[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Mumin_7762.png]]

First created as a series of Swedish-language children's books by Swedish-Finnish author Tove Jansson, ''Moomin'' is a well-loved franchise starring the hippo-like Moomins, who live in Moominvalley and have adventures with their friends. The cast of characters is varied, ranging from childlike humanoids to creatures from all over the world. The books themselves are surreal, often scary, somewhat philosophical, and very interactive. Following the success of the books, the franchise was extended into a comic strip, a BBC puppet show, an animated series, an anime (produced and highly popular in Japan) and a few as-yet untranslated movies.

Moomintroll, the youthful main character, is the son of Moominmamma and Moominpappa. His friends include Sniff (a mouse-like Kangaroo), Snufkin (a carefree and wise wanderer), the Snork Maiden (Moomintroll's egotistical love interest), her brother the Snork (who became a bumbling genius in the cartoon to make up for his complete lack of personality), Little My (the bratty and practical half-sister of Snufkin), the Mymble (her older sister) and a cast of thousands composed of Fillyjonks, Hemulens, Park Keepers, Tofts, Hattifatteners and one big ol' Groke -- the monstrous personification of winter depression.

The first few books were surreal, charming adventure stories for kids, which [[CerebusSyndrome gradually became darker]] and more adult. The change culminated in the final book in which Snufkin, Mymble, Toft, Grandpa Grumble and the Fillyjonk hang around at the Moominhouse waiting for the absent Moomins (whom Moominpappa has whisked off to live in a lighthouse due to a sudden mid-life crisis). The change in genre accounts for the large cult fanbase. Today, the series is still huge in both Finland and Japan, and the franchise is still very much alive.

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!!This show provided examples of:

* AccessoryWearingCartoonAnimal: Moominpappa and Moominmamma, with their respective top hat and apron.
* ActionGirl: Little My, especially in the books.
* AdaptationDistillation: The first season of the 90's series combined selected contents from both Tove's novels and her comics into a single episodic narrative while merging [[CompositeCharacter characters]] and events, simplifying and streamlining TheVerse and adding some [[AdaptationExpansion original contents into the mix]]. The result is something of a more consistent middle ground between the mood of the comic and the [[CerebusSyndrome various moods of the novels]].
* AllTrollsAreDifferent: As Moomins are apparently meant to be trolls, despite looking like adorable chubby plush toys.
* AlternativeForeignThemeSong: The [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oiZ0eBFTH6k English opening song]] is much different from the [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnOj1EyMLgg Japanese opening song]].
* AmbiguousTimePeriod: In the books and cartoons, there is no real indication to what era the Moomins live in. The technology level of Moominvalley is roughly late 19th-early 20th century, with no running water or electricity. Several forms of air travel are shown, but are the creations of eccentric inventors and not standard. In the comic strip, journeys outside the valley shows that the strip takes place in the 50's and 60s.
* AnimatedAdaptation: In fact, there were ''dozens of them''. three of them Japanese (1969, 1972 and 1990), one Polish, two German, two Russian miniseries (''[[http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL425xO8HuUCfOQX6T8MOF5_d9hs8e9_5L Moomintroll and the Comet]]'' and ''The Wizard's Hat''). Then there was an anime film based on the second book of the series, made by the same people behind the 2nd series and the 2nd half of the first series. There are also some short films too.
** A 2D film is in the works, as of 2013.
* AntlionMonster: The antlion appears in ''The Moomins and the Great Flood'', ''Finn Family Moomintroll'', and the 90's anime series ''Anime/TanoshiiMuminIkka''. In this case the antlion is a black [[VisualPun lion-like]] creature that digs {{Pit Trap}}s at a beach. In the first book, it's clearly just a fanciful version of an actual antlion, since the Moomins are tiny enough to be attacked by an insect, but later on the question of its size becomes completely paradoxical.
* AwesomeButImpractical: The basic Moomin philosophy in a nutshell -- when faced with doing something in a mundane but practical way, or a fun but inefficient way, nine times out of ten they'll go for the fun way. The result being that they don't get much done, but at least have a good time while not getting it done. This trope is particularly prominent in the comic strip and in the 1969 live-action series -- in the latter, it gets extremely bizarre when Moominmamma decides to pick hard-to-reach apples by ''firing at them with a shotgun'' instead of, say, getting a ladder.
* BalefulPolymorph: Happens to Moomintroll when he crawls into the Hobgoblin's magic hat.
* BigBad: The comet in ''Comet in Moominland''.
* BigDamnMovie: ''Comet in Moominland''.
* BlindIdiotTranslation: The Hobgoblin. His name in Swedish is Trollkarlen, which means the wizard or, more literally, the male troll. He is a gray-bearded man in fancy suit, complete with a cape, and magical top hat, [[PantheraAwesome riding a flying black panther.]] You couldn't make someone look more like a magician if you tried.
* BodyHorror: In ''Finn Family Moomintroll'' (also the very first episode of the TV show) a Moomin makes the mistake of climbing into a certain magical tophat only to be transformed into something...
* BrattyHalfPint: Little My is very much the trope codifier for the Scandinavian audience.
* CanonForeigner: The Witch and her granddaughter Alicia of the 90's TV-series.
* CanonImmigrant: Stinky doesn't appear in the original books. He first shows up in the early days of the comic strip, and after that makes appearances in various adaptations before he is finally introduced in the last Moomin story Tove Jansson wrote, ''An Unwanted Guest.'' (This particular story has not been officially translated to English, but there is an online unofficial translation [[http://www.writersaurus.co.nz/?page_id=11/ here.]])
* CerebusSyndrome: A particularly successful instance in the books; starting with ''Moominland Midwinter'' the series becomes slightly darker and much more introspective. The final two full-length novels, though still kid-friendly, are more aimed at an adult audience and end up largely [[DeconstructedTrope deconstructing]] the sunnier "family adventure" tone from the earlier books -- but without losing any sympathy for the characters. Actually Tove Jansson lamented this because she was not able to "find that happy Moominvalley" again.
* TheChewToy: Poor, poor Sniff.
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Happens in the main books to Sniff after ''The Exploits of Moominpappa'' and Snork Maiden after ''Moominland Midwinter.'' Not played completely straight, as they both make appearances in short stories afterwards.
* ClingyJealousGirl: Snorkmaiden. Especially when she swaps eyes with the wooden mermaid to attract Moomin's attention. That was creepy.
* CoolAirship: Snork spends most of the (animated) series working on perfecting his design for a flying ship.
* CoolOldGuy: Moominpappa and The Hemulen.
* ColorCodedForYourConvenience: Averted. In the popular 90's show, Moomin, Moominpapa, and the Snork are shades of blue/gray, and Moominmama and the Snorkmaiden are shades of yellow. However, the original tales have all Moomins to be white and Snorks being able to change their fur according to their mood.
* CompletelyDifferentTitle: The English translations insisted on sticking "Moomin" in every single of the books' titles to make it clearer that they were a series. Thus:
** "The Comet Is Coming" became Comet in Moominland.
** "The Hobgoblin's Hat" became Finn Family Moomintroll.
** "Dangerous Midsummer" became Moominsummer Madness.
** "Trollwinter" became Moominland Midwinter.
** "The Invisible Child (and other stories)" became Tales from Moominvalley.
** "The Father and the Sea" became Moominpappa at Sea.
** And "Late in November" became Moominvalley in November.
** Three of the other books as well. "The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My", "An Unwanted Guest" and "The Moomins and the Great Flood" was originally "What happened then?", "The Crook in the Moominhouse" and "The Tiny Trolls and the Great Flood" respectively. The last one is actually closer to what the author intended before [[ExecutiveMeddling her publisher forced her to change it]] because they where afraid [[ViewersAreMorons readers whould be turned away by a word they didn't know]].
* ComicBookAdaptation: In 1954, Tove Jansson began writing and drawing a Moomin comic strip, initially for the British ''Evening News'' newspaper but then internationally syndicated. The comic strip is broadly similar to the prose books in tone and setting, but has [[AlternateContinuity some differences]] in characterisation and plot. In the later 1950s, Jansson found creating a daily comic increasingly exhausting, and her brother Lars took over and continued the strip until 1975.
** In the '90s, there was another comic book adaptation, based on and using the character designs from the anime. Mostly it told original stories, but it did occasionally adapt some of the stories from the books. In one instance they made a follow-up to the book-version of ''Moominsummer Madness,'' with a caption advising the readers to read the original book for the backstory.
* ContinuityCavalcade: ''An Unwanted Guest,'' the last Moomin story written by Tove Jansson, despite being a short story that takes place entirely inside the Moominhouse, features ''tons'' of characters from earlier stories, both books and comics, several of which get speaking roles for the first time in decades.
* CosmicHorror: ''Moomin and the Comet Chase''
* DemotedToExtra: Sniff in the books. From being one of the primary characters in the first four books, he is inexplicably absent from the fifth and sixth, and after that only makes a handful of appearances.
** FridgeBrilliance: Since the last book in which he's a major character ends with him being re-united with his long lost parents, he probably went to live with them instead of with the Moomins.
* DistressedDamsel: Snork- 'save me from this plant'- Maiden. And though she later saves Moomintroll, she doesn't really do anything.
** DeliberatelyDistressedDamsel: In the comics it's played for laughs as she is portrayed as a silly romantic who loves getting kidnapped and rescued. [[AbductionIsLove In fact the "rescued" part might be optional]].
* DoorstopBaby: Moominpappa was left at the door of the Fillyfjonks orphanage by unknown parents.
* DubNameChange: Happened with multiple different languages it was released in; way too many to list.
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: The very first book, ''Småtrollen och den stora översvämningen'', is more of a fairy tale than any of the others, and tells the story of how Moominmamma and Moomintroll and Sniff try to find Moominpappa, who doesn't even appear until a good while in. And in the pictures, their noses are more like actual huge cartoon noses than in the other books. Furthermore, the Moomins and Sniff are described as very small, unlike in the other books (although later on, they still have interactions with the ant lion from this book as if they were so tiny). The place where everything is made of candy and which is exited via a rollercoaster is also a bit more random than is usual later on. The story is really short for a novel but there are more illustrations, so it's more of a children's storybook, and there isn't much of a plot.
* TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt: What will happen if the comet hits the Earth as predicted, in ''Comet in Moominland''. [[spoiler:The predictions end up being wrong and the world does not end after all.]]
** DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: Published in 1948, the book can easily be read as an allegory of nuclear war.
* EraSpecificPersonality: Some of the characters had slightly altered personalities in the comic strip; Moomintroll became more of a DeadpanSnarker, while Snork Maiden underwent some CharacterExaggeration and grew vainer and sillier. The most startling change was to Sniff; far from the cowardly and chlidish ButtMonkey of the books, the comic's Sniff is a shifty and amoral KarmaHoudini who's always trying out new {{Zany Scheme}}s to get rich. Mymble is also drastically altered; she's gone from a gentle eccentric to a hopeless romantic who's InLoveWithLove and ReallyGetsAround.
* FantasticDrug: In one story arc in the newspaper comic the Moomin family buys mind-expanding "LBJ pills" from a bunch of hippies (see the MushroomSamba entry below for further details). Other than that, the comic tends to [[AvertedTrope avert]] this trope, though: before purchasing the LBJ pills the Moomins try to buy some marijuana, in another story arc a supporting character gets high on opium, and the Moomins are often shown making their own moonshine.
* FilkSong: Swedish ProgressiveRock band Ritual have made several songs with Moomins references, including a whole ConceptAlbum of Moomin flik songs, "The Hemulic Voluntary Band"
** Norwegian avant-garde metal band Arcturus have a song called "Hufsa" on their album "Sideshow Symphonies". It is abut the Groke.
* FourTemperamentEnsemble: In ''Moominpappa's Memoirs/ The Exploits of Moominpappa,'' Young Moominpappa is Sanguine, Frederickson (Hodgekins in some translations) is Choleric, The Muddler is Melancholic, and The Joxter is Phlegmatic.
** Also, Moomin and his friends qualify: Moomin (Sanguine), Little My (Choleric), Sniff (Melancholic), Snuffkin (Phlegmatic) and Snork Maiden (Leukine).
* HeroicWannabe: Moomintroll, always trying to do the right thing and live up to Snufkin's example.
* GenderEqualEnsemble: The 1969 live-action TV series has ten main characters; five of them male (Moomintroll, Moominpappa, the Muddler, Sorry-Oo and the King) and five of them female (Moominmamma, Little My, Misabel, Mrs. Fillyjonk and Ms Karlsson).
* AnIcePerson: The Groke. Wherever she goes, air gets colder and the ground under her freezes.
** There's also The Lady of the Cold.
* IdiotBall: Moomins' intelligence is significantly lower in the newspaper comic strips, and it shows.
* IFeelAngry: Ninny in "The Invisible Child." The polite, timid girl gradually built up her confidence, losing her invisibility bit by bit, and shed it entirely when she finally dared to become angry.
* InterruptedSuicide: The newspaper comic starts with a rather bleak note, as Moomintroll tries to drown himself, only to bump into his long lost parents before succeeding.
* InterspeciesRomance: Believe it or not, Moomin and Snorkmaiden are two different animals, but the difference is like a dog and a wolf. The Mymble's Daughter, a humanoid creature, is the love interest of the Officer, a Hemulen.
** Sniff's mom and dad are respectively an [[FunnyAnimal anthropomorphic animal]] and a humanoid.
* ItsAllAboutMe: Moominpappa, at least in the original books.
* JerkAss: Stinky in the 1990 animation, but the plan (almost) [[CantGetAwayWithNuthin always]] [[FailureIsTheOnlyOption backfires]]. Let's recap:
** Abandoned and trapped Ninny in order to make her invisible again and force her into participating in a robbery. She's rescued by Moomin and his friends.
** Stole Moomin's mechanical wings but did not know how to operate them and was blown to sea.
** Tricked the Fillyjonk's children into almost swinging off a cliff.
** Released animals from the zoo into the Moomins' homegrown jungle, but the animals end up befriending the Moomins.
*** Lured Moomin and Snorkmaiden to the swamp as bait for the giant snake but they befriend her as well.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Little My can be one sometimes. So does Sniff. And Snork Maiden.
* JourneyToFindOneself: Snufkin definitely, with all of his going South, and to a lesser extent Moomintroll.
* LighterAndSofter: The '90s cartoon was this compared to the later books of the series, though it still kept a few undertones. It's especially apparent if you view the episodes adapting ''Moominpappa at Sea,'' which treats the journey to the lighthouse as another fun family adventure -- while the entire point of the trip in the book was that it ''wasn't'' another fun family adventure, but Moominpappa having a midlife crisis and changing things around for everyone. They also softened the character of the fisherman, and added Toft (from ''Moominvalley in November, which wasn't adapted) as a kid sidekick to make him more likeable.
* LittleMissBadass: Little My.
* LiveActionAdaptation: Two "suit actor" TV series, in 1969 and 1973, both done for Swedish television. The 1973 series, which was that year's televised advent calendar, made straight-up adaptations of ''Moominland Midwinter,'' ''Finn Family Moomintroll'' and two of the short stories from ''Tales from Moominvalley.'' The 1969 series, by contrast, was an original story with an almost half-parodic approach to the Moomins and several satirical elements.
* LowerDeckEpisode: ''Moominvalley In November'', about a few lost souls who end up in the Moomin house while the Moomin family themselves are away experiencing the events of ''Moominpappa At Sea''.
* MagicalRealism
* MasculineGirlFeminineBoy: Little My (a tough and plucky {{tomboy}}) and Sniff (sensitive, cowardly and delicate) is a non-romantic example.
* MeaningfulName: Almost the entire cast in Swedish. Most of them are LostInTranslation to English however.
* MeddlingParents: Moominpappa and Moominmamma are a very inverted form of this. They allow their son to travel miles away from home into the path of a fast approaching comet, for instance. Moominmamma even approves ''smoking,'' saying it's "good for the stomach".
** Of course in the other times they meddle in a different sort of way, demanding to come along for the irresponsible adventure, or dragging the younger generation along for one they themselves cooked up.
** Apparently they were based on Jansson's own bohemian parents.
* MisunderstoodLonerWithAHeartOfGold: Despite her first two appearances, The Groke is later revealed to be a sad and lonely person who just wants friends and is not so evil after all. But that gives little to no comfort to all children who were scared to death by her. Or the fact that if she hugged anyone, they'd freeze solid.
* {{Mooning}}: In the newspaper comic strip, each long-term arc begins with a panel of Moomintroll's butt.
* MushroomSamba: Different for each version: The original comics had the family take a vacation in [[{{Portmanteau}} "Torrelorca"]], where they ended up experimenting with made up but still obviously illegal drugs which were said to "free their true selves", which in their case just meant that they sat on a beach a week straight, staring at the sun and as a result missed their flight back home. In the animated adaption, they instead found some mushrooms that spread their spores around and caused whoever inhaled them to become [[DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything listless and easily amused.]]
* NiceHat: Moominpappa and Snufkin both.
** And the wizard...er...Hobgoblin too.
** Don't forget The Joxter.
* SliceOfLife: Outside the whole adventure part, there were elements of this.
* NoAntagonist
* NoNameGiven: Sniff in ''The Moomins and the Great Flood''; he's just called "the small creature".
* NotAllowedToGrowUp: Averted with Moomintroll in the books. If you read the books in chronological order, you'll notice that he ''is'' growing up, becoming more independent and self-reliant. In ''Moominpappa At Sea,'' Moominmamma even mentions to Moominpappa that their son isn't as little anymore.
** Played straight in most of the adaptations, though.
* TheObiWan: Snufkin, of course.
* OlderSidekick: Probably Snufkin and maybe Sniff, but time doesn't really seem to apply in Moomin Valley.
** Sniff definitely comes across as younger than Moomintroll in the books (especially ''Comet in Moominland''), but in the various adaptations it's hard to say one way or the other.
* OurDragonsAreDifferent: Tiny, six-legged, animal intelligence, almost extinct. Can fly and breathe fire.
* ParentalAbandonment: For the most part, the only one whose parents we see is Moomin. True, readers get a reunion of Snufkin's and Sniff's at the end of ''Moominpappa's Memoirs''/ ''The Exploits of Moominpappa'', but after that, there is no mention of anyone else's parents. Moominpappa himself was left on the steps of an orphanage as an infant.
* PlantPerson: The Hattifatteners, thin, ghost-like creatures indigenous to the Solitary Isle are actually plants, or more specifically, a kind of animated mushroom, that grow from spores. Despite having large, cartoonish eyes, they are mostly blind, and "see" through sensing vibrations in the ground. They also have the ability to store static electricity, which makes them incredibly dangerous during thunderstorms, when they congegrate in large groups and become supercharged.
* ShesAManInJapan: The Groke, out of all translations, is referred to as male in the Icelandic and hebrew ones.
* SiblingYinYang: Loud My vs. quiet Snufkin. Messy My and Snufkin vs. clean, presentable Mymble. Self-obsessed, idiotic, fashionable Snork Maiden vs. clever, bumbling Snork. If you have a sibling, you're going to be his or her opposite.
** In the 1990 cartoon at least. In the books Mymble is less clean and presentable and Snork is less obviously different from his sister too.
* SingleSpecimenSpecies: The Groke.
* SensitiveGuyAndManlyMan: Sniff is so cowardly and delicate, that Moomin and Snufkin have no problem looking manly in comparison.
* TertiarySexualCharacteristics: Moominpappa's top hat, Moominmamma's apron and handbag, and the Snork Maiden's fringe and anklet.
* TimeMachine: The Moomins have one in the newspaper comic and there are occasional storylines where they travel back in time to some historical epoch -- usually because Moominpappa is sick of modern life and longs for the glory and romance of times long past. In every single one of these storylines he'd discover that the "good old days" weren't as good, glorious or romantic as he'd imagined them.
* TomboyAndGirlyGirl: My is the tough and plucky tomboy, Snork Maiden is the emotional and delicate girly-girl.
* TouchOfDeath: The Snow Maiden, who only appears out on the ocean ice during the middle of the pitch dark winter, has a touch that instantly freezes anything it touches solid.
* TragicMonster: The Groke. She isn't really evil, she's just lonely. Too bad she's a WalkingWasteland.
* TrademarkFavoriteFood: Moomin, and most of the other characters for that matter, have an affinity for Moominmammas pancakes and strawberry jam preserves. This is most noteable in the novels.
* VileVillainSaccharineShow: Moominvalley is, at least at a very quick glance, somewhat of a saccharine world in the early novels and some of the adaptations. The Groke on the other hand, especially in her earliest appearances, is truly horrifying.
* WalkingWasteland: The Groke. If she stays on the same spot for too long the ground she stands on becomes permanently infertile.
* WideEyedIdealist: Moomin again.
* WidgetSeries: Not as much a Weird Japanese Thing as a Weird Finnish Thing.
* YamatoNadeshiko: Moominmamma fits this trope perfectly - "submissive, loyal, mature, humble, but definitely not a pushover" - though, like so many other things, it's [[DeconstructedTrope Deconstructed]] in the final two novels. Curiously enough, the Deconstruction is most apparent and visible in the very last novel, ''Moominvalley in November'', in which Moominmamma doesn't even appear. She is, however, constantly referred to by the other characters and appears in the dreams and stories of the orphan Toft, who doesn't have a mother and whose expectations and hopes about her gets more exaggerated and caricature-like during the course of the novel. Finally, he has to confront the fact that the ultimate YamatoNadeshiko that's developed in his dreams is not a real person at all and deep down he doesn't want Moominmamma to be like that.
* YouAreNumberSix: During his time at the Fillyfjonks orphanage, Moominpappa was labeled Number 13, because the Fillyfjonk couldnt be bothered to remember everyone's names.
* YouGottaHaveBlueHair: Tullipa in The Great Flood.

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