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[[caption-width-right:170: 3....2....1.....FIRE!]]

''From the Earth to the Moon'' (French: ''De la Terre à la Lune'') is a novel published in 1865, written by Creator/JulesVerne about making a travel [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin from the earth to the moon]].

Some time after the UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar, members of a certain social club in Usefulnotes/{{Baltimore}}, called The Gun Club (because it consists largely of [[JustifiedTrope Civil War artillery officers and various defense industrialists]]) starts wondering what can they do in these times of peace — during the war they entertained themselves building guns that kept going bigger and bigger, but that's an expensive hobby in a peacetime.

The club members propose various wacky schemes [[WhatTheHellHero up to starting a new war]], until one of them suggest doing something that sounds impossible: shooting a giant bullet towards the moon, for no reason other than to show they can do it. Things only get more interesting when an eccentric Frenchman, Michel Ardan, asks them to shoot a hollow projectile where he can travel to the moon.

The book is known for [[ShownTheirWork showing off Verne’s investigation]]; even though ScienceMarchesOn and some things he stipulated are now known to be incorrect, he still guessed a lot of facts right. It’s even more important if you consider that, when the book was written, there was almost nothing to investigate, since nobody knew anything about space travel or the characteristics of the moon.

Five years later, Verne wrote a follow up, ''Around the Moon'' (French: ''Autour de la Lune''), about the situations that Ardan and his two companions on the projectile, Barbicane and Nicholl, have to deal with while on their way to the moon and back. As a curious fact, the book finished in his serialized form in 1869; exactly a hundred years later, man would land on the moon.

There was also a third novel, ''The Purchase of the North Pole'' (French: ''Sans dessus dessous''). This one doesn’t deal with the moon at all and only has the characters in common; the plot is about the Gun Club’s attempt to destabilize the Earth’s orbit in order to exploit the wealth of the North Pole, [[WhatTheHellHero completely disregarding the well-being of the rest of the inhabitants of the Earth]]. That's because it was written in the Verne's later, [[HumansAreBastards more misanthropic period]], and is largely a satire at the rampant commercialization of the world.

''From the Earth to the Moon'' was loosely adapted into the GeorgesMelies [[SilentFilms silent film]] ''Film/ATripToTheMoon'' (1903), which is regarded today as a milestone in the development of EarlyFilms.

!!The book has the following tropes:

* ArtisticLicensePhysics: The astronauts get to the moon by being shot out of a 900 foot long cannon. In order to reach sufficient velocity to reach the Moon while traveling the length of the cannon, the ship would have to accelerate at 22,000 gravities, which would squash the astronauts inside it flat no matter what precautions were taken.
* BatmanCanBreatheInSpace: Michael Ardan is asked whether it is not foolish, since there is little or no air on the Moon? "Then I will only breathe on special occasions!" he quips.
* {{BFG}}: The cannon used to launch the projectile. It has a caliber approaching three meters.
* BoldExplorer: Michael Ardan, who persuades the Gun Club to build a hollow shell that can carry him (and some others) to the moon.
* {{Determinator}}: The American people. More precisely, the members of the Gun Club.
* Defictionalization: ''Not'' Apollo 11. In the books they only orbited, which was done by Apollo 8, and the free-return trajectory followed by the projectile is most similar to the path of Apollo 13.
* DuelToTheDeath: Nicholl challenges Barbicane to a duel with rifles. [[spoiler:Both were late, though, for different reasons]]
* {{Eagleland}}: A Type III, the United States are portrayed as a bunch of TriggerHappy, hard-working {{Determinator}}s.
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: ''From the Earth to the Moon'' is about making a gun big enough to shoot a bullet from the earth to the moon. ''Around the Moon'' is about the voyage of the three astronauts[[note]]or, in modern [[PoliticalCorrectnessGoneMad politically correct parlance]], two astronauts and one spationaut[[/note]] around the moon.
* FrictionlessReentry: Explicitly stated in ''From the Earth to the Moon'': the characters doing the trajectory calculations state that atmospheric friction can be ignored because the shell will traverse the atmosphere in less than five seconds.
* GunNut: The Gun Club. For them, a true gun started from a cannon ''upwards''.
--> '''J. T. Maston''' (upon hearing the Moon Gun should be a reasonable 225ft long): ''"Ridiculous! As well take a pistol." ''
* HookHand: J. T. Maston, due to him being a Civil War veteran. [[WordOfGod The given explanation]] is he lost the hand and got a horrible head wound (which he covers with a guttapercha skullcap) when [[HoistByHisOwnPetard a giant mortar he designed exploded at first shot]] killing 375 men an disabling even more.
** All but one member of the gun club are missing a limb or two. They work with explosives all the time, pre-TNT and pre-computers.
* HumanAliens[=/=]RubberForeheadAliens: The astronauts talk about how the moonmen they expect to find are and if they, in fact, exist. [[spoiler:It’s not exactly a spoiler to say they find none]].
* HumanCannonball: Well, they at least use a vehicle here. Nevermind that the G-forces should have crushed them.
* InterplanetaryVoyage
* LabPet: A 19th century inversion: in order to test whether the rocket's living compartment is secure, several animals are put inside including a cat and a pet squirrel belonging to one of the Gun Club. A week later, the compartment is opened, but the squirrel has evidently been eaten by the cat. The distraught owner wants to put its name on a monument as a martyr ForScience.
* LargeHam: Michel Ardan and J. T. Maston.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Captain Nicholl, as Ardan and Maston find out the day of the duel.
* [[TheMountainsOfIllinois The Mountains of Florida]]: Verne gets full marks for locating the launch site, he loses half of it for digging the gun into a hill much taller than the highest spot in the state.
* NationalAnthem: "Yankee Doodle" serves as one here, since at the time, the United States didn't have an official national anthem.
* NobodyPoops: The inside of the shell is about 2.5 meters in diameter or roughly the size of a minivan's interior, it holds 3 men and a significant quantity of luggage stowed in wall-mounted wooden cabinets for a few days. Neither the book, nor 1865 illustrations have any hint of any toilet facilities. Being the Victorian Age, nobody even asks questions.
* {{Omnibus}}: Nowadays, the first two books are issued as one.
* PatrioticFervor: Again, the American people.
* PetTheDog: Captain Nicholl, who [[spoiler:misses his duel with Barbicane since he stopped on the way to save a small bird who has got stuck in a tarantula's net.]]
* SequelHook: ''From the Earth to the Moon'' ends with some uncertainty as to the fate of the astronauts, which is resolved in the sequel.
* SceneryPorn: ''Around the Moon'' contains loving, highly-detailed descriptions of the Moonscape the astronauts are passing over. Unfortunately, [[ScienceMarchesOn virtually every word of it is wrong]].
* ScienceFantasy
* ScienceMarchesOn: Some of the facts are wrong, but you can’t blame Verne for not knowing something that nobody else knew. ''Around the Moon'' in particular suffers from this, considering the book is mostly about three people discussing the moon and the space around them.
* ShownTheirWork: Verne went to great lenghs to specify solid numbers to support the characters’ plan. There are also things that he predicted correctly, like the location the astronauts would launch from, the number of astronauts and, within a range of error, where they would land.
** There was one inaccuracy though: Verne assumed the price of aluminium in 1865 conditions to be $9 per pound ($19.8 per kg), which would have made the projectile the most expensive part of the entire project. In practice, aluminium in 1859-1865 conditions was worth more than $40 per kg (and this was a great step forward from the 1850-1855 level of technology, which made aluminium ''more expensive than gold''). At that particular step in time, there had been a wave of pro-aluminium enthusiasm in the French upper circles, it has been seen as the metal of the future and Emperor Napoleon III himself hoped the French Army could be equipped with lightweight armor made from it.
*** And then just 20 years later the electrolytic Hall–Héroult process was invented, which radically dropped the prices and made the aluminum to cost basically only about the price of electricity it is made with — today the cost of energy is ~40-50% of the overall cost of the primary aluminum, the ore extraction, purification, delivery and the end metal distribution taking the other half. So it's more the case of the [[TechMarchesOn Tech Not Marching On]] ''fast enough''.
* SoftWater: A key element of both the return to Earth and testing the shell's shock-absorbing system is the fact that falling into deep water completely eliminates the force of impact. Oops.
* SpaceIsCold: Specifically, -140C, as measured by sticking an alcohol thermometer outside the projectile for a few hours. One of the more realistic depictions, as cooling isn't instant, and is only an issue when the astronauts are out of direct sunlight for a while.
* TheComplainerIsAlwaysWrong: The only person in the entire United States of America who ''doesn't'' think it's a good idea to spend millions of dollars so they can shoot the moon is shown to have had a previous grudge against the president of the Gun Club, and is only protesting because of said grudge. And then they reconcile and he decides to go along with the plan anyway, going so far as to ''go to the moon with them''.
** Also, the only country that is asked to give money for this venture and doesn't is Britain, who claims it's because they believe it's not going to work, "But this was nothing more than mere English jealousy."
* TriggerHappy: Most of the Gun Club, but J. T. Maston deserves a special mention.
* WackyAmericansHaveWackyNames: Impey Barbicane.
* WhatTheHellHero: Maston was more than willing to start a war with France because they laughed at an American and another war with Mexico only to acquire land for the launching, nevermind the fact that they [[UsefulNotes/{{Florida}} already had land below the latitude required]]. In ''The Purchase of the North Pole'', the Gun Club didn’t seem to mind that tilting the axis of the Earth would provoke floods in other parts of the world.
* WriteWhoYouKnow: Michel Ardan is based on a Verne's close friend Gaspard-Félix Tournachon, a famous photographer, journalist and aeronautics enthusiast, better known as [[SignificantAnagram Nadar]].
** Ironically, in the sequel Ardan mentions Nadar as a model that the moonmen may have had a copy of.

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