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[[quoteright:283:[[Literature/ArabianNights http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/arabiannightdlowefinish1_2270.jpg]]]]

->''Oh I come from a land, from a faraway place\\
Where the caravan camels roam.\\
[[{{Bowdlerise}} Where it's flat and immense]]\\
[[{{Bowdlerise}} And the heat is intense]][[note]]Original lyric was "Where they cut off your ear if they don't like your face"[[/note]]\\
It's barbaric, but hey, it's home.\\
\\
When the wind's from the east\\
And the sun's from the west\\
And the sand in the glass is right,\\
Come on down\\
Stop on by\\
Hop a carpet and fly\\
To another Arabian night!''
--> "Arabian Nights", ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}''

Arabia: land of Ali-Baba, genies, sheiks, Sultans, [[EvilChancellor evil Grand Viziers]] ([[TheGoodChancellor as well as some good ones]]), dashing thieves and harem girls. When Western Europe was having its [[DarkAgeEurope Dark Age]], the Islamic world was having its Golden Age, both preserving and enhancing the knowledge of civilization.

Here, Baghdad is still a wondrous, glittering city full of magic and mystery, instead of [[{{Qurac}} a grungy, sprawling Third World metropolis]] [[UsefulNotes/GulfWar with soldiers in Humvees]] [[WarOnTerror battling guys in dynamite vests through the cobblestone streets]].

Mostly based on the Muslim world which stretched from Spain to India and Central Asia during the Middle Ages. Malaysia and Indonesia are usually not represented because of their tropical climate, as opposed to mystical deserts.

Historically, as noted above, this time period is analogous to the DarkAgeEurope of the 7th to the 11th century but this is rarely referenced - and sometimes outright contradicted.

Sometimes this trope is rather based on the 16th-19th centuries' Ottoman Empire. This type of Arabian Nights Days tends to put less emphasis on magic and more [[{{Fanservice}} on harem girls]].

This trope can be a form of CulturalBlending, as the "Islamic world" was home to various different cultures and languages, such as Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and many others.

A popular trope for this setting is GenieInABottle, traditionally a LiteralGenie. {{Flying Carpet}}s are popular too. The look and feel of a BazaarOfTheBizarre often draws heavily on this period as well. Expect at least one reference to the "sands of time."

In fiction set in modern times, the same region inevitably becomes {{Qurac}}.

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!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Art ]]

* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jean_Auguste_Dominique_Ingres_008.jpg All]] these [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jean_Auguste_Dominique_Ingres,_La_Grande_Odalisque,_1814.jpg harem]] pictures of [[http://www.wga.hu/support/viewer/z.html Ingres]].
** Any of the French Orientalist artists, in fact. Jean-Léon Gérôme, Eugène Delacroix... it was quite a popular subject amongst Neoclassical painters apparently.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* ''Comicbook/{{Fables}}'' portrays the free European fables as being stuck in the modern world after the adversary took over. When they ally with the Arabian Fables they expect them to be living in hiding in the middle east. Instead it turns out they are still living in their own traditional lands, complete with flying carpets, since the Adversary has only recently started targeting them and they are actually a cohesive force that can fight him unlike the Europeans (when they were conquered they had a very medieval mindset with each own fief and principality on its own).
* One story in ''[[ComicBook/TheSandman Sandman]]'' features this version of Baghdad, which Caliph Harun al-Raschid finds so wonderful that he is haunted by the knowledge that it will someday end. He calls on Morpheus to preserve it forever, [[spoiler:and he obliges by [[RealityWarper changing it]] into [[TheMagicGoesAway a more mundane version of the city]], but causing the Arabian Nights Days version to live on in stories and dreams]].
* ''Comicbook/{{Iznogoud}}'': The Baghdad in which the series is set owes more to an AffectionateParody of ''Literature/ArabianNights'' than to historical accuracy.
* ''Comicbook/{{Asterix}} and the Magic Carpet''
* In the ''ComicBook/DouweDabbert'' story "The Gate to the East", Douwe ends up in an unnamed, stereotypical middle-eastern country. Shortly after this, the series become more firmly rooted in the real world - just two albums later, Douwe is travelling with the historical East India Trading Company.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/TheThiefOfBagdad'' and ''Film/TheThiefOfBagdad1924''
* The Sultan's court in Creator/TerryGilliam's ''Film/TheAdventuresOfBaronMunchausen''.
** The last three examples are actually set in the 18th-19th century Ottoman Empire. Though it was usually depicted in Western media using this trope, anyway.
* Pretty much any film about Literature/SinbadTheSailor will at least start out here, even though it'll wind up on some uncharted island full of Harryhausen critters.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Literature/OneThousandAndOneNights'' a.k.a. ''The Arabian Nights''. The single most important {{Trope Maker|s}}.
* ''Literature/TheGoldenDreamOfCarloChuchio''
* Klatch on the Literature/{{Discworld}} is Arabian Nights Days in ''Discworld/{{Sourcery}}'', the first book Klatchians play a major part in, but by the time ''Discworld/{{Jingo}}'' rolls around it's more of a late-19th/early-20th-century LawrenceOfArabia style Middle East, with a few ''Literature/ArabianNights'' elements left in.
* Edward Said devoted his ''Orientalism'' to debunking this sort of myth.
** Or, more precisely, pointing out how the pervasiveness of this sort of myth prevented Europeans from having any sort of perspective on what the Middle East was, and is, ''actually'' like.
* ''Literature/CastleInTheAir'', which bears the same relationship to the ''Arabian Nights'' as its predecessor ''Literature/HowlsMovingCastle'' does to Western fairy tales.
* William Beckford's ''Literature/{{Vathek}}'' mixes this with GothicHorror.
* Creator/AndreiBelyanin's ''The Thief of Baghdad'' novel has a modern-day Russian man end up in this trope thanks to a genie and OmarKhayyam. Suffering from magic-related [[LaserGuidedAmnesia amnesia]], the protagonist learns the trade of thievery from Omar and embarks on the task of ending the rule of the evil Emir of Baghdad. On the way, he encounters Nasreddin, the Emir's guards, the Emir's entire harem (who are quite happy to see him), and... [[IfJesusThenAliens aliens]] (because, why not?). The framing device is the protagonist telling this story to the author of the book, making his safe return a foregone conclusion. The sequel, ''The Shamer of Shaitan'' has the protagonist being sent back to Arabia (with his memories intact, this time) to take on Shaitan himself. The third novel ''Return the Thief!'' has ancient Arabia once again in need of the Thief, as it is on the brink of war.
** The third novel in Belyanin's ''Jack the Mad King'' trilogy is called ''Jack in the East'' and has the titular protagonist travel to this world's equivalent of Arabia to rescue the sultan's daughter.
* Washington Irving's ''Tales of the Alambra'' is set during the Spanish Reconquista: Arabian Nights Days with {{Badass Spaniard}}s.
* ''Literature/YashimSeries'': An Ottoman [[ChasteHero Eunech]] in the Nineteenth Century and his boon companion, a Polish NobleFugitive. [[TheyFightCrime They Fight Crime!]]
* ''The Desert of Souls'' and ''The Bones of the Old Ones'' by Howard Andrew Jones are set in the 8th Century Caliphate, with generous heapings of fantasy added to the historical fiction.
* ''The Father of Locks'' by Andrew Killeen has a meticulously researched 8th century Baghdad setting.
* ''Literature/TheHorseAndHisBoy'' takes place largely in Calormen, a fantasy culture with a clear debt to the ''Literature/ArabianNights''; it also appears in several other installments of Literature/TheChroniclesOfNarnia. ''The Arabian Nights'' even provided Creator/CSLewis with the name "Aslan" (he found it in a footnote to an English translation; [[spoiler: it's the Turkish word for "Lion"]].)

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* The ''Series/{{Charmed}}'' episode "I Dream of Phoebe" - genie in a bottle? Check. Flying carpets? Check. Men with scimitars? Check. Magical desert city? Check.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Manga ]]

* ''Manga/MagiLabyrinthOfMagic'' draws inspiration from ''Literature/TheArabianNights'', but with more {{shonen|Demographic}} and fantasy elements.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: [[Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game MMORP Gs ]]
]]
* ''GuildWars'' Nightfall's Vabbi

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Pinball ]]

* Played straight with ''Pinball/TalesOfTheArabianNights'', set in a fairy tale land with an evil ''djinn'' and a [[DamselInDistress kidnapped princess]].

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* The ''Arabian Nights'' expansion of ''MagicTheGathering'' (actually inspired by the above ''Sandman'' example). It was later retconned into the plane of Rabiah. Another Arabian-inspired plane called Alkabah is briefly seen [[ComicBook/MagicTheGatheringIDW IDW's comic series]].
* The ''Al-Qadim'' campaign setting for ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''.
* Araby in ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' fits most of the portrayal.
* TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} ''[[http://www.sjgames.com/gurps/books/arabiannights/ Arabian Nights]]'' is about roleplaying within this trope, while some lands within the world of ''[[http://www.sjgames.com/gurps/books/banestorm/ GURPS Banestorm]]'' reflect it.'' [[http://www.sjgames.com/gurps/books/ottoman/ GURPS Castle Falkenstein: The Ottoman Empire]]'' is about a version of the Ottoman Empire, in a {{steampunk}} world, that's very heavy on the Arabian Nights elements.
* ''ArsMagica'', while typically set in Mythic Europe, frequently includes elements of this trope either due to the influence of Islamic culture upon European scholastics and the Fourth Crusade (and Reconquista). In particular, the 4th Edition supplement "Blood and Sand" covers the Levant while the 5th Edition book "The Cradle and the Crescent" details the Arabian Peninsula, Mesopotamia, Persia, and Transoxiana.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Theatre ]]

* ''Kismet''.
* WolfgangAmadeusMozart's ''Die Entführung aus dem Serail'' (''The Abduction from the Seraglio'').

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''Franchise/PrinceOfPersia''
* ''VideoGame/{{Sonic|TheHedgehog}} [[SonicStorybookSeries and the Secret Rings]]'' (''very'' loosely)
* The ''Treasures of Aht Urhgan'' expansion of ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXI'', complete with an evil Grand Vizier who heads the mysterious, veiled Immortals.
* ''QuestForGloryII''
* In ''MonsterWorldIV'', the whole world is a [[FantasyCounterpartCulture fantasy version]] of this.
* ''VideoGame/DokiDokiPanic'' was largely based around this trope. As a result some elements, such as the flying carpets, are also in ''VideoGame/SuperMarioBros2''.
** ''MarioKart 7'' has a track based on the above called Shy Guy Bazaar, complete with VideoGame/SuperMarioBros2 references. It fits this trope perfectly.
* [[FantasyCounterpartCulture Sequin Land]], the setting of the ''{{Shantae}}'' games.
* Arabian Night from ''WarioLand 4''.
* The Gerudo from the ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime Legend of Zelda]]'' series seem to be ''very loosely'' based off of this trope, where the harem girls ''are'' thieves. Also, their king, Ganondorf happens to be the main antagonist in the series, and he happens to be skilled with sorcery.
* The Alin from ''RiseOfLegends'' are based on this trope. Their floating cities are located in a vast desert, and their lands are full of magical creatures made up of fire and glass. There are, of course, genies. Interestingly, the Alin are on the verge of being overrun by the so-called Dark Alin, creatures born of magic fueled by [[spoiler:an alien artifact]]. The intro film shows Alin forces besieging a Vinci city in a clear case of MagicVersusTechnology. This never happens in the game, however. The other {{Fantasy Counterpart Culture}}s in the game are the Vinci (Renaissance-era Italy fueled by [[LeonardoDaVinci Leonardo's]] SteamPunk and ClockPunk inventions) and the Cuotl (a Mayincatec culture using technology given by their SufficientlyAdvancedAlien masters).
** While the Alin-Vinci battle never happens in the game, the ending heavily implies that, with the Alin no longer under threat, they are looking West towards the Vinci city-states to expand their territory.
* ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'' had arab-themed sets for the Demoman, Sniper and Spy (One Thousand And One Demoknights, Lawrence Of Australia and Saharan Spy respectively). Out of the three, the Saharan Spy was considered [[GameBreaker overpowered]].
* Both ''VideoGame/DiabloII'' and ''VideoGame/DiabloIII'' have desert cities with this motif.
* The city of Guera in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyThe4HeroesOfLight'' has this aesthetic.
* Al-Mamoon in ''NiNoKuni.'' Its name even means something like "a safe place" in Arabic (and doubles as a pun on the fact that its ruler is a [[FunnyAnimal cow woman]]).
* The Isle of the Crown in ''Videogame/KingsQuestVI'' is vaguely Arabic in culture, however it is covered in lush vegetation.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* Creator/{{Disney}}'s ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' franchise. The original "Literature/{{Aladdin}}" is nominally set in China, but given the fact that "China" as described in the story is identical to the average Arabian city of the time, it's likely that the author was just engaging in a bit of exoticism.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheThiefAndTheCobbler''
* ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooInArabianNights''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfPrinceAchmed'' takes its main plot from the ''Arabian Nights'' story "The Ebony Horse", and it even has Literature/{{Aladdin}} as a supporting character.

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