[[quoteright:170:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/emma_austen_3403.jpg]]
->"''With insufferable vanity had she believed herself in the secret of every body's feelings; with unpardonable arrogance [[FanPreferredCouple proposed to arrange every body's destiny]]. She was proved to have been [[ShipSinking universally mistaken]]; and she had not quite done nothing for she had done [[{{Shipping}} mischief]].''"

Written in 1815, ''Emma'' is a novel that takes a slightly different take on Creator/JaneAusten's typical novel of manners: instead of a plucky but poor heroine who must face off with a RichBitch, the heroine herself is the RichBitch.

[[Characters/{{Emma}} Emma Woodhouse]], who has been spoiled ever since she was a small child, had always had a penchant for ordering the world as she sees fit. So when she meets the [[GoodIsDumb sweet and pretty but slightly slow]] young Harriet, she decides that she will set her up with a husband worthy of her feminine charms. HilarityEnsues, with {{zany scheme}}s, terrible misunderstandings, gossip gone awry and, of course, since this is a Jane Austen novel, Emma needs to sort out her love life before it's too late.

Notably adapted as the film ''Film/{{Clueless}}'' and, in the current trend of LiteraryMashUps, as ''[[http://www.amazon.com/Emma-Werewolves-Austens-Blood-curdling-Lycanthropy/dp/1926712099 Emma and the Werewolves]]''. There are also several straight [[Film/{{Emma}} adaptations]] worth watching. A musical with songs by Paul Gordon was also produced in the last 2000s. Marvel Illustrated produced a ComicBookAdaptation in 2011, script by Nancy Butler, art and covers by Janet Lee (Return of the Dapper Men). It is also receiving a VlogSeries Update in ''WebVideo/EmmaApproved''.

Not to be confused with the manga ''VictorianRomanceEmma''.
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!!These tropes find their match in the novel:
* AnAesop: {{Shipping}} is evil; [[SomeAnvilsNeedToBeDropped don't do it]].
* AlliterativeName: Mrs Elton's sister, Selina Suckling.
* AlwaysSomeoneBetter: Jane, to Emma. Emma is an accomplished young lady, but she could have achieved much more had she been more diligent in her reading, painting or playing the piano and singing. Jane Fairfax knows she's destined to be a governess, so she's more hard-working. Her performance in music is extraordinary.
* BelligerentSexualTension: [[spoiler:Mr Knightley and Emma. Emma loves crossing swords with Mr Knightley, though she honours his opinions and it pains her when he gets angry to the point of not wanting to speak with her.]]
* BigFancyHouse:
** Donwell Abbey is Mr Knightley's family estate. It's very old, traditional, with gardens and orchards, a lime avenue, with farms and tenants renting the land. The house itself is huge and some of the rooms are furnished exquisitely.
** Hartfield, a house which belongs to the Woodhouses. It's smaller than Donwell, but it has a nice park, a farm attached to it, and it's modern and elegant, decorated and furnished with Emma's taste.
* BreakTheHaughty: Happens to Emma. She is a very endearing character -- open, sweet, generous, witty, energetic, a loyal friend and a devoted daughter; she is also what by modern standards might fairly be called a snob. Mr Knightley guides her and calls her on her bad behaviour sometimes.
* BreakupBonfire: After showing them to Emma, Harriet Smith throws her (pretty pathetic) mementos of Mr Elton into a fire.
* BumblingDad: Emma's father. Mostly because he's a very old gentleman, though it's implied he has always been domestic. His wife was much stronger and more reasonable figure.
* CassandraTruth: Miss Bates has a tendency to provide valuable insight into what characters in the story are thinking, but most people don't care or notice because she [[MotorMouth rambles on and on and on]]. [[WallsOfText Even the readers usually ignore what she says]].
* ChildhoodFriendRomance: [[spoiler:Emma and Mr. Knightley. They have known each other Emma's entire life.]]
* DeadpanSnarker: Mr Knightley, his brother John and Emma.
* DesperatelyLookingForAPurposeInLife: Emma takes care of her father and is the mistress of Hartfield, but ... And this purpose becomes shipping, among other things.
* [[spoiler:DoubleInLawMarriage: Sisters Isabella and Emma Woodhouse to brothers John and George Knightley.]]
* DotingParent:
** Mr Woodhouse adores his daughters, and is vastly troubled by the idea that anyone would think Emma less than perfect.
** Mrs Weston (formerly Miss Taylor) is Emma's childhood governess, and not much less inclined than Mr Woodhouse to think her anything but flawless
** Isabella is shown to be a doting mother to her five children.
** Miss Bates is a doting aunt to Jane Fairfax, always praising her and admiring her. She supposes her Jane is a favorite with everybody..
* ElegantClassicalMusician: Both Emma and Jane Fairfax play the piano and people find it attractive. It helps that they are also great beauties.
** Emma is very talented, but she never bothered to practice regularly as a child. She's still more than just a decent pianist and she plays and sings very well, but whenever Jane visits her relatives in Highbury, Emma is vexed that she's no longer the best musician.
** Jane Fairfax was brought up in London and had lessons with the best masters, reaching her top performance. Everybody admires her dedication to music and everybody urges her to play for them.
* EmpathicEnvironment: The weather sometimes matches Emma's moods. It's especially obvious near the climax of the novel when the storm corresponds to Emma's emotional crisis.
* GenerationXerox: In personality, at least, the narrative indicates that Isabella is exactly like the girls' father and Emma is just like their mother. (No hint is given as to how much of a physical resemblance there is.)
* TheGhost: We read a lot about a few characters we never get to meet, most particularly Frank's aunt and uncle and Mrs Elton's sister and brother-in-law.
* GoldDigger: Mr Elton. He wanted to marry well and knew he could, being a man with a respectable position and good income as a parson.
* GratuitousForeignLanguage: Mrs Elton, who uses what was then a tired old Italian catchphrase to refer to her husband. She even gets the phrase wrong, showing her to be not just small-minded and behind the times but also badly educated. Though the mispronunciation of the Italian phrase may be a mistake on the publisher's part rather than the character's. The argument is that Mr Elton would have corrected his wife at the first opportunity after her misusing the phrase and that she would have been too embarrassed to use the correct pronunciation.
* GreenEyedEpiphany: Spurs Emma's LoveEpiphany.
* GreenEyedMonster:
** When Emma actually attempts to be friendly to Jane Fairfax, she finds herself soundly rebuffed, and honestly doesn't know why. It turns out that [[spoiler:Jane, who was secretly engaged to Frank Churchill all along, was deeply jealous of the attention he was paying to Emma as part of the cover-up.]] Jane later acknowledges that she was unreasonable about it, given that Emma had no idea.
** [[spoiler:Mr Knightley takes a severe dislike to Frank Churchill for similar reasons.]]
** [[spoiler:When Harriet confides to Emma that she is in love with Mr Knightley, it causes Emma to realise her own feelings for him.]]
* HaveAGayOldTime:
** Sure, every Creator/JaneAusten novel has characters engaging in "intercourse" but the scene everyone remembers is Mr Elton "making violent love" to Emma in a carriage.
** Emma is impressed with the Knightley brothers: "Those brothers had penetration". She means they are extremely perceptive, but...
* HypocriticalHumor: Mrs Elton says she much prefers old-fashioned politeness to "modern ease", even though her own manners go far beyond ease and well into over-familiarity.
* IHaveThisFriend: Mr Elton shows Emma a poem that he claims a friend of his wrote for a girl ''he'' was in love with. Emma isn't fooled (at least not about who really wrote it, although she is wrong about who it was written ''for'').
* IllGirl: Jane Fairfax's health is not robust. WordOfGod says [[spoiler:that she died of [[IncurableCoughOfDeath tuberculosis]] a few years after the end of the book.]]
* ILoveYouBecauseICantControlYou: [[spoiler:Emma towards Mr Knightley]]
* IronicName: ''Frank'' Churchill. This guy is nothing but frank, honest and sincere with everybody.
* JerkassHasAPoint: Mr. Elton is a GoldDigger, an egotist and everything bad ''but'' he's right, Emma did lead him on. Unintentionally yes but her willful blindness just makes it worse.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold:
** For all her faults, Emma has more than once shown kindness and sympathy to people under her on the social tree, as well as feeling guilty for her mistreatment of Miss Bates. The biggest proof is her routine visits with the poor, giving not just food/money but time and attention to them, trying to entertain the children, etc. She also deserves credit for being so patient and considerate to her father. He's a good person, but he can, inadvertently, be very trying.
** John Knightley can be snarky and short-tempered with Mr Woodhouse, but, well, Mr Woodhouse IS annoying and John's very obvious love for his family (and his big-brotherly care of Emma) makes up for a lot.
* LastNameBasis: Everyone, pretty much, but particularly Mr Knightley to Emma [[spoiler:she even says that after they get married, she won't ever be able to call him anything but Mr Knightley.]]
* LikeBrotherAndSister: [[spoiler:Emma says that she and Mr Knightley are ''not'' close enough to being brother and sister to make it improper for them to dance, and he agrees wholeheartedly. His heartache over Emma's suggestion can be easily perceived.]]
* LoveDodecahedron: Emma ships Harriet and Mr Elton, even though Mr Elton wants her and there is mutual attraction between Harriet and Robert Martin. Mr Elton ends up marrying Augusta Hawkins. Emma finds herself attracted to Frank Churchill, [[spoiler: even though he is secretly engaged to Jane Fairfax]], and she is [[spoiler:totally [[ObliviousToLove oblivious of the fact that Mr. Knightley is in love with her]] but painfully aware that Harriet is in love with Mr Knightley, despite earlier thinking Harriet was in love with Frank Churchill.]] Mrs Weston, Mr Cole and others also suspect something between Mr Knightley and Jane Fairfax, while Emma suspects something between Jane Fairfax and her foster sister's current husband, Mr Dixon. Nothing gets a Love Dodecahedron going like the out-of-control imaginations of matchmakers.
* LoveEpiphany: Emma has one as the trigger of her quest to become a better person.
* LoveLetterLunacy: Love ''riddle'' lunacy.
* LoveYouAndEverybody: Not romantically, but Mr Weston has so many "close friends" that being his "close friend" doesn't seem to mean much, as Emma realises with some annoyance.
* [[ManipulativeBastard Manipulative Bitch]]: Emma. Seriously, derailing a relationship by filling the poor girl's head with distractions because she doesn't like the man? Because he isn't genteel enough for Miss Woodhouse?
* MassiveNumberedSiblings: John and Isabella's five children. And the couple is still very young, so they might have more.
* TheMatchmaker:
** Emma, obviously, though her only known success story is the Westons.
** Mrs Weston also tries her hand with no more success.
* MatchmakerCrush: The result of Emma's matchmaking of Mr Elton and Harriet is Mr Elton falling for Emma. He was more after her money and position than her as a person, though she's very intelligent and very beautiful.
* MeaningfulLook:
** During the dinner party at the Coles, Frank Churchill casts a long look at Miss Fairfax. When Emma notices, he says Miss Fairfax has a strange hairdo and that he couldn't help himself and had to stare. [[spoiler:However, it was a loving and longing look. They are secretly engaged.]]
** Mr Knightley noticed significant glances which Frank Churchill directed at Miss Fairfax while he dined with them and Emma was not present. He thought the looks were inappropriate because Frank Churchill seemed to court Emma. [[spoiler:Mr Knightley is the only one who correctly suspected that Franck Churchill and Jane Fairfax share a relationship.]]
* MeaningfulName:
** Well, he's not called Mr. [[KnightInShiningArmor Knight]]ley for nothing.
** The name Woodhouse suggests that the family is very wealthy.
** Everything is done well in Donwell Abbey.
** Hartfield is a place where affairs of the heart are being formed.
** Jane Fairfax is a Jane with a fair face.
* MissingMom: Mrs Woodhouse died when Emma was very little. Luckily, Emma and Isabella had a wonderful mother figure in their governess, Miss Taylor.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: Emma, close to the end of the book, realises she was basically wrong about everything and other people had paid for it (see page quote). Moreover, her GreenEyedEpiphany is stimulated by a girl whom ''she'' has encouraged in the first place, making this a [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone "Oh God! that I had never seen her"]] case.
* MysteryLiterature: Several readers, including BBC producer Sue Birtwistle and mystery novelist P D James, have argued that ''Emma'' is one of the first of these to exist, given the way Austen plants clues about relationships and plot resolution all throughout.
* NoAntagonist
* NoHuggingNoKissing: [[spoiler:The hottest scene in the book occurs when Mr Knightley ''almost'' kisses Emma's hand.]]
* NonIdleRich:
** Surprisingly, Emma. We are not three chapters into the story until we are told that she assists the poor, has managed her BigFancyHouse ([[ChildProdigy since she was twelve]]), supports her hypochondriac father and sends provisions and pays visits to her less well-off neighbours.
** Mr Knightley fits the trope perfectly. He's a magistrate and takes care of legal issues of the parish, he manages his estate exceptionally well and is extremely respected by everybody.
* ObliviousToLove: [[spoiler:Emma is oblivious to Mr Knightley's feelings for her and her own feelings for him until (she believes) it might be too late.]]
* OddFriendship: Emma and Harriet.
* OnlySaneMan:
** Mr Knightley. He's a sharp observer and can analyse the relationships most accurately.
** Mrs Weston is very intelligent, useful and gentle, and she sees things as a reasonable woman. However, she's sometimes blinded by her affection to Emma or Frank.
* PersonAsVerb: Jane Fairfax-ing. Mrs Elton thinks she's the only person who can judge Miss Fairfax's talents properly, and protect her and assist her. Mrs Elton's constantly repeating her name and the vulgarity of the situation disgust Emma so that she imagines this to be person-ing:
--> '''Emma:''': 'Jane Fairfax and Jane Fairfax.' Heavens! Let me not suppose that she dares go about, Emma Woodhouse-ing me!
* PicnicEpisode: Or more like Picnic Chapters:
** The strawberry picking party at Donwell.
** The summer trip to explore Box Hill. The day is too hot and Emma is at her worst when she carelessly insults Miss Bates.
* PlayingCyrano:
** Emma. She writes a reply to Robert Martin's letter for Harriet.
** It's implied that Mr Knightley is trying to do the same for Robert Martin.
* PlayingSick:
** Many characters presume that Frank's aunt is doing this to keep him at home as much as possible. Of course, then [[spoiler:she dies...]]
** Emma's father. It's hinted that the majority of the neighbourhood thinks he's a hypochondriac, but he's so kind-hearted and generous that they humour him. WordOfGod says that [[spoiler:he died two years after Emma married Mr Knightley]].
* PoorCommunicationKills:
** Especially in the riddle poem fiasco. Had the writer indicated clearly for whom and by whom it was written, much embarrassment could have been avoided.
** Emma misunderstands Harriet's feelings when she talks about the man she is in love with (see RescueRomance).
* RescueRomance: Emma believes Harriet has fallen for Frank Churchill after he had rescued her from the gypsies, but instead she falls for [[spoiler:''Mr Knightley'' after ''he'' "rescues" her by asking her to dance when she is snubbed by Mr Elton.]]
* RichBitch:
** The main character, sort of; some actresses play her as being as much, or more, of a SpoiledSweet type (see the JerkWithAHeartOfGold entry above). She's still a very good person and uses her wealth and power reasonably.
** Mrs Elton, who ratchets the trope right UpToEleven. She constantly boasts with her gowns, house, carriage, wealthy relatives and so on.
%% * RichIdiotWithNoDayJob
* SecretRelationship: [[spoiler:Frank Churchill and Jane Fairfax are engaged the entire time, and nobody knows about it until his aunt dies.]]
* SeriousBusiness: Matchmaking is serious business. [[DieForOurShip But you should know this already.]]
* SheepInSheepsClothing: [[spoiler: Jane Fairfax]], who is nothing more than a ShrinkingViolet dealing with her lack of resources and her issues with ParentalAbandonment. Untill she meets a SpoiledSweet friend... who becomes more than a friend... but she can't say it because his family isn't supportive... and he must cover it up so that no one can ever guess it. Oh, wait, another SpoiledSweet girl who isn't interested in him too deeply and resents Jane for being the person everyone wants her to be : great and harmless cover, right ? Untill he [[TookALevelInJerkass starts being]] ''[[BecomingTheMask too]]'' [[CasanovaWannabe flirty]], [[KickTheDog using]] ''[[JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope mean]]'' [[EtTuBrute leads]] and Jane, instead of going ClingyJealousGirl and snaping... [[IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy elegantly steps back]] [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome and politely asks him]] [[BewareTheNiceOnes to give her every artefact of their romance back so she can burn it and move on]].
* ShipperOnDeck:
** Emma -- first for Captain Weston and Miss Taylor, then for Harriet and Mr Elton, then for Harriet and Frank. Only the first one works out.
** People in town ship Mr Knightley and Jane Fairfax. Mrs Weston mentioned it first, and Mr Knightley, very much annoyed, heard the gossip from Mr Cole.
* TrademarkFavoriteFood: Mr Woodhouse is really fond of gruel, and his daughter Isabella as well. He recommends it to everyone and it's his ComfortFood.
* TwoFirstNames: Anyone in the Martin family: Robert Martin and Elizabeth Martin.
* WallsOfText: A lot of Miss Bates' dialogue. What is interesting is that her gossip is harmless and often provides valuable insight.
* WhatBeautifulEyes:
** Harriet's blue ones. Emma finds them particularly intriguing.
** Mrs Weston gushed about Emma's loveliness and her sparkling bright hazel eyes.
** Jane Fairfax's deep grey eyes with dark eyelashes are acknowledged as very beautiful.
* WhatTheHellHero: Mr Knightley to Emma, especially after her manipulation of Harriet and her rudeness to Miss Bates.
* WrongGenreSavvy: Subtly done with Emma. She encourages Harriet in her reading of ''The Romance of the Forest'', a Gothic novel by Ann Radcliffe which stars a girl of obscure origins who is ultimately revealed to be Nobly Born. Emma clearly thinks Harriet belongs in a similar story, when in actuality [[spoiler:Harriet is the bastard of a tradesman, who leaves her quite comfortably off economically but does nothing to raise her social status]].
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