->''In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful...''
-->The Bismillah, the opening invocation to every chapter of the Qu'ran.

The '''''Qur'an''''' is a [[SacredLiterature holy text]] of [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} the Islamic faith]], the first and smallest text in the Islamic trilogy with the Sira[[note]]The stories of Muhammad's life, basically biographies.[[/note]] and the Hadiths[[note]]The collected words and actions of Muhammad[[/note]] being the other eighty four percent of it. The Qur'an differs from the Jewish and Christian Bible, in that the work is not a collection of various other works, but rather a collection of sayings in verse attributed to Allah/God given to TheProphetMuhammed via the ArchangelGabriel. Think of it as ''God: The Collected Poems'', or perhaps as the Psalms of Islam.

The sections of the Qur'an are ordered by (mainly) length[[note]]The Prophet told the scribes what order to put it in, but they follow a rough order by length. The first chapter, for instance, is one of the shorter ones, and the shortest chapter, while near the end, is not at the end.[[/note]], not by theme (as in the Christian Bible) or chronologically (as in the Tanakh).

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!!Tropes include:

* AGodAmI: If humans or djinns do this, then s/he's [[{{Pride}} a very bad person]]. Examples include the Fir'aun[[labelnote:*]]Pharaoh[[/labelnote]] of Egypt during Prophet Musa's[[labelnote:*]]Moses[[/labelnote]] era, it's explicitly for this sin that he was punished severely. And then Allah make sure [[{{Mummy}} his dead body remains to this day]], to serve as a warning and a proof of historicity.
* AlwaysChaoticEvil: {{Averted}}. Satan was given a choice to obey or disobey Allah, and he chose to disobey, thus ensuring his fate. This doesn't apply to his race the djinns, who are as capable of being good or evil as the humans, and thus can enter Paradise if they do good.
* AlwaysLawfulGood: Angels. They are more akin to software, and thus this trope simply because they are incapable of disobeying that which defines 'Lawful' and 'Good'; in Islam, Satan is not a FallenAngel, but a Djinn, who can be as morally varied as any human being.
* AnachronicOrder: Since the ''surat'' are organized by length, not when they were revealed (which took place over a couple of decades).
* AncientEgypt: Some part of Prophet Musa's story. It seems that the more interesting parts happen when he's outside the Egyptian's territory, such as marriage, meeting with Allah, and looking for a land for his people.
* AncientRome: There is a whole ''surah'' (chapter) titled ''Rome'', foretelling the victory of the monotheistic Romans against the polytheistic Sassanid Empire of Persia. It should be noted that the Sassanids did not consider themselves polytheists; despite recognizing several figures worthy of worship they only recognized one of them as God. Still, this "ascribing of false partners" was unacceptable to Muhammad.
* AndIMustScream: The fate of people cast down to Hell(s). You burn for eternity, drink boiling hot water, and eat horrible fruit ('demon head'). Once your entire skin is burned up, Allah will it that another layer be grown so you can burn again. Verse 87:13 says succinctly: "Therein he does not die, neither does he live."
* ArchangelGabriel: Believed to have revealed the Qur'an to the prophet Muhammad, by Muslims.
* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: Go there and back again, actually. Muhammad was called to an audience with Allah, received the order for ''salah'' (daily prayers, said five times a day), and then return to the world so he could bring the order to the Muslims. On his way he met prophets of ancient times such as Musa. Musa actually told Muhammad to renegotiate the order, because ''50 times a day'' would be too difficult.
** Reminiscent of an old Jewish joke, in which Moses tells his people "There's good news and bad news. The good news is that I convinced Him to drop seven of the Seventeen Commandments. The bad news is that He wouldn't budge on the one about adultery."
* BadassArmy: {{Defied}}! The Army of Muslims attributed their victories (and defeats) in war to the will of Allah, never due to their own might. [[spoiler:The one time they believed that victory is assured, archers on a strategic hill went for loot instead of manning their post, resulting in the enemy countering by attacking the hill and killing the few archers left, and reversing the course of the battle, resulting in the prophet being seriously injured.]]
* BigBad: {{Subverted}}. Sure, there is a Satan and he's unable to be defeated until the Day of Judgment, but ultimately he can't do anything Allah doesn't permit him to do. The majority of the bad people in the stories do bad things due to their own vices, not due to some kind of invisible capital-E evil.
* BigGood: {{Allah}} is stated to be this. Also Muhammad, by proxy, since everything he does is the will of Allah.
* BuryYourGays: Unlike the Bible, homosexuality is clearly stated as the reason why Sodom was doomed. Lesbianism, group sex of any kind and bisexuality from any gender are all equally condemned as very serious sins.
* CondescendingCompassion: The usual treatment reserved to non-Muslims. While the Qu'ran strongly advises tolerance and fairness towards non-Muslims, non-Muslims are still unsurpisingly considered untrustworthy, ignorant and delusional lost souls (much like TheBible sees non-Christians). Hence, the Qu'ran clearly discourages Muslims from forming strong bonds with them.
* ContinuityNod: So, so many, toward Injil[[labelnote:*]][[Literature/TheFourGospels]]--the theory being either (1) that the ''Injil'' was a literal book sent to Jesus that was copied and mistranscribed by later Christians as the Gospels, or (2) taking elements of the Christian view, that Jesus ''himself'' was the Word/Book, whose words and deeds were copied and later mistranscribed as the Gospels.[[/labelnote]] and Taurat[[labelnote:*]][[Literature/TheBible TheTorah]][[/labelnote]]. In fact, it's stated in The Qur'an itself that one of its purpose is to give ContinuityNod to the aforementioned books, so as to give good news to the faithfuls.
** Also mentioned--although rarely referenced--is the Zabur (the Psalms).
* DealWithTheDevil: You can make a deal with djinns to cast spell upon your enemies, but it's a very grave sin. It doesn't help that the aforementioned djinns tend to have [[AGodAmI god-complex]], which is yet another offense to Allah.
* DecisiveBattle: Several, leading to the re-capture of Makkah by the Muslim army. Entering Makkah itself was an anti-climax, though.
* DoubleStandard:
** There is no denying the text - [[NotSoDifferent much like The Bible]] - contains examples of this, especially when Al-hadits that further explained these rules are not included into equation.
** One DoubleStandard - the one about polygamy - actually has a reason behind it: it's believed the original reason for allowing men to take additional wives was that in an age of constant tribal warfare, men were often killed and their widows left without a means of support. Polygamy was a way of addressing this gender imbalance in towns that had been ravaged by war.
*** It still has a reason to help woman that can't find work, living in poor condition, and having no one in their family that can help them.
** In one verse, a woman's testimony is worth half that of a man.
** 2:228: "Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree [of responsibility] above them. Allah is Mighty, Wise. "
*** The rules for woman in general are very strict, where the only skin that they can show in public are only face (some even considered that only eyes can be shown) and hand palm. They are justified (for muslim) to ensured the woman's safety while enchanced their elegance.
*** Having a higher degree than woman is actually meant that man have higher responsibility than woman. An Nisa:34 explained that since man have higher degree than woman, they are required to looking for a job and ensured the income of his family AND parents, unlike woman where they don't get those responsibility. This's also used to justified for why man get twice amount of inheritance.
** Men can marry any woman from any other Abrahamic religion (Jews or Christians), women are stricly forbidden to marry or even fall in love wiht a man who isn't a Muslim.
* EldritchAbomination: Consider this: it's stated that if humankind craft every trees in the world into pens and use so much ink that the volume can fill the ocean, it still won't be enough to write down the knowledge that Allah possesses.
** As far as I remember, it actually goes: ... it still wont be enough to write to down all his attributes (in praise).
* TheFederation: During the Madinah [[labelnote:*]]called Yathrib prior to the Prophet moving there. Madinah means city, and is short-hand for al-Madinat al-Munnawarah (the enlightened city), due to the Prophet settling there[[/labelnote]] era. Muhammad was the leader of the people of Madinah, which also included Jews. The details of the Battle of the Trench showed cracks in the Federation, though prior to it, the Medina Constitution showed ideals of federation and mutual respect, even though it eventually failed in reality.
* FreakOut: Muhammad, the first time [[OurAngelsAreDifferent Jibril]] visited him. An entire ''surah'' were descended to assure him that things are going to be okay.
* FriendToAllLivingThings: Muhammad. Also Allah. Anyone who kills a sparrow or anything bigger unjustly will be held accountable.
** In some interpretation, anyone who kill ''anything'' unjustly, will be held accountable, period.
* {{Hell}}: There are 7 layers of them.
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Lot already got some in the New Testament compared to the Old, being described as a well meaning victim of circumstance but he gets even more heroic treatment here by vocally denouncing the ways of Sodom and Gomorrah.
** In general prophets are more virtuous than they are in the Bible. David's adultary isn't mentioned nor is Noah getting drunk. It explicitely states that Solomon did not worship other gods and Aaron did not make the golden calf.
* HumansAreSpecial: The angels and the Jinns where ordered to bow down to us. One of the Jinn, ʾIblīs, refused to bow down and was banished for this.
** The very last ''surah'' is titled An-Nās, or ''The People''.
* InvisibleToNormals: Angels and Jinns.
* MagicIsEvil: Magic exists, and it's invariably a bad thing. The Qur'an also [[{{Jossed}} explicitly states]] that Prophet Sulaiman[[labelnote:*]]King Solomon[[/labelnote]] ''did not'' use magic: he indeed had djinn servants, but his mastery over them was granted by Allah, not because he knew spells that bind them to servitude.
** Could be an avert trope as interpretations of the Qur'an define working with magic as a form of trickery and deceit, which makes it forbidden, but it has no effect in reality.
* MandatoryMotherhood: Refusing to be a mother is ''heavily'' frowned upon by Muslim culture and in the Qu'ran. Any woman who is born barren is considered a pariah and is usually forced into celibacy until she dies.
** Well, not entirely forced, but celibacy is better option than being humiliated constantly.
* MessianicArchetype: A´ssa [[spoiler:Also known as JesusChrist]].
* MultinationalTeam: The Muslims of Muhammad's time included people such as Salman al-Farisi [[MeaningfulName who came from Persia]], as well as Bilal, a liberated black slave. The only measure of a person in Allah's eyes is that person's faith, not nationality or ethnicity.
* MysticalPregnancy: A´ssa [[spoiler:(Jesus)]] is recognized as being born from a virgin, Maryam [[spoiler:(Mary)]]. He's also identified as the Messiah (''Mahdi'') who will come back to defeat ''Dajjal'' [[spoiler:(Antichrist)]] at EndOftheWorldasWeKnowIt.
* NeverLearnedToRead: Muhammad was illiterate. This comes as an [[InvertedTrope inversion]] to ChekhovsSkill: Muhammad's proponents were unable to deny his prophethood because he knew the lore of the monotheists. Keep in mind that this was in the ~600 C.E., where such knowledge was restricted to and heavily controlled by the clergy.
* OmniscientMoralityLicense: God forgives who he wants to and punishes who he wants to though he forbade injustice for humans as for himself.
* OurAngelsAreDifferent: The angels of Literature/TheQuran are ''definitely'' of the EldritchAbomination variety. They are described as having anywhere from two wings to thousands, and [[TheNeedless they do not eat or drink]]. They are also ''huge.'' It would take 700 years to go the distance between the ear-lobes and shoulders of the angel who carries Allah's throne, and the ArchangelGabriel has 600 wings which span from the Eastern to the Western horizon. They're invisible to humans but animals can see them. \\
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Angels are the messengers of Allah. It is literally impossible for an angel, no matter how powerful, to disobey Allah, because they have no free will. This means there are no evil or FallenAngels, and that every thing they do is commanded by Allah. They carry out Allah's will by doing things like praising and worshiping him, cursing women who will not have sex with their husbands, testing people by giving them wealth or healing their illnesses, and throwing the wicked into hell and mercilessly tormenting them for all of eternity. Belief in them is considered one of the five Articles of Faith in Islam, and Gabriel is said to have revealed Literature/TheQuran to Muhammad.
* OurJinnsAreDifferent: Well, they were made from smokeless fire for one thing. Like humans and unlike angels, they have free will, which means they can be good or evil, follow different religions, marry, etc... They are usually invisible to humans. The Qur'an's stance on them is essentially [[DontTouchItYouIdiot Leave 'em Alone, You Idiot!]]
* [[OurTropesAreDifferent Our Godhead is different]]- The Christian Trinity and the status of Jesus as divine are specifically denied. The Jewish concept of God's covenant with Israel and its status as "the Chosen People" is ignored in light of a more universal message to humanity, rather than to Israel.
** The false trinity when it is actually described in the Qu'ran Allah/Isa/Marium is not the same one modern Christians believe in Father(origin)/Son(doer)/Spirit(omnipresence). It is true trinity is never explicitly described in the gospels, just something people interpreted from them but Christians are not "ascribing partners to Allah", just trying to help people understand God better.
* PersonaNonGrata: Non-muslims are barred from entering Meccah, the holy city that holds the Black Stone.
** Apostasy is punishable by death in the Qur'an, specifically if the apostate remains among other Muslims. Muslims who wish to leave Islam can only do so if they also leave their country and [[StartingANewLife Start A New Life]] elsewhere. Not a case of YouCantGoHomeAgain since it's still possible to embrace Islam again if you sincerely wish to do so.
* {{Polyamory}}: Well, polygamy. The Qur'an allows a limited polygamy, one of whose requirements is, essentially, that it be polyamorous as well (the man is required to treat all his wives equally in all respects). We should note that the Muslims originally frowned on polygamy--Muhammad himself was faithful to his first wife and did not marry again until after her death--and it was only allowed when war had created a lot of widows. Contemporary Muslims for the most part regard polygamy with as much or only slightly less disgust than contemporary...well...almost anyone, really.
** Some Muslims regard it as ''worse'', actually--seeing the men who take advantage of the rule as sexually-incontinent dogs using religious law as a cover for having an affair under their first--and ''real''--wife's nose. The great Muslim reformer Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905) was more or less of this opinion and actually argued that requiring men to treat their wives equally was an intentionally impossible requirement, since unless the imbalance of the sexes is huge (allowing wealth to concentrate in fewer hands) it will be impossible for a man to do so.
* {{Pride}}: Iblis believes he's superior to humans because he was made from smokeless fire and humans were made from clay.
* {{Retcon}}: Called abrogation, which means latter verses that supposedly contradict earlier ones invalidate those before them. This is because the Qur'an was recorded under a twenty three year period and during that time Muhammad's instructions changed according to circumstance. Since the Qur'an is not listed in chronological order what exactly is abrogated is not clear without help from other text such as those in the Hadith. It is obvious the whole Qur'an abrogates the Old and New testaments however.
* {{Satan}}: He's a Jinn called Iblis or Shaytan.
* SesquipedalianLoquaciousness: The Qur'an is written in a version of Arabic that is archaic even in Muhammad's time. A CrowningMomentOfFunny happened when one of his proponents bashed him for using words that were hard to understand, just to have ''another'' proponent appeared and bashed him incorporating those very same words.
* SexIsEvil: Averted. Celibacy and asceticism are strongly discouraged, even though it's not ''harām'' in and of itself. Sex is considered to be perfectly normal and men and women are permitted to do pretty much any kinky thing they want with each other (except anal sex and BDSM which remain gravely sinful in any capacity), but only within the confines of marriage.
* SpellMyNameWithAnS
** Alternate romanizations include the Koran, Al-Qur'an, Alcoran etc.
** And Muhammad vs. Mohammed vs. Mohammad vs. Mohamad, etc...
** [[ArchangelGabriel Gabriel, Jibra'il, Jibreel]]
** Mika'il = ArchangelMichael
* SpellMyNameWithAThe: The name Allah is a contraction of ''al-illa'' meaning not just God, but ''the'' God (the one and only). You will find a lot of these contractions in Arabic texts, even before the Qu'ran and many of them relate to the god, such as Astaghfirullah, "I ask the God's forgiveness".
** That is not, technically speaking, a contraction. That's the way arabic word/sentence structure works. Astaghfirullah is an entire sentence. These things have nothing to do with Quran, modern arabic works like this too.
* SublimeRhyme: Full of it, but especially obvious at the last ''juz''. [[SerialEscalation Sometimes a page-long paragraph rhymes]]. Traditions exist that bring reciting The Qur'an to a whole new level of art, as encouraged by Muhammad himself.
* TakeThat: Even though The Qur'an has a lot of {{Continuity Nod}}s towards the Gospels and the Torah, no love is lost toward [[CorruptChurch those who exploited or -Allah forbid!- altered the texts just to gain political power]].
** There are also a lot of {{Take That}}s toward the {{Hypocrite}}s amongst Muslims.
* {{Talking Animal}}s[=/=]SpeaksFluentAnimal: In Sunni and Shi'a accounts, Muhammad is said to have conversations with camels, birds, and other animals.
* UngratefulBastard: One of the stories in the Qur'an tell of the Bani Isra'il (children of Israel, the Jews) after they fled Egypt. Food were hard to come by in the desert, so Allah sent them ''salwa''[[labelnote:*]]A kind of small bird. Supposedly delicious.[[/labelnote]] and ''manna''[[labelnote:*]]Similar to honey, but produced by a different insect. Jews, Christians, and Muslims all agree that it might be uncharitably called bug poop. Sweet, delicious, sustaining bug poop.[[/labelnote]]. However, the Bani Isra'il wanted vegetables and other stuffs they had in Egypt, and some actually dared return there. Those who did got deeply humiliated for their efforts.
** To be grateful to what Allah gives to you is a recurring aesop. One whole ''surah'' descended just to remind the Quraysh, Muhammad's own tribe, that they should be grateful for their lofty position amongst the Arabs of the day.
* TrueCompanions: The people who immediately believed when Muhammad told them that he just became a prophet. They didn't make that decision lightly: at that time, the Arabs were deeply polytheistic, tribal deity and all, and saying that there is only One True God would invite serious repercussions, even from your own tribe.
* VerbalTic: It's customary to follow the name of a prophet with "Peace be upon him" as a show of respect. (TheOtherWiki devotes [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_be_upon_him_(Islam) a whole article]] to this.)
* WarriorPoet: The Arab men of the pre-Islamic age prided themselves on two things: fighting prowess, and skill at composing poetry. They were greatly shocked when the illiterate Muhammad start reciting the Qur'an, which is [[SublimeRhyme beautiful]] as it's [[DoorStopper lengthy]].

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