''Charlotte's Web'' is a classic children's novel written by E. B. White (known for such other children's works as ''Literature/StuartLittle'' and ''Literature/TheTrumpetOfTheSwan'', as well as his adult writings in ''Magazine/TheNewYorker'') and illustrated by Garth Williams.

The work is focused on a young pig named Wilbur, who, being the runt of the litter, is about to be slaughtered by John Arable. However, his owner's daughter, Fern, manages to save him and she raises him to be a strong, healthy pig. However, this means that he is sent down to a different farm, where he is being grown to be slaughtered for food. Determined to help, his spider friend Charlotte launches a campaign to save him. Reading the words brought to her on scraps from the rat Templeton, she begins weaving a series of words and phrases into her web, including "Radiant," "Terrific" and "Some Pig." Word spreads of these miraculous messages, but will it be enough to save Wilbur?

The novel, first published in 1952, has gained widespread acclaim and fame. It earned a Newbery Honor award, the Laura Ingall Wilders Medal (in conjunction with ''Stuart Little'') and has sold more than 45 million copies.

There was a stage adaptation (personally approved by E. B. White) written in 1983, which was later rewritten into a {{musical}} in 1989.

For the ''Creator/HannaBarbera'' adaptation see ''WesternAnimation/CharlottesWeb''. For the 2006 live-action adaptation, see ''Film/CharlottesWeb''.

A follow-up to the cartoon, ''Charlotte's Web 2: Wilbur's Great Adventure'', was released in 2003, DirectToVideo, to celebrate the 30th anniversary. Nobody involved in the original film worked on it.

Not to be confused with ''Film/{{Babe}}'', which also features a pig in a prominent role and many of the same themes, but has no spider character.

!!Some tropes seen in the book:
* AnnoyingYoungerSibling: Avery, Fern's rather obnoxious but still good-hearted brother, He tries to catch Charlotte for his collection only to be stopped by the rotten egg breaking. In the book however he is older.
* ArtisticLicenseAnimalCare: Overlaps with ValuesDissonance. In both the 1973 version and the book, Wilbur's refusal to eat earns him a spoonful of sulfur and molasses shoved down his throat. An old mountain cure, this "spring tonic" was believed to wake up the blood after the long winter while also serving as a laxative. Needless to say, sulfur isn't something humans ''or'' animals should really be ingesting.
* BabiesEverAfter: Although Charlotte dies and most of her offspring leave the farm, three of her daughters remain. And (in the 2000s film) found a whole dynasty of barn spiders. Also, the ending of the 1973 film brings a host of new babies to the farm animals -- even [[spoiler:Templeton]].
* BalloonBelly: Templeton, seen in both the original novel's Garth Williams illustrations after the fair.
* BigEater: Templeton, again! Man, oh, man!
* BittersweetEnding: While Wilbur lives, Charlotte dies soon after the fair. Also Fern doesn't visit Wilbur as often as she used to as she grows up and starts dating Henry Fussy. Yet Charlotte's children live on, and Wilbur is happy to while away the years in the barn with generations of Charlotte's descendants.
* BribedWithFood: Usually the only way to get Templeton to agree to anything.
* BrutalHonesty: A major theme of both the book , with Charlotte, who says she sees no point in withholding unpleasant information from a friend, representing an especially noble variety of it, and Templeton, who is rather overt about his selfish motives for what he does, representing a rather less-than-noble variety. In the book and animated adaptation, the sheep represents a sort of middle ground, telling Wilbur about what farms do to pigs, while the live action version gives that role to Templeton, bringing his brutal honesty even further.
-->'''Templeton:''' What? You're going to lie to the future football here? Okay, but it's a sad statement when ''I'm'' the most honest guy in the place.
* ButtMonkey: Lurvy, the Zuckermans' farm assistant is ''very'' clumsy.
* CarnivoreConfusion: Played with. Charlotte catches and eats insects as humanely as possible, and will defend her need to do this ó not just on a personal level, but an ecological one. However, at the end of her life, she delivers the following quote:
-->'''Charlotte:''' A spider's life canít help being something of a mess, with all this trapping and eating flies. By helping you, perhaps I was trying to lift up my life a trifle. Heaven knows anyone's life can stand a little of that.
* {{Chickification}}: Fern comes down with a ''very'' abrupt case of this in the novel. She's a nature lover who likes to sit for hours on end, quietly watching and listening to the animals in the barn cellar, and remains so right up until Wilbur's moment of triumph at the fair. At that very ''instant,'' she loses interest in the proceedings, begins begging her mother for money so that she can go on a second Ferris wheel ride with Henry Fussy, finally gets it, darts off, and doesn't visit Wilbur as often as she used to.
* ChekhovsGun: The rotten egg which Templeton has been hoarding saves Charlotte's life when Avery accidentally breaks it while trying to catch her.
* ComicallyMissingThePoint: Mr. Zuckerman describes how a message praising his pig has mysteriously appeared in the middle of a spider web, and concludes that they have "no ordinary pig." His wife disagrees:
-->"Well," said Mrs. Zuckerman, "it seems to me you're a little off. It seems to me we have no ordinary spider." \\
"Oh, no," said Zuckerman. "It's the pig that's unusual. It says so, right there in the middle of the web."
* DeadpanSnarker: Templeton is one.
* DeathByNewberyMedal: Or Newbery Honor, anyway. Charlotte dies at the fair after making her egg sac and saving Wilbur.
* DeniedFoodAsPunishment: At one point, Avery tries to knock Charlotte down with a stick and capture her for his collection. Wilbur stops him, and when Mrs. Arable finds out, she sends him to bed without supper.
* DisappearedDad: Charlotte has 514 children and their father is neither mentioned nor seen. Given the courtship habits of ''Araneus cavaticus,'' this is probably for the best.
* DownOnTheFarm: The Zuckerman's Farm is the main setting of the story but early on Wilbur is born on the Arable farm.
* DyingAlone: Charlotte in the original novel, left behind at the fair as she is too weak even to climb down to Wilbur's crate. Averted in the animated version, where Wilbur is with her as she dies just before the humans take him home.
* {{Fainting}}: Wilbur is prone to this whenever he gets especially scared. He eventually faints from {{Stage Fright}} in front of the crowd at the fair when the time comes to receive his medal, but Templeton revives him by biting his tail.
* FoodPorn: {{Double Subverted|Trope}} with the discarded food from the county fair. Not appetizing at first glance but it is if you're a rat. Templeton takes [[StealthPun full]] advantage of it.
** In the book, the lavish descriptions of Wilbur's slop meals. Never has a mixture of milk, table leftovers, and old garbage sounded so appealing.
* FreudianSlip: Fern accidentally says "Wilbur" when the teacher asks her what the capital of Pennsylvania state is.
* AFriendInNeed: Charlotte's only real motivation for helping Wilbur: he's her friend and he's in danger, so she'll do everything she can to save him.
* FriendToAllLivingThings: Fern, at least until she starts to "grow up" and care more about Henry Fussy than animals. Charlotte is also an example... except to the insects she eats.
* FriendlyNeighborhoodSpider: The story is about Charlotte, a friendly spider that helps prevent the pig Wilbur from being slaughtered, even giving her own life to save Wilbur's as well being a kind of godmother for the rest of the farm.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar:
** Children learn in the book that people will believe ''anything'' they see in print. A subtle satirical AuthorTract from Charlotte.
** In the book, when Charlotte talks about her ancestors, she always talks about females and never about males. Well, this is likely because spider females of many species tend to eat the male right after mating. Now try rereading the ending with this in your head.
* HappyRain: Wilbur is the only one who likes the rain.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Averted in the book, where he's a JerkWithAHeartOfJerk who only does the right thing when there's something in it for him.
* LyricalDissonance: At one point, Charlotte sings Wilbur a lullaby about "the dung and the dark." It's appropriately sweet, soothing, and just happens to incorporate the fact that Wilbur sleeps in literal cow manure.
* MagnumOpus: Charlotte describes her egg sac as her magnum opus, the finest thing she has ever made. Or, as it turns out, ''will'' ever make, as [[spoiler: she dies, as spiders do, shortly after producing it.]]
* MayflyDecemberFriendship: Wilbur ends up experiencing this with Charlotte, as she ends up passing away just as he's become a full-grown pig.
* MeaningfulName:
** Fern's surname is Arable, and she lives on a farm. The land on a farm (especially that used in growing crops) is called arable land.
** Charlotte's full name is Charlotte A. Cavatica. She is also a barn spider, and the scientific name for a barn spider is Araneus cavaticus. When her daughter learns that mother's middle initial was "A", she decides to name herself Aranea.
* MessyPig: Type 2--Sanitary Swine. Or as sanitary as he can be, considering [[NauseaFuel he sleeps on an enormous pile of manure]]. Played with when Wilbur has to go to the fair. The sheep advises Wilbur to struggle with being put in a crate. Wilbur's objection that it'll make him messy (after he'd just had a buttermilk bath by Edith Zuckerman) is overruled by the sheep warning him if he ''doesn't'' struggle, they'll assume something is wrong with him and leave him behind.
* OnlySaneMan: In the animated version, Edith Zuckerman is the only human to point out that a spiderweb with "SOME PIG" woven into it is more indicative that the ''spider'' is special, not the pig. [[CassandraTruth Her husband immediately dismisses the idea.]] The live action movie uses a much more logical, realistic answer for this.
-->'''Interviewer''': Where's the spider who did all this?\\
'''Homer''': Well...we looked everywhere, but we couldn't find one.\\
(''cue to Wilbur and Charlotte giggling to each other'')
* ThePowerOfFriendship: Charlotte works hard to save Wilbur's life.
* TheRuntAtTheEnd: Wilbur. This is why Fern takes a shine to him.
* SesquipedalianLoquaciousness: Charlotte (at least from Wilbur's perspective). Likely as not, her vocabulary introduced a lot of young readers to words like "languishing", "radiant", "versatile", and "salutations."
* SpeaksFluentAnimal: Fern is able to understand what the animals are saying when they talk to each other, although she is not shown speaking to them.
* SpeechImpediment: The g-g-goose has a rather pronounced stutter-utter-utter.
* ToughLove: In the book, Charlotte is much stricter on Wilbur than either of the movies, and isn't above snapping at him or scolding him--or anyone else in the barnyard, for that matter. Even in the animated movie, she tricks Templeton into going near a cat simply because he did not feel like attending a meeting about Wilbur.
-->'''Templeton''': [[{{Understatement}} That wasn't nice]], Charlotte!\\
'''Charlotte''': Perhaps the next time I call a meeting, Templeton, you'll see fit to attend!
* UselessProtagonist: Wilbur, who pretty much does nothing the whole book. It could be argued he's more of a DecoyProtagonist (along with Fern), if you prefer to think of Charlotte as the ''actual'' main character. Or that the point of his character arc is his maturing from a passive piglet who needs to be rescued to a proactive, mature pig who ensures the safety of Charlotte's egg sac and watches over her children after her death.
* VerbalTic: The geese tend to repeat their own words as they talk.
--> '''Gander:''' It's my idio-idio-idiosyncracy.
* WeAreAsMayflies: The unspoken reason Charlotte helps Wilbur. She lives only a year, and values the friendship for what little life she will enjoy.
* WhatsInItForMe: It's a continued theme that Templeton repeatedly asks this question, and is repeatedly answered with ''very'' strong incentives. One has to wonder why Templeton hasn't learned to expect it. Only twice is Templeton ''not'' threatened - and those are the two final times, first with promises of miles of food at the fair, and last of all when Wilber promises to let him eat first from his trough for the rest of his life in return for bringing him Charlotte's egg sack.
* WritersSuck: Averted. The last lines of the book and adaptations are, "It is not often that someone comes along who is a true friend and a good writer. Charlotte was both."
* YouDirtyRat: Templeton is a dirty, [[BigEater gluttonous]], selfish {{Jerkass}}. Played straight in the original book.