''Tigana'' is a 1990 fantasy novel by Creator/GuyGavrielKay. It takes place in The Peninsula Of The Palm, a FantasyCounterpartCulture for medieval Italy. Two foreign conquerors occupy the Peninsula: Brandin, king of Ygrath, and Alberico of Barbadior. They have carved up the land between them, and hold it in an uneasy balance of power. The main focus of the story is on a group of rebels who seek to liberate the area, but must defeat both tyrants at the same time, lest one overrun the Peninsula. We also see the viewpoint of Brandin, as well as Dianora, a [[RoyalHarem concubine]] bent on assassinating him.

During Brandin's conquest, his son was killed in the province of Tigana. In retaliation, he razed the area flat, and put a curse on it [[{{Unperson}} that no one outside Tigana would know of its name or history]]. He turns out to be a competent ruler, cultured, if arrogant, and likeable... but is that enough to erase his prior sins?

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!!This work contains the following examples:

* ZeroPercentApprovalRating: Nobody seems to approve of Alberico (whereas Brandin is actually quite a good ruler) but they're afraid to say so, with good reason.
* AffablyEvil[=/=]AntiVillain: Brandin is cultured, benevolent, an excellent ruler, and an all-around great guy. However, he'll never be dissuaded from seeking revenge against those who have wronged him, no matter who (or what) it harms (or who actually wronged whom in the first place), and so for the good of the entire Peninsula, he's got to go.
* AirStripOne: See PleaseSelectNewCityName below; it's a city-state.
* AndThisIsFor: ''"In the name of my sons, I curse you forever."''
* AuthorAppeal: Alienor and Devin's [[spoiler:bondage scene]] comes out of nowhere and is so lovingly described that somebody just ''had'' to be throwing it in there for his own enjoyment.
* BecomingTheMask: Dianora worries that she's starting to fall for the man she swore to assassinate, Brandin. [[spoiler:She's right, and ends up saving his claim to the Peninsula because of it.]]
* BestServedCold: Dianora. [[spoiler:[[BecomingTheMask Initially]].]]
* BloodMagic: A limited case. Magicians of the Hand can't fully use their power until they cut off two of their fingers, symbolically linking themselves to the peninsula.
* BrotherSisterIncest: [[spoiler: Dianora and Baerd]]
* BuryYourGays: [[spoiler: Tomasso doesn't last very long.]]
** Also, [[spoiler: Isolla of Ygrath, the lover of Brandin's wife; the latter sent her to assassinate him.]]
* TheCaligula: Alberico is constantly on the edge of this trope; he starts going downhill pretty much from the moment he [[spoiler: very nearly gets assassinated.]]
* CassandraTruth: Nobody believes Alberico when he claims that the heads of three rival families with rich estates, led by the most CampGay guy that ever camped, all got together in a conspiracy to kill him. Especially since everyone involved is conveniently dead (when standard practice is to wring out a confession and then horribly execute) and it gives him the perfect pretext to take their stuff.
* CoolOldGuy: Sandre.
* CruelAndUnusualDeath: Whilst the Barbadian sky-wheels are pretty nasty, it's [[spoiler:Isolla]]'s death that really stands out. Brandin's magic ''rips her apart from the inside'', giving us our first glimpse of him not as a charming, benign AntiVillain, but as the man who obliterated a country all the way down to its ''name''.
* CynicismCatalyst: Residual grief over the death of his son is what drives Brandin to do what he does.
* DeadpanSnarker: Approximately fourth fifths of the cast.
* DisproportionateRetribution: His habit of doing this is what makes Brandin an AntiVillain rather than a straight-up hero. To use the most notorious example (though others exist), his reaction to his son dying in a war ''he'' started is to annihilate the defenders' country so hard that it [[spoiler:poisons the entire Peninsula]].
* TheDogBitesBack
* EunuchsAreEvil: Averted with Scelto. Vaguely hinted at with Vencel, but it never amounts to anything.
* EvilerThanThou
* EvilOverlord: Two of them (though Alberico is more like an Evil Governor, as he's technically answerable to an off-page Emperor [[TheStarscream whose throne he'd love to usurp]]).
* EvilSorcerer: Alberico. Brandin is definitely a ''ruthless'' sorcerer, but it's up for debate if he's really evil.
* EvilVersusEvil: The two sorcerer-kings occupying the Peninsula absolutely ''loathe'' each other.
* FakingTheDead: [[spoiler: Sandre, at the very start]]; Catriana later fakes a bridge-dive for propaganda purposes.
* FeudingFamilies: Nobles are just like that.
* FieryRedhead: Catriana
* GenocideBackfire: It wasn't genocide so much as [[IncrediblyLamePun countrycide]], but it still led to a small bitter group seeking sweet revenge.
* GlamourFailure
* GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex: More a case of Free People Have Good Sex: while Tigana is in the grip of two foreign tyrants, the only forms of sex depicted are prostitution, rape, [[BrotherSisterIncest incest]], [[BondageIsBad BDSM]] or [[DistractedByTheSexy sex under false pretenses]]. Not until the Tiganans prepare to rise up against their dictators is [[http://www.brightweavings.com/ggkswords/andrews.htm "healthy" sex depicted]].
* GrayEyes: Much is made of the grey eyes of Alessan, Brandin, and Rhun the fool, all of which are exactly the same colour. A character explicitly notes that Alessan's eyes look just like Brandin's, which seems to be foreshadowing some reveal or another. [[spoiler: It's a red herring. If Alessan's eyes look just like Brandin's, and Brandin's eyes look just like his Fool's, then [[FridgeBrilliance Alessan has the same eyes as Rhun - his father.]]]]
* GreyAndBlackMorality
* HandicappedBadass: Marius, who killed half a dozen would-be assassins while hamstrung.
** Scalvaia gets an honorary mention for almost killing Alberico with a walking stick, of all things.
* HeroesWantRedheads: Catriana.
* HistoricalFantasy
* ImportantHaircut: Catriana
* TheJester: the King's Fool in Brandin's court is magically linked to him, acting out his master's subconscious urges.
* KissOfDistraction: Exaggerated. Catriana and Devin are stuck in a tight secret passageway, and she has sex with him in an (unsuccessful) attempt to stop him from hearing a conversation in the next room.
* LaResistance
* ALighterShadeOfBlack: Brandin. Sure, he's a decent guy in person... too bad this decent guy is a foreign invader, and would be plainly AffablyEvil (or even FauxAffablyEvil), had he been the sole invader of Peninsula.
* LoveHurts: Oh boy.
* LoveLetterLunacy: Devin gets a very fragrant, rather ''forward'' love letter from Alais's sister.
* MoralMyopia: Brandin
* MyDeathIsJustTheBeginning: See: ThanatosGambit
* ObfuscatingStupidity: More like obfuscating [[CampGay FABULOSITY]]
* OffingTheOffspring: A particularly [[{{Tearjerker}} upsetting]] [[MercyKill variant.]]
* OffstageVillainy: All of Brandin's evil deeds occurred years before the book even starts. We'd never know he was supposed to be evil if those actions didn't have repercussions in the present.
* PleaseSelectNewCityName: Brandin renaming Tigana to Lower Corte is a major driving force in the main plot. He magically ''erases'' the name Tigana from the consciousness of anyone who didn't live there when it was Tigana, so that it seems the name, and the memory of the city-state, is destined to die with that generation.
* RedemptionEqualsDeath
* RevengeBeforeReason: Brandin.
* RightfulKingReturns
* RoyalHarem: Brandin has one, called a saishan. One of the concubines, Dianora, is actually planning to kill Brandin in revenge for what he did to Tigana, [[spoiler:but changes her mind]].
* StupidityInducingAttack: The Court Fool creation process, providing a Ygrathi king's least favourite enemies with a particularly nasty FateWorseThanDeath. [[spoiler:As Brandin found out, though, it only works so long as you've got enough magic to sustain it, and whoever you've been doing it to probably won't be very happy about what you did to them once they regain their wits.]]
* ThanatosGambit: Sandre's death and subsequent funeral [[spoiler:at first appears to be this, with the twist that Sandre is actually FakingTheDead.]] Later [[spoiler:Catriana invokes this trope when she assassinates Anghiar and jumps to what she assumes to be her death. [[NotQuiteDead It doesn't take.]]]]
* TwistEnding: [[spoiler: Of the Snap Ending variety on the very last paragraph. Possibly, anyway, since we never discover which of the three got which fate.]]
* {{Unperson}}: Performed on the entire country of Tigana, kicking off the novel's plot. WordOfGod says that the author was inspired to write the story by the instances of this during the Soviet purges.
* WackyWaysideTribe: Possibly the Night Walkers. On the one hand, they pop up with no foreshadowing whatsoever, and receive little mention afterwards. On the other, they provide significant CharacterDevelopment for one member of the heroes' party, as well as showing that there are rather more serious, immediate reasons to restore Tigana than just addressing past grievances.
* WeirdMoon: Two of them, one white, one blue.
* WhatTheHellHero: Kay explores this motif, having his heroes take several morally dubious choices in their quest. Were they justified by necessity? It's up to the reader.
* YourHeadAsplode: [[spoiler: Isolla of Ygrath, following an attempted assassination on Brandin.]] It's ''awful.''

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