[[quoteright:200:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/200px-BraveNewWorld_FirstEdition_8247.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:200:[[FreeLoveFuture How about an orgy porgy?]]]]

->''"Don't you wish you were free, Lenina?"''\\
''"I don't know what you mean. I am free. Free to have the most wonderful time. Everybody's happy nowadays."''

A 1932 dystopian novel written by Aldous Huxley. Quite possibly the only serious Western {{Dystopia}} involving ''too much'' happiness... as provided by the totalitarian state.

In the future, most of humanity and the environment people live in has been tailored to make everyone happy. There are five castes of people (Alphas through Epsilons), divided further into sub-castes ranging from the leader Alpha Pluses down through the barely-human grunt Epsilon-Minus Semi-Morons. Everyone is grown in jars and their general roles in society planned before "birth". The population is pacified with virtual reality and the pleasure drug soma. Human needs are satisfied--by biological engineering when necessary; orgies are the norm; and anything that might possibly cause dissatisfaction is simply left out of society.

The cost of continuing to breed people smart enough to keep society running is the risk of emotional instability in those people. Genius creates the risk of madness--yes, in this society, unhappiness qualifies as madness. We have a Type Alpha who is not as tall and strong and beautiful as most, looking more like a Type Gamma; there are continual jokes about his jar getting spiked with alcohol. He fantasizes about being unhappy. And we have a Type Alpha who's in a critical position in society: he writes advertising jingles. Unfortunately, he suddenly wants to create TrueArt, and TrueArtIsAngsty. (No, he doesn't actually create TrueArt. Wanting to is bad enough.)

The only exception to all of this are the "[[RefugeInAudacity Savage Reservations]]", barbaric and primal communities where people still live with nature and its cruelties and limitations, where people are born naturally and know the full range of emotions. After growing up on a New Mexico reservation, one of the novel's protagonists leaves for the wider world ([[LeaningOnTheFourthWall along with]] [[ShoutOutToShakespeare bringing some Shakepeare with him]]), where he quickly becomes a celebrity but at the cost of his own sanity as his ideals and emotions [[FishOutOfWater clash horribly with that of the rest of society]].

This novel is famous for quite a few things. For one, the biological techniques described in the book (such as cloning) would turn out to be remarkably similar to those used in the modern day, despite this novel being written in the 1920s, ''decades'' before real science would ever reach this stage. It helps that Huxley is a member of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huxley_family one of Britain's most important and productive scientific families]] (his older brother Julian was a leading evolutionary biologist and his grandfather Thomas was Darwin's Bulldog, the man who argued Darwin's idea in public for him.).

It's also a true example of CrapsaccharineWorld and CrapsackOnlyByComparison. The Brave New World is a fully-functioning society where everyone is happy, youthful, healthy and productive, but it is presented as a dystopia because this comes at the cost of creativity, free will and progression. The Reservation is a free community of emotion, but it is also a dirty, disease-ridden tribal wasteland where the weak are ostracized and pain equals redemption. Aldous Huxley would later go on to express regret at not including a third option that would have been a happy medium of the two. (He does, in his later book ''Island'', but not for the Savage.)

Huxley has often been accused (including by KurtVonnegut) of plagiarizing ''Literature/{{We}}'' in writing ''Brave New World''. Despite the numerous similarities between the two books, Huxley has always denied this, so compare and contrast the two.

Also, this book is frequently compared to ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' as a way of showing the perspectives of the dystopia-esque society. Note that ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' shows that [[BigBrotherIsWatching what we fear controls us]], while ''Brave New World'' shows that [[FreudWasRight what we love]] [[MemeticMutation controls us.]]

Also compare ''{{Literature/Fahrenheit 451}}'', a later work with similar themes of an oppressive, pleasure-driven society, vacuous entertainment, suppression of emotions and the elimination of the past (i.e. books).

Also compare ''{{Film/Equilibrium}}'', which also uses many of the same themes of emotion control oppression by a World State that decides how people should feel.

And before you ask, the Music/IronMaiden song of the same name ''was'' [[FilkSong inspired by the book]]. Not to be confused with the second expansion of the fifth installment of {{VideoGame/Civilization}}. Or the Japanese novel and anime series ''Shin Sekai Yori'', whose English name is ''Literature/FromTheNewWorld''

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!!This novel provides examples of:
* AllIssuesArePoliticalIssues: Bernard does this a lot.
* AlliterativeName: Mustapha Mond.
* AllOfTheOtherReindeer: Jon the Savage is kept from volunteering for sacrifice in America because he is white. He is then treated as an outsider and gawked at in London. And Bernard, as he is treated like a leper for being prudish about the free sex culture in the Brave New World.
* AntiVillain: Despite being one of the ten World Controllers, Mustapha Mond comes off as sympathetic (in both senses - he has sympathy for others, and the reader may tend to like him), because he secretly enjoys much of the old 'smutty' material such as Shakespeare and regrets the sacrifice of things such as truth and freedom. He believes, in his own full capacity, that the sacrifices are worth it.
** As pointed out by [[http://zompist.wordpress.com/2012/03/06/brave-new-world/ Mark Rosenfelder]]: "Mond underestimates human potential, but his values are not evil, as Big Brotherís are. He doesnít want to stamp on the face of humanity forever; he wants peace, prosperity, and happiness."
** At one point [[spoiler:when ordering the exile of Bernard and Helmholtz to an island]], he comments that he's happy that the world has so many islands to send dissidents to, as the alternative would have to be their execution. [[spoiler:He offers exiles, such as Helmholtz, their choice of places to be sent to; Helmholtz chooses an island with a bad climate, such as the Falklands, on the grounds that it would stimulate his creativity.]]
* AlternativeCalendar: The story starts in 632 AF ("After Ford"), or AD 2540. 1 AF was 1908, the year the Model T came out.
* ArcWords: "O [[TitleDrop brave new world]], [[ShoutOutToShakespeare that has such people in it]]..."
* BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy: Having invented the production lines that produce everything (people included), Henry Ford is {{retcon}}ned by society into a literal Christ-like figure. ([[FutureImperfect And combined with]] Sigmund Freud.)
** Played with in that these people were not in and of themselves different or leading some secret life, but were retconned into this by the regime, who needed people to inspire the masses.
* BlitheSpirit: Subverted with John the Savage, who gets pitted against a CrapsaccharineWorld, fails miserably at changing anything, and isn't particularly blithe, either.
* BlueAndOrangeMorality or GreyAndGreyMorality: The new world, according to the Savage (and many readers) -- "Mother" is an obscene word, sex is as quick and impersonal as a handshake, and ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' would be considered a comedy.
** Described In-Universe as an example: When the Savage gets into a discussion with Mond, Mond explains that the reason this world feels so wrong to the Savage is that he is still using the old system of good and evil, as opposed to the modern system of happiness and unhappiness. One of the very few cases in which this trope is done well.
* BreadAndCircuses
* TheBeautifulElite: In the upper castes, everyone is genetically engineered to look beautiful, and they show no signs of aging.
* TheChainsOfCommanding: Mustapha Mond doesn't really like his job as World Controller all that much, but someone has to do it.
* CharacterFilibuster: One chapter near the end of the book consists of a big debate between John Savage and Mustapha Mond on TheEvilsOfFreeWill.
* ColourCodedForYourConvenience: The caste uniforms.
* ConditionedToAcceptHorror: Most people have no idea just how vapid and insignificant their lives are. The ones who ''do'' know this are so difficult to integrate that they're just shipped off to isolated islands just so they don't have to think about it so much.
* TheConstant: An old, dirty and barely preserved book of Shakespeare, kept in the savage reservation, checked by the only savage that, as the son of a civilized woman, has learned how to read.
* CrapsaccharineWorld: Your options are either a utopia that encourages neglect of individuality, or an exile in a squalid low-technology reservation or a remote island. An attempt to make a society where everyone is treated equally and everything is provided by robots collapsed into civil war within a few years. (Everyone on that island was an Alpha, even though jobs done by other castes in the rest of society still needed to be done; predictably, all the islanders considered themselves above such tasks, they didn't get done, and things snowballed.)
** CrapsackOnlyByComparison: John the Savage views the "utopian" world of London as amoral, unnatural, and pointless, while Lenina sees John's home on the savage reservation as backwards, uncivilized, and barbaric.
* CreativeSterility: Art without content or substance is what Helmholtz makes, and it's ultimately why he doesn't like the system.
* CulturePolice: Turned completely on their head considering the usual portrayal, but no less stringent about enforcing [[GettingSmiliesPaintedOnYourSoul their particular stripe of morality]].
* DecoyProtagonist: Bernard Marx. Literature teachers often use him to introduce the concept to students.
* {{Deconstruction}}: Of the [[RomanticismVersusEnlightenment Enlightenment]] {{Utopia}}, and particularly Plato's ''The Republic''. More specifically, the ThemeParkVersion of Utopia, "where everyone's happy".
* DesignerBabies: Alphas, Betas, Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons. In short, pretty much 95% of society with the lower orders even being an inversion.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance
* DirtyCoward: [[spoiler:Bernard, Henry.]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: Bernard ruins the DHC's career because he wanted to transfer him.
** "Transfer" to Iceland amounts to permanent exile without chance for appeal for the heinous crime of being a bit anti-social.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: Too many to count.
* DomedHometown
* [[spoiler: DownerEnding: See below.]]
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler:John is at the end when he is unable to escape or resist society.]]
* DystopiaIsHard: But necessary for the greater good, according to Mustapha Mond.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Subverted: [[spoiler:John tried and fails and ultimately kills himself because of it]].
* TheEvilsOfFreeWill: Mustapha tells about an experiment with an all-Alpha population. It soon devolved into a civil war and resulted in the citizens requesting that the government take back control.
* ForHappiness: In a [[{{Deconstruction}} deconstructed]] way.
* FreeLoveFuture: Everyone is encouraged from earliest childhood to have sex with as many people as possible, and never to form strong attachments to any of them. Chastity is the deadest of virtues. John confuses Lenina by ''not'' jumping her bones at the first opportunity; because of this, she ends up ''longing'' for him, and comes the closest she will ever come to actually feeling love in her whole pathetic, sex-saturated life.
* FriendlyEnemy: Mustapha Mond toward the central malcontents.
* FreudWasRight: InUniverse, as FreudWasRight is practically a ''religious tenet''.
* FutureImperfect: [[InvokedTrope Invoked]] by the government. No history is taught and texts from before a certain date are strictly forbidden; the few references to the past that come up would appear to our minds to have gone through centuries of misinterpretation. For example, Henry Ford has been conflated with Sigmund Freud, but only in psychological contexts.
* FutureMusic
* FutureSlang:
** "Ford" has basically replaced "God" and "Lord" in ''all'' contexts, resulting in titles like "his fordship" and exclamations like "For the love of Ford!" The reason is because he created the assembly line, the absolute base of the civilization.
** "Pneumatic." This actually was a slang term back in the 1920s, but it's become so obscure that it sounds like FutureSlang.
* GeniusBreedingAct: Embryos are created in labs, and people are born into different classes: Alpha, Beta, Delta, Gamma, and Epsilon. These groups are engineered to have different intelligence levels both through genetic selection and differences in their artificial fetal environment; for example, an Alpha is made from Alpha gametes ''and'' incubated in an optimal fetal environment.
* GettingSmiliesPaintedOnYourSoul: One of the major themes of the book is whether keeping everyone passive and happy is worth eliminating any deeper emotions which could cause conflict.
* GovernmentDrugEnforcement: Soma and Malthusian Belts.
* HappinessInSlavery: Pretty much all of society is conditioned to like exactly where they are. Those at the top enjoy their intelligence, those at the bottom enjoy not having complicated responsibilities, and those in the middle think they have just enough intelligence without having too many responsibilities.
* HappinessIsMandatory
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Bernard and Helmholtz.
** Bernard seems to see John and Helmholtz as this later on.
* HonorBeforeReason: John, so very much. By the end, [[spoiler: [[TakeAThirdOption he nearly found a third option of a quiet and happy life in seclusion]] but his commitment to being unhappy meant he couldn't accept it. (Then the crowds came to gawp at him and everything got worse.) ]]
* IgnoreTheFanservice: John in regards to Lenina.
* IHaveManyNames: Ford is stated to go by "Freud" in psychological contexts, as if the name were a godly epithet.
* IJustWantToBeNormal: Bernard Marx and Linda.
* IJustWantToHaveFriends: Bernard. A darker take on this trope than usual--when he does luck his way into popularity, he has no problem abusing it and doesn't mind that it's shallow. [[spoiler:At the end, Mond implies that Bernard ''will'' make friends...in exile with all the other malcontents.]]
* InherentInTheSystem: The brainwashed existence and/or the menial labor.
* InfoDump: The reader follows a group of new students through a tour of the Hatchery & Conditioning Center to learn how this society functions.
* InWithTheInCrowd: Bernard after he brings "the Savage" to London.
* IronicEcho[=/=]TitleDrop: "Oh brave new world, that has such people in it."
* LargeAndInCharge: The lower classes are shorter than the Alphas and Betas.
** Justified in that stunted growth is a symptom of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, but at the time the book was written, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome was not known to exist. Huxley ''[[AccidentalTruth made up a condition]] [[VindicatedByHistory that later turned out to be real]]'', and ''[[CrowningMomentOfAwesome even managed to get the symptoms right]]''.
** Bernard Subverts this due to being the shortest Alpha, so short that he can look at an Epsilon in the eyes.
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall[=/=]LiteraryAllusionTitle: John grew up reading Shakespeare's works, and [[SpeaksInShoutOuts he's often prone]] to [[ShoutOutToShakespeare reading from them]] while in the "[[HappinessIsMandatory happy society]]". Since the book's title comes from ''Theatre/TheTempest'', a Shakespeare work...
* LiteraryAllusionTitle
* LiveActionAdaptation: The little known miniseries.
* LongTitle: An in-universe jazz standard, "There ain't no Bottle in all the world like that dear little Bottle of mine".
* LoveAtFirstSight: John for Lenina. Must come from reading so much Shakespeare.
* LovingAShadow: John, who knows romance mostly through Shakespeare and the Reservation, desperately wants to see Lenina as innocent and unavailable, rather than a typical member of her society.
* MachineWorship[=/=]AllHailTheGreatGodMickey: The future society worships Henry Ford. They even set the calendar by him. Played with inasmuchas "Ford" is a conflation: they ascribe all those whose inventions and discoveries make their way of life possible. Ford's mechanization and automation policies, Freud's theories of childhood development, etc.
* MeaningfulName: Most characters have names that refer to famous political and cultural figures, like Bernard Marx, Mustapha Mond, Lenina Crowne, Benito Hoover, Darwin Bonaparte and so on.
** Also, [[{{Irony}} "Linda" means beautiful.]]
* MemeticMutation: ''Invoked'' as a form of mind control.
** With that in mind, the combined lesson here is [[WarpedAesop emotion is the cause of all our problems.]] But nobody can create a society where emotions are absent... [[Literature/TheGiver right?]] [[Film/{{Equilibrium}} RIGHT?]]
* MurderSuicide: Implied at the end when [[spoiler:John possibly whips Lenina to death before hanging himself]]. Again, might come from reading too much Shakespeare.
* MyGirlIsASlut: Henry's attitude towards Lenina, typical of the Alpha caste; when he thinks she already has a date with someone else, for example, he's always excited to know with whom.
* MyGirlIsNotASlut: Bernard and John, on the other hand...
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: John, after [[spoiler:participating in a soma-fueled orgy, and possibly even whipping Lenina to death in the process; retreats to his secluded cottage and [[DrivenToSuicide hangs himself]].]]
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: John's life is utterly ruined by Bernard bringing him to the "civilized world".
* NobleSavage: The trope given form as John the Savage. Subverted by the other members of the Reservation, whose standard of living and way of life are intended to be just as troubling to the audience as the World State.
* OlderThanTheyLook: Everyone stays young (physically, mentally, etc.) until their deaths.
* OneDrinkWillKillTheBaby: Lower-caste fetuses are deliberately poisoned with alcohol (and deprived of oxygen) to make them stupid and weak. Notably, this was before alcohol was proven to actually be a poison to infants.
* OneWorldOrder
* PeerlessLoveInterest: Lenina for John.
* PunchClockVillain: Mustafa Mond actually really likes Shakespeare, science and religion, but he has to refuse all of these, because his job to provide happiness for the people demands so.
* RaisedByNatives
* ReallyGetsAround: Almost everyone (since this is the norm), although [[MsFanservice Lenina]] deserves a special mention.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: If only all totalitarian dictators followed Mustapha Mond's example and simply sent malcontents to islands of "normal" civilizations instead of to {{Room 101}}...
* ReassignedToAntarctica: Well, to Iceland, actually.
* RefugeInAudacity: [[{{Invoked}} Literally applied in-universe]] as TheThemeParkVersion. The "Savage Reservations" have people who were deemed as unusual and irresponsible while in this new world. If it comes to the point where a person has to be deported, they have the [[MortonsFork option to pick which island they want to go to]].
* RepressiveButEfficient: Played with. Any free thought is severely frowned upon, and even the most dull and unimaginative person from our time would hate living there, but everyone has a high standard of living, the citizens are insanely happy, and there's no crime. Occasionally someone's conditioning will fail and they'll be [[TheEvilsOfFreeWill a free thinker and unhappy with their lot]], but those people aren't punished, imprisoned, or executed, just given the choice between joining the ruling class or going into voluntary exile in an island community of like-minded people, which is relatively humane by {{dystopia}}n standards. The society is juxtaposed with that of the "savages," who are people who live in a tribal society, and standards of living that are terrible in comparison, but they are still, for lack of a better word, human.
* RoboticAssemblyLines: Opens with a description of the cloning assembly line.
* RomanticismVersusEnlightenment: The Savage versus the technocratic World State.
* SarcasticTitle
* ScienceIsBad: Well, a threat to social stability if not kept in check.
* ScienceMarchesOn: Huxley was ahead of his time in saying that fetal exposure to alcohol is a Bad Thing, but his assumption that it's possible to create a specific level of disability with a specific amount of alcohol is not true. In real life, the results are immensely more variable than Huxley suggests, and much of the difference has to be random chance: it's common for one member of a pair of identical twins born to an alcoholic to be severely disabled and the other to be completely normal. His assumption that women need to go through fake pregnancy if they don't really get pregnant, and that darker-complexioned women need to go through it at an earlier age because they're "born to have babies young", is an unfortunate remnant of early 20th century racial and sexual theories that portrayed women in general as constantly subject to MyBiologicalClockIsTicking and darker people as more "primitive" on a biological level.
* ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem: Blatantly invoked by Mustapha Mond when he points out that reading Othello is illegal, but since he makes it illegal, he can still read it if he wants (not that anyone except him and John want to read it anyway).
* SendInTheClones: Humanity is mass produced in batches of "identical twins" on the order of hundreds at a time.
* ServantRace: The Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons.
* SexIsEvilAndIAmHorny: John's fundamental conflict. His traditional values on things such as love and sex clash horribly with those of civilized society, and when he finally gives into his impulses, [[spoiler:he becomes so guilt-ridden afterwards that he commits suicide]].
* {{Sexophone}}: The briefly mentioned sexophones are either renamed saxophones or some odd new instrument. Sex is so blasť in this civilization that a deliberate rename wouldn't be out of the question.
* ShoutOutToShakespeare: The title comes from ''Theatre/TheTempest'', and since one of John's first books was an anthology from the Bard, [[SpeaksInShoutOuts he's prone to quoting him.]]
-->'''Miranda:''' O wonder! How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world! That has such people in it!
* SpeaksInShoutOuts: See above ShoutOutToShakespeare.
* StepfordSmiler: Both more and fewer than you'd think.
* TakeAThirdOption: Bernard and Helmholtz chose this when presented with the "Stability or Freedom" question. The concept itself is not explored in depth until Huxley's later work, ''Island''. Mustapha Mond tells them that he was also faced with this choice, but took a third offer to become a Controller. He regards this as the harder path than going to an island, but more worthwhile.
** A foreword written by Huxley in 1946 suggests that, given the chance to go back, he might have given John a third option in the end.
* TalkingTheMonsterToDeath: The book's climax consists of a dialogue between John the Savage and Mustapha Mond.
* ThemeNaming: All the characters except John the Savage are named after renowned capitalists, communists, industrialists, psychologists, philosophers or scientists.
** John's behaviour indicates he's probably named after the concept of the Noble Savage.
* TitleDrop: The verse that the book's title comes from is said by John repeatedly.
* TotalitarianUtilitarian: The story takes place in a society where ForHappiness have become such a great cultural obsession that it has become oppressive.
* TroublingUnchildlikeBehavior: ''We're'' [[{{Squick}} troubled]]. [[DeliberateValuesDissonance The adults in-story aren't]].
* UterineReplicator
* UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans: Mustapha Mond's defense of the new world and its ruthless suppression of intellect, creativity and freedom. He genuinely believes the happiness and comfort the world's gained is more than worth it, and makes a scarily strong argument against TheEvilsOfFreeWill.
* TheWarToEndAllWars: The Nine Years War, which happened roughly 500 years before the start of the novel.
* VariantChess: All the sports available are more complex versions of current ones, like Riemann Tennis or Magnetic Golf--the additional equipment increases consumption.
* VillainsNeverLie: The protagonists all take Mustapha Mond's story about the Alpha society of Cyprus failing at face value, even though Mond is probably the most UnreliableNarrator imaginable for dictating why a free society of equals can't work. Also see ReleasedToElsewhere.
* WellIntentionedExtremist: Mustapha Mond recognizes that individuality, creativity, and self-awareness are lofty and noble things. [[TheEvilsOfFreeWill He also believes that sacrificing them in the name of stability, order, and banal happiness]] [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans is necessary to preserve human civilization]].
* WeWillHavePerfectHealthInTheFuture: The trick is, while everyone is healthy and youthful, their bodies can survive this treatment to no longer than around the age of sixty. Savages grow old, but they can also luck out to have much longer lifespan.
* WeWillUseManualLaborInTheFuture: The lower (read: intentionally retarded) castes. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]]; they've got the technology to make a great deal of that work obsolete and in fact tried just that, only to find out that it made people unhappier. It's better to give the Epsilons [[TVTropesWillRuinYourLife somewhere to go and something to do for 8 hours]], so labor-saving technology was intentionally dialed back to create more make-work. As for why they didn't just stop breeding/manufacturing the lower castes and let a society of free, intelligent humans operate the labor-saving devices themselves: they tried that too, and the island they tried it on [[TooManyCooksSpoilTheSoup collapsed into civil war within a couple of years]]; it turns out that the higher castes need someone to boss over and will not do anything that they feel is beneath them.
* WhatIsThisThingYouCallLove: Wanting to be with one person? Caring if your partner is with someone else? Minding when someone dies?! What hilarious concepts!
* {{Zeerust}}

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