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->"''[[CouldSayItBut We shall not attempt to give the reader an idea of that tetrahedron nose - that horse-shoe mouth - that small left eye over-shadowed by a red bushy brow, while the right eye disappeared entirely under an enormous wart - of those straggling teeth with breaches here and there like the battlements of a fortress - of that horny lip, over which one of those teeth projected like the tusk of an elephant - of that forked chin - and, above all, of the expression diffused over the whole-that mixture of malice, astonishment, and melancholy.]] Let the reader, if he can, figure to himself this combination.''"

The ''[[Literature/LesMiserables other]]'' famous novel by Creator/VictorHugo. Written in 1831, ''Notre Dame de Paris'', known in English as ''The Hunchback of Notre Dame'', is a rich, meandering tale that addresses [[AllLoveIsUnrequited messy relationships]], fate, and the future of architecture in 1482. The English title is a misnomer, since the protagonist of the story is Esmeralda, the original title being a metaphor on the cathedral who serves as the central location of the novel, and Esmeralda herself (though one could argue the cathedral is itself a character). Victor Hugo strongly protested against the English title, as it turns the focus from the cathedral onto the characters.

The hunchback is Quasimodo, the deaf, one-eyed, hunchbacked, monstrously ugly bell-ringer of Notre-Dame Cathedral in [[GayParee Paris]]. Abandoned outside the church at the age of four, he was taken in out of kindness by the Archdeacon of Josas, Claude Frollo, who raised him in the church and introduced him to the bells.

When the hitherto chaste Frollo sees the gypsy girl Esmeralda dancing in the street one day, he finds himself stricken with lust, and doesn't know how to deal with it. So, sure as LoveMakesYouEvil, he grabs Quasimodo (for muscle) and tries to kidnap her. The attempt is foiled by Phoebus, Captain of the Archers. It is spectacularly ''not'' foiled by lovable slacker-poet Pierre Gringoire, who gets knocked out trying to save the girl.

Later that night, however, Esmeralda temporarily marries the poet, to [[CitizenshipMarriage save his life]] from her friends at the [[JokerJury Court of Miracles]]. That doesn't mean she's going to let her new "husband" touch her, mind you, or that she's going to give up her dreams of marrying Phoebus. Phoebus likes the look of her, himself, and although he's already engaged to his teenage cousin Fleur-de-Lys, he's not opposed to a bit on the side.

Esmeralda's kindness to Quasimodo when he is in the stocks for the kidnapping attempt (Frollo having let him [[TakingTheHeat take the fall]]) makes her an angel in Quasimodo's mind, and he is henceforth devoted to her. This eventually, and painfully, puts him in conflict with Frollo, whose combination of lust and loathing for Esmeralda makes him [[VillainousBreakdown increasingly unstable]].

Amidst the drama and tragedy resulting from everybody's fatal obsessions, Hugo includes leisurely chapters on the architecture of Paris and the expected impact of the newly-developed printing press.

Adaptations in English include the [[Disney/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame the 1996 Disney animated adaptation]], and [[Film/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame two live-action film versions]] from {{Universal}}: the first was released in 1923 with Creator/LonChaney as Quasimodo, and the second in 1939 with Creator/CharlesLaughton in the role. The 1956 French film version starred Creator/AnthonyQuinn as Quasimodo.

Other adaptations include a French-language rock opera called ''Theatre/NotreDameDeParis''.
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!!This novel provides examples of the following tropes:
* AccidentalMarriage: Esmeralda enters a four-year "gypsy marriage" with Gringoire in order to save his life.
* AccidentalMisnaming: Phoebus can't be bothered to remember Esmeralda's name, so he usually just takes a stab at it.
* AdaptationalHeroism / AdaptationalVillainy: Phoebus is a courageous yet selfish {{Jerkass}}. Many screen adaptations tends to make him either an outright villain or a hero.
* AgonyOfTheFeet: Esmeralda is threatened with having her foot crushed in a vise unless she confesses to Pheobus's murder.
* AintTooProudToBeg: When he's about to be executed, Gringoire begs for his life to the King quite verbosely. It works.
* AllLoveIsUnrequited: Frollo, Quasimodo and (to a lesser extent) Gringoire are in love with Esmeralda, who only has eyes for Phoebus, who is engaged to Fleur-de-lys and only interested in Esmeralda for sex.
* AmbiguousGender: At least in the English translation, Djali is referred to with masculine and feminine pronouns, with Esmeralda specifically stating, "''She'' is [her] sister." Gringoire notes that the innocent and na´ve Esmeralda does not seem to distinguish between male and female.
* AnnoyingArrows: Arrows don't have much of an effect on Quasimodo.
* AntiVillain / TragicVillain: Frollo. He was originally a good man. When baby Quasimodo was abandoned on the cathedral's foundlings bed, nobody would take him because of his ugliness, except Frollo, who raised him like a son. He also raised his younger brother, Jehan when their parents died, and supported him later, even though he disapproved of Jehan's lifestyle. He did evil things only because of his obsessive and unrequited love for Esmeralda, and it's described how much he's suffering (being aware that you're slowly going insane is NOT a pleasant process.)
* AnyoneCanDie: By the end of the story, only [[spoiler:Phoebus, Fleur-de-Lys, Gringoire and Djali]] are left alive.
* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: At the end [[spoiler: nearly everybody dies]], Phoebus also has a tragic ending. [[spoiler: He got married]].
* AttemptedRape: Frollo tries to rape Esmeralda one night in the bell tower, until Quasimodo comes and nearly kills him before he recognizes Frollo. When he does, he completely submits to him, and Esmeralda uses a dagger to threaten Frollo out of the room.
* AuthorFilibuster: But they're interesting. It's Victor Hugo's M.O.
* AuthorStandIn: Gringoire.
* BecauseYouWereNiceToMe: Quasimodo's devotion to Esmeralda starts when she shows him kindness and brings him water on the scaffold even though the only reason he's up there is because he tried to kidnap her at Frollo's behest.
* BurnTheWitch: Esmeralda is charged with witchcraft, among other offenses. However, she's sentenced to death by hanging, not by burning at the stake.
* ButIWouldReallyEnjoyIt: What kicks off the plot.
* ByronicHero: Frollo.
* ComeToGawk
* ContrivedCoincidence: mostly in the sub-plot about Esmeralda's search for her mother.
* {{Deconstruction}}: Phoebus is a fitting deconstruction of the KnightInShiningArmor, as he does manage to save Esmeralda from Quasimodo and Frollo in the beginning, although rather than being chivalrous and noble, he is a drunk, a womanizer, and a bully, with virtually no idealistic qualities, behaving more like...well, like a medieval soldier. Likewise, Esmeralda, as the 16-year-old DistressedDamsel, is also fickle, foolish, and hopelessly idealistic. Interestingly enough, the Disney version decided it would be easier to play the tropes straight.
* {{Demonization}}: [[TheFilmOfTheBook Film adaptations]] often omit Frollo's compassionate side and present him as an evil villain with a selfish motivation behind raising Quasimodo. Creator/{{Disney}}'s 1996 [[Disney/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame adaptation]] especially.
* DoorstopBaby: Quasimodo was abandoned outside the church and adopted by Frollo.
* DownerEnding
* DeathIsDramatic
* DidNotGetTheGirl: "Why was I not made of stone like thee?"
* DisneyVillainDeath: Frollo's death scene actually happens in a vaguely similar way to the Disney version, for once. The big difference is that [[spoiler: it was Quasimodo who threw him off to his doom, in a fit of rage after Esmeralda was hanged]], and there is no molten copper in the book. Instead, Frollo falls onto the roof of a house, rolls off and hits the pavement.
* DistantFinale: The ending takes place generations later [[spoiler:when a group of surveyors discover two long-rotted corpses TogetherInDeath]].
* DoesNotLikeShoes: Esmeralda in some adaptations, most notably the 1956 film version with Lollobrigida.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler:Quasimodo, having seen or participated in the deaths of everyone he loves]]
* FaceHeelTurn / JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope: [[LoveMakesYouEvil Frollo]]
* FamilyUnfriendlyDeath: [[spoiler:the amount of detail of Frollo's last moments was slightly nauseating, especially when you're used to [[DisneyVillainDeath portrayals]] in which death by falling is quick and clean]].
* FauxInterracialRelationship: Esmeralda is actually a French girl swapped for Quasimodo.
* FleurDeLis: The name of a character, among other things
* GentleGiant: Semi-averted. Except to the people he loves (all two of them), Quasimodo is unsociable, violent, and mean.
* GoThroughMe: Quasimodo's solution to his dual loyalties to Frollo and Esmeralda.
* TheGrotesque: Quasimodo.
* TheHedonist: Jehan Frollo is the 15th century equivalent of a frat boy. Supposedly a student, he spends all of his freetime and (his brother's) money on hedonistic pursuits: expensive clothes, parties, and courting loose women.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: King Louis XI. Gringoire was also a real person.
* HopeSpot: [[spoiler:When it turns out that Gudule is actually Esmeralda's mother, she hides Esmeralda in her cell, and it seems that she will escape the executioners. Gudule manages to convince the soldiers that Esmeralda ran away, and they are about to leave... but just then, Esmeralda hears Phoebus' voice and cries out for Phoebus to help her. Phoeus doesn't even hear her, but the soldiers grab her and take her to the gallows. Gudule is killed while trying to protect her.]]
* HotGypsyWoman: Esmeralda fits the appearance, but not the personality; she's quite innocent and a virgin, rather than fiery and worldly. Furthermore, [[spoiler:she was raised by Gypsies, but not one by birth.]]
* TheIngenue: Again, Esmeralda, especially the negative features of such a character.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Quasimodo does what he can to make Esmeralda happy, including acting as a messenger to Phoebus, whom he knows to be a jerk.
* ImplicitPrison - The cathedral serves as this for Esmeralda when she [[SeekingSanctuary avoids arrest by staying there]].
* InWhichATropeIsDescribed: The chapter titles, as was the style in the day. For example, "The Inconveniences of Following a Pretty Woman through the Streets in the Evening" or "The Retreat in which Monsieur Louis of France says his Prayers".
* {{Jerkass}}: Phoebus, and to a lesser extent, Jehan Frollo.
* JokerJury: Gringoire's trial in the Court of Miracles.
* JustWhistle: Quasimodo gives Esmeralda a literal whistle for this purpose.
* KarmaHoudini: Phoebus, who has no problem taking advantage of Esmeralda's innocence, or [[spoiler:letting her die]] on trumped up charges [[spoiler:including charges of his own murder]]. However, he suffers a tragic fate at the end: he gets married.
* KillEmAll: Seriously. Who doesn't die in this book? [[spoiler:Gringoire, Djali, Phoebus and Fleur-de-Lys. And that's about it.]]
* KnightInShiningArmor: Phoebus more or less fits this trope, especially in Esmeralda's eyes. He's still a jerk, though.
* LaughingMad: Frollo, when he completely loses it at the end.
* LostInImitation: Quasimodo is originally a secondary character, but his role has been exaggerated and romanticized in the public mind though many adaptations. The architectural themes have generally been minimized.
* LovableCoward: Gringoire. He tries to do his best to help save Esmeralda, but when his own neck is at stake he decides he'd rather not.
* LoveDodecahedron: Frollo, Quasimodo, Phoebus, and Gringoire are all attracted to Esmeralda, who is married to Gringoire, but has eyes only for Phoebus, who is engaged to Fleur-de-Lys.
* LoveAtFirstSight: Esmeralda for Phoebus, Frollo for Esmeralda (albeit a lot less purely).
* LoveMakesYouEvil: Frollo's unhealthy obsession with Esmeralda drives the plot.
* LoveMartyr: Esmeralda
* MaleGaze: Every description of Esmeralda. Did we really need the details of her half-dressed state, her "waving locks, more lustrous than the raven's wing", her "half-naked shoulders" and "bare legs" -- as she's being dragged to the gallows?
* MarketBasedTitle: Published in the original French as ''Notre-Dame de Paris'', usually published in English as ''The Hunchback of Notre-Dame''.
* MeaningfulName: "Quasi modo" in Latin translates to "almost standard". The Disney film tells us it means half-formed.
** Actually, the name is in line with common medieval naming conventions, Quasi modo actually means "Similar to", and is derived from the Introit of the day he was found, which starts with "Like newborn babies". Meaningful nonetheless, though.
* MrViceGuy: Gringoire is deemed a coward by the other characters but otherwise is easily the nicest character in the book.
* NonHumanSidekick: Believe it or not, Djali, Esmeralda's adorable and intelligent goat, is not a [[{{Disneyfication}} Disney creation]].
* Theatre/OedipusRex: Both Quasimodo and his father-figure are in love with the same woman.
* OnlyOneName: Quasimodo and Esmeralda.
* OrphansPlotTrinket: Esmeralda has an amulet which is supposed to help her find her mother.
* PromotionToParent: Frollo's parents die while he's a young man, leaving him to raise his baby brother, and then Quasimodo, whom he adopts.
* PureIsNotGood: Quasimodo and Frollo have no idea how to deal with sexual frustration since they've lived all their lives away from the opposite sex.
* RescueRomance: Esmeralda and Phoebus.
* RightHandVersusLeftHand: See TheSiege, below.
* UsefulNotes/{{Roma|ni}}: Esmeralda [[spoiler:but not really]]. Probably Quasimodo, by birth.
* SceneryPorn: Hugo goes into a ''lot'' of detail when describing his beloved cathedral.
* SeekingSanctuary: Everyone knows this scene.
* SexIsEvilAndIAmHorny: Hinted at with Frollo.
* SexlessMarriage: The one between Esmeralda and Gringoire.
* ShooOutTheClowns: [[spoiler:Jehan's death]] acts as a gigantic "Bad End Incoming" flag.
** Gringoire leaving with Djali also qualifies.
* ShownTheirWork: Just say Victor Hugo's novels are educational.
* TheSiege: Quasimodo bravely and single-handedly defends the cathedral against an armed horde. Who were trying to rescue Esmeralda. NiceJobBreakingItHero
* SinisterMinister: Frollo, but only because [[LoveMakesYouEvil love made him evil]].
* SoBeautifulItsACurse: If Esmeralda was unattractive, or even if she was just ''slightly less'' attractive, none of the bad things in the novel would've happened.
* StalkerWithACrush: Frollo again. Quasimodo, too. And Esmeralda is this to Phoebus.
* TakingTheHeat: Only Quasimodo is punished for the initial kidnapping attempt.
* ThievesCant: Argot features heavily here, being that it focuses so much on gypsies.
* TheTramp: The entire Court of Miracles.
* TogetherInDeath: [[spoiler:Quasimodo and Esmeralda.]]
* TooDumbToLive: Esmeralda takes on ''severe'' shades of this [[spoiler: when she's hiding in her mother's cell, trying to evade detection by the guards...and getting away with it...only to dash for the window and start crying for Phoebus the moment she hears his voice]].
* TorchesAndPitchforks
* VirginPower: Esmeralda has an amulet which is supposed to help her find her mother, but believes it will only work so long as she is a virgin.
* WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds: For those used to how Frollo was in the Disney version, his characterization here (a man who tried so hard to be genuinely ''good'' that his perverse lust drives him tragically insane) can be a bit surprising.
** Quasimodo also qualifies; sure he's a nasty little misanthrope, but considering the fact that he's pretty much been rejected by society at large because of his appearance, can you really blame him?
* WritersSuck: Gringoire's career as a poet is an abject failure. The opening chapters make clear that no one except him is paying any attention to his mystery play.
* WronglyAccused: Esmeralda is arrested for [[spoiler:stabbing Phoebus]], which was actually done by [[spoiler: Frollo in a fit of jealousy]].
* {{Yandere}}: Frollo.
* YankTheDogsChain: An especially cruel example. [[spoiler:Esmeralda's mother, Paquette, was a prostitute who doted upon her daughter. When Esmeralda was kidnapped by Gypsies when she was still a baby, Paquette was completely devastated and became an anchoress, spending fifteen years in a small cell, repenting and begging for God to give her back her daughter. They're eventually reunited... only for Esmeralda to be taken away to be executed almost immediately afterwards. Paquette is killed while trying to prevent Esmeralda's arrest.]]
* YoungerThanTheyLook: Archdeacon Claude Frollo is only 36 years old yet he is nearly bald, with only a few white hairs on his head.

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