->''"flavaque de viridi stillabant ilice mella." [[note]](And golden honey was dripping from a green oak tree.)[[/note]]''
-->--'''Ovid''', ''The Metamorphoses'', Bk.I:112

''The Metamorphoses'', completed in 8 AD, is a NarrativePoem by the Roman poet Publius Ovidius Naso, better known today as Creator/{{Ovid}}. The fifteen books of the poem consist of many stories from [[ClassicalMythology Greek and Roman mythology]].

These stories range from the origin of the world from Chaos to the deification of Caesar and the celebration of Augustus's rule over Rome. Countless tales from mythology are told in between, including the stories of "Apollo and Daphne," "Orpheus and Eurydice," "Baucis and Philemon," "Daedalus and Icarus," et cetera.

''The Metamorphoses'' has served as an enormous influence throughout the ages; today, it remains one of the best classical sources for many myths. Creator/{{Shakespeare}}, notably, borrowed from or was inspired by various stories in the collection. ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' parallels many aspects of "Pyramus and Thisbe", a myth which also appears as a [[ShowWithinAShow play within a play]] in ''Theatre/AMidsummerNightsDream''. In Act V of ''Theatre/TheTempest'', one of Prospero's speeches is strikingly similar to a speech Medea makes in Book VII of ''The Metamorphoses''. Additionally, ''Theatre/TitusAndronicus'' bears various similarities to the story of Philomena, and Lavinia actually points out the passage to tell her father and uncle what had happened to her. (Incidentally, it also resembles the story of Io, although that resemblance is not pointed out specifically.)

Ovid's ''Metamorphoses'' is available online [[http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/ovid.html here]]... (What, can't read the Latin? [[GrumpyOldMan Kids these days]]... A.S.Kline's English translation is available [[http://etext.virginia.edu/latin/ovid/trans/Ovhome.htm here.]])

Not to be confused with Creator/FranzKafka's ''Literature/TheMetamorphosis''.
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!!''The Metamorphoses'' provides examples of:
* ActionGirl: The huntress Atalanta, who shows up in a couple of stories.
* AdamAndEvePlot: The story of Deucalion and Pyrrha.
* AllLoveIsUnrequited: Apollo and Daphne, Narcissus and Echo, Arethusa and Alpheus, to name a few.
* AllStarCast: The stories center on many well known figures and heroes. The Calydonian Boar Hunt in particular brings ''many'' of them together.
** NotAsYouKnowThem. With the exception of [[ActionGirl Atalanta]], the assembled Greek heroes pretty much EpicFail. [[BadassGrandpa Nestor]] ends up [[LetsGetOutOfHere climbing a tree to escape danger]].
* ALoadOfBull: The Minotaur.
* AngelUnaware: Philemon and Baucis give food and lodging to a disguised Jupiter and Mercury.
* {{Animorphism}}
* AnthropomorphicPersonification: A couple of the characters are personifications of abstract concepts, such as Sleep or Hunger.
* AuthorTract: Possibly Pythagoras' hella long speech near the end of the poem.
* BalefulPolymorph: ''Many'' examples, inflicted upon mere mortals by the gods.
* BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor: Midas.
* {{Bifauxnen}}: Apparently Iphis, considering that Ianthe (who ignores her true gender) can't wait for their wedding night...
* BittersweetEnding: More often than not.
* BlackComedy: Icarus' death is written in a playful manner in the original Latin. In English, the humor has been LostInTranslation.
* BlindSeer: Tiresias.
* BreakTheHaughty: Niobe, oh so much. She [[BlasphemousBoast boasts she's a better mother than the goddess Latona]]. [[ParentsInDistress Latona's children]] then go and kill [[DisproportionateRevenge all 14 of Niobe's children, causing her husband to commit suicide]] and [[HowTheMightyHaveFallen Niobe herself turns to stone in her grief]]. See {{Hubris}} below.
* BrotherSisterIncest: A one-sided case with Byblis and her brother Caunus. While Byblis likes him, and admits her feelings, he is completely disgusted by her affection.
* CrossoverCosmology: The Egyptian gods appear a few times. Io is worshipped as Isis, according to the story, while the Olympians become the Egyptian gods while hiding from Typhoeus. Isis also plays an important role in the story of Iphis and Ianthe.
* CruelAndUnusualDeath: Oh so many. There is a [[NightmareFuel graphic]] [[{{Squick}} depiction]] of a satyr being [[DisproportionateRetribution flayed alive]] [[{{Hubris}} for losing to Apollo in a music contest.]] Additionally, Actaeon is [[{{Metamorphosis}} transformed]] into a [[{{Animorphism}} stag]] and torn apart by his own dogs (See DoesNotLikeMen, below).
* DisproportionateRetribution: Juno, especially. For example, she sends a horrific plague upon the island of Aegina, killing hundreds. Why? Because the island is named after a woman who slept with Jupiter, king of the gods. See also the above example of the flaying.
* DoesNotLikeMen: Diana. She reacts poorly when Actaeon accidentally stumbles across the pool where she's bathing.
** Possibly Daphne too, or possibly she simply didn't like Apollo in particular.
* DoubleStandard: cross with ValuesDissonance: Iphis goes on a long monolog about how wrong and unnatural is love between two women but the poem has also many relationships between men (Zeus and Ganymede, Apollo and Hyacinthus...) that are not treated the same way.
* DrivenByEnvy
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin
* ExtraEyes: Argus, though they don't help him once he falls asleep.
* FirstLove: Apollo's first love was Daphne, which was not caused by unwitting chance, but by the fierce wrath of Cupid...
* {{Flight}}
* FriendToAllLivingThings: Orpheus.
* FoodChains: Proserpina in the Underworld.
* GadgeteerGenius: Daedalus. Also his young nephew, Perdix/Talus, who gets tossed down the Acropolis and turned into a bird.
* GenderBender: Mostly female-to-male transformations, though Tiresias went male-to-female and back again.
* [[MyFriendsAndZoidberg The Gods And Juno]]: In later books, the text goes out of its way to show how affected the gods were by an event by mentioning that Juno herself is moved by it.
** For Hecuba, it's actually to point out that even Trojans' worst enemy [[PetTheDog feels bad for their queen.]]
* {{Gotterdammerung}}: The beginning of the poem, with the deposing of the Titans.
* TheGreatFlood
* GroinAttack: How Adonis is killed.
* HappilyMarried: Baucis and Philemon.
* HideYourLesbians: Despite their love, Iphis can't be happy with Ianthe until she's finally turned into a boy. Mainly because of ValuesDissonance.
* {{Hubris}}: There's a lot of [[BlasphemousBoast that going on]]. TemptingFate is not a good idea. See BreakTheHaughty above.
* IWantGrandkids: Said to Daphne by her father. Often.
* {{Jerkass}}
** JerkassGods: Though they arguably get better over time. Maybe not to the point of TookALevelInKindness, but they are a little more sympathetic.
* JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope: Medea. Unlike in other versions of the story where she is a tragic figure, Ovid's version has her using her magic to kill random people for no reason, even before Jason ever wrongs her. No explanation is ever given for her actions.
** Although we know that Ovid wrote a [[MissingEpisode lost play named Medea]], so he doesn't need to cover her twice.
* JumpingTheGenderBarrier: Iphis for Ianthe.
* KillItWithFire: Though not much is made of it, Jupiter seems to be uncomfortable with fire, apparently remembering a vague prophecy about how fire would one day be the end of him. He remembers this while Phaethon nearly burns Heaven and Earth while driving Apollo's chariot.
* LoveAtFirstSight: Not that it's [[AllLoveIsUnrequited requited]], mind you.
* LoveImbuesLife: Galatea.
* LoveMakesYouCrazy
* [[ManipulativeBastard Manipulative Bitch]]: Venus in the tale of Ceres and Proserpina. Pluto falling in love with Proserpina was her idea (with Cupid' help, of course), as doing so would a.) allow her power (love) to spread to the Underworld, thereby claiming it along with Earth and Sky as under her domain, and b.) doing so would prevent Proserpina from remaining a virgin, thus allowing her to defy Venus, as Minerva and Diana had done.
* MayDecemberRomance: There's a generational gap between Pluto and Proserpina. One way to interpret this is Pluto appearing as like a middle-aged man, while Proserpina would be physically in her mid-to-late teens.
* MayflyDecemberRomance: Venus and Adonis.
* {{Metamorphosis}}: [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Every single story has one]], albeit sometimes one that's only tangential to the main point. Many of them are into birds and trees, often as escape or punishment (which is sometimes both).
* TheMourningAfter: Defied with Baucis and Philemon; their wish to die at the same time is granted by the gods.
* MundaneMadeAwesome: Ovid uses language and style associated with epics to describe things like the appetizers in Roman peasants' dinner.
* NamesTheSame: Cygnus is a pretty popular name, with at least three appearing; they also tend to be turned into swans. There are also at least two Scyllas.
* OffingTheOffspring
* OurWerewolvesAreDifferent: The gods punish Lycaon by transforming him into a wolf. He's said to retain some human traits, much like many werewolves in modern pop culture.
* ParentalIncest: Myrrha (daughter) and Cinyras (father); entirely unintentional on the latter's behalf. When he learns the truth, he is clearly repulsed.
* PatrioticFervor: Theoretically Book 15. In reality, probably quite TongueInCheek, seeing as this is [[TheExile Ovid]] (as he'll later be).
* {{Patronymic}}
* ThePowerOfLove
* PlotHole: There are several, since it is based on conflicting mythology.
** Generally deliberate allusions, rather than accidental confusions. For example, the narrator directly calls the Argo the "first ship", despite the fact we'll already had several voyages in the narrative.
** Orpheus is the son of Apollo and a Muse, yet he is presented as mortal, while other god-children like Mars and Proserpina are shown to be immortal.
* {{Pride}}: A recurring theme; it usually spells the downfall of many a mortal. Can also cross over with DidYouJustFlipOffCthulhu, such as in the case of Niobe and the Titaness Latona.
* PurpleProse: Well, poetry, but still.
* PygmalionPlot: One of the stories told in the poem, and one of the few with a truly happy ending.
* RaisedAsTheOppositeGender: Iphis' mother raises her daughter as a boy on divine orders to avoid exposing her at birth.
* RomanticTwoGirlFriendship: Iphis and Ianthe, though the former doesn't dare to reveal her true sex and the latter thinks (s)he's her groom-to-be.
* SacredHospitality: Hospitality is extremely important, particularly in the Baucis and Philemon story. They get turned into trees for their trouble (it's actually rather sweet).
* ScyllaAndCharybdis: Faced by Aeneas at one point.
* SecondHandStorytelling: The whole thing is a collection of earlier myths and folktales, which are occasionally told by characters in-story. If you're not paying close attention, [[RecursiveReality it can get confusing]]...
** The worst (best?) example of that is Alpheus. In order: A visiting Athena is told by an unnamed Muse how Calliope in a competition was singing how [[KnowsAGuyWhoKnowsAGuy Arethusa was telling Ceres what Alpheus said]].
* SeparatedByTheWall: Pyramus and Thisbe, who can only communicate through the literal wall separating their parents' properties.
* SmiteMeOhMightySmiter: Myrrha, after she gets pregnant [[spoiler:with her father's child. She gets turned into a myrrh tree, but still gives birth to a boy]].
* StarCrossedLovers: Pyramus and Thisbe.
* TagTeamSuicide: Pyramus, thinking Thisbe has been killed by a lion, commits suicide. Thisbe discovers his body, and kills herself with the same sword he used.
* TalkingTheMonsterToDeath: Mercury tells the hundred-eyed monster Argos a story that causes Argos to fall asleep, upon which Mercury kills him.
* ToHellAndBack: Orpheus and Eurydice.
* TrappedInAnotherWorld: Proserpina is abducted and brought to the Underworld.
* VoluntaryShapeshifting: Not very common (except when used by gods), but the daughter of Erysichthon has this ability.
* WerewolfThemeNaming: The name of King Lycaon, who is turned into a wolf by Zeus, already contains "lycos", the Greek word for 'wolf'.
* WretchedHive: Thrace, having Mars as a patron deity, tends to be filled with rather [[{{Understatement}} unkind]] men, Orpheus being the exception.
* WholesomeCrossdresser: Since Iphis' father wanted [[HeirClubForMen a male heir]] so badly, her true sex was concealed and she was raised as a man.
* WomanScorned: Juno and Medea are the most egregious examples.
* WordOfDante
* YouCantFightFate: With the Greek myths, which take up a good three-quarters of the poem. The Roman myths? Not so much.
* YouCantGoHomeAgain: This was the case for Aeneas in one of the many stories, who had escaped the recently destroyed Troy.
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