[[caption-width-right:326:[-Illustration from the original first book [[labelnote:*]]ca. 1933[[/labelnote]]-] ]]
''Koziołek Matołek'', a name which can be translated as "Silly Billy-goat", is a character from a series of Polish children's books, created in 1933 Kornel Makuszyński (story) and Marian Walentynowicz (art). The books are made up of small illustrations with a rhyming four-verse caption under each one, and are often referred to as "the first Polish comic books", though they're better described as PictureBooks.

Adapted into a cartoon series that ran from 1969-1971, and which has [[Animation/DziwnePrzygodyKoziolkaMatolka its own page]].

The main character is an anthropomorphic goat that is on his way to the town of Pacanów, where he would get his hooves shoed. A bumbling, naive character like Literature/WinnieThePooh; his adventures were surreal like a Dali painting and would take him around the world.
!!Tropes featured include:
* AnachronismStew: Matołek encounters brigands straight out of a fairy tale, visits a medieval castle, ends up in feudal China, later travels by plane to Poland and drives a car...
* AuthorAvatar: The fictionalized versions of Kornel Makuszyński and (less often) Marian Walentynowicz have appeared in the books themselves sporadically.
* BindleStick: Often depicted with one, on the count of that he's a wanderer.
* {{Blackface}}: The cannibals in the 2nd and 4th book are depicted in the stereotypical 30's way complete with plain black skin and thick red lips.
* {{Bizarrchitecture}}: In China, Matołek comes across a palace shaped in the form of a giant teapot.
* CapturedByCannibals: In Africa.
* EatingContest: He wins a duel with an Indian chief by turning it into a grass-eating competition.
* TheFaceless: Whenever AuthorAvatar version of Kornel Makuszyński appears in the books he's either seen only from behind or has his face covered by his hand or arm.
* FunnyAnimal: The protagonist himself. Oddly enough, in the first few pictures he is apparently an ordinary goat like the others, and suddenly becomes anthropomorphic once he goes on his quest.
* FurryConfusion: Matołek (and later almost all goats) seems to be the only anthropomorphic animal around (though all animals are sapient, as usual in children's literature). The humans he meets react variously; some treat him as an ordinary person, some call for the butcher immediately upon spotting him, and then there are those who initially treat him as a human but try to make him into a stew once he displeases them.
* HalfDressedCartoonAnimal: Matołek is shirtless.
* IronicName: Despite having a name that means "silly", the protagonist isn't really stupid, and the narrative even frequently notes that he's smart and clever.
* NoExportForYou: To date, the original books have not been translated into English.
* ShaggyDogStory: Sort of. [[spoiler:Matołek arrives at the town of Pacanów, only to learn that, due to the ambiguity of Polish grammar, the town's blacksmiths bear the last name "Goat", but don't actually shoe goats.]]
* WackyWaysideTribe: Especially the first and second book is nothing but a series of these.
* WhiteGloves: The protagonist, being white, wears yellow ones.