''Homage to Catalonia'' is Creator/GeorgeOrwell's account of his experiences in the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar. He describes fighting as a militiaman on the side of the Republicans, as well as the gradual erosion of the Anarchist revolution in Catalonia and the [[DividedWeFall power struggle between various factions on the Republican side]]. It may well be the most famous book about the Spanish Civil War, and is widely praised for its BrutalHonesty.

The entire book can be read for free online [[http://www.george-orwell.org/Homage_to_Catalonia/ here]]. Note that two chapters that were initially published as appendices have been renumbered as chapters in this version.

!!Homage to Catalonia provides examples of:

* AnarchyIsChaos: Averted. Anarchist Catalonia is portrayed largely favourably, and while the situation in Spain is hardly in a condition that an outside observer might qualify as order, Orwell makes it clear that this is due to it being in a state of civil war rather than due to it being in a state of anarchy. The POUM troops may be a RagtagBandOfMisfits but they are also quick to stand up for one another. The opening pages of the book portray what conditions are like in Catalonia away from the trenches and they are anything but chaotic.
* AuthorTract: Orwell loved this trope; this book is no exception.
* BloodFromTheMouth: Unsurprisingly happens to Orwell himself when he's shot in the throat by a sniper.
* ChildSoldiers: The party militias included many underage boys. Orwell notes that they were quite useless as soldiers, since they couldn't stand the sleep deprivation that was inevitable in trench warfare.
* ChronicBackstabbingDisorder: The Communist high command. Their efforts in trying to sabotage the non-Stalinist parties ended up harming the war effort. Orwell was particularly incensed by the fact that they not only outlawed the POUM, they decided not to inform the POUM fighters at the front of this fact. This meant that any POUM members coming back from the front, whether just for rest or to recover from injuries, would unwittingly be walking right into prison, and thus they could never return to the front and continue the fight.
* CommieLand: Catalonia, although its organization was more along anarchist lines.
* EagleSquadron: The many international volunteers, including Orwell himself, who came to Spain to fight for TheRepublic.
* EverybodySmokes: Shortage of cigarettes is often brought up as a major hardship of war. Orwell even refers to it as a 'tobacco famine'.
* FireForgedFriends: Orwell and the POUM members he served with, particularly his commander Georges Kopp.
* GraffitiOfTheResistance: Orwell described doing this himself, writing "Visca P.O.U.M.!" on walls in Barcelona after the P.O.U.M.'s suppression.
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: A downplayed example with the POUM, more in the sense of exaggerating their presence in events rather than in terms of their actual actions though. They were one of the smaller political groupings on the Republican side and the amount of emphasis they receive in history comes mostly from the fact Orwell just so happened to sign up with them rather than with the CNT militias. The other half is of course that later Trotskyists have lionized the POUM in spite of Trotsky's actual criticism of them at the time.
--> '''Paul Preston''': Orwell's Homage to Catalonia is a brilliant and painfully honest book but it is not a "true" book. That is to say, it is not true if it is taken, as it is by most readers, as an overview of the Spanish civil war, when, in reality, it is a narrow and partisan account of one relatively marginal issue within the war.
* HomeByChristmas: A general commanding the Government troops after the fall of Siétamo proclaimed that "Tomorrow we'll have coffee in Huesca." Months of brutal fighting in the city in question disproved the general's proclamation.
* IJustShotMarvinInTheFace: Orwell's comrades weren't exactly big on UsefulNotes/GunSafety - [[TooDumbToLive even after seeing this trope in effect]].
* ImperialStormtrooperMarksmanshipAcademy: Everyone in Spain, according to Orwell. 'In this war, everyone always did miss everyone else, when it was humanly possible.' It saved his life on several occasions.
* LanguageEqualsThought: The leftists refused to use ceremonial forms of address, preferring to simply call each other "thou" or "comrade". In Spanish-as-spoken-in-Spain, there are two forms of the second person: the formal "usted" and the more casual "tú", and the usage of one or the other also affects how verbs are declined and other pronouns are used. The Catalonian anarchists favored usage of the latter as being less class-based.
* OrwellianEditor: The [[BlatantLies horrible distortions of the truth]] which Orwell witnessed in Spain (in particular the idea of the POUM being "Franco's Fifth Column") are the TropeMaker - they inspired the constant rewriting of the past in ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'', which in turn [[TropeNamer named this trope]].
* RagtagBunchOfMisfits: The various party militias on the Republican side. Orwell describes the POUM militia, in which he served, as a particularly {{egregious}} example of this trope - an untrained, scruffy-looking band, partly composed of teenage boys whose enthusiasm was decidedly greater than their common sense.
* RedScare: Inverted-various "Red" factions accused each other of ''not'' being Red enough. Communist propaganda even accused the POUM of plotting with Franco, a "Brown Scare" if you will (specifically mentioned is a [[https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/mrc/explorefurther/digital/scw/more/simpletimeline2/sa12-12-006.jpg political cartoon]] in which a figure representing the POUM pulls a hammer and sickle-marked mask from its face to reveal a monstrous visage adorned with a swastika).
* TheRepublic: ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin.
* TheRevolutionWillNotBeVilified: Propaganda was common on all sides, something Orwell is careful to note.
** Orwell also loved the Spanish revolution and thought its end was a bad thing.
* UrbanWarfare: Happened in Barcelona, between the Anarchists on one side and Communists on the other.
* WarIsHell: {{Played with}}. The chapters about the trench warfare on the Aragon front don't fit this trope, but not WarIsGlorious, either; rather, Orwell describes it as boring and stale. He repeatedly emphasizes that there was hardly any action, and that everyone was more concerned about food and firewood than about the enemy. What close-quarters fighting he did see he describes as harrowing.
* WasItAllALie: After the betrayal by the Stalinists.
* WeAreStrugglingTogether: Communists, Anarchists and Socialists. None of them trusted the others (there was even rivalry between different Communist factions), but they all were against the Fascists. Orwell notes that the closer one got to the front, the better the camaraderie between the different groups.
* WideEyedIdealist: The Republicans, especially the international volunteers. Orwell himself averts this trope.
* WitchHunt: What the [[TheManBehindTheMan Soviet-backed]] Communists unleashed against the POUM.