->'''Evey:''' All this riot and uproar, V... is this Anarchy? Is this the Land of Do-As-You-Please?
->'''V:''' [[SubvertedTrope No. This is only the land of take-what-you-want. Anarchy means 'without leaders', not 'without order'.]] With anarchy comes an age of ordnung, of true order, which is to say voluntary order... this age of ordnung will begin when the mad and incoherent cycle of verwirrung that these bulletins reveal has run its course... This is not anarchy, Evey. This is chaos.
-->-- ''Comicbook/{{V For Vendetta}}''

A virtually ubiquitous trope, both in fiction and RealLife, is the misconception that anarchists have no beliefs, that [[TitleDrop anarchy is chaos.]] While anarchy and chaos are not mutually exclusive (chaos is anarchic, although it often devolves into despotism, but anarchy is not necessarily chaotic) such an un-mindset is properly called [[StrawNihilist nihilism, the belief in nothing]]. However, the actual definition of Anarchism is ''the belief that rulership should not exist'' (as indicated in its Greek roots, an- [no] -arkhos [ruler]). There is much division on the extent and nature of rulership, and what it means. Regardless of this division, ''in fiction'', Anarchists (of any stripe) are often accused of [[ChaoticStupid favoring a Hobbesian-style war of all against all]].

This trope can be used as an [[BombThrowingAnarchists anti-anarchism propaganda tool]] when played together with ChaosIsEvil.

This trope is rare/more likely to be averted in Spanish works since a substantial minority of the population formed a highly regarded anarchist system during the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar. Some of them are still living and anarchist organizations are slightly more mainstream than in most countries. They ''are'' still a political minority, though.

In RealLife, most proponents of anarchy are actually quite high on the "idealistic" side of the SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism; [[WideEyedIdealist they genuinely believe that humans are good, and so a society with no form of higher authority or official rules will become utopia, as all people will be able to communicate with and understand each other as individuals and will choose to be good]]. The highly cynical anarchist who promotes anarchy while actually believing that this will result in [[HumansAreBastards the natural savage instincts of humanity]] leading to a society where [[MightMakesRight the weak are fodder for the strong]], and yet continues to do so because they believe that either ''[[OriginalPositionFallacy they]]'' [[OriginalPositionFallacy will be among the "strong",]] or else such a dire scenario is still ''better'' than the existent system, or that the sooner humanity goes extinct the better off it will be, is pretty much a creation of media. Basically, a person who actually thinks anarchy will lead to chaos will probably not become an anarchist in the first place (unless that person is a MisanthropeSupreme).

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!!Examples:

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[[folder:Advertising]]
* There's a pizza commercial for one of those "already prepared ready-to-go" pizzas where a guy walks in and asks for a pepperoni pizza and the girl behind the counter turns around, grabs one, and hands it to him. He says something like "No ordering? No waiting? ''There's no rules''!" and begins taking his clothes off. A voice in the background yells "Put your shirt back on!", which he does, still yelling excitedly, [[VerbalBackspace ''There's one rule!"]]
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[[folder:Comic Books]]
* As pointed out in the page quote, ''ComicBook/VForVendetta'' is actually a subversion, pointing out that "mindless chaos" and "anarchy as a social system" are not, in fact, the same thing. Unfortunately, the peoples' reactions at the end of the comic (and those of [[MisaimedFandom many readers]] as well) demonstrate that not everyone realizes this.
* Averted with the Creator/DCComics character ''ComicBook/{{Anarky}}'', who in one storyline is horrified to the point he gives up his plan when he is presented with reasonable evidence that anarchy ''will'' lead to chaos and will ultimately resurrect the very governments he is trying to oppose.
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[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/XXx'': The antagonists are former Russian intelligence agents turned anarchist terrorists called Anarchy 99, ([[ShapedLikeItself due to leaving their government's service in 1999 and advocating anarchy]]) who want to incite war between different countries by a FalseFlagOperation, creating chaos-ForTheEvulz, apparently.
* ''Franchise/{{Batman}}''
** In ''Film/TheDarkKnight'', the Joker clearly links chaos and anarchy together in his speech to [[spoiler: Harvey Dent/Two-Face]] when he tells him, "Introduce a little anarchy, upset the established order, and everything becomes chaos."
** The primary antagonist Bane, in ''Film/TheDarkKnightRises''. [[spoiler:A subversion, actually. Anarchy's a tool to bring Gotham down, not something he himself believes in. Excepting perhaps the KangarooCourt, he's clearly in charge of the city.]]
* Ricky's children in ''Film/TalladegaNightsTheBalladOfRickyBobby'' appear to hold this view, despite one of them admitting to not knowing what the word means. (And anyway, [[PokeThePoodle the worst thing they do is aim a garden hose through a neighbor's window and spray him in the face]].)
* Intentionally averted in ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'', where King Arthur comes across an anarcho-syndicalist commune of literal mud farmers. They are decidedly non-violent, particularly when compared to Arthur himself, but they are extremely irritating, screaming [[PoliceBrutality "oppression"]] when... Arthur grabs one of them in annoyance.
* ''Escape Velocity'', in which the villain, a renegade SociopathicSoldier, screams "Anarchy!" at the top of his lungs before killing people.
* Averted in S. Andrew Swann's ''Hostile Takeover'' trilogy, set on Bakunin, a world of anarcho-socialists (although the hero is more of an anarcho-capitalist) under threat by the imperialistic Confederation.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* ''TheManWhoWasThursday'': The anarchist organization in the book takes this position. It's pointed out that there's a difference between the revolutionary who throws a bomb to kill a king, and the "anarchist" who throws a bomb to kill ''anybody''. [[spoiler: However, all of them turned out not to be anarchists in the end]].
* As far back as the Book of Judges in Literature/TheBible, we have this quote: "There was no king in Israel those days. Everyone did as he pleased."
* The Creator/LarryNiven story ''[[Literature/KnownSpace Cloak of Anarchy]]'' posits "anarchy parks" with just one rule: no violence (making them the anarcho-pacifist sort of anarchy). Any time a fight starts (or looks like it might start), floating robots stun all participants, who are then separated. They wake up a few hours later, and it's mentioned that the threat of losing part of your holiday is enough to keep most people in line. Then someone figures out how to make the robots break down, so "just one rule" (anarcho-pacifism) becomes "no rules", which pretty much fits the "chaos" definition. It's not pretty.
* The science fiction novella ''Anarchaos'' by Donald E. Westlake plays this trope utterly straight, as the title would imply. He posits a world entirely colonized by anarchists, which breaks down within a single generation into, well, [[ShapedLikeItself chaos]] (in the story the world is named Anarchaos ''by the anarchists themselves'', which seems unlikely). Overall it comes off as Westlake having a dislike of anarchism that he's trying to get out with an AuthorTract, but [[TropesAreNotBad despite that it's a good story]].
* [[AvertedTrope Averted]] in TheDispossessed by UrsulaKLeguin. Much of the plot revolves around Shevek (the main character) fleeing his anarchist people because they've become ''too'' unchaotic, with an unofficial government firmly in charge.
* [[AvertedTrope Averted]] in Creator/EricFrankRussell's short story "...And Then There Were None". In it, an anarchic-libertarian community of Gands (they derive the name from MahatmaGandhi) is pretty orderly, and also utterly pacifistic--they employ passive resistance when the Earth military tries to coerce them.
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[[folder:Live Action Television]]
* ''StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' had the episode "Legacy" featuring the planet Turkana IV, which was the home of a failed Federation colony that had descended into civil war and then lawlessness of the kind generally associated with anarchy. This being Tasha Yar's home world, from which she'd escaped as a teenager, her sister Ishara Yar helped the crew of the Enterprise retrieve two Federation officers whose escape pod had crashed in the ruins of the colony. While things were no longer so chaotic as Tasha had previously described them, Ishara's explanation for this was that the failing government had adopted the two largest political factions known as the Alliance and the Coalition as its emergency police forces, which backfired spectacularly, leaving them fighting over power. [[HobbesWasRight From a certain point of view]], their violent lives in these two factions' underground strongholds were a ''slight'' improvement over the utter lawlessness that prevailed in Tasha's time, when rape gangs roamed the ruins of the city preying on any victims they could find.
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[[folder:Music]]
* The narrator of the SexPistols' most famous hit, "Anarchy in the U.K.", appears to hold no political affiliations, and desires nothing more than a chance to channel his baseless anger into mindless violence.
--> ''I am an anarchist''
--> ''Don't know what I want''
--> ''But I know how to get it''
--> ''I wanna destroy passersby''
--> ''Is this the M.P.L.A?''
--> ''Or is this the U.D.A.?''
--> ''Or is this the I.R.A.?''
--> ''I thought it was the U.K.!''
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[[folder:Toys]]
* ''STOP vs SCUM'': The [=SCUMs=] ([[FunWithAcronyms Special Coalition Urban Militia]]) attempt to create global anarchy in a [[AfterTheEnd post-apocalyptic world]]. As the back cover puts it: "city by city they slice through urban lands, stealing and profiting from the chaos and terror they bring".
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[[folder:VideoGames]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Elite}}'' features star systems with different government classifications, one of which is Anarchy. Anarchic systems tend to be the most infested with SpacePirates out of all of them.
* As hinted at in ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps2'' and elaborated on in the short story ''Rightful King'', ultimately [[BigBad Raul Menendez]] is an Anarchist in the traditional sense of the word; he's against both big government and big capitalism, with the motto of "less power, less problems". Ironically being a wealthy man himself [[{{Hypocrite}} he is part of the so called 1% that the 99% seeks to overthrow]], a good deal of his plan being funded by drug money. If the man does want change, It's certainly ''not'' change we can believe in.
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[[folder:Webcomics]]
* In the webcomic series ''Webcomic/{{SSDD}}'', the part of the timeline set in the future features (among other super-governments) the Anarchist Collective, which sort of [[ZigZaggedTrope goes back and forth]]. Officially, there are only two laws, "do not profit at the expense of another anarchist" (which can be interpreted to cover anything from scams to murder), and "there are no other laws". The officials in charge are referred to as "Advisers" who don't put out laws so much as "suggestions"; you can technically break them without any sort of official penalty, but since the only difference between local police, angry crowd and lynch mob is how organized they are... the Collective does have a rather [[BloodKnight intimidating]] military, not to mention a [[KillSat secret weapon]], though.
** There's also a reference to "true anarchists" who live in the wasteland between cities, taking potshots at passing vehicles.
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[[folder:WebOriginal]]
* This is one of the main pro-democracy arguments on ''LetsPlay/TwitchPlaysPokemon''.
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[[folder:WesternAnimation]]
* When ComicBook/{{Anarky}} appeared in WesternAnimation/BewareTheBatman, the nuanced, sophisticated, complex philosophy of the comic book character [[{{Flanderization}} was discarded]] in favor of a particularly fatuous version of AnarchyIsChaos.
[[/folder]]
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