The ninth and tenth books of Literature/TheBible.

The first book tells the story of Samuel who is dedicated by his mother to the priesthood. He grows up to be the most important religious figure of his day and helps establish the Israelite kingship.

The second book tells of the kingship of David, Israel's greatest king and ancestor of Jesus.

Creator/JosephHeller's ''Literature/GodKnows'' is a modern -- and not a little {{meta|fiction}} -- retelling of the Books of Samuel.

The Books of Samuel are followed by the Literature/BooksOfKings.
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!!These books contain the following tropes
* AllCrimesAreEqual: In part of Samuel's harsh rebuke to Saul's incomplete genocide and rejection as King of Israel, he states in I Samuel 15:23 that rebellion is just as sinful as witchcraft, and stubbornness is just as evil as idolatry.
* ArtifactTitle: Samuel only played a significant role in the beginning of the first book, then died in the middle and is not mentioned in the second. Those books focus more on the King David.
* AndThatLittleGirlWasMe: Nathan tells David a story about a rich man who stole a poor man's pet lamb. But when David expresses outrage, Nathan reveals that the rich man was an allegory for David's UriahGambit and lays down the TheReasonYouSuckSpeech.
* BabiesEverAfter: God was so pleased at Hannah giving her firstborn to His service after years of infertility that He made her quite fertile from that point on. She proceeds to have five more children.
* CombatByChampion: DavidVersusGoliath, the most famous example in history.
* DavidVersusGoliath: TropeNamer. Goliath was more or less ancient history's AndreTheGiant -- some translations put him at ''nine feet tall!'' David, meanwhile, was hammered home as the runt of his family, the youngest of ten siblings and not much older than 18 when Goliath bellowed his challenge to Saul's army.
** On a political level, David and Saul. Saul was not a short man, and was God's anointed king (for a time) with direct control of the army. That's stiff competition for a former sheep herder.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Saul getting rejected as king just because he did some of Samuel's duties may seem like this but remember that the high priest makes sure the king does God's commands to the letter. Saul tries to bypass this and concentrate all power on himself. He was a tyrant in the making.
* DreamTeam[=/=]BadassCrew: David assembles an elite squad of [[BadassIsraeli thirty "mighty men"]] to be his personal guard. All of them had impressive achievements in battle, including one who killed 800 Philistines in one day, one who singlehandedly defended an entire field, and one who "killed a lion in a pit on a snowy day."
* DrivenToSuicide: Saul, eventually.
* EvilPrince: David's sons Amnon (raped his half-sister) and Absalom (led a rebellion).
* EyeScream: Saul's first great act was saving a city under siege from a warlord who would allow them to live if they allowed him to gouge out their eyes.
* FatalFlaw
** Saul's tendency to follow his own way rather than waiting for a command from God.
** David's inability to control his children.
** Joab's violence.
* HereditaryCurse: God does this to David's family after David has an affair with Bathsheba and has her husband killed.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: David and Jonathan.
* HolyIsNotSafe: The Ark of the Covenant proves to be an equal-opportunity DoomsdayDevice in 1 Samuel 4-7. The Israelites bring the Ark onto the field of battle, which scares the Philistines into fighting harder instead. They capture it, then make the mistake of keeping it in the same room as an idol of Dagon. God breaks the statue and smites the Philistines with a plague of tumors and rats. The Philistine cities play hot potato with the Ark for a while before sending it back to Israel with a guilt offering. Aaaand the Israelites promptly have a whole bunch of people die from looking into the Ark.
* HomoeroticSubtext David and Jonathan's relationship, let the text speak for itself. 2 Samuel 1:26 "I grieve for you, Jonathan my brother; you were very dear to me. Your love for me was wonderful, more wonderful than that of women."
* HonorBeforeReason: During a battle with the Philistines, Saul disrupted his own army by making them swear that they will not eat or drink until they have won. They had no choice but to obey, and the enemy escaped. Only [[OnlySaneMan Jonathan]] thought this was dumb.
* ImprobableWeaponUser: The Philistines had a monopoly on weapons so the Israelites (with the exception of Saul & Jonathan) had to weaponise their farm tools.
* LampshadeHanging: [[SixthRangerTraitor "As I served your father, so shall I serve you."]]
* LawOfInverseFertility: Penninah has children, and lords it over Hannah, who has none. Hannah eventually ''does'' conceive, but not without divine intervention.
* [[MistakenForJunkie Mistaken For Drunk]]: When Hannah is praying for a child, Eli (the priest) assumes she's drunk. When she corrects him, he apologizes, and says something along the lines of "May God grant you what you ask for."
* MoralityPet - Mephiboseth, Jonathan's crippled son, is this to David.
* NakedFirstImpression: David first sees Bathsheba bathing outdoors. Thus begins the affair.
* OfferedTheCrown: Saul, then David.
* OurGiantsAreBigger: The Rephaim, including Goliath. David and friends make a name for themselves by killing a few of these in battle.
* {{Polyamory}}:
** The story begins with Elkanah, who had two wives, Penninah and Hannah.
** Also, David has Michal and Bathsheba, plus several other women.
* PunishedForSympathy: 1 Samuel 15:18-23, where King Saul is chastised by Samuel because he had spared only one Amalekite which is King Agag as well as the sheep and cattle which were valuable. This is where God has officially rejected Saul as king of Israel.
* ThePurge
* RagtagBunchOfMisfits: David's Mighty Men.
* RedemptionEqualsAffliction: David repents of pulling the UriahGambit as well as committing adultery. Although God forgave him, He allowed David and Bathsheba's child to die in infancy.
* RejectedApology: Saul repents to God for the incomplete genocide of the Amalekites, but Samuel informs him that God won't accept it and has now rejected him as King of Israel.
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Saul's attempts at killing David and saving his dynasty end up dooming it.
* ShotgunWedding: Though passed off by David as an HonorableMarriageProposal; he married Bathsheba (after [[MurderTheHypotenuse killing her husband off]]) because he got her pregnant.
* SuckSessor:
** Eli's sons sucking leads the way for Samuel to become the priest; then, Samuel's just as terrible sons lead the way to Saul being crowned.
** Saul sees Jonathan as this, since Jonathan cares more about his friendship with David than the throne, but being the suck-sessor to a terrible king is hardly a bad thing.
* TheUriahGambit: TropeMaker and TropeNamer, but not in the same event. The Trope Maker is Saul sending David on missions to get him killed (unsuccessful), whereas the TropeNamer is David sending Uriah to his death.
* TwentyBearAsses: UrExample, 100 Philistine [[GroinAttack foreskins]].
* WhatTheHellHero:
** Nathan reaming out David for his adultery, and his murder of Uriah.
** There's also Samuel chewing out Saul for burning an offering without waiting for him to arrive to Gilgal and later for sparing King Agag and the cattle and sheep when God commanded him to kill all Amalekites.
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