->''"What can I tell you? I've known Rodion for a year and a half: sullen, gloomy, arrogant, proud; recently (and maybe much earlier) insecure and hypochondriac. Magnanimous and kind. Doesn't like voicing his feelings, and would rather do something cruel than speak his heart out in words. At times, however, he's not hypochondriac at all, but just inhumanly cold and callous, as if there really were two opposite characters in him, changing places with each other."''

Perhaps the most famous novel written by Russian author Creator/FyodorDostoevsky. Originally in Russian under the title ''Prestuplenie i nakazanie (Преступлéние и наказáние)''

A moody university student named Raskolnikov [[MurdererPOV murders]] an old moneylender who has been exploiting her clients, but accidentally also kills someone else. He struggles with the ramifications of his actions through the novel. While ruminating over his crime, he deals with visiting family, a nosy friend who [[LoveTriangle falls in love with his engaged sister]], an implacable police detective, Porfiry, [[IKnowYouKnowIKnow who plays mindgames with him]], the all-too-obvious faults in his own {{Ubermensch}} theories, and his budding relationship with a [[HookerWithAHeartOfGold prostitute]] and her poor family.

Translated into English many times, and Detective Porfiry is a primary inspiration for the title character of the ''Series/{{Columbo}}'' TVMovie series.

If you came here expecting CrimeAndPunishmentSeries, please fix the link.
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!!This book contains examples of:

* AboveGoodAndEvil: Raskolnikov initially thinks he is; turns out, not so much.
* AffablyEvil: Svidrigajlov.
* TheAnnotatedEdition
* AntiHero (Type V) or VillainProtagonist: Raskolnikov.
* TheAlcoholic: Marmeladov.
* AlliterativeName:
** Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov.
** Porfiry Petrovich.
* AssholeVictim: Raskolnikov specifically chooses to murder Alyona because she's a greedy, unscrupulous, and universally unloved moneylender and he thinks she won't be missed.
* BadDreams: Raskolnikov is haunted by nightmares ranging from unpleasant to genuinely disturbing. Not to mention the nightmares Svidrigailov has right before [[spoiler:he kills himself.]]
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler: Raskolnikov will have a nice new life, but only after he atones for his crimes by serving his time in Siberia.]]
* BreakTheHaughty: [[spoiler: Raskolnikov.]]
* BunnyEarsLawyer: Porfiry Petrovitch, anyone?
* ButtMonkey: {{Subverted}}; Lebezyatnikov is introduced as one, but then he actually helps Sonya and Raskolnikov against Luzhin's plan.
* ByronicHero: Raskolnikov.
* CharacterFilibuster: Raskolnikov often makes long speeches expressing his viewpoints about morality.
* CharacterTics: Avdotya Romanovna has a habit of pacing up and down the room while thinking.
* TheChessmaster: Porfiry. Raskolnikov gets OutGambitted in almost every encounter, and Porfiry's one major setback is due to an outside influence neither man could have possibly predicted.
* CloudCuckoolander: Named ''directly'' by Raskolnikov, in regards to his feverish behavior!
* CoolOldGuy: Porfiry in many movie adaptations is usually portrayed as such; however, in the book he is just 35, although he looks older.
* DeadpanSnarker: Raskolnikov.
* DespiteThePlan
* DissonantSerenity: Raskolnikov smiles in several unfitting circumstances, even though it's usually a [[SmugSmiler smug smile]] to show his disgust.
* DistantFinale: About a year and a half after the main events of the book.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler: Svidrigajlov, and subverted with Raskolnikov. Everyone thinks that he'll kill himself rather than go to prison and Raskolnikov even goes to the river in an attempt to drown himself, but he doesn't have the courage to do it and eventually realizes, that he'll have to take responsibility for his actions.]]
* EvenBadMenLoveTheirMamas: Initially {{played straight}} and then {{averted}}; VillainProtagonist Raskolnikov genuinely adores his mother and sister, but, after the murders, he feels alienated from them and is actually irked by their very presence.
* EvilCounterpart: Raskolnikov meets ''two'' Evil Counterparts: actual {{ubermensch}} Svidrigajlov and another NietzscheWannabe, SmugSnake Luzhin.
* FatBastard: Subverted with Porfiry, played straight with Luzhin.
* FriendshipMoment: Radically subverted; Razumikhin constantly tries to help Raskolnikov, who at first treats him like crap and then decides to use him as a tool against his own antagonist, Porfiry.
* HeelFaithTurn: [[spoiler: Raskolnikov's redemption under the care of Sonya has more than a little to do with her unflinching religious faith.]]
* HeelRealization: The ultimate point of Raskolnikov's CharacterDevelopment is him realizing that he's nothing more than a criminal, and his [[WellIntentionedExtremist good intentions]] are meaningless.
* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: An early example in Sonya.
* IKnowYouKnowIKnow
* IncorruptiblePurePureness: Sonya, her profession notwithstanding.
* InspectorJavert: Porfiry; it's a peculiar version, though, as Raskolnikov has ''not'' been WronglyAccused: he ''is'' guilty.
* JerkWithAHeartOfJerk: Luzhin. Did you wonder why he's do something so out of character as to give Sonia money with no strings attached? It doesn't take long to find out.
* KarmaHoudini: A minor version of this trope is found in SmugSnake Luzhin; he doesn't succeed at marrying Dunya, but being the despicable asshole he is he still gets away lightly.
* LampshadeHanging: Razumikhin verbal recreation of the vents of the murder is spot on, but Zossimov dismisses it as "melodrama."
* ManipulativeBastard: Raskolnikov, Svidrigajlov and Porfiry.
* MeaningfulName: Plenty of them:
** Raskolnikov is derived from the archaic Russian word "raskolnik", which means "heretic" (usually used when referring to the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Believers old believers]])-fitting well enough with the character's WellIntentionedExtremist mindset-but it also literally means "shatterer", and indeed Raskolnikov shatters both the world around him and his own soul.
** Razumihin sounds very close (and is related) to the Russian word "razumny", which can mean "[[TheChessmaster intelligent]]" or "[[NiceGuy sensible]]".
%%** Marmeladov, pretty much self-explanatory.
* MyLifeFlashedBeforeMyEyes: Raskolnikov, shortly after he is accused of being a murderer.
* NearRapeExperience: Svidrigajlov is about to rape Dunya, but then he changes his mind.
* NiceGuy: Razumihin.
* NoodleIncident: While reading the newspapers trying to find an article on the pawnbroker's murder, Raskolnikov relays the headlines of several terrible happenings recorded within, one of which involving the SpontaneousHumanCombustion of a shopkeeper from alcohol. Nothing more is said on the matter.
* NotSoDifferent: Luzhin and Svidrigailov are two despicable and immoral men who are treated by Rodion with complete revulsion. However, it is constantly implied that they follow the same [[NietzscheWannabe pattern of thought]] as Raskolnikov, only devoid of all ambiguity and pretense of [[WellIntentionedExtremist improving the world by breaking the law]].
* TheNounAndTheNoun
* ObfuscatingStupidity: Porfiry pretends to be a buffoon, but he is actually so sharp he occasionally seems to have ESP.
* PrincessInRags: Katerina Ivanovna Marmeladova.
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: [[spoiler: Svidrigaylov commits suicide after rediscovering his inner moral compass and understanding that there is a higher purpose in life.]]
* SarcasticConfession: When surprised by a policeman in a café, Raskolnikov makes a point to lead him on as much as possible that Raskolnikov would make a great criminal, going so far as telling them nearly exactly how he managed to escape from blame so far. Once he had the policeman in such a creeped-out state, Raskolnikov admits that he did murder the pawnbroker only to laugh in the policeman's face shortly after, causing the confession to sound like a mean spirited joke. For extra measure, Raskolnikov then rubs more evidence that he did actually do it in the policeman's face as he hastily leaves the café.
* SingleMomStripper: Sonya becomes a prostitute to feed her step-siblings.
* SingleWomanSeeksGoodMan: [[spoiler: Dunya and Razumihkin get married in the epilogue.]]
* SmugSmiler: Raskolnikov.
* SmugSnake: Luzhin.
* SpellMyNameWithAnS: Due to multiple translations from Russian to English.
* StarvingStudent: Raskolnikov was like this.
* StrawNihilist: A celebrated UrExample and UnbuiltTrope. Raskolnikov's musings on the "beyond good and evil" superhuman are at least 20 years older than Nietzche's philosophy, and in fact partly inspired him.
* TheStoic: Raskolnikov, most of the time.
** NotSoStoic
* SurpriseWitness: Subverted.
* SympatheticMurderer: Raskolnikov.
* ThePerfectCrime: Oh, the irony...
* ThePowerOfLove: Nihilism and pride fuel most of the actions of the book. This is the only thing that stands in their way. [[spoiler: It's enough.]]
* TsaristRussia: The story takes place during the reign of Tsar Alexander III.
* {{Tearjerker}}: Raskolnikov's dream about a poor old mare getting beaten to death. Which is also mad {{Squick}}y.
* {{Ubermensch}}: An UnbuiltTrope at the time it was written. Raskolnikov's main purpose is to become a superior man beyond good and evil; the whole book could be considered a TakeThat ''ante litteram'' to Nietzsche's theories (but ironically, Nietzsche took him as an ''inspiration''). Raskolnikov himself describes his inspiration, Napoleon Bonaparte, in Ubermenschian terms.
* TheUnfettered: Raskolnikov, initially.
** Subverted quite quickly, though, as his inability to truly become this after the murder makes him his own worst enemy.
* UnusualEuphemism: (Svidrigailov, speaking to Achilles) "When you are asked, you just say he was going, he said, to America." ([[spoiler:Svidrigailov says this before he commits suicide. A sentence after he says the aforementioned, the guy tells him he can't shoot himself in the head here in the street. The next sentence is "Svidrigailov pulled the trigger."]])
* UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans: Ruthlessly {{deconstructed}}. Even though Raskolnikov intends to help the people whom the moneylender has exploited, the unplanned murder of her innocent sister leads him to question his beliefs.
* WhamLine: Novel's full of 'em. "Did I murder the old woman? '''I murdered myself, not her! I crushed myself once for all, for ever....''' But it was the devil that killed that old woman, not I. Enough, enough, Sonia, enough! Let me be!"
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse:
** It is mentioned that Lizaveta is constantly pregnant. No mention is ever given of her children again.
** [[spoiler:Depending on interpretation, there is enough textual evidence to suggest that Lizaveta was also a prostitute, and thus had to terminate her pregnancy.]]
** [[spoiler:In addition, it's implied that she was mentally retarded in some way, so it's also possible her sister forced her to terminate the pregnancies/give the babies up (although what kind of social provisions there were in Tsarist Russia, I don't know) without her fully understanding what was happening.]]
* WellIntentionedExtremist: Raskolnikov. Though it's debatable whether he murdered the pawnbroker to use the money altruistically or to help himself or whether he simply wanted to prove that he was an {{Ubermensch}} and could get away with it. Considering Raskolnikov and his situation, probably a combination.

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