation dead mentor Captain Idaeus]] appears to chide him does he return to the pain.
* ''TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'': The background state of Oz is an Arcadia propped up by several potent pieces of nationwide magic (to the point where it hardly even has any death), punctuated by numerous settlements of bizarre people. Adventures consist of protecting Oz from outside invasion, from upset by one of the bizarre internal settlements, or (as in the first story) finding your way home by finding your way through Oz and environs to the Emerald City. So the Arcadian background winds up staying pretty firmly in the background.
* Maid Marian was a shepherdess in pastoral plays that were common at May festivities. (Then RobinHood plays came into fashion, and someone did a CrossOver, and she shed her Arcadian roots as she joined the crew there. But she started out a shepherdess.)
* Mildly deconstructed in the Tiffany Aching ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' sub-series, which make it clear that being a shepherd is bloody hard work, and birthing a lamb at three in the morning in the rain is not conductive to a peaceful life. But both the Chalk and Lancre are generally presented as simpler and "nicer" places than Ankh-Morpork, so Sir Pterry does play it more-or-less straight at times.
** Not really. Ankh-Morpork is, in real-world terms, a cross between New York and New Jersey. Being nicer than Ankh-Morpork isn't hard; the bottoms of particularly uninviting wells are routinely nicer than Ankh-Morpork.
*** Which doesn't stop people from moving from places like Lancre to Ankh-Morpork.
* Creator/PatriciaAMcKillip:
** Hed, in ''Literature/TheRiddleMasterTrilogy'', is an idyllic, pastoral island mostly unaffected by turmoils on the mainland -- at least at first.
** In "The Kelpie", healthy living in the countryside is cited to explain Emma's height.
* Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's epic poem {{Evangeline}}, the begining of which is a discription of the French colony of Acadie.
* The Two Rivers from ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'' series, mostly shepherds with a scattering of farmers, check, GhibliHills in the mountains, check, believes in the GoodOldWays, check. Small wonder that the [[PowerTrio Protaganists]] grew up there. There's a bit of deconstruction going on, since it's made plain that the farmers do actual work for their food (on one occasion some women are joking that men always faint during childbirth, and Rand reminisces about the rigors of lambing), and the area suffers the typical DoomedHometown phenomenon, though it manages to survive... and become a cosmopolitan economic center.
** Flashbacks show that the Age of Legends was more or less a giant one of these, thanks to advanced and persistent {{Magitek}}. The ruling magic-using class pervaded the effects of their skill to the point of a BackgroundMagicField, allowing common peoples to live among giant trees which exuded an aura of peace and contentment, and grow crops by merely singing to them.
* The vast majority of the ''Literature/AnneOfGreenGables'' books by Creator/LMMontgomery are set in this trope (except goes to ''Anne of the Island,'' where she is in a city going to college), and her "Emily," "Story Girl," "Magic For Marigold," "Literature/ATangledWeb," and "Pat" books also fit the bill. On the other hand, "TheBlueCastle" and "Literature/JaneOfLanternHill" are about [[CityMouse City Mice]] finding fulfillment in Arcadia -- here embodied in Prince Edward Island.
* Pastoral literature is mocked extensively in DavidEddings' [[TheElenium The Tamuli]].
** Yet in ''Literature/TheBelgariad'' and ''The Malloreon'', Faldor's Farm is portrayed as one of the best possible places to grow up, and Faldor himself is one of the few unambiguously good people in the series. The Rivan Pasturelands and The Vale of Aldur also count as pastoral places.
* ''Literature/TessOfTheDUrbervilles'' deconstructs the concept of an idyllic Arcadia. The beauty of the Victorian countryside is juxtaposed to the chain of heinous events that happen to the titular heroine.
* Appears in much of Creator/WilliamMorris' works. In particular, his vision for a socialist future in ''News From Nowhere''.
* In Creator/PGWodehouse's ''Uneasy Money'', Elizabeth starts to be reconciled with the notion of Bill as a house guest when it turns out he's kept bees, and when their talk turns to dreams of living the Arcadian life in a farm, she is quite reconciled.
* Deconstructed in ''Literature/SherlockHolmes''; while Watson appears to hold the Arcadian view of the country as opposed to crime-ridden London, Holmes the hardened crime-solver does not. (He does end up [[spoiler:retiring to the Sussex Downs and keeping bees]], however.)
--> "Good heavens!" I cried. "Who would associate crime with these dear old homesteads?"\\
"They always fill me with a certain horror. It is my belief, Watson, founded upon my experience, that the lowest and vilest alleys in London do not present a more dreadful record of sin than does the smiling and beautiful countryside."\\
"You horrify me!"\\
"But the reason is very obvious. The pressure of public opinion can do in the town what the law cannot accomplish. There is no lane so vile that the scream of [[AbusiveParents a tortured child]], or [[DomesticAbuse the thud of a drunkard's blow]], does not beget sympathy and indignation among the neighbours, and then the whole machinery of justice is ever so close that a word of complaint can set it going, and there is but a step between the crime and the dock. But look at these lonely houses, each in its own fields, filled for the most part with poor ignorant folk who know little of the law. Think of the deeds of hellish cruelty, the hidden wickedness which may go on, year in, year out, in such places, and none the wiser."
* Many Creator/AgathaChristie novels are the deconstruction of this. On the countryside, everyone knows everyone. That's, good, right? Well, everyone has a reason to hate the others, and everyone had a reason to kill the victim.
* In Creator/MichaelFlynn's ''[[Literature/SpiralArm Up Jim River]]'', the emperor dreams of a life as a cowboy on another planet. The harper notices how romantically deluded and inaccurate his dreams are. Then, he's really miserable as emperor.
* In Creator/RickRiordan's ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus'' novel ''The Mark of Athema'', a tapestry shows a pastoral scene when Annabeth [[spoiler:reaches the chamber of Athena Parthenos.]]
* In RobinMcKinley's ''Literature/{{Sunshine}}'', the city is New Arcadia. It once, before the war, had been a backwater, and it's still surrounded by wilderness.
* Late in ''Literature/GalaxyOfFear'', the protagonists, running from the Empire, finally end up on grassland-covered Dantooine and spend a while traveling with the nomadic, primitive native Dantari. And it's peaceful there, with no threats that can't be cleared up quickly. After a month Tash and Zak are getting extremely bored, though when circumstances force them to leave the world they are reluctant.
* In PoulAnderson's "Literature/TimeLag", Vaynamo is heavily rural, and quite peacable. Elva feels quite safe doing the circuit with only some Alfavala servants, who are barely intelligent enough to talk, and at one point contemplates how little violence they have in their history.
* In the 2013 novel ''CrossAndPoppy,'' the countryside is simply ''better'', even if Death can (and often does) say, "et ego." After all, there are no chalk-streams in {{London}}; they won't let the Duke shoot journalists and politicians on the wing; and as for [[Main/FoxHunting huntin', damn it all]]….
** This is precisely the reason why InUniverse celebrities have bought country houses in the district when they could, although the Duke of Taunton, who owns most of the countryside, is determined that the place shall not become Cheshire or Essex, overrun with [=WAG=]s and telly types and all sorts, damn it all, what.

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''DocMartin'' takes place in an idyllic rural fishing village.
* In ''Series/DoctorWho'''s series 2 finale, the Doctor alludes to "the Fall of Arcadia", a battle during the Time War.
** This Arcadia was a pastoral human colony planet, introduced in a TelevisionTieInNovel.
** In ''[[Recap/DoctorWhoS9E4TheMutants The Mutants]]'' Ky assures us it was the BackStory of his planet.
** As we later learn from Day of The Doctor and the earlier minisode Last Day, Arcadia is considered the safest and best defended city on Gallifrey during the time war. Until the Daleks broke through the sky trenches.
* The ''Series/NightVisions'' episode ''A View Through The Window'' involves a man seeing an idyllic world of this sort through an interdimensional window, and longing to go there. [[spoiler: Subverted when he does so; to find it populated by carnivorous aliens, who begin to look for a way through themselves.]]
* The Picard Family Orchard is depicted this way in ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration''.
* Ironic usage on ''Series/TheXFiles'', with a planned community ''called'' Arcadia that's really a TownWithADarkSecret.
* In the classic ''Series/TwilightZone'' episode "A Stop at Wiloughby", the protagonist is very sick and tired of the rat race of 1960s American society. During a nap, he visits the town Wiloughby, which is this trope, as an idealized late 1800s American town. He cannot find the town on any map. When he decides to stay, he is deeply content, but [[spoiler:his body died as he was taken to Wiloughby Funeral Home]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* Beethoven's Sixth, the Pastoral Symphony.
* Ian Anderson from Music/JethroTull moved out to a farm to enjoy the bucolic life, and then made the album Heavy Horses about this trope.
** In general, Jethro Tull songs are typically full of references to a sort of rural utopia. The album Songs From The Wood has a more forest-y, less farm-y version of this trope.
* Many songs by TheLibertines are about Arcadia. Both Carl Barat and Pete Doherty used to talk longingly about the idea of reaching Arcadia, and Doherty still believes in it.
* PinkMartini's music alludes from time to time to a place,
-->Where the hills are green, and the cars are few and far
-->Days are full of splendor, and at night you can see the stars...
* Avantasia's [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M5yahhoupCM Journey to Arcadia]] may be referring to this.
* In ''(There'll Be [[BluebirdOfHappiness Bluebirds]] Over) The White Cliffs of Dover'', one of the promises is that "The shepherd will tend his sheep,".
* Romance between shepherds & shepherdesses and other country folk was a common theme for English madrigals, e.g., ''Fair Phyllis I Saw Sitting All Alone'', ''Now Is the Month of Maying'', ''It Was a Lover and His Lass''.
* AlStewart's "Timeless Skies." The refrain is "Under timeless arcadian skies."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The ''TabletopGame/NewWorldOfDarkness'' has not one, but TWO Arcadias, one from whence all Fate and Time magic stems (resulting in the trickster-like Acanthus mage path) and another, where the twisted True Fae of ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheLost'' takes their kidnapped mortals. All Changelings must fight their way out of Arcadia, which is only peaceful and idyllic to the True Fae themselves; the Changelings are the slaves that make their happiness possible. Despite attempts by fan club members to retcon the two into one space, WordOfGod has refused to confirm whether they are or not.
** Most of the ''TabletopGame/NewWorldOfDarkness'' is ambiguous, and quite a few Mages want Changelings to take them through the deadly thorns of the Hedge and into Arcadia to learn more about it. As well, Fate and Time are more useful than any other type of magic within the realm of Faerie. One of the ''Changeling'' line books finally confirms what happens when a Mage ends up in Arcadia. It's... not pretty.
** Then there was the Arcadia of ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheDreaming'', which was a lot less CosmicHorrorStory and a lot more, well, Arcadia. It was the homeland of the fae, but was cut off from Earth once disbelief got too strong, forcing the fae left on Earth to take refuge in human bodies.
* In ''ArsMagica'', Arcadia was the sort of Faerieland you'd get if you mixed folk mythology to get a cross between Shakespearean fairies, the Celtic Otherworld, and Norse "Aelfheim" (Elfland).
** And it was pretty dangerous place, despite of being almost always beautiful. It had four directions: Dark, Light, Summer and Winter. If you went towards any of them long enough, you would either die or lose your mind.
* One of the Outer Planes in the ''TabletopGame/{{Planescape}}'' [=AD&D=] setting, specifically the park-like "LawfulGood with emphasis on the lawful" plane, was called "Arcadia." (The complete name, according to ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' 3rd Edition, was "the Peaceable Kingdoms Of Arcadia." But that's splitting hairs.) However, Dothion, one of the Twin Paradises of Bytopia, fits the trope just as well if not better.
** The [[{{Hobbits}} halfling]] homeland of Luiren in the ''TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms'' campaign setting. It's not ''completely'' free from danger (this is ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' after all -- why go somewhere if not to kill and loot stuff?), with a dangerous forest at its border and the occasional monster, but all in all it's one of the safest places in the Realms.
* Fortitude in ''TabletopGame/ChuubosMarvelousWishGrantingEngine'' is like this, only with a bit more of a focus on sailing and a culture of swashbuckling rats, and Little Island is if anything even more so. The area actually ''named'' Arcadia, on the other hand, is a huge shopping district haunted by tsukumogami and with so much neat flashy stuff it probably has epilepsy warnings.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theater]]
* Creator/WilliamShakespeare used it more than once: in ''Theatre/{{Cymbeline}}'' and ''Theatre/TheWintersTale'', the royal foundlings are raised by shepherds, and in ''Theatre/AsYouLikeIt'', Rosalind, fleeing her uncle's [[DeadlyDecadentCourt corrupt court]].
** ''As You Like It'' is [[IndecisiveParody arguably a parody]] of this trope as a reaction against all of the pastoral plays of Shakespeare's time. The "arguable" part stems from the fact that it still retains the spirit of this trope while mocking its conventions -- the shepherds, for example, repeatedly complain about their supposedly idyllic jobs and are terrible at wooing their love interests.
* Strephon from Creator/GilbertAndSullivan's ''Theatre/{{Iolanthe}}'' is an Arcadian shepherd. He's also [[HalfHumanHybrid half fairy]].
* ''Theatre/{{Arcadia}}'', [[SarcasmMode strangely enough]], takes place in a rural country house, even if it isn't ''necessarily'' where the title comes from.
* In Creator/JohnMilton's ''Theatre/{{Comus}}'', Comus poses as a shepherd to make the Lady more trusting. More honestly, the Attendent Spirit greets her brothers as a shepherd.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The village in ''{{Fez}}'' is this.
* Ironically, Arcadia in Halo Wars and the rest of the [[Franchise/{{Halo}} Halo Universe]] is nothing like this.
** Not when we actually see it, anyway. When it's first mentioned, Serina comments that Arcadia is a resort planet.
* In ''VideoGame/TheLongestJourney'', Arcadia is AnotherDimension where magic is possible. While it looks like a pastoral utopia to people coming there from [[CyberPunk our world]], it has its own share of problems, too.
* Tazmily Village, the setting of ''VideoGame/{{Mother 3}}''. It seems a little too good to be true. [[spoiler:It's too good to last, anyway. It was never really true in the first place. The villagers founded Tazmily with the Arcadia stereotype in mind, designing it to be a utopia and then altering their own memories to believe it had always been that way. That's why]] Tazmily has ''all'' the features of Arcadia at the start of the game. The ways of life there are peaceful and simple, resources are so plentiful that the villagers can't fathom the concept of money, and the lead character is even the son of a shepherd. [[spoiler:And then Fassad comes along to ruin it...]]
* The ''VideoGame/MegaManZero'' series had Neo Arcadia, the last utopia for humans.
** Which, in another bit of irony, is a technological paradise rather than a pastoral one. It's not ''Neo'' Arcadia for nothing. [[spoiler: The guy running it even tries to make the environment outside Neo Arcadia uninhabitable at one point.]]
* Typically, in Franchise/{{Pokemon}}, the protagonist begins their journey in a ridiculously tiny, picturesque town. Played with in that these places usually host a widely-respected scientist who sends the protagonist on their journey, a character not normally found in Arcadia settings. Other Arcadia spots besides the beginning of each game include:
** [[VideoGame/PokemonGoldAndSilver Johto]] contains a large farm on one of its routes, and the small hamlet of Mahogany Town and its scenic lake.
** Verdanturf Town from VideoGame/PokemonRubyAndSapphire, it's so idealized that simply being there ''makes you healthier.''
** There's a lot of farmland near [[VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl Solaceon Town]]. Comes bundled with free [[RuinsForRuinsSake ruins!]]
** The White version of VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite's Opelucid City, a quiet, old-timey town. Black's version of Opelucid is a techo haven.
** Agate Village, the only beautiful place in the [[CrapsackWorld hellhole]] that is [[VideoGame/PokemonColosseum Orre.]]
* In ''[[VideoGame/FireEmblemElibe FireEmblem: Blazing Sword]]'', there was a village named Arcadia where humans and dragons lived in peace (when everywhere else, dragons were made extinct by humans). However, its giant libraries were also the place where the BigBad obtained his ability to drain and consume LifeEnergy.
* In ''VideoGame/BioShock1'', Arcadia is the name of the underwater forest that serves as a source of oxygen for Rapture.
** It was originally planned for Andrew Ryan to use the line "even in Arcadia, I exist", before he gasses all the vegetation in Rapture.
* Present-day Winhill in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVIII''. It's the only town where the primary party does not engage in combat, the townspeople are mostly friendly, and is the site of two of the relatively few peacefully-resolved sidequests.
** Ironically, Winhill is still ''less'' of an Arcadia than it used to be (even after the giant bugs were exterminated). Compared to Laguna's flashback, the atmosphere is melancholic and downbeat -- the colours are less vivid and there are fewer signs of life. Which makes sense since the town was repeatedly raided for child prisoners by Esthar and [[spoiler: children orphaned by the war were placed into an orphanage on another continent]], making Winhill a ''declining'' Arcadia.
* In ''ModernWarfare 2'' the 1st Batallion, 75th Regiment of US Army Rangers passes through Arcadia, Virginia, on the way to Washington DC. It's an upper middle-class community and the scenery is therefore a match, if a subversion in that the inhabitants would certainly not be simpler-minded folk. We can't ask them because they've been run off by [[spoiler: the invading Russian Army, which the Rangers are fighting against.]]
* In ''VideoGame/FableII'', the town of Oakfield is a great example of Arcadia, consisting mostly of farmland with a few houses, produce stalls, and an inn. From the first game you have Oakvale, but by Fable 2 it's become a cursed marsh.
* Rural Sicily is shown to be something of an Arcadia in VideoGame/{{Hitman}} II Silent Assassin
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'': The very purpose of Gensokyo. But it just end up being a very broken paradise with a 60-years-long ViciousCycle, some truly psychotic casts, and ''failing'' in actually stopping technology from encroaching it.
* A majority of the ''HarvestMoon'' games are set in this type of area.
* Skyloft from ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaSkywardSword'' is a FloatingContinent version.
* ''VideoGame/ShinMegamiTenseiII'' features a straight example of this, ruled over by the mysterious Gimel. [[spoiler:Except it's all a virtual reality created as a prototype of the Thousand Year Kingdom, with the plan to plug ''everyone'' into the system if it's successful]].
* ''VideoGame/TheIdolmaster'': "[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin arcadia]]", one of [[Creator/AsamiImai Chihaya]]'s image songs, can be considered a reference to this trope. [[http://www.animelyrics.com/game/idolmaster/arcadia.htm The lyrics]] describe people striving to reach a mythical, ideal land.
* Yormgen from "TalesOfVesperia" is beautiful, secluded and doesn't need Magitek to protect against monster attacks. [[spoiler: Because it is an ancient memory created by Phaeroh of a town that was reduced to a barren desert because of overuse of said Magitek.]]
* The forest and prairie regions in ''VideoGame/{{Wolf}}'' are apparently this to the humans in the game, since they're pleasant and good for grazing cattle. You'll wish they'd go home instead, because [[DemonicSpiders humans are the most annoying enemy in the game]].
* ''VideoGame/TheMatrixPathOfNeo'' has a sort of Japanese/Chinese version of this in one of the training levels, it's completely empty except for you, the training A.I. and Trinity. It's a simple, peaceful forest with a stream/waterfall with two red bridges and the only house is a blue/gray one.
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[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''TheDreamer'', 18th century Roxbury Massachusetts definitely fits the bill.
* In ''{{Sarab}}'', most of the world is like this.
* In ''Webcomic/SandraAndWoo'', [[http://www.sandraandwoo.com/2012/08/23/0405-the-archer/ Larisa solemnly proclaims that a painting depicts this -- shortly before declaring it showed hostility to the old rural life.]]
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[[folder:Web Original]]
* {{Retropolis}} [[http://thrilling-tales.webomator.com/guide-to-the-future-that-never-was/guide_009 attracts people from rural communities to farm in its Greenbelts.]]
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[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}}'': the quiet rural town of Radiator Springs teaches Lightning [=McQueen=] what is important in life.
* The Pastoral Symphony in Disney/{{Fantasia}}.
* In ''WesternAnimation/ThunderCats2011'', (a series prone to SceneryPorn)
** "Omens Part One" has it present in the EpicTrackingShot that introduces Thundera, seen to the south of the walled city.
** In "The Duelist and the Drifter" this is the setting of the Swordmaker's home, full of rolling fields.
* Ponyville from ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' is a small farming community where [[PaintingTheFrostOnWindows they still wrap up winter by hand (er, hoof)]] and seems to be the only town where [[NoNudityTaboo nobody wears clothes]].
** This is only when things are going good, though. [[EverythingTryingToKillYou Everything]] from [[ExplosiveBreeder parasprites]] to [[RealityWarper Discord]] to [[HellHound Cerberus]] (Yes, ''that one'') seems to make a beeline for Ponyville whenever they show up in the show, so Ponyville is [[CityOfAdventure far from peaceful and idyllic]].
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[[folder:Real Life]]
* The Trope Namer is a historic region of the Greek Peloponnesus (still a prefecture of Greece today). It is mountainous and surrounded by mountains, which tended to isolate it from cultural changes and preserve old dialects and old ways. In ancient and medieval times, it was so rustic and secluded that its inhabitants became proverbial as primitive herdsmen leading simple lives.
* The scenery of northern Tōhoku, the northernmost bits of the Japanese main island Honshu, looks straight out of ''MyNeighborTotoro''. The people there are also incredibly kind to bumbling foreigners.
* [[RetiredBadass Diocletian]] abdicated as Emperor and built a retirement palace at Split, and when asked to [[TenMinuteRetirement come out of retirement]] replied that "If you could see [[CallToAgriculture the vegetables planted by my hands]] at Salona, you would then never think of urging such an attempt."
* Marie Antoinette was notorious for having set up a mock-dairy and play-acting as a shepherdess. She really believed country life was like that -- with the cows all scrubbed for her arrival and probably people in the wings who knew what they were doing well enough to fool Marie into thinking she was doing well.
** Some commenters of the time noted that with the money it cost to build that section of the palace gardens, they could probably have fed the area, though the cost was exagerated by contemporaries in an attempt to discredit her. Not that the actual price would have been insignificant.
* The Old South before the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar Civil War]], though there was obviously slavery and supposed threats of "black rebellion" against whites to break the idyllic image.
** The Appalachian area of the Old South as well, which traded in slavery for more lawlessness and backwood feuds.
* Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine, though it's a lot colder than ideal half of the time.
** Parts of western Massachusetts could qualify as well.
*** The northwestern and north-central portions of [[{{Joisey}} New Jersey]] most definitely qualify as this, and are colloquially known as "The Skylands" by New Jerseyans. Areas of gorgeous countryside, isolated by scenic mountains that get even more scenic in the spring and autumn, and a largely pristine landscape dotted by small, peaceful towns definitely make New Jersey's Skylands a modern version of Arcadia. It really is a crime that Hollywood and New York media have never allowed this to become a prevalent image of New Jersey in movies.
** Much of UsefulNotes/{{Pennsylvania}} is like this, which has been cemented by an old joke: "You have UsefulNotes/{{Philadelphia}} on one side, UsefulNotes/{{Pittsburgh}} on the other, and [[DeepSouth Alabama]] with winters in between." Huge swathes of incredibly fertile farmland (officially called the Piedmont region) are also occupied by large populations of the Old Order {{Amish}} and Mennonites, two groups that are often considered in North American culture to personify the simple lifestyles of yesteryear.
* There have been many different "Arcadias" and varients thereof throughout North America. The earliest one was apparently in the coastal regions of Eastern Virginia, but the name seemed to migrate north throughout the colonial era, eventually coming to describe various places along the northern east coast, up to Maine, then to Nova Scotia.
* Acadia was historically a French colony consisting of modern day New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Maine. Maine still has a reputation for being old fashioned and idealistic. There are still some French speaking descendants of those colonists, particuliarly in coastal New Brunswick, the Saint John Valley on the Maine-New Brunswick border, and the Louisiana Cajuns.
** In fact, the word "Cajun" originated from "Acadian" (In refrence to these French speaking peoples, originally of the northern East Coast.)
* The less famous parts of California (particularly the coastal region) are often close to this. While most cities are at least partially developed, they also have lots of greenery and well-kept parks. On the other hand, living/rental costs are among the highest in the States, so that balances things out a little.
** Oddly enough, an actual city of Arcadia exists a little north of Los Angeles, nestled against the mountains. It is pleasant enough, though still obviously a suburb of LA.
* Most small rural towns seem like a real-life Arcadia to those who don't live in them, and everyone's home-town from their childhood seems like Arcadia when looked back upon twenty or thirty years later.
* Welcome to the North West Coast of Scotland, please be nice to the sheep. Actually the South West and North East of Scotland fits too, but not the [[ViolentGlaswegian Central Belt]], that is {{Mordor}}.
* Because of ''Literature/AnneOfGreenGables'' and her enduring popularity (see Literature), Prince Edward Island has worked very hard to preserve its Arcadian spirit. Does a very good job, too.
** Which is very fitting, as P.E.I. was once a part of Acadia (see above) and later Nova Scotia before becoming it's own colony/province.
* Northern Oakland and Macomb Counties, Michigan, are filled with forests, small farms, rolling hills, and lots of eccentric country squires.
* There is a medieval term, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locus_amoenus Locus Amoenus]] (pleasant place) which is described in similar terms to both the Garden of Eden and Arcadia. It could pass as an alternate title to this trope.
* Any part of UsefulNotes/{{Cornwall}} that is not on the coast (the coasts, for the record, are SurferDude territory) is an Arcadia. Extends to most of UsefulNotes/TheWestCountry, as well.
* Lincolnshire. Basically a flat plain of some of the most fertile farmland in Europe with lots of small towns and barely any real urban areas.
** Basically, any part of the UK that isn't a city or otherwise designated.
* Rural Ireland is one as well. Really, most of the 'Celtic nations' have Arcadian traits, though Ireland has a lot more rain than typical. Ironically, the agriculture industry isn't very prosperous in the more Arcadian parts of the country (the West) because the terrain isn't good for farming. This Arcadia makes most of its money from forestry and fishing while the more urbanised East has a more productive farming industry -- the land is much better and it's pretty easy to transport the produce with Dublin being so accessible.
* Ukraine. It's not called the breadbasket of eastern Europe for no reason.
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