->"He never sought to analyze his motives and he never wavered, once his mind was made up. Though he always acted on impulse, he firmly believed that all his actions were governed by cold and logical reasonings. He was a man born out of his time -- a strange blending of Puritan and Cavalier, with a touch of the ancient philosopher, and more than a touch of the pagan, though the last assertion would have shocked him unspeakably. An atavist of the days of blind chivalry he was, a knight errant in the somber clothes of the fanatic. A hunger in his soul drove him on and on, an urge to right all wrongs, protect all weaker things, avenge all crimes against right and justice. Wayward and restless as the wind, he was consistent in only one respect -- he was true to his ideals of justice and right. Such was Solomon Kane."
-->-- '''Robert E. Howard''', "Moon of Skulls"

''Solomon Kane'' is a character created by Creator/RobertEHoward in 1928. He appears in several short stories by Howard published mostly in the pulp magazine ''Magazine/WeirdTales''. A 16th century Puritan, Solomon Kane wanders the world with no apparent goal other than to vanquish evil in all its forms. His adventures often take him from Europe to the jungles of Africa and back.

Howard described him as a somber and gloomy man of pale face and cold eyes, all of it shadowed by a slouch hat. He is dressed entirely in black and his weaponry consists of a rapier, a dagger, and a couple of flintlock pistols. During one of his latter adventures his friend N'Longa, a black African shaman, gave him a juju staff that served as a protection against evil, but could easily be wielded as an effective weapon. It is revealed in another story, "The Footfalls Within," that this is the mythical Staff of Solomon, a talisman older than the Earth and unimaginably powerful, much more so than even N'Longa knew. In the same adventure with N'Longa, Kane is seen using a musket as well.

The Solomon Kane stories (like most of Howard's writing) are a peripheral part of the Franchise/CthulhuMythos. One story, "Death's Black Riders" (by Robert E. Howard and C.J. Henderson), pits Kane against Tsathoggua, a well-known [[EldritchAbomination Great Old One]].

Some of the original stories [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Author:Robert_Ervin_Howard#Solomon_Kane here]]. As of 2010, he's having a bit of a renaissance, with a new comic, roleplaying game, and [[Film/SolomonKane live-action movie]].
[[folder:Stories by Robert E. Howard]]
* ''Red Shadows''. First published in August, 1928.
* ''Skulls in the Stars''. First published in January, 1929.
* ''Rattle of Bones''. First published in June, 1929.
* ''Blades of the Brotherhood'', also known as ''The Blue Flame of Vengeance''. There are 3 known versions of this tale Two by Howard, and one by John Pocsik. Howard wrote his original version in 1929, but could not find a publisher for it. This version was first published in 1968. Howard wrote a second version in 1932, replacing Solomon Kane with Malachi Grim. This version was not published until 2007. Pocsik revised the original story and added new elements in it. His version was first published in 1964.
* ''The Moon of Skulls''. First published in 2 parts, from June to July, 1930.
* ''Hills of the Dead''. First published in August, 1930.
* ''The Footfalls Within''. First published in September, 1931.
* ''Wings in the Night''. First published in July, 1932.
* ''Solomon Kane's Homecoming''. A poem, first published in Spring, 1936. An elderly Solomon Kane returns to his native Devon, contemplating retirement. He learns that Bess (apparently his former lover) is long dead, and nobody remembers him. He leaves home once again, heading for unknown destinations. The story is seen as a finale for the character, with the date estimated to c. 1610.
* ''The One Black Stain''. Poem, first published in Spring 1962. Kane attends the trial and execution of Thomas Doughty (1545-1578). He has an argument with the man responsible Francis Drake (1540-1596). This is the only Solomon Kane story with a specific date for the events covered.
* ''The Right Hand of Doom''. First published in 1968. Unusually, Solomon Kane is actually a peripheral character in this story.
* ''The Castle of the Devil''. Left in fragmentary form, first published in 1968. Ramsey Campbell wrote a completed version of the story in 1978.
* ''The Children of Asshur''. Left in fragmentary form, first published in 1968. Ramsey Campbell wrote a completed version of the story in 1978.
* ''Hawk of Basti''. Left in fragmentary form, first published in 1968. Ramsey Campbell wrote a completed version of the story in 1978.
* ''The Return of Sir Richard Grenville''. Poem. First published in 1968. Solomon Kane encounters the ghost of his old friend Richard Grenville (1542-1591).
* ''Death's Black Riders''. Left in fragmentary form, first published in Spring, 1968. Several writers have created alternate completed versions of the story.


* AbusivePrecursors: Kane believes the Atlanteans to have been these, considering it good fortune that such a civilization would fall.
* AlwaysChaoticEvil: The blacks in "The Moon of Skulls" and the Akaana.
* AncientAfrica: Some stories are set here.
* AnimalMotifs: Solomon Kane is often likened to a wolf for his speed and fierce nature. Interestingly his first foe in his first story ("Red Shadows") was a french sadistic mercenary called Le Loup (i.e the Wolf).
* AntiHero: Of the KnightInSourArmor variety.
* AsTheGoodBookSays: For example, after the lost city of Negari collapses and crumbles, Kane recalls a prophetic passage of ruin from the book of Isaiah.
* BackupFromOtherworld: In the poem ''The Return of Sir Richard Grenville'', the ghost of the eponymous worthy (who was a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Grenville real life historical figure]]) appears to fight side-by-side with his comrade-in-life Solomon Kane.
* BadassBoast: A bit more somberly stated that most, but "It has fallen upon me, now and again in my sojourns through the world, to ease various evil men of their lives." Almost a BadassCreed, as he seems to like using the phrase (Once in "The Blue Flame of Vengeance", once in "The Castle of the Devil").
** From "The Moon of Skulls", though it's more the ''opposite'' of a boast; it's a sign of humility;
--->Nay, alone I am a weak creature, having no strength or might in me; yet in times past hath God made me a great vessel of wrath and a sword of deliverance. And, I trust, shall do so again.
** It falls in line with Kane's strict Christian worldview. Even if he had the means to fight and destroy single-handed the murderous cult in "The Moon of Skulls" (which was blatantly impossible), this was mass murder, a great sin by itself. By shooting their skull idol, [[HoistByHisOwnPetard their own cruelty and madness drove them to self-destruction]], while the earthquake (God's action) completed the razing of their city. Practically Kane used sword, dagger and pistol throughout only in self-defense and he ended the adventure with clean hands, which was a feat in itself.
* BadassLongcoat
* BadassNormal: It's a Creator/RobertEHoward character.
* BatScare: Kane disturbs a swarm of bats while exploring a tunnel in "The Moon of Skulls". Normally this wouldn't have fazed him, but it happens in complete darkness, so it takes him a moment to realize they're harmless.
* TheBerserker: He's really a kind man, and usually almost uncannily calm and controlled, but when he does snap (like in "Wings in the Night"), it's quite a sight.
* BerserkButton: Slavery. Kane, who keeps a remarkably cool head in front of the fiercest human bandits and supernatural [[EldritchAbomination Eldritch Abominations]], becomes nearly hysterical with rage when he sees a band of [[MoralEventHorizon slavers torturing captured Africans]] (''"The Footfalls Within"'').
** At least one story mentions that Kane spent some time as a Turkish galley slave.
* BlackBestFriend: N'Longa
* BloodBrothers: N'longa and Kane.
* ButNotTooBlack: Zunna is referred to as a "higher type" of Negro due to her more traditionally Caucasian features, attributed to a Berber strain.
** RaceLift: [[http://marveluniversity.blogspot.ro/2016/11/weird-marvel-tales-volume-five.html The comic book adaptation of]] [[TheSeventies 1978]], otherwise faithful to original text, displays Queen Nakari with swarthy (not black) skin, but Caucasian facial features. Which makes no sense in the original story line, where she was of mostly African descent from along line of African warriors and priests. The imprisoned Atlantean priest, explicitly said in the story to be black skinned, [[https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Fx9JPYDqtRk/WBFVT3AWRoI/AAAAAAAAtcI/OHN9q_61u3IhotQ3gVajq1XkmJTYsg1ngCLcB/s320/Screen%2BShot%2B2016-10-26%2Bat%2B6.14.16%2BPM.png is depicted with light skin and Asian / Mongoloid facial features]].
* ButNowIMustGo
* CelibateHero: Kane
* CharacterDevelopment: Kane has an arc in that he starts off [[MagicIsEvil very close-minded and suspicious of pagan magic]], but through his friendship with N'longa he slowly starts to realize Voodoo magic may have a righteousness of its own in the end.
* ChurchMilitant: Or a milder KnightTemplar, take your pick.
* CollapsingLair: In "The Moon of Skulls", the lost city of Negari is destroyed by an earthquake just after Kane kills the quuen, and Kane is forced to flee through the collapsing city.
* CurbStompBattle: Kane vs. [[spoiler: Sir George]]:
-->With a great advantage in height, weight, strength, and reach, Kane had still other advantages - those of skill and of speed.
* DarkestAfrica: Oft does Kane venture forth into the thick dark jungles where the beasts make their lairs, the primitive tribesmen chant black magic, and naked rulers eat others.
* DarkIsNotEvil: N'longa can be a bit creepy even to a modern reader. He's a good guy because he keeps limits on how to use his significant magical powers, mainly to help others.
* DemonSlaying
* TheDeterminator / AlwaysGetsHisMan: Kane will pursue wrong-doers across all continents to avenge the innocent and defeat villains.
* DevilButNoGod: Kane comes across various kinds of supernatural phenomena in his travels, both good and evil, but never anything that would confirm the existence of his God, and this causes him a great deal of internal turmoil.
* DiamondsInTheBuff: The evil Queen Nakari in ''The Moon Of Skulls'' is naked save for a skirt of ostrich feathers, rich golden bracelets and anklets and a plumed helmet. Which for a modern reader would simply convey a barbarian Queen of the DarkestAfrica, but which was also typical for [[http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-HuqphNzdF2s/TVzRzHC9TDI/AAAAAAAACZ4/0lyKn7KLZKg/s1600/Liliyn+Tashman+Ziegfeld+girl.jpg the attire of cabaret dancers and strippers of the 1930s]], when the story was published. [[InJoke A period reader]] [[PoorMansPorn would understand the titillating allusion]] much better.
* DualWielding: Kane often uses a rapier and a dagger.
* DuelToTheDeath: Kane engages in these often with his human opponents.
* EldritchAbomination: Kane sometimes battles these.
* EloquentInMyNativeTongue: N'longa. When he speaks to Kane through his dreams and in one of the river languages Kane knows, he's impressively well-spoken to the point of delivering a fairly epic DarkIsNotEvil speech at the end of "The Hills of the Dead". However, he sticks to pidgin English when talking to Kane simply because he's proud that he's learned it.
** He also seems to be aware that he spooks Kane out, and makes himself a bit of an UncleTomfoolery to avoid becoming too threatening with his black magic to a Puritan Christian.
* EvilCounterpart: Le Loup, the sadistic French mercenary from "Red Shadows", is of a similar background to Kane himself (hardcore war veterans, expert swordsmen, now wandering the world) and both are likened to wolves.
* FightDracula: Creator/MarvelComics had Kane fight Dracula in a pair of interconnected tales that ran in ''ComicBook/DraculaLives'' and ''[[ComicBook/ConanTheBarbarian Savage Sword of Conan]]''.
* ForGreatJustice: Kane's motivation, although more grim about it than usual for the trope.
** Interestingly, the live-action movie provided some background as to Kane's motivation. In Howard's original stories, however, we are never given any motivation for Kane pursuing the life he does.
* GeniusBruiser: Kane, for he is not only a skilled swordfighter but also crafts cunning plans within his imaginative mind.
* GunsAkimbo: With two snaphaunce (an early form of flintlock) pistols. They're single-shot weapons, so it actually makes sense and was done in real life.
* HarpingOnAboutHarpies: The akaanas from "Wings in the Night".
* HelpingHands: "The Right Hand of Doom"
* HungryJungle: African wilderness. N'longa even says as much:
-->'''N'longa''': “You take care—that one fellow jungle, she pluck your bones yet!"
* IdealHero: The case ''could'' be made that he's one of these instead of a Type 2 AntiHero; the strongest supporting evidence toward this argument lies in the finale of ''The Blue Flame of Vengeance'' where he [[spoiler:tries to talk one of the villains into walking away from the fight and from the evil men he has aligned himself with. When the villain refuses and subesquently dies, Solomon is visibly grieved and exits the story in a somber mood]].
* InHarmsWay
* InnOfNoReturn: "Rattle of Bones"
* ItsProbablyNothing: In "Footfalls Within", the titular footfalls are blithely dismissed as "nothing" by a bunch of slavers, with foreseeable consequences.
* KangarooCourt: The poem "The One Black Stain" deals with the aftermath of the (RealLife) trial and execution of Thomas Doughty by Sir Francis Drake:
-->Solomon Kane stood forth alone,\\
grim man of sober face:\\
"Worthy of death he may well be,\\
but the trial ye held was mockery,\\
"Ye hid your spite in a travesty\\
where justice hid her face."
* KillerGorilla: One features in the climax of "Red Shadows".
* KnightErrant: Kane.
* KnightTemplar: Kane, though much more heroic than most.
* LastOfHisKind: Kane meets the last Atlantian in the Lost city of Negari during ''The Moon of Skulls'', who gives a long account of the rise and fall of his people before dying out for good.
* LetsFightLikeGentlemen: Kane's human opponents often challenge him thusly (for example, Le Loup and Fishhawk). Even without using underhanded tactics, they stand a good chance.
* LoadBearingBoss: Seemingly Nekari in "The Moon of Skulls". An earthquake destroys the hidden city mere minutes after she is killed.
* LogicalWeakness: Kane and N'longa encounter a tribe of zombies (well, they call them vampires, but are closer to the modern definition). They're defeated by N'longa summoning a gigantic wave of vultures, who know dead meat when they see it.
* LostWorld: "The Moon of Skulls"
* MagicalNegro: N'Longa
** Only in the literal sense - N'longa helped Kane so ''he'' could get reclaim his recently usurped position of power in his tribe. He's not so much a saintly, benevolent figure that solely uses his (actual) magic to aid the white Kane as he is a clever man who knows how to play a situation to his advantage.
*** He does come to Kane's aid in later stories simply to provide magical aid that Kane desperately needs to survive certain encounters. Once he even possesses the body of a young warrior from miles away to help Kane fight some vampires.
* ManBitesMan: In "The Children of Asshur." Kane is not above ripping an opponent's throat out with his teeth when necessary.
* MeaningfulName: A deeply religious man and determined killer who bears the names of the man most favored by God and the first murderer.
* MightyWhitey: Subverted in ''Wings in the Night'', when villagers in Africa, impressed by Solomon's guns, beg him to protect them against flying monsters. [[spoiler:Kane is helpless when an overwhelming horde of monsters slaughter the entire population]].
** Subverted again in ''Hills Of The Dead'', when a girl impressed by Kane's [[CurbStompBattle one-shot kill of a charging lion]] deems him a god. With humility fitting a Puritan he answers "I'm no God, just a man like you, though my skin color is different". Despite this, she keeps calling him a god.
** The series as a whole seems to love subverting this trope; Kane's very first adventure sees him coming to an African village and being asked for help by a local wizard - and then [[spoiler: the wizard himself ends up resolving the situation without Kane's help]].
* MissingWhiteWomanSyndrome: Solomon is quite often (''Red Shadows'', ''The Moon of Skulls'', ''The Footfalls Within'', ''The Blue Flame of Vengeance'') laser-focusing on a missing white girl in danger (despite the fact more often than not a lot of other people are also in danger). On his defense, he almost always ends up saving the other people in danger as well.
* MissionFromGod: Kane is a relentless righter of wrongs. The fact that this generally involves killing people doesn't seem to bother him much (if at all).
* MonstrousCannibalism: The flying harpy-like creatures from "Wings in the Night" are alleged to have eaten their own kind when drought depleted their usual prey.
* {{Mundanger}}: The Fishhawk and his men from "Blades of the Brotherhood."
* TheMusketeer: Kane normally discharges both of his pistols before drawing his rapier and dagger.
* NiceHat: Possibly the TropeCodifier for the (now standard) hat worn by [[TheWitchHunter Witch Hunters]].
* OldSoldier: Marylin Taferal, the English girl he saves from slavery in ''The Moon of Skulls'', remembers Kane as a Captain back in the British Isles many years before.
* {{Pirate}}: "Blades of the Brotherhood"
* PowderTrail: Kane uses one to kill the majority of Le Loup's gang in ''Red Shadows''.
* {{Precursors}}: Kane meets the [[LastOfHisKind last Atlantian man]] in Negari's dungeon. He tells Kane of the vast, terrible ocean empire of his people that ruled great swathes of the world in times past and then dies.
* ProtoSuperhero
* RageAgainstTheHeavens: and Hell, and past, and future, and the entire universe, after [[spoiler:the village population he was trying to protect in "Wings in the Night" was brutally slaughtered and eaten by the harpies]], it's the only time where something manages to truly break poor Kane.
** And then he makes amends, [[spoiler:managing to [[PowerBornOfMadness imagine a plan to kill all the harpies]] during his moment of madness.]]
* RealMenLoveJesus: Solomon is a man of deep faith, and possibly the biggest badass on the planet.
* RightMakesMight: Or so Solomon believes.
-->"The right is on my side," said Kane somberly. "And right is mightier than a thousand men-at-arms."
* SilverBullet: Kane uses one in "The Silver Beast of Tonker Town", one of the original stories Creator/MarvelComics ran in ''[[ComicBook/ConanTheBarbarian Savage Sword of Conan]]''.
* SlaveryIsASpecialKindOfEvil: If you keep slaves, Kane ''will end you''. It's the only sort of crime that almost immediately makes Solomon [[BerserkButton lose all cool]] and recklessly throw himself at danger.
* SpeakOfTheDevil: Nearly used in "The Blue Flame of Vengeance", except that Solomon shows up right as the Fishhawk is about to say his name.
* TranquilFury: Most of Kane's duels with a WorthyOpponent are fought in this state, and his unspeaking, righteous stoicism contrasts sharply with human adversaries' snarky attitudes. Averted when his foes are supernatural enough to creep him out, although he shifts to UnstoppableRage if such menaces are harming innocent people.
* TranslationConvention: The stories will occasionally make note of the fact that while we're reading conversations in English, for ease of reading, Solomon is actually speaking to people in their native tongues (this is particularly evident when dealing with the Arab slavers in ''The Footfalls Within'').
* {{Uberwald}}: Solomon's adventures in continental Europe usually take place there.
* VillainousBreakdown: [[spoiler:Nakari]], although we don't really learn about it until after the fact.
* WalkingTheEarth: Kane is stricken with an insatiable wanderlust.
* WeaponOfXSlaying: Kane finds the staff gifted to him by N'Longa to be this type of weapon against supernatural foes.
* WeCanRuleTogether: Nakari makes this sort of offer to Kane, and he actually thinks about it, but then ultimately refuses.
* TheWitchHunter: Kane is a quite unambiguously good case, as his friendship with N'Longa (a pagan magic-user) shows. And he despises actual, official witch hunters.