->''"Creator/DavidLynch refuses to have his name attached to certain cuts of the film, because many of the final decisions were taken completely out of his hands and he was so thoroughly bummed with how they turned out that he didn't want to be associated with them. Judging by his filmography, if Lynch had gotten his way, ''{{Literature/Dune}}'' would've been [[TrueArtIsIncomprehensible utterly indecipherable]] as opposed to [[AdaptationDecay merely confusing]]."''
-->--'''''{{Website/Cracked}}''''', [[http://www.cracked.com/blog/5-famous-filmmakers-whose-dream-projects-were-disasters/ "5 Famous Filmmakers Whose Dream Projects Were Disasters"]]

Alan Smithee was Hollywood's longest-working and most diverse director, undaunted by the highly variable quality of his work and the fact that he didn't actually exist.

In the movie industry of the past, if a director's movie became the victim of ExecutiveMeddling and bad acting to the point where he was no longer proud of it, he could request it to have his name taken off it, and it would then be credited to "Alan Smithee".

There were, of course, rules about the use of the name -- for instance, the studio would have to admit that they'd wrested the film from the director's control. Directors using the alias were also required to keep their reason for disavowing the film a secret.

Before 1999, Smithee was the only alias Directors Guild members were permitted to use. This was changed because of the parody ''An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn''; a combination of confusion from bad press surrounding the film and the [[EpicFail film's director wanting]] ''[[EpicFail his]]'' [[EpicFail name removed]] (which meant that a movie with the name "Alan Smithee" in the title had to be credited, under DGA rules, to ''Alan Smithee'') caused the name to be retired. Since then, aliases are selected on a case-by-case basis.

Coincidentally, can be anagrammed into "The Alias Men".

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* Episode 3 of ''{{Kanamemo}}'' features a ShoutOut to the name when Kana and Mika go subscriber hunting. One of the potential customers they visit has the name "Aran Smythee".
* Creator/DanGreen is well known for doing voices in children's anime, so whenever he lends his voice talent to a hentai he uses the pseudonym ([[http://www.animenewsnetwork.co.uk/encyclopedia/people.php?id=9354 Tom Wilson]]). This standard practice for voice actors when doing {{NSFW}} work, made by a writers' union declaration. In this case it's a pseudonym ''of'' a pseudonym, as his real name is actually James Snyder.
** This was inverted in QueensBlade's English dub: He, Leina, Nanael and Setra's English voice actors are the only ones who uses their real names in that dub, everyone else uses pseudonyms instead.
* This is a common practice for [[UsefulNotes/UnionsInHollywood union voice actors to use a pseudonym when doing non-union voice work]], not just dealing with hentai or fanservice series. This is the main reason why Creator/SteveBlum used the "David Lucas" pseudonym. Another practice common in video games is ''[[NowWhichOneWasThatVoice not even listing the English dub credits at all]].''
* Japanese voice actors are discouraged to talk about any work they used a pseudonym for, which makes the HeyItsThatVoice moments a lot more surprising.
** Or '''awesome''', as hearing Creator/NorioWakamoto voice Edwyn Black makes '''perfect sense'''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The incredibly [[DorkAge 90s]] ComicBook/{{X-Men}} one-shot ''Team X 2000'' gave a writer credit to "A Smithee". Which is understandable, under the circumstances.
* Referenced in the ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'' miniseries ''Harley and Ivy''; when Harley hijacks [[WhoWouldWantToWatchUs the film being made about the pair]], the director's name is listed as ''Alice'' Smithee.
* Karl Bollers, a former writer for ''ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog'', would sometimes write under the name "Benny Lee". Some stories also had an artist (or artists) go under the name "Many Hands".
* ExecutiveMeddling led Steve Englehart to insist on being credited by the pseudonym "John Harkness" in protest on several comic books, most notably for the seven final issues of his run on ''Comicbook/FantasticFour''.
* The final issue of the Threeboot ''ComicBook/{{Legion of Super-Heroes}}'', which rapidly tied up all the plot threads before ''FinalCrisis'' gave us the original Legion again, was apparently written by "Justin Thyme".
* The writer of the short-lived ComicBook/{{X-Men}} spin-off ''The Brotherhood'' was listed as "Writer X." Most fans believe the writer was either Howard Mackie or Devin Grayson, but no one seems to know for sure.
* The final run of ''StrontiumDog'' SpinOff ''Strontium Dogs'' was credited to an AlanSmithee after writer Peter Hogan was fired.
* 21st-century reissues of Creator/AlanMoore's work on ''ComicBook/{{Miracleman}}'' credit him as "The Original Writer" because he asked for his name to be removed. Not because he no longer likes the work but because he now believes that original ''Marvelman'' writer Mick Anglo was cheated out of his rights.
* The "Vid Kid" strip in the British comic ''ComicBook/{{Buster}}'' was credited to "[[PunnyName Sue Denim]]." Initially this was because the artist, Jack Edward Oliver drew it very hurriedly in-between working on his other ''Buster'' strips and disliked the simplistic art style that resulted, but he kept with it out of habit even after he was able to improve the artwork in the following years.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* As noted in the trope description above, the practice of using "Alan Smithee" ended with ''An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn''. Veteran director Arthur Hiller (of ''LoveStory'' and many, many other films) was unhappy with the film's script and end result, and requested that his name be removed from the final product (and, sure enough, he got credited as Alan Smithee. No, ''really''). This is what led to the Director's Guild discontinuing the practice. Hiller, on the other hand, [[CreatorKiller wouldn't direct another project for more than a decade due to ''Burn Hollywood Burn'''s universal savaging and extremely low box office gross.]]
** The film itself was a LampshadeHanging on the very concept of using "Alan Smithee" as a pseudonym: the titular in-movie director who wants his name out of the film really ''is'' named Alan Smithee.
* One of Peppy's film posters in ''TheArtist'' gives a director's credit to Alan Smithee.
* Kevin Yagher, the director of ''Film/HellraiserBloodline'' wasn't happy how the studio cut chunks from the film and chose to be credited as Alan Smithee.
* Attempted by Tony Kaye for ''Film/AmericanHistoryX'', which was [[WagTheDirector allegedly re-edited]] by Edward Norton so he had more screen time. Kaye, outraged, wanted to be credited as Humpty Dumpty instead of Alan Smithee, which was flatly rejected. This lead to a war of words culminating in a $200 million plus lawsuit between Kaye and New Line, and probably costing Edward Norton an Oscar.
* Smithee's directorial debut (as it were) was the 1969 film ''Death Of A Gunfighter'', when actor Richard Widmark decided he was unhappy with director Robert Totten and [[WagTheDirector arranged to have him replaced]] by Don Siegel. Sadly, when the film was completed, neither Totten nor Siegel wanted to have it attributed to his name. The first suggestion for the name of the fictitious director was Al Smith, but the DGA said that there was already a director going by that name, and suggested Alan Smithee instead.
** When it was released, ''The New York Times'' and Creator/RogerEbert actually praised Smithee's directorial work, though Ebert admitted that Alan Smithee was "a name I'm not familiar with." The version of the review on his website features a footnote noting the inaugural use of the Smithee name.
* David Lynch took his name off the extended cut of ''{{Dune}}'', which was not only directed by AlanSmithee but written by [[MeaningfulName Judas Booth]]. Of course that surname has a [[BlueVelvet history]] with Lynch.
* Ti West, the director of ''Film/CabinFever 2,'' was ashamed of the final result and requested to use the name. The director's request was rejected, since he is not a member of the Directors Guild of America. To this day, West still refuses to take the blame.
* Walter Hill used the name Thomas Lee on the 2000 flop ''Film/{{Supernova}}'' after MGM constantly interfered with the production and editing process (even bringing in Francis Ford Coppola to reshoot some scenes).
* After Takeshi Kimura fell into depression he wrote all his subsequent screenplays, Franchise/{{Godzilla}} or otherwise, under the gender-neutral pen name Kaoru Mabuchi. They were noticeably less well-written than his pre-Mabuchi screenplays.
* As a result of the infamous and tragic HellishCopter incident on the set of the ''[[Series/TheTwilightZone Twilight Zone]]'' movie, one second assistant director had his name removed from the credits and replaced with the pseudonym Alan Smithee.
* Creator/AlanMoore is [[DisownedAdaptation completely disgusted by all the movie adaptations of his work]], and has requested that he simply be referred to as AlanSmithee for anything based on his work.
** For ZackSnyder's ''Film/{{Watchmen}}'' adaptation, Moore was simply uncredited.
* Averted by Creator/DavidFincher on ''Film/{{Alien 3}}''. He was brought in late on an already TroubledProduction and faced ExecutiveMeddling from the start, and wound up seeing the film edited without his participation, but since it was his first film, he informally disowned it instead.
* The film ''Film/StudentBodies'' saw Alan Smithee become a producer (in this case "replacing" Michael Ritchie) - although director Mickey Rose kept his own name on the credits.
* Russell Mulcahy was threatened with a lawsuit if he attempted to petition the DGA to remove his credit from the ''Film/HighlanderIITheQuickening''.
* The movie ''City Heat'' was originally going to be directed by Creator/BlakeEdwards, who wrote the original script - but he was fired (Richard Benjamin took over) and the script rewritten by Joseph C. Stinson; Edwards still has story and co-screenplay credit under the pseudonym "Sam O. Brown" (think about the initials).
* The Bette Midler vehicle ''Jinxed!'' was a TroubledProduction, with among other problems Midler and co-star Ken Wahl hating each other's guts and the Divine Miss M also intensely disliking director Don Siegel - and vice versa (Siegel suffered a heart attack during production and Creator/SamPeckinpah, not the first name that comes to mind when thinking of comedy directors (then again, neither is Siegel), finished the film uncredited; although he recovered, this would be his last film) - all of which led to primary screenwriter Frank Gilroy billing himself as "Bert Blessing."
* Alec Baldwin used the name Harry Kirkpatrick when a recut version of his only directorial effort, a remake of ''Film/TheDevilAndDanielWebster'', was distributed under the name ''Shortcut to Happiness'' in 2007 (six years after the film was made, due to legal issues over the production).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* In the Discworld novel ''Discworld/{{Maskerade}}'', the Opera House has a similar custom surrounding "Walter Plinge" (the real Walter is the janitor).
** "Walter Plinge" is in fact another common pseudonym in London theaters, used interchangeably with George Spelvin (see below). The gag is that the Discworld theater has an ''actual'' Walter Plinge on staff.
* In the Creator/StephenKing novel ''Literature/{{Desperation}}'', the script excerpt from the cartoon ''[=MotoKops=] 2200'' is credited to Alan Smithee.
* Creator/HarlanEllison uses the alias "Cordwainer Bird" under the same sorts of circumstances when a film director might use "Alan Smithee", and has also loaned the name out to writer acquaintances who need an alias for various reasons.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* A special feature on the DVD for the ''Series/DoctorWho'' story "The Invasion of Time" was a documentary about the story's writer called ''The Elusive David Agnew'' was credited as being directed by Alan Smithee, the documentary itself was a {{mockumentary}} since David Agnew was also a pseudonym used by the BBC. Agnew was also credited as writing "City of Death", not because it was a bad episode (it ''really'' wasn't) but because it would have looked inappropriate for [[Creator/DouglasAdams the script editor]] and producer to be credited as writers.
** Creator/TerranceDicks, unhappy with Creator/RobertHolmes's rewrites of "The Brain of Morbius", asked for it to go out under "some bland pseudonym". So Holmes credited the story to [[MeaningfulName Robin]] [[{{Pun}} Bland]].
* The pilot ''Series/MacGyver'' was written by Alan Smithee.
** Also the episode "The Heist." It was freaking hilarious.
* Sonya Roberts's script "Joy Ride" for ''TheOuterLimits'' became "Second Chance" in the finished product, which gives her story and (with Lou Morheim) teleplay credit under the name "Lin Dane." Take off the capital letters and you'll guess her reaction to the rewrites (which may have been mandated by ExecutiveMeddling).
* The ''Series/MissionImpossible'' episode "Live Bait" credits Michael Adams with the story and (with James D. Buchanan and Ronald Austin) teleplay; this was a pen-name for Meyer Dolinsky (who like Miss Roberts also suffered from meddling on ''The Outer Limits'' with "ZZZZZ", although he kept his name on the episode). "Michael Adams" also has writing credits on series like ''Dr. Kildare'', ''Daktari'' and ''Series/HawaiiFiveO'' (where he had several credits under his own name - but not "Flash of Color, Flash of Death", which was the last episode he did for the show).
* Roy Huggins used several pseudonyms when providing storylines and scripts for the shows he worked on in the '60s and '70s (and even on ''Hunter'' in the 1980s), with "John Thomas James" the most frequent.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Magazines]]
* Over the years, ''Magazine/{{Mad}}'' has used several pseudonymous bylines for varying reasons. Names known to be psuedonyms for others include John Prete (or J. Prete), Jack Syracuse, and Josh Gordon.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* Alan also "does" music videos. Among his credits are "I Will Always Love You" by Whitney Houston, "Lose My Breath" by Destiny's Child, "Hunting for Witches" by Bloc Party, "Juicebox" by TheStrokes and "Building a Mystery" by Sarah [=MacLachlan=].
* On the soundtrack album for 2002's ''Trapped'', the conductor of John Ottman's score is called "L. Ton Jon" (a pseudonym for Damon Intrabartolo).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Puppet Shows]]
* While ''{{Terrahawks}}'' is ill-thought of enough that many wouldn't blame the crew for playing this trope straight here, this time it was done stylistically; while all but four of the series' 39 episodes were written or co-written by Gerry Anderson regular Tony Barwick, the scripts were usually credited to a variety of pseudonyms ending with "-stein," often feline-connected due to a major character being called Dr. Tiger Ninestein (example: "The Ugliest Monster Of All" was written by P.U. Mastein). The show [[{{Lampshade}} lampshaded]] this on several occasions, most blatantly with "Child's Play" being credited to Sue Donymstein. Only three episodes eschewed fake names - "The Midas Touch," by Trevor Lansdowne and Barwick (credited ''as'' Barwick for once), and the two-part opener "Expect The Unexpected" by Anderson himself; the only other non-Barwick episodes in the series are "From Here to Infinity" and "The Sporilla," written by Katz Stein and Leo Pardstein respectively (both pseudonyms for Donald James).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theatre]]
* Alan Smithee has a theatrical counterpart. His name is George Spelvin. George Spelvin (or, for females, Georgina or Georgette Spelvin) is also used when the same actor is playing two roles but that fact should not be made obvious to the audience beforehand by the cast list. He first appeared in the 1906 stage version of ''BrewstersMillions''.
** The (probably hallucinating) main character of the play "The Actor's Nightmare" is referred to as George Spelvin.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Referenced in the "CHAIR RACE" teaser trailer for ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid4'' - when we see the back of the Director's chair, Alan Smithee's name is written on it, which eventually drops off to reveal the name of Shuyo Murata. This references how HideoKojima originally planned to work only as a producer ''[=MGS4=]'' (as he planned on leaving the series after ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3'') and hand it over to his junior team, with Shuyo Murata appointed director. It didn't last, as the rest of the trailer shows.
* Referenced in ''VideoGame/WildARMs3'', though in a totally different context. Alan Smithy is a legendary Drifter who leaves signposts with advice all over the landscape.
* In ''VideoGame/StreetFighterXTekken'', [[VideoGame/FinalFight Role]][[VideoGame/StreetFighterAlpha nto]]'s voice actor is credited as Alan Smithee. It's actually DameonClarke.
* Referenced in ''VideoGame/TheWonderful101'', with one of the supporting characters being a kid by the name of Luka Alan Smithee.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Mr. Burns' recruitment film for the power plant, which had script problems from Day One (i.e., nobody read the script), and which ends with Mr. Burns physically accosting Homer for getting his lines wrong, is credited to Alan Smithee.
** David Silverman used the pseudonym "Pound Foolish" while directing the clip episodes. In addition, Matt Groening had his credits removed from the episode "A Star is Burns" due to viewing the episode as a half-hour commercial for ''WesternAnimation/TheCritic'', leading to a well-publicized spat with producer James L. Brooks (who had fought to bring The Critic to Fox).
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'' had a couple of cartoons with inferior animation directed by "Allen Smithee." The episode's CreditsGag was: "Number of Retakes: Don't Ask."
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePebbleAndThePenguin'' was the one movie that Creator/DonBluth didn't take credit for.
* Creator/JohnKricfalusi was so embarrassed about having directed the episode "Nurse Stimpy" of ''WesternAnimation/TheRenAndStimpyShow'' (all he could see when he watched the final product were drawing mistakes and timing errors), he credited himself as "Raymond Spum" on the title card.
[[/folder]]

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