''The Adventures of Pinocchio'' (''Le avventure di Pinocchio'', [-AKA-] ''Storia di un burattino'' ("The story of a marionette") is Italyís most famous FairyTale, first published in 1883. Its author, Carlo Collodi, wrote a great deal for children, but ''Pinocchio'' is the only one of Collodiís tales to have been translated into the English language.

An old Italian woodcarver, Geppetto, receives a piece of wood which looks perfect for making a puppet. The wood is magical, and the puppet comes to life. Geppetto calls it Pinocchio [[MeaningfulName (which means "pine nut")]] and tries to bring it up as his son. Yet the task is anything but easy, as Pinocchio tends to be cheeky, naughty, disobedient, and all-too-susceptible to the bad influence of liars and false friends. Pinocchio tumbles from one disastrous adventure to another, but things take a turn for the better when he meets the Blue Fairy, who promises him that he can one day become "a real boy" if he changes his ways.

In [[TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation 1940]], Disney made an animated film based on this story, simply called ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}''. In 1936, Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy published his retelling of the Pinocchio story in the Soviet Union called ''The Golden Key''.

Since it's in the public domain, you can read it [[http://www.literaturepage.com/read/pinocchio.html here]].

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!!''The Adventures of Pinocchio'' features these tropes:

* AccidentalMurder: Pinocchio throws a mallet at the Cricket in retaliation for scolding him, [[spoiler:seemingly killing it]].
* AdaptationalVillainy: Fire Eater AKA Mangiafuoco AKA Stromboli AKA Lorenzini, depending on the translation\adaption, is more of a Type V AntiHero than a villain in the book; although he is willing to kill any of the puppets and chop them up for firewood, he is easily moved to tears and shows Pinocchio kindness when he regrets his cruelty. He is almost always portrayed as far more evil in film, and has even become an iconic Disney villain.
* AesopAmnesia: Each chapter Pinocchio gets hit on the head with a lesson and vows to keep to the straight and narrow, from which he invariably strays again in the next.
* AmbiguouslyHuman: The Blue Fairy looks like a human here, and is called the Lovely Maiden with Azure Hair.
* AnimateInanimateObject: Pinocchio started out as a sentient block of wood.
* AntiHero: Pinocchio genuinely loves Geppetto and the Blue Fairy, but ''dear God'', is he a reckless irritant.
* BalefulPolymorph: The children who turn into donkeys in the Land of Toys. [[spoiler: They are sold to unsuspecting adults who think they're buying normal donkeys.]]
* BellyOfTheWhale
* BigEater: The Cat and the Fox. Just look at the amount of food they wolf down during the dinner at the "Red Lobster Inn".
* BitchInSheepsClothing: The fox and the cat, and the coachman.
* CantGetAwayWithNuthin: Since this is a moral tale, Pinocchio always faces some kind of punishment for his misdeeds.
* CassandraTruth
* ChekhovsGunman: In the belly of the Dogfish, Pinocchio meet a fatalist old tuna fish. [[spoiler: Later said tuna decided to imitate Pinocchio and escaped from the Dogfish's mouth and also helped Pinocchio and Geppetto to reach the coast.]]
* CostumePorn: Medoro the Poodle's ensemble is beautifully described.
* CrapsackWorld: The author makes it a point that every time something bad happens to Pinocchio, he had it coming. But usually it's LaserGuidedKarma, which does much more to punish Pinocchio when he does something bad, than reward him when he does something good. It's only because of PlotArmor that he survives to the end of the book; consider what happens to the other puppets and children...
* DeadpanSnarker: Geppetto in chapter 2:
-->"What brought you here, friend Geppetto?" "My legs."
* DisneyDeath: [[spoiler:Pinocchio in Chapter 15. Thanks to reader demands, the Cricket, Owl and Crow tend to his injuries.]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: Although Pinocchio is being a jerk a lot of the time when things go wrong for him, there is at least one instance where his comeuppance seems far from reasonable: [[spoiler: after promising to go to school and work, Pinocchio is informed that the monster that swallowed his father is in the local harbor. The other boys egg him on, telling him to bunk school and come and see it. He refuses, saying he will go after school. When they tell him that the beast will be gone by then, he agrees to miss one day of school to see the creature that *swallowed his father*. The boys turned out to have tricked him, and of course Pinocchio gets into a fight, is arrested for a murder than he didn't commit, and lands up in another series of horrible misadventures.]] Perhaps if things hadn't gone so badly he would have continued bunking school, though.
** Lampwick. Sure, he's a bit of a brat, who bunks off school, and causes trouble, but he's still a little boy, who could have changed. And is there really any need for him to die??
* DoNotCallMePaul: Geppetto hates being called Polentina, but it is never explained why.
** Something about the color of his wig which looks like the same color of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polenta polenta]] (a typical Italian pudding-like food made from maize flour).
* EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: Everyone calls Maestro Antonio Maestro Cherry because of his cherry-like nose.
* FaceOfAThug: Fire Eater definitely has this.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: There are several hints that the fox and the cat are [[BitchInSheepsClothing not the kindhearted crippled philanthropists they seem to be]] before they steal Pinocchio's money. Like when they tell Pinocchio that education and studying is how they became crippled. And when they arrive at the inn on their way to the field of miracles (a non existent field the two made up where money grows on trees) to have bite to eat and rest (the real reason being as a place they could lose Pinocchio, in order to attack him in disguise later) , they narrator states that they were very sick and could only eat 35 mullets and 25 chickens for dinner, and leave Pinocchio to pay for it all (under the excuse that [[BlatantLies they were so polite, they did not want to him offend him by not giving him the honor of paying the bill.]]) And if that weren't enough for Pinocchio to see through, when they attack him in disguise later for his money, Pinocchio [[WhatDoYouMeanItsForKids cuts off the cat's paw]]. The next day, when Pinocchio sees the cat has lost his paw too, he [[TooDumbToLive does not put two and two together.]] So sadly, not realizing any of these useful warnings, he is tricked into burying his money in field of miracles, and while he goes to wait in the city, the two dig up his money and Pinocchio is robbed.
* FranchiseZombie: ''Again'', see "What Could Have Been."
* FriendToAllLivingThings: The Blue Fairy
* GrowsOnTrees: The Fox and the Cat pull this with Pinocchio.
* HorribleJudgeOfCharacter: Pinocchio is far too trusting with shady individuals, most notably, the fox and cat.
* InWhichATropeIsDescribed: Each chapter is headed with a summary of its events.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: The Fairy states this to be the case with Pinocchio when he [[spoiler: [[OnlyMostlyDead weeps over her grave.]] [[note]] He felt guilty because the grave marker said she died from a broken heart after Pinocchio abandoned her[[/note]]]] Noting that it means, in spite of his faults, he does a good heart and in that, he has a possible chance for redemption.
* KarmaHoudini: The Little Man is undoubtedly the most horrible person in the book, but he gets away scot-free.
** As Pinocchio, The Fox and The Cat are all punished at different stages of the book for their varying levels of wickedness, and the good characters (e.g. Geppetto, The Fairy, The Talking Cricket, and sometimes Pinocchio as well) tend to be miraculously rewarded in the most unlikely ways, it may be a safe assumption that the villains of the book (none of which get any comeuppance except for the fox and the cat) are headed for trouble as well.
* KidsAreCruel: Pinocchio is a jerk and a hedonist, despite all Geppetto does for him.
** His classmates are worse.
* KnowNothingKnowItAll: The Crow and Owl, who for some reason are doctors.
* LaserGuidedKarma: At the end of the story [[spoiler: the Cat eventually got blind for real, and the Fox was forced to sell his own tail for a living and now they're both alone and miserable]].
* LemonyNarrator: The narrative frequently addresses the reader directly.
* LeftForDead: [[spoiler:Pinocchio after the Fox and the Cat hang him in Chapter 15. This was originally meant as the ''end of the story.'' Fortunately, in Chapter 16, he gets better.]]
* LivingToys: Not quite this trope but it's close enough.
* MeaningfulName: Pinocchio means "pine nut".
* OurFairiesAreDifferent: The Maiden is actually first seen as a ''living corpse''.
* ParentalSubstitute: The Lovely Maiden with Azure Hair.
* PoliceAreUseless: The authorities don't do anything about all the antagonists. When they actually lay down the law, it's on the good guys. Pinocchio actually gets jailed just for being robbed, and when all the prisoners are set free for no reason except that the emperor feels like it, he's not released until he says he's a thief.
* PublicDomainCharacter
* ReptilesAreAbhorrent: At one point, Pinocchio finds a huge snake with smoke coming out of its tail blocking the path. Pinocchio can't get past it, but he falls down and gets stuck in the road... The snake, after seeing the funny scene of Pinocchio's legs sticking out of the road, thrashing wildly, literally [[DieLaughing laughs itself to death]].
* ScareEmStraight: Collodi originally conceived this as a [[http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/books/2011/10/carlo_collodi_s_pinocchio_why_is_the_original_pinocchio_subjecte.html gruesome morality tale]].
* SpiritAdvisor: [[spoiler:The Cricket in Chapter 14.]]
* SupernaturalAid: The Lovely Maiden with Azure Hair
* TalkingAnimal: There are lots of them, so talking donkeys don't surprise anyone.
* TallPoppySyndrome: As you know, the blue fairy promised him he'd become a real boy if he's always well-behaved and gets good grades in school. Then one day, the other boys tell him that the monster whale was seen near their place, and that they should skip school to look for it. Pinocchio hesitates, but then decides to join them because he cares about Geppetto. When they go to the sea, no whale. Pinocchio gets suspicious, and wants to know what's going on. Then, the other boys tell him, that they'll look bad if he's an A-student, but if everyone in class was as lazy as they are, they'd be just average.
* TransformationTrauma
* UnexplainedRecovery: [[spoiler:The Cricket, after being crushed by Pinocchio, and then turning up alive in Chapter 16.]]
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: Mastro Cherry only exists in the story to discover the wood that would become Pinocchio and give it to Geppetto.
* WhatMeasureIsANonHuman: [[spoiler: The donkeys, and their treatment was very much TruthInTelevision at the time. Strikingly, being {{Talking Animal}}s doesn't make any difference in this universe.]]
* WonderChild: Pinocchio himself, natch, brought to life by Gepetto's wish for a child.
* YouGottaHaveBlueHair: The Lovely Maiden with Azure Hair. {{Justified|Trope}} because she is a fairy.
** Specifically, she is an {{Expy}} of the Virgin Mary, whose traditional blue scarf is often mistaken by little children for blue hair.
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