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->''"How can I live without my heart? How can I live without my soul?"''

''Wuthering Heights'' (1847) was the only novel written by Creator/EmilyBronte (of 'the Brontė sisters'), and an archetypal example of a Gothic Romance. Has been filmed several times, most notably the 1939 version starring LaurenceOlivier as Heathcliff, while a younger, pre-''Film/JamesBond'' Creator/TimothyDalton played Heathcliff in the 1970 film version. Also inspired the 1979 KateBush song of the same name ("Heathcliff, it's me, I'm Cathy, I've come home...") as well as an [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kqiUGjghlzU adaptation]] in ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus''. And perhaps we shouldn't forget Music/{{Genesis}}' album ''Wind and Wuthering'', which used a quotation from the book's ending for two of its song titles. And let's not also forget that {{MTV}} also did an adaptation of their own with Heathcliff as a guitar-strumming song-writer pitted against classic cello-playing Edgar. And finally, let's not forget Music/DeathCabForCutie's "Cath...", which is fairly transparently based on ''Wuthering Heights'', but in their own style.

It is 1801. The foppish gentleman Mr. Lockwood has moved to Thrushcross Grange, a manor house in the windswept and desolate Yorkshire Moors, where he introduces himself to Heathcliff, his surly, ill-mannered and unwelcoming landlord and master of the nearby Wuthering Heights. Forced to stay at Wuthering Heights overnight, Lockwood suffers a nightmare about the ghost of a young woman desperately pleading to be let back into the house; intrigued, Lockwood asks his housekeeper Nelly Dean to [[FramingDevice tell him the story of Heathcliff and Wuthering Heights]].

Dean's story is one of a terrible, unchecked, all-consuming passion -- that between Heathcliff, an orphaned foundling brought to Wuthering Heights as a child by the then-owner, and Catherine Earnshaw, his spoilt, flighty and wild foster sister, who became inseparable friends as children and later fell in love. Their love, though passionate, was cruelly thwarted, however, both by Hindley, Catherine's brother and Heathcliff's sworn enemy, who resented Heathcliff as an interloper in his father's affections and, upon inheriting the estate, spitefully turned Heathcliff into a downtrodden slave, and by Catherine's own desires for social mobility and class, which saw her marry the decent but seemingly weak Edgar Linton even as she insists that her one true love is and always will be Heathcliff.

Missing Catherine's declaration of eternal love, however, Heathcliff leaves Wuthering Heights in bitterness, only to return several years later having made his fortune elsewhere and determined to crush entirely those who thwarted his one chance at happiness. This includes swindling control of Wuthering Heights away from the now-drunken and embittered Hindley, seducing Edgar's sister Isabella and then treating her in a cruel, abusive fashion once married, and generally scheming to take control of everything that belongs to Edgar and Hindley. Unfortunately, a tragedy occurs not long after that only spurs Heathcliff on to further depths of bitterness, as he determines to extend his vendetta and not only destroy his rivals, but their children...

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!!Provides examples of:

* AllGirlsWantBadBoys: Deconstructed - the love between Catherine and Heathcliff is passionate, but it is also clearly unhealthy and intensely destructive, leading to nothing but the ruin of the lovers and almost everyone around them. Ditto for Isabella's crush on Heathcliff. Also, see DracoInLeatherPants on the YMMV page.
* TheAlcoholic: Hindley, to the point that it kills him before he's thirty.
* AmoralAttorney: A dying Edgar Linton sends for Attorney Green to ensure Heathcliff won't be able to touch his daughter's property. [[spoiler: He was five minutes too late; to Edgar's and Nelly's horror, Heathcliff already had him in his pocket.]]
* AmbiguouslyBrown: Heathcliff's exact race is never explained; he is referred to as "dark" and a "gipsy." All we know is that he's not black-African or white-European - at one point Nelly fancifully speculates that he might be the son of the Emperor of China and an Indian queen.
* AnguishedDeclarationOfLove: Cathy for Heathcliff. Unfortunately she doesn't make it ''to'' Heathcliff.
* AsTheGoodBookSays: Joseph is an abrasive, Bible-thumping Calvinist.
* AssholeVictim: It's ''very'' easy to argue that Heathcliff's successful degradation of his former tormentor Hindley is well-deserved.
* BadassBookworm: Edgar Linton, despite coming across as a nerd and a weakling, thrashes Heathcliff the one time they actually fight. Forever after, Heathcliff won't risk confronting him unarmed, even during the many long, solitary walks Edgar takes out on moors.
* BigFancyHouse: Thrushcross Grange. Wuthering Heights is more of a large farmhouse than an estate.
* BittersweetEnding: After have destroyed pretty much the lives of anyone around him,[[spoiler: he is tired and tormented to madness by the Catherine's ghost and anything that reminds him of her so he let himself die. So Heathcliff and Catherine are finally TogetherInDeath as ghosts. Hareton and Catherine (II) are going to get married and they are now rich.]]
* BrainFever: Catherine Earnshaw.
* BreakTheHaughty: Happens to Cathy (II) after Mr. Lockwood leaves.
* BrotherSisterIncest: Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw are NotBloodSiblings but obviously LikeBrotherAndSister, thus giving their passionate love an additional level of forbidden passion (not to mention slight awkwardness on part of the reader)... See also Surprise Incest bellow.
* ByronicHero: Heathcliff, though he's more a {{Deconstruction}} of one.
* TheChessmaster: Heathcliff
* CreateYourOwnVillain: Edgar and Hindley have no one to blame but themselves for molding Heathcliff into a monster... not in a FreudianExcuse way, but in a morbidly ironic way. Though Hindley probably wouldn't have been so cruel to Heathcliff if his own father hadn't made it repeatedly obvious he preferred him to his son.
** And Edgar is never shown to do anything unpardonably awful to Heathcliff until after his marriage to Cathy, which was justified as Heathcliff was carrying on with both his wife and his sister, Isabella.
** Heathcliff tries to do this to Hareton but fails.
* CreepyChild: The little girl (Cathy as a child) in Lockwood's nightmare.
* DeadGuyJunior: [[spoiler: The first Catherine's daughter]].
* DefrostingIceQueen: Cathy (II) finally defrosts herself [[spoiler: with a little help from Hareton.]]
* DeathByChildbirth: Hindley's wife. The other servants realized Nelly would end up raising the baby because "the doctor says the missus must go" as soon as he was born. Sure enough, she soon dies of a coughing fit. Hindley's wife was in denial about having a "[[VictorianNovelDisease consumption]];" Nelly noticed that even as a new bride, Frances was easily winded and "[[IncurableCoughOfDeath coughed troublesomely sometimes]]."
** [[spoiler: Catherine dies immediately after giving birth to her daughter, but her death is really a suicide by starvation. She has been starving herself out of distress over the acrimonious feud between Heathcliff and Edgar.]]
* DiesWideOpen: [[spoiler: Heathcliff, much to Nelly's horror.]]
* DomesticAbuse: And the depressing reality is that Heathcliff's appalling treatment of his wife is, as he points out, perfectly within the tolerant limits of the law.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler:Heathcliff. What exactly kills him remains a mystery, though]].
* DrowningMySorrows: Hindley takes up hard drinking after his wife dies for exactly this reason.
* {{Elopement}}: Isabella and Heathcliff run away together to be married.
* EvilGloating: Heathcliff seems to relish "[[TheIncredibles monologuing]]" about his {{Evil Plan}}s to Nelly.
* EvilOrphan: Heathcliff. His FreudianExcuse is relatively strong, but at any rate, he ends up a usurping beast of pure spite, and his intentions are just that.
* ExactEavesdropping: Subverted. Heathcliff does overhear a very important exchange between Catherine and Nelly Dean, but leaves in a rage after only part of the conversation, and misses the more crucial piece of information. This leads to his mysterious disappearance and pretty much drives the entire plot from there out.
* ExternalRetcon: There's a sequel to this called simply ''H'', which relates a letter that Heathcliff sent to Catherine; it arrived on her wedding day, but [[RonTheDeathEater that cruel, meddling Nelly Dean]] keeps it from its intended recipient. In the end, it relates Heathcliff's true heritage (brace yourself!): [[spoiler: [[LukeIAmYourFather He's the son]] of [[Literature/JaneEyre Edward Rochester and his first wife Bertha!]] Never mind that no estimation of when ''Literature/JaneEyre'' occurs would allow for Rochester and Bertha to have been married in or before 1764, Heathcliff's estimated birth year. Very likely they weren't even born yet themselves.]]
** [[http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,311219,00.html Entertainment Weekly sure didn't think much of it.]]
* FaceHeelTurn: Played with. Heathcliff's nature is largely blamed on Hindley's bullying, Edgar's class prejudice, and Catherine's seeming rejection of him. However looking back to Nelly's earliest accounts of him, there isn't anything the reader can point to and say he UsedToBeASweetKid. It was "hardness, not gentleness" that made him keep silent. And in one of the first recorded conversations between Heathcliff and Hindley, it is Heathcliff bullying Hindley by reminding him which of them is Mr. Earnshaw's favorite. Certainly while Heathcliff might not have turned evil with better treatment, he came into the family less than ideal.
* FacePalm: Heathcliff "struck his forehead with rage" after hearing Lockwood's raving account of his nightmares.
* GenderFlipped: The BBC created a modern day adaptation of the book called ''{{Series/Sparkhouse}}'' in 2002, where the roles of Cathy and Heathcliff are gender flipped to Andrew and Carol, respectively.
* GenerationXerox: Heathcliff {{lampshades}} this about Catherine's daughter Cathy, his and Isabella's son Linton, and Hindley's son Hareton.
* GenreDeconstruction: of the "poor guy runs away, becomes rich and comes back for revenge" romance genre.
* GenreSavvy: Heathcliff, which gives him an advantage over the otherwise completely GenreBlind cast, save Nelly Dean.
* HeWhoFightsMonsters: Heathcliff fought all his life to get even with the cruel, rich Hindley, By the end of it, Heathcliff is now the cruel rich guy oppressing Hindley's son Hareton.
* HeroicBSOD: Heathcliff has a very energetic form of this when he learns that [[spoiler: Catherine has died in childbirth.]] Specifically, he takes his anger out on a nearby tree. By smashing his forehead into it repeatedly.
* HolierThanThou: Joseph
* HorribleJudgeOfCharacter: Mr. Lockwood, who thinks Heathcliff is "a capital fellow." And Isabella, who thinks Heathcliff is is a good man to marry.
* [[IllGirl Ill Boy]]: Linton Heathcliff
* IncestSubtext: While the world may never know if Catherine and Heathcliff actually are both Mr. Earnshaw's children, the fact that they were raised together as brother and sister adds an element of this to their love.
* TheIngenue: Isabella Linton, who has no idea what she's getting into when she falls in love with the resident bad boy, Heathcliff.
* InnocentBlueEyes: Isabella, who is very innocent of Heathcliff's true nature until she marries him and truly believes he is TroubledButCute. Cathy Linton notably ''doesn't'' have these eyes while she otherwise takes after her father's side of the family.
* JerkAss: Oh so many: Joseph, Hindley Earnshaw, Heathcliff, Catherine, Linton...
* KickTheDog: Or rather hang the dog. Heathcliff does this to Isabella's dog out of sheer spite.
* KissingCousins: Catherine (II) and Linton, then Catherine (II) and Hareton.
** Cathy and Heathcliff are at the very least adopted siblings, and implied to be half siblings.
* LetMeTellYouAStory
* LetThemDieHappy: Catherine (II) lies to her father Edgar upon his deathbed to assure him that she is happy with marrying Heathcliff's son Linton and he will protect her.
* TheLostLenore: Cathy Earnshaw dies. Heathcliff... fails to get over this.
* LoveDodecahedron: Hindley Earnshaw's sister Catherine is in love with Heathcliff but marries Edgar Linton, whose sister Isabella marries Heathcliff, whose son Linton marries Catherne's daughter Cathy, who later falls in love with Hindley's son Hareton...
* LoveMakesYouEvil: More precisely, [[LoveMakesYouCrazy rejection makes you crazy]]. While Heathcliff was not an angel, he was not, to begin with, as bad as he became after Catherine decided to marry Edgar Linton.
** Though Heathcliff being bullied and abused in childhood may have slowly eroded his empathy and sanity. Thinking Catherine (the only one throughout his entire life who ever really loved him) hates him may have been the final straw. Or maybe when Catherine dies.
* LoveRedeems: Averted with Heathcliff, but played straight with [[spoiler: Hareton]].
* MagicalRealism: Implied. Heathcliff is sometimes compared to a [[TheLegionsOfHell demon]], and there are some... ''odd'' coincidences involving ghosts and the weather. Nelly even finds herself thinking Heathcliff may be a demon, but quickly reminds herself he is human with feelings like everyone.
* TheMasochismTango: And HOW.
* TheMeadowRun: From the movie, at any rate.
* MosesInTheBullrushes: Heathcliff is discovered by the Earnshaws as a homeless youth and comforted as a child by Nelly telling him he is a lost prince. In hindsight, this might not have been such a good idea.
* MySisterIsOffLimits: Invoked by both Hindley Earnshaw and Edgar Linton; Heathcliff ignores them both.
* MysteriousPast: For all of Heathcliff's life that we do know, he's still made of this trope. We don't know anything about his early years, to age seven or so, or why he couldn't speak English when he first came to the Heights or what his name might have been before that time. The mystery only deepens in the three years he spends away from the Heights and somehow has made himself so rich in that time that he's bought the house from under Hindley's nose.
* NaiveNewcomer: Mr. Lockwood, who is merely the ButtMonkey at Wuthering Heights.
* NarrativeProfanityFilter: Averts this trope, which was so unusual at the time that an introduction written by Charlotte Brontė specifically praises Emily Brontė for not giving in to the common convention.
* NeverLearnedToRead: Hareton
* NightmareSequence: Mr. Lockwood's dreams while sleeping in Cathy's bed.
* ObnoxiousInLaws: Heathcliff and Edgar are brothers in law and despise each other. Catherine(II) is Heathcliff's daughter in law and they despise each other. Wow.
* OffscreenVillainDarkMatter: Heathcliff disappears from Wuthering Heights for three years, and comes back wealthy enough to be considered a gentleman and be able to subvert Hindley's wealth out from under him. Nobody knows how.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted, much to the confusion of many a school English student.
* OnlyOneName: Heathcliff, Mr. and Mrs. Earnshaw, Mr. Lockwood, and Joseph.
* OnlySaneMan: Nelly Dean; and Mr. Lockwood, to an extent, as he chooses to [[spoiler:leave Thrushcross Grange for London because he doesn't want to be involved with such strange people]] after he hears the story.
-->'''Nelly''': "I went about my household duties, convinced that [[spoiler:the Grange]] had but one sensible soul in its walls, and that it lodged in my body."
* OopNorth: The setting. Most strongly represented by Joseph, a gloomy and sour stereotype with an impenetrable Yorkshire accent that no one else shares. This is mainly due to the accent only being used by the lower classes, since the Lintons are gentry and the Earnshaws of sufficient means to be employing servants. Mr Lockwood notes how Nelly, the other major servant, barely sounds lower class, and she notes that she's "read more than you would fancy, Mr. Lockwood," including every book in the Linton library that isn't in Greek, Latin, or French. Given the mutual hatred between Nelly and Joseph, it wouldn't be surprising if she intentionally tried not to sound like him.
* OperationJealousy: Heathcliff uses Hareton to this effect to try to get his son interested in Cathy (II).
* ParentalAbandonment: Most characters don't have the luck of being raised by both parents and have either a DisappearedDad or a MissingMom. Or both.
** Heathcliff is an orphan Mr. Earnshaw finds in Liverpool.
** Catherine and Hindley lose their mother when they are children, and their father a few years later when Catherine is still very young.
** Cathy grows up without a mother after Catherine's death.
** Linton grows up without a mother after Isabella's death.
** Hareton is orphaned at a very young age.
* ParentalFavoritism: Mr. Earnshaw prefers Heathcliff over his own son.
** A grudging Heathcliff somewhat admits that he likes Hareton more than his own son.
* ParentalSubstitute: Nelly for Hareton and Catherine (II). Later, [[AbusiveParents Heathcliff for Hareton.]]
* PyrrhicVillainy: [[spoiler: After Heathcliff's rivals have all died and he's ruined his and their children's lives, he finds he has no satisfaction.]]
* PickOnSomeoneYourOwnSize: Heathcliff directs his revenge against the children of his enemies.
* TheRashomon: The unreliable Nelly Dean tells most of the story to the equally unreliable (not to mention thick-skulled) Lockwood.
* RefusalOfTheCall: Mr. Lockwood refuses to be Cathy's KnightInShiningArmor, rescue the DamselInDistress, and live HappilyEverAfter with her.
* RescueRomance: Deliberately averted -- Nelly hoped Lockwood or some other gallant rich man would save Cathy (II) from Heathcliff by marrying her.
* TheRival: Heathcliff and Hindley, as well as Heathcliff and Edgar Linton. Linton Heathcliff and Hareton have some shades of this as well.
* SayMyName: Heathcliff calls Catherine's name when he begs her ghost to appear to him when he was told by Mr Lockwood that she haunted him.
-->'''Heathcliff''': Come in! come in! Cathy, do come. Oh, do -- once more! Oh! my heart's darling! hear me this time, Catherine, at last!
* ScrewThisImOuttaHere: Lockwood hightailing it out of Thrushcross Grange as fast as he can once Nelly finishes the story up to that point. He eventually returns to see the BittersweetEnding.
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Hindley and his aristocratic compatriots treat young Heathcliff like scum and a monster. Guess what he grows up to become?
* SelfMadeMan: Heathcliff. And we never find out how.
* [[SheIsNotMyGirlfriend She Is Not My Wife]]: At the beginning Mr. Lockwood mistakes Mrs. Catherine Heathcliff for his wife. Heathcliff is quite amused and explains she's actually his [[ObnoxiousInLaws daughter-in-law]].
** Then, thinking Hareton is Heathcliff's son, he wrongly assumes that Cathy must be his wife. Hareton [[CrushBlush blushes]] and [[AllLoveIsUnrequited he's not amused at all.]]
* ShipperOnDeck: Heathcliff for Cathy (II) and his son Linton[[note]]Hey, we always knew {{shipping}} was evil![[/note]]. [[spoiler:He succeeds through {{Blackmail}}]]. Nelly also eventually reveals she gave Mr. Lockwood such a meticulously thorough account of Cathy's history partially in hopes that he would affect a RescueRomance ending for them. [[spoiler: He declines, but it turns out Cathy didn't need him anyway.]]
* ShootTheShaggyDog
* ShoutOut: Emily Brontė was well read and alludes to a number of different works in her novel. Most notable might be "Literature/BeautyAndTheBeast," where a father returns home after a long trip bearing a gift for his children, only that gift brings sorrow to the family.
* SlapSlapKiss:
** Catherine (II) and Hareton
** Catherine (I) physically slapped Edgar. He proposes soon after. May not be a true example as Catherine was in love with someone else.
* ShadowArchetype: Heathcliff for Edgar Linton
* StockholmSyndrome: Heathcliff brags to Nelly about how successfully he's done this to Hareton.
* SugarAndIceGuy: Mr. Lockwood. Not to any of the other characters, but he describes himself as a misanthropist, and notes that he has never been able to express his love verbally, and even drove away a woman he loved because of this.
* SurpriseIncest: Implied with Catherine (I) and Heathcliff, at least for some readers. There are hints that Heathcliff might be Mr. Earnshaw's illegitimate son: Mr. Earnshaw just ''happens'' to find this orphan on the streets. The streets of the town he just ''happens'' to visit on a regular basis, leaving the rest of his family squarely at home. And Mrs. Earnshaw just ''happens'' to take an instant loathing to Heathcliff the minute he enters their house. The 1970 version with Timothy Dalton certainly believed it was no coincidence.
* SurroundedByIdiots: Poor Nelly was fully aware she was eventually the only sane person (possibly literally) left in Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange.
* SympathyForTheDevil:
** Nelly constantly demonstrates pity as well as contempt for Heathcliff.
** The same goes for Catherine (I) as well, though more contempt and less pity in this case.
* TallDarkAndSnarky: Heathcliff is a {{Deconstruction}}, lacking the heart of gold and being "redeemed by the love of a good woman" typically associated with the character.
* TogetherInDeath: The aforementioned BittersweetEnding implies that Heathcliff and Catherine are reunited as ghosts after death.
* UnreliableNarrator: Nelly is clearly prejudiced and demonstrates a surprising lack of empathy for most of the central characters, this bias being reflected in her account of the events.
* VillainProtagonist: Heathcliff. At the end of the day, this is his story.
* VillainousBreakdown: [[spoiler:Heathcliff after he notices Cathy (II) and Hareton falling in love]].
* WasItReallyWorthIt: No matter how complete Heathcliff's revenge is, it can never last beyond his death.
* WeaponOfChoice: Hindley carries "a curiously constructed pistol, having a double-edged spring knife attached to the barrel."
** AwesomeButImpractical: During a struggle with Heathcliff, [[spoiler:the gun goes off and digs the blade into Hindley's wrist, cutting the artery. If it weren't for Heathcliff's quick thinking, he would've bled out.]]
* WildChild: Heathcliff and Catherine (at least before she meets the Lintons and cleans up). Hareton becomes one after being left without a reasonable ParentalSubstitute.
* WhosYourDaddy: Some readers have debated whether or not Catherine Linton [[spoiler:is in fact the biological child of Heathcliff and Catherine]], due to the close timing of his return to the Heights and her conception. However the book mentions the strong resemblance between Cathy II and Edgar, making this unlikely.
** The bigger question: Is Heathcliff the first Mr. Earnshaw's son?
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