A character who [[OurGhostsAreDifferent looks, feels, and talks like a ghost]] turns out to be a living person's [[AstralProjection out-of-body experience]]. Common variations include:

* The "ghost's" body ''merely'' lies in a ConvenientComa, but they don't know that and fervently believe themselves to be actually dead (especially if they NeverFoundTheBody). A soul-body reunion in the end can help avoid what would otherwise become a DownerEnding.
* A HauntedHouse turns out to be the one a character always sees in their dreams... because ''they'' are the one haunting it.

A SubTrope of TheReveal and an InvertedTrope of sorts to DeadAllAlong. As this is a revelatory trope, '''spoilers will be found ahead'''.


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* In ''LightNovel/KaraNoKyoukai'', [[spoiler:the ghostly antagonist of the first chapter/movie turns out to be an out-of-body experience of a bedridden, blind girl named Fujou Kirie]].
* In Creator/{{Natsuneko}}'s ''Blue Line'', [[spoiler:the ghost of Yuria's "dead" little sister Yui turns out to be her out-of-body experience while her body lies in coma in the nearby hospital]].
* Happens to Ash Ketchum and Pikachu in the ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' episode "The Tower of Terror" ([[TooSoon which infamously spent a few years off the airwaves due to its title alone]]) after getting struck by a falling chandelier. As the three Ghost Pokemon show them what it's like to be ghosts, Ash befriends Haunter and, after being reunited with his body, asks him to help him against Sabrina back at Saffron City.
* A girl in ''Anime/MoribitoGuardianOfTheSpirit'' ends up this way after drinking wine with a magical flower in it.
* In the midst of all the actual ghosts in ''Manga/PsychicDetectiveYakumo'', one apparent ghost turns out to be the projected spirit of a terminally ill but still-living girl, whose anxiety about her impending death causes her to project her spirit to other people at night while she's sleeping.
* ''Manga/PsychoBusters'': The hero initially mistakes the astral projection of one of his soon to be allies for a ghost. A [[OutOfClothesExperience sexy naked]] ghost.
* A minor character in ''Manga/TheKurosagiCorpseDeliveryService'' uses her astral form to impersonate a ghost to make the inhabitants of an apartment think it's haunted.
* [[spoiler:Koichi]] in ''Anime/DigimonFrontier'' is stated by Crusadermon to only be a ghost. [[spoiler:Since the Digital World runs on NarniaTime, his body back in the human world hasn't died yet.]]
* ''LightNovel/SundayWithoutGod'' has CuteGhostGirl Dee, [[spoiler:however, while Ai initially believes she's dead, she's actually alive, and the reason she appears as a ghost is because her physical body is trapped by the seal over Ostia, the GroundhogDayLoop created by her classmates of Class 3-4, and while within the seal she has a physical body.]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Given how often Comicbook/DoctorStrange uses AstralProjection, this sort of thing is inevitable. As a master of the art, he never mistakes astral forms for spirits of the deceased, and he has to make a conscious effort to render himself visible to normal sight. When he does so, other (non-mystic) characters will often refer to his astral form as his 'creepy ghost.' He uses this effect on one occasion to convince a bank robber he will be haunted forever unless he releases his hostages and surrenders. It works . . . apparently the "criminals are a superstitious and cowardly lot" trope is not franchise-specific.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Harry Potter does this in the Fanfic/{{Dangerverse}} fics
* ''[[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/8990725/1/Sanctuary Sanctuary]]'' is a ''VideoGame/TheWorldEndsWithYou'' AU fic, where it is eventually revealed [[spoiler:that Shiki is in a coma, rather than dead as everyone had assumed.]]

* In ''Film/JustLikeHeaven'', it turns out that Elizabeth (Lauren in the book) is actually in a coma, and the protagonists have to get her 'ghost' back into her body before the hospital takes her off life support.
* ''Film/GhostDad'' involves Creator/BillCosby's character, apparently a ghost, actually being in a coma at the end. His daughter also becomes a ghost after being knocked unconscious, albeit briefly. The ability is said to be genetic.
* ''Film/IfIStay'' features this as part of the premise. The main character is a gifted young cellist who is being forced to choose between studying at Julliard and staying home to foster a relationship with her rock guitarist boyfriend. Then she and her family is involved in a bad car crash, and the girl becomes an astral projection unwillingly while her body lies in a coma. Nobody can see or hear her, but she can overhear conversations between other people, and her choice becomes whether or not she will fight to continue living, or allow herself to die.

* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles''
** [[spoiler:Specifically in ''Literature/GhostStory'', Harry Dresden himself believes he is a ghost allowed to return to help his friends; turns out he is having an OBE while Queen Mab and Demonreach heal his body.]]
** In a previous novel, he used a FlatlinePlotline loophole to create a temporary ghost ''of himself'' as an ally.
* André Maurois' short story "The House". A woman repeatedly dreams of a house. One day she finds the house she's been dreaming of but the people who live there are frightened of her. When she dreamed of the house she appeared there as a ghost. The story was made into a segment of the ''Series/NightGallery'' show.
* This is the plot of Creator/JamesHerbert's ''Nobody True''... at first. [[spoiler: As soon as we get to know the main character properly it becomes an inverted example; he comes back from one of his out-of-body experiences to discover that someone has murdered him in his bed while he was otherwise occupied, and spends the rest of the book trying to figure out [[WhoDunnitToMe who did it]] and why.]]
* Poledra in ''Literature/TheBelgariad'' appears occasionally as a ghost to aid the main characters, having [[DeathByChildbirth died in childbirth]] some three thousand years previously. At the end of the ''Malloreon'', she reveals she never really died at all, but [[FakingTheDead faked it]] in order to carry out a [[OmniscientMoralityLicense vague plan]] to help uphold TheProphecy.
* The ghost in ''Literature/TheTimeOfTheGhost'' by Creator/DianaWynneJones turns out to be one of these.
* For part of Creator/SeanWilliams's ''Changeling'' trilogy, the protagonist is assisted by the ghost of a friend who he thinks he saw die; later, he learns that she survived, but has been in a coma ever since, and is able to restore her.
* Neal Shusterman's [[spoiler: [[Literature/TheSkinJackerTrilogy Skinjacker Trilogy]] (''Everlost'', ''Everwild'', and ''Everfound'')]] has this as a plot point.
* The protagonist of ''Strong Spirits'' fears he's trapped as a ghost when he returns from an astral foray and can't find his body. Luckily, his friend stops the authorities from autopsying the "corpse" long enough for him to track it down.
* In the ''Literature/TowersTrilogy'', Xhea is tasked with dealing with a ghost, Shai, who claims that she is not dead, only sleeping. Xhai initially thinks Shai is just in denial, but soon notices that she is different from ordinary ghosts. [[spoiler:Shai is in fact technically still alive, just separated from her body. She later becomes an actual ghost once her body dies]].
* Subverted in ''Literature/DarkestPowers''. [[spoiler:Liz]] is in denial over her death and believes that she is an astral projection because she can move objects. It turns out she ''is'' dead but activated her PubertySuperpower - telekinesis - posthumously.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Soap}}'' ended with [[CutShort many plot threads hanging]], including Jessica about to be shot by a firing squad in Central America. Next season, she shows up on spinoff ''Series/{{Benson}}'' as a ghost which only Benson can see. But then she finds out she's not really dead, she's just in a coma in a Central American hospital.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** In the serial "Day of the Daleks", the ghosts the Doctor is asked to investigate turn out to be [[LaResistance time-travelers from the 22nd Century]] making "an unstable transfer" into the 20th. (The rebels need a "stable point" which exists in both 20th and 22nd centuries. Auderley House no longer exists in their time, but a nearby tunnel does.)
** In "Army of Ghosts," the ghosts appearing all over the world are actually an [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin army]] of Cybermen trying to come to Earth from their home dimension.
* In a sketch on ''Series/TheBennyHillShow'' Benny plays a man who literally dreams of going out partying at night, getting away from his harridan of a wife. Then one day he's out in the daytime he happens by the very same place he goes in his dreams. Amazed, he knocks on the door. A bunch of women answer.
-->Lead woman: You can't come in here!
-->Benny: Why not?
-->Woman: This place is haunted!
-->Benny: ''dismissive'' Who by?
-->Woman: YOU!
* One of the hauntings dealt with in ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' some time in season three turns out to not be a spirit, but the projection of a girl in a coma.
* At least one episode of ''Series/GhostWhisperer'' featured this; a "ghost" turns out to be a hiker who was in a coma and occasionally flatlining, during which times he was able to appear to Melinda. Eventually he prevents the doctors from reviving him so that he could become a full ghost in order to help Melinda save his brother.
* In ''Series/TheFortyFourHundred'' episode "Audrey Parker's Come and Gone", the title character suffers from a variation of this. Her 4400 ability is to astral project, but while she's on one of her projections, she's murdered. Her disembodied self is able to persist for a little while outside of her body, allowing her to act as a "ghost" who communicates through machines.
* An elderly woman on ''Series/{{Fringe}}'' believes that she's seeing the ghost of her dead husband in her apartment. What she's really seeing is her husband's double in another universe. As a widower, he's having much the same experience.
* In ''Series/{{Constantine}}'' a spirit possessing children and killing their parents for the last few decades was originally believed to be the spirit of a dead child. While it was indeed a child's spirit, they weren't dead. After killing his abusive parents, his soul was unable to stand to trauma and fled his body, leaving it in a catatonic state. At the end of the episode his soul and body were reunited in a high security psych ward where he'll receive some much needed counseling.
* In a 2 episode arc on ''Series/{{Haven}}'', Nathan vanishes into thin air and discovers that he is a "ghost", along with several other people (the show has had ghosts before, so this is not that unbelievable). However, as time passes Audrey figures out that they are not ghosts, instead they are a result of someone's Trouble which can turn people (that she takes a picture of) intangible and invisible.
* In one episode of "Series/TheXFiles", a quadruple amputee was using astral projection to commit a series of murders.
* KoreanDrama ''Series/WhoAreYou'' is an ISeeDeadPeople story about a cop who wakes up from a six-year coma and finds out that she can now see ghosts, who give her help in solving their murders. But episode 13 establishes that she can also see the astral projections of people in comas. That quickly becomes plot-relevant when her old boyfriend, believed to have been killed in the stakeout-gone-bad that put her in a coma, is revealed to have also been in a coma for all these years.
* ZigZaggedTrope in ''Series/TheMagicians''. Penny astral projects out of his body shortly before he dies and becomes something similar to a ghost. He meets another Traveler who did the same thing and thinks he's a ghost, but Penny points out that since they both astral projected, they're on the astral plane. [[spoiler: The waters get further muddied when Penny's body is burned and he eventually ends up working in the Underworld branch of the Library.]]

* In Japanese folklore, a person with intense feelings of love or hatred towards another could succumb to a spiritual affliction known as iki-ryou, the dreaded "ghost of the living", where their soul would leave their body and haunt the person he/she loves or hates, (un)willingly inflicting some curse in the process. (The soulless body would weaken and eventually die if left in this condition too long.)

* In the Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz's ''Dziady'', part II shows a ritual where villagers summon souls from the Purgatory to hear of their plight and help them. At the end, a spectre shows up which doesn't speak a word, and ignores all commands to leave. In part III, the leader of the ritual speculates that it was the soul of someone still living, accidentally summoned.

[[folder:Urban Legend]]
* In a famous UrbanLegend, a woman has a recurring dream where she is wandering around a strange house. One day while she is driving she sees that house with a for-sale sign out front. She goes in to look at and finds out that it is extremely underpriced. When she asks the realtor why, the realtor says the house is haunted, but she doesn't have to worry about that, because ''she'' is the one who is haunting it!

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In the second level of VideoGame/GhostHunter, there are some strange ghosts which the capture grenade does not work on. Later on you find out that they are astral projections of the local hillbillies.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Geist}}'', protagonist John Raimi spends most of the game as a ghost after his body and soul are separated at the start of the game. His empty body ends up being hijacked by a demon.

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* In VisualNovel/{{Clannad}}, There are rumors around the school that Fuuko Ibuki is really a ghost since she never seems to actually attend classes, but she's actually an AstralProjection due to her body being comatose since her first day of high school.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* Tiffany in ''Webcomic/EerieCuties'' Chapter 6 was accidentally stabbed with a sword in the gut and became a "ghost", a little too freaked out to notice lack of visible bleeding. Later a vampire bite ("No sense letting a good meal go to waste!") snapped her back into her own body. Of course, this only means Tiff switched to mistaking herself for a vampire until she was told about the "astral projection sword" at the end of ''next'' chapter.
* In ''Webcomic/PoppyOPossum'' a monastery is attacked by a dragon during a school field trip, at one point a monk checks in on where the kids were hiding using astral projection and is mistaken for a ghost. Then the dragon kills his body, making him an actual ghost.

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/JackieChanAdventures'', when Jade activated the talisman that enables astral projection, she initially thought she was dead.
* In ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'', Jake is being visited by the ghost of his father in a dream, when his brother shows up. Jake is disturbed because of how this means that his brother is dead, but his brother laughs it off and tells him he's just astral projecting.