[[caption-width-right:350:1922 First Edition Cover]]

->''"It is the book to which all of us are indebted and none of us can escape"''.

Creator/JamesJoyce's book, his second novel, was first published in serialized form from 1918 to 1920, then collected in book form and republished in 1922. The actual ''story'' can be jotted on the back of a matchbox. Taking place in a single day - June 16th 1904 - in [[TheCity Dublin]], ''Ulysses'' follows the daily routine of three people: young and jaded would-be artist Stephen Dedalus, passive outsider Leopold Bloom, and his sensual, unfaithful wife Molly. As Stephen and Leopold wander the streets of Dublin, Molly lies in bed all day and cheats on her husband. Eventually, Leopold saves Stephen from a beating at the hands of British soldiers and invites him home to recuperate. Stephen visits his home, but declines to stay the night and Leopold joins Molly in bed.

The End.

The treat of the novel is in its style and the rendering of the characters in remarkable detail, often using their direct InnerMonologue, or having their style of thought influence the third-person perspective. Their meals, visits to the bathroom, work, affairs, prejudices, fantasies, are all recorded. ''Nothing'' is spared. Every chapter mimics, parallels and/or parodies a section of Creator/{{Homer}}'s ''[[Literature/TheOdyssey Odyssey]]'' (for example, Ulysses' battle with the Cyclops becomes the Jewish Leopold debating religion and politics with a raving, bigoted nationalist with a glass eye). Every chapter is also a literary experiment, where Joyce breaks every rule of novel writing.

As of this writing, the novel has been adapted to film twice, [[PragmaticAdaptation with varying degrees of faithfulness]]. American filmmaker Joseph Strick directed the first adaptation in 1967, which won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. Irish filmmaker Sean Walsh also directed a loose adaptation called ''Bloom'' in 2003, just in time for the centennial of Bloomsday; boasting an all-Irish cast, the film featured Stephen Rea (of ''Film/TheCryingGame'' and ''Film/VForVendetta'' fame) as Leopold Bloom, and Hugh O'Connor (best know as young Christy Brown in ''Film/MyLeftFoot'') as Stephen Dedalus. Tropers of [[TheEighties the '80s]] also might remember the BBC documentary series ''Ten Great Writers of the Modern World'', which dramatized several key scenes from the novel for its episode on Creator/JamesJoyce.[[note]] Memorably, the episode featured Creator/PatriciaQuinn (Magenta from ''Film/TheRockyHorrorPictureShow'') in a cameo as Bella Cohen the brothel madam[[/note]]

The full novel is public domain, and can be found [[http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/4300 here]].
!!''Ulysses'' uses the following tropes:
%% * ADateWithRosiePalms: On a public beach, no less.
* AbusiveParents: Simon Dedalus: neglectful drunk (based on Joyce's own Dad).
* AffectionateParody: The Oxen of The Sun chapter, which spoofs the styles of Creator/JonathanSwift, Daniel Defoe and Creator/CharlesDickens amongst others.
* AllJewsAreCheapskates: Played straight in-universe, but subverted for the reader, with Bloom. Early in the book he makes a chance remark to an acquaintance, Flynn, who mistakenly interprets it as a racing tip. Flynn bets on the horse, which wins. Later, Bloom is in a pub and when he goes out for a moment, another character (who's heard from Flynn about Bloom's supposed racing tip) says that Bloom's won a pile of money at the races and must have gone to collect it. When Bloom returns and doesn't stand everyone a round of drinks, it's assumed that, being Jewish, he's being a cheapskate, causing mayhem to break out. In fact, Bloom is seen to be generous with money and completely oblivious of the whole business with the horse.
* AntiHero: Leopold Bloom. While he is very pleasant, nothing about him is classically ''heroic''. This was of course Joyce's intention: in the modern world, one has to be as smart and wily as Odysseus to make it through a single day with health and sanity intact.
* AuthorAvatar: Stephen Dedalus. Joyce's first book (which centered around Stephen) wasn't called ''Literature/APortraitOfTheArtistAsAYoungMan'' for nothing, though Joyce is very critical of his avatar. Also worthy of note is the enigmatic man in the brown mackintosh.[[note]]Creator/VladimirNabokov argued in his lecture on ''Ulysses'' that the man in the mackintosh is Joyce making a CreatorCameo in his own book, but the evidence is inconclusive.[[/note]]
* AwfulWeddedLife: Martin Cunningham is said to have this. Averted with Bloom and Molly. [[spoiler: Although she's carrying on with Boylan, in her final monologue she decides that Bloom is the better man and that she's going to stick with him.]]
* TheBardOnBoard: Scylla and Charybdis implies a connection between Bloom & Stephen and Hamlet & his father. Things get significantly more complex when Joyce compares Bloom to Shakespeare himself, and Molly to Shakespeare's wife, Anne Hathaway. Then he compares Stephen to Shakespeare & Hamlet, Hamlet to Shakespeare & his dead son Hamnet (through Stephen's Shakespeare Theory) and Hamnet to Bloom's dead son Rudy.
* BeigeProse: Dropped in, as if from nowhere, late in ''Ulysses'', a conversation done in the style of a catechism (question-and-answer enquiry used in Church).
* BigYes: The very last word, as Molly recalls when she accepted Leopold's proposal.
* BombThrowingAnarchist: Averted. Leopold expresses anarchist views, but is unlike this trope being a mild mannered person. However, this trope may be connected to Leopold's fear of his views being discovered. If he were seen as this trope, he would be in peril.
* BreadEggsMilkSquick: Gerty [=McDowell=]'s narration has a tendency to fall into this.
-->Her figure was slight and graceful, inclining even to fragility but those iron jelloids she had been taking of late had done her a world of good much better than the Widow Welch's female pills and she was much better of those discharges she used to get and that tired feeling.
* TheCity: Joyce claimed that if it was destroyed you could ''rebuild'' Dublin from the detail in ''Ulysses''.
%% * CountryMatters: Complete with related wordplay.
* CovertPervert: Leopold does not come across as a pervert, but see the headings under ADateWithRosiePalms and the PeepingTom. Leopold is also a transvestite in the sense that UsefulNotes/SigmundFreud used the word.
* CreatorProvincialism: All of Joyce's work is set in Dublin or the surrounding area.
* {{Deconstruction}}: Novels as an art form, and English as a language.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: The riffs on Creator/{{Homer}}'s ''Literature/TheOdyssey''.
* TheEveryman: [[{{Deconstruction}} Deconstructed]]. Bloom has some ''weird'' trains of thought.
%% * EvilBrit: The soldiers in ''Circe''.
* FanDisservice: Federal Judge John M Woolsey, in a test case brought by Joyce's publisher in an attempt to get ''Ulysses'' imported legally into the USA, ruled that the book wasn't obscene because "whilst in many places the effect of ''Ulysses'' on the reader undoubtedly is somewhat emetic, nowhere does it tend to be an aphrodisiac." Woolsey's ruling is contained in the introductory section of most editions of the book. While it is somewhat explicit, the very frank and unusual way sexuality is presented would bother most readers who read the entire book.
* FoodPorn: Deconstructed in the ''Lestrygonians'' chapter, where Bloom is hungry and is constantly thinking about food, but can't bring himself to eat in Burton's because he's disgusted by the sight of all the other diners munching away. When Bloom finally gets something to eat, Joyce makes a cheese sandwich and a glass of wine seem like the most delicious lunch ever.
* TheGadfly: Stephen is absolutely this in the library chapter. After outlining, at great length in the most elliptical possible way, his theory that Shakespeare wrote ''Hamlet'' as a response to his wife's infidelity, he's asked straight out if he believes his own theory. He says "No."
* GenderBender: In one of Bloom's masochist fantasies, he is turned into a woman and raped by the Brothel Madam, who has turned into a male ringmaster.
* GenreRoulette: the ''Circe'' chapter is written as a play, ''Ithaca'' like a catechism, ''Aeolus'' like a newspaper column, and the final chapter is a punctuation free list of the thoughts going through Molly's mind as she has tries to fall asleep next to her husband. There are too many examples to list here.
* GrossOutShow: the book doesn't need pictures to gross out its readers. Frequently.
--> "—O, the night in the Camden hall when the daughters of Erin had to lift their skirts to step over you as you lay in your mulberrycoloured, multicoloured, multitudinous vomit!"
* GuideDangIt: [[RunningGag A rare literary example.]] Spoilers and annotations are often necessary to get what the hell is going on, especially in the eye-watering "Oxen of the Sun".
%% * HeroicBystander: Bloom is this to Stephen, during Stephen's encounter with the British soldiers.
* HyperlinkStory: The famous "wandering rocks" section (Chapter 10 of Book 2) is a series of vignettes that briefly looks at various supporting and side characters (including some from ''Literature/{{Dubliners}}''). The novel has a whole is very much about Leopold, Stephen and Molly but this section influenced and inspired attempts to do novel-length attempts at an ensemble cast, most notably John Dos Passos' ''USA Trilogy''.
* HypocriticalHumour: The Citizen's enraged response to Bloom's remark "Christ was a jew like me":
-->'''Citizen''': By Jesus, I'll crucify him so I will.
* InnocentBigot: Played with throughout the book, with almost all the male characters displaying various kinds of more or less kneejerk anti-Semitism in the presence of Bloom, who's Jewish and too polite to call them on it. The most notable aversion (and even then it's only partial) is with Martin Cunningham, who when the others are mocking a Jewish guy they've spotted in the street, at first joins in and then remembers who he's sharing a cab with:
--> —We have all been there, Martin Cunningham said broadly.\\
His eyes met Mr Bloom's eyes. He caressed his beard, adding:\\
—Well, nearly all of us.
* IrishmanAndAJew: Played straight, and also subverted in the case of Bloom, who's both Irish and Jewish, although some of the less sympathetic characters regard him as the latter rather than the former.
* JerkassHasAPoint: The Citizen is an anti-semitic bully, but he takes genuine pride in the skill of Irish craftspeople and the positive achievements of Irish history. If he weren't such a jerk, it'd be inspiring:
-->'''Citizen''': And our potteries and textiles, the finest in the whole world! And our wool that was sold in Rome in the time of Juvenal and our flax and our damask from the looms of Antrim and our Limerick lace, our tanneries and our white flint glass down there by Ballybough and our Huguenot poplin that we have since Jacquard de Lyon and our woven silk and our Foxford tweeds and ivory raised point from the Carmelite convent in New Ross, nothing like it in the whole wide world. Where are the Greek merchants that came through the pillars of Hercules, the Gibraltar now grabbed by the foe of mankind, with gold and Tyrian purple to sell in Wexford at the fair of Carmen? Read Tacitus and Ptolemy, even Giraldus Cambrensis. Wine, peltries, Connemara marble, silver from Tipperary, second to none, our farfamed horses even today, the Irish hobbies, with king Philip of Spain offering to pay customs duties for the right to fish in our waters.
** Shortly afterwards, the Jerkass narrator of the same chapter notices a story in the paper about a lynching in Georgia, USA, which he responds to with disgust:
-->'''Narrator''': A lot of Deadwood Dicks in slouch hats and they firing at a Sambo strung up in a tree with his tongue out and a bonfire under him. Gob, they ought to drown him in the sea after and electrocute and crucify him to make sure of their job.
* JewsLoveToArgue: Almost entirely averted with Bloom, who hates confrontation; except just once, when he [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome calls the Citizen on his anti-semitism]].
* JigsawPuzzlePlot: Debatable. The actual plot is fairly straightforward, but we get so much insight into the minds of the characters and the themes and allusions are just so ''dense'' that the reader can draw an almost infinite number of connections and interpretations from the novel.
* JockDadNerdSon: Stephen Dedalus and his father Simon have this relationship, made more fraught by Simon's ItsAllAboutMe tendencies. Simon isn't a classic Jock in that although he was a sportsman as a young man he's also a very fine singer, but he's overfond of going on and on about his glorious youth and he's a terrible dad.[[note]]Subverted inasmuch as we know this about them chiefly because of Joyce's previous novel ''A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man'', which shows their relationship in much more detail. Although they both appear in ''Ulysses'', they never run into each other.[[/note]]
* KangarooCourt: Bloom fantasies being 'tried' by all the women he has ever lusted after.
%% * KavorkaMan: Blazes Boylan.
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall: In the last Chapter, Molly thinks "O Jamesy let me up out of this pooh" and may be referring to James Joyce. Or something else. It's not really explained.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: Most of them only mentioned once explicitly, and then brush into the narrative several hundred pages later, usually in a completely different presentation.
* MadArtist: Carl Jung read the book and concluded that Joyce was schizophrenic. Joyce retaliated by calling Jung an incompetent psychologist[[note]]especially since he failed to treat his daughter Lucia who he had brought to him[[/note]].
* MeaningfulName:
** Stephen Dedalus is named for Daedalus, the legendary craftsman of Myth/ClassicalMythology who built the labyrinth and sculpted Icarus' wax wings; he's creative by nature, and [[MostWritersAreWriters dreams of devoting himself to the craft of writing]].
** Leopold Bloom shares a first name with Leopold Von Sacher-Masoch, the namesake of the term "masochism" (which is lampshaded when he's shown perusing his writings); he's timid and submissive by nature, and strongly hinted to have masochistic tendencies. "Bloom" also evokes a harmless flower in its prime, hinting at his NiceGuy tendencies.
* {{Mind Screw}}: The ''Circe'' chapter where Bloom roams the red light district, hallucinating.
* NoPunctuationPeriod: The entire final chapter contains only three punctuation marks.
* NobodyPoops: A famous aversion. ''Ulysses'' depicts '''every''' aspect of an average day in Dublin, including the main characters' trips to the bathroom. Bloom is described defecating in his outhouse at the end of "Calypso", he and Stephen both urinate in his yard in "Ithaca", and Molly is heavily implied to be urinating in her chamberpot at one point during her famous soliloquy. None of those sequences are actually relevant to the plot; they just add more detail to the characters' world.
* {{Oireland}}: Every cliche is averted, except for the ones Joyce [[TruthInTelevision confirms]].
* OnlySaneMan: Usually Bloom, but Martin Cunningham becomes this in the ''Cyclops'' episode where Bloom lets himself get into an increasingly vicious argument with the Citizen.
* OutlivingOnesOffspring:
** Leopold is still grieving for the death of his son Rudy, who died years ago. He and Molly have a daughter Milly who has left home to study photography leaving them alone and childless. His marriage to Molly became strained after the loss of their boy, they haven't had sex for ten years. [[spoiler:In the Night-Town episode, he briefly hallucinates seeing Rudy]].
** In one episode, Stephen discusses Creator/WilliamShakespeare with his friends and expresses his belief that ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' was written by Shakespeare as an outlet of grief for the death of his only son, Hamnet Shakespeare.
* ParentalSubstitute [=/=] ReplacementGoldfish: Stephen Dedalus becomes this [[spoiler:for Bloom, especially after he rescues him from some thugs]].
* {{Parody}}: The ''Oxen of the Sun'' episode is written as a series of parodies of different authors, beginning with ritual chanting and imitations of direct translation from the Latin via parodies of writers from Creator/GeoffreyChaucer to Thomas Carlyle all the way down to early 20th century [[BigApplesauce Bowery]] slang. [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome In chronological order.]]
* ThePeepingTom: One of Leopold's hallucinations in the Circe chapter involves him watching Molly and her boyfriend through a keyhole. It is not a real event, and in the hallucination the couple is willing. But, this qualifies as a zigzag of this trope because it implies Leopold does have a desire to be a peeping Tom.
%% * PinkElephants: The whole of the Circe chapter.
* PowerFantasy: Bloom has a ''very'' long one in Circe, which, like his other fantasies, eventually descends into a NightmareSequence.
* PrecisionFStrike: The thuggish British soldiers who attack a drunk Stephen. Incidentally, ''Ulysses'' is the first work of "serious" literature to use the F-word[[note]]It was found in pornographic and pulp works but literary critics felt profanity such as this was out of place in works of TrueArt. Joyce totally changed the game[[/note]].
* PurpleProse: On purpose in the antepenultimate chapter. Justified because it's the early morning and the characters have been on their feet all day, so the prose style is correspondingly filled with tired cliches and rambling sentences.
* RealPlaceBackground: Joyce claimed that if Dublin was destroyed you could ''rebuild'' it from the detail provided in this book. For his research, Joyce looked at phone directories, old maps and pestered his friends for information about Dublin for him to use in his books, making it a highly researched and detailed portrayal of the city.
* TheReveal: In Nausicaa, when we find out [[spoiler: Gerty is lame in one leg]], to poignant effect (although it's also pretty funny, as Bloom has been leching on her for several pages and he now feels more than usually guilty about it.)
* RiddleForTheAges: The identity of the Man in the Macintosh.
%% * RuleOfSymbolism: In spades.
* SatiatingSandwich: Bloom's lunchtime Gorgonzola sandwich is this for him.
* ShoutOut: To almost every major novelist and poet in the history of Western literature.
* SirSwearsALot: Private Carr, the soldier who punches Stephen.
-->'''Private Carr''': I'll wring the neck of any fucking bastard says a word against my bleeding fucking king.
%% * SliceOfLife: Possibly the ultimate example of this trope.
* TheSnarkKnight: Stephen lives this trope with a vengeance; he's so snarky that he can't even be bothered to snark ''out loud'', preferring to do it in his InnerMonologue. As the book continues and his alcohol intake increases, he loosens up and starts [[DidIJustSayThatOutLoud speaking his mind]], climaxing when his snarkery [[spoiler: offends a [[CantHoldHisLiquor drunk]] British soldier so much that the soldier [[PoliceBrutality knocks him down]], thus attracting the attention of the local police - but then Bloom, who Stephen hardly knows, steps in and defuses the situation, resulting in a CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming]].
* SmallReferencePools: Averted. In a ''big'' way. The scope and quantity of Joyce's references is so vast that there are guides available to help the reader decipher them all; none is definitive, but Don Gifford's ''Ulysses Annotated'' is the most complete, and it's longer than ''Ulysses'' itself. In particular, ''Ulysses'''s period detail (Joyce started writing it around 10 years after the novel is set) is extremely accurate and the novel contains thousands of references to popular culture at the time, as well as to practically the entire Western literary canon, the Bible, Irish, British and Biblical history and tradition, slang, technical terms, geography, art, music, philosophy, mythology, theology, physics, chemistry, biology, botany, rhetoric, politics, economics, philology, etymology and medicine. There are also tons of references to the characters' lives, thoughts and experiences, most of which are never explained.
* TheSoCalledCoward: Bloom hates violence and confrontation, and spends most of the book deliberately not calling people out on various kinds of {{Jerkass}} behaviour. But then a guy he barely knows (Stephen) gets into an argument with two drunk and very aggressive British soldiers, and instead of running away Bloom steps up and tries to defuse the situation. When the soldier punches Stephen to the ground, Bloom gets thoroughly pissed off:
-->'''Bloom''': [''angrily''] You hit him without provocation. I'm a witness. Constable, take his regimental number.
* SpiritualSequel: It carries on from ''Literature/APortraitOfTheArtistAsAYoungMan'', and it's considered a necessary primer for ''Literature/FinnegansWake''.
* StylisticSuck: ''Nausicaa'', narrated by a drippy teenage girl, acts as a TakeThat to [[TastesLikeDiabetes slushy]] romance novels. But there's a twist, in that WordOfGod says that it's Gertie's own narration; she would love for her life to be a romantic novel, but throughout her narration, reality keeps breaking in (as evidenced by her [[DeadpanSnarker snarkish]] asides about her friends) and the occasional gritty detail about her own health problems. She is more in control of her own fantasies than she is usually given credit for.
** Also ''Eumaeus'', set in and around the cabman's shelter in the middle of the night; the style is deliberately sloppy and rambling because Stephen and Bloom are both exhausted after a long day.
* TakeThat: Privates Carr and Compton, the two drunken British soldiers who confront and assault Stephen Dedalus in the "Circe" episode, are named after two British consular officials in Zurich Joyce was having difficulties with.
* TrademarkFavouriteFood: Bloom's is offal, or what's sometimes called in the US "variety meats", to the point where he's actually introduced in terms of what he likes to eat:
-->''Mr Leopold Bloom ate with relish the inner organs of beasts and fowls. He liked thick giblet soup, nutty gizzards, a stuffed roast heart,\\
liverslices fried with crustcrumbs, fried hencods' roes. Most of all he liked grilled mutton kidneys which gave to his palate a fine tang of faintly scented urine.''
* TwiceToldTale: Of ''The Odyssey''.
* UglyGuyHotWife: Leopold and Molly. [[spoiler: For all that she experiments with infidelity, Molly seems in the end to be committed to Leopold.]]
* UnfazedEveryman: Bloom.
* ViewersAreGeniuses: The basic assumption of the book.
* WriterOnBoard: While Joyce does support Irish emancipation, he sketches a negative portrait of the more radical, excluding nationalists such as the one-eyed man. Bloom's humorous thoughts during his visit to the church can be seen as mocking Catholicism, but it's in good humour.
* WrittenSoundEffect: According to Joyce, the sound a cat makes isn't "meow," it's "mrkgnao."
* YourCheatingHeart: Molly Bloom was faithful to Leopold for a long time but after ten years of celibacy starts cheating on him with her manager Blazes Boylan. Leopold himself is conducting an emotional affair via epistolary and is constantly tempted by other women.

!!''Ulysses'' in popular culture:
* One of the leads of the film ''Film/TheProducers'' is named Leo Bloom.
* Creator/AllanSherman's [[Creator/DrDemento comedy song]] "Hello Muddah, Hello Faddah" includes this line:
--->The head coach wants no sissies\\
So he reads to us from something called "Ulysses"
* The first side of the FiresignTheatre album "How Can You Be In Two Places …" ends with the character Ralph Spoilsport abruptly shifting into a rather peculiar gender-flipping rendition of the end of "Molly Bloom's Soliloquy".
WARNING: This book can drive you mad, and its [[SelfDemonstrating/FinnegansWake follow up]] ''will''.