''Noli Me Tangere'' (translated as ''"Touch Me Not"'') is a novel by Filipino author and national hero Jose Rizal, written in Spanish and published in 1887, which details the situation of the UsefulNotes/{{Philippines}} during the last part of Spanish rule.

Juan Crisostomo Ibarra, the son of a wealthy Creole landlord, has returned to the Spanish-controlled Philippines after seven years of studying in Europe. After realizing not much has changed thanks to TheGovernment and learning that his wealthy father died in jail for being labeled a heretic, he is understandably upset.

Nevertheless, revenge on the person who got his father that fate is not in Ibarra's plans, and all he wants to do is to settle down with his beautiful childhood fiancee Maria Clara and to finance a schoolhouse for the less fortunate with his father's money. Unfortunately, things most definitely do not work out as planned, and a RantInducingSlight at the opening luncheon for the aforementioned school sets in motion a chain of events that will change Ibarra, and subsequently the country, forever.

''Noli Me Tangere'' was wildly controversial and wildly game-changing at the time of its release; it was actually banned in several parts of the country due to its portrayal of priests as [[DirtyOldMan dirty old men]], the church as [[CorruptChurch corrupt]], and the government [[BananaRepublic as just as corrupt]], abusive, and indifferent. Nevertheless, the book managed to unify the Filipino consciousness and indirectly spark the Katipunan revolution, as several of its head honchos were inspired by the thoughts and messages in it. Meanwhile, Rizal himself was imprisoned for his writings containing subversive content, and was later executed at the age of thirty-five. Afterwards, the Rizal Law made studying this novel mandatory for all Philippine schools as part of their study on Filipino literature.

It has a sequel, ''Literature/ElFilibusterismo'', which is set thirteen years later.

Not to be confused with the BoysLove {{Eroge}} of the same name.
!This novel contains the following tropes:

* AllegoricalCharacter: Every character is an allegory of the status of the country.
* AristocratsAreEvil: The Ibarras are the exception.
* AuthorAvatar: Rizal is both Ibarra and Elias.
** San Diego, the town where the story is set, is very much inspired after Calamba, Laguna, the author's hometown.
* AuthorFilibuster: Philosopher Tacio often serves as the mouthpiece of Rizal's beliefs and ideals. Though it never goes into an AuthorTract or become outright {{Anvilicious}}.
* ArrangedMarriage: Maria Clara to [[spoiler: Linares]].
** Originally, Ibarra is Maria Clara's ''fiance'', but Father Damaso meddled with their arrangement and chose Linares instead for Maria Clara.
* BigDamnHeroes: Ibarra, during a fishing trip in the lake, saved the boatman from being devoured by a crocodile. The boatman turns out to be Elias, and he returns the favor by saving Ibarra's life many, many times.
* BilingualBonus: The title is Latin for "Touch me not," from [[Literature/TheFourGospels the Gospel of John]].
* BreakTheCutie: Maria Clara. Sisa, and [[spoiler: Ibarra, who, in ''Literature/ElFilibusterismo'', has become quite the [[SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism cynic]].]]
* ChekhovsGun: Ibarra's letter of farewell to Maria Clara just before he studied abroad 7 years ago is the same letter used to convict him.
* ChekhovsGunman: Various characters. An example would be the boatman Ibarra saves from a crocodile during the lake trip who turns out to be Elias, and the lady whose gown Lieutenant Guevarra steps on in the 1st chapter turns out to be Donya Victorina 42 chapters later.
* CorruptChurch: One of the issues raised by the book. Father Damaso is a bully, while Father Salvi is a CovertPervert secretly harboring lust for Maria Clara.
* CrapsackWorld: At least if you're Filipino.
* DisneyDeath: [[spoiler: Ibarra.]]
* DownerEnding: [[spoiler: Ibarra's on the run, Elias is dead, Maria Clara, who thinks Ibarra is dead, chooses to enter the convent and stay there for the rest of her life.]]
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: Basilio has a dream that [[spoiler: Crispin]] is being beaten by the Sacristan Mayor and Father Salvi.
* FaceHeelTurn: [[spoiler:An apparent FaceHeelTurn is done by Ibarra when he comes back as Simoun in ''Literature/ElFilibusterismo''.]]
* FallenHero: [[spoiler:Crisostomo Ibarra becomes Simoun in ''Literature/ElFilibusterismo''.]]
* GoMadFromTheRevelation: [[spoiler: Sisa, after learning about her son Crispin's fate.]]
* GreenEyedMonster: Ibarra after seeing Maria Clara with Linares. [[spoiler: Also, Padre Salvi towards Ibarra.]]
* TheHeretic: [[spoiler: According to Father Damaso, Don Rafael.]]
* HenpeckedHusband: Don Tiburcio.
* HeroicSacrifice: [[spoiler: Elias.]]
* InferredSurvival: [[spoiler: Ibarra.]]
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Elias is implied to also be in love with Maria Clara. Nevertheless, he lets her and Ibarra be together.
* JadeColoredGlasses
* KarmaHoudini: Everyone who isn't Ibarra, Maria Clara, Elias, Tacio, Sisa or Basilio.
* LawOfInverseFertility: Capitan Tiago and his wife Pia (Maria Clara's mother) badly wanted a child and attended all sorts of rituals and congregations to be able to conceivse, despite being unable to for many years. Subverted, since in the end they do get their daughter and end up with Maria Clara. [[spoiler: Double subverted as it turns out Maria Clara is a child born of rape, and that her real father is Father Damaso (Capitan Tiago was infertile)]].
* LimitedWardrobe: While well-off and can afford a variety of clothes, Captian Tiago's prefers to stick to his standard outfit of a frock coat, khaki trousers, a bowler hat and a cane.
* LukeIAmYourFather: [[spoiler: Father Damaso]] is Maria Clara's real father.
* MarketBasedTitle: The first English translation was called ''The Social Cancer''.
* NoNameGiven: The Governor-General.
** The "Yellow Man" who orchestrated Ibarra's assasination (by [[DroppedABridgeOnHim having the cornerstone of the schoolhouse buiding he was financing fall on him]]) under orders by Father Damaso no less.
* NotQuiteDead: [[spoiler: Ibarra.]]
* ParentalMarriageVeto: [[spoiler: The reason why Father Damaso is so adamant against Ibarra and Maria Clara's {{Arranged Marriage}} is not because he is Maria Clara's godfather, rather, he's her actual ''father''.]]
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: An incredible subversion. Maria Clara and Ibarra are not betrothed at first, but after their parents saw how much they love each other, they decided to have them in an ArrangedMarriage.
* TheQuisling: Donya Victorina, who also doubles as a SmallNameBigEgo.
* RantInducingSlight: After taking all the insults, [[spoiler: Ibarra]] finally snapped at a luncheon resulting in a knife at [[spoiler: Father Damaso's]] throat when the latter began to bad-mouth [[spoiler: Ibarra's father.]]
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: [[spoiler: Elias nearly kills Ibarra for being related to the Spaniard who ruined his entire clan.]] He snaps out of it, however.
* TheOphelia: Sisa, after [[spoiler: Crispin's death]].
* ParentalSubstitute: Since her mother [[DeathByChildbirth died in childbirth]], Maria Clara was raised by her MaidenAunt Tia Isabel.
* ProperLady: Maria Clara is written and promoted as such.
* StarCrossedLovers: Ibarra and Maria Clara.
* SequelHook: [[spoiler: The uncertainty of Ibarra's fate.]] It did.
* TakingTheVeil: [[spoiler:Maria Clara]].
* TheUglyGuysHotDaughter: The beautiful Maria Clara is Capitan Tiago's daughter. [[spoiler: Subverted since it turns out she isn't really his daughter.]]
* VictoriousChildhoodFriend: Ibarra and Maria Clara are[[spoiler: [[UnluckyChildhoodFriend /would have been]]]] this for each other.
* WhereAreTheyNowEpilogue
* WideEyedIdealist: Ibarra. [[spoiler: Until the next book, that is...]]