A classic series of high fantasy books by Creator/UrsulaKLeGuin, which began as a pair of short stories in 1964, "The Word of Unbinding" and "The Rule of Names". These stories were shortly followed by a trilogy of young adult novels:

* ''A Wizard of Earthsea'' (1968)
* ''The Tombs of Atuan'' (1971)
* ''The Farthest Shore'' (1972)

Decades later, Le Guin returned to Earthsea with a fourth novel, followed after another decade by a collection of new short stories and one final novel. These books were more adult than the original trilogy, dealing with some very mature subjects.
* ''Tehanu'' (1990)
* ''Tales from Earthsea'' (2001)
* ''The Other Wind'' (2001)

The world of Earthsea is a sprawling archipelago where magic is a part of everyday life, dragons are an occasional threat, and the afterlife is a very real place. The original trilogy focuses on Ged, a wizard who rises from a modest life as a goatherd in a sleepy village to become the Archmage, the master of the school of magic who rules in place of Earthsea's long-abandoned line of kings. Ged overcomes grave mistakes made early in his life in ''A Wizard of Earthsea'', then acts as a mentor to the young priestess Tenar in ''The Tombs of Atuan'' and the young prince Arren in ''The Farthest Shore'' as each of these characters comes of age and accepts their role in life as he once did.

The later books shift the focus away from Ged and instead build Earthsea itself as more complex and rich character, exploring the history and geography of its various islands, examining the lives of commoners who don't spend their days sailing around on grand adventures and speaking to dragons, and addressing the massive weaknesses of the archipelago's society, especially its treatment of women.

In many ways the Earthea Cycle represented a radical departure from the then dominant view of fantasy in featuring a wizard as the main character rather than as a supporting character, featuring a cast of mostly brown-skinned and red-skinned characters, featuring women in prominent roles, exploring an islander society instead of the standard medieval European setting, and advancing the story by having the characters make increasingly complex moral and personal decisions rather than simply winning in sword fights or obtaining treasure. It also avoids ever becoming particularly verbose; all but the fifth book are well under 300 pages, with few words spent on the intricate and time-consuming exposition that defines other fantasy authors like Tolkien.

The series was the subject of an animated film from StudioGhibli called ''Anime/TalesFromEarthsea'' and a poorly-received TV adaptation by the SyFy channel, originally called ''Legend of Earthsea'', and later retitled ''Series/{{Earthsea}}''.
!!Provides Examples Of:

* AntiVillain: Cob in ''The Farthest Shore.''
* BedouinRescueService: Happens in ''The Farthest Shore'', when Ged is badly wounded and the heroes run out of water. They are stranded in the middle of the ocean, but fortunately, there is a tribe of nomadic raft dwellers who happen to pass nearby.
* BigEater: Penthe, who is plump when she is introduced and continues to gain weight because of her enormous appetite.
* [[TheBlacksmith The Bronzesmith]]: Ged's father.
* CelibateHero: Ged, in the first three books.
* ConLang: More than one of them.
* {{Curse}}: Arha lays one in ''The Tombs of Atuan''
-->''"May the Dark Ones eat your soul, [[spoiler:Kossil]]!"''
* TheDarkSideWillMakeYouForget: [[spoiler: At the end of ''The Farthest Shore,'' after breaking the laws of magic to conquer death itself, Cob can't even remember his own true name.]]
* DefrostingIceQueen: Arha/Tenar fits this trope very much in ''The Tombs of Atuan'', although there is a subversion in that while the protagonist, Ged who plays the role of dashing adventurer in the novel, does not "defrost" her through sex as often happens, but rather helps her develop a sense of morality and reconnect with her buried humanity.
* DesertedIsland: Ged is sea-wrecked on a very small one during the first book.
* DeusExMachina: At the end of ''Tehanu'', where [[spoiler:Kalessin arrives and saves Tenar right as she's about to be pushed off a cliff [[BrainwashedAndCrazy by Ged]]. Aspen and the rest of the men are unceremoniously done away with as well.]]
* {{Deuteragonist}}: Ged's character development is secondary to Tenar's in ''The Tombs of Atuan'' and to Arren's in ''The Farthest Shore.''
* DragonHoard: The dragons in the series are obsessed with hoarding jewelry... at least at first.
* EldritchAbomination: The Nameless Ones, as well as the gebbeth that Ged unleashed.
* EvilCounterPart: The shadow to Ged.
* ExpandedUniverse: Le Guin's Earthsea short stories, some of which were compiled into ''Tales From Earthsea''.
* ExponentialPotential: Dragons seem to follow this pattern. Any competent wizard can kill a young dragon with little to no effort--early in his career, Ged defeats ''six'' dragons in rapid succession pretty easily. ''Ancient'' dragons, however, are almost impossible to kill by conventional means and can use magic just as well if not better than the most powerful human mages.
* FamedInStory: ''A Wizard of Earthsea'' is explicitly described as being about Ged when he was young and not famed in story; in it, a friend declares he will make a song so his deeds will be remember, but either he didn't or the song was lost (only distorted pieces survive). However, by ''The Farthest Shore'', Ged is indeed famed.
** Despite the lines in ''A Wizard of Earthsea'' saying that stories of the events of that novel were lost, it is clear that they are common knowledge by the time of ''The Other Wind'', as shown by Alder.
* {{Familiar}}: Ged's Otak--a small, rodentlike creature similar in size and disposition to a [[WeaselMascot weasel]]. He tames it in the wild using the Old Speech, and it follows him around everywhere after that, usually riding on his shoulder or resting in his hood.
* FantasyForbiddingFather: Ged's father.
* FantasyWorldMap: One of the more famous examples.
* FatBestFriend: Vetch, although he is more intelligent and complex than most examples of this trope
* FunctionalMagic: The magic taught in Roke seems to cover the gamut pretty widely, though with an unusual caveat of ''geography'': the further one gets away from Roke, the less reliable the magic that Roke teaches becomes. Vetch, grown up in the East Reach, says that certain spells he learned at home are useless at Roke, while some spells taught to him in Roke lose their potency in the East Reach.\\
Additionally, the way magic works in Earthsea is that it's impossible for anything said in the [[LanguageOfMagic true speech]], the dragons' tongue, to be a lie. Anything you say in the true speech ''is true'', [[RealityWarper even if physical reality has to change to make it so]].
** Not entirely true: Men are actually bound to speak the truth when using the true speech, whereas Dragons can lie at will. If you make an illusion that a rock is a diamond, using the true name for rock will break the illusion. There is a way of changing the rock to a diamond, but it is incredibly dangerous as if you make a mistake you could turn all rocks to diamonds.
* GoodScarsEvilScars: Ged, after unleashing a never-exactly specified evil into the world, is scratched up rather terribly by the thing on one side of his face, and scarred for life. However, in that same book someone says approvingly that the scars indicate him as a true hero--and more importantly they are a sign of his kinship with the Nameless Ones, which Tenar is priestess of.
** He's actually not aware that anyone thinks his scars are heroic. The guy who thinks this is very young, and very awed by Ged, and he thinks the scars are the tracks of a dragon's claws, since Ged is known for having vanquished an important dragon early in his career.
* HeManWomanHater: Oh so very much in the fourth book.
* HeroAntagonist: Ged to Tenar in ''The Tombs of Atuan''.
* HeroicSacrifice: Erreth-Akbe. The dragon Orm attacks Havnor, forcing Erreth-Akbe to take dragon form and prevent Orm from destroying the city. [[spoiler:Erreth-Akbe manages to defeat Orm, but dies in the process.]]
* HumansAreWhite: {{Averted}}. White humans (Kargish) are rare in Earthsea. Most people we encounter are AmbiguouslyBrown, with Le Guin having said that they look vaguely Native American, or black. Ged has red-brown skin and Tenar has white skin.
* HumanSacrifice: Done (and threatened to be done) quite often in ''The Tombs of Atuan''.
* IKnowYourTrueName: The name is the thing, and the true name is the true thing. Know the true name, and you can control the thing. This power is limited in that there are literally countless numbers of names in the world, and no human, at least, can ever learn them all. You can't control the sea, for example, for to control you the sea you have to know the name of ''every shore it touches'', something impossible for a man to do in one lifetime.
* ItWasAGift: Ged's half of the Ring of Erreth-Akbe.
* LanguageOfMagic: It even has regional dialects!
* LanguageOfTruth: The Old Speech. Except for the dragons. Well, dragons can't ''lie'', but they can certainly omit, obfuscate and otherwise mislead.[[labelnote:*]] Or, you know, set you on fire and eat you.[[/labelnote]]
* LiminalBeing: The enemy in ''Shore'' claims to be this.
* LivingLegend: "His life is told of in the ''Deed of Ged'' and in many songs, but this is a tale of the time before his fame, before the songs were made."
* LivingShadow: What Ged summons up and then must deal with in the first book.
* TheMagicGoesAway: A much more specific example, limited to [[spoiler:Ged only, who used up all his magic to seal the door between the land of the dead and the living.]]
* MagicVersusScience: Tenar (the priestess) is ironically disbelieving that Ged can perform magic until she sees him actually cast a spell. This is because of her Kargish upbringing--the Kargad are magically uninclined and take a rather arrogantly skeptical view of the western world's magical abilities (this isn't because they are in any way rationalists: in fact the Kargads are the only people in Earthsea who actually worship gods, and nasty ones at that--the Nameless Ones that Tenar serves are [[EldritchAbomination pretty horrible]], while most Kargads prefer to worship [[GodEmperor their own kings]]).
* ManInTheIronMask: The brother and sister on the deserted island.
* TheMaze: the labyrinth in the tombs of Atuan
* MeaningfulRename: Every human gets a new secret name when they come of age, and adopt a publicly-used nickname.
* MedievalEuropeanFantasy: Totally averted. Most of the characters are dark-skinned/non-white (with great care taken to distinguish between the various shades of brown), and if any era of actual history matches Earthsea, it's ancient times, not the Middle Ages (for instance, the tech level is late Bronze Age, augmented by widespread use of magic for things like animal husbandry and weather control).
** If you're having a hard time figuring this out, just envision the settlements as looking Middle Eastern or Indian or perhaps Polynesian (and yes, African), and you'll probably end up freeing yourself from the chains of this trope forever.
** The [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/5/59/AWizardOfEarthsea%281stEd%29.jpg/200px-AWizardOfEarthsea%281stEd%29.jpg first edition cover]] appears to be Mayan-inspired.
* TheNothingAfterDeath: The land of the dead is presented as a dry sunless place where the dead keep their names, but not their spirits. This is later revealed [[spoiler:to not be the real afterlife but a ''barrier'' to reaching the real one, established because the first human wizards wanted access to the [[LanguageOfMagic true names]] and thus power. Nice job breaking it, [[NiceJobBreakingItHero wizards.]]]]
* TheObiWan: Ged has three of them: his aunt, Ogion, and Archmage Nemmerle. [[spoiler:Only Nemmerle dies. Well, Ogion (Ahal) does, too, but from extreme old age, and not until after the end of the original trilogy.]]
* OceanPunk: One of the classic and most refined examples.
* OminousFog
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: Most people in Earthsea are like this--they receive a true name when they come of age, but keep it a secret to all but those whom they trust completely. Ged for instance, is known to the vast majority of Earthsea's population as "Sparrowhawk".
* OurDragonsAreDifferent: The intelligent and deadly Tolkien variety, at least in the Dragon Run corner of the far West Reach. When one approaches the East Reach, the farthest islets of Earthsea, there are still dragons... but they're about the size of housecats, and completely harmless and unintelligible.
* PeopleOfHairColor: The Kargs.
* PowersThatBe: The Nameless Ones in ''The Tombs of Atuan''. Their actual existence is up for debate [[spoiler:until the point where Ged pisses them off and they retaliate by trying to collapse the great labyrinth around him and Tenar]].
* RealityWarper: A wizard can do this, if he changes something's true name, or otherwise changes something's nature.
** RealityWarpingIsNotAToy: If you use the Old Speech to warp reality, you ''will'' face the consequences (probably).
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Ged to Cob, about exactly why his attaining immortality was a very bad thing.
* RoyalBlood: Why the God-Emperor did not just kill the prince and princess but instead stranded them on an island where Ged ran into them.
* SacredHospitality
* SealedEvilInACan: Most {{Eldritch Abomination}}s are this. Some are locked in tombs, one is bound into a rock... doesn't stop them from causing a good deal of trouble.
* ShapeshifterModeLock: Ged almost loses his personality once. It is stated that one wizard spent so much time as a bear he lost his humanity and killed his son. He had to be hunted down afterwards.
* ShoulderSizedDragon: The ''harekki'' Yarrow keeps as a pet in ''A Wizard of Earthsea'', possibly the very first example.
* SpaceWhaleAesop: While probably not intended to be a simple Aesop, Ged's explanation to Arren about life and death and how Cob's actions disturbed The Balance may look like one: "Do not desire [[ImmortalityImmorality eternal life]], or else words will lose their true meanings and everyone will eventually go mad".
* SpoiledBrat: Jasper
* TitleDrop: A variant-the titles of the books are often casually said early on, and then dropped traditionally with meaning. In the case of ''The Other Wind'', the title could almost be considered ArcWords.
-->''"Where," the Summoner said, "where is that land?"''
-->''"On the other wind," said Irian. "The west beyond the west."''
* TogetherInDeath: Averted. There are no emotions in the afterlife. Though this is possibly {{subverted}} in ''The Other Wind'', when Alder is reunited with his dead wife Lily.
* TrainingTheGiftOfMagic: Ged is first taken as a trainee by a witch when he shows a remarkable ability to cast simple spells after hearing them once, then recruited for (extensive) training at a WizardingSchool after showing greater but still limited power. It's possible that anyone could achieve something if they knew the right true names, but most people would probably be dangerously clumsy at best.
* TrilogyCreep: Additional volumes were very belatedly added to the original three.
* UnfamiliarCeiling: Turns up surprisingly little, given Ged spends an absurd amount of time being generally passed out. This specific trope only occurs once, at Osskil.
* VowOfCelibacy: Wizards are required to be male and celibate. One entry in ''Tales from Earthsea'' shows the origins of the WizardingSchool on Roke, showing that they initially admitted women and didn't require celibacy, but an extremist faction gained control of the order early on and changed the rules. Another entry has a woman with magical gifts attempt to gain admittance to Roke, with the help of a wizard who was kicked out for bringing a barmaid back to his dorm room and getting caught ''in flagrante delicto''.
* WeatherDissonance: Wizards like controlling it. It's the first ability that Ged manifests. But it's not always wise.
* WizardingSchool: The school for magic on Roke, which only admits men, and which is portrayed pretty much as the center of the magical world. May be the TropeMaker.
* WhiteAndGreyMorality: Le Guin dislikes unambiguously evil characters.
** Dragons are described as having their own morality, and while perilous for humans to interact with, are not actively evil. They appear to qualify more as BlueAndOrangeMorality.
* WorldBuilding: Le Guin and her creation of Earthsea.
* YourMagicsNoGoodHere:
** When Sparrowhawk (Ged) travels to the island of Osskil in the far north, his magic fails because he isn't familiar with the differences in magic there.
** The mage Vetch tells of the differences in magic between locations.
--->'''Sparrowhawk:''' They say, Rules change in the Reaches.\\
'''Vetch:''' Aye, a true saying, I can tell you. There are good spells I learned on Roke that have no power here, or go all awry; and also there are spells worked here I never learned on Roke. Every land has its own powers, and the farther one goes from the Inner Lands, the less one can guess about those powers and their governance.
* YouthIsWastedOnTheDumb: Ged foolishly casts a spell to show off.