A character goes to make a perfectly polite, helpful gesture, or perhaps simply a [[RuleOfCool cool]] one, and ends up making a rather unfortunate rude or shocking one instead. Maybe someone punching the air or pointing keeps their hand open while doing it, resulting in [[ThoseWackyNazis the Nazi salute]], or someone using the peace sign ends up swearing at the people behind them. (This one only applies to British characters, or oblivious foreign ones.) Alternatively, a clap on the back may be taken as a genuine attack, resulting in the well-meaning character getting clobbered.

Bonus points if this results in a {{Not What It Looks Like}} moment. For Western viewers, {{Bicep Polishing Gesture}} is likely to be this. Also the {{V Sign}}. Compare NonverbalMiscommunication and CrazyCulturalComparison.

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!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Comic Books]]
* A ''ComicBook/JudgeDredd'' story has a man whose hand is trapped in the middle finger extended position. This being [[CrapsackWorld Mega-City One]], his attempts to hide this only make things worse. HilarityEnsues.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film]]
* In ''Film/{{Bean}}'', the title character comes to falsely believe that the middle finger extended is a friendly greeting in the U.S. Mildly NotSafeForWork [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KZdL6VnCxpY footage]].
** The BeverlyHillbillies movie has a similar occurrence.
* In ''RatRace'', Jon Lovitz' character burns his middle finger at one point. He airs it out. HilarityEnsues, naturally.
** [[DisasterDominoes Long story short]] it ends with him driving Hitler's car into a group of WWII vets while he has a Hitler mustache (lipstick smear), a burnt tongue so he sounds like he's speaking German, and he is showing all of them the burned middle finger.
* In ''ScaryMovie 3'', the white rapper puts on the hood in his sweater in front of a black audience, and it ends up looking like a Klan hood. He salutes the crowd, in what looks like a Nazi salute. HilarityEnsues.
* In ''{{Hamlet 2}}'', the main character gets his middle finger hurt and has to keep it elevated in one of those splint-casts.
* In ''Film/{{Airplane}}'', Ted's attempt to get along with some African tribesmen starts well, with him showing the chief how to shake hands. When he tries a "high five" gesture, however, the chief takes offense and punches him.
* In the opening scene of ''Film/LifeIsBeautiful'', the brakes on Guido's car fail, and he waves to the people in front of him in order to tell them to get out of the way. However, his car had entered a procession of fascist officials, and his waving resembled the fascist salute, causing the crowd to [[CoincidentalAccidentalDisguise mistake him for Il Duce]]. HilarityEnsues when Mussolini himself shows up right after, to the crowd's puzzlement.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature]]
* From ''Literature/AndAnotherThing'' by Creator/EoinColfer:
-->''The third runner up in the Major Causes of Intergalactic Conflict poll for the past few millenia has usually been ''Misinterpretation of Simple Hand Gestures.'' One man's "Wow! This pasta is fantastico!" is another's "Your momma plays it fast and loose with sailors."''
* Briefly discussed in ''HelpImTrapped In An Alien's Body!'' in which the protagonist, in an alien's body due to a FreakyFridayFlip, still serves his position as goalie in his soccer game. At some point he notices two other aliens watching off to the side, and they wave at him every time he sees them. He then begins worrying about it, because "Sure, waving is friendly on Earth, but maybe where they come from, it means 'We're gonna kill you!'"
* Also lampshaded in ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'', where inter-species communication has always been difficult. Apparently for trolls, saying hello involves a firm smack on the head, while a friendly handshake is actually an severe insult to their mother.
-->"It's amazing how long it took humans and trolls to work this out."
** In ''The Last Continent'', Rincewind has just [[ItMakesSenseInContext been magically aided by a talking kangaroo to impressively win a sheep-shearing contest]]. The losers timidly try to explain that they can't exactly pay off the bet they made with him, and Rincewind tries to reassure them with a friendly "No worries" type gesture. Unfortunately, he does so while holding the shears he was just going wild with, so it comes off as rather more intimidating than he intended.
** In the Made For TV version of ''Film/TheColourOfMagic'', Twoflower's handbook warns him that making a 2 with your index and middle fingers is rude if the back of the hand is facing forward but palm side is fine. Unfortunately he didn't read that until after using it when talking to the bartender.
** Finally, in the ''Literature/JohnnyMaxwellTrilogy'', Johnny tries to placate a hostile alien by showing empty hands and smiling. The alien returns the gesture... spreading her clawed arms and baring her teeth.
** In ''Discworld/MonstrousRegiment'', a truce nearly breaks down when a troll soldier tries to flirt with Jade by hucking a boulder at the back of her head.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* In ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'', JD tries to punch the air in the "Booyah!!" style to the deaf father of a deaf patient, as the Janitor was making the relay in sign language for them. He doesn't really make a fist as much as... Well, the Janitor calmly says "[[ThoseWackyNazis Nazi salute]]."
* ''Series/{{Friends}}'': Rachel goes to shake the hand of her prospective employer, and accidentally grabs his penis. (ItMakesSenseInContext.)
** Ross also tries to tell his British fiancee "time out," with hand gesture. Offended, she says "up yours too!"
** In another episode, Rachel is ending a job interview when the interviewer leans towards her. She misunderstands the gesture and kisses him.
* ''{{Studio 60}}'': the plastic Santa the show has put up for its Christmas show is supposed to be waving but is giving the Nazi salute.
* On ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', Picard recounts a story in which he tried to greet an alien ambassador with one of her culture's hand gestures, but ended up accidentally propositioning her instead.
** Once, when negotiating with a culture where body language was as important as words, [[Series/StarTrekVoyager Janeway]] almost caused a diplomatic incident by putting her hands on her hips, a deadly insult. Fortunately Neelix was there to pour oil on the waves.
* Happens in an episode of ''Series/FatherTed''. He's ranting about something entirely innocuous, but someone sees him from outside, and the confluence of a small rectangular black mark on the window which appears to them to be directly below his nose, and his repeated hand gestures, make him look like Hitler.
* ''Series/{{Seinfeld}}'': Elaine's boss Mr. Pitt raises his hand in a...familiar way...to indicate to his shareholders that their stock will rise "high". The fact that his upper lip is smeared with ink in the middle doesn't help.
** And wears a riding suit. And says "We WILL annex Poland by the Spring, at any cost!" (ItMakesSenseInContext, I swear.)
** Another episode has George chasing after a motorist that he thinks flipped him off. When he catches up with the guy, Costanza finds the guy couldn't help it: His broken hand was in an unfortunately crafted cast.
** Subverted in another episode, when Kramer saves himself from the infamous Van Buren Boys by accidentally flashing their hand sign.
* Appears on ''TopGear'', when Jeremy Clarkson uses a "helpful hand gesture" while talking to an American police officer during a traffic stop. (Probably not accidental, but then the traffic stop was pure {{Kayfabe}} as well...)
* One episode of ''Series/AreYouBeingServed'' has a mechanical Santa Claus who opens his arms wide to give children hugs. Problem: the arms are stitched to the coat (and apparently can't be cut away without irrevocable damage). So when Santa opens his arms... Making it worse is that the robot also says, "Ho, ho, ho, little boy! [[AccidentalInnuendo Have I got a surprise for you!]]" (Fortunately, the robot is a mannequin under the coat. It still makes Mr. Humphries faint.)
** Subverted in another episode, where Mrs Slocombe gives Captain Peacock the "two fingered salute". Mr Rumbold thinks she is just trying to prevent Captain Peacock from sticking his finger up her nose. (Again, ItMakesSenseInContext.)
* Example from ''Series/{{Community}}'' episode [[Recap/CommunityS1E08HomeEconomics Home Economics]], Annie does a had shaking gesture that is highly suggestive.
--> '''Shirley:''' Shake them in your mind!
* A first season episode of ''Series/{{JAG}}'' had Meg tell a story about how her Italian boyfriend got very confused by the "hook'em horns" sign being made by everyone at a University of Austin football game she took him to. (To many Europeans, the exact same gesture means "I'm screwing your wife.")
* On ''Series/TheGoodies'', Tim (as UsefulNotes/WinstonChurchill), gives the "two fingered salute" gesture when he was actually indicating that he wanted a cigar. Graeme then has the idea of turning his hand around to create the iconic "V for Victory" symbol.
* In an episode of ''Series/{{Farscape}}'', the crew land on Earth and hide out in an abandoned house in the USA. They find a photo of someone making the Middle Finger gesture, and believe it to be a greeting. HilarityEnsues as they go out and meet the neighbours.
* Averted in the mini-series ''On Wings of Eagles'', where one American executive warns his friend not to try thumbing a lift as it's an obscene gesture in Iran.
* Subverted in Sky One's ''Film/TheColourOfMagic'', [[HawaiianShirtedTourist Twoflower]] is seen to be very rich (by Discworld standards anyway) and pays for some accommodation at an Inn. He tries to make the sign for 'two' but ends up throwing the reverse V, the equivalent of "fuck you" in England and Australia. But thanks to paying with his gold coins, the Innkeeper merely stares at him for a moment and corrects him.
* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'': [[NoDialogueEpisode "Hush"]]. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zy5m2hjox4k Buffy pumps her hand up and down to indicate that she will stake a monster.]] [[CrowningMomentOfFunny Everyone misinterprets her plan,]] so she has to grab a stake and do it again.
* An episode of ''MadAboutYou'' has Paul being shown a gesture where a guy sweeps his hand in front of his nose. While questioning what that means with a demonstration, a bypasser with whom he had already discussed before asks "Hey, buddy, you got a real problem."
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Magazines]]
* A story in ''ReadersDigest'' told of an army officer who saw a truck coming towards him with three soldiers in the cab; a violation of the safety rules. He held up two fingers to indicate that there was only supposed to be two people in the cab. A confused-looking driver returned the peace sign as he drove past.
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[[folder: Newspaper Comics]]
* In ''ComicStrip/{{Dilbert}}'', Dilbert became a boss and enjoyed his newfound ability to command his underlings with a wave of his hand. However, they misinterpreted his wave and threw a guy out the window.
** At one point, Wally was sent to [[{{Ruritania}} Elbonia]] and given a quick course in Elbonian culture beforehand. According to the instructor, waving one's hand at someone either means "hello" or "I'd like to see your mittens on my bedroom floor, baby."
* In ''{{Zits}}'', Jeremy injures his middle finger and is told by the school nurse to keep it elevated. After an off-panel "Same to you, Duncan!", she hurriedly adds, "On second thought, maybe don't keep it elevated".
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[[folder: Theater]]
* Dutch comedian Herman Finkers had a sketch on when he tried to gesture to a man in the car next to him that there was a fly next to him, resulting in him doing half a dozen different rude gestures, one after the other.
** For instance, his attempts of communicating to the man that the fly was flying around his ears, and then maybe suggesting what finger to kill it with. It ended with the man being thoroughly insulted and using a handy near-by axe to bash in Herman's tail light. His response? "Is it dead?"
[[/folder]]


[[folder: Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/StarControlII'', a Vux captain will ask you to please stop nodding your head, as his species lacks that range of motion, so to them it looks like you're a mobile corpse with a broken neck.
* The cover of ''VideoGame/Left4Dead2'' had to be redone for certain markets because the finger-gesture signifying "2" was actually considered quite rude.[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Comics]]
* A recent ''GirlsWithSlingshots'' has an envisioning of Chris the Pirate's sweet attempts to speak [=ASL=] going horribly wrong as he places his fingers in an attempt to sign "I love you" but does the sign for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shocker_(hand_gesture) "The Shocker"]] instead.
** Although, on the bright side, that would probably just give Melody ideas.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* One ''{{Pinky and the Brain}}'' story homages ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'', and Pinky explains a bunch of offensive gestures (which are actually nonsense) in the country they arrive at to Brain, who winds up doing all of them at the wrong time because (1) he never even paid attention to Pinky, and (2) he was being swarmed by bees at the time. Cue the awkward hand swatting.
* When the ''WesternAnimation/StormHawks'' visit Terra Wallop, they accidentally discover that extending both hands palms outward towards someone - the typical 'calm down' gesture - means "I am challenging you to a duel".
* An episode of ''TheWildThornberrys'' has Eliza and Darwin visiting a group of chimps, with Darwin telling her she has to be careful about the gestures she makes. Eliza doesn't listen and inadvertently ends up insulting one chimp, and challenging the other to a fight for dominance.
-->''No, Eliza, don't wave!''
* In the ''[[KungFuPandaLegendsOfAwesomeness Kung Fu Panda]]'' holiday special, Po discovers that many of his duties as the Dragon Warrior involving setting up the annual holiday ceremony are themselves very nearly ceremonies in their own right. When he's sampling foods to choose who will do the catering, Monkey passes by and waves hello; when Po returns the wave, everyone ''flips out'' and the chef he's talking to just about swears eternal revenge. It turns out that waving in that exact manner, with that hand, is the ceremonial signal for utter rejection; that the Dragon Warrior has found the food ''so abominable'' that the chef's entire village is essentially kicked out of China in disgrace.
* An episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' had a donkey eat Bart's pants, and he bends over and [[HandOrObjectUnderwear tries to cover up]]...just as an American flag is being unfurled behind his [[{{Mooning}} bare buttocks]]. Bart (and his entire family) are mistaken for traitors.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' episode "Five More Short Graybles", Tree Trunks tries to report to the Banana Guards that someone in town was making a rude gesture at her. When she returns to the scene, that person turns out to be an unoffensive statue - Shelby the Worm was just sitting upright in the middle of its fist.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/LegendOfKorra'', eccentric millionaire/escaped convict (although he'll argue the latter point) Varrick props his feet up on the dinner table. In many Asian cultures, on which the Avatar world is based, showing people the bottom of your feet is considered as bad as or worse than FlippingTheBird.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life]]
* Some people unfamiliar with the BicepPolishingGesture often wonder why the guy is telling his friends "Up yours".
* Raising your thumb is an insulting gesture in the Middle East. Travellers there, avoid giving people the thumbs up sign... and hitchhikers should beware this especially. Several pictures of Iraqis giving US troops the thumbs up were misinterpreted as "being greeted as liberators".
** Another gesture that has resulted in unfortunate misunderstandings is the fact that in the Middle East people engage each other in conversation by leaning in very close to show that you are giving the person your full attention. Unfortunately, in the Western world this is taken as an aggressive in-your-face gesture, which has resulted in American soldiers shoving away or counter-threatening what they perceive is a hostile person--to the confusion and/or outrage of the other.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZiCNVcvls0 Sometimes head-banging can go wrong in so many ways...]]
* In American Sign Language, one quick way to say "bathroom" is to make the sign language "T" (Thumb between the pointer and middle fingers in a closed fist) and wave it gently side to side. Unfortunately, in some countries, that same sign is the equivalent to flipping the middle finger. Double unfortunate if someone asks where your friend went and he had gone to the bathroom.
** In Korea (South of course, silly...) it's almost the same, you only move your finger one to the left. Effectively flipping somebody off in the process.
** Almost the same in the Russian-speaking world, minus the wave, although the middle finger is becoming more popular thanks to Hollywood, while the closed fist-like gesture is being relegated to being only mildly insulting.
** There have been numerous incidents where people were murdered or heavily wounded because their sign language was mistaken for gang symbols.
* The Peace symbol of the first and second fingers, if held up palm inward, is quite rude in England, and the rest of the UK for that matter. (The apocryphal story about archers during the Hundred Years War is involved but untrue.) Palm outward is fine.
** Hilariously Margaret Thatcher accidentally did this after she had been elected as the Prime Minister of the UK. Cue tabloids showing her flipping off the British people.
** Also considered rude in Australia - when George Bush Sr. visited Australia in '92 he attempted to make the peace sign to a bunch of Canberra farmers, and mistakenly flipped them the V instead. Though as the peace sign is made with palm facing inward or outward in the US, he probably didn't understand why the farmers got so angry...
** Also the unfortunate result of some photographs having cigarettes airbrushed out--suddenly the subject's fingers are left in mid-air in this position.
* The American OK symbol (thumb and forefinger touching each other to form an "O") means "you asshole" in several European cultures.
** An example can be seen in the film ''PodPeople'', which was made in Spain. A singer makes this gesture after recording a song, only to then say "It ''stinks''". Doing this became a running gag on ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' after this movie was featured. The confusing part is that he's ''smiling'' as he gives the sign.
* In 1976, Music/DavidBowie created a media stir from a photo where he was waving to a crowd at Victoria Station upon his return to the U.K. after several years. Caught mid-action, the photo looked like a Nazi salute, leading to charges that he was a fascist. It didn't help that then-recent interviews with him revealed that he was fascinated by those ideologies (specifically, their use of propaganda, which he saw as not ''that'' different from how rock stars play to the crowds); he was in the midst of a severe CreatorBreakdown at the time, and the "Victoria Station incident" is still recalled today as a low point in his public life.
** Pick a politician who's been photographed while waving to a crowd, any politician... Folks from the opposing party will find the ones where it looks like the politico is heiling away.
** During the Miners' Strike in the 1980's, a similar picture was used by The Sun (with its usual impartiality and strict observance of ethics and good journalistic practice) to damn strike leader Arthur Scargill.
** See also the [[http://www.snopes.com/politics/mccain/funnyface.asp unfortunate freeze-frame]] from one of the Obama/[=McCain=] debates.
* Some non-American cultures commonly use the middle finger to point and gesture with. Fortunately the fact that they aren't pointing at the sky lessens things a bit if the audience isn't too hypersensitive.
** Some Americans will do this as well, or [[http://productoftheseventies.blogspot.com/2010/07/csonka-kiick-and-sports-illustrated.html if you're Larry Csonka...]]
* If you're a fan of the Texas Longhorns traveling abroad, resist the urge to do the "Hook 'em Horns" gesture if you should find yourself in Italy -- because over there, the gesture is known as the ''cornuto'', and is the equivalent of saying "you are being cuckolded" (in other words, your spouse is being unfaithful), a ''very'' serious insult to an Italian. People have gotten arrested for this.
** The same applies to a lot of Latin American countries as well.
* Depending on how one fingers certain guitar chords, it can look like that person is FlippingTheBird to anyone in front of him/her.
** Similarly, many depictions of someone resettling their glasses using their middle finger (especially common in Japan) is automatically assumed to be a stealth case of FlippingTheBird. The fact that it often IS used that way doesn't help the confusion.
* Turning your glass upside down in a bar. In America, this sends the signal "I am done drinking." In Australia, this sends the signal "I can win a fight with any man present."
* Showing your hand to someone palm first with all five fingers extended and as far apart from each other as possible, also known as the open palm salute or "mountza". It may be meant as a friendly greeting or a hand-sign for the number 5 but, in Greece, it's a very rude gesture, the family-friendly version of FlippingTheBird. It's used to express endearing feelings like: "You just did/said something monumentaly stupid", "You're a complete jerk" and so on. It can be made even ''more'' insulting by using both hands. It may be accompanied by an exclamation like: [[DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything "Take these!"]].
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