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->''"The night it is gude Halloween\\
The fairie folk do ride..."''
-->-- ''Literature/TamLin'', Literature/ChildBallads #39

[[AntiquatedLinguistics Hallowe'en]], also known as All Hallow's Eve, is a holiday that has almost ingrained itself into American life and, [[EaglelandOsmosis in turn]], the global culture.

The roots of what we now know as Halloween are descended from two holidays: the Catholic celebration of All Saints' Day, and the Celtic pagan festival of Samhain (pronounced "sah-win"), which marked the last harvest, the end of foraging for livestock, and the beginning of winter. "Halloween" is short for All Hallows' Eve, the evening before All Saints' Day. Originally, in the seventh century, it was celebrated in May or April, right after Easter. A few centuries later, All Saints' Day was shifted to November, a change that originated in Germany before spreading through the Roman Catholic world. The Orthodox churches continue to celebrate it in April, as did the Irish for a time, as Celtic mythology also held it to be the day when the barrier between the mortal and spirit realms grew thin, as they wanted to keep the holiday free from such associations.

Nevertheless, works of fiction (and [[CowboyBebopAtHisComputer allegedly fact-based news reports]] about the feast) have been known to overstate the influence of Samhain on Halloween.

Halloween was imported to the US and Canada in the 19th century, a time that saw substantial [[TheIrishDiaspora Irish]] and Scottish migration to the New World. Back in this time, Halloween in North America was more of a celebration of Irish and Scottish heritage than anything else, much like Columbus Day is for Italian Americans. It was celebrated with large feasts, apple bobbing, and divination games, as well as pranks and mischief. By the turn of the century, the "pranks and mischief" had become the defining feature of Halloween, turning it into a night of vandalism. As a result, the Boy Scouts and neighborhood groups started working to turn Halloween back into a safe celebration, organizing trick-or-treating events based around the old practice of "guising" to redirect the focus of the festivities away from violence. With Halloween now becoming a popular celebration outside of Welsh, Irish and Scottish neighborhoods, retailers seized upon a brilliant opportunity to have a new holiday to commercialize. While there was some commercialization going on before (mass-produced costumes were appearing in [[TheGreatDepression the 1930s]]), it really took off after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and it hasn't stopped since. Sometime around the TurnOfTheMillennium came the emergence of the HotterAndSexier Halloween for young adults, opening up a whole secondary market for businesses to cater to.

Today, Halloween is considered a major holiday in the US, Canada, Mexico (where it has a more Catholic bent, as it falls right before the ''Día de los Muertos'' celebrations), and the British Isles (where it is more strongly influenced by the older traditions, particularly in Ireland, Scotland, Northern England and Wales). It has also caught on in mainland Europe, India, the Philippines, and Japan through exposure to American media.

For televised works centering around the holiday, see HalloweenSpecial and HalloweenEpisode.

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!!In popular culture:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Mentioned in one story arc in ''VisualNovel/UminekoWhenTheyCry'' where Maria loves Halloween because of its association with witches. She wants to go trick or treating despite the fact that it is not a practice done in Japan.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* A disproportionate number of Creator/ECComics stories take place on Halloween. To name a few: "Halloween!", "Sugar 'N Spice 'N...", "The October Game,"
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas'', a stop-motion animated mash-up of both a Halloween ''and'' Christmas movie.
* ''Disney/TheAdventuresOfIchabodAndMrToad'': The "Legend of Sleepy Hollow" segment takes place around Halloween.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The [[SlidingScaleOfComedyAndHorror horror/comedy]] {{anthology}} film ''Film/TrickRTreat'' is based around the holiday, and proudly features many of the tropes surrounding it (including the popular conception of Halloween as an old Celtic pagan holiday).
* The classic 1978 [[SlasherMovie slasher flick]] ''[[Film/{{Halloween 1978}} Halloween]]'' involves masked killer Michael Myers slashing his way through his hometown on (of course) Halloween. The other films in the subsequent [[Franchise/{{Halloween}} franchise]] all take place on the holiday as well.
** ''Film/HalloweenIIISeasonOfTheWitch'' was an attempt to create an anthology series, but poor response scrapped these ideas and the producers have kept using Myers for the rest of the series. The plot of the film revolves around a man who believes that Halloween has grown too commercialized and has lost touch with its roots in pagan tradition, and seeks to restore that tradition by using his toy company and some Stonehenge-powered {{magitek}} to carry out a mass HumanSacrifice.
* ''Film/MeanGirls'' has a scene where Cady goes to a Halloween party. The sluttiness of the women's Halloween costumes is both parodied and exploited for {{fanservice}}.
* A Halloween party in ''Film/NightOfTheDemons1988'' and its sequels serves as a catalyst to demonic activity.
* ''Kenny & Co'' follows a young boy and his friends' everyday lives over a few days leading up to Halloween. That gave the director [[Film/{{Phantasm}} some ideas]]...
* ''Film/HocusPocus'' is set on Halloween.
* ''Film/{{Halloweentown}}'', of course.
* ''Film/{{Funsize}}'', a teen comedy which takes place mostly on Halloween night.
* ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' takes place a few days before, during and a couple more days after Halloween.
* ''Film/ArsenicAndOldLace'' actually takes place on Halloween, although the only real nod to the holiday comes early on when some trick-or-treaters visit (in the daytime!).
* ''Film/LeftBank'' features Samhain as the climactic ending night of the film when [[spoiler:the human sacrifice is performed]].
* ''Film/{{Casper}}'' happens around Halloween, ending at a Halloween party specifically.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'': Harry's birthday is on Halloween. Which is unfortunate, as spirits tend to get restless that night each year. A plot point in ''Dead Beat'', as Halloween is the optimal night to set off the [[FantasticNuke Darkhallow]]. This is justified in ''Cold Days'' as this night is when the world of Nevernever and human realm are at their closest. [[spoiler:The result is the possibility for a mortal to become immortal and for an immortal to be killed this night. Immortals also use this night to recharge some strength by devouring mortals. It was the second or third Merlin who started the custom of dressing as creatures, so immortals would be unsure if their target was mortal or something else.]] And All Hallows Eve does not end at sunrise, but the first birdsong is sung.
* Claire Byrd [[spoiler: the ghost who possesses Lori]] from ''[[AuntDimity Aunt Dimity Beats the Devil]]'', was born on October 31st.
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'' frequently features Halloween festivities at Hogwarts, most notably in ''[[Literature/HarryPotterAndThePhilosophersStone The Philosopher's Stone]]'' and ''[[Literature/HarryPotterAndTheHalfBloodPrince The Half-Blood Prince]]''. It is also worth noting that October 31, 1981 is the date that Harry's parents were murdered.
* In Creator/SeananMcGuire's ''Literature/VelveteenVs'', Autumn is an alternate universe, and Halloween is a very powerful force in it.
* ''The Halloween Tree'' by Creator/RayBradbury takes a group of boys through the history of Halloween as they try to save their missing friend.
* In ''Literature/AmongOthers'', [[spoiler:the dead come back for a day on Halloween]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* {{Halloween Special}}s and {{Halloween Episode}}s, by their very nature.
* In the {{Buffyverse}}, Halloween is a day of rest for supernatural forces (vampires, demons, etc.), who view the whole celebration as tacky. ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' also did its requisite Halloween episodes in seasons 2, 4, and 6, with spinoff Series/{{Angel}} doing one in season 5.
* ''Series/AmericanHorrorStoryMurderHouse'' had the requisite Halloween episode (a two-parter, actually), but notable is how the actual holiday is treated in the show's universe. Specifically, it conflates Halloween with Samhain; it is the day when the barrier between the worlds of the living and the dead is briefly lowered, allowing ghosts to go out into and interact with the outside world. Patrick is able to go out to a [[WhereEverybodyKnowsYourFlame gay bar]] and, for one day, escape his loveless relationship with Chad, Moira visits her ill mother [[spoiler:and puts her out of her misery]], and [[spoiler:Tate is able to take Violet out on a date -- and is confronted by the ghosts of the classmates he killed (who had been stuck at the school)]].
** ''Series/AmericanHorrorStoryHotel'' follows up on this, by having the ghosts of famous {{serial killer}}s (including John Wayne Gacy, Jeffrey Dahmer, the Zodiac killer, Richard Ramirez, and Aileen Wuornos) use Halloween to hold a "Devil's Night" party at the Hotel Cortez, where they discuss their crimes and carry out new ones against the hotel's hapless living guests. The party is hosted by the ghost of James Patrick Marsh, the man who built the hotel in the 1920s to serve as [[HellHotel a massive serial killer lair]], filled with hidden passages to dispose of the people he killed. It's implied that the whole party may have been just John Lowe hallucinating from the absinthe he drank, [[OrWasItADream but then again, maybe not]].
* ''Series/{{Roseanne}}'' was famous for its annual Halloween episodes, and indeed was one of the very first sitcoms to do them.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* Music/{{Helloween}}: "Halloween" from Keeper of the Seven Keys pt. 1.
** And, of course, their name.
* Music/MichaelJackson's "Thriller" is a classic staple of the American Halloween tradition
** So is Bobby "Boris" Pickett's "Monster Mash".
* "Halloween" by the Music/DeadKennedys
* "The Haunted House of Rock" by Whodini is a HipHop celebration of classic Halloween motifs
* "Everyday is Halloween" by Music/{{Ministry}}
* "Do They Know It's Hallowe'en?" by the "North American Hallowe'en Prevention Initiative" is a charity single by a cast of performers.
* "Spooky" by the Classics IV.
--> ''Just like a ghost, you've been a-hauntin' my dreams, so [[WackyMarriageProposal I'll propose... on Halloween.]]''
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/CostumeQuest'' features trick-or-treating kids trying to stop monsters that are stealing candy.
* ''VideoGame/BanjoKazooie'' features a Halloween themed world named "Mad Monster Mansion". You even get to transform into a pumpkin in this world, one of the most popular symbols of the holiday.
* ''Sonic Adventure 2'' features Pumpkin Hill as a playable level for Knuckles. As the name suggests, it's a cutesy-horror themed stage with landmarks such as graveyards, churches, and , of course, mountains shaped like jack-o-lanterns. One of Shadow's (few) stages, Sky Rail, also takes place in Pumpkin Hill, but in daylight; a less demonic appeal.
* ''VideoGame/DeathSmiles''.
* ''VideoGame/HallowsEnd'' is an ''VideoGame/EarthBound'' [[GameMod ROM Hack]] that was made for a Halloween themed ''VideoGame/EarthBound'' contest featured on Starmen.net. Naturally, the plot of the game takes place on Halloween, and the original Halloween Celtic Mythology is a major part of the plot. [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking As well as candy. Lots and lots of candy.]]
* ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight'' takes place on Halloween and features the scarecrow as the main villain.
* ''[[VideoGame/HouseOfTheDead The House of the Dead III]]'' takes place on October 31, [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture 2019]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* The concept of Hell houses is mocked in a ''Webcomic/SomethingPositive'' strip [[http://somethingpositive.net/sp10042006.shtml here.]]
* In ''Webcomic/{{Sinfest}}'' the extent of Lil' E's AmnesiacDissonance is shown at Halloween: [[http://www.sinfest.net/view.php?date=2012-10-31 He goes trick-or-treating as an angel]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Website/TheOnion'':
** A one-two punch at both [[UsefulNotes/ChristmasInAmerica the commercialization of Christmas]] and Halloween's alleged pagan history by asking the question, [[http://www.theonion.com/video/in-the-know-has-halloween-become-overcommercialize,14284/ "Has Halloween Become Overcommercialized?"]]
** [[http://www.theonion.com/video/how-to-find-a-masculine-halloween-costume-for-your,14378/ "How To Find A Masculine Halloween Costume For Your Effeminate Son"]]
** [[http://www.theonion.com/video/how-to-get-your-son-to-remove-his-halloween-costum,30233/ "How To Get Your Son To Remove His Halloween Costume"]]
* IMockery absolutely love this holiday, and all October the site is given a change in design with articles exclusively focusing on the holiday, what candy seems to be handed out this year, impressive (along with kitschy or downright terrible) celebrations throughout America, tributes to old horror games and movies, and the usual antics of the staff getting caught up in the holiday. They have a similar celebration for Christmas as well.
* The Halloween parties at SuperheroSchool Whateley Academy in the Literature/WhateleyUniverse are only a part of a hellish night for the school, covered in two novels.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas'' is absolutely ''drenched'' in the holiday.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' have "The Smurfs' Halloween Special", even though it was actually an ordinary Saturday morning episode set on Halloween, which turned out to be Jokey Smurf's and Gargamel's birthday. A similar-themed holiday called Spook-A-Smurf Eve was celebrated in "Monster Smurfs".
* The WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck short ''Trick or Treat'' has a witch joining forces with Donald's nephews Huey, Dewey, and Louie to get even with him after he pranks them on Halloween.
* The WesternAnimation/BugsBunny short ''Broom-Stick Bunny'' has the rabbit encountering Witch Hazel while trick-or-treating.
** WesternAnimation/DaffyDuck and his nephew encounter Witch Hazel on Halloween in ''A-Haunting We Will Go''.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Beetlejuice}}'': Beetlejuice and Lydia celebrate Halloween in "Laugh of the Party." B.J. lives things up with a Neitherworld product called "Party People In a Can."
* ''WesternAnimation/PunkyBrewster'' had "Halloween Howlers." Glomer turns everyone who doesn't give him a treat into a jack o'lantern.
* Initially, the ''WesternAnimation/DangerMouse'' episode "The Good, The Bad And The Motionless" tells straight away it's Halloween, and that Penfold is carving up a swede.
-->'''Colonel K:''' Good heavens, D.M., I didn't know he could play tennis.\\
'''DM:''' Tenni--oh, no, sir. Not Bjorn Borg, not ''that'' sort of swede. It's the vegetable kind.
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanUnlimitedMonsterMayhem'' takes place on Halloween and features Solomon Groundy (a zombie), Silver Banshee, and Silvercrow.
[[/folder]]
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