->''"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth..."''
-->-- Genesis 1:1

Before we get to the tropes used in the Bible, it should be noted that there are several different traditions as to what the Bible contains; while most material is shared, historically members of religious groups have decided to include or exclude different writings. The Book of Tobit, The Book of Judith, the Maccabees books, and many others are included in some traditions' orthodoxy and wholly ignored by others' (as is the entire New Testament, for that matter). Debates about what's {{Canon}} and what isn't continue to this day. That's not taking into account the multitude of different translations out there, not only between languages but within each language--leaving plenty of room for cases of LostInTranslation.

On a related note, there are several major opinions on what the Bible ''is''. According to the UsefulNotes/{{Christian|ity}} viewpoint, the Bible is an anthology of books by divinely inspired followers of God and Christ over a period of ''600 to 1600'' years, including: biographies, histories, manuals of rules and laws, songs and ritual prayers, advice for living like in Paul's letters, and divine revelations. (For the traditional [[UsefulNotes/{{Judaism}} Jewish]] perspective, strike out the words "and Christ" and "like in Paul's letters," and reduce the number of years by two to six hundred years.) There is debate among Christians over just what "divinely inspired" entails; some say this means everything in the Bible should be taken completely at face value, while others hold that some parts (like the book of Genesis, for example) are meant to be taken as allegorical or symbolic writings, not to be interpreted literally. The latter view is held by most mainline Protestant denominations and is the official position of the Catholic Church.

Another set of interpretations was from what is now called, collectively, UsefulNotes/{{Gnosticism}}. The Gnostics did not accept the idea of canon at all, nor any central religious authority. Thus, pretty much every Gnostic collection of scripture contained different sets of documents, some orthodox canon and some written locally. Indeed, the general Gnostic approach to religious literature was one of extreme openness, and a new Evangelion (no, not ''[[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion that one]]'') probably appeared within the various Gnostic communities every day. The Gnostics believed in personal and continuous revelation rather than authority of scripture.

The view of those who don't belong to the Abrahamic religions generally ranges from seeing the events of the Bible as somewhere between "exaggerated history" and "pure fiction".

Comprising the works of many writers from the 11th century BC to about 200 AD, before the advent of mass communication, the Bible is one of humanity's best-known and longest-enduring books, with 1500 ancient surviving Greek manuscripts making it the ancient world's best seller ({{Homer}}, with 643 surviving manuscripts of ''The Iliad'', comes in second). The absence of a single authority with a strictly defined canon policy has proven an obstacle, however. Or rather, the existence of dozens or hundreds of conflicting authorities. Historically, it resulted in some of the the most devastating {{Flame War}}s ever, and in actual wars as well.

It's worth noting that dating the Bible ([[CargoShip no, not that]]) is one of the most contentious issues surrounding it. The consensus secular view, which mainline Protestants and Catholics more or less accept, is that the first five books (the Pentateuch or Torah), along with some of the histories were compiled around 450 BC, from four source texts, the oldest of which dates back to about 800 BC. The prophetic and wisdom literature (the rest of the Old Testament) was compiled and redacted over the next century or two, though some of the Psalms may go back to 1000 BC. The traditional view - accepted by fundamentalist and most evangelical Protestants, as well as Orthodox Jews, is that the whole Pentateuch was dictated to Moses around 1500 BC, while the prophetic books were written by the authors they're traditionally ascribed to from about 900 to 500 BC.

Due to the Bible's sheer size and literary value, in addition to the fact that it is in the public domain (as it predated the invention of copyright; the British Crown holds perpetual copyright over the King James Version in the UK and some newer translations are copyrighted), it is often used as a goldmine of stock plots and characters for modern writers. Sometimes, however, said modern writers cannot avoid the temptation to introduce gratuitous references for the sake of it, and when they take caution to avoid [[TooSoon controversial subjects]] like a specific religion, it can degenerate into such phenomena as JesusTaboo, CrystalDragonJesus and NoCelebritiesWereHarmed. On the other hand, writers unfamiliar with the religious symbolism can end up with "controversial" character portrayals like KingOfAllCosmos, or, in TheThemeParkVersion, FluffyCloudHeaven.

Often cited by MoralGuardians. Not to be confused with UniverseBible.

One of the TropeMakers; tropes that appear in it are by definition OlderThanFeudalism. While some parts of the Old Testament may be somewhat older than 800 BCE, it would be very confusing to try to sort tropes into multiple indexes based on which book and verse they came from.

'''Books of the Bible that have their own pages'''

* Literature/BookOfGenesis
* Literature/BookOfExodus
* Literature/BookOfJudges
* Literature/BookOfRuth
* Literature/BooksOfSamuel
* Literature/BooksOfKings
* Literature/BookOfEsther
* Literature/BookOfJob
* Literature/BookOfPsalms
* Literature/BookOfProverbs
* Literature/BookOfEcclesiastes
* Literature/BookOfIsaiah
* Literature/BookOfJeremiah
* Literature/BookOfDaniel
* Literature/BookOfJonah
* Literature/TheFourGospels
* Literature/ActsOfTheApostles
* Literature/BookOfRomans
* Literature/BookOfCorinthians
* Literature/BookOfRevelation

!!Provides examples of:

%% ZeroContextExample entries are not allowed on wiki pages. All such entries have been commented out. To add context to them, request a edit here: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=gsjp7dldjh2dwdelcha2hu17

* AdamAndEvePlot: The TropeNamer. God's instructions to the first people are: "Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth".
* AdaptationDecay: There's plenty of things in both the Torah and the Bible that have become [[TheThemeParkVersion theme park versions]] of what's ''actually'' written when adapted into other works. Look up Daniel 7 and Ezekiel 10 for descriptions of a few angels. While there's implications in the Bible that angels can take a human-like form, those passages are far and away from the FluffyCloudHeaven {{Winged Humanoid}}s that everyone thinks of when they think of an angel. Then there's [[{{God}} the big man]] himself -- how many times in media does He get portrayed as an old, bearded man with a toga?
* AdaptationExpansion: The Talmud, generally used by Jews, which contains annotations from thousands of Rabbis about various subjects in parts of the Bible.
%%** Hebrews, ostensibly the most Jewish book of the New Testament.
* AerithAndBob: David and Goliath. Judas and Peter. Michael and Lucifer. However, all or most of these were common names at the time; we've only decided which ones to pass on to our children, and these have become normal.
* AllThereInTheManual: The prefaces of many Bible versions tell why the writers used a specific translation, why there are italics, and what the Footnotes mean.
* AlwaysChaoticEvil: The people of Amalek. They raided the Hebrews as the were leaving Egypt, which led to God declaring a war of extermination upon them. Satan also applies here, sort of. The Jewish interpretation (which is carried into the Old Testament) is sometimes that he's a NecessaryEvil in God's service, or that he is truly evil but only can do what God permits. The Christian interpretation is usually that he was once a good angel, but rebelled against God and became forever corrupted in his evil.
%%* AMillionIsAStatistic
* AmbiguousGender: In the original Hebrew (or as close as we have to it), pretty much all of God's names are masculine but many of his traits are described with feminine words. This shows up most notably in Genesis, where Ruach and Merachefet are used in conjunction with Elohiym, though they can be read as plural, which may be hanging a lampshade on God's seemingly contradictory aspects.
* AnachronicOrder: The books of prophecy tend to skip around; Jeremiah's revelations while in prison precede the account of his imprisonment, for instance. The book of Daniel also tends to skip around; in some stories he's an old man, in others he's a youth of between fifteen and twenty. There is a well known Hebrew phrase that means (loosely translated): "There is no early or late in the Torah." ("ein mukdam u'meuchar ba'Torah")
%%* AnAesop
* AndManGrewProud: Then Man built a tower which would reach Heaven. [[ItWasHisSled Which is why language classes are needed in the present day]].
%%* AngelUnaware: Several times. [[GenreBlindness You'd think people would figure it out after their grandparents fell for it.]]
* AnimalStereotypes:
** Played with in various ways. Though the Bible never outright calls any animal ''evil'', it uses them as symbols for both good and bad things. Snakes, for example, are used to represent everything from Satan to alcohol, deceit, and even wisdom.
** Leviathan and Behemoth. May or may not be based on real animals, but it's a verifiable fact that they are badass.
%%* AnimatedAdaptation: Many, but most notably, ''Anime/{{Superbook}}.''
* TheAntiChrist: TropeNamer. In this case, though, it means a substitute or artificial Christ--a reference to the many, many, many insincere attempts to redefine and recreate Christianity in opposition to the apostles' original teaching. Specifically used to describe the early Gnostics groups who were already forming in the apostles' time.
%%* ApocalypseHow: ''Several'', including Daniel, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Revelation, and other odd parts of the New Testament.
* ArcNumber: Several of them repeatedly used in various contexts--
** Seven--Originally: six days of creating the World + one day of resting.
** Twelve--Originally the number of Jacob's sons from which the Israelite tribes descend.
** Forty--Originally the number of years that the Israelites roamed through the desert and number of days and nights it rained during the deluge. Commonly used in the Bible and other ancient Near Eastern literature as shorthand for "a long time".
%%* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: More than once.
%%** In the Old Testament, there's Elijah and Enoch.
%%** In the New Testament, [[spoiler:Jesus]].
%%** ThePope Pius XII invoked papal infallibility and declared Mary's ascension Canon in 1950.
* AsTheGoodBookSays: Jesus and the Devil tossed references to scripture back and forth in the desert after Jesus's baptism.
%%* TheAtoner
* AuthorAvatar: The naked guy mentioned in Mark 14:51-52 was probably Mark himself.
%%* AuthorFilibuster: The epistles in the New Testament.
%%* BackFromTheDead: Famously, Lazarus -- and [[spoiler:Jesus]]. Other examples include a girl in Mark 5.
* {{Badass}}:
** The unnamed man (some people think it's Jesus) leading his forces against the Hellions in Revelation. Pretty awesome.
** All of the Judges qualify, but Samson is practically an UrExample of this. He killed a thousand soldiers with the ''jawbone of a donkey'', and then he ''collapsed an entire temple'' on top of 3000 more.
%%** AND Ehud, God's ninja.
** Really, 2nd Samuel has a ''list'' of Badasses who worked for King David, and were referred to as the "Mighty Men". The entire list is filled with stories of people killing off hundreds of people singlehanded, or fighting wild animals.
** Benaiah, who "killed a lion in a pit on a day when it had snowed."
** [[DavidVersusGoliath David himself, killing Goliath]], a giant, as well as a lion and a bear, with a ''sling''. Number of stones picked up by David: five. Number of "sons of Anak" in Philistia at that time: five. A fourteen-year-old boy with that level of badassery: priceless.
** Another example of David's Badassery--in order to marry his love, Michal, Saul ordered him to bring [[TwentyBearAsses 100 Philistine foreskins]]. He brought ''twice that number'', just for the hell of it. ThePowerOfLove, indeed. [[spoiler: (Subverted in that they end up hating each other)]]
** Jacob wrestled ''an angel'' for an entire night (though many scholars believe Jacob was actually ''[[DidYouJustPunchOutCthulhu wrestling with God]]'' via theophany). The angel had to resort to cursing Jacob's hip in order to win, and Jacob ''still'' obtained a blessing (which remains in effect to this day) before he let the angel leave. To those of your who don't know, Jacob earned a nickname for that feat, which is literally translated as "Wrestles with God" ... The nickname is ''"Israel"''.
** Jesus himself. He survived an attempted stoning, and when he found out about the moneychangers' tables in the temple he sat down for a good hour and braided himself a whip which he then used to chase them out. He apparently kept it with him after that because he broke it out again later to do the exact same thing. He told a storm to shut the hell up because he was trying to sleep ''and it listened,'' brought multiple people back from the dead simply by asking then nicely (and sometimes not so nicely), cured a blind man with spit and dirt, and his mere presence was enough to cast out demons and cure mental illnesses. Not to mention the fact that most victims of crucifixion are tied to the cross, Jesus was ''nailed.'' JesusWasWayCool indeed.
%%* BadassIsraeli: The UrExample, naturally.
%%* BadassNormal: Judas Maccabeus in the Apocrypha; should ''not'' be confused with Judas Iscariot. Also, many of the Judges.
%%* BadassPacifist: Jesus "Turn the other cheek" Christ.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness:
** Generally {{averted}}. Most of the heroes and heroines are not given any physical description.
%%** {{Inverted}} with Saul, to FaceOfAnAngelMindOfADemon.
%%** Played straight with Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Esther among women, and with Joseph and David among men.
* BedTrick: Jacob's wedding. He had worked for Laban for seven years in order to get permission to marry Laban's daughter Rachel, but on the night of the wedding Laban swapped Rachel for her older sister Leah. Jacob didn't notice this until they were already married, so he had to work another seven years for permission to marry Rachel, the girl he actually loved.
%%* BellyOfTheWhale: Jonah, TropeNamer.
* BerserkButton: When some people decided to turn God's temple into a marketplace (''twice''), [[BewareTheNiceOnes Jesus was not amused]].
%%* BibleTimes: [[CaptainObvious The Trope Namer]].
%%* BigBad: Pharaoh in the Old Testament, [[spoiler:Antioches Epiphanes]] in the Apocrypha, and TheDevil in the New Testament.
* BigBadFriend: According to [[{{Fanon}} popular legend]], Judas was Jesus' best friend.
* BigDamnHeroes: Daniel saves Susanna's honor.
* BiggusDickus: "There she lusted after her lovers, whose genitals were like those of donkeys and whose emission was like that of horses." (Ezekiel 23:20 NIV)
* BiologicalWeaponsSolveEverything: God has occasionally unleashed plagues to defeat enemies of His faithful, or simply to make a point.
* BlasphemousPraise: One of the Herods is struck dead for accepting such praise.
* BondOneLiner: Judges 15:16 ''Then Samson said, "[[{{Pun}} With a donkey's jawbone I have made donkeys of them]]. With a donkey's jawbone I have killed a thousand men."'' Even more awesome when you substitute "ass" for "donkey."
* {{Bookends}}: In the Gospel of Mark, when Jesus is baptized, the heavens split in half and God announces that Jesus is His son. At [[spoiler:the crucifixion, a curtain depicting the heavens in the temple tears in half and exposes the Ark of the Covenant (figuratively God's presence)]].
* {{Bowdlerise}}:
%%** The original [[TropeNamer Thomas Bowdler]]; also done countless times before and after him.
** Most adaptions for children take out some more adult parts. For example, Esther was chosen by King Xerxes because of how good she was in bed. In the judgment of Solomon, both women claiming to be the infant's mother were prostitutes--and the song of Solomon is a full-blown celebration of sex. Lot's daughters get him drunk and rape him right after his wife is killed.
** The story of Joshua, as told by ''Anime/{{Superbook}}'', portrayed Rahab as an innocent woman bullied by the soldiers of Jericho (she was actually a whore), and completely ignored the fact that every living thing in Jericho, apart from her and her family, were slain.
* BratsWithSlingshots: Notably ''not'' David, though many, many people believe he used one. What he really used was a ''sling''--which, in so many words, was the ancient world's equivalent of a gun or bow and arrow, rather than a kid's toy.
* BrotherSisterIncest:
** According to the Talmud, Cain and Abel each had a twin sister. Cain married Abel's, and Seth married Cain's.
** Also, there's the case of Amnon and Tamar in Samuel II, where Amnon [[PlayingSick pretends to be sick]] so that, when his sister, Tamar, came into his room to feed him, he could rape her. Now THAT is {{Squick}}-worthy. And it did not end well for him.
* BurnTheWitch: God did not allow witchcraft-practitioners to live in the Mosaic Covenant period, although the method of execution was more likely stoning. Used later in history to justify witch-burning.
%%* BuryMeNotOnTheLonePrairie: Joseph.
* ButtMonkey:
** Job and Jesus. The former gets a "prize" from God, the latter saves all the people that would be baking in Hell if He didn't, including you.
** Moses abandons his family to follow God, and he is not even allowed to be buried in the Promised Land.
%%* CainAndAbel: The TropeNamer.
* CatchPhrase: "What is this deed you have done?" is commonly used to mean "WhatTheHellHero" or "YouMonster".
* CelibateHero: Jesus, and possibly others we forget. Some people think that Jesus was married, but that his wife was not mentioned in the Bible (there are also a lot of speculations about why this is). Other people see this idea as heresy.
* ChekhovsGunman: Ishmael, Isaac's half-brother in Genesis, fades into the background shortly after he's introduced and [[PutOnABus sent off to Arabia]]. Turns out one of his descendants was [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} a guy named Muhammad]]. Interestingly enough, this loose thread doesn't get picked up until ''after'' Literature/TheBible ends.
* ChekhovsSkill: Both used and averted with Moses and the burning bush. God teaches Moses how to turn his staff into a serpent, and how to turn the skin of his hand leprous (as well as cure it), both in order to demonstrate that he is a prophet of the Lord. He performs the former, but the latter never shows up again.
* CherryTapping: Samson kills 1,000 '''Philistines''' ''[[BadAss with a donkey's jaw]]'', and then follows it up with a pun.
* ChildProdigy: Jesus teaching when He was only twelve. Everyone was astonished at his understanding and answers.
* TheChosenOne: Saul and David were ''both'' the chosen one. Saul sees David as a rival to be eliminated, while David respects Saul's position enough to refuse to kill him - and in fact orders Saul's killer executed.
* ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve: Clapping is an expression of worship in Psalms, and in many churches today.
* ColonyDrop: Wormwood among other stars during Revelation.
%%* ComeToGawk
%%* TheCommandments: In Western civilization often considered the UrExample.
%%* CrucifiedHeroShot: [[spoiler:Jesus]]. The TropeNamer, though not necessarily the original.
* DavidVersusGoliath: The TropeNamer. Goliath was a heavily armored soldier who stood 3 meters tall and terrified all the Israelites. David, the youngest son of his father and a lowly shepherd, rejected all armor and beat him with just a sling.
* DeadpanSnarker:
** Paul of Tarsus, usually in his epistles. In one instance, mediating an argument amongst the Galatians about circumcision, he helpfully recommends to the conservative Jewish converts agitating against the pagan converts that they "go the whole way and [[GroinAttack cut the entire thing off]]!"
** The Old Testament was way ahead on the snark front. One memorable moment from the book of Jonah:
---> '''God''' (to whiny Jonah): You cared about a tree which grew overnight and died overnight, and which you did not work to grow. And should I not care about Nineveh, which has thousands of people who do not yet know their right from their left, and also much cattle!
** The prophets are especially full of this sort of thing; such as God mocking how idol-worshipers would cut down a tree, make an idol to worship out of part of it...and cook breakfast over the rest of it.
** Here's one from the Book of Judges: In it, the Israelites constantly abandon Yahweh and turn other gods, causing God to remove his protection and allowing foreign powers to invade them. This causes the Israelites to turn back to Him, and He helps them drive out their oppressors. However, only a generation or so later, the pattern repeats itself. After this happens for the third time, and the Israelites beseech God for help, Yahweh, in an epic snark moment, pretty much tells them: "You know, I'm growing tired of having to save you all the time, since you will only turn your back on me again as soon as everything is back to normal. Turn instead to the new gods that you have chosen; may they save you when you're in trouble!"
* DecapitationPresentation: Judith with the head of Holofernes. Possibly also Salome with the head of John the Baptist.
* DefiledForever: In the Old Testament there are several rules regarding purity and defilement. Deuteronomy, chapter 22 for example, demands the death penalty for various forms of sex outside marriage, but notably clears the woman if rape is proven (she was heard crying for help) or assumed (there's no way to prove she ''wasn't'' crying for help), making this a slight yet notable aversion.
* DeliberatelyPainfulClothing: A lot of Old Testament prophets would wear hair shirts. John the Baptist wore one, made of camel hair. Often people would wear them while doing penance for sins. It's also translated as "sackcloth". i.e. burlap-like material.
* DependingOnTheWriter: Jesus' character tends to vary quite a bit depending on who's describing him.
%%* DepopulationBomb: Several.
%%* DescendFromAHigherPlaneOfExistence: Jesus.
%%* DeusAngstMachina: Job and everyone he knew.
%%* DeusExMachina: A literal God.
%%* DeusExitMachina: Lots of explanations have been attempted for the problem of evil.
* DistantFinale: The Book of Revelation; just ''how'' distant depends on who you ask. There are actually several major interpretations of what the Revelation of John '''is'''. First, a book of prophecy of the future. Second, a description of present conditions of the Christian ecclesia. A third is that this book is like other Apocalypses written in roughly the same time period, and primarily an account of the salvation of a single soul, John of Patmos. It could also be ''all'' or ''none'' of these as well.
* DisproportionateRetribution: People during those times had much different ideas about what constitutes a "just" punishment and many of them will look completely disproportionate and cruel compared to what is a just punishment today, or if a punishment is necessary at all.
* DontLookBack: In the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, Lot and his family live in a city full of sinners. God allows them to escape while He destroys the city. However, they are told not to turn back. Lot's wife, however, does it anyway, and she is then turned into salt.
* DoubleStandardViolenceChildOnAdult: God [[WouldHurtAChild doesn't subscribe to this trope]]: "And [Elisha the prophet] went up from thence unto Bethel: and as he was going up by the way, there came forth little children out of the city, and mocked him, and said unto him, Go up, thou bald head; go up, thou bald head. And he turned back, and looked on them, and cursed them in the name of the Lord. And there came forth two she bears out of the wood, and tare forty and two children of them." Yes, He had children rent apart by bears on a case of verbal abuse.In fact, you could extend His aversion of this trope to his interactions with every being in Creation.
* DownerEnding:
** God ensures that Moses dies without setting foot on The Promised Land.
** In some terms, this applies to the Old Testament. The "ending" (remember that chronologically, Ezra and Nehemiah are among the last books of the OT) is that Judah was restored with Persian protection, and the Messiah is coming soon. However, one of the last prophets of the OT predicted the destruction of Jerusalem.
* DownTheDrain: In some translations of Judges 3, this is how Ehud escaped after [[CrowningMomentOfFunny killing King Eglon]], who had defeated the Israelites, in a rather unusual manner.
* DubInducedPlothole: The King James translation is said to contain a few mistranslations that alter the plot/meaning. In the New Testament, some references to the Old Testament are missed due to it being translated by two teams -- one for the Hebrew and one for the Greek. Some instances of this were perpetuated by earlier translations of the Bible, as well; Horned Moses, anyone?
* TheDragon: [[InvertedTrope Inverted:]] The Dragon in Revelation ''is'' the BigBad. Some sects (and [[ShinMegamiTensei some videogames that base their version of Satan on such beliefs]]) have Satan as God's agent.
%%* DrivenByEnvy: Notable examples include Cain and Joseph's brothers.
%%* TheDutifulSon: Brother to the Prodigal Son
* EarthIsTheCenterOfTheUniverse: Certain passages could be interpreted to mean this. Historically, though, that interpretation was backed up by Aristotle's postulations.
* TheEeyore: Qoheleth/Kohelet, the traditional author/narrator of ''Ecclesiastes''. Given his title "Son of David, King in Jerusalem," he's probably also Solomon. (''Kohelet'' is the [[LostInTranslation Hebrew and original name]] of ''Ecclesiastes'', but it's not uncommon for something in K'tuvim (the last third of the Old Testament) to be anonymous.)
%%* EmpathicEnvironment: Many times, including when [[spoiler:Jesus]] was killed.
%%* TheEmpire: Egypt, Babylon, Assyria, Macedon, Rome... The Persians come across pretty well, though, despite [[ThreeHundred some other portrayals of them...]]
%%* TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt: At least twice. First Noah's flood, then in the DistantFinale of ''Revelation''
%%* EnemyToAllLivingThings: Part of Cain's curse.
* EnigmaticEmpoweringEntity: This role is fulfilled by God as he shows himself to Moses in a burning bush.
* EveryoneCallsHimBarKeep:
** Thanks to translations and tradition, YHWH is hardly ever known by His actual Name, and is referred to as, "God" (''El'' / ''Theos'') or "the Lord" (''Adonai'' / ''Kurios'') for most of the Book. When the English text reads "LORD" in ALL CAPS, it's a circumlocution for YHWH--the taboo against speaking his name wasn't in effect until the Hebrew Bible had already been written.
** The only person said to have ever spoken His true name was, according to apocrypha, Lilith.
** Opinions vary on the [[IHaveManyNames Name]]. Several people are credited with knowing (and using) the big secret one, including Moses (to kill an Egyptain slave driver), Solomon (to enslave the demon king Ashmodai/Asmodeus), and various rabbinic sages (to create golems and other miracles).
** Enosh, grandson of Adam, is said to have evoked the name Yahweh.
** Also, Pharaoh from Exodus, whose name is never given and who is simply referred to as "Pharaoh". Various archaeologists, anthropologists, and Biblical scholars have offered any number of theories as to what historical pharaoh Exodus might be referring to, with Ramses II and Shoshenq I being fan favorites.
** Which leads to a number of people who mistakenly believe that the Pharaoh who got the plagues = The Pharaoh that gave the genocide order...
%%* EveryoneIsRelated: For once, this is ''canon''. '''Literally.'''
* EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys: Solomon loved monkeys so much he had them imported (1 Kings 10:22)
%%* EverythingIsWorseWithBears: 2 Kings 2:24.
* EverythingsBetterWithRainbows: After the massive flood in Genesis, God promises not to drown all the creatures again and puts a rainbow in the sky as a symbol of his covenant with them.
* TheEvilPrince: Pretty much all of David's sons except for Solomon, each of whom inherited a variety of David's traits except for his faith in God.
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: "Bible" means "book". [[CaptainObvious It's a book of books.]]
%%* ExtraEyes: Thrones and various other angels.
* ExpandedUniverse: TheTalmud, Literature/TheBookOfMormon. Early parts of the Bible are almost the Cliffs-Notes of stories and laws greatly expanded in the Talmud.
%%* FaceDeathWithDignity: [[spoiler:Jesus]], the Garden of Gethsemane notwithstanding.
%%* FaceHeelTurn: King Saul, Pharaoh (multiple times), Absalom
* {{Fanon}}:
** Many apocryphal texts. Almost the entire academic study of angels and demons that was popular in the middle ages was based on non-canon sources, mostly Enoch I. [[spoiler:In-Universe]]
** Lucifer (also known as Satan) and his supporters are considered the UrExample of the FallenAngel, although the Bible itself doesn't directly reference this.
* FanService: The Song of Solomon. There are books as long as the entire New Testament trying to explain the symbolism of ''Song''.
* FauxEmpoweringEntity: Satan arguably fills this role as he's tempting Jesus with empty/meaningless promises in the desert.
%%* {{Filler}}: Extremely well-done with the Apocrypha.
* FinalSolution: Literature/TheBible has many cases of this. Some carried out by various heroic kings, some carried out by God himself. In all cases, it's [[WouldBeRudeToSayGenocide treated as a good thing]]. The three most famous cases are:
** Noah and the flood -- Mankind misbehaves? Let's exterminate all life on the planet! (Except for one family and their pets.)
** Sodom -- Mankind misbehaves? Let's exterminate all life in this small nation! (Except for one family -- and maybe their pets, if they had any.)
** Book of Revelation -- Mankind misbehaves? Let's exterminate all life on the planet! Again! (And as in the two previous versions, some good people get spared. And this time, good dead people are resurrected, too.)
%%* FindingJudas: ... but not the TropeNamer.
* FindTheCure: Tobit is blinded, so his son Tobias and his companion ([[spoiler: aka the archangel Raphael]] in disguise) go search for the cure.
* FireAndBrimstoneHell: Mostly according to John the Revelator. The Biblical basis for belief in such a hell is extremely shaky, at best. Note that it differs from the popular depiction as the demons are said to be tortured alongside the people in there, not as being the torturers.
* FirstGirlWins: Adam and Eve. Although according to {{Fanon}}, Eve was actually the second girl. A few sources even have her third.
%%* FlamingSword: The Cherubim.
* FlippingTheTable: Jesus does this with the moneychangers in the Temple.
%%* ForbiddenFruit: Contrary to popular imagery, it wasn't necessarily an apple. (Other versions have it as a pomegranate, a citron, or a fig.)
%%* FriendToAllChildren: Jesus.
%%* FromBadToWorse: The Bible in general relies on this a lot to ensure that the protagonist(s) of the stories [[EarnYourHappyEnding earn their happy endings]].
%%* GainaxEnding: The Book of Revelation.
%%* {{Gendercide}}: Twice, in Exodus.
%%* GeoEffects: The Israelites and the Aramites, subverted.
* GetTheeToANunnery: A few noteworthy ones:
** "To know" [[IsThatWhatTheyreCallingItNow That's what they called it back then.]]
** "Feet" is often used in the Old Testament to refer to something a bit higher.
** Chapter seven of Song of Solomon describes the wife's navel as "a rounded cup, never lacking in sweet wine." Some scholars argue that "navel" may in fact refer to the vagina.
* GivingThemTheStrip: This is how Joseph struggles free from Potiphar's wife after she tries to seduce him forcefully. It does make it difficult for him to explain why (a) she is claiming that he tried to rape her and (b) [[NotWhatItLooksLike she has his clothes to prove it]].
* GoMadFromTheRevelation: Angels, actually. God himself could classify, since looking at him in his full glory is supposed to be fatal to anyone with sin.
%%* TheGloriousWarOfSisterlyRivalry: Plain and dowdy Leah vs pretty vivacious Rachel over Jacob.
* GoKartingWithBowser: According to the book of Job, Satan has been known to hang around heaven and take friendly bets with God.
* GodSaveUsFromTheQueen: Jezebel (tried to destroy Judaism) and her daughter Athaliah (had all her grandkids killed, save one, almost destroying David's royal line)
* TheGoldenRule:
** Used in the stories about Jesus. Invoked by the main character as a moral principle, and also used as AnAesop in several of the parables (short stories within the main story). The most famous is the story of the Good Samaritan.
** Notably ''averted'' (or subverted, depending on your interpretation) in The Book Of Job, where God becomes a {{Jerkass}} to Job because God's on a bet with Satan.
%%* GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex: Solomon and one of his wives, as recorded in Song of Solomon.
%%* GoodSamaritan: TropeNamer
* GuileHero:
** Joseph. He ascends [[RagsToRiches from slave to chancellor]] in a foreign nation that doesn't look too favourably on Hebrews, saves the entire nation from a devastating famine, and reunites his divided clan through a clever XanatosGambit.
** Queen Esther is a guile heroine who saves the Jews in the Persian Empire by winning King Xerxes's heart and then out-gambitting SmugSnake Haman.
* HalfHumanHybrids: Nephilim, and depending on which ecumenical councils you accept, also [[spoiler: Jesus is both 100% human (in body) ''and'' 100% divine (in spirit).]])
%%* HeavenSeeker: with Jesus and most of his followers.
* HeWhoMustNotBeNamed: The third commandment instructs the faithful not to take the name of the Lord in vain. This has spawned many practices, stretching from simply avoiding the use of oaths like "For the love of God!", to avoiding using the G-word in any context - typing "G-d" in text, for example, or, among Orthodox Jews, using the word "Adonai", "Hashem" (literally means "the name" in Hebrew), or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetragrammaton the Tetragrammaton]], as a euphemism.
* HealingHands: Jesus and the Apostles healed people by laying their hands on them.
* HeelFaceTurn: Saul on the road to Damascus, who quite literally "saw the light". In fact, in the German translation this became De.VomSaulusZumPaulus - "from Saul to Paul", a common German figure of speech.
%%* HeelFaceRevolvingDoor: Pharaoh in Exodus.
* HeroicAmbidexterity: In a list of famous warriors who served King David, Chronicles 1,12 names 23 Benjaminites who "were armed with bows and were able to shoot arrows or to sling stones right-handed or left-handed".
%%* HeroicSacrifice: Stephen, Isaac, Samson, [[spoiler:Jesus]]
* HeroicBSOD:
** [[spoiler: Jesus]] while on the cross asks [[spoiler:God]] why he has forsaken him.
** The whole prayer at Gethsemane scene can be seen as an HeroicBSOD as well.
** David also has a full-blown one after Saul and Jonathan's deaths.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: The conservative interpretation of Jonathan and David's relationship.
%%* HigherSelf
* HolyIsNotSafe: In St. Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, he warns that Communion is not safe for those lacking reverence and holiness. While it gives life to those who have been prepared to approach the Table of the Lord, for those who are not prepared, it brings curses, illness, and can even kill you.
%%* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: Rahab in the Torah, Mary Magdalene in {{Fanon}}.
* HopeSpot: Pilate tries to have [[spoiler:Jesus]] released, but the mob insists on [[spoiler:his crucifixion]]. Although Pilate was a jerk, depending on who you talk to. In other branches, he's a saint. Literally.
* HotBlooded: Samson was a Hot-Blooded WorldsStrongestMan who killed a ''thousand'' Philistines with the jawbone of an ass. After a deadly HumiliationConga that involved a certain [[TheVamp seductress]], a TraumaticHaircut ''and'' EyeScream, he [[TakingYouWithMe took down]] ''[[TakingYouWithMe thousands]]'' [[TakingYouWithMe more]] with him by breaking the pillars of a temple. '''[[BadAss Epic]]'''.
* HumansAreBastards:
** Humanity's ''thoughts'' were bad enough to drive an omnibenevolent being to attempt [[KillEmAll omnicide]]. He drowned around 30 million people before he forgave humanity while sparing a family that was still faithful to him and thus, not as corrupt.
%%** The last chapters of Judges.
* HumansAreSpecial: With free will, they actually have the potential to become greater than angels. Furthermore, despite humans being bastards, God still cared enough about us to not wipe us out totally and eventually provided a Savior.
%%* IAmLegion: The original and TropeNamer.
%%* IDidWhatIHadToDo: King Saul in 1 Samuel 13. God was less than pleased with this attitude and fired him.
* IdiotBall: Samson finds some bees have made their hive in the corpse of a lion, so he eats some of the honey and gives the rest to his parents. The honey that came from a ''dead lion''. Especially bad since, as a Nazarite, he's not allowed to touch, let alone eat, anything that came from corpses.
%%* IHaveManyNames: God.
* IKnowYourTrueName: Mostly in the Old Testament, some power is associated with the names of God, the act of Adam naming the animals, etc.. In fact, Moses kills an Egyptian at one point solely by saying God's True Name, which {{Fanon}} holds to be ''72 or 216 letters long''.[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shemhamphorasch]]
%%* IllKillYou: Exodus, and probably some other places.
* ImAHumanitarian: Quite a few examples that falls under two categories: God's punishment (usually [[{{Squick}} forcing people to eat their own children or other family members]]) or depicted [[{{Gorn}} for the sake of it]].
* ImplausibleDeniability: Cain is enough of a moron to think he can lie to an omniscient, omnipotent God.
* ImprobableWeaponUser: Samson killed some Philistines using the jawbone of a donkey.
* IndenturedServitude: Indentured servitude was common in Israel. To prevent it from becoming too permanent, the year of Jubilee was established in the Book of Leviticus. Every fifty years all debts were forgiven and slaves set free.
* IrrevocableOrder: The Medes and Persians had a law that if the king's ring was used to seal a proclamation then it could not be undone, not even if the king changed his mind.
** [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_and_the_Lion%27s_Den Daniel and the Lion's Den]] is probably the most famous. King Darius made a decree that anyone who prayed to a God other than him for a period of a week would be fed to the lions--and sealed it with his ring. Daniel continued to pray, and despite Daniel being the King's favorite, and the King not wanting to go through with it, Daniel was still thrown to the lions.
** [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Esther Esther]] is another example. The Persian king gave Haman his ring, which Haman used to seal an order authorizing on a certain date the murder of all the Jews and the seizure of their property by the killers. When the king discovered Haman's plot, he had Haman executed, but could not undo the order. So he wrote out a new order allowing the Jews to kill anyone who attacked on that date. The Jews then slaughtered their enemies who attacked them.
%%* ItsBeenDone: Ecclesiastes says quite a few times that there is nothing new under the sun.
%%* JacobAndEsau
* JacobMarleyWarning: Subverted. In the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus (a different [[BackFromTheDead Lazarus]]), the Rich Man goes to hell so he begs the Lord for the chance to warn his family of the dangers of their ways. The Lord knocks the idea down, pointing out that he's sent plenty of prophets to spell it out for them all already.
* JaywalkingWillRuinYourLife: The first two people decide to have a bit of fruit, resulting in [[spoiler: the fall of man and eternal punishment]].
%%* JesusSaves: TropeNamer.
%%* JesusTaboo: [[CaptainObvious Averted]].
* JesusWasWayCool: Just look at all the cool shit he did above with regards to being a BadAss and DeadpanSnarker! Plus he turned water into wine and made lunch for everybody, Jesus was AWESOME.
%%* JourneyToFindOneself: Jesus' 40 days and nights in the desert, sort of.
%%* JudgmentOfSolomon: TropeNamer.
%%* JustSoStory: The narrative until Abraham is introduced--but, according to some scholars, is actually a [[SubvertedTrope subversion]] and serves a different, but similar, purpose.
%%* KillEmAll:
%%** Many cases in the Old Testament.
%%** The DistantFinale, Revelation; possibly the most literal application of "KillEmAll and let God sort 'em out" ever.
* KillItWithWater:
%%** The whole of Noah's story.
** The Red Sea closing on the Egyptian soldiers chasing the Israelites.
%%* KlingonPromotion: Many kings of Israel during the split with Judah.
* KnightTemplar: As was once said for the image caption of that trope, "this is the original SeriousBusiness."
* KnowWhenToFoldEm: It may seem pretty badass of {{Satan}} to try and ''[[RageAgainstTheHeavens overthrow God]]'', until the prophecies are fulfilled and he loses. When it comes to fighting the one responsible for the very existence of yourself and everything, it's really wiser to fold 'em.
%%* TheLancer: Peter to Jesus.
* LaResistance: Israel, repeatedly. See 1 and 2 Maccabees, which are part of the Catholic (but not Protestant) Bible, and the book of Judges, which is pretty much considered canon.
* ListingTheFormsOfDegenerates: Frequently used, but an especially well-known example is 1 Corinthians 6:9-10.
-->Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, [[ValuesDissonance nor effeminate, nor homosexuals]], nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God.
* LoadBearingHero: Samson, though it's an inversion since he ''brings down the temple!'' He's still the hero, though. He also pulls up a set of city gates and walks away with them.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: There are dozens of books written over a period of many centuries, and some of them include genealogies or history.
* LoopholeAbuse: Many perhaps odd-sounding laws in the Old Testament--those regarding sex, for example -- were likely designed to prevent this.
* LostInTranslation: The Bible both averts and suffers from this. Most scholars agree that the Bible is "remarkably well-preserved" from translation to translation (we ''are'' talking about something that's incredibly SeriousBusiness for its copyists, after all). However, there's still cases where a word in the original Hebrew text isn't given a proper contextual translation; for example, the lost contexts involving ThouShaltNotKill and God [[MoreThanMindControl mind-controlling the Pharaoh]]. This leads to some serious misconceptions. Then there are groups like the King James Version Movement, who believe that a Modern English reading of the ''Early'' Modern English King James Version is ''the'' WordOfGod.
* LyricalDissonance: The Song of Moses from Deuteronomy 32:1-43 which was sung as the Israelites finally entered the Promised Land. In the passages beforehand, God had flat out told Moses that his people were going to mess up badly in the end, and gave the song to Moses as a reminder of what they needed to do once that day came to repent. Nevertheless, it's about as uplifting as a kick in the balls.
* MarryThemAll: Jacob works for Laban seven years to marry his beloved Rachel. When the ceremony rolls around, he finds he's married to Leah, her older sister, instead. Laban's solution: you have to work another seven years to get the other girl, too. Not only that, but both women bring their handmaids into it, too: Rachel because she's barren (for a while), and Leah because, well, she's [[TheUnfavorite the less favored wife]] and has to keep up. So Jacob winds up having four "wives" and a total of 13 children.
%%* MeaningfulName: Literally hundreds, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Biblical_names here's a full list]].
* MercyKilling:
** God gives Jeroboam's son a peaceful death and allows for a proper burial because he is the last good thing to come out of the family. The rest of them get no burial and have to die being eaten alive, their choice of [[SadisticChoice dogs or birds]].
** Elijah asks for a mercy killing from God when Jezebel vows to kill him.
** Implied in this verse:
--->The righteous pass away: the godly often die before their time. And no one seems to care or wonder why. No one seems to understand that God is protecting them from the evils to come. For the Godly who die will rest in peace.
--->-- Isaiah 57:1-2
* MessianicArchetype: Three big ones. Jesus, Mohammed (technically a prophet, rather than a messiah, but fulfilling a similar narrative role), and the nameless "moshiach", or messiah of the Jews, who don't accept the cannonicity of the New Testement. The last one one has only appeared in previews and foreshadowing, so we're still waiting on the next sequel to provide his name.
* MindScrew: Revelation. According to some historians, the man who wrote it [[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs actually]] ''[[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs was]]'' [[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs on drugs]].
* MiracleFood:
** God sent manna to feed the Israelites in their exile.
** Elijah once encountered a widow and her son during a famine who were down to their last meal, but after they prepared a cake for him from what little they had, he promised them that their flour and oil would not run out until the drought and famine were over, and God fulfilled that promise so that even though they didn't get any more flour and oil, what little they had never ran out.
** Jesus fed 5000 men plus women and children using five loaves and two fishes. On another occasion, He fed 4000 using a few loaves of bread.
* MissingEpisode: [[invoked]] There are references to lost Jewish texts, such as the Book of Jasher and Chronicles of the Kings of Israel.
%%* MissionFromGod: ...Pretty much everyone.
* MixAndMatchCritters:
** When not described as {{Eldritch Abomination}}s or imitating human form the Angels are described as such (in Book of Daniel for instance).
** Revelation 13 has two examples: a beast coming out of the sea who "resembled a leopard, but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like that of a lion", and another beast coming out of the Earth who "had two horns like a lamb, but he spoke like a dragon".
%%* TheMole: Judas Iscariot, after a FaceHeelTurn.
* MoralDissonance: This what is percieved when a particular DisproportionateRetribution or an example of ValuesDissonance strikes particularly hard and much discussion has ensued between critics and apologists because of it. The priestly codes and laws documented in books like Leviticus are prone to cause this as well. Lot's handling of the mob in Sodom--[[SacredHospitality offering his daughters to prevent them from raping angels sent to visit him]]--doesn't take well, either..
%%* MosesInTheBulrushes: TropeNamer
* MostWritersAreMale: Chauvinist bias is massively averted in many books. One of the Old Testament Judges (rulers of Israel) was a female, Lady Deborah. The church is described as a woman to be the bride of Christ.
%%* MrsRobinson: Potiphar's Wife
%%* MurderTheHypotenuse: David and Bathsheba.
%%* MyDeathIsJustTheBeginning: [[spoiler:Jesus]]. Enoch and Elijah are considered the two prophets in the Revelation of John, so they count too.
* MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch: Although several groups receive an AlwaysChaoticEvil characterization, it's pretty common for there to be a member of the group who is virtuous--like Ruth as a good Moabite, the Good Samaritan of the New Testament, and some rabbis mentioned in the Talmud who were supposedly descended from evil people like Haman.
* MysticalPlague: A couple of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plagues_of_Egypt Plagues of Egypt]] in The Bible fit: the plague of pestilence (which only affected livestock) and the plague of boils (skin disease).
* NayTheist: Romans 1 declares that existence of God is entirely evident and undeniable, and thus all atheists are this.
* {{Nephilim}}: Mentioned twice with no real information given other than that they were large and scary. Extra-canonical texts are really Ye {{Trope Maker}}s in terms of actually fleshing them out properly.
%%* NeverAcceptedInHisHometown: Jesus and most prophets. It's the TropeNamer, after all.
* NoDoubtTheYearsHaveChangedMe: Joseph's brothers are unable to recognise him after twenty years of separation. It's not surprising, considering that they last saw him as the AnnoyingYoungerSibling whom they sold to slavery, and now he's the Vizier of Egypt and Pharaoh's NumberTwo.
* NowIKnowWhatToNameHim:
** In the gospels, angels speak to both Mary and Joseph, inform them that they will have God's son, and that he will be named Jesus. Since a Hebrew name was also a blessing given at birth, it was standard procedure for the father (in this case God Himself) to come up with the name.
** An angel visited Zechariah and Elizabeth to tell them to call their son John. This was also contrary to custom, since the firstborn son would normally be named after the father.
%%* ObfuscatingInsanity: David -- he faked it, and it worked!
%%* TheObiWan: David to Solomon, John the Baptist to Jesus, Elijah to Elisha, and Paul to Timothy. Also, Elijah and Moses to Jesus.
* {{Omniglot}}: One of the powers of [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve true believers]], according to {{Fanon}}, along with the ability to [[AcquiredPoisonImmunity drink anything poisonous]], [[TheExorcist exorcise demons]], [[HealingHands heal the sick]], and for ''truest'' of true believers NighInvulnerability against demons and evil spirits! A few American groups interpret the source for this one (speaking in tongues) to mean a language absolutely nobody on Earth understands. No one seems to know why.
* OneMarioLimit: Outside of Spanish-speaking countries, you'll be hard-pressed to find anyone else named Jesus nowadays.
* OneSteveLimit:
** There are ''three'' Herods during Jesus' lifetime.
** As well as princess...you guessed it...Herodias (who married two different Herods, both her uncle, in her lifetime).
** As well as two Judases and two Lazari.
** There are even other Jesuses, Jesus himself being a form of the name Joshua. In fact Jesus was a popular name during his time.
** Inverted with all those names (Emmannuel, Joshua, Jesus) that are all meant to be for the same dude.
** Just among the 12 Disciples we have 2 James, 2 Judas, and 2 Simons (though one also went by Peter)
** Not to mention the 4 or so different Marys we have in the Gospels.
%%* OnlyMostlyDead: Tabitha, maybe Lazarus, averted with [[spoiler: Jesus]] where the guards did some [[strike: prodding]] stabbing to check.
%%* OnlySaneMan: Jesus
* OppositeSexClone: God took Adam's rib and cloned Eve from it.
* OurAncestorsAreSuperheroes: The first humans are depicted as living for anywhere from 300 to 900 years, even the ones who didn't have god-given superpowers. Justified in other cases like Samson, or the miracles of the prophets like Moses, Elijah and Jesus. There is implication that humans were originally created immortal with natural abilities that could be considered superhuman but greatly diminished after the Fall and have been further declining over time, healthcare and technology notwithstanding.
* OurAngelsAreDifferent: ''Very'' different. There are a number of "classes of angels; taking the example of the Cherubim, they seem to have faces varying from that of a lion, ox, man, and eagle, eyes all over their bodies, and more than one pair of wings.
%%* OurDragonsAreDifferent:
%%** Satan of course.
%%** Whatever it was that Daniel killed.
%%* OutDamnedSpot: Pontius Pilate
* PalsWithJesus: TropeNamer? Also, several characters are on speaking terms with God, but Enoch’s the only one described as walking faithfully with God for years before God (literally) takes him away.
%%* TheParagon: Jesus.
%%* ParentalFavoritism: Joseph.
* ParentalIncest: Lot and his daughters in Genesis 19:30-38. Though, technically, that was ''rape'' ... by the ''daughters''.
%%* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: Isaac and his wife Rebekah.
%%* PleaseSpareHimMyLiege
* PlayingWithFire: Elijah incinerates much of Israel during his time as a BadassPreacher, including [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome all the foreign prophets who opposed him during a dramatic standoff.]] He also flew to heaven on a chariot drawn by flaming horses.
* PleaseShootTheMessenger: King David gets Uriah out of the way by sending him back to camp with dispatches for the general, Joab. Joab's orders: "Put Uriah out in front where the fighting is fiercest. Then withdraw from him so he will be struck down and die."
%%* PluckyGirl: Ruth, Deborah, Judith, Esther, the Virgin Mary, Mary Magdalene...
* {{Pun}}: In Hebrew, "madmen" means "silence". From Jeremiah 48:2 (NLV translation):
-->The town of Madmen, too, will be silenced; the sword will follow you there.
* PunishedForSympathy: The Old Testament has many examples of God punishing His people for showing sympathy to those He commanded them to destroy.
** Leviticus 10:1-6: Aaron's two sons, Nadab and Abihu, were burned to death by God for offering strange fire which they were commanded not to bring. He then invokes this trope by warning Aaron that he will, too, kill him and the rest of the Israelites should he mourn for their losses.
** Numbers 16:41-50: The Israelites [[JewishComplaining complained to]] Moses about God burning 250 of the other Israelites to death for burning incense. God's response? He gets angry and starts killing 14,700 more of the Israelites.
* PunnyName: Most things. There are plenty of places with names that are similar to normal and appropriate Hebrew words, e.g. ''balal'', confusion, to "Babel".
* PrideBeforeAFall: Satan, by some accounts. Then there's the Tower of Babel, which was intended to reach the heavens.
* ProdigalHero: It appears to have originated this trope.
** The TropeNamer of sorts is Jesus' fable of the Prodigal Son, in which a boy leaves home, loses all of his money gambling, becomes a wreck, and finally returns home, only to be greeted with love and open arms. However, because the son has no real dire reason to leave, and because there is no conflict upon his return, this isn't exactly a straight version of the trope at work.
** A more direct version of the trope, however, comes from the tale of Moses fleeing Egypt, living happily in the desert, and then returning to Egypt to free the Jews from the tyrannical Pharaoh.
* ProtagonistCenteredMorality:
** Things didn't always go badly for those nations normally pitted against the Israelites.
--->"Do you Israelites think you are more important to me than the Ethiopians?" asks the Lord. "I brought you out of Egypt, but have I not done as much for other nations, too? I brought the Philistines from Crete and led the Arameans out of Kir."
--->-- Amos 9:7
** Otherwise good Judean King Josiah interrupted Pharaoh Neco while Pharaoh was on a mission from God and was defeated in battle by Neco in 2 Kings 29.
* RapeAndRevenge: In the book of Genesis, Dinah's brothers kill Shechem (and all the men in his village) after he "lay with her by force," or "subdued her," or "violated her." Their father was not impressed.
* RealityEnsues: Abimelech, first self-proclaimed king of Israel, is killed by a woman who threw a rock at him. He ordered his armor-bearer to run him through with a sword so that no one will know how he really died. Well, someone found out.
%%* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Matthew 23 was this from Jesus against the Pharisees.
%%* RecapEpisode: Most of Deuteronomy and Chronicles.
* RejectedApology:
** Samuel rebukes King Saul for disobeying God's commands in destroying every single Amalekite and only spared the king and their sheep and cattle. Saul repents to the LORD, but Samuel tells him that God won't accept it and He has rejected him as king of Israel. (Depending on the interpreter, the reason for the lack of forgiveness varies.)
** The Bible also repeatedly warns that one day, there will be a final judgement and by then it'll be too late to repent.
* ReplacementGoldfish: After Job's loved ones, friends, and nodding acquaintances are all killed horribly, he eventually has new ones.
* ReptilesAreAbhorrent: Played straight with the story from Genesis, in which the snake is the bad guy. Played with in the incident involving Moses at Pharaoh's court where serpents representing the rival gods duke it out (guess who wins). Played straight in that all reptiles fall into the category of "unclean" species, and snakes are associated with Satan (himself called a dragon in Revelations). Double-subverted later in Exodus when a pillar with bronze snakes is set up to cure the Israelites of a plague -- it later becomes a pagan idol.
* TheRevolutionWillNotBeVilified: Moses is effectively literature's first bio-terrorist, and takes out his aggression against the government on the civilian population.
* RewardedAsATraitorDeserves:
** King David was fighting a civil war against King Saul's successor, Ish-Bosheth, and two opportunistic officers assassinated the enemy king and presented his head to David in anticipation of a reward. He executed the traitors, cut off their hands and feet, and hung their corpses up by the pool at Hebron as a warning to others. As for Ish-Bosheth, David ordered him buried with full honors. This is also in keeping with how he treated an Amalekite who came bringing his predecessor Saul's crown and armband, claiming to have done a mercy-killing on Saul himself. Although David presumably found out later (after executing him) that the man was lying, he cited his decision concerning this other man to Ish-Bosheth's murderers, pointing out that what they'd done was far worse.
** There are also two aversions:
*** Balaam showed his loyalty to Yahweh even though his life was at risk and blessed the Israelites rather than cursing them as God told him to. He was killed for trying to have it both ways. He wouldn't betray God by pronouncing a curse where a blessing was required, but he still wanted the reward that the Midianites were offering to him. So he taught them how they could [[TakeAThirdOption turn the Israelites away from the commandments of God and bring His curse upon themselves,]] making him a pretty straight example of this trope.
*** The prostitute Rahab gave aid and comfort to two Israelite spies, allowing them to bring back information that allowed them to annihilate Jericho. Joshua spared her, and she became one of the ancestors of Christ! [[note]]Rahab married Salmon and became the mother of Boaz (Matthew 1:5) from who David's paternal family came.[[/note]]
* RiversOfBlood:
** It describes this in the apocalyptic battle in Revelation 14:20.
--> And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.
** In the Book of Exodus, one of the ten plagues brought upon the Egyptians was that all water turned to blood– even the river Nile.
* RockOfLimitlessWater: In one of the earliest examples of this trope, Moses strikes a rock with his staff, and by God's power, a waterfall begins spewing out.
* ScamReligion: Every religion other than the one of the Hebrews (and later on, the Christians), from the Bible's perspective. At best, non-Judeo-Christian religions are seen as superstitious and waiting for something better.
* SceneryGorn: Lamentations (destruction of Jerusalem) and Joel (destruction of a field by locusts).
* ScienceIsBad: The Bible is often interpreted to support this message, especially concerning the Tower of Babel.
* ScienceMarchesOn: The concept of the world being a few thousand years old--a tenet of Young Earth Creationism--stems from early attempts to date the age of the Earth by various scholars and historians, who used known history in conjunction with the Bible (note that Genesis, in the original Hebrew, doesn't give a specific date or rate of creation). Later on, the science of geology developed, and scientists found out that the world is much, ''much'' older than they thought ...
%%* TheScourgeOfGod
* ScryVsScry: Moses against Pharaoh's priests. They turned their staffs into serpents; Moses's staff became a serpent which devoured the others.
* SecretTestOfCharacter: God's command to Abraham to kill his son; Job's DeusAngstMachina suffering; the original JudgmentOfSolomon.
* SeriousBusiness: The Bible is the WordOfGod to somewhere around two billion believers, but not all of them share the same beliefs.
* SerpentOfImmortality:
** In Numbers 21, the children of Israel were dying from being bitten by fiery serpents. Moses made a brass serpent and put it on a pole, and whoever looked at it didn't die from snakebite.
** John 3:13: "And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up." So the serpent symbolizes Christ, crucified and resurrected.
* ShamingTheMob: "Let he who is without sin cast the first stone." Not to mention the pissed-off mob at Jesus' trial.
* SharedUniverse: Both the Bible and Torah are actually collections of books.
%%* ShootTheDog
* ShoutOut: Sumerian mythology, according to secular historians. Semitic mythology too, which is not even arguable. Not relevant among believers. The Law of Moses was both a civil and religious code. Many of the civil laws can also be found in other period law codes.
%%* SiblingRivalry: Cain vs Abel, Jacob vs Esau, Joseph vs his 11 brothers
* SixthRanger:
** Paul, who starts out an enemy of the early church but later joins up with them, and ends up being one of the best-known and most frequently quoted Christians of the first century.
** Matthias, who was added to the Twelve after Judas betrayed Jesus.
* TheSoulsaver: Jesus dying on the cross saved the souls of all who believe in Him, both those who had died before Him like Abraham and people who came after Him. (Some interpretations have him literally going ToHellAndBack to retrieve the righteous dead.)
* SpellMyNameWithAnS
** Both "Jesus" and "Joshua" are written in the same way in Greek, as their names in Hebrew are almost exactly the same. This sometimes caused translation errors; the King James Version, for example, has "Jesus" in a few cases where "Joshua" should be.
** In Greek, the name that usually gets translated as "James" would be better translated as "Jacob."
* SpinOff: New Testament from the Tanakh.
* SpiritAdvisor:
** Jesus to his disciples following his [[spoiler:death and resurrection]], before returning to Heaven until the Second Coming on Ascension Thursday.
** Furthermore, [[spoiler:Jesus]] promises to leave the Holy Spirit with believers in order to serve as an aide / "moral compass" for them until he returns from [[spoiler:Heaven]]
** Arguably, God Himself to any of the prophets. Joshua used Him as a Spirit Military Advisor.
* TheStarsAreGoingOut: In the Apocalypse of John, when the stars (or rather, ''shooting'' stars) fall from sky and the [[WeirdMoon moon turns blood red]].
* StartMyOwn:
** In popular legend, when Simon Magus couldn't bribe his way into the new Church--thus inventing the term "simony"--he went around heckling Peter and trying to raise his own church by magic. They then had a showdown in Rome, where Simon wound up dying with varying degrees of impressiveness, DependingOnTheWriter. In the actual verse where he's mentioned, though, it says he became a lay worshiper.
** Gnosticism, as a very early example. And later the Christianity of Constantine, who simply threw Jesus on the pile of gods he already worshipped.
** Early Catholics believed that Muhammad was one of these divisive figures, which is why Dante Alighieri [[DivineComedy put him in Hell with similar offenders]].
%%* StealingFromTheTill: The Book of John notes that Judas was doing this.
* StuffedIntoTheFridge: Job's family, servants, and employees, as a wager between two supernatural beings, [[TheThemeParkVersion at least in the South Park version of events]]. Satan, literally, the Accuser, in the Bible proper has the authority and right to test ANYONE through suffering, within limits. In Job's case, God had sheltered him disproportionately up to that point, hence the extreme fridge-stuffing.
* SympathyForTheHero: Many versions of Pontius Pilate's story show him having this for Jesus, and admitting that Jesus broke no Roman law.
%%* TakeAThirdOption: Christ Jesus in many, many situations. (Matthew 22) Are we answerable to God or to earthly powers such as the Romans? [[note]]Many Jews were pretty much sick of the Romans by this point and had no desire to pay taxes to support Roman idolatry and hedonistic living. The last thing they would have wanted to hear was a command to pay their taxes. If Christ had said that this was unnecessary, though, well ...[[/note]] (John 7-8) Will Jesus say that a woman caught in the act of adultery should be stoned or not? [[note]]If Christ had said that she shouldn't be stoned, the Pharisees would have accused Him of violating the laws of Moses. If He had said that she should, He would likely have been turned over to the Romans, who didn't allow the Jews to perform their own executions.[[/note]]
%%* TakenForGranite: The wife of Lot, who turned into a pillar of salt.
* TakeThat:
%%** The seven brothers in 2 Maccabees chapter 7. Also a FacingTheBulletsOneLiner.
** The story of Lot and his daughters was a TakeThat against the inhabitants of Moab, a nation that bordered ancient Israel, insulting them by saying that they were descended from incest, at least according to some commentary.
** The 10 plagues of Egypt were designed to mock Egypt's gods.
* TakingYouWithMe: Samson. Could be a case of either HeroicSacrifice or RedemptionEqualsDeath, maybe both considering what happened earlier ...
* TemptingFate: The civilization at [[TowerOfBabel Babel]].
-->..."Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves; otherwise we shall be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth." The LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which mortals had built. And the LORD said, "Look, they are one people, and they have all one language; and this is only the beginning of what they will o; nothing that they propose to do now will be impossible for them. Come, let us go down, and confused their language there, so that they will not understand one another's speech."
* ThouShaltNotKill: TropeNamer, though technically, it [[LostInTranslation really translates]] to "You will not ''murder.''" The nation given this command killed often with God's approval--both through capital punishment and God-approved wars ... and it clearly doesn't cover animals.
* TimeSkip: the Old Testament and New Testament are separated by about five hundred years of time. There's another 400-year gap between the account of the Israelites going into Egypt and coming out. The Apocrypha assayed to [[{{Filler}} fill in]] the missing time.
* TitleDrop: Averted. The word "bible" can't be found anywhere in the Bible. It's "scripture." This is mostly due to the fact that the list of canonical scripture as we know it (pretty much no matter which canon you adhere to) wasn't made until long after the books themselves were written. For the standard Christian canon, there was a gap of about 200 years or so between the writing of the last book and the time when the list of canonical books became more-or-less universally accepted within the Church.
* TooDumbToLive:
** Delilah tries to get Samson to reveal his weakness, and Samson tests her by [[BluffTheImpostor telling her a false one]]. This fails. While this is very smart by itself, he then allows her to repeat this ''[[RuleOfThree three times]]'' before finally caving in and admitting it's his hair. Honestly, no matter how much you love her, shouldn't you just get rid of her after the ''first'' time she tries to sell you into slavery to your enemies?
** Pharaoh after seeing that Moses and Aaron have the power of God on their side, is told by Moses that a series of plagues will come to Egypt if he continues to keep the Israelites. Even after this warning, Pharaoh refused and his country suffered for it. Then after letting them go, he changed his mind again ([[LostInTranslation and no, it wasn't God's doing]]) and sent his cavalry after them, and drowning them in the process when the Red Sea the Israelites crossed through closed up on them.
%%* TowerOfBabel: TropeNamer
%%* TragicBromance: David and Jonathan.
%%* TraumaCongaLine: Job
%%* TraumaticHaircut: Samson
* TropeOverdosed (and the TropeMaker, TropeNamer, or TropeCodifier in many cases) Of course, we should bear in mind that it's technically a collection of several dozen books (the exact number depending on the canon you adhere to).
%%* TurnTheOtherCheek: TropeNamer
* TwentyBearAsses: Saul offered his daughter's hand in marriage to David, if David could bring him [[GroinAttack 100 Philistine foreskins]]. David one-upped him and brought back 200.
%%* TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture: The DistantFinale.
* UnbuiltTrope:
** Picture if you will a being that exists outside of space and time that can make and unmake the universe at will just with its voice, who sometimes sends messengers into the mortal world to manipulate mortals into performing seemingly insignificant actions as small parts of a ''very'' long-term plan that is inscrutable to all beings except itself, that has the power not only to destroy said people's bodies but also to lock their souls into an eternal state of AndIMustScream for failing to follow said plan, and that is so incomprehensible to human beings that the mere sight of its true form would kill them instantly and even a small fraction of its power is able to induce bowel-clenching visceral terror in even its most loyal of servants. No, it's not some Lovecraftian EldritchAbomination; that's {{God}} Himself. And He's not out to destroy or mutate the reality He created with His sheer Eldritchy might, He's the (what most Christians believe him to be) benevolent guardian of humanity who sends a manifestation of Himself ({{Jesus}}) to show them the light, and protect them from a lesser but actually evil entity ({{Satan}}).
** [[OurAngelsAreDifferent The designs of the various kinds of angels]] are amazing. Take the seraphim: They have six wings; two covering their face, two covering their feet, and two to fly. The cherubim, no connection to the cute baby angels you might know, have "four faces and four wings, with straight feet with a sole like the sole of a calf's foot, and "hands of a man" under their wings. Each had four faces: "The face of a man, the face of a lion on the right side, the face of an ox on the left side, and the face of an eagle." If you saw that in a manga, movie, comic book or something else like that, it'd be praised for its innovativeness.
** The story of Samson can be retroactively seen as a deconstruction of the MessianicArchetype. He knew he was the ChosenOne and abused his special status, and he was overconfident with his powers, leading to him getting betrayed by Delilah. In the end he pushed those pillars down and killed the Philistines out of revenge because he had nothing left to live for. For the irony-challenged, however, Samson is purely a {{Badass}} folk hero who gets a GreatWayToGo.
** Delilah is often thought of as an originator of TheVamp, HoneyTrap and FemmeFatale tropes, but her relationship with Samson didn't begin in deceit, as the Philistines approached her when they were already together. In films, though, she is typically depicted as being ''sent'' to seduce Samson, as already having some personal fixation on him, or even as offering her services to the Philistines herself instead of the other way around. Also, the Biblical text never says whether or not her love for Samson was genuine.
** The story of Balaam is a deconstruction of the StubbornMule, as well as an example of TruthInTelevision. Balaam was hired to curse the Israelites, but was held back by his mule, who refused to cooperate. When the mule was granted to speak, she revealed that she was protecting him from the invisible angel in front of them, who would have killed Balaam had the mule cooperated. The fact that the stubbornness exhibited by donkeys and mules is really an act of self-preservation is largely overlooked in future media.
* TheUnfavorite: A number of Israel's neighbor nations, most famously the Philistines. The Israelites were God's chosen people, and charged with warring against several of them. The Israelites however, were not exclusively God's only people, but a representative nation. They lived peaceably with many of their more benign neighbors.
%%* UntrustingCommunity
* UnwantedFalseFaith: Acts 14, Paul of Tarsus and Barnabus are witnessing in one Greek city and performing some miracles while they were at it. The citizens of the city were convinced that they were the Gods, Hermes and Zeus respectively and set up a whole procession to sacrificing to them as such. The apostles had to go to considerable lengths trying to make them to stop. This, in turn, made it easier for troublemakers to convince the very same citizens to attempt stoning Paul and Barnabus to death.
* TheUriahGambit: TropeNamer. Named after David's attempt to get a woman and conceal his guilt by sending her husband who is one of his own loyal soldiers to death in the hands of the enemy.
%%* TheVamp: Delilah, Samson's girlfriend. Also Queen Jezebel.
%%* VillainWithGoodPublicity: "The Beast" in the DistantFinale.
%%* VillainousBreakdown: Saul ever since God rejected him.
* VirginityFlag: After Amon rapes her, Tamar tears her garment that was reserved for the king's virgin daughters. Her full brother Absolom immediately realizes what happened when he sees her.
%%* VoiceOfTheLegion
* WalkingTheEarth: The punishment to the Israelites (they were made to walk around in circles for 40 years) and to Cain. According to Medieval legend, Cain walked all the way to ''the moon''.
* WallOfText: While everyone is aware that the Bible is revered by many as having all the answers, many people are shocked at how much text in it is history, etc and not wisdom.
* WarriorPoet: David, giant slayer and great musician/poet/dancer.
* WeaksauceWeakness: Several passages in the books of Joshua and Judges portray the Canaanites with iron chariots. The Hebrews had a hard time fighting them, but they were still able to take over the hill country they wanted. Nevertheless, the idea that an army with God's will can't overcome iron chariots is very popular among FanHaters.
* WellIntentionedExtremist: General Joab, who murdered people because he thought they would hinder David's success. Also, one possible interpretation of Judas, who may have desired the Kingdom of Heaven to be restored by physical force.
* WhatTheHellHero: David's MurderTheHypotenuse tactic gets a ''very'' angry and critical response from Nathan. Saul has done this kind of thing, too. Many of the otherwise benevolent kings (not counting evil ones) after him also done these one way or another.
* WhoWantsToLiveForever: Adam and Eve are banished from Eden, in part, so that they won't be able to eat from the Tree of Life, causing them to live forever with the curses they received for eating from the Tree of Knowledge.
* WorldsStrongestMan: Samson was given supernatural strength by God. He could to stuff like beating an entire army with an donkeys jawbone.
* XanatosGambit: Joseph plays one when he demands that the brothers give up Benjamin to be his slave and themselves return to Canaan safely. That way, he ensure that either he gets to keep Benjamin with him (if his brothers treat Benjamin like a dispensable family member, as they treated Joseph years ago), or his brothers show a sufficient CharacterArc by refusing to leave Benjamin in Egypt, in which case he reconciles with all of them and brings his entire clan over to Egypt. Luckily for the Israelites, the latter plan eventuates.
* YouCantGoHomeAgain: After Adam and Eve break the rules in the Garden of Eden, they are cast out forever and an angel with a flaming sword guards it from them. Hence, they and their descendants spread around the planet.
* YouNeverDidThatForMe: Happens at the end of the parable of The Prodigal Son, where the brother who ''didn't'' leave home and waste all his money wonders why he doesn't get a fatted calf.
* YoungestChildWins:
** Abel's sacrifice is accepted, Cain's is not. Isaac is favored by his mother over Ishmael, his older half-brother. Jacob is favored by his mother over Esau, the firstborn twin. Joseph is favored by his father over all his older brothers, as is Benjamin. Moses's degree of prophecy outranks Aaron's. David, the youngest of 7, was anointedking and Solomon, David's youngest son, becomes the next king. Each of these were meant to be subversions of the cultural standard. The story of Jacob and Esau even acknowledges that under normal circumstances Esau's the one who had the birthright coming to him.
** This theme is one of the overarching motifs of the book of Genesis. It also shows up later, but especially in Genesis. As noted above, it was a (presumably intentional) subversion of how things actually tended to work in real life.
** The older brothers get along fine afterwards. Cain founded a city, Ishmael served the Lord and founded a great nation (the Arabs) who eventually [[UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} served the Lord in their own way]], Esau made up with Jacob and founded his own nation, and the Tribe of Judah became leader of the Twelve -- and, with Benjamin, the only one to survive.