'''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_to_pity Appeal to pity]]'''
!!! Also called
* Argumentum ad Misericordiam

:: Attempting to make someone feel sorry for either the arguer or the subject of the argument, in order to convince them to accept the argument regardless of its validity.

--> Sir, you shouldn't fire me, even though I'm chronically late, bicker with all the other staff, and consistently fail to finish my tasks on time, because I have a sick wife and four children and if I lose my job we'll be thrown out of our house and have to live on the street."

!!! Tropes which rely on or incorporate this fallacy:
* Overuse of AppealToPity is one of the reasons why {{Wangst}} and {{Sympathetic Sue}}s only get responded with DarknessInducedAudienceApathy.
* ThinkOfTheChildren, in which the subject of the argument is claimed to adversely affect children. This works not only because it appeals to people's natural instinct to protect children, but because it implies that anyone who disagrees is [[{{Jerkass}} a big meanie]] [[ChildHater who hates children]]. (Note that this itself is a fallacious FalseDichotomy.)
* EvenEvilHasLovedOnes and PetTheDog - the viewer may find themselves thinking "Well, yes, that guy ''did'' hole himself up in a fortified chapel with fifty hostages so he could open a portal to hell with the unholy power of their tormented souls. But killing him means that sweet little girl will lose her grandfather who she loves dearly."
* FreudianExcuse. "Yes, he's a {{Jerkass}}, but only because this horrible thing happen to him when he was a child." Note that a Freudian Excuse can function as a legitimate explanation ''if the author does not rely solely on sympathy''. A Freudian Excuse may instead explain how the environment conditioned and motivated the character's bad behaviour. (E.g. He lived in a CrapsackWorld, WretchedHive, or other such hellish MightMakesRight environment where NoGoodDeedGoesUnpunished, and came to a logical conclusion that [[IDidWhatIHadToDo ruthlessness]], [[RoaringRampageOfRevenge vengeance]] and SocialDarwinism are necessary for survival and [[AmbitionIsEvil self-improvement]].)

!! Examples:
* Researchers have shown that the best predictor of the outcome of a malpractice lawsuit in the United States is not whether there is evidence that the physician actually erred, but the status of the patient and the severity of the result. For example, (in the US) if a newborn has a malformation, the odds of an award are distressingly high, even when there is no evidence that the cause is anything except bad luck. Obstetricians have absurdly high malpractice insurance as a result, and that cost is picked up ultimately by the patients.

!!! Looks like this fallacy, but isn't:
* Can be an AppealToConsequences, arguing that bad things will happen to pitiful victims. See AppealToConsequences for times when that might not be a fallacy.

----