"[[http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1952/1952-h/1952-h.htm The Yellow Wallpaper]]" is a semi-autobiographical short story written in 1891 by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. It takes the perspective of a young woman who has been ordered to continuous bedrest as a treatment for hysteria. Trapped in a small room in her husband's country house, with nothing to do all day but sleep and write in her journal, she starts to dwell upon the dingy yellow wallpaper that decorates the place. In her boredom, she begins to see women crouching, cowering, trapped in the walls...

A landmark feminist work, its depiction of postpartum psychosis was also an inspiration for early [[CosmicHorrorStory cosmic horror]], in particular ''TheKingInYellow''. [[http://grimreviews.blogspot.com/2011/03/hp-lovecraft-on-yellow-wallpaper-by.html Note]] that Creator/HPLovecraft may have named the Gilman family after her when writing ''Literature/TheShadowOverInnsmouth'' (and as a pun on "gill"). In 2011, a film version of the story was released.
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!!This work provides examples of:

* AdaptationExpansion: The film adaptation gives the narrator a name, expands a bit on her (meager, tiny) social life, and expands on the character of her husband, John.
* AlienGeometries
* AluminumChristmasTrees:
** Yes, isolation (aka the "rest cure") was a treatment used in the late 19th century. Yes, it was quackery.
** Also the so-called 'nerve tonic' she was required to ingest regularly. The active ingredient of such medications was usually [[DrugsAreBad alcohol, cocaine or both]].
* ApocalypticLog
* AuthorAvatar
* BabiesMakeEverythingBetter: Subverted. It's implied that the narrator's hysteria is at least partly due to post-partum depression. Her baby hardly enters into the story.
** However, it is also implied that if the narrator could have just taken care of her child (and see a reason to live in said child) she could have gotten better faster. Being denied even being a mother was another part of going insane.
* BerthaInTheAttic
* CreatorBreakdown: The story becomes even more disturbing when you find out that it was based on Gilman's own experiences with depression and Victorian-era doctors.
* FreakOut
* GoMadFromTheIsolation
* {{Hypocrite}}: In the film, John. He gives a lecture on the importance of mental stimulation, exercise, and fresh air--[[spoiler:while his isolated, cloistered wife is having her psychotic break in the attic]].
* HystericalWoman: Everyone around the narrator treats her as if she is on the verge of a mental breakdown, and will snap if she so much as thinks too hard. She starts out sane; in the end, it's her imprisonment in the house and room, and everyone ''treating'' her like a ticking time bomb, that drives her around the bend.
* LovecraftCountry: Definitely the seclusion part, if nothing else.
* MindScrew
* NamedByTheAdaptation: The narrator is named "[[AuthorAvatar Charlotte]]" in the film adaptation.
* NoNameGiven: The narrator. Some conclude from a line near the end that the narrator is named Jane, as there was no mention of a character named Jane previously in the story.
** It could also be argued that she was writing so frantically, and had gone so insane at that point that she had gotten Jennie's name wrong. The names are close and it makes sense for Jennie to have been in the room.
* TheOphelia: [[spoiler:The narrator, by the end]].
* PrimalStance: The women in the walls [[spoiler:as well as the narrator]].
* PurpleProse: It's deliberately written this way to show her boredom. All she has ''time'' to do is overly describe the room she's in.
* SanitySlippage
* StayInTheKitchen: The rationale behind the narrator's husband forbidding her from writing. Gilman herself was told by a prominent neurologist to "Live as domestic a life as possible. Have your child with you all the time... And never touch pen, brush or pencil as long as you live," as a cure for her depression.
* StrawVulcan: John, somewhat.
* StringyHairedGhostGirl
* ThroughTheEyesOfMadness
* UnreliableNarrator
* WallpaperCamouflage
* WrongGenreSavvy: The narrator.

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