''The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay'' (2000) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Creator/MichaelChabon about TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks, focusing on two Jewish cousins, American writer Sam Clay (born Klayman) and Czech artist Josef Kavalier, who together create a popular superhero comic called the Escapist, inspired in equal measure by Harry Houdini and {{Superman}}.

Many events in the novel are based on the lives of actual comic-book creators, and the book as a whole is generally an homage to the comics of the [[TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden Age]]. It had a pseudo-sequel in Creator/BrianKVaughan's ''The Escapists'', as well as two ultra-short stories that recount events cut from the novel, and a [[DistantFinale faux-interview with Rosa Saks in 1988.]]

Not to be confused with ''[[WebAnimation/ZeroPunctuation that]]'' ''[[http://www.escapistmagazine.com/ Escapist]]''.

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!!This book contains examples of:

* AllGermansAreNazis: Deconstructed. Joe ends up venting his hatred of the Nazis on anyone who looks even vaguely German, regardless of whether they support Hitler. Near the end [[spoiler: when he's stationed in Antarctica with the Navy, he's so desperate to kill some Nazis that he goes out of his way to track down and kill an innocent German geologist. He immediately feels terrible about it]].
** Ironically, in one scene he actually saves the life of the Spaniard Creator/SalvadorDali, apparently unaware that he's a prominent Fascist.
* AmbiguouslyGay: DiscussedTrope. The Senate committee grills Sam about the fact that he constantly creates young male sidekicks for his characters, and all but calls Franchise/{{Batman}} gay.
* AuthorFilibuster: The narrator occasionally stops the action in the middle of conversations to go on, at length, about just how awesome 40's comics were.
* AuthorVocabularyCalendar
* BadassGrandpa: Bernard Kornblum.
* TheBeard: [[spoiler: Rosa to Sam in the classic sense of covering up the fact that he's gay, and Sam to Rosa to cover up having Joe's baby out of wedlock.]]
* BigApplesauce: Not surprising, New York hosted many Jewish immigrants during this time.
* BittersweetEnding: Although, considering the gloomy circumstances, perhaps as happy as you could hope. [[spoiler: Joe ends up back with Rosa and his son, but Sam is outed as a homosexual and runs away from it all to LA. However, the first page of the book seems to indicate that he did relatively well for himself in the years to follow and there are implications that he and Joe continued to work as Kavalier & Clay, so it's not all sad.]]
* TheCameo: Creator/SalvadorDali appears in one scene. Near the end, there's a brief scene in a New York cafe where StanLee and Gil Kane (among others) show up to get a cup of coffee.
* ClosetKey: Tracy Bacon for Sam Clay. Sam's mother knows this before he does.
* CommieNazis: Once WorldWarII ends, the people who own The Escapist have no problem switching his villains from the Nazis to The Soviets.
* CuttingTheKnot: According to Kornblum, Harry Houdini had his wife sneak him a key in a glass of water when he couldn't escape a lock. This is used as AnAesop about ThePowerOfLove.
* DeadGuyJunior: [[spoiler: Tommy]]
* DearJohnLetter:[[spoiler: Inverted]]
* DisappearedDad: Sam's father was always on the road. Just as well, as his relationship with Sam's mother was rather dysfunctional.
** Also, [[spoiler: Joe becomes one to his own son after he joins the Navy and refuses to come home]] and [[spoiler: Sam himself becomes something like one at the very end]].
* DroppedABridgeOnHim: [[spoiler: Tracy Bacon]] gets this towards the end. A few years after [[spoiler: Sam abandons him]], we briefly learn that he was killed in the war.
* EasilyForgiven: [[spoiler: Rosa easily takes back Joe after he ran off for thirteen years, then came back and initiated a ZanyScheme to, [[ItMakesSenseInContext essentially, bungee jump off the Empire State Building]].]]
* {{Escapism}}: The story deals with the theme of literal and metaphorical escapism, especially the way in which various characters use comics to escape the troubles of their lives. Kavalier wants to escape the memory of the Nazis and guilt over his little brother. Clay wishes to escape his closeted gay life and his disability. Together they create the Escapist, a literal escape artist, who gains popularity when the public uses him to escape from the war.
* EscapistCharacter: [[MeaningfulName The Escapist]], for people in-universe.
* {{Expy}}: Joe's escapologist trade is influenced by real-life comic book artist Creator/JimSteranko, who was also an escape artist and magician before becoming a comic book artist. Steranko was also the inspiration for the Creator/JackKirby character [[NewGods Mister Miracle]], and Chabon has acknowledged the connection.
* {{Gayngst}}: Sam Clay is a gay man in the 1940's... so it comes up in force, complete with the addition of [[UsefulNotes/TheComicsCode Fredric Wertham]] and the congressional investigations into comicbooks in the 1950's. Ironically, he seems to be the only one ashamed of his sexuality, [[spoiler: and [[WhatTheHellHero ends up abandoning Tracy because of it]]]].
* {{Golem}}: There is a lengthy subplot that manages to involve the Golem of Prague, WorldWarII, and Creator/HarryHoudini.
* HeroesLoveDogs: Justified, because[[spoiler: they are sled dogs after all.]]
* HistoricalDomainCharacter:
** Real comic book writers and artists from that era appear frequently.
** Joe saves Creator/SalvadorDali from suffocating inside a diving helmet, and Max Ernst makes an appearance.
** Joe and Sam are invited by OrsonWelles to an advance screening of ''CitizenKane'', which inspires Joe to take a more cinematic approach to drawing comics.
* HistoricalInJoke: Occasionally, usually involving the long-term future of superheroes and the comicbook industry.
* {{Irony}}: Joe tries to take out his anger at the Nazis by picking fights with every German-looking person he runs across. He ends up in fights with lots of innocent German-Americans who want nothing to do with Hitler. But when he runs into Creator/SalvadorDali (who actually ''is'' a fascist), he ends up saving his life.
* JewishAndNerdy: Played straight and subverted to varying degrees.
* LiteraryAgentHypothesis: The novel is written as a dramatization of historical reality, including fake citations of historical sources and frequent mentions of the eventual fates of side characters. The Escapist comics published by Dark Horse are in turn presented as "reprints".
* MagicRealism: The subplot about the Golem of Prague has a touch of this. [[spoiler: In particular, the circumstances under which its crate found its way to the house in Long Island.]]
* MeaningfulName: Sam Clay's real last name is Klayman, or "Clay Man." The book heavily references the story of the Golem, another Clay Man. Kavalier is a play on the French "cavale", meaning escape. Joe's escape artist stage name is The Amazing Cavalieri, putting the emphasis closer to the French.
* MostWritersAreWriters
* NakedOnArrival: How Joe first meets Rosa. He and Sam are trying to get into the apartment building where the local cartoonists work, but the front door's locked, so he scales the fire escape and goes in through the window...only to find Rosa lying on the couch completely naked. As soon as his friends find out, one of them pays him to draw her naked from memory.
* ANaziByAnyOtherName: The "Razis", led by evil dictator "Atilla Haxoff" (and similar pseudonyms), when ExecutiveMeddling forces them to lay off the Germans, since they're not yet at war with them.
* OffscreenMomentOfAwesome: [[spoiler: Joe's trek across Antarctica is almost entirely skipped over. First, his pilot dies shortly into the trip and he is forced to continue flying it alone with no experience. After killing the German, he treks ''on foot'' across the Tundra and barely survives by finding an old pre-war German base camp and holing up.]]
* ReassignedToAntarctica: [[spoiler: Literally. Joe joins the navy in hopes of fighting the Nazis, but he is instead assigned to a remote naval outpost in Antarctica, miles away from any actual battles. This is particularly hard on him, as he only enlisted so he could avenge his little brother, who was killed in a German torpedo attack]].
* ScarpiaUltimatum: A particularly cruel one. [[spoiler: Sam says yes.]]
* SecretSecretKeeper: Almost everyone for Sam. His mother figures out the attraction between him and Tracy before he does himself, and Rosa pegs him as gay shortly after meeting him.
* ShiksaGoddess: Tracy is the SpearCounterpart of this trope.
* ShootTheDog: [[spoiler:Literally. Poor Oyster.]]
* ShotgunWedding: [[spoiler: Sam and Rosa's marriage was rushed to avoid her having Joe's child out of wedlock.]]
* ShoutOut: Clay's father is called the Mighty Molecule - it's a reference to the Golden Age Atom.
* ShownTheirWork: The book even has an extended bibliography.
* StraightGay: All of the gay men in the novel are rather inconspicuous. [[ValuesDissonance Of course, they had to be.]]
* {{Superdickery}}: The trope is outlined in full, with the Escapist participating in a classic example, when the book chronicles the 50's.
* TimeSkip:[[spoiler: A few years during WorldWarII and a whopping decade after.]]
* TwoferTokenMinority: Sam is JewishAndNerdy, StraightGay, and [[GeniusCripple walks on crutches due to a childhood bout with Polio]]. Arguably, Joe as well, being both Jewish and a German-speaking immigrant.
* VengeanceFeelsEmpty: Joe Kavalier escaped Czechoslovkia prior to US entry into World War II and spent two years cultivating his rage over the Nazi occupation of Prague, resettlement of his family, [[spoiler: death of his father]] and finally, [[spoiler: death of his beloved brother by German U-Boat.]] Hell-bent on revenge, Joe joins the navy in hopes of [[spoiler: killing German soldiers]]. By way of [[spoiler: Antarctica]], he finally acheives his goal of [[spoiler: murdering a German]]. [[spoiler: However, the man was an innocent scientist]] and Joe's successful revenge made him feel like "the worst man in the world."
* WarIsHell: Reconstructed [[spoiler: in a (mostly) non-combat situation. Joe is eager to fight the Nazis and pay them back for murdering his family, but, because he's a native German speaker, he [[KickedUpstairs ends up far away from the fighting intercepting radio transmissions]], at an outpost in MysteriousAntarctica, where the only thing to fight is the harsh conditions. He sees all his comrades die, pointlessly, from a carbon monoxide leak. He does shoot one German-- who turns out to be a nice guy and not at all a Nazi.]]
* WartimeWedding: [[spoiler: Rosa and Sam's wedding is a variation of this. It's also combined with TheBeard and ShotgunWedding.]]
* WhatDoYouMeanItsForKids: In-universe example, but reflective of real life. Joe channels a great deal of his hatred of [[NaziGermany The Nazis]] into some very detailed, but graphically violent fight comics.
* YouCantGoHomeAgain: Joe, in respect to both New York and Prague.
* YouHaveToHaveJews: Explains the preponderance of references explicit and implicit to Jewish culture in comics.
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