''El Filibusterismo'' is the sequel to Jose Rizal's ''Literature/NoliMeTangere''. Thirteen years after Crisostomo Ibarra's apparent death, a mysterious man named Simoun appears, quickly gaining favor with the Spanish rulers and high society of 19th century Manila. Called ''Cardinal Moreno'' (Dark Cardinal), he was the informal adviser to the colony's Captain-General and tours the islands apparently as a jewel merchant. Basilio, the young boy from the previous book, is now a medical student at the college of Ateneo, and he gets drawn into a web of lies and deceit.

Like its predecessor, it is considered an important part of Filipino literature.

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!This novel contains the following tropes:

* AllegoricalCharacter: the same pattern from the prequel.
* AttemptedRape: [[spoiler: Done on Juli by Father Camorra. She prevents it by [[DrivenToSuicide jumping off the church balcony]].]]
* AuthorFilibuster: Several conversations in the book fall heavily into this. Two memorable examples are Isagani's conversation with the lawyer, Mr. Pasta, and a dinner that the students have later in the story to 'celebrate' the halt of their planned Spanish school.
* AuthorTract
* BadassBeard: Simoun has one.
* BannedInChina: Obviously banned in the occupied Philippines.
** Subverted in the current times, as the book and its prequel are required reading for high school students, and a course about the author's life and works is a prerequisite in college.
* BatmanGambit: Nearly everything Simoun does.
* BestServedCold: Simoun's revenge.
* BettyAndVeronica: Isagani and Juanito are this to Paulita. [[spoiler: Juanito wins.]]
* BilingualBonus: The title itself is Spanish for "The Filibuster." Which aptly describes the nature of this novel.
* BitchInSheepsClothing: Paulita Gomez, Isagani's sweetheart, is a stunningly beautiful orphan with immense riches, is intelligent, witty, and has a fondness for art. [[spoiler: [[RichBitch And then she dumps Isagani because his being put in prison stripped him of his "appeal" and goes of to marry Juanito]].]]
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler: Simoun dies, but not before atoning for his sins.]]
* BladeOnAStick: Old Man Selo. [[spoiler: Especially after his granddaughter's death.]]
* BolivianArmyEnding: Basilio. [[spoiler: It is unknown what happens to him after the wedding of Juanito and Paulita.]]
* BookEnds: [[spoiler: Father Florentino appears in the Bapor Tabo story arc (first three chapters) and in the final chapter (where his house is visited by Simoun and throws the jeweler's chest into the sea).]]
* BreakTheCutie: Juli, Basilio's girlfriend, [[spoiler: is nearly raped (by the parish priest) and commits suicide.]] Basilio himself is too, after suffering setback after setback.
* ChekhovsGun: Remember when Maria Clara gave her necklace to the leper in the first book? [[spoiler: One of the earlier chapters in this book reveal that the leper gave it to Basilio as thanks for treating his illness. Basilio then gave this to Juli as a present. Later on, her father, Cabesang Tales, uses this same necklace to pay Simoun for the revolver he took from him for his RoaringRampageOfRevenge.]]
* ContinuityNod: See Chekhov's Gun above.
* CorruptChurch
** Although the book does go out of its way to show more sympathetic clergymen like the Jesuits [[spoiler:and Father Florentino]]. This was because Rizal was rather fond of his Jesuit teachers in real life.
* DarkerAndEdgier: Than its prequel.
* DeanBitterman: Father Hernando de la Sibyla, the Dominican curate of the town of Binondo in Noli, becomes the vice-rector of the University of Santo Tomas in the sequel. He then proceeds to make life hell for the students.
* DirtyOldWoman: Dona Victorina [[spoiler: whose husband ran away from her and successfully evaded her for thirteen years]], becomes the caretaker of Paulita Gomez, and is heavily implied to [[MrsRobinson have the hots for Paulita's suitor]], Juanito Pelaez.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler: Juli]]
** [[spoiler: Also Simoun, after his revolutionary plot is discovered by the ''Guardia Civil''.]]
* DyingAlone: [[spoiler: Maria Clara]]
* {{Expy}}: Father Camorra of Tiani is very similar in personality to Father Damaso [[spoiler:who died at the end of the first book.]]
* FlatCharacter: Juli, as a picture of the "ideal Filipino woman."
* TheGayNineties: ''El Filibusterismo'' is most likely to be set in this decade [[spoiler: because the abolition of the tobacco monopoly in the early 1880s is mentioned in Chapter 1 of ''Literature/NoliMeTangere''.]]
* GoMadFromTheRevelation: [[spoiler: It's implied Juli's brother goes insane after learning that the man he killed was his father and the man his comrades shot down was his grandfather.]]
* GoodShepherd: [[spoiler: Father Florentino]]
* ForDoomTheBellTolls: Played with: the bells were not exactly tolling in very scene, but Simoun [[{{Foreshadowing}} recalls hearing bells earlier]] in the day of his first attempt at rebellion. Understanding the context leads him into...
* HeroicBSOD: Simoun has one after [[spoiler: he finds out that Maria Clara has died]] earlier that day. He only learned it from Basilio himself when he visited him that night.
* IllGirl: Maria Clara.
* IntrepidReporter: Ben Zayb.
* ItsPersonal: [[spoiler: Basilio, embittered about Juli's attempted rape and suicide, eventually joins Simoun's uprising.]]
** This is also what drives Cabesang Tales and his father to join the outlaws.
* JadeColoredGlasses: Simoun's. [[CompletelyMissingThePoint They're blue!]]
* {{Jerkass}}: Father Camorra.
* KarmaHoudini: Camorra's rape of Juli is hushed up and he's trasferred to another parish.
* KillEmAll: [[spoiler: Subverted. The bomb never detonates.]]
* LateArrivalSpoiler: Pretty much every Filipino knows that [[spoiler:Simoun is Crisostomo Ibarra.]]
* MarketBasedTitle: The English translation was titled ''The Reign of Greed''.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: When Basilio sees Isagani watching his beloved Paulita from a window at Capitan Tiago's house, he warns him to go away lest he be killed by an explosion (as part of Simoun's BatmanGambit). Because of this, Isagani is horrified by at the thought of seeing his beloved die right before his eyes that he came inside the house to take away the lamp and throw it into the water, [[spoiler: [[SpannerInTheWorks thereby foiling Simoun's plan]].]]
* TheOjou: Paulita.
** [[spoiler:RichBitch]]
* PedophilePriest: Father Camorra.
* ThePhilosopher: Arguably, Sandoval.
* PutOnABus: We hear no more of Juli's brother Tano when the civil guard marches him off to wherever. [[spoiler: Until his grandfather dies.]]
* RapeAsDrama: [[spoiler: Juli]]
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: [[spoiler: Simoun]]
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: Cabesang Tales wrecks this on those who took over his farm. [[spoiler:Simoun]] also pretty much wants this after the events of the first novel.
* RomanticRunnerUp: [[spoiler: Isagani]]
* ScarpiaUltimatum / SadisticChoice: [[spoiler: Juli realizes that the only way to save Basilio from a lifetime of prison and/or forced slavery is to have sex with Father Camorra, although to be fair he doesn't tell her this herself. She tries, and is DrivenToSuicide because of this.]]
* SelfMadeOrphan: [[spoiler: Tano, Juli's brother. To be fair, he didn't know that the man he shot down was his own father.]]
* SequelHook: A less-obvious one in current times, but [[spoiler: the jewelry casket of the dead Simoun thrown by Padre Florentino into the sea will be a ChekhovsGun in another novel by another author: Philippine National Artist Amado V. Hernandez's ''Mga Ibong Mandaragit'' (Birds of Prey)]].
* ShootTheShaggyDog: [[spoiler: Simoun returns to the Philippines just to have revenge against the Spaniards and save Maria Clara. However, Maria Clara dies before he could see her again and his planned revolution failed. Fortunately, he redeems himself in the eyes of Father Florentino.]]
* ShoutOut: The phrase "Mene thecel phares" is used in a similar context to [[Literature/TheBible the original]].
** [[spoiler: Ibarra's fate is pretty much a shout out from a certain [[Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo Edmond]] though Ibarra/Simoun dies in the second book. ]] It also helps that it's one of Rizal's favorite novels.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Tends more towards the cynical end of the scale than ''Noli''.
* SpannerInTheWorks: [[spoiler: Isagani spoils Simoun's plans by throwing the bomb-lamp away.]]
** And he gets bonus points for basically [[spoiler: saying that had he known what Simoun was up to, he wouldn't have done it.]]
* SunglassesAtNight: A very important piece of disguise.
* TimeBomb: A 19th-century version. [[spoiler: It's the gas lamp - once the wick runs out, the gunpowder hidden everywhere will explode, killing all of society's higher-ups.]]
* TimeSkip: Takes place 13 years after the events of ''Literature/NoliMeTangere''.
* UnclePennybags: Makaraig. He financed the [[spoiler: would-have-been]] school with his huge hoard of cash.
* VillainProtagonist: Simoun. [[spoiler: Revealed to be the NotQuiteDead Ibarra]].
** [[spoiler: Before his death, he narrates to Father Florentino about his actions from the events of ''Literature/NoliMeTangere'' until his downfall, feeling sorry about the failure of his would-be uprising.]]
* WholePlotReference: To ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo''; being [[AuthorAppeal one of Rizal's favorite stories as a child]], it's understandable.
* WideEyedIdealist: Basilio. [[spoiler: Then he gets broken.]]
** Isagani, Basilio's best buddy, plays this straight until the end of the book.
* YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters: Of course, this has inspired countless debates up to this day in Philippine literary criticism and/or historical studies... considering how [[AuthorTract Rizal has the tendency to be didactic in his novels]].
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