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''The Poisonwood Bible'' is a 1998 bestselling novel by Barbara Kingsolver, telling the story of the Price family. Mother Orleanna, oldest sister Rachel, the twins Adah (who is a cripple and who rejects normal society) and Leah (tomboy and relatively religious), and the youngest, Ruth May, are taken by the head of the family, Nathan Price, a fierce evangelical Baptist, to be missionaries in the (Belgian) Congo. The story begins in 1959, and covers TheSixties.

After settling in somewhat, they discover that their mission will be a lot harder than they expected, and that the items they smuggled to the Congo are the wrong ones. That is before the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congo_Crisis Congo Crisis]] starts. Nathan Price refuses to leave when the rest of the missionary organizations pull out, determined to spread the gospel. But even in the little isolated village they are in, which is relatively untouched by the revolution (or anything else), circumstances prove too difficult for the female Prices...

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!!This book provides examples of:

* AesopAmnesia / IgnoredEpiphany: Rachel, all the time.
* AffectionateNickname: Sometimes played straight and sometimes subverted. Anatole's meaning is affectionate when he calls Leah "Beene." The Congolese also have nicknames for all the other Prices:
** Rachel's nickname is a subversion of the trope: Muvula, a white termite that comes out after the rain, because her skin and hair are so pale.
** Ruth May is called Bandu; this can mean either "the littlest; at the bottom" or in a more layered meaning, "the reason for everything."
** Adah's nickname translates to "Crooked Walker"; not affectionate, but not necessarily meant with derision, either.
* AnimalAssassin: Done twice using green mambas. [[spoiler: Neither reaches their intended targets, but the second one kills Ruth May.]]
* AsTheGoodBookSays: Every section, except the last one, is named after a book of the Bible (or Apocrypha) and opens with a relevant quote from that book.
* AuthorAvatar: Some people see Leah as this; Kingsolver has gone on record as saying that, while her family were missionaries in the Congo, she has little in common with any of the Prices.
* AuthorTract: Some see the book as a bit too obvious with its anti-colonial message.
* BecauseYouCanCope: The twins always thought this was the reason that Orleanna took Adah back with her instead of Leah. Subverted when Orleanna tells Adah the real reason: [[spoiler: after Ruth May died, Adah was the youngest, and so Orleanna needed her most.]]
* BilingualBonus: Rudimentary knowledge of French can help fill in the gaps of some of the villager's speeches. And if you're lucky enough to know Lingala, that's even better.
* BrainyBrunette: The twins.
* BrattyTeenageDaughter: Rachel.
* BreakTheCutie:
** Orleanna's backstory. Of course, the events of the book break her even further.
** Happens to each of the four Price girls at least once, even if Rachel [[SnapBack Snaps Back]].
* BreakTheHaughty:
** Nathan's backstory; he was the only member of his division to survive the [[WorldWarII Bataan Death March]], and it was the reason he was so steadfastly committed to spreading the gospel, even as the events of the book broke him further.
** Rachel, too, though like her father the second time, she [[StaticCharacter didn't learn anything from it]].
* DeadGuyJunior: All four of [[spoiler:Leah]] and [[spoiler:Anatole]]'s sons are "named for men we lost to war: [[spoiler:Pascal, Patrice, Martin-Lothaire, and Nataniel]]."
* DeathByIrony: [[spoiler:Nathan]]
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything
* {{Doorstopper}}: This book is nearly as big as the New Testament.
* DumbBlonde[=/=]TheDitz: Rachel
* EverythingTryingToKillYou: At times.
* FinaglesLaw
* FisherKingdom: Not in a literal sense, but there is a constant theme about how American/Western ways of doing things and people are changed "on African soil."
* {{Foreshadowing}}:
** The end of Ruth May's last narration, where she says that [[spoiler: if she were to die, she would want to turn into a green mamba, since then she wouldn't have to be worried about being bitten by one, and watch everybody from the trees.]] Later, Ruth May [[spoiler: is killed by a green mamba]], and the final chapter of the book, titled "The Eyes in the Trees," [[spoiler: is narrated by Ruth May posthumously, and presumably reincarnated as a green mamba.]]
** As pointed out by Leah later in the book, the Price daughters' hope chests foreshadow their eventual marital statuses. Rachel cranks out numerous smaller projects. [[spoiler: This symbolizes her multiple failed marriages.]] Leah works steadily on one big project, [[spoiler:which symbolizes her steady commitment to Anatole in the face of numerous troubles]]. Adah disdains and makes fun of the whole thing, [[spoiler:symbolizing her decision to never marry and overall cynical view of the institution]]. Ruth May is considered too young and thus exempt, [[spoiler:just as she would be exempt from marriage because of her early death]].
** Also, during Orleanna's very first narration (which takes place in the future) she mentions being the mother of children [[spoiler: living and dead.]] You don't think much of it until [[spoiler: Ruth May dies.]]
* FishOutOfWater: The premise of the story.
* FourGirlEnsemble: Rachel, the pretty RichBitch; Leah, the wise, intelligent, strong-willed TeamMom; Adah, the brainy, cynical DeadpanSnarker; and Ruth May, the sweet, naive baby of the family.
* FourTemperamentEnsemble: The Price women minus Ruth May -- Rachel is '''[[color:maroon:sanguine]]''', Leah is '''[[color:orange:choleric]]''', Adah is '''melancholic''' and Orleanna is '''[[color:green:phlegmatic]]'''. Ruth May herself starts out sanguine but turns phlegmatic after her illness, which pushes Orleanna closer to '''[[color:blue:supine]]'''.
* TheFundamentalist: Nathan Price. [[spoiler: Also, Tata Kuvudundu.]]
* FunWithPalindromes: Lots of these in Adah's early narrations.
* GenkiGirl: Ruth May has shades of this, at least at first.
* GoingNative: Subverted with Nathan. Averted, and eventually inverted with [[spoiler: Rachel]] (who seems to become ''more'' racist and jingoistic the longer she spends in Africa). Alternately played straight and deconstructed with [[spoiler: Leah]]. Played more or less completely straight with the last American or Christian to spend significant quantities of time in the Congo: Fyntan Fowles, a Catholic priest who deserted his order.
* TheHecateSisters: The three older [[spoiler: and surviving]] Price sisters -- Rachel is the maiden, Leah is the mother and Adah is the crone.
* {{Homage}}: More than a few critics of the novel have noticed its similarities to ''LittleWomen''. Kingsolver asserts in interviews, though, that her novel is not meant to be a deliberate re-working of Alcott's novel.
* HopeSpot
* InnocentBigot: Being only [[FromTheMouthsOfBabes five years old]] and not having gone to school yet (though of course, coming from [[DeepSouth 1950s Georgia]] as she does, formal education would only make it worse), only Ruth May can commence her narration by pronouncing, "God says the Africans are the Tribes of Ham" and sound completely sincere.
* {{Jerkass}}: ''Nathan''. Eeben Axelroot.
* KlaatuBaradaNikto: Sans a second A, Leah mentions this phrase as one that she heard in "[[Film/TheDayTheEarthStoodStill1951 a spaceship movie]]" that she wants to yell as a foreign language to the Congolese.
* KnowYourVines: An American missionary in Congo ends up with tree sap on his arm and forehead, but pays it no heed. A local tells him "That tree, it bites", a warning he can't make sense of. The next day, he wakes up with a severe skin irritation where the sap was.
* LittleMissSnarker: Adah.
* {{Malaproper}}: Rachel, UpToEleven.
* MightyWhitey: Subverted -- [[spoiler: Leah]] ends up adopting the Congolese lifestyle in her marriage to [[spoiler: Anatole]], but her whiteness still marks her as an outsider and she has to continually work to convince her neighbors that she is on ''their'' side, not that of the colonialists.
* AMillionIsAStatistic: The constant deaths of village children to disease is only ever mentioned in passing. The death of [[spoiler: Ruth May]] is a major turning point in the book. When the Prices suddenly see the villagers' routine death rituals [[spoiler: applied to one of their own]], it hits them that they've been surrounded by tragedy the whole time and just haven't seen it because it wasn't happening to them. [[WordOfGod Barbara Kingsolver]] has stated in interviews that she intended this realization to be a lesson to her readers about this trope as well as MissingWhiteWomanSyndrome.
* TheMissionary: Nathan Price and Fyntan Fowles.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: Nathan, after [[spoiler:Ruth May dies unbaptized]] due to his desire for a dramatic conversion of the village.
* MyHovercraftIsFullOfEels:
** The local language Lingala is tonal and has multiple meanings for most words. While the girls quickly catch on, Nathan is too arrogant to realize his ignorance and spends week after week proudly declaring that Jesus is a poisonwood tree.
** Similarly, Nathan's continued botching of the language makes it ambiguous whether they pray to God, "the most loving Father", the "Father of Fishbait" or "Father of small potatoes". He also manages to make the Christian Communion sound like drinking actual blood and eating actual flesh -- an understandable mistake, but also an ironic twist on the cannibal stereotype.
* OurNudityIsDifferent: Played for DeliberateValuesDissonance. Kilanga women hide their legs under long skirts and think nothing of going topless. Nathan is shocked by their indecency; the Kilanga are similarly shocked by Mrs. Price wearing ''pants''. Juxtapose this with her [[TheGhost unseen and barely described]] father, whose habit of walking outdoors naked is tied to his "senile dementia."
* PolarOppositeTwins: Leah and Adah as kids. Not so much as adults. This is even lampshaded by Rachel who calls the three of them night, day, and the Fourth of July.
* PrecisionFStrike
* LaResistance: [[spoiler: Anatole]] becomes a member of the resistance against Mobutu's rule. This being Africa, the trope get played with: [[spoiler: Leah notes how the same attitudes often cause her, as a White person, to be assumed to be colonialist, despite the fact that she is married to Anatole and has mostly [[GoingNative Gone Native]].]] There are also mentions of how the more violent wing of LaResistance sometimes kills people who don't deserve to be killed, such as [[spoiler: Pascal]].
* TheRevolutionWillNotBeCivilized: With the exception of [[spoiler: Anatole]].
* RichBitch: Rachel who, in comparison to the more humble lifestyles of their neighbors, starts out as this in the village, [[spoiler: and becomes one again after leaving the Congo]].
* RuleOfSymbolism
* RummageSaleReject: The villagers, in the eyes of the Price children. At first, that is.
* SdrawkcabAlias: ''Adah Ellen Price'' rearranges herself thus, privately, into ''Ecirp Nelle Hada''.
* ShownTheirWork: Barbara Kingsolver revealed in an interview that she sat for hours watching a green mamba in the reptile house of the Cincinnati Zoo just to see what color its mouth was.
* SurvivorGuilt:
** Nathan's FreudianExcuse.
** Leah has a lot of this. She has a variation of it toward Adah, worried that some action of hers in the womb caused Adah's disability. [[spoiler: She later has it toward Ruth May, after she dies as part of Leah's scheme to catch the witch doctor.]]
** It pretty much defines Orleanna's life after [[spoiler: Ruth May]] dies; and even Adah wonders why it had to be [[spoiler: Ruth May]] rather than herself.
* SwitchingPOV: Between the women.
* ThrowingOffTheDisability: [[spoiler:Adah]], when she finds out that [[spoiler: she was misdiagnosed and doesn't have hemiplegia after all; her "slant" and difficulty talking were habits learned in childhood rather than results of a medical condition.]] Played with, though, since it still doesn't happen easily or flippantly. [[spoiler: Also played with in that Adah ends up preferring how she was with the disability.]]
* TitleDrop: At the end of Adah's final narration.
* TheVoiceless: Adah prefers to write notes rather than speak.
* WorldWarII: Nathan lived through one of the more horrifying chapters of the Pacific theater, the Bataan Death March. It ends up as his FreudianExcuse throughout the novel.
* WriteWhatYouKnow: Kingsolver lived in the Congo as a child. However, in the foreword she makes it very clear that her family was nothing like the Prices.
* YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters: A lot of the tension between Rachel and Leah later in the book.

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