''The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling'', also known as simply ''Tom Jones'', is a classic {{picaresque}} novel by Henry Fielding, telling [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the adventures of the title protagonist]], a deeply honorable HandsomeLech. It is full of social {{parody}} both subtle and ham-handed. It has been adapted as a film (1963), a TV series (1997), and in opera form.

The 1963 film, titled simply ''Tom Jones'', starred Creator/AlbertFinney as Tom. It won four [[AcademyAward Oscars]], including Best Picture, Best Director for Tony Richardson, and Best Adapted Screenplay. ''Three'' of the actresses in the film got Best Supporting Actress nominations, but none of them won.

Not to be confused with Music/TomJones the singer--in fact, Tom Jones the singer took his stage name from the film.
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!! ''The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling'' contains examples of:

* AdaptationDistillation: Both the 1960s film and the 1990s miniseries are very faithful to the spirit of the novel and to its content to a fairly large extent (more so in the latter). The latter arguably improves on the book in its presentation of Sophia and its decision to pair Partridge and Mrs. Honour.
* AbhorrentAdmirer: Blifil and Lord Fellamar for Sophia, Lady Bellaston for Tom.
* BetterThanABareBulb: Fielding loves to comment on the tropes he is using.
* BoisterousBruiser: Squire Western is a classic example, and played by BrianBlessed no less in the 1990s series.
** And then there's [[LargeHam Hugh Griffith's]] performance in the film.
* {{Bowdlerization}}: The 1997 miniseries lost some very explicit sex when it was aired in the United States.
* ChickMagnet / ChivalrousPervert / HandsomeLech: Ladies really love Tom Jones, and he usually returns the favors and, being a naturally kind-hearted fella, genuinely cares about them. At different times, he shows traits of all three tropes.
* HaveAGayOldTime: Hoo boy.... The amount of time spent touching, caressing, kissing, and talking about [[GetYourMindOutOfTheGutter Sophie's muff]].
* HeroicBastard: Tom himself
* HollywoodAtheist: Inverted with Square who basically chooses atheism as an excuse for wrongdoing (because, you know, atheists are immoral) and admittedly, he [[HeelFaithTurn reforms at the end with a death bed conversion]]. On the other hand, he's still always more likable than the HolierThanThou Thwackum and it's clear that he could have been a perfectly good person following his atheistic philosophy.
* HotBlooded: Western.
* IncestIsRelative: Tom Jones, you need to be more careful about whom you sleep with...
* AManIsNotAVirgin: Except Blifil. As another example of his hypocritical virtue.
* MeaningfulName: Oh, where to begin...
** Sophie = Wisdom (our hero is on a quest to...dare I say...''acquire'' Sophie???)
** Mr. Square = Very severe and sharp edged.
** Squire Western = Is a pig (yes, this was intentional)
** Squire Allworthy = Is the kindest, nicest, and actively most-good character in the story.
** Mr. Thwackum = [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Need I spell it out?]]
* ReallyGetsAround: Most of the ladies in the novel [[SesquipedalianLoquaciousness are not averse to promiscuity]].
* RoguishPoacher: Black George
* SadistTeacher: [[MeaningfulName Thwackum]].
* SpiritualSuccessor: To Fielding's earlier novel ''Joseph Andrews''.
* StylisticSuck: Honour's letter and monologues.
* TwistEnding: Lampshadedly from tragedy to happy end for Jones, and the identity of Jones's mother.

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!!Tropes particular to the 1963 film:

* AsideComment: The 1963 film was one of the earliest movies for a character to directly address the audience. It actually happens several times.
** Mrs. Waters turns to the camera and narrates a crucial plot development near the end.
** In one scene, Tom finds that all his money had been stolen while he slept, and he shouts at the chambermaid, demanding to know if it was her who robbed him. Unsatisfied with her answers, he turns to the camera and shouts "DID YOU SEE HER?! DID YOU?!"
* AsideGlance: Sophie gets in on the BreakingTheFourthWall action during her outings with Tom.
* AttemptedRape: Tom rescues Mrs. Waters from an attempted rape by the loathesome Northerton.
* BedsheetLadder: This is how Sophie escapes her father's house and the ArrangedMarriage with Blifil.
* BreakingTheFourthWall: Besides all the Aside Comments and Aside Glances, Tom puts his hat over the camera while he and Mrs. Waters are walking to town.
* EatingTheEyeCandy: All the women in the film can't get enough of the handsome Tom Jones--of course, Albert Finney really was that handsome.
* EroticEating: Used in the scene with Tom and Mrs. Waters and famously filmed in the 1960s version.
* FallingInLoveMontage: A charming one between Tom and Sophie, dancing about, riding on horseback, and kissing.
* GrossUpCloseUp: A striking sequence in which the rich folk of this particular part of western England go out hunting a deer, in a large party on horseback, with a pack of hunting dogs. They come off like the Wehrmacht rampaging through Poland. The viewer is treated to closeups of a farmer's dead goose that the aristocrats trampled, closeups of spurs digging into horseflesh and gouging wounds, and a disturbing closeup to end the scene in which Squire Western displace the corpse of the deer, with its throat slit.
* IdiosyncraticWipe / IrisOut / {{Wipe}}: Irises, diagonal wipes, and regular horizontal wipes are all used for scene transitions.
* LemonyNarrator: Micheál Mac Liammóir's deadpan delivery in the film.
* MasqueradeBall: Tom meets the lusty Lady Bellaston at one.
* AMinorKidroduction: The first scene is baby Tom the foundling being discovered in the bed of Squire Allworthy.
* OnlyAFleshWound: In the movie: "Mr Jones, you've broken your arm!" "Indeed madame, but I have another to walk you home."
* SexyDiscretionShot: "It shall be our custom to leave such scenes where taste, decorum, and the censor dictate."
* SilenceIsGolden: The entire first scene is done in silent movie style, complete with title cards.
* {{Undercrank}}: Used in the scene where a jealous husband breaks in on Tom and Mrs. Waters, starting a madcap chase. (Tom turns to the camera and cries "Help!".)
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