[[caption-width-right:329:Mma Ramotswe had a detective agency in Africa, at the foot of Kgale Hill.]]

You have probably heard of precisely two works set in Botswana. This is the one that isn't ''Film/TheGodsMustBeCrazy''.

Series of fifteen (so far) books, written by Alexander [=McCall=] Smith, involving Precious Ramotswe, Botswana's first female detective and therefore number one.

The books have been adapted for TV, with the two-hour pilot in Easter 2008, followed by a six-part series in 2009, based on the first ten books. The books were originally going to be filmed in South Africa, but Botswana's government, realising the tourism that would come its way, offered Creator/TheBBC $5 million to film there instead. So they did.

The pilot was the last work of director Anthony Minghella before his death in 2008.

There has also been a radio adaptation.

!!This book series contains examples of:
* AntiquatedLinguistics: Can come across like this to native English speakers. It seems that everyone in Botswana speaks stitled, formal, old-fashioned, and rather pompous English. TruthInTelevision, by most accounts.
* ClosetGeek: Mma Makutsi is a fan of superhero movies, though Mma Ramotswe thinks they're ridiculous.
* DarkestAfrica: Averted ''big time''. Botswana is portrayed as a modern, fairly prosperous nation, albeit one still struggling with the AIDS crisis and a lot of clashing cultural values.
* DomesticAbuser: Precious' ex-husband, jazz musician Note Mokoti. He beat her so hard she had a miscarriage.
* FullNameBasis: Mr. J.L.B. Matekoni is always referred to, and addressed, in this way.
* GoodOldWays: The old Botswana morality. Mma Ramotswe frequently bemoans the lack of it, though she picks and chooses the parts she likes. She has very modern ideas of gender and sexuality, but her ideas seem to be grounded in her belief in respecting everyone. She hates most modern technology and refuses to use computers and telephones.
* InnocentlyInsensitive: People all over Botswana will call Mma Ramotswe "fat" or a "fatty" to her face. Precious doesn't seem to mind though.
* InsistentTerminology: in the books, Mma Ramotswe always refers to herself as "traditionally built."
* LittleOldLadyInvestigates: Precious Ramotswe is not old, and definitely not little. The premise is mostly similar though.
* OrphanageOfLove: Mma Potokwane's orphan farm.
* OverlyNarrowSuperlative: The No.1 Ladies' Detective Agency happens to be the best (and only) female detective agency in Botswana.
* PrivateDetective
* RunningGag: Mr. J.L.B. Matekoni's full name. Mma Ramotswe knows what it is, but no one else does. [[spoiler:John Limpopo Basil. He doesn't like the "Basil".]]
* SassySecretary: Makutsi will not hesitate to point out that she got 97% on her exams at the Botswana Secretarial College, and is very offended at being asked to work in conditions that do not meet her exacting standards.
* SexySecretary: Mma Makutsi averts this. She only makes a half-decent stab at HotLibrarian, actually and says she doesn't like them. Her rival from secretarial college however exploits this trope in order to get jobs despite getting half of Makutsi's score.
* TokenWhite: Largely averted. There are several white people - Dr. Moffat, for instance - but they are treated no differently than the Batswana.
* WhyDidItHaveToBeSnakes: Precious is willing to wait in the dark with a rifle for a man-eating crocodile, but flees her van when she thinks a deadly snake is inside, until a man comes along and sorts out the problem for her. That doesn't stop her from taking credit for killing the snake when she wants to impress an arrogant attorney later on.

!!The TV adaptations add examples of:
* AscendedExtra: Cephas Buthulezi is only around for a few scenes in one book. He is shifty but never really causes any trouble. In the television series, he is present in two episodes and is nothing short of malicious to Mme. Ramotswe.
* FunnyBackgroundEvent: in the pilot, Mma Ramotswe and Makutsi leaving work at the end of the day, not noticing that an unhappy client has graffitied their "No 1 Ladies' Detective Agency" sign.
* KnightOfCerebus / VileVillainSaccharineShow: Creator/IdrisElba's character in the pilot is notable for being far scarier than most of the antagonists in the show, which, like the books, is fairly lighthearted and low-stakes.
* LargeHam: David Oyelowo in the pilot, Patterson Joseph as a rival detective.
* SceneryPorn: Shot on location in Botswana, the landscape shots will show anyone why Mma Ramotswe loves her country.
* TokenWhite: Completely averted, there being no white people in the series at all.
* TookALevelInBadass: J.L.B. Matekoni in the season finale.