Serialised Victorian novel written by Creator/WilkieCollins. Run from 1859 to 1860.

Walter Hartright, a young drawing master from VictorianLondon, gets a job teaching art to two young women, half-sisters Marian Halcombe and Laura Fairlie, at Limmeridge house in Cumberland. While on the road to the house he encounters a mysterious woman in white. He tries to help her, but she runs away. Upon arrival, he discovers that the MysteriousWaif is an escaped mental patient named Anne Catherick, and that Anne bears a striking resemblance to Laura Fairlie. Walter and Laura fall in love, but she has been promised in an ArrangedMarriage to local nobleman Sir Percival Glyde. However, nothing is as it seems, and a dark conspiracy is being hatched.

The book is often considered the first Victorian sensation novel. It has been adapted many times: a play, several films (at least five films just in the silent era, as well as a 1948 film from Creator/WarnerBros), two different BBC television adaptations, and an Creator/AndrewLloydWebber musical.
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!! '''The novel provides examples of:'''
* AffablyEvil: Count Fosco, charming and courteous even when his plans involve kidnapping, MindRape, and murder. In the 1948 film he has Laura locked in an asylum and is driving her mad, but he still makes the help there be nice to her.
* ArrangedMarriage: Percival Glyde to Laura Fairlie.
* AristocratsAreEvil
* AuthorAppeal: Collins found the female form most beautiful when viewed from behind, so we got mention of Marian having a beautiful backside.
* AwesomeMcCoolname: Isidor Ottavio Baldassare Fosco
* BabiesEverAfter: A common Victorian cliche, and perhaps more peculiar than most in this novel, as Laura has been the IllGirl for most of it.
* BaitTheDog: EnigmaticMinion Count Fosco. Fosco is so friendly and charming that the heroines turn to him for help against the seemingly main villain, Sir Percival Glyde, who is a DastardlyWhiplash type. Turns out that Fosco is actually a master villain who is aiding Glyde. It's also shown that Fosco has cowed and abused his wife into becoming a StepfordSmiler and it has been argued by British critic John Sutherland that the discrepancies in time between [[spoiler:what Fosco says it took for Anne Catherick's death and what another character reports]] is meant to suggest that Fosco killed her after a prolonged period of [[ColdBloodedTorture torture]] and rape.
* BewareTheSillyOnes: Cheerful, pet-loving Count Fosco is the Victorian-era poster boy for this trope.
* BreakTheCutie:
** Laura is an adorable lady and Walter and Marian love her so much, and she them. Then her soon-to-be husband appears, and let the torturing of readers begin. She suffers terribly in her unhappy marriage, and she's a part of very evil scheme.
** It's also implied that this happened to Anne. She was probably as pretty as Laura, but her mother neglected her. We meet her when she's broken already, though she does have a kind friend who takes care of her.
* {{Butterface}}: Marian. Her gorgeous and perfect body is described in great detailed while she stands at the window. Then she turns around and... but her face. Walter didn't expect her to be ugly.
** GirlsWithMoustaches: Marian Halcombe has one. It's part of her being more than simply plain.
** WhenSheSmiles: But for all that she's mannish and unfashionably dark-complected...
* CelebrityResemblance: Fosco looks like a taller and fatter UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte (according to Marian, who's narrating at the time).
* [[ChekhovsGun Chekhov's Italian Professor]]: Pesca, who ends up being responsible for Fosco's death.
* ContrivedCoincidence: Half the novel runs on this. But it was written in Victorian England, so nobody is surprised.
* DastardlyWhiplash: Sir Percival Glyde is this, involved in the standard financial scheming and wife imprisonment.
* DeadpanSnarker: Marian. Her precise sarcastic remarks are directed at nearly everybody. She has a soft spot for Laura and Walter, but even they don't always escape her snark.
* DeadPersonImpersonation: Laura replacing Anne in the Asylum toward the end of the book.
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: Marian dreams of Walter on his travels abroad. The last sequence in the dream has him standing beside a grave, which turns out to be where she'll next meet him.
* EloquentInMyNativeTongue: When Professor Pesca needs to tell Walter something of his own past, he switches to Italian, and his FunnyForeigner malapropisms vanish.
* EpistolaryNovel: Though it's more in the form of diary entries rather than letters.
* EvilDetectingDog: When Sir Percival greets Miss Fairlie's "little Italian greyhound", it whines, shivers and hides under the sofa from him, then barks and snaps at him when he leaves.
* EvilUncle: Fosco ''is'' married to Laura's aunt.
* FakeAristocrat: As it turns out, Sir Percival's claim to rank and title is based on a forged marriage certificate.
* GeniusSweetTooth: Fosco, unless it's just part of his {{Villainous Glutton}}y.
* GenreSavvy: Walter.
** When he goes to share what he's learned with Fosco, he takes precautions so that, when he's asked "HaveYouToldAnyoneElse", he can assure Fosco that he ''has'', and killing him would therefore not solve anything.
** He happily makes a deal with Fosco that will get him what he wants but allow the latter to escape from the law scot-free because Walter assumes [[KarmicDeath karma will punish him anyway]].
* GoldDigger: When the marriage settlement for Sir Percival's marriage to Laura is drawn up, his demands make it clear that he's after her money. Mr Fairlie nods it through anyway, over the strong objections of the family lawyer.
* GoneHorriblyRight: Sir Percival's attempt to destroy the incriminating evidence against him. He sets light to it, and dies in the resulting fire.
* GreyEyes: Count Fosco has the cold, steely sort.
* {{Hypochondriac}}: Frederick Fairlie.
* IdenticalStranger: Anne and Laura, apparently (Walter discovers that Anne was Laura's half-sister.)
* IGaveMyWord: Laura promised her dying father that she'd marry Sir Percival, and she sticks to that promise even after she realises she could never love him.
* IllGirl: Anne, Marian and Laura all take their turns. In Anne's case it's a heart condition; Marian [[CatchYourDeathOfCold gets soaked in the rain]] and promptly goes down with typhoid fever; and Laura takes months to recover from what Fosco's machinations did to her.
* ImplacableMan: Walter, as Marian sees him in her dream.
* ItsAllAboutMe: Frederick Fairlie.
* KarmicDeath: Yes. You can probably guess who.
* LoveIsAWeakness: Fosco confesses that his esteem for Marian proved to be his only weakness in the affair.
* {{Malaproper}}: Professor Pesca.
* MaleGaze: Shamelessly done by Walter on Marian.
* NamesToTrustImmediately: Walter Hartright ("heart-right").
* NiceToTheWaiter: Sir Percival's treatment of his servants is the first warning sign we get of his {{Jerkass}} nature.
* OneParagraphChapter: "The Narrative of the Tombstone", which happens to be Laura's tombstone.
* TheOphelia: Anne and Laura. Though their mental health problems are described as rather troubling but Mr Hartright takes great pleasure in taking care of Laura and making her better. Anne's weak and confused mind do not make her attractive at all.
* PersonWithTheClothing
* {{Polyamory}}: Hinted at with Walter, Laura, and Marian at the end.
* TheReveal: The truth of Professor Pesca is one of many. This is, after all, a serialized sensation novel.
* SexlessMarriage: Fortunately for Laura, implied for her and her husband; Sir Percival assures Fosco that there's no chance of Laura producing heirs.
* SexyWalk: Marian has one, according to Fosco.
* SmartPeoplePlayChess: Marian is good at it. When she plays with Count Fosco, she discovers very quickly that her let her win on purpose. She immediately tells him what the hell, he apologizes and utterly destroys her in their next game.
* SpiritedYoungLady: Marian. Intelligent, capable, strong and physically fit. Laura is her ProperLady {{Foil}} and frankly, she pales in the comparison.
* SweetTooth: Fosco loves sweets.
* SwitchingPOV: Various first-person narrations, with a couple of extra bits such as "The Narrative of the Tombstone".
* TomboyAndGirlyGirl: Marian the Tomboy and Laura the Girly Girl.
* UncannyFamilyResemblance: Two half-sisters (not Marian and Laura). Exascerbated in the 1948 film in which they are not sisters but cousins.
* VictorianBritain
* VictoriasSecretCompartment: Used by Fanny to smuggle letters for Marian. Fosco's wife gets them anyway.
* VillainousBSOD: Fosco has one when Anne dies before Laura has even set out for London. He gets over it, but is well aware of the weak spot it leaves in his masterplan.
* VillainousGlutton: The very evil and hugely fat Fosco. Appropriate casting with Sydney Greenstreet in the 1948 film.
* WomanInWhite: Arguably, the TropeNamer.
* WorthyOpponent: Marian Halcombe to Count Fosco. Cue rambling about how intelligent/courageous/perfect she is and how [[WeCanRuleTogether they could rule together]] under different circumstances (if he wasn't married, and he wasn't trying to get her sister's fortune, for starters). But one has to wonder what part of this comes from pure, candid, objective esteem, independent of the fact that the old goat is [[ILoveYouBecauseICantControlYou in love with her]]. At least in two occasions when [[IHaveYouNowMyPretty she could have been owned by him]], he just lets her off.
* WritersCannotDoMath: Collins got annoyed by reviewers who nitpicked about mistakes in dating, which he later fixed in a future edition. He consoled himself by thinking that [[TheZerothLawOfTropeExamples Shakespeare was guilty of the same thing]].
* YouGotSpunk: Marian, in Fosco's opinion. And he ''likes'' spunk.
* YourApprovalFillsMeWithShame: Marian's initial reaction upon discovering that Fosco likes her and admires her a lot.
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!!Tropes common to multiple adaptations:

* AdaptationalAttractiveness: Collins is quite clear with his ButterFace description of Marian in the novel. Unsurprisingly, this is never done in adaptations. In the 1948 film she's played by Alexis Smith, in the 1997 TV adaptation by Tara Fitzgerald, in the musical by Ruthie Henshall--lovely women all.

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!! Tropes found in the 1948 film:

* BabiesEverAfter: This version does the novel one better by having both Marian and Laura with babies.
* HitlerCam: Used for Fosco as he is explaining the conspiracy to Marian.
* INeverGotAnyLetters: Marian and Laura figure out that Percival intercepted the letters that Laura was sending her about how terrible Percival is.
* MindRape: Fosco is doing this to Laura in the asylum, convincing her that she is actually Anne.
* PleaseIWillDoAnything: Marian offers to give herself to Count Fosco and run away with him if he will confess and restore Laura to her life. He is in the process of taking her up on it when Walter and the cops arrive.
* {{Polyamory}}: Surprisingly, this is hinted at in the 1948 film even more strongly than it is in the Collins novel. In the film, Walter expresses his love for Marian after earlier expressing it for Laura, and in the end Marian has borne Walter a son, and the whole clan is living together as in the book. Notably, nothing in the movie indicates that Walter is out of love with Laura.
* PragmaticAdaptation: The character of Professor Pesca is eliminated, Sir Percival is killed accidentally by a {{Mook}}, and Count Fosco is killed by his wife the Countess, who turns out to be Anne Catherick's mother (making Laura and Anne cousins, not half-sisters as in the book). And the SexlessMarriage implication of the book is definitely averted, as Laura is pregnant with Percival's child.
* ThunderEqualsDownpour: Marian is standing on a window ledge eavesdropping on Fosco and Percival. One clap of thunder is followed by a drenching rain.

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!! The musical adaptation provides examples of:
* AdaptationDistillation
* VillainSong: "You Can Get Away With Anything"
* VillainLoveSong: "The Seduction"

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